CN107443018A - A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method - Google Patents

A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107443018A
CN107443018A CN201710664526.3A CN201710664526A CN107443018A CN 107443018 A CN107443018 A CN 107443018A CN 201710664526 A CN201710664526 A CN 201710664526A CN 107443018 A CN107443018 A CN 107443018A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
mould
blank
pressure volume
volume pot
die
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710664526.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱文宾
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DANYANG YUNFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
DANYANG YUNFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by DANYANG YUNFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical DANYANG YUNFU TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710664526.3A priority Critical patent/CN107443018A/en
Publication of CN107443018A publication Critical patent/CN107443018A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/24Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects high-pressure containers, e.g. boilers, bottles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J12/00Pressure vessels in general

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method.It includes being used for the upper die and lower die that extrusion forming is carried out to the blank of tubular construction, mold has the spherical inside surface that spherical surface can be formed to blank top, lower mould has the outer surface coordinated with upper mould inner surface, blank is placed in below mould and makes the internal edge of mould in its open top face vertically, and the lower mould extend into the center of mould in blank middle part and the center face of lower mould.After above-mentioned production equipment and method, only two parts are formed the pressure volume pot of formation up and down, no longer needing to weld two hemisphere faces in tradition respectively with cylinder also no longer needs to carry out shaping shearing to hemisphere face by other formers, thus weld seam is not only reduced, and reduce production craft step, its rational moulding technique, the pressure-resistant performance of pressure volume pot is very good made of making, also very high resistance to pressure request has been reached in practical application, has had good value for applications.

Description

A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production technology of pressurized tank, specifically a kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production Method.
Background technology
It is well known that existing pressure volume pot is by superposed hemispherical epimere, the tubular construction positioned at middle part Stage casing and hemispherical hypomere three parts positioned at bottom form, form a pressure by being welded and fixed between three parts Force container tank is overall, and opening and welded flange are also needed at the top of the pressure volume pot of formation, and traditional this structure is producing In manufacturing process, it is necessary first to epimere and hypomere are molded by former, to edge deletion excess stock after shaping Hemispherical configuration is formed, tubular is then wound into by one block of sheet material, tube structure is welded into after full circle, finally again by three parts Weld successively, it can be seen that, existing this manufacture method production technology during the manufacturing is more complicated, weld seam Also compare more, the pressure-resistant performance of container is not easy to ensure, the thick steel plate of comparison is generally required and can be only achieved high pressure-resistant of comparison Requirement.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the pressure that a kind of weld seam is few, simple production process and pressure-resistant performance are high Container tank production equipment and production method.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, pressure volume pot production equipment of the invention, including for tubular construction Blank carries out the upper die and lower die of extrusion forming, and mold has the spherical inside surface that spherical surface can be formed to blank top, Lower mould has the outer surface coordinated with upper mould inner surface, and blank is placed in below mould and makes mould in its open top face vertically Internal edge, the lower mould extend into the middle part of blank and in the center face of lower mould mould center, set at the top of the upper mould It is equipped with the lift drive mechanism that mould can be driven to be vertically moved up or down.
The rotary drive mechanism that can rotate mould is additionally provided with the top of the upper mould.
The heater positioned at blank both sides is provided between the upper die and lower die.
The lower mould includes hemispherical backform and the support column installed in backform bottom.
The inner surface setting of the upper mould has the cavity of indent, and the projection of evagination is provided with the top of the lower mould, described The opening that cavity and male cooperation can be formed at the top of blank.
A kind of pressure volume pot production method using above-mentioned pressure volume pot production equipment, comprise the following steps:
A, blank is placed between upper die and lower die around the blank for forming tubular construction and makes base by the roll of steel plate of rectangle vertically Expect the internal edge of mould in open top face, while lower mould is extend into inside blank;
B, rotary drive mechanism and lift drive mechanism is driven to rotate mould and be vertically moved up or down using between upper die and lower die Cooperation is extruded blank;
C, in forming process, the rotation of upper mould makes blank by thermal softening, at the same time the top of blank by extrude formed with The spherical surface that upper die and lower die surfaces externally and internally coordinates;
D, after being molded, the spherical surface center of blank top squeeze shaping directly forms the open top for mounting flange;
E, after blank being formed into the semi-finished product with spherical surface, other one block of blank repetition aforesaid operations is changed and form other one Block semi-finished product;
F, two pieces of semi-finished product are carried out welding the pressure volume pot for forming finished product.
In the forming process, start heater, blank is heated by the heater positioned at blank both sides.
After above-mentioned pressure volume pot production equipment and production method, by by roll of steel plate around the base for forming tubular construction Material directly forms the semi-finished product with top sphere, direct shape after two semi-finished product are welded by upper die and lower die extruding Into the pressure volume pot of finished product, only two parts are formed the pressure volume pot being consequently formed up and down, it is no longer necessary to in tradition two Individual hemisphere face is welded respectively with cylinder also no longer to be needed to carry out shaping shearing to hemisphere face by other formers, thus Not only reduce weld seam, and reduce production craft step, its rational moulding technique, make manufactured pressure volume pot Pressure-resistant performance is very good, and very high resistance to pressure request has also been reached in practical application, has been had good value for applications.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of pressure volume pot production equipment in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of pressure volume pot in the present invention.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, to the present invention pressure volume pot production equipment and production method make into One step describes in detail.
As illustrated, the pressure volume pot production equipment of the present invention, including for there is tubular knot of the roll of steel plate around formation The blank 1 of structure carries out the upper mould 2 of extrusion forming and lower mould 3, and upper mould 2 has and can form the spherical of spherical surface to blank top Inner surface 4, lower mould 3 have the outer surface 5 coordinated with upper mould inner surface, and the inner surface setting of upper mould 2 has the cavity 9 of indent, under The top of mould 3 is provided with the projection 10 of evagination, and cavity 9 and projection 10 coordinate the opening 11 that can be formed at the top of blank;Can by Fig. 1 See, lower mould 3 includes hemispherical backform 7 and the support column 8 installed in backform bottom;Blank 1 is placed in below mould vertically And making the internal edge of mould in its open top face, lower mould 3 is extend into the middle part of blank and in the center face of lower mould in mould The heart, the top of upper mould 2 are provided with the lift drive mechanism that mould can be driven to be vertically moved up or down;It is direct from there through upper and lower mould extruding The semi-finished product with top sphere are formed, the pressure volume pot of finished product are directly formed after two semi-finished product are welded, by Fig. 2 It can be seen that formed the pressure volume pot of finished product only have one of the centre side seam 12 that is formed after the synthesis of two halves semi-finished product and It is wound into the vertical welded seam 13 of cylindrical blank.
Further, the top of described upper mould 2 is additionally provided with the rotary drive mechanism that can rotate mould, thus exists Upper mould can be driven to rotate by rotary drive mechanism in forming process, so as to be rotated by the high speed of upper mould, high speed rotary friction Wiping makes blank then be applied the direct crimp formation of pressure to edge by upper mould by thermal softening and attached in upper die and lower die Spherical structure on outer surface, the heater 6 positioned at blank both sides is provided between upper mould 2 and lower mould 3.
A kind of pressure volume pot production method using above-mentioned pressure volume pot production equipment, comprise the following steps:
A, blank is placed between upper die and lower die around the blank for forming tubular construction and makes base by the roll of steel plate of rectangle vertically Expect the internal edge of mould in open top face, while lower mould is extend into inside blank;
B, rotary drive mechanism and lift drive mechanism is driven to rotate mould and be vertically moved up or down using between upper die and lower die Cooperation is extruded blank;
C, in forming process, the rotation of upper mould makes blank by thermal softening, at the same time the top of blank by extrude formed with The spherical surface that upper die and lower die surfaces externally and internally coordinates;
D, after being molded, the spherical surface center of blank top squeeze shaping directly forms the open top for mounting flange(No Must still further it be open), cavity 9 and raised 10 external diameter size determine openings of sizes, are then mounted directly flange in opening ;
E, after blank being formed into the semi-finished product with spherical surface, other one block of blank repetition aforesaid operations is changed and form other one Block semi-finished product;
F, two pieces of semi-finished product are carried out welding the pressure volume pot for forming finished product.
Wherein, in forming process, heater can be started, blank is entered by the heater positioned at blank both sides Row heating.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. pressure volume pot production equipment, it is characterised in that:Including for the blank to tubular construction(1)It is squeezed into The upper mould of type(2)With lower mould(3), the upper mould(2)With the spherical inside surface that spherical surface can be formed to blank top (4), the lower mould(3)With the outer surface coordinated with upper mould inner surface(5), the blank(1)It is placed in vertically below mould And make the internal edge of mould in its open top face, the lower mould(3)It extend into the middle part of blank and in the center face of lower mould The center of mould, the upper mould(2)Top be provided with can drive mould be vertically moved up or down lift drive mechanism.
  2. 2. according to the pressure volume pot production equipment described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper mould(2)Top also set It is equipped with the rotary drive mechanism that can rotate mould.
  3. 3. according to the pressure volume pot production equipment described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The upper mould(2)With lower mould (3)Between be provided with the heater positioned at blank both sides(6).
  4. 4. according to the pressure volume pot production equipment described in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The lower mould(3)Including hemispherical Backform(7)And the support column installed in backform bottom(8).
  5. 5. according to the pressure volume pot production equipment described in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The upper mould(2)Inner surface set It is equipped with the cavity of indent(9), the lower mould(3)Top be provided with the projection of evagination(10), the cavity(9)And projection(10) Coordinate the opening that can be formed at the top of blank(11).
  6. 6. a kind of pressure volume pot production method using one of the claim 1-5 pressure volume pot production equipments, it is special Sign is, comprises the following steps:
    A, blank is placed between upper die and lower die around the blank for forming tubular construction and makes base by the roll of steel plate of rectangle vertically Expect the internal edge of mould in open top face, while lower mould is extend into inside blank;
    B, rotary drive mechanism and lift drive mechanism is driven to rotate mould and be vertically moved up or down using between upper die and lower die Cooperation is extruded blank;
    C, in forming process, the rotation of upper mould makes blank by thermal softening, at the same time the top of blank by extrude formed with The spherical surface that upper die and lower die surfaces externally and internally coordinates;
    D, after being molded, the spherical surface center of blank top squeeze shaping directly forms the open top for mounting flange;
    E, after blank being formed into the semi-finished product with spherical surface, other one block of blank repetition aforesaid operations is changed and form other one Block semi-finished product;
    F, two pieces of semi-finished product are carried out welding the pressure volume pot for forming finished product.
  7. 7. according to the pressure volume pot production method described in claim 6, it is characterised in that:In the forming process, start and add Thermal, blank is heated by the heater positioned at blank both sides.
CN201710664526.3A 2017-08-07 2017-08-07 A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method Pending CN107443018A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710664526.3A CN107443018A (en) 2017-08-07 2017-08-07 A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710664526.3A CN107443018A (en) 2017-08-07 2017-08-07 A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107443018A true CN107443018A (en) 2017-12-08

Family

ID=60490855

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710664526.3A Pending CN107443018A (en) 2017-08-07 2017-08-07 A kind of pressure volume pot production equipment and production method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107443018A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109366097A (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-02-22 昆明冶金研究院 A kind of preparation process and products thereof of LP gas cylinder upper cover
CN111230421A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-05 洪娇娇 Manufacturing method of large pressure container

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109366097A (en) * 2018-05-31 2019-02-22 昆明冶金研究院 A kind of preparation process and products thereof of LP gas cylinder upper cover
CN111230421A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-05 洪娇娇 Manufacturing method of large pressure container

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