CN107437307A - A kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee - Google Patents

A kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107437307A
CN107437307A CN201710622485.1A CN201710622485A CN107437307A CN 107437307 A CN107437307 A CN 107437307A CN 201710622485 A CN201710622485 A CN 201710622485A CN 107437307 A CN107437307 A CN 107437307A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
registration
shared bicycle
car
numbering
bicycle
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Pending
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CN201710622485.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710622485.1A priority Critical patent/CN107437307A/en
Publication of CN107437307A publication Critical patent/CN107437307A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00571Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by interacting with a central unit
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/18Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which the network application is adapted for the location of the user terminal

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee, shared bicycle is unlocked using password or barcode scanning, by way of communication station, radio frequency communication station, registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by Zigbee radio communication modes, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared bicycle, registration controller.

Description

A kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee, shares bicycle and is unlocked using password or barcode scanning, is led to The mode that communication station, radio frequency communication station, registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set is crossed, shared bicycle is realized and parks in order Registration, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by Zigbee radio communication modes, realize register information through shared single Car, registration controller are transferred to communication station and are uploaded to total station control again.
(2) background technology:
The shared bicycle in full street, little Lan cars, small green car, little Huang cars, small screw oil expeller is of all kinds leaves about everywhere, mixed and disorderly nothing Chapter, influence the trip that the appearance of the city hinders people.But shared bicycle provided for citizen's Green Travel it is convenient, as long as having mobile phone with regard to that can ride Walk, be finished and go away very convenient, solve the problems, such as that many working clans multiply " last one kilometer " of public transport and can not gone directly destination. The key problem in technology of shared bicycle has mechanical code lock, keyboard password lock and smart lock, wherein mechanical code lock only to set on lock One constant password, cause often by numeral will loosen retainer and password lock collar, there is also one or two people using close The situation that code is not upset and freely ridden;Keypad lock simply enters password and presses button below combination disk again, you can success Unlock;As long as also smart lock clicks on the interface that cell phone application opens " scanning Quick Response Code ", it is aligned before bicycle position or vehicle seat Following two-dimensional code scanning can open smart lock, finally pull open lock manually.The charging modes of shared bicycle are using hair Spark drum or solar panels generation mode, cost is higher, and its positioning method uses GSM/GPRS and d GPS locating module.User Neighbouring bicycle can be searched for by cell phone application.GPS location meets obstacle impact effect, and does not only have less to neighbouring bicycle There is an urgent need to just valuable during bicycle again for bus.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared bicycle is locked using keyboard password, is unlocked with password or barcode scanning.Open the two dimension of the shared bicycle of cell phone application alignment After code barcode scanning, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth and can unlocked manually, and cell phone application starts timing, when user reaches purpose Ground car locking in place when, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can settle accounts according to timing time.Frequency is used for long-time It is numerous switch lock when, simple password can be set in cell phone application, with lock controller make barcode scanning unlock communicate after, you can use institute Simple password unlocking is stated, arrives at the simple password failure after checkout.When several personal collective's travelling cars, outdoor advertising Propaganda team's car etc. can use the collective of a cell phone application to make barcode scanning unlocking to each car respectively with car interface, set simultaneously Simple password, it is finished car and sends checkout confirmation to each shared bicycle by Bluetooth of mobile phone, after shutting, all simple passwords lose Effect.
As the casual user of passerby or voluntary member can password unlocking entered from the keyboard, can be with without installing cell phone application When to disorderly parking the information of unregistered car or disabled vehicle using mobile phone according to shared bicycle car plate offer, dialed to total station control Phone, phone end add shared bicycle number, and total station control replys unlocking cipher short message, and casual user can use password unlocking, At this moment shared bicycle is if correct park is registered refusal unlocking, when casual user will disorderly park car correction stand and step on After remembering car locking, lock controller record usage time and special purpose system, by registration controller and communication network to total stand control Device collects cumulative award or expense, and according to timing time, car locking is registered with prize in setting time, takes more than setting time for master station Deducted with by telephone charge.
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication and total station control, Liang Ge communication stations point Not She Zhi radio communication Zigbee module, Zigbee module timing realizes that register information passes with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets Pass, at this moment kept the reception state of radio communication by the order set, front communication station, carried out unidirectional information transfer.Radio frequency leads to Letter uses CC2530 modules, its integrated chip 2.4GHZ DSSS RF transceivers, 8051 micro- place of industrial stage enhancement type Manage device, ZigBee be low-power consumption, low data rate, low cost radio network technique, most generations of Zigbee protocol stack Code is all public, thus considerably increases the portability of project, its application layer characteristic information is stored in In ZigBee.def files, as a part for application development, this document setting is changed according to actual conditions.Communication station Registration controller in single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 communicated by its SPI interface with 8051 microprocessors in CC2530 modules, it is single Piece machine STC12C5A60S2 is also communicated by another SPI interface with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage In.
ZigBee supports FHSS, and communication station can be made effectively to avoid the band interference of itself, it is also possible to which it extends frequency Section avoids bluetooth interference, and supports the carrier wave multichannel of conflict avoidance to intercept technology, can also carry out transmission power, channel to module Deng the configuration of network topology parameters.Channel is arranged as required to during communication, and is arranged to transmitter mode or receiver mode, is System uses the 2.4GHz inverted F shaped antennas that TI companies design to increase communication distance.When the communication station number of setting is less, in monolithic Under machine STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and is controlled through master station Device radio communication CC2530 modules processed are sent to total station control processing.
Communication station or installation registration controller or radio frequency communication station or infrared calling mechanism, registration are set in bicycle diamond Microcontroller, nonvolatile storage, far infrared transceiver and bluetooth module are housed in controller.Zigbee is included in communication station Module and registration controller, the register information being collected into is uploaded to total station control by each communication station after data processing, by total Station control monitoring vehicle flowrate, and realize that shared bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order everywhere.In shared bicycle Equipped with lock controller, lock controller is equipped with single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and keyboard, Infrared transceiver device is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module.In infrared transceiver device Include the infrared receiving/transmission probe being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens.
Radio frequency communication station is used for the road roadside of the narrow walkway in inconvenience setting bicycle parking area to the shared list in riding Car exchanges information.Radio frequency communication station is provided with microcontroller, nonvolatile storage and bluetooth module, and wherein microcontroller uses AT89C55, and passed using the bluetooth module of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions, AT89C55 and CC2541 chips by serial communication Transmission of data, and save the data in nonvolatile storage with for further processing.Shared bicycle in riding enters radio frequency During the communication station Bluetooth signal area of coverage, shared bicycle bluetooth module is waken up access piconet, into the shared bicycle of piconet Carry out register information with radio frequency communication station successively to exchange, the shared bicycle bluetooth module after register information exchanges is placed in dormancy shape State.
The bicycle diamond that non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule is indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district sets communication station or stepped on Remember controller, set communication station to be used to form communication network, the infrared transceiver device for sharing bicycle sets positioning infrared receiving/transmission Probe and relay are popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission.Each registration controller uses buries infrared receiving/transmission probe under the road surface of bicycle diamond Or in road surface upper pright stanchion installation infrared receiving/transmission probe, the positioning of a shared bicycle of its infrared receiving/transmission alignment probe stand Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared hair Penetrate diode and determined with receiving the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with the experiment received.Shared bicycle Infrared receiving/transmission probe except outer to penetrating with registration controller, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another fill one for identifying Or the relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay has unified setting height(from bottom) and position with infrared receiving/transmission probe To bicycle or so to penetrating, accordingly make left or right mark, its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.Formed in blueteeth network Under the support of algorithm, can be automatically composed in a short period of time an independent wireless network without other network hardwares or The network facilities is supported.Bluetooth equipment LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet in equipment operation, be synchronized to common clock and One group of equipment of hopping pattern will share a physical radio channel, there is provided the equipment of synchronous base is referred to as main equipment, Suo Youqi Its equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link manager association Connection request data cell is discussed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, carries out parameter Consult Deng correlation, and establish asynchronous wireless connecting link and prepared for data transfer, will if any multiple unnecessary active slave units It is notified and enters park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting time after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily registration controller is arranged on road as main equipment Interior, shared bicycle, which sequentially enters diamond and sequentially parked, makees relay numbering registration, arbitrarily parks, can not register to settle accounts.Institute Relay numbering registration is stated to refer to register by the corresponding shared bicycle of the infrared receiving/transmission probe on road, it is shared after registration Bicycle again successfully to register when relay infrared receiving/transmission probe left or right receive, to the right or left unregistered shared bicycle is carried out Numbering registration, and registration and number information are transmitted, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, finally One shared bicycle successfully registered and numbered is waken up bluetooth mould in access main equipment labeled as relay car from resting state The piconet of block control, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared bicycle information delivered in relays It is standby, after transmission relay car bluetooth module enter park mode complete relay numbering registration, turn into first registration and numbering be total to Bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared bicycle numbering by registration controller.Relay is registered and numbering process:First Access piconet is waken up to unregistered shared bicycle after having been enter into registration controller the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking, by Registration controller sequentially distributes " new numbering " to each shared bicycle in piconet, is registered for infrared relay, distributes new numbering Shared bicycle bluetooth module afterwards i.e. be placed in resting state, then, registration controller to it is registered and numbering shared bicycle with Its numbering is that address realizes that registration controller and the register information of shared bicycle bluetooth module serial communication exchange, and registers control All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared bicycle by device processed, are then ground according to new numbering since relay car Registered to making infrared relay after the shared bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding location.The infrared relay registration refers to through infrared registration Shared bicycle afterwards again successfully to register when relay infrared receiving/transmission probe left or right receive, it is to the right or left unregistered shared Bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and transmits registration and number information, and last is by the shared bicycle that relay is registered labeled as new Relay car take over former relay car, and be waken up access piconet, then this all newly registered and numbered from resting state Shared bicycle information is wirelessly transmitted to registration controller, and relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay of park mode completion after transmission Registration.Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information. Relay is registered and the purpose of numbering is that requirement bicycle is sequentially parked, and shares bicycle to the new numbering that can not complete to register and number, Its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to the license number of shared bicycle with The one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after each shared bicycle is successfully registered.
With the exception of this, the shared bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to blue to registration controller Unregistered shared bicycle is registered in tooth signal cover, and registration controller is taken registers and number the several of setting through relay Behind the interval of individual lot number, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and numbering:First in order of numbers is opened The infrared transceiver device of the shared bicycle of a registered numbering, numbered and serial number to be stepped on according to new to sharing bicycle in diamond Address, sequentially make infrared relay registration after scan transponding, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until it is all The numbering of registration operates completion.In extension registration and numbering in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering finally by into The shared bicycle of work(registration, cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering, registration controller is by Registration and the shared bicycle sequentially list of numbering are easy to control.
When shared bicycle and registration controller enter row information exchange, the registration controller of communication station receives each shared bicycle The register information being each collected into is carried out information exchange by register information, other registration controllers with each shared bicycle.Registered letter The license number for the shared bicycle that breath is registered comprising each registration controller being collected into setting time section and its status of equipment, use Pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and registration controller coding.Register information is sent to registration by shared bicycle After controller will the register information delete, each registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously passed by shared bicycle after arrangement Pass, collect through communication station to total station control.
In wide vacant lot, shared bicycle arrives first infrared transceiver device installation place before parking and is registered and numbered, red depending on installing The position of outer R-T unit and the maximum distance of diamond, it is controlled in by lock controller in the setting time between 30 seconds to 90 seconds Car locking is then registered effectively, and infrared calling mechanism exchanges register information with shared bicycle during registration, infrared transceiver device by single-chip microcomputer, Nonvolatile storage and infrared transceiver device are formed.
In the bicycle diamond of non-business district, daily first shared bicycle and the infrared calling mechanism for being installed on roadside Relay numbering registration is proceeded by, first shared bicycle being registered is arranged to main equipment after setting time, as stated above Relay registration and numbering and extension registration and numbering are carried out, its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, when the setting For main equipment shared bicycle unlock ride away when, will registration and number information send to infrared calling mechanism and be re-set as from Equipment, the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and the shared bicycle of numbering, receives infrared transceiver device Registration and number information after, be arranged to main equipment continue relay registration and numbering.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatically to the shared bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared list Car sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared bicycle when going out.Or take The bicycle diamond installation probe of inside residential area or other sheltered situations, avoids shared bicycle in residential area or other hidden Cover in place and damaged;
Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user.VIP user Unlocked and checkout using cell phone application through administrative department's real name registration.Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will dock to it is attached Near bicycle diamond simultaneously carries out car locking registration checkout, is not settled accounts without registration car locking.VIP user can select through cell phone application " from keeping " pattern, the temporary transient non-registration checkout in bicycle diamond is not parked in after arriving at, is stopped after car locking more than setting The timing for starting after such as 1 hour time to park is put, the bicycle duty of super intendence is undertaken by the user, bicycle LED is every certain Time is glittering once red, it is allowed to locks and forbids other people to use, when the VIP user unlocks again to ride, meter is parked according to it When the time collect certain rent.It is not park bicycle diamond non-from storage modes user, then car locking is not settled accounts, it is desirable to is tied During account, cell phone application prompts the user correctly to park and otherwise undertakes bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continues to park setting time Afterwards, cell phone application is put on record through short message to the alarm of total station control.
Shared bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.Car plate below each shared bicycle vehicle seat indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and is sent by short message to mobile phone Special unlocking cipher, casual user can input password, and lock controller is unlocked to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, at this moment temporarily User can pull open lock use manually, and lock controller starts timing, shuts lock manually after arriving at registration, at this moment The normally open contact that car locking action is transferred to car locking switch through spring is allowed to closure prompting car locking, and lock controller is by special unlocking Password is deducted the reward time according to use state and counted with car information transmission to communication station by master station's bulk registration, total station control Calculation expense, clearing short message is sent to casual user, its expense is paid by telephone charge, unused reward bulk registration;Shared bicycle dress The mercoid switch group being made up of the mercoid switch by several different installment states, if casual user is not to ride but portable The registration of registration destination is reached, lock controller is according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Judge whether shared bicycle damages or ride, carry out the reward to telephone number casual user.Lock controller is periodically inquired about Capital equipment, it is found that damage or equipment are stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car are sent at cruiser Reason.Car changes fierce, the various forms of motion shapes of shared bicycle with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under state is drawn by testing, and is passed the information in case of stolen car lock controller to master station Controller alarm puts on record, total station control or send cruiser to crime the several registration controllers in periphery send inspection ask, look into Obtain case to dispatch a car movement locus, several periphery registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to the bluetooth signal intensity received Positioned according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further being dispatched a car according to case movement locus and receives Case dispatch a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car through Bluetooth signal send unlatching alarm vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends report Alert sound, cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is a kind of circuit structure block diagram of the shared bicycle system based on ZigBee.
(5) embodiment:
A kind of circuit structure block diagram of the shared bicycle system based on ZigBee as shown in figure 1, including Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, Registration controller, the ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16, the lock controller (B) of infrared calling mechanism and shared bicycle, fill in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ There are the ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and registration controller.Registration controller includes the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, non-Yi and loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5, infrared receipts Sending out 6 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 3 ﹚, the wherein ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 uses STC12C5A60S2, the ﹚ of infrared receiving/transmission Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 to be connected to list The I/O mouths of piece machine, and using the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions, will when STC12C5A60S2 sends data Non- Yi lose the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 and carry out data definition according to HCI-RS232 host-host protocols, pass through the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 RX/TX send data or order, the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 are wirelessly transferred using the microstrip antenna progress data carried;Receive Data are also to be transmitted by serial communication, save the data in non-Yi and lose in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 in case STC12C5A60S2 makees into one Step processing, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data.The ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16 include the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13, non-Yi and lose Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 14 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 15 ﹚, Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 ﹚ carry out serial ports using AT89C55 and the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 15 and are connected and by bluetooth mould The ﹚ of block ﹙ 15 enter row information with lock controller and exchanged.
It is fixed that lock controller (B) loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9 by the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8, non-Yi, the infrared transceiver device of shared bicycle is set Position is formed with the ﹚ of the infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚ and Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11.
The ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ use CC2530 modules, microcontroller in the registration controller of communication station The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Qi ﹙ 4 are communicated by its SPI interface with 8051 microprocessors in CC2530 modules, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 Also communicated by another SPI interface with the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, communication data is stored in non-Yi and lost in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5.In single-chip microcomputer Under STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and through total stand control The CC2530 modules of device are sent to total station control processing.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee, share bicycle and locked using keyboard password, unlocked with password or barcode scanning;Beat After the Quick Response Code barcode scanning for driving the shared bicycle of cell phone application alignment, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth and can unlocked manually, mobile phone APP starts timing, and when user arrives at car locking in place, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can be according to meter When the time settle accounts;It is characterized in that when frequently switching on lock for use for a long time, simple password can be set in cell phone application, with After lock controller makees barcode scanning unlocking communication, you can unlocked, arrived at described simple close after settling accounts with the simple password Code failure;When several personal collective's travelling cars, outdoor advertising propaganda team car etc. can use collective's car circle of a cell phone application Barcode scanning unlocking is made in face to each car respectively, while sets simple password, and it is shared to each single by Bluetooth of mobile phone to be finished car Car sends checkout and confirmed, after shutting, all simple password failures;
As the casual user of passerby or voluntary member can password unlocking entered from the keyboard, without install cell phone application can be right at any time The information that unregistered car or disabled vehicle are provided using mobile phone according to shared bicycle car plate is disorderly parked, electricity is dialed to total station control Words, phone end add shared bicycle number, and total station control replys unlocking cipher short message, and casual user can use password unlocking, this When shared bicycle if correct park registration refusal unlocked, correct stand when casual user will disorderly park car and register After car locking, lock controller record usage time and special purpose system, by registration controller and communication network to total station control Collect cumulative award or expense, master station is according to timing time, and car locking is registered with prize in setting time, more than setting time expense Deducted by telephone charge;
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication and total station control, Liang Ge communication stations are set respectively Put radio communication Zigbee module, Zigbee module timing realizes register information transmission with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets, At this moment the reception state of radio communication is kept, is carried out unidirectional information transfer by the order set, front communication station;Radio communication is adopted With CC2530 modules, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 passes through its SPI interface and CC2530 modules in the registration controller of communication station In 8051 microprocessors communicate, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 also communicated by another SPI interface with bluetooth module, communication data It is stored in nonvolatile storage;
System uses the 2.4GHz inverted F shaped antennas that TI companies design to increase communication distance;When the communication station number of setting is less, Under single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and passes through Total station control radio communication CC2530 modules are sent to total station control processing;
Communication station or installation registration controller or radio frequency communication station or infrared calling mechanism, registration control are set in bicycle diamond Bluetooth module is housed in device, lock controller is housed in shared bicycle, lock controller is equipped with bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared receipts Transmitting apparatus is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;In infrared transceiver device include by The infrared receiving/transmission probe that infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens are formed;
Radio frequency communication station is used for inconvenience and sets the road roadside of the narrow walkway of bicycle diamond to exchange the shared bicycle in riding Information;Radio frequency communication station is provided with microcontroller and bluetooth module, and wherein microcontroller uses AT89C55, and uses CC2541 The bluetooth module of chip, when the shared bicycle in riding enters the radio frequency communication station Bluetooth signal area of coverage, share bicycle bluetooth Module is waken up access piconet, and the shared bicycle into piconet exchanges with radio frequency communication station progress register information successively, steps on Shared bicycle bluetooth module after note information exchanges is placed in resting state;
Communication station or registration controller are set in the bicycle diamond in the major trunk roads roadside of business district, share the infrared receiving/transmission of bicycle Device sets positioning to be popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;Each registration controller infrared receiving/transmission alignment probe stops The positioning for putting a shared bicycle of position is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, and the infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared bicycle removes and registration controller It is outer to penetrating, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled with infrared There is unified setting height(from bottom) and position, to penetrating, accordingly to make left or right to bicycle or so for transmitting-receiving probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe Mark, its signal launched are not stopped by other bicycles;
In setting time after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily registration controller is arranged on road as main equipment, altogether Enjoy bicycle and sequentially enter diamond and sequentially park and make relay numbering registration, arbitrarily park, can not register to settle accounts;It is described to connect Power numbering registration refers to register by the corresponding shared bicycle of the infrared receiving/transmission probe on road, the shared bicycle after registration The left or right that relay infrared receiving/transmission is popped one's head in when again successfully to register receives, and to the right or left unregistered shared bicycle is numbered Registration, and registration and number information are transmitted, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last The shared bicycle successfully registered and numbered is waken up bluetooth module control in access main equipment labeled as relay car from resting state The piconet of system, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration after transmission, turns into the shared list of first registration and numbering Car, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared bicycle numbering by registration controller;Relay is registered and numbering process:First to Unregistered shared bicycle is waken up access piconet after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking into registration controller, by registering Controller sequentially distributes " new numbering " to each shared bicycle in piconet, is registered for infrared relay, after distributing new numbering Shared bicycle bluetooth module is placed in resting state, and then, registration controller is compiled to registered and numbering shared bicycle with it Number realize that registration controller and the register information of shared bicycle bluetooth module serial communication exchange for address, and registration controller All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared bicycle, are then address pair according to new numbering since relay car The new shared bicycle of numbering sequentially makees infrared relay registration after scan transponding;The infrared relay registration refers to after infrared registration Shared bicycle again successfully to register when relay infrared receiving/transmission probe left or right receive, to the right or left unregistered shared bicycle Make scan transponding registration, and transmit registration and number information, last is connect by the shared bicycle that relay is registered labeled as new Power car takes over former relay car, and is waken up access piconet from resting state, then by this it is all newly register and number it is shared Bicycle information is wirelessly transmitted to registration controller, and relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay of park mode completion and stepped on after transmission Note;Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information;It is right The new numbering that can not complete to register and number shares bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared bicycle;Its LED after each shared bicycle is successfully registered Lamp is glittering at regular intervals once green;
With the exception of this, the shared bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to believe registration controller bluetooth Unregistered shared bicycle is registered in number coverage, and registration controller is taken registers and number several batches of setting through relay Behind several intervals, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering:First in order of numbers is opened and stepped on The infrared transceiver device of one shared bicycle of numbering of note, numbered and serial number to be stepped on according to new to sharing bicycle in diamond Location, sequentially make infrared relay registration after scan transponding, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, stepped on until all The numbering of note operates completion;Finally by success in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering The shared bicycle of registration, cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering;
When shared bicycle and registration controller enter row information exchange, the registration controller of communication station receives the registration of each shared bicycle The register information being each collected into is carried out information exchange by information, other registration controllers with each shared bicycle;Register information bag The license number and its status of equipment of the shared bicycle that each registration controller being collected into section containing setting time is registered, using mould Formula, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and registration controller coding;Register information is sent to registration control by shared bicycle After device processed will the register information delete, each registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously passed by shared bicycle after arrangement Pass, collect through communication station to total station control;
In wide vacant lot, shared bicycle arrives first infrared transceiver device installation place before parking and is registered and numbered, depending on installing infrared receipts The position of transmitting apparatus and the maximum distance of diamond, car locking in the setting time between 30 seconds to 90 seconds is controlled in by lock controller Then registration is effective, and infrared calling mechanism exchanges register information with shared bicycle during registration, and infrared transceiver device is by single-chip microcomputer, non-easy Lose memory and infrared transceiver device is formed;
In the bicycle diamond of non-business district, daily first shared bicycle starts with being installed on the infrared calling mechanism in roadside Relay numbering registration is carried out, first shared bicycle being registered is arranged to main equipment after setting time, carries out as stated above Relay is registered and numbering and extension registration and numbering, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, based on the setting The shared bicycle of equipment is unlocked when riding away, and registration and number information are sent to infrared calling mechanism and be re-set as from setting Standby, the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and the shared bicycle of numbering, receives infrared transceiver device After registration and number information, it is arranged to main equipment and continues relay registration and numbering;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, and fashionable shared bicycle will Register information sends registration controller to, and registration controller sends register information to shared bicycle when going out;Or take in resident The bicycle diamond of Intra-cell or other sheltered situations installation probe;
Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user;VIP user is through pipe The real name registration of reason department is unlocked and checkout using cell phone application;Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will dock near Bicycle diamond simultaneously carries out car locking registration checkout, is not settled accounts without registration car locking;VIP user can select " self-insurance through cell phone application Pipe " pattern, the temporary transient non-registration checkout in bicycle diamond is not parked in after arriving at, the setting storage period is exceeded after car locking Starting the timing parked, the bicycle duty of super intendence is undertaken by the user, bicycle LED is glittering at regular intervals once red, Allow to lock and forbid other people to use, when the VIP user unlocks again to ride, park timing time according to it and collect certain rent Gold;It is not park bicycle diamond non-from storage modes user, then car locking is not settled accounts, it is desirable to when settling accounts, cell phone application prompting Otherwise the user, which correctly parks, undertakes bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue after parking setting time, cell phone application through short message to Total station control alarm is put on record;
Shared bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;Car plate below each shared bicycle vehicle seat indicates the car plate of the car Number and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, master station Controller receives license plate number and sends special unlocking cipher to mobile phone by short message, and casual user can input password, lock control Device processed is unlocked to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock use manually, and lock controller starts Timing, lock is shut manually after arriving at registration, at this moment car locking action is transferred to the normally open contact of car locking switch through spring Closure prompting car locking is allowed to, lock controller is by special unlocking cipher with car information transmission to communication station by the accumulative note of master station Record, total station control according to use state deduct reward time computational costs, to casual user send clearing short message, its expense by Telephone charge is paid, unused reward bulk registration;Shared bicycle is equipped with what is be made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states Mercoid switch group, if casual user be not ride but portable arrival registration destination registration, lock controller is according to itself Equipment fault detection and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judge whether shared bicycle damages or ride, and carry out to the electricity Talk about the reward of number casual user;Car changes fierce, shared list with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of car is drawn by testing, in case of stolen the control of car lock Device pass the information on to total station control alarm puts on record, total station control or send cruiser to crime periphery it is several registration control Device sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several periphery registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to reception The bluetooth signal intensity positioning arrived, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further dispatch a car and movement locus and connect according to case The case received is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, and most backward crime car sends unlatching alarm vocal command through Bluetooth signal, and case dispatches a car Alarm is sent, cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
A kind of 2. shared bicycle system based on ZigBee according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, Registration controller, the ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16, the lock controller (B) of infrared calling mechanism and shared bicycle, fill in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ There are the ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and registration controller;Registration controller includes the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4, non-Yi and loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5, infrared receipts Send out the ﹚ of 6 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 3;The data of reception are transmitted by serial communication, are saved the data in non-Yi and are lost the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 In;The ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16 include the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13, non-Yi and lose the ﹚ of 14 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 15, and the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 are used AT89C55 carries out serial ports connection and enters row information with lock controller by the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 to exchange with the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15;
Lock controller (B) loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9 by the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8, non-Yi, the infrared transceiver device of shared bicycle sets positioning to use The ﹚ of infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and relay are formed with the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚ and Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11;
The ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ use CC2530 modules, the ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 in the registration controller of communication station STC12C5A60S2 is communicated by its SPI interface with 8051 microprocessors in CC2530 modules, and single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 is also logical Cross another SPI interface to communicate with the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, communication data is stored in non-Yi and lost in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5;In single-chip microcomputer Under STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and through total stand control The CC2530 modules of device are sent to total station control processing.
CN201710622485.1A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of shared bicycle system based on ZigBee Pending CN107437307A (en)

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