CN107437304A - A kind of electric bicycle registers the shared system of user's association control automatically - Google Patents

A kind of electric bicycle registers the shared system of user's association control automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107437304A
CN107437304A CN201710622344.XA CN201710622344A CN107437304A CN 107437304 A CN107437304 A CN 107437304A CN 201710622344 A CN201710622344 A CN 201710622344A CN 107437304 A CN107437304 A CN 107437304A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
registration
electric bicycle
shared
numbering
controller
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CN201710622344.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710622344.XA priority Critical patent/CN107437304A/en
Publication of CN107437304A publication Critical patent/CN107437304A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00309Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with bidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/12Messaging; Mailboxes; Announcements
    • H04W4/14Short messaging services, e.g. short message services [SMS] or unstructured supplementary service data [USSD]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/80Services using short range communication, e.g. near-field communication [NFC], radio-frequency identification [RFID] or low energy communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • H04W64/006Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management with additional information processing, e.g. for direction or speed determination

Abstract

The present invention relates to the shared system that a kind of electric bicycle registers user's association control automatically, wherein shared electric bicycle is unlocked using barcode scanning, by way of communication station, radio frequency communication station, registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared electric bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by Zigbee radio communication modes, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, registration controller.

Description

A kind of electric bicycle registers the shared system of user's association control automatically
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to the shared system that a kind of electric bicycle registers user's association control automatically, wherein shared electric bicycle Unlocked using barcode scanning, by way of setting communication station, radio frequency communication station, registration controller or infrared calling mechanism, make to share Electric bicycle is realized parks registration, user's condominium and accessible positioning in order, and is networked by Zigbee radio communication modes, Realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared electric bicycle, registration controller.
(2) background technology:
Quietly there is the few shared electric bicycle of quantity in street corner, and they are neatly arranged being total in bicycle parking area Among enjoying bicycle,.What shared electric bicycle solved is 3 to 10 kilometers of trip requirements, and application method and shared bicycle Datong District are small It is different, label is provided with after each electric bicycle, includes Quick Response Code and car number on label, user can be by scanning Quick Response Code Mode unlock vehicle, ride so as to reach completion.The shared electric bicycle outward appearance that street corner occurs nearly all is electric motorcycle Car pattern, not possessing moveable endless and violate national regulations, speed is very fast, once driver behavior is improper, larger potential safety hazard be present, Easily trigger traffic accidents
According to existing national technical standard《Electric bicycle general technical specifications》Regulation:The design speed per hour of electric bicycle Within 20 kilometers, weight is no more than 40 kilograms containing battery, must possess foot-operated function of riding.But electric bicycle is by friendship Logical safety law belongs to non-motor vehicle, equally enjoys and power is travelled on road.Secondly, electric bicycle can meet to travel need at a distance Ask.Present city scope expansion is increasing, therefore shared electric bicycle is particularly suitable for tier 2 cities and the need of villages and towns in rural areas Ask.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared electric bicycle is locked using barcode scanning, and cell phone application enters shared electric bicycle and " uses " interface immediately, is aligned After shared electric bicycle Quick Response Code barcode scanning, mobile phone sends unlocking instruction by bluetooth, and user can unlock manually, cell phone application Start timing, must be registered in place when user arrives at car locking, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can be according to Timing time is settled accounts.After shared electric bicycle parks registration, register information is transmitted by shared electric bicycle, then by communicating Communication network of standing is sent to total station control.
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication and total station control, Liang Ge communication stations point Not She Zhi radio communication Zigbee module, Zigbee module timing realizes that register information passes with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets Pass, at this moment kept the reception state of radio communication by the order set, front communication station, carried out unidirectional information transfer.Radio frequency leads to Letter uses CC2530 modules, its integrated chip 2.4GHZ DSSS RF transceivers, 8051 micro- place of industrial stage enhancement type Manage device, ZigBee be low-power consumption, low data rate, low cost radio network technique, most generations of Zigbee protocol stack Code is all public, thus considerably increases the portability of project, its application layer characteristic information is stored in In ZigBee.def files, as a part for application development, this document setting is changed according to actual conditions.Communication station Charging registration controller in single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 led to by its SPI interface and 8051 microprocessors in CC2530 modules Letter, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 are also communicated by another SPI interface with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in non-volatile deposit In reservoir.
ZigBee supports FHSS, and communication station can be made effectively to avoid the band interference of itself, it is also possible to which it extends frequency Section avoids bluetooth interference, and supports the carrier wave multichannel of conflict avoidance to intercept technology, can also carry out transmission power, channel to module Deng the configuration of network topology parameters.Channel is arranged as required to during communication, and is arranged to transmitter mode or receiver mode, is System uses the 2.4GHz inverted F shaped antennas that TI companies design to increase communication distance.When the communication station number of setting is less, in monolithic Under machine STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and is controlled through master station Device radio communication CC2530 modules processed are sent to total station control processing.
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, F-Zero Less than 20 kilometers.Set in shared electric bicycle diamond communication station or the charging registration controller for installing electric bicycle or Radio frequency communication station or infrared calling mechanism.The registration controller that charges includes single-chip microcomputer, charge controller, nonvolatile storage, red Outer R-T unit and bluetooth module, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer are directly connected with bluetooth module.Zigbee module is included in communication station With charging registration controller, each communication station is uploaded to total station control after the register information being collected into is carried out into data processing, by Master station's monitoring control devices vehicle flowrate, and realize that shared electric bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order everywhere.Altogether Enjoy and controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device are housed in electric bicycle, controller for electric vehicle includes single-chip microcomputer, non-volatile memory Device, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and gsm module, infrared transceiver device are connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, two of single-chip microcomputer Serial port is directly connected with gsm module and bluetooth module respectively, and single-chip microcomputer is controlled to gsm module, real in a manner of SMS messaging Existing remote data is wirelessly transferred.It is infrared comprising being made up of infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens in infrared transceiver device Transmitting-receiving probe.The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and being fixed on the horseshoe lock of front wheel carrier and being connected. The mechanical electric door lock that unshared electric bicycle uses does not have to, and changes and is made up of relay and its drive circuit, its switching signal There is provided by single-chip microcomputer through I/O mouths, when user's car, controller for electric vehicle is believed after obtaining unlocking instruction to electric door lock transmission unlocking Number, the relay normally open contact for being series at storage battery power supply circuit closes, so as to substitute the key that unshared electric bicycle uses Spoon opens electric door lock, and the different conditions of shared electric bicycle are controlled by change-over switch.Controller for electric vehicle will also unlock simultaneously Signal is sent to horseshoe lock, and horseshoe lock is made up of common unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism, after being unlocked by controller for electric vehicle just Lock can be pulled open manually.Installation horseshoe lock is the anti-theft feature for strengthening electric bicycle.
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Output, so as to change power tube power output, and changed most according to the measurement data and speed setting value of digital speed meter High speed per hour.10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, When green hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers.It is shared it is electronic from The battery pack installation platinum resistance thermometer sensor, of driving, measures battery pack ambient temperature by A/D converter by controller for electric vehicle, works as temperature Fan for cooling is opened during more than 25 DEG C, when temperature more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output.
Radio frequency communication station is used for the road roadside of the narrow walkway in inconvenience setting bicycle parking area to the shared electricity in riding Dynamic bicycle exchanges information.Radio frequency communication station is provided with microcontroller, nonvolatile storage and bluetooth module, wherein microcontroller Led to using AT89C55, and using the bluetooth module of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions, AT89C55 and CC2541 chips by serial ports Letter transmission data, and save the data in nonvolatile storage with for further processing.Shared electrical salf-walking in riding When car enters the radio frequency communication station Bluetooth signal area of coverage, shared electric bicycle bluetooth module is waken up access piconet, enters The shared electric bicycle of piconet carries out register information with radio frequency communication station successively and exchanged, the shared electricity after register information exchange Dynamic bicycle bluetooth module is placed in resting state.
Indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule bicycle parking area set communication station or Charge registration controller, sets communication station to be used to form communication network, a charging registration controller fills including one or more Electric stake, the charge controller of charging pile are equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and with waterproof and full of power down function, more than 25 DEG C Shi Kaiqi fan for cooling is protected, and after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, delay is started to charge up and shown by LED for 10 minutes Charged state.When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection docks at charging pile position or against filling The electric tactic stand of stake, need not going charging not checkout and punishment of being withholdd during charging if voltameter is shown, Charging is gone to reward.Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, and charging pile is installed on by charging registration controller taking turn scanning Infrared transceiver device to access charging pile shared electric bicycle number registration.Hereafter by being connected to the shared electronic of charging pile Bicycle starts sequentially to make infrared relay numbering registration to resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile, arbitrarily parks then Can not register to settle accounts.The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning with infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with red Outer transmitting-receiving probe.Infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared emission two Level pipe determines with receiving the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with the experiment received.Shared electrical salf-walking The infrared receiving/transmission probe of car except outer to penetrating with charging pile, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or it is another fill one for identifying or Relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to Electric bicycle or so accordingly makees left or right mark to penetrating, and its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.In bluetooth network Network is formed under the support of algorithm, can be automatically composed an independent wireless network in a short period of time without other networks Hardware or the network facilities are supported.The operation of equipment in the LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet of bluetooth equipment, is synchronized to shared One group of equipment of clock and hopping pattern will share a physical radio channel, there is provided and the equipment of synchronous base is referred to as main equipment, All other equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link pipe Device protocol connection request data cell is managed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, entered Row parameter etc. is related to consult, and establishes asynchronous wireless connecting link and prepared for data transfer, if any it is multiple it is unnecessary it is active from Equipment will be notified that into park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In fixing time, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enter beside charging pile and sequentially parked, to be made relay numbering and steps on Note, the relay numbering registration refer to by the relay of the shared electric bicycle of charging pile registration with infrared receiving/transmission probe to storage Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts to register, the shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmits Registration and number information, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, and last is successfully registered It is waken up what bluetooth module in access main equipment controlled from resting state labeled as relay car with the shared electric bicycle of numbering Piconet, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays It is standby, after transmission relay car bluetooth module enter park mode complete relay numbering registration, turn into first registration and numbering be total to Electric bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller.Relay Registration and numbering process:First to having been enter into charging registration controller unregistered shared electricity after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking Dynamic bicycle is waken up access piconet, and each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new numbering ", is registered for infrared relay, and the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module distributed after new numbering is placed in resting state, Then, the registration controller that charges is compiled to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Number for address realize charging registration controller exchanged with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication, and All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering the shared electricity in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by charging registration controller Dynamic bicycle, it is then address to making after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since relay car Infrared relay registration.The infrared relay registration connects when referring to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right that power is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and Registration and number information are transmitted, last is taken over original labeled as new relay car by the shared electric bicycle that relay is registered and connect Power car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then this all shared electric bicycle for newly registering and numbering is believed Breath is wirelessly transmitted to charging registration controller, and relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion after transmission. Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information.Relay The purpose of registration and numbering is that the shared electric bicycle of requirement is sequentially parked, and the new numbering that can not complete to register and number is shared Electric bicycle, its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to share The license number of electric bicycle and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is every a timing after each shared electric bicycle is successfully registered Between it is glittering once green.
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to be stepped on to charging Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in note controller Bluetooth signal coverage, and charging registration controller is taken through connecing Behind the interval for several lot numbers that power is registered and numbering is set, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and Numbering:First in order of numbers opens the infrared of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered R-T unit, number and serial number address to be stepped on, sequentially make after scan transponding red according to new to sharing electric bicycle in diamond Outer relay registration, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until all registered numbering operations are completed. The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering, Cancel former relay car as new relay car and carry out relay registration and numbering, charging registration controller is total to registered and numbering Electric bicycle sequentially list is enjoyed to be easy to control.
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller of communication station connects The register information of each shared electric bicycle is received, other charging registration controllers will be each collected into each shared electric bicycle Register information carry out information exchange.Register information includes each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section and registered License number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and the telephone number of shared electric bicycle, enrollment time and charging Registration controller encodes.Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete Remove, each registration controller that charges is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement by shared electric bicycle transmission, through communication station to Total station control collects.
In the bicycle parking area of non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle is with being installed on the infrared of roadside Calling mechanism proceeds by relay numbering registration, and first shared electric bicycle being registered is arranged to main set after setting time It is standby, relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and numbering, its numbering of different main equipments make different marks Know, when the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being arranged to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared step on Note device is simultaneously re-set as slave unit, and the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and the shared electricity of numbering Dynamic bicycle, after the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, it is arranged to main equipment and continues relay registration and numbering, when Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during shared electric bicycle quantity deficiency, can also be worked as using pedal Ride to destination and award as bicycle.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatically to the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable Shared electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared electricity when going out Dynamic bicycle.Or take inside residential area or the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations installation probe, avoid shared electricity Dynamic bicycle is damaged in residential area or other sheltered situations;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user. VIP user rides technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, uses cell phone application to unlock and checkout.Shared electric bicycle is ridden Row will dock to neighbouring bicycle parking area and carry out car locking registration checkout after arriving at, be refused without registration car locking Checkout.VIP user can select " from keeping " pattern through cell phone application, and it is temporary transient not to be parked in bicycle parking area after arriving at Non-registration is settled accounts, when exceed after car locking the setting storage period such as 1 it is small when after start the timing parked, this is undertaken by the user and is total to Electric bicycle duty of super intendence is enjoyed, it is glittering at regular intervals once red to share electric bicycle LED, it is allowed to lock and prohibit Only other people use, and when the VIP user unlocks again to ride, park timing time according to it and collect certain rent.It is not to park certainly Drive a vehicle the non-from storage modes user of diamond, then car locking is not settled accounts, it is desirable to which when settling accounts, cell phone application prompts the user correct Park and otherwise undertake shared electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue after parking setting time, cell phone application through short message to Total station control alarm is put on record.
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates this The license plate number of car and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus board of mobile phone dialing Number, total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and by GSM using special Controller for electric vehicle from telephone number to shared electric bicycle send short message unlocking instruction, controller for electric vehicle is to unregistered Car or disabled vehicle are unlocked, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock use manually, and controller for electric vehicle starts timing restriction and ridden The row time, shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle sends short message, total stand control by GSM to total station control Device adds up usage time and awarded, and is sent to casual user and gets reward short message;Shared electric bicycle be equipped with by it is several not The mercoid switch group of the mercoid switch composition of same installment state, if casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to registration mesh Ground registration, controller for electric vehicle judges shared according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Whether electric bicycle damages or rides, and carries out the reward to telephone number casual user.Controller for electric vehicle is periodically inquired about Capital equipment, it is found that damage or equipment are stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car are sent at cruiser Reason.Car changes fierceness with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, and it is various forms of to share electric bicycle Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under motion state is drawn by testing, as short through GSM in stolen car controller for electric vehicle Believe and put on record to the alarm of total station control, checking in case by GSM nets dispatches a car general orientation, or sends cruiser to crime periphery is several and fill Electric registration controller sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controller timesharing and crime Car communicates, and is positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity received according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, enter Bluetooth signal intensity positioning that one step according to case dispatches a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car, most backward crime car through GSM message or Bluetooth signal sends unlatching alarm vocal command, and case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is a kind of circuit structure block diagram for the shared system that electric bicycle registers user's association control automatically.
(5) embodiment:
A kind of electric bicycle registers the circuit structure block diagram of the shared system of user's association control automatically as shown in figure 1, bag Include the electronic of Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charging registration controller, the ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle Vehicle controller (B), equipped with the ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚.The registration controller that charges includes micro- The control ﹚ of device ﹙ 4 processed, non-easily mistake deposit the ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 18, infrared receiving/transmission dress puts the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fills the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 5, wherein micro- The ﹚ of Kong Qi ﹙ 4 use STC12C5A60S2, the ﹚ of infrared receiving/transmission Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 to be connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and use CC2541 chip strings The ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 of mouth transparent transmission, when STC12C5A60S2 sends data, non-Yi are lost to the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 18 and pressed Data definition is carried out according to HCI-RS232 host-host protocols, data or order, bluetooth mould are sent by the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 RX/TX The ﹚ of Kuai ﹙ 3 carry out being wirelessly transferred for data using the microstrip antenna carried;The data of reception are also to be transmitted by serial communication, by number Lost according to non-Yi are stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 18 in case STC12C5A60S2 is for further processing, so as to complete Bluetooth wireless data Exchange.The ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16 include the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13, non-Yi and lose the ﹚ of 14 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 15, and the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 are adopted Serial ports is carried out with AT89C55 and the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 and is connected and enters row information by the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 and controller for electric vehicle to hand over Change.
Controller for electric vehicle (B) loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9 by the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8, non-Yi, the infrared receiving/transmission of shared electric bicycle fills Install the ﹚ of positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and the ﹚ of 10 ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 12, the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 11 Formed with the ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 17.
The ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ use CC2530 modules, micro-control in the charging registration controller of communication station The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Qi ﹙ 4 processed are communicated by its SPI interface with 8051 microprocessors in CC2530 modules, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 is also communicated by another SPI interface with the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, and communication data is stored in non-Yi and loses Cun Chu Qi ﹙ In 5 ﹚.Under single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, And the CC2530 modules through total station control are sent to total station control processing.
The ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 11 in controller for electric vehicle (B) use chip TC35i, chip TC35i collection radio circuit and base Band supports AT Command Set, wherein containing the control to SMS, single-chip microcomputer refers to by sending a series of AT to gsm module in one Order, complete the initialization to gsm module and the ﹚ of ﹙ 1 and total station control progress receiving short message are netted by GSM.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of electric bicycle registers the shared system of user's association control automatically, share electric bicycle and locked using barcode scanning, mobile phone APP enters shared electric bicycle and " uses " interface immediately, and after being directed at shared electric bicycle Quick Response Code barcode scanning, mobile phone passes through indigo plant Tooth sends unlocking instruction, and user can unlock manually, and cell phone application starts timing, it is characterized in that, when user arrives at car locking Need to register in place, car locking switch motion record lock state, user can settle accounts according to timing time;Shared electric bicycle stops After putting registration, register information is transmitted by shared electric bicycle, then total station control is sent to by communication station network;
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication and total station control, Liang Ge communication stations are set respectively Put radio communication Zigbee module, Zigbee module timing realizes register information transmission with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets, At this moment the reception state of radio communication is kept, is carried out unidirectional information transfer by the order set, front communication station;Radio communication is adopted With CC2530 modules, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 passes through its SPI interface and CC2530 modules in the registration controller of communication station In 8051 microprocessors communicate, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 also communicated by another SPI interface with bluetooth module, communication data It is stored in nonvolatile storage;
System uses the 2.4GHz inverted F shaped antennas that TI companies design to increase communication distance;When the communication station number of setting is less, Under single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and passes through Total station control radio communication CC2530 modules are sent to total station control processing;
Shared electric bicycle is provided with intelligent speed-limiting device and digital speed meter, and possesses moveable endless, it is shared it is electronic from Driving diamond sets communication station or the charging registration controller for installing electric bicycle or radio frequency communication station or infrared registration dress Put;Charging registration controller includes bluetooth module, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;It is equipped with communication station Zigbee module and charging registration controller, share in electric bicycle and controller for electric vehicle and intelligent speed-limiting device are housed, electronic Vehicle controller is equipped with bluetooth module and gsm module, and infrared transceiver device is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the dual serial of single-chip microcomputer Mouth is directly connected with gsm module and bluetooth module respectively, is included in infrared transceiver device by infrared transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube And the infrared receiving/transmission probe that lens are formed;The I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer are respectively with the electric door lock of shared electric bicycle and before being fixed on The horseshoe lock connection of wheel carrier;The mechanical electric door lock that unshared electric bicycle uses does not have to, and changes by relay and its driving electricity Road is formed, and its switching signal is provided by single-chip microcomputer through I/O mouths, and when user's car, it is backward to obtain unlocking instruction for controller for electric vehicle Electric door lock sends unlocking signal, is series at the relay normally open contact closure of storage battery power supply circuit, shares electric bicycle Different conditions are controlled by change-over switch;Unlocking signal is also sent to horseshoe lock by controller for electric vehicle simultaneously, and horseshoe lock is by common Unlocking motor and unlocking mechanism composition, can pulls open lock manually after being unlocked by controller for electric vehicle;
Intelligent speed-limiting device is to pass through the defeated of MCU control PWM circuit by controller for electric vehicle in shared electric bicycle Go out, so as to change power tube power output, and when changing highest according to the measurement data and speed setting value of digital speed meter Speed;10 to 15 kilometers are limited at according to registration website road congested conditions F-Zero in setting time of trip, works as life Hand ride or road it is crowded occur riding speed change greatly when, F-Zero is limited at 8 to 12 kilometers;Shared electric bicycle Battery pack installation platinum resistance thermometer sensor, by controller for electric vehicle by A/D converter measure battery pack ambient temperature, when temperature exceedes Fan for cooling is opened at 25 DEG C, when temperature more than 50 DEG C of alarms and reduces cell stack power output;
Radio frequency communication station be used for inconvenience set bicycle parking area narrow walkway road roadside in riding it is shared it is electronic oneself Driving exchanges information;Radio frequency communication station is provided with microcontroller, nonvolatile storage and bluetooth module, and wherein microcontroller uses AT89C55, and CC2541 chip bluetooth modules are used, the shared electric bicycle in riding is believed into radio frequency communication station bluetooth During number area of coverage, shared electric bicycle bluetooth module is waken up access piconet, into the shared electric bicycle of piconet Carry out register information with radio frequency communication station successively to exchange, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module after register information exchanges is placed in not Dormancy state;
Communication station or charging registration controller, a charging registration are set in the bicycle parking area in the major trunk roads roadside of business district Controller includes one or more charging piles, and the charge controller of charging pile is equipped with thermistor temperature detecting device, and has waterproof Fan for cooling protection is opened with full of power down function, during more than 25 DEG C, after shared electric bicycle accesses charging pile, is delayed 10 Minute starts to charge up and shows charged state by LED;When shared electric bicycle is parked, voltameter on user Yi Qiche, selection Dock at charging pile position or against the tactic stand of charging pile, need not go to fill during charging if voltameter is shown Electricity not checkout and punishment of being withholdd, goes charging to reward;Each charging pile is respectively mounted infrared transceiver device, by charging registration control Device wheel patrols shared electric bicycle numbering registration of the infrared transceiver device to access charging pile that scanning is installed on charging pile;Hereafter It is infrared to sequentially making resting in the shared electric bicycle beside charging pile by the shared electric bicycle for being connected to charging pile Relay numbering registration, is arbitrarily parked, can not register to settle accounts;The infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle sets positioning Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;The infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared electric bicycle is removed with charging pile to penetrating Outside, at the top of rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay infrared receiving/transmission being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled Probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe have unified setting height(from bottom) and position to electric bicycle or so to penetrating, it is corresponding make it is left or Right mark, its signal launched are not stopped by other bicycles;
During setting after the far infrared transceiver starting that daily charging registration controller is arranged on charging pile as main equipment In, shared electric bicycle, which is sequentially ingressed into charging pile registration or enters beside charging pile sequentially to park, makees relay numbering registration, The relay numbering registration refers to that the relay infrared receiving/transmission of the shared electric bicycle by charging pile registration is popped one's head in depositing in Shared electric bicycle beside charging pile starts to register, the shared electric bicycle after registration again successfully to register when relay use The left or right of infrared receiving/transmission probe receives, and to the right or registration is numbered in left unregistered shared electric bicycle, and transmits and step on Note and number information, to the last can not to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last successfully registered and Numbering shared electric bicycle labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control it is micro- Microgrid, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration after transmission, turns into the shared electricity of first registration and numbering Dynamic bicycle, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared electric bicycle numbering by charging registration controller;Relay is registered With numbering process:First to have been enter into charging registration controller after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking it is unregistered it is shared it is electronic from Driving is waken up access piconet, each shared electric bicycle in piconet is sequentially distributed by charging registration controller " new Numbering ", registered for infrared relay, the shared electric bicycle bluetooth module distributed after new numbering is placed in resting state, connects , charging registration controller is numbered to registered and numbering the shared electric bicycle registered and numbered including charging pile with it Realize that charging registration controller exchanges with the register information of shared electric bicycle bluetooth module serial communication for address, and fill All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared electronic in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered by electric registration controller Bicycle, it is then that address is red to making after the shared electric bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding according to new numbering since relay car Outer relay registration;Relay when the infrared relay registration refers to the shared electric bicycle after infrared registration again successfully to register The left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission receives, and to the right or left unregistered shared electric bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and passes Registration and number information are passed, last takes over former relay by the shared electric bicycle that relay is registered labeled as new relay car Car, and access piconet is waken up from resting state, then by this all shared electric bicycle information for newly registering and numbering Charging registration controller is wirelessly transmitted to, relay car bluetooth module enters the infrared relay registration of park mode completion after transmission;This Second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay registration of each batch weight later and numbering afterwards, so go round and begin again and constantly update register information;To can not The new numbering for completing registration and numbering shares electric bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared electric bicycle;Each shared electric bicycle into Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after work(registration;
With the exception of this, the shared electric bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to charging registration control Unregistered shared electric bicycle is registered in device Bluetooth signal coverage processed, and charging registration controller is taken to be stepped on through relay Behind the interval of note and several lot numbers of numbering setting, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering: First in order of numbers opens the infrared receiving/transmission of the registered shared electric bicycle of a numbering in addition to charging pile is registered and is numbered Device, numbered and serial number address to be stepped on according to new to sharing electric bicycle in diamond, sequentially make infrared connect after scan transponding Power register, after the completion of enter it is next it is registered numbering operation, until it is all it is registered numbering operation complete;Extending The shared electric bicycle finally successfully registered in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in registration and numbering, as New relay car cancels former relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;
When shared electric bicycle and charging registration controller enter row information exchange, the charging registration controller reception of communication station is each The register information of shared electric bicycle, other charging registration controllers are stepped on each shared electric bicycle by what is be each collected into Remember that information carries out information exchange;Register information is total to comprising what each charging registration controller being collected into setting time section was registered Enjoy license number and its status of equipment, use pattern, user type and telephone number, the enrollment time and charging registration of electric bicycle Coding of controls;Shared electric bicycle by register information be sent to after charging registration controller will the register information delete, Each charging registration controller is deleted after the register information repeated and arrangement by shared electric bicycle transmission, through communication station to master station Controller collects;
In the bicycle parking area of non-business district, daily first shared electric bicycle and the infrared registration for being installed on roadside Device proceeds by relay numbering registration, and first shared electric bicycle being registered is arranged to main equipment after setting time, Relay registration and numbering and extension registration are carried out as stated above and numbering, its numbering of different main equipments make different marks, When the shared electric bicycle unlocking for being arranged to main equipment is ridden away, send registration and number information to infrared registration and fill Put and be re-set as slave unit, next be installed on roadside infrared transceiver device register and numbering it is shared it is electronic oneself Drive a vehicle, after the registration and the number information that receive infrared transceiver device, be arranged to main equipment and continue relay registration and numbering, when shared Its information is transferred to master station by electric bicycle and handled during electric bicycle quantity deficiency, can also use pedal as list Car is ridden to destination and awarded;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared electric bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represent to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared Electric bicycle sends register information to registration controller, when going out registration controller by register information send to it is shared it is electronic from Driving;Or take inside residential area or the bicycle parking area of other sheltered situations installation probe;
Shared electric bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user;VIP is used Family is ridden technology through the registration examination of administrative department real name, uses cell phone application to unlock and checkout;Shared electric bicycle is ridden arrival Neighbouring bicycle parking area will be docked to behind destination and carries out car locking registration checkout, without the not checkout of registration car locking; VIP user can select " from keeping " pattern through cell phone application, not be parked in the temporary transient non-registration in bicycle parking area after arriving at Checkout, exceeding the setting storage period after car locking starts the timing parked, and shared electric bicycle keeping is undertaken by the user Obligation, it is glittering at regular intervals once red to share electric bicycle LED, it is allowed to lock and forbid other people to use, when this VIP user unlocks again when riding, and parks timing time according to it and collects certain rent;Be not park bicycle parking area it is non-from Storage modes user, then car locking not settle accounts, it is desirable to when settling accounts, cell phone application prompt the user correctly park otherwise undertake it is shared Electric bicycle custodial responsibility and fine, such as continue after parking setting time, cell phone application is alarmed standby through short message to total station control Case;
Shared electric bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;The car plate of each shared electric bicycle indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number and uses controller for electric vehicle of the special telephone number to shared electric bicycle by GSM Short message unlocking instruction is sent, controller for electric vehicle is unlocked to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can draw manually Drive to lock and use, controller for electric vehicle starts timing restriction and ridden the time, is shut after arriving at registration, controller for electric vehicle Short message is sent to total station control by GSM, total station control adds up usage time and awarded, sends and get to casual user Reward short message;Shared electric bicycle is equipped with the mercoid switch group being made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states, such as Fruit casual user is not to ride but be transported to up to the registration of registration destination, and controller for electric vehicle is according to equipment of itself fault detect Judge whether shared electric bicycle damages or ride with mercoid switch group on off state changing rule, carry out to the telephone number The reward of casual user;Car changes fierce, shared electrical salf-walking with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of car is drawn by testing, in case of stolen car electric car control Device processed is put on record through GSM message to the alarm of total station control, and checking in case by GSM nets dispatches a car general orientation, or sends cruiser to crime The several charging registration controllers in ground periphery send inspection request, discover and seize case and dispatch a car movement locus, several peripheries charging registration controls Device timesharing is dispatched a car with case to communicate, and is positioned according to the bluetooth signal intensity that receives, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, Further according to case dispatch a car movement locus and the case that receives is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car is through GSM message Or Bluetooth signal sends unlatching alarm vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends alarm, and cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
2. a kind of electric bicycle registers the shared system of user's association control automatically according to claim 1, it is characterised in that bag Include the electronic of Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, charging registration controller, the ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16, infrared calling mechanism and shared electric bicycle Vehicle controller (B), equipped with the ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and charging registration controller in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚;The registration controller that charges includes micro- The control ﹚ of device ﹙ 4 processed, non-easily mistake deposit the ﹚ of storage device ﹙ 18, infrared receiving/transmission dress puts the ﹚ of ﹙ 6, the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 3 and fills the ﹚ of electric controller ﹙ 5;Receive Data are transmitted by serial communication, are saved the data in non-Yi and are lost in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 18;The ﹚ of radio communication Zhan ﹙ 16 include Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of 14 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 15, and the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 13 are gone here and there using the ﹚ of AT89C55 and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 15 Mouth connects and enters row information with controller for electric vehicle by the blue ﹚ of tooth mould block ﹙ 15 and exchanges;
Controller for electric vehicle (B) loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9 by the ﹚ of Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8, non-Yi, the infrared transceiver device of shared electric bicycle is set Put the ﹚ of the positioning infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and ﹚ of 10 ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 12, the ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 11 and storage The ﹚ of battery Chong electricity electricity Lu ﹙ 17 are formed;
The ﹚ of Zigbee Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ use CC2530 modules, microcontroller in the charging registration controller of communication station The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Qi ﹙ 4 are communicated by its SPI interface with 8051 microprocessors in CC2530 modules, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 Also communicated by another SPI interface with the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, communication data is stored in non-Yi and lost in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5;In single-chip microcomputer Under STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station realizes networking by radio communication between communication station, and through total stand control The CC2530 modules of device are sent to total station control processing;
The ﹚ of GSM Mo Kuai ﹙ 11 in controller for electric vehicle (B) use chip TC35i, and single-chip microcomputer sends a series of AT to gsm module Instruction, the ﹚ of ﹙ 1 are netted by GSM and total station control carries out receiving short message.
CN201710622344.XA 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of electric bicycle registers the shared system of user's association control automatically Pending CN107437304A (en)

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CN106878953A (en) * 2017-04-06 2017-06-20 广州神勇科技有限公司 A kind of lock application system and lock service implementation method
CN106934904A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-07 乐享智行(天津)科技合伙企业(有限合伙) Intelligent bicycle lock and its system of hiring a car based on satellite fix of application
CN106945778A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-07-14 安徽理工大学 A kind of shared electric bicycle

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105023364A (en) * 2015-07-13 2015-11-04 长安大学 Public bike interlocking rental system based on GPS positioning
CN105216909A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-01-06 谢瑞初 Self-service orderly stopping system
CN106355772A (en) * 2016-10-12 2017-01-25 杭州行我行网络有限公司 Smart coded lock and system for bicycle and operation method thereof
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Application publication date: 20171205