CN107418040A - A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor - Google Patents

A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107418040A
CN107418040A CN201710444578.XA CN201710444578A CN107418040A CN 107418040 A CN107418040 A CN 107418040A CN 201710444578 A CN201710444578 A CN 201710444578A CN 107418040 A CN107418040 A CN 107418040A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
resistance
lldep
retardant
wheat straw
glass microballoon
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710444578.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张继兵
王双民
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安徽淮宿建材有限公司
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Application filed by 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 filed Critical 安徽淮宿建材有限公司
Priority to CN201710444578.XA priority Critical patent/CN107418040A/en
Publication of CN107418040A publication Critical patent/CN107418040A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L23/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • C08L23/02Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers not modified by chemical after-treatment
    • C08L23/04Homopolymers or copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/08Copolymers of ethene
    • C08L23/0807Copolymers of ethene with unsaturated hydrocarbons only containing more than three carbon atoms
    • C08L23/0815Copolymers of ethene with aliphatic 1-olefins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/10Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite tiles, hardboard, or with a top layer of other materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/02Elements
    • C08K2003/026Phosphorus
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/20Oxides; Hydroxides
    • C08K3/22Oxides; Hydroxides of metals
    • C08K2003/2217Oxides; Hydroxides of metals of magnesium
    • C08K2003/2224Magnesium hydroxide
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/20Oxides; Hydroxides
    • C08K3/22Oxides; Hydroxides of metals
    • C08K2003/2227Oxides; Hydroxides of metals of aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor, raw material is made up of following parts by weight:LLDEP 25~30, recycled plastic master batch 15~25, glass microballoon 1~3, Wheat Straw 25~35, acetic acid 4~10, compatilizer 1~3, lubricant 2~4, antioxidant 0.4~0.8, ultra-violet absorber 0.3~0.5, mould inhibitor 0.4~0.6, red phosphorus 1.0~2.0, magnesium hydroxide 8~12, aluminium hydroxide 25~35, phosphate 2~4, pigment 0.3~0.5.It is of the invention to be fully modified and promote material to mix, with the fire-retardant synchronization of organic-inorganic, it is ensured that flame retardant effect simultaneously keeps overall pliability, the addition of LLDEP and glass microballoon, effectively raise the final high-wear resistance for preparing floor, resistance to compression simultaneously, shock resistance, acid-alkali-corrosive-resisting, anti-oxidant, anti-light photograph, it is fire-retardant, service life length, environmental protection and energy saving.

Description

A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Wood-plastic floor, more particularly to a kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor.
Background technology
In recent years, gradual deficient and " white pollution " of timber resources constantly deteriorates, the protection of ecological environment increasingly by To attention, the development of wood floors is faced with severe tests, and this provides wide market environment for the development of Wood-plastic floor, by To use a kind of novel environment friendly based plate made of wood plastic composite in Wood-plastic floor, not only the processing characteristics with timber and The characteristics such as the water-fast of woodiness touch, also plastics, anti-corrosion, based on the characteristics of green, fashion is attractive in appearance, finishing is convenient, wood-plastic board Progress into the finishing in outdoor park and house, still, existing Wood-plastic floor contradiction in intensity and toughness, such as add carbon Sour calcium, cause product hard and urge, be unfavorable for transporting and install, and product has problem on fire protection flame retarding.
Substitute wood floors, it is desirable to which for Wood-plastic floor in raw material using upper more environmentally friendly, the floor produced has resistance to compression energy Power, pliability and intensity have both, while surface needs that the surface smoothness on floor could be kept with high-wear resistance, and need There is the characteristic of fire protection flame retarding, existing Wood-plastic floor can not meet above-mentioned requirements in the combination property of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant.
The content of the invention
In order to solve problem present in current techniques, it is an object of the invention to provide one kind using salvage material and to discard Thing production, there is the flame-retardant wood-plastic floor that resistance to compression, high abrasion, pliability and intensity have both.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technology used in the present invention means are:A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor, raw material by Following parts by weight composition:LLDEP 25~30, recycled plastic master batch 15~25, glass microballoon 1~3, Wheat Straw 25~35, vinegar Acid 4~10, compatilizer 1~3, lubricant 2~4, antioxidant 0.4~0.8, ultra-violet absorber 0.3~0.5, mould inhibitor 0.4~ 0.6th, red phosphorus 1.0~2.0, magnesium hydroxide 8~12, aluminium hydroxide 25~35, phosphate 2~4, pigment 0.3~0.5.
Further, the preparation method of the environmental protection flame retardant Wood-plastic floor, comprises the steps:
First, Wheat Straw is crushed, crosses 60~80 mesh sieves, added acetic acid and be well mixed, stand 5~7d, be then dried for standby;
2nd, LLDEP master batches, recycled plastic master batch are mixed with the Wheat Straw powder after step 1 processing, it is equal adds compatilizer stirring It is even;
3rd, into the mixed material of step 2 add glass microballoon, lubricant, antioxidant, ultra-violet absorber, mould inhibitor, Red phosphorus, magnesium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, phosphate, pigment, it is sent into comminutor and is granulated after stirring;
4th, the material after step 3 is granulated is sent into extruder, and it is 200~215 DEG C to set extruder temperature, extrusion molding;
5th, the sheet material water-spraying control for extruding step 4.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Wheat Straw powder is soaked using acetic acid, then mixed with LLDEP, recycled plastic master batch Close, and add compatilizer, be fully modified and promote material to mix, glass microballoon, magnesium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, red phosphorus, phosphate With the fire-retardant synchronization of organic-inorganic, it is ensured that flame retardant effect, and the addition of glass microballoon, aluminium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide improves product Intensity, and overall pliability is kept, the addition of LLDEP and glass microballoon, effectively raise the high resistance to of final preparation floor Performance, while resistance to compression are ground, shock resistance, acid-alkali-corrosive-resisting, anti-oxidant, anti-light photograph is fire-retardant, service life length;Using recycled plastic Master batch and Wheat Straw are primary raw material, environmental protection and energy saving.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor, raw material are made up of following parts by weight:LLDEP 25~30, recycled plastic master batch 15 ~25, glass microballoon 1~3, Wheat Straw 25~35, acetic acid 4~10, compatilizer 1~3, lubricant 2~4, antioxidant 0.4~ 0.8th, ultra-violet absorber 0.3~0.5, mould inhibitor 0.4~0.6, red phosphorus 1.0~2.0, magnesium hydroxide 8~12, aluminium hydroxide 25 ~35, phosphate 2~4, pigment 0.3~0.5.
, it is necessary to consider influence of the high-abrasive material to characteristics such as fire-retardant, resistance to compression, shock resistances in the dispensing of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant, Need exist for paying special attention to the addition of material usage, because the composition of recycled plastic master batch is mainly polyethylene, add glass During microballon, material can be directly resulted in become fragile and be hardened, and add a certain amount of LLDEP and change the addition of Wheat Straw, can solve Certainly this problem, and cause material that there is high-wear resistance.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of the environmental protection flame retardant Wood-plastic floor, comprises the steps:
First, Wheat Straw is crushed, crosses 60~80 mesh sieves, added acetic acid and be well mixed, stand 5~7d, be then dried for standby;
2nd, recycled plastic master batch is mixed with the Wheat Straw powder after step 1 processing, adds compatilizer and stir;
3rd, lubricant, antioxidant, ultra-violet absorber, mould inhibitor, red phosphorus, hydrogen-oxygen are added into the mixed material of step 2 Change magnesium, aluminium hydroxide, phosphate, pigment, be sent into comminutor and be granulated after stirring;
4th, the material after step 3 is granulated is sent into extruder, and it is 200~215 DEG C to set extruder temperature, extrusion molding;
5th, the sheet material water-spraying control for extruding step 4.
For the sheet material produced, the follow-up works such as sanding, embossing can be carried out according to the demand of client.
Embodiment 3
As the further restriction of embodiment 1, a kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor, raw material is made up of following parts by weight:LLDEP 26th, recycled plastic master batch 20, glass microballoon 2.5, Wheat Straw 32, acetic acid 9, compatilizer 2.2, lubricant 3, antioxidant 0.6, purple Ultraviolet absorbers 0.4, mould inhibitor 0.5, red phosphorus 1.5, magnesium hydroxide 10, aluminium hydroxide 30, phosphate 3, pigment 0.4.
The present embodiment is most preferred embodiment, soaks Wheat Straw powder using acetic acid, is then mixed with LLDEP, recycled plastic master batch Close, and add compatilizer, be fully modified and promote material to mix, glass microballoon, magnesium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, red phosphorus, phosphate With the fire-retardant synchronization of organic-inorganic, it is ensured that flame retardant effect, and the addition of glass microballoon, aluminium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide improves product Intensity, and overall pliability is kept, the addition of LLDEP and glass microballoon, effectively raise the high resistance to of final preparation floor Performance, while resistance to compression are ground, shock resistance, acid-alkali-corrosive-resisting, anti-oxidant, anti-light photograph is fire-retardant, service life length;Using recycled plastic Master batch and Wheat Straw are primary raw material, environmental protection and energy saving.
Application embodiment is only intended to illustrate technical characteristic disclosed in the present application, and those skilled in the art pass through simple Carried out change is replaced, still falls within the scope that the application is protected.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor, raw material are made up of following parts by weight:LLDEP 25~30, recycled plastic master batch 15~25, glass microballoon 1~3, Wheat Straw 25~35, acetic acid 4~10, compatilizer 1~3, lubricant 2~4, antioxidant 0.4~ 0.8th, ultra-violet absorber 0.3~0.5, mould inhibitor 0.4~0.6, red phosphorus 1.0~2.0, magnesium hydroxide 8~12, aluminium hydroxide 25 ~35, phosphate 2~4, pigment 0.3~0.5.
2. the preparation method of environmental protection flame retardant Wood-plastic floor according to claim 1, step are as follows:
First, Wheat Straw is crushed, crosses 60~80 mesh sieves, added acetic acid and be well mixed, stand 5~7d, be then dried for standby;
2nd, LLDEP master batches, recycled plastic master batch are mixed with the Wheat Straw powder after step 1 processing, it is equal adds compatilizer stirring It is even;
3rd, into the mixed material of step 2 add glass microballoon, lubricant, antioxidant, ultra-violet absorber, mould inhibitor, Red phosphorus, magnesium hydroxide, aluminium hydroxide, phosphate, pigment, it is sent into comminutor and is granulated after stirring;
4th, the material after step 3 is granulated is sent into extruder, and it is 200~215 DEG C to set extruder temperature, extrusion molding;
5th, the sheet material water-spraying control for extruding step 4.
3. environmental protection flame retardant Wood-plastic floor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Raw material is made up of following parts by weight: LLDEP 26, recycled plastic master batch 20, glass microballoon 2.5, Wheat Straw 32, acetic acid 9, compatilizer 2.2, lubricant 3, antioxidant 0.6th, ultra-violet absorber 0.4, mould inhibitor 0.5, red phosphorus 1.5, magnesium hydroxide 10, aluminium hydroxide 30, phosphate 3, pigment 0.4.
CN201710444578.XA 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor CN107418040A (en)

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CN201710444578.XA CN107418040A (en) 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710444578.XA CN107418040A (en) 2017-06-13 2017-06-13 A kind of high-wear-resistance and flame-retardant Wood-plastic floor

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103627195A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-12 大连环美科技集团有限公司 High-wear-resistance wood-plastic floor board and preparation method thereof
CN106380888A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-08 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 Method for preparing wood plastic products from straws and recycled plastics
CN106497117A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-15 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 A kind of environmental protection flame retardant Wood-plastic floor and preparation method thereof
CN106519726A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-03-22 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 Preparation method for flame-retardant wood-plastic product

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103627195A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-12 大连环美科技集团有限公司 High-wear-resistance wood-plastic floor board and preparation method thereof
CN106380888A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-02-08 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 Method for preparing wood plastic products from straws and recycled plastics
CN106497117A (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-03-15 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 A kind of environmental protection flame retardant Wood-plastic floor and preparation method thereof
CN106519726A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-03-22 安徽淮宿建材有限公司 Preparation method for flame-retardant wood-plastic product

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Application publication date: 20171201