CN107417104A - A kind of pottery moon white glaze and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of pottery moon white glaze and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107417104A
CN107417104A CN201710373002.9A CN201710373002A CN107417104A CN 107417104 A CN107417104 A CN 107417104A CN 201710373002 A CN201710373002 A CN 201710373002A CN 107417104 A CN107417104 A CN 107417104A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
glaze
white glaze
pottery
moon white
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CN201710373002.9A
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燕俊峰
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燕俊峰
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pottery moon white glaze and preparation method thereof, the pottery moon white glaze is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:43 48 parts of melilite, 13 19 parts of calcite, 15 21 parts of quartz, 23 parts of tin oxide, 2.5 3.5 parts of talcum of burning, 0.9 1.1 parts of zirconium silicate, 1.5 2.5 parts of zinc oxide, 1.5 2.5 parts of tourmaline.The preparation method of described pottery moon white glaze comprises the following steps:(1)Above-mentioned raw materials plus water are mixed, ball milling, obtain glaze slip;(2)Glazing;(3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1,280 1300 DEG C.The beneficial effects of the present invention are by adding tin oxide, zinc oxide and zirconium silicate industrial chemicals in traditional raw material, its yield rate is set to be improved by original less than 50% to more than 80%;Product can be made slowly to discharge anion to surrounding environment by adding tourmaline, play certain antibacterial and deodorization.

Description

A kind of pottery moon white glaze and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of glaze, and in particular to a kind of pottery moon white glaze.
Background technology
Pottery is one of five big kiln porcelain of China's Song Dynasty, is renown far and wide with the transmutation art of uniqueness in generation, creates many Model's works in ancient pottery and porcelain technique history, it is known as " the valuable an ancient unit of weight of gold is priceless " and " there is ten thousand strings of cash in family, not as one U.S. of pottery Reputation ", is the exclusive national treasure porcelain in Yuzhou City god Hou towns." moon white glaze " its glaze colours in an ancient unit of weight kiln coloured glaze is thin compared with celeste glaze, still Pure white clear such as moonlight, enamel is bright and clean moist, and formation and the composition of raw materials and burning process of glaze colours have much relations.The pottery moon The tradition of white glaze is fired due to using natural crystal as primary raw material, various problems such as glaze paint drying shrinkage is easily occurred, is gone out during firing Pinprick etc., cause its yield rate less than 50%, and can improve above mentioned problem by adding some industrial chemicals, improve yield rate, so And the use of industrial chemicals causes the problem of new, human body health and pollution environment are such as endangered.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is that provides a kind of high yield rate to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, is good for beneficial to human body The pottery moon white glaze of health.
The purpose of the present invention is realized with following technical proposals:
A kind of pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Melilite 43-48 parts, calcite 13-19 parts, stone English 15-21 parts, tin oxide 2-3 parts, burn talcum 2.5-3.5 parts, zirconium silicate 0.9-1.1 parts, zinc oxide 1.5-2.5 parts, tourmaline 1.5-2.5 part.
Preferably, described pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:45 parts of melilite, calcite 16 parts, quartz 18 parts, 2.5 parts of tin oxide, burn 3 parts of talcum, 1 part of zirconium silicate, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of tourmaline.
The preparation method of described pottery moon white glaze, comprises the following steps:
(1)Above-mentioned raw materials plus water are mixed, ball milling, obtain glaze slip;
(2)Glazing;
(3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1280-1300 DEG C.
Preferably, the preparation method step of described pottery moon white glaze(3)Middle firing process specifically comprises the following steps:① The heat of oxidation:Base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, is fired under oxidizing atmosphere, temperature is ramped up 900-950 DEG C in 2-3h; 2. under reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1280-1300 DEG C in 4-5h;3. under reducing atmosphere, in 1280-1300 DEG C of bar 2-4h is kept under part;4. being cooled to room temperature, it is made.
The present invention compared with prior art, by scientific and reasonable raw material proportioning and control burning process, improves bluish white The yield rate of glaze, and the moon white glaze glaze colours that firing obtains is pure pure white, rich in texture.By in traditional raw material melilite, side Tin oxide, zinc oxide and zirconium silicate industrial chemicals are added in Xie Shi, quartz, improves bluish white glaze firing manufactured goods rate, its yield rate Improved by original less than 50% to more than 80%;Product can be made slowly to discharge anion to surrounding environment by adding tourmaline, Certain antibacterial and deodorization are played, beneficial to human body health.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Melilite 43-48 parts, calcite 13-19 parts, stone English 15-21 parts, tin oxide 2-3 parts, burn talcum 2.5-3.5 parts, zirconium silicate 0.9-1.1 parts, zinc oxide 1.5-2.5 parts, tourmaline 1.5-2.5 part.
The preparation method of above-mentioned pottery moon white glaze comprises the following steps:
(1)Above-mentioned raw materials plus water are mixed, ball milling, obtain glaze slip;
(2)Glazing;
(3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1280-1300 DEG C.
Step(3)Middle firing process specifically comprises the following steps:1. the heat of oxidation:Base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, Fired under oxidizing atmosphere, temperature is ramped up 900-950 DEG C in 2-3h;2. under reducing atmosphere, make temperature uniform in 4-5h Rise to 1280-1300 DEG C;3. 2-4h under reducing atmosphere, is kept under the conditions of 1280-1300 DEG C;4. being cooled to room temperature, it is made.
The present invention is using melilite as primary solvent, and melilite is compared to for example white feldspar of other feldspars, red feldspar, silicon, iron content It is higher, the glossiness of moon white glaze can be improved, calcite plays hydrotropy, and quartz can improve the mobility of glaze, burns talcum to slide Product after stone high-temperature calcination, its impurity content is less, can improve tire glaze Percentage bound;Zirconium silicate can improve glaze heat endurance and Chemical stability, glaze paint opacity is improved, increase glaze paint texture;Tin oxide and zinc oxide are main toner;Tourmaline has There is unique physical and chemical performance such as piezoelectricity and pyroelectricity, therefore, there is the electromagnetic radiation of far infrared band, certain bear can be produced The function such as oxonium ion and antibacterial, deodorization, assign product of the present invention certain bioactive functions, reduce is caused using industrial chemicals The defects of.Melilite, calcite, quartz originate from Yuzhou in the present invention.
Added into melilite, calcite and quartz after tourmaline, due to changing the oxide of boron, iron aluminium, silicon etc. Content, add after burning talcum, also change the oxide contents such as silicon, magnesium, aluminium, therefore, colour generation and enamelled glass when it is fired Matter, which is formed, to be changed, and applicant fires work on the basis of by many experiments, by providing new formula and control Skill, has obtained that high yield rate, glaze colours are pure, texture is good and have the moon white glaze of certain bioactive functions.
Embodiment 2
A kind of pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:45 parts of melilite, 16 parts of calcite, quartz 18 parts, 2.5 parts of tin oxide, burn 3 parts of talcum, 1 part of zirconium silicate, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of tourmaline.
The preparation method of above-mentioned pottery moon white glaze, comprises the following steps:
(1)Above-mentioned raw materials plus water are mixed, ball milling, cross 250 mesh sieves, obtain glaze slip;
(2)Glazing;
(3)Burn till, specifically comprise the following steps:1. the heat of oxidation:Base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, is burnt under oxidizing atmosphere System, makes temperature be ramped up 930 DEG C in 2.5h;2. temperature under reducing atmosphere, is set to be ramped up 1280 DEG C in 5h;3. reducing Under atmosphere, 3.5h is kept under the conditions of 1280 DEG C;4. being cooled to room temperature, it is made.
By atmosphere, time and the temperature in rational proportion and control sintering process, the pottery moon white glaze glaze colours prepared Jade-like stone profit, color and luster is gentle, simple and elegant, simple and easy, and texture is moistened, and crackle is few, improves ornamental value and the collection of pottery moon white glaze Value, and high yield rate is to 83%.
Comparative example 1
A kind of pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Red 45 parts of feldspar, 16 parts of calcite, quartz 18 parts, 2.5 parts of tin oxide, burn 3 parts of talcum, 1 part of zirconium silicate, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of tourmaline.Preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.This example with Embodiment 2 is compared, and melilite is replaced with red feldspar in raw material.With embodiment 2 be formulated the pottery moon produced compared with white glaze this The moon, easily there is the problem of lacking gloss and moisture, texture is poor in white glaze, and yield rate only has 65%.
Comparative example 2
A kind of pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:45 parts of melilite, 8 parts of calcite, quartzy 9 parts, oxygen Change 2.5 parts of tin, burn 3 parts of talcum, 1 part of zirconium silicate, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of tourmaline.Preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.This example and reality Apply example 2 to compare, the parts by weight of the calcite in raw material have been reduced to 8 parts, and quartzy parts by weight have been reduced to 9 parts.Reduction side The solubility of glaze slip and mobility all decline after the dosage of Xie Shi and quartz, therefore glazing difficulty increases, in sintering procedure easily Form pinprick, be fired into the pottery moon white glaze rough surface, yield rate only has 62%.
Comparative example 3
A kind of pottery moon white glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:45 parts of melilite, 16 parts of calcite, quartz 18 parts, 2.5 parts of tin oxide, burn 3 parts of talcum, 2 parts of zinc oxide, 2 parts of tourmaline.Preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.This example is compared with Example 2 Compared with, zirconium silicate is not used in formula, the net whiteness of pottery moon white glaze and opacity being fired into are inadequate, and glaze paint tear strength is low, into Product rate only has 60%.
The bluish white glaze formula of pottery that 3-25 of the embodiment of the present invention is provided is shown in Table 1-4, and its preparation method is same as Example 2.
Table 1
Raw material Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Embodiment 5 Embodiment 6 Embodiment 7 Embodiment 8
Melilite 43 48 45 44 47 45
Calcite 19 18 17 16 15 14
Quartz 20 16 19 18 15 21
Tin oxide 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.8 2 3
Burn talcum 2.5 2.6 2.8 3 3.4 3.5
Zirconium silicate 0.9 1.1 1 1.1 0.9 1
Zinc oxide 2.5 1.5 2 1.6 1.7 1.8
Tourmaline 1.5 2.5 2 2 2.5 1.5
Table 2
Raw material Embodiment 9 Embodiment 10 Embodiment 11 Embodiment 12 Embodiment 13 Embodiment 14
Melilite 48 43 47 43 43 45
Calcite 13 16 13 19 19 13
Quartz 18 18 16 17 15 21
Tin oxide 2.9 2.5 2.2 3 2 2.5
Burn talcum 3 3.3 3.5 2.5 2.7 2.9
Zirconium silicate 0.9 1.1 1 0.9 0.9 1
Zinc oxide 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
Tourmaline 2 1.5 2.5 2.5 2 1.5
Table 3
Raw material Embodiment 15 Embodiment 16 Embodiment 17 Embodiment 18 Embodiment 19 Embodiment 20
Melilite 48 48 43 45 45 43
Calcite 16 13 19 16 17 16
Quartz 21 18 15 19 20 21
Tin oxide 2.7 2.6 2.5 2 3 3
Burn talcum 2.5 3 3.5 2.6 2.8 3.5
Zirconium silicate 1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9
Zinc oxide 2.5 1.5 1.5 2 2.5 2.5
Tourmaline 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2 2.1
Table 4
Raw material Embodiment 21 Embodiment 22 Embodiment 23 Embodiment 24 Embodiment 25
Melilite 47 44 47 45 43
Calcite 14 15 13 16 19
Quartz 18 18 15 15 21
Tin oxide 2.5 2 3 2 2.5
Burn talcum 2.5 3 2.5 3.5 3
Zirconium silicate 1 1 1.1 0.9 1
Zinc oxide 2.5 2 2 1.5 1.5
Tourmaline 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 1.5

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. pottery moon white glaze, it is characterised in that:It is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Melilite 43-48 parts, Calcite 13-19 parts, quartzy 15-21 parts, tin oxide 2-3 parts, burning talcum 2.5-3.5 parts, zirconium silicate 0.9-1.1 parts, zinc oxide 1.5-2.5 part, tourmaline 1.5-2.5 parts.
  2. 2. pottery moon white glaze as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight: 45 parts of melilite, 16 parts of calcite, quartz 18 parts, 2.5 parts of tin oxide, burn 3 parts of talcum, 1 part of zirconium silicate, 2 parts of zinc oxide, electrically 2 parts of stone.
  3. 3. as described in claim any one of 1-2 the pottery moon white glaze preparation method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)Above-mentioned raw materials plus water are mixed, ball milling, obtain glaze slip;
    (2)Glazing;
    (3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1280-1300 DEG C.
  4. 4. the preparation method of pottery moon white glaze as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that step(3)Middle firing process specifically wraps Include following steps:1. the heat of oxidation:Base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, is fired under oxidizing atmosphere, makes temperature uniform in 2-3h Rise to 900-950 DEG C;2. under reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1280-1300 DEG C in 4-5h;3. under reducing atmosphere, 2-4h is kept under the conditions of 1280-1300 DEG C;4. being cooled to room temperature, it is made.
CN201710373002.9A 2017-05-24 2017-05-24 A kind of pottery moon white glaze and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN107417104A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109160735A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-08 禹州市锦丰源瓷业有限公司 A kind of pottery white mat glaze

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105036812A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-11 郏县宏大瓷业有限公司 Glaze material for Jun red glaze and process for preparing Jun porcelain from glaze material
CN105541410A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-04 福建省威尔陶瓷股份有限公司 Modified tourmaline powder for ceramic glaze, anion ceramic glaze and preparation method

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105036812A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-11 郏县宏大瓷业有限公司 Glaze material for Jun red glaze and process for preparing Jun porcelain from glaze material
CN105541410A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-04 福建省威尔陶瓷股份有限公司 Modified tourmaline powder for ceramic glaze, anion ceramic glaze and preparation method

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109160735A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-08 禹州市锦丰源瓷业有限公司 A kind of pottery white mat glaze

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