CN107410719A - A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep - Google Patents

A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107410719A
CN107410719A CN201710756040.2A CN201710756040A CN107410719A CN 107410719 A CN107410719 A CN 107410719A CN 201710756040 A CN201710756040 A CN 201710756040A CN 107410719 A CN107410719 A CN 107410719A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fattening sheep
mixed feed
total mixed
sheep
feed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710756040.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱正鹏
王莉
张遨然
燕磊
梁玉树
何开蓉
黄李蓉
乔煦玮
李彬
李芳溢
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan New Hope Animal Husbandry Technology Co Ltd
New Hope Liuhe Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan New Hope Animal Husbandry Technology Co Ltd
New Hope Liuhe Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan New Hope Animal Husbandry Technology Co Ltd, New Hope Liuhe Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan New Hope Animal Husbandry Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710756040.2A priority Critical patent/CN107410719A/en
Publication of CN107410719A publication Critical patent/CN107410719A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/10Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for ruminants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • A23K10/38Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material from distillers' or brewers' waste
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/24Compounds of alkaline earth metals, e.g. magnesium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/26Compounds containing phosphorus
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses the composition composition of a kind of Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, including following weight percent:Clover 10 30%, corn 34 50%, maize peel 15 24%, Soybean Meal 4 15%, DDGS 4 12%;Also containing calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement, calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement sum in mixed fodder<5%.The full mixed type Fattening Sheep daily ration that the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed of the present invention is formed with the carbohydrate and albumen of good fiber quality and high digestibility with suitable ratio, ruminal environment is stable, meet the feeding needs of Fattening Sheep, the health status of Fattening Sheep can effectively be lifted, Fattening Sheep ideal daily gain is kept, there is good economic benefit.

Description

A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ruminant feed, the special total mixed feed of more particularly to a kind of Fattening Sheep, belong to poultry Herd cultivation mixed feed field.
Background technology
Sheep is one of common domestic animal, belongs to Mammalia artiodactyl ruminant.In China, the sheep that animal husbandry is mainly raised has Goat, Mongolian gazelle and sheep, for the sheep raised in the past mainly based on high-end carnivorous supply, market demand is smaller.In recent years, with The living standard of people improves, and is increased considerably for the consumption figure of mutton, not only " Winter Solstice " eat the crowd of mutton soup and increase, put down In day for roasting mutton, the diet consumption of roast whole lamb also quickly increases.Meanwhile after people's living standard improves, for clothes The demand of material --- wool also increases considerably.So since the 1990s, effect has been expedited the emergence of in the market demand Under, Chinese mutton sheep aquaculture industry is developed rapidly, and the industry of particularly intensive house feed fattening sheep has obtained great hair Exhibition.
Sheep is ruminant plant-eating animal, green grass is swallowed into cud after preliminary chewing on grassland daytime, night returns to sheepfold After, then by green grass is counter answer back in slowly chew.The characteristic of ruminant causes sheep to have to the string for ingesting enough Enough nutrient absorption and healthy growth can preferably be kept.
Current intensive mutton sheep raising is to pursue high daily gain, and the people that roughage is deficient and next because laying in, pricking short strip The factors such as work cost increase, most of plant are being gone out with persistently high fine fodder Diet fattening mutton sheep, or even some plants Stop feeding roughage within 40 days before column.High fine fodder Diet Fattening Sheep is largely used, causes that feed digestibility is low, mutton sheep cud Dysfunction, liver damage are serious, and the disease incidence relevant with metabolism such as sudden death, Mongolian gazelle disease, urinary calculus is very high.It is meanwhile high The mutton subcutaneous fat depth that fine fodder Diet is delivered for sale, quality, has a poor flavour, and Fattening Sheep is due to predominantly high in the feed of intake Fine fodder, nutrition is unbalanced, and into aberration, further result in the economic value of Fattening Sheep reduces the fur of Fattening Sheep.
How a kind of growth rate that can effectively ensure that Fattening Sheep and the feeding feed stuff of health status are provided into now The problem of the intensive mutton sheep raising of Fattening Sheep.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the mutton sheep forage fine fodder proportion in the presence of prior art excessive, cause to fatten A kind of bad deficiency of sheep healthy growth situation, there is provided Fattening Sheep total mixed feed.The Fattening Sheep provided in the present invention mixes entirely Close feeding grid and have selected the mixed feed most having an economic benefit, realize the fast-growth of Fattening Sheep and the synchronization of healthy quality Ensure, it is ensured that can obtain good economic benefit using the raiser of the feed.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, include the composition composition of following weight percent:
Clover 10-30%, corn 34-45%, maize peel 15-24%, Soybean Meal 4-15%, DDGS 4-12%;Mixing is raised Also containing calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement, calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement sum in material<5%.The total amount of all material compositions is 100%.
The Fattening Sheep total mixed feed of the present invention is according to the body weight and body condition of shelf sheep, there is provided maintains cud health enough Effective high-quality crude fibre, ensures the cud healthy development of Fattening Sheep, and shelf sheep cud can either be made full use of to absorb crude fibre and promoted Enter growth, and can enough ensures the healthy growth of Fattening Sheep.Meanwhile the raw material of raw material screening ensures albumen all from plant egg In vain without nonprotein nitrogen to ensure meat, enough carbohydrate ensure mutton sheep weightening demand, sufficient vitamin and ore deposit While adding guarantee daily gain, it is excellent, yellowish pink delicious to butcher rear meat.
Further, the calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement are:Calcium carbonate 0.8-1.1wt%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.45- 0.6wt%, vitamin premix 0.01-0.5wt%.Calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement grow primarily directed in Fattening Sheep Nutritional need be designed addition, it is ensured that Fattening Sheep can healthy fast-growth, avoid trace element or vitamin etc. from causing Fattening Sheep disease or speed of growth limitation, improve the feed coefficient of feed, reduce feed use cost.
Furthermore full mixture particle daily ration gradation composition based on selected high quality forage, energy feedstuff etc. of the invention After, optimize and revise vegetable protein, calcium phosphorus, vitamin, trace element etc. and coordinate dosage, reasonable calcium-phosphorus ratio and enough dimension lifes Body reaches preferable daily gain for the demand of trace element and mineral matter during element, trace element ensure mutton sheep daily gain Speed, reduce Fattening Sheep metabolic disease incidence, improve the meat of Fattening Sheep.Replenish the calcium using calcium carbonate and calcium monohydrogen phosphate as Activity supplement material composition, has and easily absorbs, can promote the effect of Fattening Sheep bone growth, and pass through calcium carbonate and phosphoric acid hydrogen The ratio of calcium so that the absorption rate of calcium constituent integrally tends towards stability, and the utilization rate of feed is higher.Wherein calcium monohydrogen phosphate takes into account phosphorus The supplementary function of element, collaboration promotes to maintain bone and dental growth, and improves the heart rate stabilization of Fattening Sheep, and nutrition intake is good It is good.
Further, vitamin premix can also be the feed vitamin premix raw material sold on existing market, It can be the vitamin premix voluntarily prepared.Contain VA, VD in the vitamin premix3、VE、VB1、VB2、VB6、VB12、 VK3, folic acid, nicotinic acid, one or more of vitamin premixs in biotin etc...
Preferably, vitamin E, nicotinic acid and vitamin D are at least contained in the vitamin premix3.These vitamins are made There is excellent supplement humidification for feed for vitamin premix, wherein enhancing anti-oxidation function vitamin V E, strong Change anti-ketoacidosis functional vitamin nicotinic acid and contribute to the VD of bone growth3, added by the supplement of vitamin premix, can To strengthen the effect that feed promotes Fattening Sheep health status well.
Preferably, the premix is vitamin premix, is that zeolite etc. is used as carrier, load commonly used in feed by tieing up Raw plain A, vitamin D3, vitamin E, VB1、VB2、VB6、VB12、VK3, folic acid, nicotinic acid, biotin, tie up life made of calcium pantothenate etc. Plain premix.Vitamin premix is mainly used for the content of the vitamin in balanced feed, is allowed to meet Fattening Sheep growth need The vitamin element demand wanted.
Further, linseed cake 4-6wt% is also contained in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed.Linseed benevolence cake is to use flax Seed takes the byproduct after oil, and linseed benevolence cake contains substantial amounts of thick protein and meets Fattening Sheep growing nutrient intake demand, more It is important that contain substantial amounts of mineral matter and trace element in linseed benevolence cake, for micro in Fattening Sheep fast growth process Element balance provides reliable guarantee, and the content ratio of main nutrient composition can both have been balanced by adding appropriate linseed benevolence cake, again Natural trace element can be provided with microelement-supplementing improves Fattening Sheep health status.
Further, sodium bicarbonate 0.27-0.32wt% is also contained in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed.Add a small amount of little Su Beating can promote the food ration of Fattening Sheep to increase, and the hydrochloric acid in gastric juice interaction of sodium bicarbonate and Fattening Sheep, can strengthen Fattening Sheep stomach and intestine The contractile motion in road, play stomach invigorating, orectic effect.In sodium ion or Fattening Sheep blood circulation by absorption sodium from The important sources of son, it is significant for the health status of Fattening Sheep.
Finally, sufficiently considered when total mixed feed of the invention selects various raw materials in feedstuff negative and positive from The mutual complex equilibrium relation of son, Fattening Sheep can avoid zwitterion not after the mixed feed of the intake present invention Balance so that Fattening Sheep is not in or seldom occurs fattening flock of sheep urinary calculus, yellow fat sheep during feeding.I.e. for anti- Only related Fattening Sheep disease has the effect of good, has good help for the economic benefit for improving raiser.
Further, salt 0.8-1.1wt% is also contained in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed.According to mutton sheep forage raw material The element feature of composition, the salinity ratio of appropriate addition salt regulation feed, and the content of chlorion, sodium ion, for Balance the healthy significant of Fattening Sheep.
Further, in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, part Soybean Meal is replaced with fermented bean dregs.The content of fermented bean dregs For the 2-3% of feed gross weight.ANFs degradation rate >=90% in the fermented bean dregs.Specifically refer to ANFs It is degradation rate >=90% of glycinin, β-companion's globulin and oligosaccharides, the oligosaccharides is sucrose, raffinose and stachyose.Also Palliating degradation degree >=90% of other oligosaccharide can be included, realize the fully degraded of oligosaccharide, adjustment reduces smart feed supplement The nutrition biddability of fermented bean dregs, it is easy to young age ruminant and ingests absorb.
Overall degradation rate reaches more than 90%, and the ANFs in fermented bean dregs has obtained sufficient degraded, ferments The smart feed supplement that dregs of beans is mixed with is higher for the nutritive value of young age ruminant.
Preferably, the ANFs refers to the ANFs such as glycinin, β-companion's globulin, oligosaccharides, phytic acid. Four kinds of ANFs such as particularly foregoing glycinin, β-companion's globulin, oligosaccharides and phytic acid, after fully degraded processing The nutritive value of Soybean Meal can play one's part to the full after young age ruminant ingests.
It is furthermore preferred that in the fermented bean dregs, xylan, glucan, mannosan degradation rate are >=50%.Oligosaccharide etc. Belong to the ANFs of non-heat-sensitive, in general heat treatment is difficult to be removed, if can not educate oligosaccharide fully degraded The speed that fertile sheep digests and assimilates feed can reduce, and then influence feed coefficient and the speed of growth.By being carried out to dregs of beans at fermentation Reason, which effectively removes most of oligosaccharide, can be obviously improved application efficiency/quality of fermented bean dregs.
It is furthermore preferred that in the fermented bean dregs, pectin degrading rate >=70%.Pectin can be full of the cud of Fattening Sheep, be educated The speed that fertile sheep absorbs is very slow, and then influences Fattening Sheep and digest and assimilate nutriment, for the health and productivity of animal It can adversely affect.
It is furthermore preferred that 1/3rd of glycan total amount≤non-fermented dregs of beans in the fermented bean dregs.Equivalent to degradation rate More than 33%.
Further, the fermented type essence feed supplement for young age ruminant, wherein the fermented bean dregs used are Chinese special Fermented bean dregs disclosed in sharp 201510306993X, or the fermented bean dregs being prepared according to wherein disclosed method processing.
Fermented bean dregs disclosed in Chinese patent 201510306993X are the method processing systems proposed during inventor studies early stage Standby fermented bean dregs, there is the characteristics of rich in nutrition content, ANFs is few, can preferably coordinate and good properties are made Smart feed supplement.
Further, in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, corn germ cake is also contained, the dosage of corn germ cake is 4- 8%.Preferably, the weight percent of corn germ cake is 5-7%.More preferably 5.5-6.5%, it is particularly preferably 6.0- 6.3%.Contain thick protein 18%~20%, crude fat 1%~2%, crude fibre 11%~12%, in belonging in corn germ cake Shelves energy feed, though its protein quality is higher than cerealses energy feed, using should be according to feed when corn germ cake Overall co-ordination situation be designed optimization so that corn germ cake has given play to optimal nutrient efficiency, improves the bait of feed Coefficient, production cost is reduced, is increased economic efficiency.Crude fiber content is higher in corn germ cake, and appropriate addition can coordinate Crude fiber content in the raw materials such as clover adjustment feed, keep the function of rumen health of Fattening Sheep normal.
Further, in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, the weight percent of alfalfa meal is 14-19%, the present invention Using alfalfa meal as the crude fibre elemental composition in total mixed feed, have unique perfume that Fattening Sheep hobby ingests, It mouthfeel, can be good at promoting the feed of Fattening Sheep, improve the efficiency of nursing.Selected alfalfa meal ratio is suitable, meets to educate Fertile sheep cud ruminates the needs for digestion of ingesting, the crude fibre that can effectively avoid Fattening Sheep from feeding very few, caused night Flock of sheep are hungry, and improve the holistic health of flock of sheep.Preferably 15-18%, can be the percentage such as 16%, 16.5%, 17% Than usage ratio, clover is that one of basic ingredient provides crude fibre and improves the fragrance of feed, mouthfeel in feed, for promoting Animal feed is significant.
Further, in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, the weight percent of corn is 35-42%.Preferably 36- 41%.It can be 37%, 38%, 39%, 40% percentage parameter.
Further, in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, the weight percent of maize peel is 15-24%, preferably 16- 23%.The dosage of maize peel can be a numerical point or these number ranges in 19%, 20%, 21%, 22%, 23% Between content.
Further, the preferred 4-12% of the dosage of Soybean Meal in feed.Can be 5%, 6%, 7%, 8%, 9%, 10% etc..
Further, the preferred 4-9% of DDGS dosage in feed.Can be 5%, 6%, 7%, 8% etc..
Corn germ cake and maize peel are as the main energy sources in mutton sheep forage, its ratio of appropriate reduction, In the case of the Energy intaking amount for ensureing Fattening Sheep, reduce Fattening Sheep and ingest the overnutrition ratio of feed, be advantageous to structure fattening The health of the gut flora of sheep.
The present invention additionally provides a kind of method for preparing above-mentioned Fattening Sheep total mixed feed simultaneously, comprises the following steps:
(1) Alfalfa is weighed, Alfalfa is crushed to obtain alfalfa meal, weighs remaining material composition, mixing is equal in proportion Even, particulate material is processed into modulation, granulation.
Further, the size controlling of particulate material is 5-8mm.Control the particle size of Fattening Sheep total mixed feed can be more preferable The feeding suitable for Fattening Sheep, be easy to Fattening Sheep to feed, whet the appetite, promote Fattening Sheep ingesting and ruminating and disappear for feed Change, improve the utilization rate of feed.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention:
1. the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed of the present invention, using common basic mixed fodder as prototype, adjustment adds in right amount excellent Matter fibre composition, ensure that the ratio of the wherein composition such as cellulose and energy, albumen is suitable, it is ensured that Fattening Sheep cud is stable strong Health, and the nutritional ingredient in total mixed feed is higher, meets the needs of Fattening Sheep fast-growth.
2. hybrid particles daily ration of the invention complete is after gradation composition based on selected high quality forage, energy feedstuff etc., Optimize and revise vegetable protein, calcium phosphorus, vitamin, trace element etc. and coordinate dosage, it is reasonable calcium-phosphorus ratio and enough vitamin, micro Body reaches preferable daily gain speed, dropped for the demand of trace element and mineral matter during element ensures mutton sheep daily gain Low Fattening Sheep metabolic disease incidence, the meat for improving Fattening Sheep.
3. the total mixed feed zwitterion complex equilibrium of the present invention, Fattening Sheep are not in or seldom during feeding There is fattening flock of sheep urinary calculus, yellow fat sheep, be obviously improved the health status of Fattening Sheep, have for the economic benefit for improving raiser There is good help.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is each test group daily gain.
Fig. 2 is each test group feedstuff-meat ratio.
Fig. 3 is each test group Economic and Efficiency Analysis.
Embodiment
With reference to test example and embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.But this should not be understood Following embodiment is only limitted to for the scope of the above-mentioned theme of the present invention, it is all that this is belonged to based on the technology that present invention is realized The scope of invention.
[embodiment 1]
Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, raw material is weighed according to following weight percent:Corn 38%, alfalfa meal 15%, Soybean Meal 5%, corn germ cake 6.2%, DDGS 5%, linseed cake 5%, maize peel 22.3%, calcium carbonate 1%, sodium bicarbonate 0.3%th, salt 1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5%, premix 0.12%, it is well mixed, is granulated, drying, obtains Fattening Sheep and mix entirely Feed.
[embodiment 2]
Prepare fermented bean dregs
The method with reference to disclosed in Chinese patent 201510306993X prepares fermented bean dregs, the fermented bean dregs being prepared by Test analysis is carried out according to national standard (NY/T 2218-2012 etc.) method, is analyzed with commercially available fermented bean dregs product, gained The main character analysis comparing result such as following table of the fermented bean dregs arrived.
The nutritional ingredient comparative analysis of Table A fermented bean dregs
Project NY/T standards Commercially available average It is self-produced
Moisture, % < 12 8.54 8.03
Crude protein, % > 45 48.41 50.05
Alkali-soluble protein, % - 69.7 80.53
The molten albumen (small peptide) of acid, % > 8 9.65 15.14
Total acid - 2.74 3.56
TVBN(mg/100g) - 79.73 22.36
Urase is quantitative (mg/min.g) < 0.1 0.01 0.03
Available phosphorus 0.28 0.52
*TVBN:Total volatile basic nitrogen (total volatile basic nitrogen, TVBN)
Prepare Fattening Sheep total mixed feed
Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, raw material is weighed according to following weight percent:Corn 39%, alfalfa meal 14%, Soybean Meal 5.5%, fermented bean dregs 2.5%, corn germ cake 6.2%, DDGS 5%, linseed cake 5%, maize peel 19.3%, Calcium carbonate 1%, sodium bicarbonate 0.3%, salt 1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5%, premix 0.12%.It is well mixed, it is granulated, drying, Obtain Fattening Sheep total mixed feed.
[embodiment 3]
Prepare Fattening Sheep total mixed feed
Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, raw material is weighed according to following weight percent:Corn 38.5%, alfalfa meal 15%th, Soybean Meal 5%, corn germ cake 6.2%, DDGS 5%, linseed cake 5%, maize peel 21.8%, calcium carbonate 1%, small Soda 0.3%, salt 1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5%, premix 0.12%.It is well mixed, it is granulated, drying, it is complete obtains Fattening Sheep Mixed fodder.
[embodiment 4]
Prepare Fattening Sheep total mixed feed
Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, raw material is weighed according to following weight percent:Corn 38%, alfalfa meal 16%, Soybean Meal 4%, fermented bean dregs 2%, corn germ cake 6%, DDGS 5%, linseed cake 5%, maize peel 20.5%, calcium carbonate 1%th, sodium bicarbonate 0.3%, salt 1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5%, premix 0.12%.It is well mixed, it is granulated, drying, is educated Fertile sheep total mixed feed.
[embodiment 5]
Prepare Fattening Sheep total mixed feed
Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, raw material is weighed according to following weight percent:Corn 37.5%, alfalfa meal 15.5%th, Soybean Meal 4%, fermented bean dregs 3%, corn germ cake 6.5%, DDGS 5%, linseed cake 5%, maize peel 20%, Calcium carbonate 1%, sodium bicarbonate 0.3%, salt 1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5%, premix 0.12%.It is well mixed, it is granulated, drying, Obtain Fattening Sheep total mixed feed.
Test example one
1. experimental design
This experiment sets 3 processing according to three different thick ratios of essence:Test one group of (thick ratio 80 of essence:20), testing two groups, (essence is slightly Than 85:15) three groups of (thick ratios 90 of essence, are tested:10), each 200 fattening mutton sheeps of processing.
2. test period and place
This is tested enters August in 2016 on November 29th, 30 days 1 in Ningxia Li Rong plants of Qingtongxia dam power plant OK.Totally 91 days experimental period.
3. test the selection of sheep
Experiment selection body condition is good, healthy without disease, shelf sheep similar in body weight, is grouped at random according to body weight.Every group 200 Fattening Sheep, totally 600.
4. feeding management
3 groups of Fattening Sheep feeding managements are consistent with living environment.Lairage one week is transition and pre-feeding period, is carried out in pre-feeding period The injection of vaccine and Stress management, aftosa, three or four anti-vaccine (prevention sheep braxy, sheep struck, sheep are only carried out to experiment sheep Black disease and struck) injection, the inoculation and expelling parasite of sheep pox vaccine and PPR work.Each treatment group is at regular time and quantity This group of daily ration is fed, free choice feeding, feeds water 3 times (early, middle and late) daily.Other are carried out according to the daily management of sheep field.
5. test daily ration and trophic level
Three test group testing materials are shown in Table 1 with when nutritive index.
The testing material of table 1 matches and nutritional ingredient
6. measure and record index
6.1 production performance indexs
Feed intake:The inventory of every day and surplus doses are recorded, every sheep is calculated at this after a stage terminates The total feed intake of reality in stage.Stage total feed intake (kg/ is only)=∑ (daily actual feed intake)
Weightening:Sheep is only weighed and recorded at the end of each fattening stage.Stage total augment weight (kg/ is the only)=stage Average end weight-stage average initial weight
Feed-weight ratio:Feed-weight ratio=stage total feed intake/stage total augment weight
6.2 Carcass Index
Carcass weight:Live-weight peeling, internal organ, the weight of head hoof and grease
Dressing percentage:Dressing percentage=carcass weight/live-weight
6.3 feed costs and economic benefit
Dead, the naughty situation of 6.4 sheep only
Observe and record any abnormal conditions and disease event of two groups of oxen of experimental period.
7 test results and analysis
7.1st, feed intake, weightening and feedstuff-meat ratio
Each test group feed intake of table 2
It is 1.53Kg from table 2 it can be seen that testing two groups of feed intake highests in three test groups, tests three groups of feed intakes It is minimum, differ 0.12Kg.May be preferable due to two testing material palatabilities of experiment.
3 each test group of table weightening data
Two groups of total augment weight highest 24.14Kg, daily gain 285g of experiment is can be seen that from table 3, Fig. 1, higher than testing one group 23.8Kg, daily gain 261g, experiment three groups it is minimum.
Each test group feedstuff-meat ratio data of table 4
From table 4 and Fig. 2, the feedstuff-meat ratio minimum 5.37 of two groups of experiment, three groups of experiment is up to 6.29.
7.2nd, Economic and Efficiency Analysis
Each test group Economic and Efficiency Analysis of table 5
Note:In profit performance analysis, fattening Full-mixed pellet feed for mutton sheep price is according to 2300 yuan/calculating.
From table 5, Fig. 3, in current 19 yuan/Kg of mutton gross weight price, the profit of two groups of experiment reaches 137 yuan/Kg, Get a profit 11 yuan/more, got a profit compared with three groups 77 yuan/more compared with one group.
It is big in view of mutton sheep gross weight market price fluctuations, profit feelings during 18 yuan/Kg and 17 yuan/Kg members have been adjusted respectively Condition, two groups of experiment are respectively 112 yuan/and 88 yuan/.Meet the preferable income 60-80 members of in the market mutton sheep raiser/only It is expected.
7.3rd, disease and extremely naughty situation
Each test group disease of table 6 and extremely naughty situation
As can be seen from Table 6, this experiment death rate caused by urinary calculus and yellow fat sheep is zero.Because other reasonses are dead Wash in a pan 8, the cause of death mainly vaccinate stress and breathing problem.The death rate 1.3% (death and culling rate), far below educating at present Fat meat sheep cultivates the death rate 4%.
8th, conclusion
1st, experiment proves, fattening Full-mixed pellet feed for mutton sheep uses 85:15 essence slightly reaches than cost performance highest, daily gain To 285g, feedstuff-meat ratio 5.37;According to current mutton sheep gross weight calculation of price, every sheep is got a profit 137 yuan.
2nd, cluster sheep dressing percentage is 47% (slaughterhouse provides data), reaches industry normal level.
3rd, do not occur urinary calculus and yellow fat sheep during testing, the death rate is relatively low, is 1.3%.
4th, dissected after butchering, observation liver, small intestine color, shape are normal, and cud surface mastoid process length is preferable, shows to raise Full hybrid particles material is fed, the Fattening Sheep fattening later stage is in a good state of health, and efficiency of feed utilization is high, it may be possible to which the death rate is low, economy effect The main reason for benefit is high.
5th, yellowish pink and meat is observed after butchering, it is yellowish pink vivid, fatty white, meet the condition of high-quality mutton;Subcutaneous fat is few, Mostly intramuscular fat, the girth of a garment are alternate.
Test example two
The special mixed fodder of Fattening Sheep prepared by 3-5 of the embodiment of the present invention is used for the feeding of Fattening Sheep, nothing during feeding Urinary calculus, yellow fat sheep cause death, and the healthy growth situation of Fattening Sheep is good.Flock of sheep adding weight:Embodiment 3:It is 273g/ days, real Apply example 4:278g/ days, embodiment 5:281g/ days.Embodiment 3-5 feeding flock of sheep dressing percentages are 47%, butcher gained it is yellowish pink it is vivid, It is fatty white, it is high-quality mutton.Show mixed fodder good feeding effect prepared by embodiment 3-5, flock of sheep growth rate is fast.It is wherein real Apply that a 4-5 feeding effect is optimal, and the flock of sheep speed of growth is most fast, and dressing percentage is high, meat is good.
More existing mixed feed
It is formulated A:Clover 34%, corn 39.6%, soya-bean cake 10%, hay 15%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.2%, vitamin premix Material is (containing vitamin E, vitamin D3, vitamin B1、B6Deng) 0.2%.
It is formulated B:Corn 25%, alfalfa meal 35%, Soybean Meal 10%, corn germ cake 10%, DDGS 5%, flaxseed Cake 12%, calcium carbonate 1%, sodium bicarbonate 0.3%, salt 1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.5%, premix 0.2%
It is formulated C:Commercially available Fattening Sheep formula forage 1.
It is formulated D:Commercially available Fattening Sheep formula forage 2.
It is formulated A-D and feeds same Fattening Sheep, every kind of formula forage feeds 5 Fattening Sheeps, on time vaccine inoculation and circle The cleaning of house, the feeding quality effect of small-scale investigation and comparison difference Fattening Sheep.The daily gain 256g/ days of Fattening Sheep, 247g/ Day, 261g/ days, 253g/ days, as a result show daily gain facilitations of the formula A-D for Fattening Sheep compared to the present invention program It is slightly lower.Then, be formulated A-B feed feeding during invent 1 urinary calculus, yellow fat sheep respectively, recover after intervention Health, show that formula forage has the defects of unfavorable for the health of Fattening Sheep.Formula C-D purchasing prices are integrally matched somebody with somebody than the present invention Feed cost processed is high by 7.5%, and scale feeding cost is high, is unfavorable for raiser's profit.Compare formula A-D feeding effects not as good as this Scheme of the invention, it is probably mainly because the feed formula of the present invention is more reasonable into component selections and mixing ratio, meets Fattening Sheep The nutritional need of growth, secondly the fermented bean dregs of feed addition serve improves gut flora well, eliminates ANFs The effect of interference, so the compound feed prescription of the present invention realizes, more outstanding Fattening Sheep is quick, healthy growth promotes to make With.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, include the composition composition of following weight percent:
Clover 10-30%, corn 34-50%, maize peel 15-24%, Soybean Meal 4-15%, DDGS 4-12%;Also contain in mixed fodder There are calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement, calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement sum<5%.
2. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the calcium, phosphorus, vitamine supplement are:Carbon Sour calcium 0.8-1.1%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 0.45-0.6%, vitamin premix 0.01-0.5%.
3. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also contain in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed Linseed cake 4-6%.
4. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also contain in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed Sodium bicarbonate 0.27-0.32%.
5. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also contain in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed Salt 0.8-1.1%.
6. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, with hair Ferment dregs of beans replaces part Soybean Meal;The content of fermented bean dregs is the 2-3% of feed gross weight.
7. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the ANFs drop in the fermented bean dregs Solution rate >=90%.
8. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claims 6 or 7, it is characterised in that the hair for young age ruminant Ferment type essence feed supplement, wherein the fermented bean dregs used are fermented bean dregs disclosed in Chinese patent 201510306993X, or according to it Disclosed in the fermented bean dregs that are prepared of method processing.
9. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed, clover The weight percent of grass meal is 15-19%.
10. Fattening Sheep total mixed feed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that also contain in the Fattening Sheep total mixed feed There is corn germ cake, the weight percent of corn germ cake is 6-6.4%.
CN201710756040.2A 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep Pending CN107410719A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710756040.2A CN107410719A (en) 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710756040.2A CN107410719A (en) 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107410719A true CN107410719A (en) 2017-12-01

Family

ID=60435166

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710756040.2A Pending CN107410719A (en) 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107410719A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108651386A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-16 扬州大学 A method of the meat sheep modification fattening of regulation and control
CN109170244A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-11 宁夏杨哈吉农牧产业控股有限公司 A kind of resisting stress ruminant feed and preparation method thereof
CN110122683A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-16 西安铁骑力士饲料有限公司 A kind of lamb fattening prior fermentation mixed feed and its preparation method and application

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104304822A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-01-28 沈阳禾丰反刍动物饲料有限公司 Granular total mixed ration for fattening meat sheep and processing process thereof
CN104431392A (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-25 田飞雁 Sheep-fattening total mixed rations particle feed and preparation method thereof
CN104824337A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-12 新希望六和股份有限公司 Preparation method of fermented soybean meal for feeding
CN106173278A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 甘肃元生农牧科技有限公司 A kind of meat sheep is at fattening stage fully-mixed daily feed
CN106376738A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-08 北京九州大地生物技术集团股份有限公司 Total mixed pellet feed for meat sheep and manufacturing method and application of feed
CN106578475A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-04-26 凤台硕力畜禽养殖有限公司 Boer goat fattening feed for promoting skeleton growth and protein deposition, and preparation method thereof
CN107080068A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-08-22 甘肃农业大学 A kind of agent for rearing and fattening meat sheep feed and its application

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104431392A (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-25 田飞雁 Sheep-fattening total mixed rations particle feed and preparation method thereof
CN104304822A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-01-28 沈阳禾丰反刍动物饲料有限公司 Granular total mixed ration for fattening meat sheep and processing process thereof
CN104824337A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-08-12 新希望六和股份有限公司 Preparation method of fermented soybean meal for feeding
CN106376738A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-02-08 北京九州大地生物技术集团股份有限公司 Total mixed pellet feed for meat sheep and manufacturing method and application of feed
CN106173278A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-07 甘肃元生农牧科技有限公司 A kind of meat sheep is at fattening stage fully-mixed daily feed
CN106578475A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-04-26 凤台硕力畜禽养殖有限公司 Boer goat fattening feed for promoting skeleton growth and protein deposition, and preparation method thereof
CN107080068A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-08-22 甘肃农业大学 A kind of agent for rearing and fattening meat sheep feed and its application

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
张建营 等: "发酵豆粕对反刍动物的影响研究", 《黑龙江畜牧兽医》 *
赵恩全: "育肥羊黄脂病防治与探讨", 《山东畜牧兽医》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108651386A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-10-16 扬州大学 A method of the meat sheep modification fattening of regulation and control
CN109170244A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-01-11 宁夏杨哈吉农牧产业控股有限公司 A kind of resisting stress ruminant feed and preparation method thereof
CN110122683A (en) * 2019-06-12 2019-08-16 西安铁骑力士饲料有限公司 A kind of lamb fattening prior fermentation mixed feed and its preparation method and application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103583925B (en) A kind of nursery piglet compound feed and preparation method
CN103652455B (en) Egg duck feed
CN106819481A (en) A kind of full price fermented feed for piglet religion groove and preparation method thereof
CN102972641B (en) Forage for breeding rex rabbit
CN103564176A (en) Pig feed and preparation method thereof
CN102919608A (en) Non-antibiotics feed for raising ecological pigs
CN102894218B (en) Milk replacer of 0-3 month lambs and production method thereof
CN103858824B (en) The production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig
CN107410719A (en) A kind of special total mixed feed of Fattening Sheep
CN102715381B (en) Hu sheep totaI mixed ration (TMR) feed and Hu sheep cultivation method
CN107853482A (en) A kind of fattening pannage and preparation method thereof
CN102894220A (en) Composite microbial enzymic preparation for calves from 0-6 months of age and milk replacer thereof
CN105360615A (en) Fermented feed raw material preparation as well as preparation method and application thereof
CN105432988A (en) TMR daily ration for improving productivity of yaks in cold seasons, and feeding method thereof
CN107079880A (en) A kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate
CN109170328A (en) A kind of cage farming egg ducks mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN102894217B (en) Granular material for producing bob veal
CN105146172A (en) Nutrition-balanced composite straw sheep fodder and preparing method thereof
CN100556306C (en) Nutrition digestion enhancer for fox
CN108575885B (en) Breeding method of black pigs
CN109170244A (en) A kind of resisting stress ruminant feed and preparation method thereof
CN107348101A (en) A kind of fermented type essence feed supplement for young age ruminant
CN107821327A (en) A kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig
CN104522325A (en) A formula of sucking pig feed and a preparing method of the sucking pig feed
CN107047994A (en) A kind of feed and the cultural method of ox for being suitable to come into being to the ox feed at 6 monthly ages

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination