CN107410139B - Multifunctional breeding device for scale breeding of finless eels - Google Patents

Multifunctional breeding device for scale breeding of finless eels Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107410139B
CN107410139B CN201710285823.7A CN201710285823A CN107410139B CN 107410139 B CN107410139 B CN 107410139B CN 201710285823 A CN201710285823 A CN 201710285823A CN 107410139 B CN107410139 B CN 107410139B
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water
culture
pond
breeding
fixed
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CN107410139A (en
Inventor
王玉杰
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Tongxiang Longyuan Textile Co., Ltd
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Tongxiang Longyuan Textile Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K74/00Other catching nets or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a multifunctional breeding device for large-scale breeding of finless eels, which comprises a plurality of breeding groups distributed along a transverse line, a breeding water purification pond and a water taking pond, wherein each breeding group comprises a supporting table, a breeding pond body fixed on the supporting table, a plurality of circular breeding ponds embedded in the breeding pond body, a circular breeding net cage arranged in the breeding pond, a lifting driving device used for driving the breeding net cage to do linear up-and-down reciprocating motion, a finless eel collecting frame, a water draining pipe and a water injecting branch pipe; the water inlet end of the water taking tank is communicated with the pond through a first water conveying pipe, and the water outlet end of the aquaculture water purification tank is communicated with the pond through a second water conveying pipe; the cultivation net cage comprises a net cage body, a discharging bottom shell and a top plate, wherein four feeding covers are uniformly arranged on the top plate; the left side and the right side of the top surface of the culture pond body respectively extend upwards to form a slide rail part, and a slide groove part is embedded in the bottom surface of the ricefield eel collecting frame. The invention is convenient for large-scale cultivation on land, can realize the recycling of cultivation water and is convenient for collection of finless eels.

Description

Multifunctional breeding device for scale breeding of finless eels
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of ricefield eel culture equipment, in particular to a multifunctional culture device for large-scale ricefield eel culture.
Background
Finless eels are commonly called eels, field eels, long fishes and the like, are living fishes inhabiting on the freshwater bottom in a tepid zone, have high nutritional value and high market demand, are one of the main freshwater aquaculture varieties in China at present, and are mainly distributed in Hubei, Anhui, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan and the like. At present, however, the finless eel is mainly cultured in a pond, a plurality of culture areas are divided in the pond by a dividing net, aquatic plants are planted in each culture area, and finless eel seedlings are placed for culture; the breeding mode can easily cause the water quality pollution of the pond, and the breeding management and the mature mud eel fishing can be carried out in the pond by rowing, so that the management and fishing are very inconvenient and the efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of providing a multifunctional breeding device for the large-scale breeding of the finless eels, which is convenient for large-scale breeding on land, can realize the recycling of breeding water and is convenient for the collection of the finless eels.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the multifunctional breeding device for the large-scale breeding of the finless eels comprises a plurality of breeding groups distributed along a transverse line, wherein each breeding group comprises a supporting table distributed horizontally, a breeding tank body fixed on the supporting table in a transverse distribution manner, a plurality of circular breeding ponds embedded in the breeding tank body and distributed uniformly in a transverse direction, circular breeding net cages arranged in the breeding ponds, a lifting driving device used for driving the breeding net cages to reciprocate up and down along a straight line corresponding to the breeding ponds, a finless eel collecting frame, a water discharge branch pipe and a water injection branch pipe;
the water taking pond is characterized by further comprising a culture water purifying pond and a water taking pond, wherein the water inlet end of the water taking pond is communicated with the pond through a first water conveying pipe, a first water suction pump is fixed on the first water conveying pipe, the water outlet end of the water taking pond is communicated with water injection branch pipes of each culture group through a water injection main pipe, a second water suction pump is fixed on the water injection main pipe, and a plurality of water injection sub-pipes which are communicated with the inner cavities of the corresponding culture ponds and are provided with control valves are fixed on the water injection branch pipes;
the water inlet end of the culture water purification tank is communicated with the drainage branch pipes of each culture group through a drainage main pipe, a plurality of drainage sub-pipes which are communicated with the inner cavity of the corresponding culture tank and are provided with control valves are fixed on the drainage branch pipes, the water outlet end of the culture water purification tank is communicated with the pond through a second water conveying pipe, and a third water suction pump is fixed on the second water conveying pipe;
the cultivation net cage comprises a net cage body, a discharging bottom shell detachably connected to the bottom of the net cage body and a top plate fixed to the top of the net cage body, wherein four openable feeding covers are uniformly arranged on the top plate; the left side and the right side of the top surface of the culture pond body respectively extend upwards to form sliding rail parts which are transversely distributed, and sliding groove parts corresponding to the sliding rail parts are respectively embedded in the left side and the right side of the bottom surface of the ricefield eel collecting frame.
On the basis of the scheme, the lifting driving device comprises supporting columns which are vertically distributed and fixed on the supporting table, a vertically distributed screw rod, a first driving motor which is fixedly connected to the screw rod and used for driving the screw rod to rotate, a PLC (programmable logic controller), a lifting seat which is in threaded connection with the screw rod, and a suspension plate which is horizontally distributed, wherein the first driving motor is electrically connected to the PLC, a guide rail which is vertically distributed is embedded into the inner side surface of each supporting column, one end of the lifting seat is slidably connected into the guide rail in a vertically movable mode, the suspension plate is fixed to the other end of each lifting seat, and the top plate of the aquaculture net box is suspended below the suspension.
On the basis of the scheme, a rotating disc is arranged below the bottom surface of the suspension plate, a hanging ring is fixed on the bottom surface of the rotating disc, the top plate of the aquaculture net cage is suspended on the hanging ring through a hook, a second driving motor which is fixedly connected to the rotating disc and used for driving the rotating disc to rotate is embedded in the bottom surface of the suspension plate, and the second driving motor is electrically connected to the PLC;
breed group still including a fodder feeding device, the fodder feeding device including one can be along the sideslip seat of the slide rail portion lateral shifting who breeds the cell body, can connect the fodder frame on the sideslip seat with sliding left and right, the fodder frame is including the U type input portion that is located the front end and the stock portion that is located the rear end, the input portion is including the material box portion of throwing that is located both sides and two clearance spaces of throwing between the material box portion, the width in clearance space is greater than and hangs the board width, throw and seted up a plurality of on the material box portion bottom surface and throw the material hole, the distribution shape of a plurality of material holes and the shape of throwing the material lid of aquaculture net case are corresponding.
On the basis of the scheme, two sides of the transverse moving seat respectively extend inwards to form a limiting part, a sliding cavity is formed between the limiting part and the bottom surface of the transverse moving seat, two sides of the feed frame respectively extend outwards to form sliding strips corresponding to the sliding cavity, and two sides of the feed frame are respectively connected to the transverse moving seat in a sliding mode through the matching of the sliding strips and the corresponding sliding cavities.
On the basis of the scheme, one side of the bottom surface of the transverse moving seat is embedded with a sliding groove corresponding to the sliding rail part of the culture pond body, and the other side of the bottom surface of the transverse moving seat is fixed with a supporting leg with a universal wheel.
On the basis of the scheme, an oxygen content sensor and an oxygen generator are fixed in the culture pond, the oxygen content sensor is electrically connected to the input end of the PLC, and the oxygen generator is electrically connected to the output end of the PLC.
On the basis of the scheme, an electromagnetic control valve is fixed on the water injection sub-pipe, a liquid level sensor is fixed on the upper portion of the inner side wall of the culture pond, the liquid level sensor is electrically connected to the input end of a PLC (programmable logic controller), and the electromagnetic control valve is electrically connected to the output end of the PLC.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the finless eel breeding device provided by the invention can be used for building a plurality of breeding devices around the pond, is convenient for realizing large-scale breeding on land, and overcomes the limitation of traditional breeding in the pond; meanwhile, the culture device takes water from the pond for culture, and culture water after culture is purified by the culture water purification tank and then discharged into the pond, so that the environment protection and the reutilization of water resources are realized; meanwhile, after the rice field eels are cultured to be mature, the culturing net cage is lifted by utilizing the lifting driving device, the rice field eel collecting frame is slidably placed on the sliding rail part of the culturing pond body, the rice field eel collecting frame is slid to the lower part of the culturing net cage, the discharging bottom shell of the culturing net cage is opened, the rice field eels are unloaded and collected in the rice field eel collecting frame to be transported away, and the rice field eel culturing net cage is convenient to use.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a side view angle of a cooperation relationship between the rice field eel collecting frame and the aquaculture net cage and the aquaculture pond when the rice field eel is collected by the rice field eel collecting frame according to the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the finless eel collecting frame of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic side view angle of the matching relationship between the feed feeding device and the aquaculture net cage when the feed frame is used for feeding aquaculture feed;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of the feed feeding device and the aquaculture net cage in a matching relationship when the feed frame is used for feeding aquaculture feed;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the matching relationship between the feed frame and the traverse seat.
The reference numbers in the figures are: 1-culture group, 11-support table, 12-culture pond body, 121-culture pond, 1211-oxygen content sensor, 1212-oxygen generator, 1213-liquid level sensor, 122-slide rail part, 13-culture net cage, 131-net cage body, 132-discharge bottom shell, 133-top plate, 1331-feeding cover, 1332-hook, 1333-feeding port, 14-ricefield eel collecting frame, 141-slide groove part, 15-lifting driving device, 151-support column, 1511-guide rail, 152-screw rod, 153-first driving motor, 154-PLC controller, 155-lifting seat, 156-suspension plate, 157-second driving motor, 158-rotating disc, 159-suspension ring, 16-drainage branch pipe and 17-water injection branch pipe, 18-feed feeding device, 181-transverse moving seat, 1811-limiting part, 1812-sliding groove, 1813-supporting leg, 182-feed frame, 1821-sliding strip, 183-feeding part, 1831-feeding box part, 1832-gap space, 1833-feeding hole, 184-material storage part, 2-culture water purification tank, 21-drainage main pipe, 22-second water conveying pipe, 23-third water pump, 3-water taking tank, 31-first water conveying pipe, 32-first water pump, 33-water injection main pipe and 34-second water pump.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description of the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the multifunctional cultivating device for large-scale cultivation of finless eels comprises a plurality of cultivating groups 1 distributed along transverse lines.
Each culture group 1 comprises a support platform 11 which is transversely and horizontally distributed, a culture pond body 12 which is transversely distributed and fixed on the support platform 11, a plurality of circular culture ponds 121 which are transversely and uniformly distributed and are embedded in the culture pond body 12, circular culture net cages 13 which are arranged in the culture ponds 121, a lifting driving device 15 which is used for driving the culture net cages 13 to do reciprocating motion up and down along the straight line corresponding to the culture ponds 121, a ricefield eel collecting frame 14, a water discharging branch pipe 16 and a water injecting branch pipe 17.
The lifting mode of the aquaculture net cage 13 is as follows: the lifting driving device 15 comprises support columns 151 which are vertically distributed and fixed on the support table 11, vertically distributed screw rods 152, first driving motors 153 which are fixedly connected to the screw rods 152 and used for driving the screw rods 152 to rotate, a PLC (programmable logic controller) 154, lifting seats 155 which are in threaded connection with the screw rods 152, and horizontally distributed suspension plates 156, wherein the first driving motors 153 are electrically connected to the PLC 154, guide rails 1511 which are vertically distributed are embedded in the inner side surfaces of the support columns 151, one ends of the lifting seats 155 are slidably connected in the guide rails 1511 in a vertically movable manner, the suspension plates 156 are fixed at the other ends of the lifting seats 155, the aquaculture net cage 13 is suspended below the suspension plates 156, and the PLC 154 controls the first driving motors 153 to drive the screw rods 152 to rotate forwards and backwards so as to drive the lifting seats 155 to move upwards and downwards, so that the. The aquaculture net cages 13 in the aquaculture ponds 121 correspond to the PLC 154, and the PLC 154 is conveniently used for controlling the raising or lowering motion of the aquaculture net cages 13.
The aquaculture net cage 13 comprises a net cage body 131, a discharging bottom shell 132 detachably connected to the bottom of the net cage body 131, and a top plate 133 fixed to the top of the net cage body 131, wherein four openable feeding covers 1331 are uniformly arranged on the top plate 133, and the operations of placing ricefield eel seedlings, planting aquatic plants and the like can be completed in the net cage body 131 by opening the feeding covers 1331. Then the culture net cage 13 is lowered and placed in the culture pond 121 filled with water for culture.
An oxygen content sensor 1211 and an oxygen generator 1212 are fixed in the culture pond 121, the oxygen content sensor 1211 is electrically connected to an input end of the PLC 154, and the oxygen generator 1212 is electrically connected to an output end of the PLC 154. In the cultivation process, when the oxygen content sensor 1211 detects that the oxygen content in the cultivation pond 121 is lower than a preset value, the PLC 154 controls the oxygen generator 1212 to increase oxygen in the cultivation pond 121, so as to improve the oxygen content and provide a proper oxygen environment for the cultivation of the finless eels.
The left side and the right side of the top surface of the culture pond body 12 respectively extend upwards to form sliding rail parts 122 which are transversely distributed, and the left side and the right side of the bottom surface of the ricefield eel collecting frame 14 are respectively embedded with sliding groove parts 141 corresponding to the sliding rail parts 122. After the rice field eels are cultured to be mature, the culturing net cage 13 is lifted, the rice field eels are placed on the culturing pond body 12 in a sliding mode through the matching of the sliding groove portions 141 and the sliding rail portions 122 of the rice field eel collecting frame 14, the rice field eel collecting frame 14 can slide to the lower portion of the culturing net cage 13, the discharging bottom shell 132 of the culturing net cage 13 is opened, the rice field eels are detached and collected in the rice field eel collecting frame 14, and the rice field eels are transported away, so that the rice field eels are convenient to collect.
The culture device also comprises a culture water purification tank 2 and a water taking tank 3.
The water inlet end of the water taking tank 3 is communicated with a pond (not shown in the figure) through a first water conveying pipe 31, a first water suction pump 32 is fixed on the first water conveying pipe 31, the water outlet end of the water taking tank 3 is communicated with the water injection branch pipes 17 of each culture group 1 through a water injection main pipe 33, a second water suction pump 34 is fixed on the water injection main pipe 33, and a plurality of water injection sub-pipes communicated with the inner cavities of the corresponding culture tanks 121 are fixed on the water injection branch pipes 17; an electromagnetic control valve is fixed on the water injection sub-pipe, a liquid level sensor 1213 is fixed on the upper portion of the inner side wall of the culture pond 121, the liquid level sensor 1213 is electrically connected to the input end of the PLC 154, and the electromagnetic control valve is electrically connected to the output end of the PLC 154. The water level in each culture pond 121 can be effectively detected and controlled by the matching of the liquid level sensor 1213, the PLC 154 and the electromagnetic control valve.
The water inlet end of the culture water purification pond 2 is communicated with the drainage branch pipes 16 of each culture group 1 through a drainage main pipe 21, a plurality of drainage sub-pipes which are communicated with the inner cavity of the corresponding culture pond 121 and are provided with control valves are fixed on the drainage branch pipes 16, the water outlet end of the culture water purification pond 2 is communicated with a pond (not shown in the figure) through a second water conveying pipe 22, and a third water pump 23 is fixed on the second water conveying pipe 22.
The culture device utilizes the water taking tank 3 to take water from the pond and supply the water to each culture pond 121 for culture, and culture water after culture is discharged into the culture water purification tank 2 and then discharged into the pond after purification treatment, so that the environment protection and the reutilization of water resources are realized, the water pollution caused by the traditional direct culture in the pond is avoided, and the water environment is protected. The purification treatment technology of the aquaculture water is the existing aquaculture sewage treatment knowledge and is not detailed here.
The farming installation according to the invention further comprises a feed delivery device 18.
The feed feeding device 18 comprises a traverse base 181 capable of moving transversely along the slide rail portion 122 of the culture pond body 12, and a feed frame 182 connected to the traverse base 181 in a left-right sliding manner. Specifically, the method comprises the following steps: a sliding groove 1812 corresponding to the sliding rail part 122 of the culture pond body 12 is embedded in one side of the bottom surface of the transverse moving seat 181, and a supporting leg 1813 with a universal wheel is fixed on the other side. The supporting legs 1813 of the cross sliding seat 181 are placed on the supporting platform 11, and the sliding grooves 1812 are matched on the sliding rail parts 122, so that the cross sliding seat 181 can be pushed to move on the culture pond body 12. In addition, two sides of the traverse seat 181 respectively extend inward to form a limiting portion 1811, a sliding cavity is formed between the limiting portion 1811 and the bottom surface of the traverse seat, two sides of the feed frame 182 respectively extend outward to form sliding strips 1821 corresponding to the sliding cavity, and two sides of the feed frame 182 respectively realize sliding connection on the traverse seat 181 through the matching of the sliding strips 1821 and the corresponding sliding cavities.
The feed frame 182 comprises a U-shaped feeding part 183 at the front end and a material storage part 184 at the rear end, the aquaculture feed is placed in the material storage part 184, the feeding part 183 comprises feeding box parts 1831 at two sides and a gap space 1832 between the feeding box parts 1831, the width of the gap space 1832 is larger than the width of the hanging plate 156, a plurality of feeding holes 1833 are formed in the bottom surface of the feeding box parts 1831, and the distribution shapes of the feeding holes 1833 correspond to the shape of the feeding port 1333 of the aquaculture net cage 13.
In the cultivation process, when cultivation feed needs to be fed into each cultivation net cage 13, the cultivation net cages 13 are placed in the cultivation pond 121, the height of the cultivation net cages 13 is equal to the depth of the cultivation pond 121, the feed frame 182 is pulled backwards so that the transverse moving seat 181 can move along the cultivation pond body 12 to the positions above the corresponding cultivation net cages 13, then the two feeding covers 1331 at the two sides of the cultivation net cages 13 are opened to expose the feeding ports 1333, the feed frame 182 is pushed forwards, so that the feeding holes 1833 of the feeding box parts 1831 at the two sides respectively correspond to the positions above the two opened feeding ports 1333, and the cultivation feed can be uniformly fed into the cultivation net cages 13 through the feeding holes 1833 of the feeding parts 183.
Moreover, in order to improve the uniformity of the feed feeding of the aquaculture, the aquaculture net cage 13 can be designed to be rotatable, after the feeding of the two feeding ports is finished, the aquaculture net cage is rotated by 90 degrees, and the two feeding ports of the other pair are arranged below the feeding part, so that the uniform feeding of the four feeding ports can be finished. Wherein, the rotation mode of aquaculture net case specifically is: a rotating disc 158 is arranged below the bottom surface of the suspension plate 156, a hanging ring 159 is fixed on the bottom surface of the rotating disc 158, the top plate 133 of the aquaculture net cage 13 is hung on the hanging ring 159 through a hook 134, a second driving motor 157 fixedly connected to the rotating disc 158 and used for driving the rotating disc 158 to rotate is embedded in the bottom surface of the suspension plate 156, and the second driving motor 157 is electrically connected to the PLC 154; the second driving motor 157 can be operated by the PLC controller 154 to drive the rotation of the cultivation net cage 13.
The finless eel breeding device provided by the invention can be used for building a plurality of breeding devices around the pond, is convenient for realizing large-scale breeding on land, and overcomes the limitation of traditional breeding in the pond. Meanwhile, the culture device takes water from the pond for culture, and the cultured culture water is purified by the culture water purification tank and then discharged into the pond, so that the environment protection and the reutilization of water resources are realized. Meanwhile, after the rice field eels are cultured to be mature, the culturing net cage 13 is lifted by using the lifting driving device 15, the rice field eel collecting frame 14 is slidably placed on the slide rail part 122 of the culturing pond body 12, the rice field eel collecting frame 14 is slid to the lower part of the culturing net cage 13, the discharging bottom shell 132 of the culturing net cage 13 is opened, and then the rice field eels are unloaded and collected in the rice field eel collecting frame 14 to be transported away, so that the rice field eel culturing net cage is convenient to use. Meanwhile, in the culture process, the feed feeding device 18 is conveniently used for feeding culture feed to each culture net cage 13.

Claims (5)

1. The scale of rice field eel is bred and uses multi-functional breeding device, its characterized in that: the device comprises a plurality of culture groups distributed along a transverse line, wherein each culture group comprises a supporting table which is transversely and horizontally distributed, a culture pond body which is transversely and horizontally distributed and fixed on the supporting table, a plurality of circular culture ponds which are embedded in the culture pond body and are transversely and uniformly distributed, circular culture net cages arranged in the culture ponds, a lifting driving device which is used for driving the culture net cages to do reciprocating motion up and down along a straight line corresponding to the culture ponds, a ricefield eel collecting frame, a water draining pipe and a water injecting branch pipe;
the water taking pond is characterized by further comprising a culture water purifying pond and a water taking pond, wherein the water inlet end of the water taking pond is communicated with the pond through a first water conveying pipe, a first water suction pump is fixed on the first water conveying pipe, the water outlet end of the water taking pond is communicated with water injection branch pipes of each culture group through a water injection main pipe, a second water suction pump is fixed on the water injection main pipe, and a plurality of water injection sub-pipes which are communicated with the inner cavities of the corresponding culture ponds and are provided with control valves are fixed on the water injection branch pipes;
the water inlet end of the culture water purification tank is communicated with the drainage branch pipes of each culture group through a drainage main pipe, a plurality of drainage sub-pipes which are communicated with the inner cavity of the corresponding culture tank and are provided with control valves are fixed on the drainage branch pipes, the water outlet end of the culture water purification tank is communicated with the pond through a second water conveying pipe, and a third water suction pump is fixed on the second water conveying pipe;
the cultivation net cage comprises a net cage body, a discharging bottom shell detachably connected to the bottom of the net cage body and a top plate fixed to the top of the net cage body, wherein four openable feeding covers are uniformly arranged on the top plate; sliding rail parts which are transversely distributed extend upwards from the left side and the right side of the top surface of the culture pond body respectively, and sliding groove parts which correspond to the sliding rail parts are embedded into the left side and the right side of the bottom surface of the ricefield eel collecting frame respectively;
the lifting driving device comprises supporting columns which are vertically distributed and fixed on the supporting table, a vertically distributed screw rod, a first driving motor which is fixedly connected to the screw rod and used for driving the screw rod to rotate, a PLC (programmable logic controller), a lifting seat which is in threaded connection with the screw rod, and suspension plates which are horizontally distributed, wherein the first driving motor is electrically connected to the PLC;
a rotating disk is arranged below the bottom surface of the suspension plate, a hanging ring is fixed on the bottom surface of the rotating disk, a top plate of the aquaculture net cage is hung on the hanging ring through a hook, a second driving motor which is fixedly connected to the rotating disk and used for driving the rotating disk to rotate is embedded in the bottom surface of the suspension plate, and the second driving motor is electrically connected to the PLC;
breed group still including a fodder feeding device, the fodder feeding device including one can be along the sideslip seat of the slide rail portion lateral shifting who breeds the cell body, can connect the fodder frame on the sideslip seat with sliding left and right, the fodder frame is including the U type input portion that is located the front end and the stock portion that is located the rear end, the input portion is including the material box portion of throwing that is located both sides and two clearance spaces of throwing between the material box portion, the width in clearance space is greater than and hangs the board width, throw and seted up a plurality of on the material box portion bottom surface and throw the material hole, the distribution shape of a plurality of material holes and the shape of throwing the material lid of aquaculture net case are corresponding.
2. The multifunctional cultivation device for the large-scale cultivation of finless eels according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the feed frame is characterized in that limiting parts extend inwards from two sides of the transverse moving seat respectively, a sliding cavity is formed between the limiting parts and the bottom surface of the transverse moving seat, sliding strips corresponding to the sliding cavity extend outwards from two sides of the feed frame respectively, and two sides of the feed frame are connected to the transverse moving seat in a sliding mode through the matching of the sliding strips and the corresponding sliding cavities.
3. The multifunctional cultivation device for the large-scale cultivation of finless eels according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: one side of the bottom surface of the transverse moving seat is embedded with a sliding groove corresponding to the sliding rail part of the culture pond body, and the other side is fixed with a supporting leg with a universal wheel.
4. The multifunctional cultivation device for the large-scale cultivation of finless eels according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: an oxygen content sensor and an oxygen generator are fixed in the culture pond, the oxygen content sensor is electrically connected to the input end of the PLC, and the oxygen generator is electrically connected to the output end of the PLC.
5. The multifunctional cultivation device for the large-scale cultivation of finless eels according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the control valve on the water injection sub-pipe is an electromagnetic control valve, a liquid level sensor is fixed on the upper portion of the inner side wall of the culture pond, the liquid level sensor is electrically connected to the input end of a PLC (programmable logic controller), and the electromagnetic control valve is electrically connected to the output end of the PLC.
CN201710285823.7A 2017-04-27 2017-04-27 Multifunctional breeding device for scale breeding of finless eels Active CN107410139B (en)

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CN107410139B true CN107410139B (en) 2020-12-04

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