CN107409779B - Turf planting machine - Google Patents

Turf planting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107409779B
CN107409779B CN201710647522.4A CN201710647522A CN107409779B CN 107409779 B CN107409779 B CN 107409779B CN 201710647522 A CN201710647522 A CN 201710647522A CN 107409779 B CN107409779 B CN 107409779B
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China
Prior art keywords
turf
rod
conveying
blocky
retainer
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Active
Application number
CN201710647522.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107409779A (en
Inventor
肖平
王诗赋
黄有志
王喜恩
贡军
高洪
李旋
李伟
韩利敏
时培成
王刚
王建平
张荣芸
潘道远
唐冶
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Anhui Polytechnic University
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Priority to CN201710647522.4A priority Critical patent/CN107409779B/en
Publication of CN107409779A publication Critical patent/CN107409779A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G20/30Apparatus for treating the lawn or grass surface

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of turf planting machines, including rack, for storing storage device wait plant blocky turf, for receiving from the blocky turf released in storage device and blocky turf is delivered to the laying apparatus being laid on ground, the turf retainer that is set on laying apparatus and is used to be inserted into blocky turf, being used to control the rolling device that turf retainer moved the apparatus for controlling of lifting to be inserted into blocky turf and be used to roll the blocky turf being layed on ground, storage device, laying apparatus and rolling device are set in rack.The laying efficiency and turf laying quality of turf can be improved in turf planting machine of the invention.

Description

Turf planting machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of tools of cultivating turf, specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of turf planting machines.
Background technique
Lawn refers to by sown grassland or nourishment's management, acts the meadow afforested and beautified.Lawn is as ecosystem One of element of system has a variety of critical functions, is improving the ecological of city and is playing a very important role in living environment, It is the important auxiliary equipment of road, public place and ecological engineering, it has also become the principal mode of urban afforestation.Therefore, it is laid with grass Skin also becomes an essential link during afforestation.
Currently, being always by manually sodding volume by volume on prior smooth good soil, manually for turf plantation Plantation is there is at high cost, the shortcomings that inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed at least solve one of the technical problems existing in the prior art.For this purpose, the present invention provides a kind of grass Skin planting machine, it is therefore an objective to improve turf and be laid with efficiency.
To achieve the goals above, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: turf planting machine, including rack, for storing Wait plant the storage device of blocky turf, for receiving the blocky turf released from storage device and conveying blocky turf The laying apparatus that is laid on to ground, be set on laying apparatus and the turf retainer for being inserted into blocky turf, Apparatus for controlling of lifting to be inserted into blocky turf is moved and for being layed in ground for controlling turf retainer The rolling device that is rolled of blocky turf, storage device, laying apparatus and rolling device are set in rack.
The laying apparatus includes the conveyer belt that can be operated and is set on conveyer belt and for the more of support bulk turf A locating piece, conveyer belt are located at the lower section of the storage device, and multiple locating pieces are equidistant point in the peripheral surface of conveyer belt Cloth, with gap and the gap forms the accommodation groove for accommodating the turf retainer between two neighboring locating piece.
The laying apparatus further includes the driven roller being rotatably arranged in the rack, driven voller and support roller, institute State that conveyer belt is sheathed in driving roller and follower roller and driving roller and follower roller is located at one end of conveyer belt, for conveying With providing the support roller of support between driving roller and follower roller and support roller is located proximate to driven voller, support roller and driven Roller is located at the lower section of the storage device.
The turf retainer includes nail rod and is set to multiple spike-tooths in nail rod and for being inserted into blocky turf, more A spike-tooth is set gradually in nail rod along the length direction of nail rod, the both ends of nail rod stretched out from the accommodation groove with the liter Control device cooperation is dropped, and under the action of apparatus for controlling of lifting, turf retainer is moved up so that spike-tooth stretches out outside accommodation groove And it is inserted into blocky turf.
The elastic element for resetting the turf retainer is equipped in the accommodation groove.
The apparatus for controlling of lifting includes being set to two control-rods of the conveyer belt two sides and being located under the nail rod The control-rod of side and the lift drive mechanism for being connect with control-rod and being used to that control-rod to be made to swing up and down.
The lift drive mechanism includes the support rod connecting with described two control-rods, the company with support rod rotation connection Bar, the crank being connect with link rotatable and the motor being connect with crank.
One end of the control-rod is connect with the gantry rotation, and the other end of control-rod and support rod sliding connect It connects, when the conveyer belt operates and control-rod is in top dead center position, is inserted into the turf retainer edge in blocky turf Control-rod slide and gradually taper up under the action of elastic element into the accommodation groove, final turf retainer and bulk grass Skin separation.
The rolling device include the bracket being connect with the gantry rotation, be rotatably arranged on bracket and for pair The tamping drum and connect with bracket and rack and be used to control roll rolling that the blocky turf being layed on ground is rolled The lift actuator that cylinder is gone up and down.
The surface of the tamping drum is equipped with double wedge.
The laying efficiency and turf laying quality of turf can be improved in turf planting machine of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
This specification includes the following drawings, and shown content is respectively:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of turf planting machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of laying apparatus;
Fig. 3 is the connection schematic diagram of locating piece Yu turf retainer;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of turf retainer;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus for controlling of lifting;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of control-rod;
Fig. 7 is the cooperation schematic diagram of control-rod Yu turf retainer;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of rolling device;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of storage device;
In the figure, it is marked as 1, rack;2, storage device;201, careless box is stored up;202, sealing plate;203, driven for opening and closing device;3, it spreads If device;301, conveyer belt;302, driven roller;303, driven voller;304, support roller;305, the first conveying section;306, second is defeated Send section;307, third conveying section;308, locating piece;309, accommodation groove;4, turf retainer;401, nail rod;402, spike-tooth;5, it rises Control device drops;501, control-rod;502, support rod;503, connecting rod;504, crank;505, motor;506, the first guiding bar Body;507, the second guidance body of rod;6, rolling device;601, bracket;602, tamping drum;603, double wedge;604, lift actuator; 7, wheel;8, elastic element.
Specific embodiment
Below against attached drawing, by the description of the embodiment, making to a specific embodiment of the invention further details of Explanation, it is therefore an objective to those skilled in the art be helped to have more complete, accurate and deep reason to design of the invention, technical solution Solution, and facilitate its implementation.
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, the present invention provides a kind of turf planting machine, including rack 1, for storing block to be planted The storage device 2 of shape turf, for receiving the blocky turf released from storage device 2 and blocky turf being delivered to ground On be laid with laying apparatus 3, be set on laying apparatus 3 and for be inserted into blocky turf turf retainer 4, be used for Control turf retainer 4 is moved apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 to be inserted into blocky turf and for being layed on ground The rolling device 6 that blocky turf is rolled.
Specifically, wheel 7 provides support to rack 1, so that turf as shown in Figure 1, rack 1 is equipped with multiple wheels 7 Planting machine can integrally move.When turf planting machine is moved on the ground, wheel 7 and ground face contact, wheel 7 is along landing ground It rolls.Storage device 2, laying apparatus 3, apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 and rolling device 6 are set in rack 1, and rack 1 is as installation The basis of storage device 2, laying apparatus 3, apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 and rolling device 6.When turf planting machine is advanced on the ground, Being successively routed on ground one by one by blocky turf that storage device 2 releases of laying apparatus 3, finally by rolling device 6 successively roll each blocky turf being layed on ground, and the blocky turf for making to be layed on ground is smooth.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 9, storage device 2 includes being set in rack 1 and having the storage grass box 201 of grass outlet, be used for It controls the sealing plate 202 of the opening and closing of grass outlet and carries out mobile driven for opening and closing device 203 for controlling sealing plate 202.Storing up careless box 201 is The rectangular box of top opening, bottom opening and inner hollow, the hollow cavity for storing up careless box 201 are the rectangle for storing blocky turf Cavity, multiple bulk turfs are stacked in the hollow cavity for storing up careless box 201, and the top opening for storing up careless box 201 is to be set to storage grass Rectangular aperture on the top surface of box 201, the top opening store up grass as to the feed opening that blocky turf is added in careless box 201 is stored up The bottom opening of box 201 is the rectangular aperture being set on the bottom surface for storing up careless box 201, which is to discharge hollow cavity outward The grass outlet of the blocky turf stored in body.Sealing plate 202 is movably to be set to the bottom for storing up careless box 201, and sealing plate 202 is square Shape plate, when sealing plate 202, which is moved to, to be stored up the inside of careless box 201 and be located at below grass outlet, sealing plate 202 closes grass outlet, The blocky turf stored up in careless box 201 is no longer able to be released on laying apparatus 3.When sealing plate 202 is moved to outside the careless box 201 of storage When, so that grass outlet is in the open state, store up the laying that the blocky turf in careless box 201 can be released into lower section through grass outlet On device 3.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 9, driven for opening and closing device 203 is moved in the horizontal direction for controlling sealing plate 202, to realize The opening and closing of grass outlet.Driven for opening and closing device 203 is connect with the careless box 201 of storage and sealing plate 202.Driven for opening and closing device 203 is that can stretch The component of contracting, driven for opening and closing device 203 has diversified forms, such as hydraulic cylinder or electric pushrod, preferably hydraulic cylinder.Work as driven for opening and closing When device 203 extends, sealing plate 202 can be pushed towards the external mobile of careless box 201 is stored up, grass outlet is opened;When driven for opening and closing device When 203 contraction, sealing plate 202 can be pulled mobile towards the inside for storing up careless box 201, grass outlet is closed.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, laying apparatus 3 includes the conveyer belt 301 that can be operated and is set on conveyer belt 301 and uses In multiple locating pieces 308 of support bulk turf, locating piece 308 and conveyer belt 301 are integrally formed, and conveyer belt 301 is located at storage Expect the lower section of device 2 and conveyer belt 301 is to be obliquely installed, conveyer belt 301 is ring seal component, and multiple locating pieces 308 are defeated It send to be equally spaced in the peripheral surface of band 301, there is gap between two neighboring locating piece 308 and the gap forms and accommodates grass It is the periphery along conveyer belt 301 that the accommodation groove 309 of skin retainer 4, i.e. accommodation groove 309, which have multiple and multiple accommodation grooves 309, Surface is equally spaced.Turf retainer 4 is arranged multiple, and each turf retainer 4 is respectively arranged at positioned at adjacent two positioning In an accommodation groove 309 between block 308, when conveyer belt 301 operates, turf retainer 4 is transported in company with conveyer belt 301 is synchronous Turn.Locating piece 308 is to be fixedly installed in the peripheral surface of conveyer belt 301, and locating piece 308 is made of flexible material, locating piece 308 flexible deformations, shape when with operating with conveyer belt 301 are adapted.In 301 operation process of conveyer belt, rotation is extremely The locating piece 308 of 301 top of conveyer belt is used for the blocky turf that support is released from storage device 2, while being located at adjacent two The insertion of turf retainer 4 between a locating piece 308 is located in the blocky turf on locating piece 308, and blocky turf is fixed On locating piece 308, it is ensured that blocky turf can be moved downwards in company with locating piece 308, and be avoided that blocky turf fixed It is voluntarily slid on the block 308 of position, each blocky turf is layed on ground by orderly.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, laying apparatus 3 further includes the driven roller 302 being rotatably arranged in rack 1, driven voller 303 and support roller 304, the inner peripheral surface of the periphery and conveyer belt 301 of driven roller 302, driven voller 303 and support roller 304 connect Touching, conveyer belt 301 is sheathed on driven roller 302 and driven voller 303 and driven roller 302 and driven voller 303 are located at conveyer belt One end on 301 length direction, the support roller 304 for providing support to conveyer belt 301 are located at driven roller 302 and driven voller Between 303 and support roller 304 is located proximate to driven voller 303, and support roller 304 and driven voller 303 be located under storage device 2 Side.Driven roller 302, support roller 304 are parallel with the axis of 303 three of driven voller, driven roller 302, support roller 304 and driven voller The axis of 303 threes is located in horizontal plane and perpendicular with the direction of travel of turf planting machine, driven roller 302 and is set to rack Power device on 1 is connected, and power device generates the power for rotating driven roller 302.Driven roller 302 rotates about the axis thereof When, driven roller 302 drives conveyer belt 301 to be operated, and conveyer belt 301 simultaneously drives driven voller 303 and support roller 304 to rotate.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, conveyer belt 301 is to extend (to plant along turf towards the inclination of the obliquely downward of storage device 2 In the direction of advance of machine, conveyer belt 301 is towards the rear side inclined downward setting for storing up careless box 201), driven roller 302 is set to defeated The lower end of band 301 is sent, driven voller 303 is set to the upper end of conveyer belt 301 and is being located at grass outlet just from the upper end of conveyer belt 301 Lower section, driven roller 302 are located at the obliquely downward of driven voller 303.Support roller 304 and driven voller 303 are to be disposed adjacent, support roller 304 Diameter be less than the diameter of driven voller 303 and driven roller 302, the vertical range between the axis and ground of support roller 304 is greater than Vertical range between the axis and ground of driven voller 303, support roller 304 provide a supporting role conveyer belt 301, driven roller 302, driven voller 303 and support roller 304 are distributed inside conveyer belt 301 in 3 points, so that conveyer belt 301 is triangular in shape, conveying Band 301 is made of sequentially connected first conveying section 305, the second conveying section 306 and third conveying section 307, third conveying section 307 length is greater than the length of the second conveying section 306, and the length of the second conveying section 306 is greater than the length of the first conveying section 305, One end of first conveying section 305 is connect with one end of the second conveying section 306, and the other end and third of the first conveying section 305 convey One end connection of section 307, the other end of the second conveying section 306 are connect with the other end of third conveying section 307, and the first conveying One end of section 305 is to connect at support roller 304 with the second conveying section 306, and the other end of the first conveying section 305 is in driven voller It is connect at 303 with third conveying section 307, the second conveying section 306 with third conveying section 307 is connected at driven roller 302.The One conveying section 305 refer on conveyer belt 301 in the top of driven voller 303 and support roller 304 and driven voller 303 and support roller The part of 304 outer circle face contact, the second conveying section 306 refer on conveyer belt 301 in driven roller 302 and support roller 304 The part of the outer circle face contact of top and driven roller 302 and support roller 304, third conveying section 307 refer on conveyer belt 301 The part of the outer circle face contact of the lower section of driven voller 303 and driven roller 302 and driven voller 303 and driven roller 302.First conveying section 305 and be located at grass outlet underface, the second conveying section 306 is located at the obliquely downward of grass outlet, at the first conveying section 305 Locating piece 308 receives the blocky turf released from grass outlet first, then locating piece 308 and the grass being inserted into blocky turf Skin retainer 4 is moved downward at the second conveying section 306, and locating piece 308 and turf retainer 4 match and drive blocky turf same Step is moved downward at the second conveying section 306, and the blocky turf for being moved to 301 lower end of conveyer belt can be layed on ground, the After locating piece 308 and turf retainer 4 at two conveying sections 306 are separated with blocky turf, it can be back to through third conveying section 307 At first conveying section 305, blocky turf is continued to, realizes circulation.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the first conveying section 305 of conveyer belt 301 is horizontality, the first conveying section 305 and level Face is parallel, and when grass outlet is in close state, the first conveying section 305 is located at the lower section of sealing plate 202.And corresponding first At conveying section 305, at least there are two the accommodation grooves 309 between locating piece 308 and two locating pieces 308 to be located at grass outlet just Lower section, so that at least one turf retainer 4 is located at the underface of grass outlet, and under the action of apparatus for controlling of lifting 5, Turf retainer 4 positioned at the underface of grass outlet is in the state being extend out to outside accommodation groove 309 upwards, so that at the position Turf retainer 4 be inserted into the blocky turf discharged downwards through grass outlet, it is fixed and then with the operating of conveyer belt 301 Blocky turf can be pulled out from grass outlet and continue that the bulk turf is driven to move down by position block 308 and turf retainer 4, be mentioned High reliability.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, turf retainer 4 includes nail rod 401 and is set in nail rod 401 and is used to be inserted into bulk Multiple spike-tooths 402 in turf, nail rod 401 are long straight-bar, and the length of nail rod 401 is greater than the length of accommodation groove 309, nail rod 401 Length direction it is parallel with the width direction of conveyer belt 301, multiple spike-tooths 402 are in nail rod 401 along the length side of nail rod 401 To setting gradually, spike-tooth 402 is preferably conical structure, and the length direction of spike-tooth 402 mutually hangs down with the length direction of nail rod 401 Directly, one end of spike-tooth 402 is the fixing end being fixedly connected with nail rod 401, and the other end of spike-tooth 402 is for being inserted into blocky turf In tip, the tip that the diameter at the tip of spike-tooth 402 is less than the diameter of fixing end and spike-tooth 402 is that diameter is most on spike-tooth 402 Small position facilitates insertion into blocky turf.Multiple spike-tooths 402 are equidistant for the length direction along nail rod 401 in nail rod 401 Distribution and multiple spike-tooths 402 be towards nail rod 401 the same side stretch out, the both ends of nail rod 401 stretched out from accommodation groove 309 with Apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 cooperates, and under the action of apparatus for controlling of lifting 5, turf retainer 4 is moved up so that spike-tooth 402 stretches out Accommodation groove 309 is outer and is inserted into blocky turf, so that blocky turf is fixed on locating piece 308.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, preferably, being equipped with the grass for making to be located in the accommodation groove 309 in accommodation groove 309 The elastic element 8 that skin retainer 4 is resetted, after turf retainer 4 is separated with blocky turf, elastic element 8 stops turf Moving part 4 applies active force, so that turf retainer 4 is moved in accommodation groove 309 and keeps the state in accommodation groove 309, Reset turf retainer 4 by elastic element 8.Elastic element 8 preferably uses elastic webbing made of rubber material, Elastic webbing is flexible ribbon-shaped members.Elastic element 8 be set in accommodation groove 309 and elastic element 8 be located at accommodation groove Two locating pieces 308 of 309 two sides are connected, one of them in one end of elastic element 8 and two adjacent locating pieces 308 Locating piece 308 is fixedly connected, another locating piece 308 in the other end of elastic element 8 and two adjacent locating pieces 308 is solid Fixed connection, elastic element 8 simultaneously passes through between two adjacent spike-tooths 402 from turf retainer 4, so that nail rod 401 is located at bullet Between property element 8 and the inner bottom wall of accommodation groove 309.Turf retainer 4 is pushed up so that turf stop in apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 When part 4 extend out to 309 outside of accommodation groove, the nail rod 401 of elastic element 8 and turf retainer 4 inside accommodation groove 309 is protected It holds contact condition and pulling force is applied to turf retainer 4, it in this way can be to avoid turf retainer 4 because by apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 Effect generate bounce and it is fully extended from accommodation groove 309, that is, avoid turf retainer 4 from falling off from conveyer belt 301, elasticity Element 8 remains at the nail rod 401 of turf retainer 4 in accommodation groove 309, to improve reliability.
Preferably, length direction setting of the elastic element 8 in accommodation groove 309 along accommodation groove 309 is multiple and multiple Elastic element 8 is equally spaced for the length direction along accommodation groove 309.As shown in figure 4, in the present embodiment, elastic element 8 is arranged Two, two elastic elements 8 are located at one end on 4 length direction of turf retainer.
As shown in figs. 1,5 and 7, apparatus for controlling of lifting 5 includes two control-rods for being set to 301 two sides of conveyer belt 501 and it is located at the control-rod 501 of the lower section of nail rod 401 and connect with control-rod 501 and be used to that control-rod 501 to be made to swing up and down Lift drive mechanism.Two control-rods 501 are located at the side of conveyer belt 301, and control-rod 501 is to be obliquely installed, on edge In the direction of advance of turf planting machine, control-rod 501 is to be arranged towards the rear side inclined downward for storing up careless box 201, control-rod 501 Tilt angle and the tilt angle of the second conveying section 306 of conveyer belt 301 are roughly equal.The lower end of control-rod 501 with 1 turn of rack It moves connection and the rotation centerline of control-rod 501 and the axis of drive shaft is parallel, the rotation centerline of control-rod 501 and ground Between vertical range be less than the vertical range between the axis and ground of driven shaft, the lower end of control-rod 501 and conveyer belt 301 Lower end be generally in sustained height.Control-rod 501 can swing up and down in the outside of conveyer belt 301, and with elastic element 8 Match, with control the turf retainer 4 being located at the first conveying section 305 and the second conveying section 306 be inserted into blocky turf or It is extracted out from blocky turf.It is swung up in two control-rods 501 to top dead center position, when at the first conveying section 305 Turf retainer 4 nail rod 401 both ends contacted respectively with a control-rod 501 after, it is defeated with the operating of conveyer belt 301 It send the drive of the band 301 turf retainer 4 mobile and the turf retainer 4 can be jacked up upwards by control-rod 501, so that the turf stops The spike-tooth 402 of moving part 4 extend out to 309 outside of accommodation groove upwards and is inserted into the blocky turf of top, then 4 He of turf retainer Locating piece 308 drives blocky turf to be moved downward at the second conveying section 306;Since control-rod 501 is to be obliquely installed, with grass Skin retainer 4 and the height of the contact point of control-rod 501 gradually decrease, under the action of elastic element 8, turf retainer 4 Spike-tooth 402 can gradually be extracted out from blocky turf, when blocky turf is moved to the lower end position of conveyer belt 301, turf stop The spike-tooth 402 of part 4 completes extraction from blocky turf, and turf retainer 4 is separated with blocky turf, the nail rod of turf retainer 4 401 also separate with control-rod 501.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, lift drive mechanism includes the support rod 502 connecting with two control-rods 501 and support Connecting rod 503 that bar 502 is rotatablely connected, the crank 504 being rotatablely connected with connecting rod 503 and the motor that connect with crank 504, support Bar 502 is located at the lower section of control-rod 501.Motor is used to generate the power for rotating crank 504, and the crank 504 of rotation passes through Connecting rod 503 drives support rod 502 to swing, and then support rod 502 drives control-rod 501 to swing up and down, and realizes control-rod 501 upper It is switched between stop and lower dead center, bottom dead center position is located at the lower section of top dead center position.One end of control-rod 501 and rack 1 rotation connection, the other end and the support rod 502 of control-rod 501 are slidably connected.It is operated in conveyer belt 301 and control-rod 501 is in When top dead center position, the turf retainer 4 being inserted into blocky turf is slided along control-rod 501 and in the effect of elastic element 8 Under gradually taper up into accommodation groove 309, final turf retainer 4 is separated with blocky turf.Lower dead center position is in control-rod 501 When setting, turf retainer 4 cannot be jacked up upwards.
As shown in figure 5, support rod 502 be U-shaped structure comprising two support portions being oppositely arranged and with two support portions The interconnecting piece being fixedly connected, connecting portion between two support portions, two support portions be rotatably arranged in rack 1 and Two support portions are connect with a control-rod 501 respectively.One end of connecting rod 503 and crank 504 are rotatablely connected, connecting rod 503 it is another One end is that the middle position and interconnecting piece on the length direction of interconnecting piece are rotatablely connected, the length direction of interconnecting piece and control The rotation centerline of bar 501 is parallel and connecting portion is between the rotation centerline and crank 504 of control-rod 501, crank 504 It is located at the same side of interconnecting piece with connecting rod 503, the rotation centerline of crank 504 is parallel with the rotation centerline of control-rod 501. Two support portions are located at the side of conveyer belt 301, and the lower end of two support portions is fixedly connected with one end of interconnecting piece respectively And the length direction of support portion and the length direction of interconnecting piece are perpendicular, the upper end of two support portions respectively with a control-rod 501 upper end is to be slidably connected, and the sliding slot for allowing the upper end of support portion to be embedded in accordingly is equipped on control-rod 501 and sliding slot is along control The groove that the length direction of bar 501 processed extends, at the position of two support portions between the ends with the rotation connection of rack 1 and support The rotation centerline in portion is parallel with the rotation centerline of control-rod 501.When 502 reciprocally swinging of support rod, two can be driven A control-rod 501 is swung up and down, and realizes that control-rod 501 switches between top dead centre and lower dead center.
As shown in Figures 5 to 7, control-rod 501 includes that the first guidance body of rod 506 and second being connected guides the body of rod 507, The first guidance body of rod 506 is located at the outside of the first conveying section 305 of conveyer belt 301, and the second guidance body of rod 507 is located at conveyer belt The outside of 301 the second conveying section 306, second guidance the body of rod 507 length be greater than first guidance the body of rod 506 length, second The lower end and rack 1 for guiding the body of rod 507 are rotatablely connected, and realize the rotation connection of control-rod 501 and rack 1, the second guidance body of rod 507 upper end is fixedly connected with the end of the first guidance body of rod 506, and second guides the body of rod 507 or the first guidance body of rod 506 and branch Support part is slidably connected.The first guidance body of rod 506 is used to contact and be used for the turf retainer 4 being located at the first conveying section 305 Turf retainer 4 is jacked up when turf retainer 4 is operated in company with conveyer belt 301, the second guidance body of rod 507 is used for and is located at second Turf retainer 4 at conveying section 306 contacts.The first guidance body of rod 506 is preferably arc-shaped bar, and the second guidance body of rod 507 is Straight-bar and the second guidance body of rod 507 are to extend along the tangential direction of the first guidance body of rod 506, the circle of the first guidance body of rod 506 The heart is located at the lower section of the first guidance body of rod 506, i.e., the first guidance body of rod 506 is setting protruding upward, is arranged arc-shaped the The one guidance body of rod 506 is conducive to guide from the rotation of the third conveying section 307 of conveyer belt 301 to the turf from the first conveying section 305 Retainer 4.After control-rod 501 is rocked to top dead center position, one far from the second guidance body of rod 507 of the first guidance body of rod 506 End is located at the lower section of the first conveying section 305 of conveyer belt 301, in turf retainer 4 towards in moving process below grass outlet, grass Skin retainer 4 is contacted with the first guidance body of rod 506 and the first guidance body of rod 506 gradually jacks up turf retainer 4 upwards, is finally made The spike-tooth 402 for obtaining the turf retainer 4 extend out to 309 outside of accommodation groove upwards and the bulk being located at grass outlet above being inserted into is careless Pi Zhong.
As illustrated in figures 1 and 8, rolling device 6 includes the bracket 601 being rotatablely connected with rack 1, is rotatably arranged on branch Tamping drum 602 on frame 601 and for being rolled to the blocky turf being layed on ground and with bracket 601 and rack 1 connects and for controlling the lift actuator 604 that tamping drum 602 is gone up and down.In the direction of advance along turf planting machine, Tamping drum 602 is located at the rear of conveyer belt 301, and tamping drum 602 is cylindrical body, the axis and drive shaft of tamping drum 602 Axis it is parallel, tamping drum 602 can rotate freely around its axis.Have between tamping drum 602 and conveyer belt 301 and allows block The gap that shape turf passes through, the blocky turf passed through from the gap are layed on ground, then by tamping drum 602 from being layed in It was rolled on blocky turf on ground, it in this way can be with smooth meadow ground while littering.
As illustrated in figures 1 and 8, preferably, the surface of tamping drum 602 is equipped with multiple double wedges 603, multiple double wedges 603 are set on the periphery of tamping drum 602, and multiple double wedges 603 circumferentially uniformly divide on the periphery of tamping drum 602 Cloth.Double wedge 603 is set, can smooth, loose ground by a small margin, and enable grass block more smoothly leave transmission device into Enter rolling device.
As illustrated in figures 1 and 8, lift actuator 604 is used to control the rotation of bracket 601, and then controls tamping drum 602 Lifting.One end of bracket 601 and rack 1 are rotatablely connected, and the other end of tamping drum 602 and bracket 601 is rotatablely connected, bracket 601 rotation centerline is parallel with the axis of tamping drum 602 and the rotation centerline of bracket 601 is located at tamping drum 602 Axis front.Bracket 601 is arranged two and two brackets 601 are parallel, and two brackets 601 are located at tamping drum 602 side.Lift actuator 604 is telescopic component, and lift actuator 604 has diversified forms, such as hydraulic cylinder or electricity Dynamic push rod, preferably hydraulic cylinder.One end of lift actuator 604 and bracket 601 are rotatablely connected, lift actuator 604 it is another It holds and is rotatablely connected in the top of bracket 601 and rack 1.When lift actuator 604 extends, bracket 601 can be pushed to backspin Turn, and then control tamping drum 602 and declined, tamping drum 602 is enabled to contact ground;When lift actuator 604 is received When contracting, bracket 601 can be pulled to rotate upwards, and then control tamping drum 602 and risen, enable tamping drum 602 It is detached from ground.So that tamping drum 602 is kept certain distance with ground when not working, avoids tamping drum 602 in inoperative shape Damage under state.
The present invention is exemplarily described in conjunction with attached drawing above.Obviously, present invention specific implementation is not by above-mentioned side The limitation of formula.As long as using the improvement for the various unsubstantialities that the inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention carry out;Or not It is improved, above-mentioned conception and technical scheme of the invention are directly applied into other occasions, in protection scope of the present invention Within.

Claims (10)

1. turf planting machine, it is characterised in that: including rack, for storing storage device wait plant blocky turf, for connecing It receives from the blocky turf released in storage device and blocky turf is delivered to the laying apparatus being laid on ground, setting In on laying apparatus and for being inserted into blocky turf turf retainer, moved to be inserted into for controlling turf retainer Apparatus for controlling of lifting in blocky turf and the rolling device for being rolled to the blocky turf being layed on ground, storing Device, laying apparatus and rolling device are set in rack;
The laying apparatus includes the conveyer belt that can be operated and is set on conveyer belt and for the multiple fixed of support bulk turf Position block, conveyer belt are located at the lower section of the storage device, and multiple locating pieces are equally spaced in the peripheral surface of conveyer belt, phase Accommodation groove between adjacent two locating pieces with gap and the gap formation receiving turf retainer;
The turf retainer includes nail rod and is set in nail rod and multiple spike-tooths for being inserted into blocky turf, multiple nails Tooth is set gradually in nail rod along the length direction of nail rod, and the both ends of nail rod are stretched out from the accommodation groove to control with the lifting Device cooperation processed, under the action of apparatus for controlling of lifting, turf retainer is moved up so that spike-tooth is stretched out outside accommodation groove and inserted Enter in blocky turf.
2. turf planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the laying apparatus further includes rotatable setting In driven roller, driven voller and support roller in the rack, the conveyer belt is sheathed in driving roller and follower roller and driven roller One end of conveyer belt is located at driven voller, for conveyer belt provide support support roller be located at driving roller and follower roller it Between and support roller be located proximate to driven voller, support roller and driven voller be located at the lower section of the storage device.
3. turf planting machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the driven roller, driven voller and support roller are defeated Send band internal in 3 points of distributions, conveyer belt is made of sequentially connected first conveying section, the second conveying section and third conveying section, The length of third conveying section is greater than the length of the second conveying section, and the length of the second conveying section is greater than the length of the first conveying section, the The other end of two conveying sections is connect with the other end of third conveying section, and one end of the first conveying section is defeated with second at support roller Section is sent to connect, the other end of the first conveying section is to connect at driven voller with third conveying section, and the second conveying section and third convey Section is connected at driven roller;First conveying section is located at the underface of grass outlet, and the second conveying section is located at grass outlet obliquely downward Side, the locating piece at the first conveying section receives the blocky turf released from grass outlet first, then locating piece and slotting The turf retainer entered in blocky turf is moved downward at the second conveying section, and locating piece and turf retainer match band motion block Shape turf is moved downward simultaneously to the second conveying section, and the blocky turf for being moved to conveyer belt lower end can be layed on ground, After locating piece and turf retainer at second conveying section are separated with blocky turf, the first conveying can be back to through third conveying section At section, blocky turf is continued to, realizes circulation.
4. turf planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the storage device include be set in rack and The careless box of storage with grass outlet, the opening and closing for controlling grass outlet sealing plate and carry out mobile driven for opening and closing for controlling sealing plate Device stores up the rectangular box that careless box is top opening, bottom opening and inner hollow, and the hollow cavity for storing up careless box is the blocky grass of storage The rectangular cavities of skin, multiple bulk turfs are stacked in the hollow cavity for storing up careless box.
5. turf planting machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped in the accommodation groove for making the turf The elastic element that retainer is resetted.
6. turf planting machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the apparatus for controlling of lifting is described including being set to Two control-rods of conveyer belt two sides and be located at the nail rod below control-rod and connect with control-rod and be used for make control-rod The lift drive mechanism to swing up and down.
7. turf planting machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the lift drive mechanism include with it is described two The support rod of control-rod connection, with the support rod connecting rod being rotatablely connected, the crank that is connect with link rotatable and connect with crank Motor.
8. turf planting machine according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: one end of the control-rod and the gantry rotation Connection, the other end of control-rod are slidably connected with the support rod, operate in the conveyer belt and control-rod is in top dead centre position When setting, the turf retainer being inserted into blocky turf is slided along control-rod and is gradually tapered up under the action of elastic element To in the accommodation groove, final turf retainer is separated with blocky turf.
9. turf planting machine according to any one of claims 1 to 8, it is characterised in that: the rolling device include with it is described The bracket of gantry rotation connection is rotatably arranged on bracket and for rolling to the blocky turf being layed on ground Tamping drum and connect with bracket and rack and for controlling the lift actuator that tamping drum is gone up and down.
10. turf planting machine according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the surface of the tamping drum is equipped with double wedge.
CN201710647522.4A 2017-08-01 2017-08-01 Turf planting machine Active CN107409779B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834771B (en) * 2018-08-20 2020-08-04 徐州诚凯知识产权服务有限公司 Turf laying machine for afforestation
CN109392617B (en) * 2018-10-31 2021-05-04 杭州绿丞科技有限公司 A turf transplantation equipment for afforestation
CN109315233B (en) * 2018-11-05 2021-05-28 南京幸庄科技创新产业园管理有限公司 A full-automatic turf planter for afforestation
CN109964739B (en) * 2019-04-03 2021-03-12 陈昱成 Dykes and dams bank side shop grass device

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CN2676575Y (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-02-09 谷林农机有限公司 Plasthetics cloth spreading machine for ridged field
CN203951899U (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 北华大学 External hanging type greenbelt turf is sodded machine
CN205093219U (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-03-23 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Turf paver
CN205993157U (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-03-08 冯森鹏 A kind of motorisation unit for the laying of gardens turf
CN106801411A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-06 杨随其 Automatic desert grid grass planting machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2676575Y (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-02-09 谷林农机有限公司 Plasthetics cloth spreading machine for ridged field
CN203951899U (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-26 北华大学 External hanging type greenbelt turf is sodded machine
CN205093219U (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-03-23 宜宾云辰乔木园林有限责任公司 Turf paver
CN205993157U (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-03-08 冯森鹏 A kind of motorisation unit for the laying of gardens turf
CN106801411A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-06 杨随其 Automatic desert grid grass planting machine

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