CN107409727A - A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107409727A
CN107409727A CN201710771143.6A CN201710771143A CN107409727A CN 107409727 A CN107409727 A CN 107409727A CN 201710771143 A CN201710771143 A CN 201710771143A CN 107409727 A CN107409727 A CN 107409727A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
peach
tuber
pinellia
plantation
kilograms
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Pending
Application number
CN201710771143.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
岑新标
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Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
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Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201710771143.6A priority Critical patent/CN107409727A/en
Publication of CN107409727A publication Critical patent/CN107409727A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia, and its feature is realized by step once:The plantation of peach, applied fertilizer after plantation, field management, insect pest preventing and controlling, and the seeding method of the tuber of pinellia, fertilising and top dressing, field management, insect pest preventing and controlling, harvest and process.The present invention improves the utilization rate in soil in peach plantation field, take full advantage of spatial level between plantation peach and the tuber of pinellia, positive characteristic is liked by peach, shady and cool growing environment is provided for the tuber of pinellia, also so that orchard worker is before peach maturation, the yield of the tuber of pinellia is improved, reaches double receipts of peach and the tuber of pinellia, the purpose increased income for peasant economy.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plantation technology field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia.
Background technology
Peach is defoliation small arbor, high 4-8m.Leaf egg shape lanceolar or round shape lanceolar, long 8-12cm, wide 3-4cm, side Edge has a fine and closely woven sawtooth, both sides are hairless or following arteries and veins between have temples hair;Flower Dan Sheng, first leaf open, nearly stockless;Calyx tube clock, there is short flannel Hair, decomposite leaf are avette;Petal pink, obovate or square round shape are avette;Fruit is spherical or avette, 5 ~ 7 centimeters of footpath, surface by undercoat, Bai Lvse, late summer are ripe;Who fruit band pink, meat is thick, succulence, and gas is fragrant, sweet or micro- sweet tea acid.The flat heart of core, it is extremely hard.Peach is liked Light, happiness is warm, slightly cold-resistant, and manurial-philous fertile, well-drained soil, alkaline soil, heavy soil are not suitable for.The clear Tianjin of pulp is sweet, removes Also tank dry, processed can be made outside eating raw.Fruit, leaf are intoxicated containing almond, can be used as medicine.Peach be the deep fruit liked by numerous people it One.Not only outward appearance is gorgeous, and how delicious juice is, and nutritious.Every 100 grams of pulp contain sugared 7-5 grams, 0.2-1.9 grams of organic acid, egg 0.4-1.8 grams of white matter, fatty 0.1-1.5 grams, 31 milligrams of vitamin C, 0.2 milligram of vitamin B2.Peach can also make in addition to eating raw A variety of fabricated products such as sweet can, peach butter, peach juice, dried peach.Root, leaf, flower, benevolence can be used as medicine, have cough-relieving promoting blood circulation, desinsection it Effect.It is a kind of fruit that important function has been played in growth of agricultural efficiency and increasing peasant income.
The tuber of pinellia is Araeceae Pinellia Tenore draft medicinal plant, is used as medicine with stem tuber, is parts of generic medicinal plants.Stem tuber spheroidal, 1 ~ 2 centimetre of diameter, has fibrous root.2 ~ 5 pieces of leaf, 1 piece sometimes.Common peduncle length 25 ~ 30(~35)Centimetre, it is longer than petiole.Spathe green Or green white, the narrow cylinder of pipe portion are long 1.5 ~ 2 centimetres;Eaves portion Long Circle, green, the livid purple color in edge, long 4 ~ 5 centimetres sometimes, wide 1.5 centimetres, blunt or sharp point.Spadix:Female inflorescence grows 2 centimetres, and male inflorescence grows 5 ~ 7 millimeters, among it every 3 millimeters;Appendicle Green paleness purple, long 6 ~ 10 centimetres, uprightly, serpentine is bent sometimes.
Peach is generally 3 years ripe fruit-bearing plants, and at the initial stage of plantation, orchard worker is after plantation, it is necessary to more time and essence Power is used in field management, and benefit shows relatively slow, and to land resource, space resources and human resources shortage effectively utilize.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:The present invention provides a kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia, improves soil in peach plantation field The utilization rate on ground, spatial level between plantation peach and the tuber of pinellia is taken full advantage of, also make it that orchard worker, can be compared with before peach maturation Good practical labour, reaches the purpose that economic benefit increases income.
Technical solution of the present invention is:A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)The plantation of peach:
Planting patterns:
Diel is soaked in the solution equipped with 700 times of thiophanate methyls or 500 times of carbendazim before seedling cultivation, is allowed to fully inhale Receive moisture and nursery stock is sterilized, the seedling root after immersion, be put into the mud equipped with root-inducing powder and dip download plant, after plant Watering, earthing lid mulch film moisture-keeping, every line-spacing 3m x 4m, or 2m x 3m in time, pour water for 3-4 days before plant in cave;
Applied fertilizer after plantation:
Apply fertilizer to the subsoil, every mu of organic fertilizer 1500kg-2000kg pours water and the 1500kg- that applies fertilizer to the subsoil for 3-4 days before plant in cave 2000kg;
Field management:
Tillage and weeding, tree disk is organized into outer low and inner high form, prevents from setting rotten of disk internal water accumulation;
Insect pest preventing and controlling:
Peach leaf-curl prevention and controls are that 3-5 ° of Be lime sulfur of spray roots out bacterium source, and peach leaf-curl prevention and controls are in peach exhibition Ye Hou, with 1000 times of 50% sterilization spirit, 500 times of 25% YE KU NING, 500 times of 2% kasugarnycin, day is added to reach 3000-6000 times of organosilicon Liquid alternately sprays;
(2)The plantation of the tuber of pinellia
Seeding method:
0.2 meter~0.3 meter of deep ploughing, thin rake, furrow are wide 1 meter~1.3 meters, high 0.17 meter, 0.3 meter of furrow width, and 0.18 meter of line-spacing is wrong in the ranks The offspring of peach is opened, the stem tuber that color is white, disease-free is selected and is sown into for 10~15 centimetres by spacing in the rows, earth backing compacting, spring and summer autumn Sowed;
Fertilising and top dressing:
Every mu applies 1:1000 kilograms of 3 people and animals' liquid dung;Carry out field to check, in the ranks uproot shallow hoe, 2.5 centimetres of left sides of depth with bar The right side, avoid hindering root, in growth medium, mu is watered 60 kilograms with 30 kilograms of oil cakes and soaked 3~5 days, 1000 are converted with leachate~ 1500 kilograms of cleaning up excrement water impose, or 10 kilograms of ammonium sulfate imposes for 1000 kilograms to cleaning up excrement water, puddles uniformly, is removed in soil with ditch mud Table;
Field management:
When bearing bulbil on petiole, start to earth up, tuber of pinellia Later growth plucks flower bud, makes nutrient concentrate on underground tuber growth;
Insect pest preventing and controlling:
Virosis is prevented and treated, sprays 1000 times of liquid of ZhiBingLing(SIC);Leaf spot and root rot are prevented and treated, sprinkling, pours 50% carbendazim wettable 2000 times of liquid of pulvis or 1% agriculture resist 150 aqua, 300 times of liquid;Thrips, hornworm are prevented and treated, sprays 60% phoxim, 1500 times of liquid;
Harvest and processing:
After the withered flavescence of cauline leaf, select fine day to dig stem tuber, shrug off silt, fresh stem tuber is separated by size, diameter is below 2 centimetres Give over to kind, with wet fine sand mixing storage custody, stem tuber peeling of the diameter more than 2 centimetres dry commodity.
Beneficial effect:The present invention improve peach plantation field in soil utilization rate, take full advantage of plantation peach and Spatial level between the tuber of pinellia, positive characteristic is liked by peach, and shady and cool growing environment is provided for the tuber of pinellia, also cause orchard worker peach into Before ripe, the yield of the tuber of pinellia is improved, reaches double receipts of peach and the tuber of pinellia, the purpose increased income for peasant economy.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
Embodiment:
A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)The plantation of peach:
Planting patterns:
Diel is soaked in the solution equipped with 700 times of thiophanate methyls or 500 times of carbendazim before seedling cultivation, is allowed to fully inhale Receive moisture and nursery stock is sterilized, the seedling root after immersion, be put into the mud equipped with root-inducing powder and dip download plant, after plant Watering, earthing lid mulch film moisture-keeping, every line-spacing 3m x 4m, or 2m x 3m in time, pour water for 3-4 days before plant in cave;
Applied fertilizer after plantation:
Apply fertilizer to the subsoil, every mu of organic fertilizer 1500kg-2000kg pours water and the 1500kg- that applies fertilizer to the subsoil for 3-4 days before plant in cave 2000kg;
Field management:
Tillage and weeding, tree disk is organized into outer low and inner high form, prevents from setting rotten of disk internal water accumulation;
Insect pest preventing and controlling:
Peach leaf-curl prevention and controls are that 3-5 ° of Be lime sulfur of spray roots out bacterium source, and peach leaf-curl prevention and controls are in peach exhibition Ye Hou, with 1000 times of 50% sterilization spirit, 500 times of 25% YE KU NING, 500 times of 2% kasugarnycin, day is added to reach 3000-6000 times of organosilicon Liquid alternately sprays;
(2)The plantation of the tuber of pinellia
Seeding method:
0.2 meter~0.3 meter of deep ploughing, thin rake, furrow are wide 1 meter~1.3 meters, high 0.17 meter, 0.3 meter of furrow width, and 0.18 meter of line-spacing is wrong in the ranks The offspring of peach is opened, the stem tuber that color is white, disease-free is selected and is sown into for 10~15 centimetres by spacing in the rows, earth backing compacting, spring and summer autumn Sowed;
Fertilising and top dressing:
Every mu applies 1:1000 kilograms of 3 people and animals' liquid dung;Carry out field to check, in the ranks uproot shallow hoe, 2.5 centimetres of left sides of depth with bar The right side, avoid hindering root, in growth medium, mu is watered 60 kilograms with 30 kilograms of oil cakes and soaked 3~5 days, 1000 are converted with leachate~ 1500 kilograms of cleaning up excrement water impose, or 10 kilograms of ammonium sulfate imposes for 1000 kilograms to cleaning up excrement water, puddles uniformly, is removed in soil with ditch mud Table;
Field management:
When bearing bulbil on petiole, start to earth up, tuber of pinellia Later growth plucks flower bud, makes nutrient concentrate on underground tuber growth;
Insect pest preventing and controlling:
Virosis is prevented and treated, sprays 1000 times of liquid of ZhiBingLing(SIC);Leaf spot and root rot are prevented and treated, sprinkling, pours 50% carbendazim wettable 2000 times of liquid of pulvis or 1% agriculture resist 150 aqua, 300 times of liquid;Thrips, hornworm are prevented and treated, sprays 60% phoxim, 1500 times of liquid;
Harvest and processing:
After the withered flavescence of cauline leaf, select fine day to dig stem tuber, shrug off silt, fresh stem tuber is separated by size, diameter is below 2 centimetres Give over to kind, with wet fine sand mixing storage custody, stem tuber peeling of the diameter more than 2 centimetres dry commodity.
Beneficial effect:The present invention improve peach plantation field in soil utilization rate, take full advantage of plantation peach and Spatial level between the tuber of pinellia, positive characteristic is liked by peach, and shady and cool growing environment is provided for the tuber of pinellia, also cause orchard worker peach into Before ripe, the yield of the tuber of pinellia is improved, reaches double receipts of peach and the tuber of pinellia, the purpose increased income for peasant economy.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that:For the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)The plantation of peach:
Planting patterns:
Diel is soaked in the solution equipped with 700 times of thiophanate methyls or 500 times of carbendazim before seedling cultivation, is allowed to fully inhale Receive moisture and nursery stock is sterilized, the seedling root after immersion, be put into the mud equipped with root-inducing powder and dip download plant, after plant Watering, earthing lid mulch film moisture-keeping, every line-spacing 3m x 4m, or 2m x 3m in time, pour water for 3-4 days before plant in cave;
Applied fertilizer after plantation:
Apply fertilizer to the subsoil, every mu of organic fertilizer 1500kg-2000kg pours water and the 1500kg- that applies fertilizer to the subsoil for 3-4 days before plant in cave 2000kg;
Field management:
Tillage and weeding, tree disk is organized into outer low and inner high form, prevents from setting rotten of disk internal water accumulation;
Insect pest preventing and controlling:
Peach leaf-curl prevention and controls are that 3-5 ° of Be lime sulfur of spray roots out bacterium source, and peach leaf-curl prevention and controls are in peach exhibition Ye Hou, with 1000 times of 50% sterilization spirit, 500 times of 25% YE KU NING, 500 times of 2% kasugarnycin, day is added to reach 3000-6000 times of organosilicon Liquid alternately sprays;
(2)The plantation of the tuber of pinellia
Seeding method:
0.2 meter~0.3 meter of deep ploughing, thin rake, furrow are wide 1 meter~1.3 meters, high 0.17 meter, 0.3 meter of furrow width, and 0.18 meter of line-spacing is wrong in the ranks The offspring of peach is opened, the stem tuber that color is white, disease-free is selected and is sown into for 10~15 centimetres by spacing in the rows, earth backing compacting, spring and summer autumn Sowed;
Fertilising and top dressing:
Every mu applies 1:1000 kilograms of 3 people and animals' liquid dung;Carry out field to check, in the ranks uproot shallow hoe, 2.5 centimetres of left sides of depth with bar The right side, avoid hindering root, in growth medium, mu is watered 60 kilograms with 30 kilograms of oil cakes and soaked 3~5 days, 1000 are converted with leachate~ 1500 kilograms of cleaning up excrement water impose, or 10 kilograms of ammonium sulfate imposes for 1000 kilograms to cleaning up excrement water, puddles uniformly, is removed in soil with ditch mud Table;
Field management:
When bearing bulbil on petiole, start to earth up, tuber of pinellia Later growth plucks flower bud, makes nutrient concentrate on underground tuber growth;
Insect pest preventing and controlling:
Virosis is prevented and treated, sprays 1000 times of liquid of ZhiBingLing(SIC);Leaf spot and root rot are prevented and treated, sprinkling, pours 50% carbendazim wettable 2000 times of liquid of pulvis or 1% agriculture resist 150 aqua, 300 times of liquid;Thrips, hornworm are prevented and treated, sprays 60% phoxim, 1500 times of liquid;
Harvest and processing:
After the withered flavescence of cauline leaf, select fine day to dig stem tuber, shrug off silt, fresh stem tuber is separated by size, diameter is below 2 centimetres Give over to kind, with wet fine sand mixing storage custody, stem tuber peeling of the diameter more than 2 centimetres dry commodity.
CN201710771143.6A 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia Pending CN107409727A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108142200A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-12 和县万源生态种养殖家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia
CN109105123A (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-01-01 赵南南 A kind of implantation methods of peach interplanting dandelion and mushroom

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105075582A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-25 渠县新市贡和中草药农民专业合作社 Interplanting and symbiotic ethnology for peach trees and radix paeoniae alba
CN106576804A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-04-26 平凉锐博知识产权服务有限公司 High-yield cultivation method of interplanting of pinellia ternata in apple orchards
CN107047220A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-18 合肥轩达农业技术开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of peach

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105075582A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-11-25 渠县新市贡和中草药农民专业合作社 Interplanting and symbiotic ethnology for peach trees and radix paeoniae alba
CN106576804A (en) * 2016-12-07 2017-04-26 平凉锐博知识产权服务有限公司 High-yield cultivation method of interplanting of pinellia ternata in apple orchards
CN107047220A (en) * 2017-06-19 2017-08-18 合肥轩达农业技术开发有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of peach

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
尹平孙: "果林套种旱半夏可增收", 《新农村》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108142200A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-12 和县万源生态种养殖家庭农场 A kind of implantation methods of the peach interplanting tuber of pinellia
CN109105123A (en) * 2018-08-07 2019-01-01 赵南南 A kind of implantation methods of peach interplanting dandelion and mushroom

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Application publication date: 20171201