CN107396255A - Light beam porjection type electronic horn - Google Patents

Light beam porjection type electronic horn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107396255A
CN107396255A CN201710419086.5A CN201710419086A CN107396255A CN 107396255 A CN107396255 A CN 107396255A CN 201710419086 A CN201710419086 A CN 201710419086A CN 107396255 A CN107396255 A CN 107396255A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
light beam
equipment
pixel
electronic horn
projecting
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CN201710419086.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高炎华
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高炎华
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Priority to CN201710419086.5A priority Critical patent/CN107396255A/en
Publication of CN107396255A publication Critical patent/CN107396255A/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/02Details
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R9/00Transducers of moving-coil, moving-strip, or moving-wire type
    • H04R9/06Loudspeakers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of light beam porjection type electronic horn,Including light beam device for projecting,Electronic horn main body and CORTEX A15 process chips,The electronic horn main body includes T iron,Magnet steel,Washer,Frame,Play ripple,Voice coil loudspeaker voice coil,Skeleton,Tear ring open,Cone basin and dust cap,When the loudspeaker are horizontal positioned and towards during the playback of the right,The T iron,The magnet steel,The washer,The frame,The bullet ripple,The voice coil loudspeaker voice coil,The skeleton,It is described to tear ring open,The cone basin and the dust cap are from left to right horizontal positioned successively,The CORTEX A15 process chips are all disposed within the skeleton with the light beam device for projecting,The CORTEX A15 process chips are connected with the light beam device for projecting,For controlling the projecting direction and projection intensity of the light beam device for projecting projection light beam.By means of the invention it is possible to realize the real-time discrimination and irradiation in real time to the criminal of du vehicule.

Description

Light beam porjection type electronic horn

Technical field

The present invention relates to vehicle-mounted horn art, more particularly to a kind of light beam porjection type electronic horn.

Background technology

Loudspeaker size is the bigger the better naturally, and bigbore bass horn can have more preferable performance in low frequency part, and he is It can be selected among choosing.The audio amplifier manufactured with high performance loudspeaker means there is lower transient distortion and more preferable sound Matter.The loudspeaker of common multimedia audio amplifier bass horn are mostly between 3~5 inches.The audio amplifier manufactured with high performance loudspeaker is also anticipated Taste lower transient distortion and more preferable tonequality.

Most common electrodynamic type taper cone loudspeaker.Electrodynamic type conical horn is usual to speak cone loudspeaker in the past, although There is many high polymer material vibrating diaphragms, metal vibration diaphragm simultaneously still based on cone in vibrating diaphragm in 2014, is called with conical horn With regard to worthy of the name.Taper cone loudspeaker substantially by magnetic loop system (permanent magnet, stem, magnetic conductive board), vibrational system (cone, Voice coil loudspeaker voice coil) and support auxiliary system (centring disk, frame, pad side) etc. three parts form.

1. voice coil loudspeaker voice coil:Voice coil loudspeaker voice coil is the driver element of taper cone loudspeaker, and he is to be divided two layers to be wound on paper tube with very thin copper conductor On, tens circles, also known as coil are typically wound with, magnetic conductive core column is positioned over and is doubted with the magnetic that magnetic conductive board is formed in gap.Voice coil loudspeaker voice coil is consolidated with cone It is scheduled on together, after acoustic current-meter signal is passed through voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, voice coil vibrations drive cone to vibrate.

2. cone:Material used in the conical diaphragm of taper cone loudspeaker has many types, typically there is natural fiber and people Make the major class of fiber two.Natural fiber is frequently with cotton, timber, wool, spun silk etc., and staple fibre is then using artificial silk, nylon, glass Fiber etc..Because cone is the acoustic radiating device of loudspeaker, the sound reproduction performance of loudspeaker is decide to a large extent, so No matter any cone, it is desirable to should light rigidity again it is good, it is impossible to because environment temperature, humidity change and deform.

3. ring:Ring be for ensure axial movement of the cone along loudspeaker, limit lateral movement and set, play simultaneously The empty effect for daring circulation before and after stop cone.The material of ring also utilizes plastics, natural rubber in addition to the material of conventional cone Deng by being hot bonding on cone.

4. centring disk:Centring disk is used for the binding site for supporting voice coil loudspeaker voice coil and cone, ensures it vertically without crooked.It is fixed There are many donuts in heart branch piece, voice coil loudspeaker voice coil is freely moved up and down in magnetic gap without moving laterally, ensure voice coil loudspeaker voice coil not Collided with magnetic conductive board.Dust cover on centring disk is to prevent external dust etc. from falling magnetic gap, avoids causing dust and voice coil loudspeaker voice coil Friction, and loudspeaker is produced abnormal sound.

Existing vehicle electronics loudspeaker lack the various intelligent functions related to police service operation, such as identify neighbouring crime Violate, and to the light beam that neighbouring criminal's projection tracks a criminal, to remind police and the neighbouring masses are captured or hidden.

The content of the invention

In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of light beam porjection type electronic horn, by including multiple parallel connections CCD sensing units high precision image collecting device, obtain vehicle periphery image, identify vehicle periphery image in human body subgraph Facial characteristics as in, the facial characteristics in the human body subgraph is matched with criminal's facial characteristics, the match is successful, then Criminal's detection signal is exported, the relative position based on the human body subgraph in the binary image determines the angle of pitch With the azimuth, when receiving criminal's detection signal, the light beam device for projecting is opened, and the pitching will be included Angle and azimuthal projecting direction are sent to the light beam device for projecting to control the light beam device for projecting to neighbouring Criminal projects light beam.

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of light beam porjection type electronic horn, the system project including light beam Equipment, electronic horn main body and CORTEX-A15 process chips, the electronic horn main body include T iron, magnet steel, washer, frame, Play ripple, voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, skeleton, tear ring, cone basin and dust cap open, when the loudspeaker are horizontal positioned and towards during the playback of the right, the T iron, The magnet steel, the washer, the frame, the bullet ripple, the voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, the skeleton, described tear ring, the cone basin and described open Dust cap is from left to right horizontal positioned successively;

Wherein, the CORTEX-A15 process chips are all disposed within the skeleton with the light beam device for projecting, described CORTEX-A15 process chips are connected with the light beam device for projecting, for controlling the throwing of the light beam device for projecting projection light beam Penetrate direction and projection intensity.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The light beam device for projecting and the electronic horn master Body is all disposed within the roof of vehicle, and the light beam device for projecting carries out light beam projection using cold light source.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn, in addition to:Switch drive equipment, is arranged on vehicle In the instrument board of front end, it is connected with the electronic horn main body, for when receiving opening drive signal, opening the electronics loudspeaker Main body is additionally operable to, when receiving closing drive signal, close the electronic horn main body to stop carrying out sound broadcasting Sound plays.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The CORTEX-A15 process chips are arranged on vehicle Front end instrument board in, and be connected with the switch drive equipment.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn, in addition to:

Automatic protection equipment, including vibrating sensor, it is connected with the electronic horn main body, for detecting the electronics loudspeaker Vibration values at main body, and when the vibration values at the electronic horn main body are more than or equal to default vibration threshold, control institute State electronic horn main body and play police whistle sound;

The light-intensity test equipment is arranged on the roof of vehicle, for detecting the irradiation luminous intensity of outside vehicle with defeated Go out real-time lighting intensity;

Light intensity rate of change detection device, it is connected with the light-intensity test equipment, for detecting the change of real-time lighting intensity Rate, when the rate of change of real-time lighting intensity is more than or equal to default rate of change threshold value, sends rate of change and cross high RST, otherwise, hair Go out rate of change normal signal;

Adaptive sensing equipment, it is arranged on the dust cap of the electronic horn main body, is set with the detection of light intensity rate of change Standby connection, for carrying out video data acquiring to vehicle-periphery to export the ambient video being made up of multiframe high-definition image Stream;

The adaptive sensing equipment includes pixel data readout equipment and each pixel data obtains equipment, each picture Plain data acquisition facility includes multiple CCD sensing units in parallel, when receiving the rate of change normal signal, each picture Data that plain data acquisition facility is only sensed using a CCD sensing unit in multiple CCD sensing units in parallel are simultaneously defeated Go out, when receiving the rate of change and crossing high RST, each pixel data obtains equipment by multiple CCD sensing units in parallel The data sensed export after merging, and the pixel data readout equipment obtains equipment with each pixel data respectively and connected Connect, the data of equipment output are obtained using the pixel value as each pixel, each pixel for reading each pixel data respectively Pixel value form a frame high-definition image;

Initial modelling apparatus, it is connected with the adaptive sensing equipment, the first two field picture of the ambient video stream is entered The medium filtering of the pixel filter template of the pixel of row 5 × 5, obtains medium filtering image, and using medium filtering image as initializing Background image output;

Context update equipment, a new two field picture for ambient video stream is often received, to each in a new two field picture Individual pixel is handled as follows as object pixel:By the picture of correspondence position pixel in the pixel value and background image of object pixel Plain value is matched, and the match is successful, then using the object pixel as background dot, it fails to match, then using the object pixel as non- Background dot, in all previous image of statistical environment video flowing, the pixel of the object pixel correspondence position is confirmed as the general of background dot Rate, when probability is more than or equal to predetermined probabilities threshold value, using this in all previous image, object pixel corresponding position is newest is determined The pixel value of the object pixel corresponding position in background image is updated for the pixel value of background dot;The context update equipment exists After above-mentioned processing having been performed to last pixel in a new two field picture, the background image after output renewal;

Foreground segmentation equipment, it is connected with the context update equipment, for a new two field picture for ambient video stream to be subtracted The background image gone after new two field picture renewal of the context update equipment based on ambient video stream, to obtain foreground image Output;Binary conversion treatment equipment, it is connected with the foreground segmentation equipment, for receiving the foreground image, to the foreground picture Picture performs binary conversion treatment to obtain binary image;

Human body detecting device, it is connected with the binary conversion treatment equipment, for receiving the binary image, to described two Target in value image carries out the identification based on default human body motion track, to determine the human body mesh in the binary image Mark, and export human body subgraph that is corresponding with human body target, being split at the binary image;

Facial recognition device, it is connected with the human body detecting device, for identifying that the face in the human body subgraph is special Sign, the facial characteristics in the human body subgraph is matched with criminal's facial characteristics, and the match is successful, then exports criminal's detection Signal, and the relative position based on the human body subgraph in the binary image determines the angle of pitch and the orientation Angle, otherwise, send no criminal's signal;

The CORTEX-A15 process chips are connected with the facial recognition device, for receiving criminal's detection During signal, the light beam device for projecting is opened, and institute will be sent to including the angle of pitch and azimuthal projecting direction State light beam device for projecting;

Wherein, scape of the CORTEX-A15 process chips also based on the human body subgraph in the binary image It is deep to determine that the human body subgraph corresponds to real-time range of the human body target apart from the adaptive sensing equipment;The CORTEX- A15 process chips control the projection intensity of the light beam device for projecting projection light beam based on the real-time range.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The CORTEX-A15 process chips are receiving When stating no criminal's signal, the light beam device for projecting is closed.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn, in addition to:Wireless Telecom Equipment, with the CORTEX- A15 process chips connect, for when receiving criminal's detection signal, at police's monitoring central server of distal end under Newest criminal's facial characteristics is carried, to be transmitted to the facial recognition device by the CORTEX-A15 process chips.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn, in addition to:Ambient parameter collecting device, is arranged on car Top, near the adaptive sensing equipment, for gathering the environmental light brightness near the adaptive sensing equipment To be exported as present intensity.

More specifically, in the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The adaptive sensing equipment includes flash unit, uses In the reception present intensity, and based on the flash intensity of the present intensity adjustment flash unit.

Brief description of the drawings

Embodiment of the present invention is described below with reference to accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the block diagram of the light beam porjection type electronic horn according to embodiment of the present invention.

Reference:1 light beam device for projecting;2 electronic horn main bodys;3 CORTEX-A15 process chips

Embodiment

The embodiment of the light beam porjection type electronic horn of the present invention is described in detail below with reference to accompanying drawings.

Loudspeaker, it is a kind of energy transducer for electric signal being changed into acoustical signal also known as loudspeaker, the performance of loudspeaker The good and bad influence to tonequality is very big.Loudspeaker is a most weak device in stereo set, and for acoustics, He is a most important part again.The species of loudspeaker is various, and price differs greatly.Audio electric energy passes through electromagnetism, pressure Electricity or electrostatic effect, make its cone or diaphragm vibration and produce resonance (sympathetic response) with the air of surrounding and send sound.

For low-grade plastic loudspeaker box because its casing is thin, can not overcome resonance, no tonequality, which can be sayed, (also has the designed plastics in part Audio amplifier will be far better than the wooden acoustic box of poor quality);Wood cabinet reduces the sound dye caused by casing resonance, and tonequality is generally better than Plastic loudspeaker box.

Usual multimedia loudspeaker box is all double unit two divided-frequency designs, and a less loudspeaker is responsible for the output of alt, And another larger loudspeaker is responsible for the output of middle bass.

Select the material that audio amplifier is considered as the two loudspeaker:The voice unit of active multimedia loudspeaker boxes is existing based on soft top dome (in addition with titanium film top dome for simulating source of sound etc.), he is engaged the stiff sense that can reduce high-frequency signal with digital tone source, Give gentle, smooth, fine and smooth sensation.Multimedia loudspeaker box is existing with the soft ball such as the preferable cortina of quality and lower-cost PV films That pushes up is in the majority.

His of bass unit the characteristics of determining the sound of audio amplifier, selection get up it is more relatively important, it is most common have it is following It is several:Cone, there are deposited gummed paper basin, paper substrate wool basin again, to press basin processed etc. several.

Existing vehicle electronics loudspeaker lack the miscellaneous function related to police service operation, can not be by police from numerous and diverse Criminal searches to be freed in operation.In order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, the present invention has built a kind of light beam porjection type electronic horn, uses In solution above-mentioned technical problem.

Fig. 1 is the block diagram of light beam porjection type electronic horn according to embodiment of the present invention, the system Including light beam device for projecting, electronic horn main body and CORTEX-A15 process chips, the electronic horn main body includes T iron, magnetic Steel, washer, frame, play ripple, voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, skeleton, tear ring, cone basin and dust cap open, when the loudspeaker are horizontal positioned and put towards the right During sound, the T iron, the magnet steel, the washer, the frame, it is described bullet ripple, the voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, the skeleton, it is described tear open ring, The cone basin and the dust cap are from left to right horizontal positioned successively;

Wherein, the CORTEX-A15 process chips are all disposed within the skeleton with the light beam device for projecting, described CORTEX-A15 process chips are connected with the light beam device for projecting, for controlling the throwing of the light beam device for projecting projection light beam Penetrate direction and projection intensity.

Then, continue that the concrete structure of the light beam porjection type electronic horn of the present invention is further detailed.

In the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The light beam device for projecting and the electronic horn main body are all disposed within On the roof of vehicle, the light beam device for projecting carries out light beam projection using cold light source.

The light beam porjection type electronic horn also includes:Switch drive equipment, it is arranged in the front end instrument board of vehicle, with The electronic horn main body connection, for when receiving opening drive signal, opening the electronic horn main body to carry out sound Sound plays, and is additionally operable to when receiving closing drive signal, closes the electronic horn main body to stop sound broadcasting.

In the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The CORTEX-A15 process chips are arranged on the front end instrument of vehicle In disk, and it is connected with the switch drive equipment.

The light beam porjection type electronic horn also includes:

Automatic protection equipment, including vibrating sensor, it is connected with the electronic horn main body, for detecting the electronics loudspeaker Vibration values at main body, and when the vibration values at the electronic horn main body are more than or equal to default vibration threshold, control institute State electronic horn main body and play police whistle sound;

The light-intensity test equipment is arranged on the roof of vehicle, for detecting the irradiation luminous intensity of outside vehicle with defeated Go out real-time lighting intensity;

Light intensity rate of change detection device, it is connected with the light-intensity test equipment, for detecting the change of real-time lighting intensity Rate, when the rate of change of real-time lighting intensity is more than or equal to default rate of change threshold value, sends rate of change and cross high RST, otherwise, hair Go out rate of change normal signal;

Adaptive sensing equipment, it is arranged on the dust cap of the electronic horn main body, is set with the detection of light intensity rate of change Standby connection, for carrying out video data acquiring to vehicle-periphery to export the ambient video being made up of multiframe high-definition image Stream;

The adaptive sensing equipment includes pixel data readout equipment and each pixel data obtains equipment, each picture Plain data acquisition facility includes multiple CCD sensing units in parallel, when receiving the rate of change normal signal, each picture Data that plain data acquisition facility is only sensed using a CCD sensing unit in multiple CCD sensing units in parallel are simultaneously defeated Go out, when receiving the rate of change and crossing high RST, each pixel data obtains equipment by multiple CCD sensing units in parallel The data sensed export after merging, and the pixel data readout equipment obtains equipment with each pixel data respectively and connected Connect, the data of equipment output are obtained using the pixel value as each pixel, each pixel for reading each pixel data respectively Pixel value form a frame high-definition image;

Initial modelling apparatus, it is connected with the adaptive sensing equipment, the first two field picture of the ambient video stream is entered The medium filtering of the pixel filter template of the pixel of row 5 × 5, obtains medium filtering image, and using medium filtering image as initializing Background image output;

Context update equipment, a new two field picture for ambient video stream is often received, to each in a new two field picture Individual pixel is handled as follows as object pixel:By the picture of correspondence position pixel in the pixel value and background image of object pixel Plain value is matched, and the match is successful, then using the object pixel as background dot, it fails to match, then using the object pixel as non- Background dot, in all previous image of statistical environment video flowing, the pixel of the object pixel correspondence position is confirmed as the general of background dot Rate, when probability is more than or equal to predetermined probabilities threshold value, using this in all previous image, object pixel corresponding position is newest is determined The pixel value of the object pixel corresponding position in background image is updated for the pixel value of background dot;The context update equipment exists After above-mentioned processing having been performed to last pixel in a new two field picture, the background image after output renewal;

Foreground segmentation equipment, it is connected with the context update equipment, for a new two field picture for ambient video stream to be subtracted The background image gone after new two field picture renewal of the context update equipment based on ambient video stream, to obtain foreground image Output;Binary conversion treatment equipment, it is connected with the foreground segmentation equipment, for receiving the foreground image, to the foreground picture Picture performs binary conversion treatment to obtain binary image;

Human body detecting device, it is connected with the binary conversion treatment equipment, for receiving the binary image, to described two Target in value image carries out the identification based on default human body motion track, to determine the human body mesh in the binary image Mark, and export human body subgraph that is corresponding with human body target, being split at the binary image;

Facial recognition device, it is connected with the human body detecting device, for identifying that the face in the human body subgraph is special Sign, the facial characteristics in the human body subgraph is matched with criminal's facial characteristics, and the match is successful, then exports criminal's detection Signal, and the relative position based on the human body subgraph in the binary image determines the angle of pitch and the orientation Angle, otherwise, send no criminal's signal;

The CORTEX-A15 process chips are connected with the facial recognition device, for receiving criminal's detection During signal, the light beam device for projecting is opened, and institute will be sent to including the angle of pitch and azimuthal projecting direction State light beam device for projecting;

Wherein, scape of the CORTEX-A15 process chips also based on the human body subgraph in the binary image It is deep to determine that the human body subgraph corresponds to real-time range of the human body target apart from the adaptive sensing equipment;The CORTEX- A15 process chips control the projection intensity of the light beam device for projecting projection light beam based on the real-time range.

In the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The CORTEX-A15 process chips are receiving no criminal's letter Number when, close the light beam device for projecting.

The light beam porjection type electronic horn also includes:Wireless Telecom Equipment, connect with the CORTEX-A15 process chips Connect, for when receiving criminal's detection signal, newest criminal to be downloaded at police's monitoring central server of distal end Facial characteristics, to be transmitted to the facial recognition device by the CORTEX-A15 process chips.

The light beam porjection type electronic horn also includes:Ambient parameter collecting device, be arranged on vehicle top, it is described from Adapt near sensing equipment, for gathering the environmental light brightness near the adaptive sensing equipment using defeated as present intensity Go out.

In the light beam porjection type electronic horn:The adaptive sensing equipment includes flash unit, for receiving Present intensity is stated, and the flash intensity of the flash unit is adjusted based on the present intensity.

In addition, medium filtering have to impulsive noise it is good filter out effect, particularly while noise is filtered out, Neng Goubao The edge of signal is protected, is allowed to not be blurred.These good characteristics are that linear filter method is not had.In addition, medium filtering Algorithm comparison it is simple, be also easy to be realized with hardware.So median filter method is after proposition, just in Digital Signal Processing Neck obtains important application.

Medium filtering is a kind of nonlinear signal processing technology that can effectively suppress noise based on sequencing statistical theory, in The general principle of value filtering is the value any in digital picture or Serial No. with each point value in a neighborhood of the point Value replaces, and allows the close actual value of the pixel value of surrounding, so as to eliminate isolated noise spot.Method is the two dimension with certain structure Sleiding form, pixel in plate is ranked up according to the size of pixel value, generation monotone increasing (or decline) for 2-D data Sequence.Two dimension median filter output is g (x, y)=med { f (x-k, y-l), (k, l ∈ W) }, wherein, f (x, y), g (x, y) points Wei not original image and image after processing.W is two dimension pattern plate, usually 3*3,5*5 regions or different shapes, It is circular such as wire, cross, annular etc..

Using the light beam porjection type electronic horn of the present invention, it is difficult to participate in police service for vehicle electronics loudspeaker in the prior art The technical problem of work, by transforming the hardware configuration of existing electronic horn, integrate it is multiple targetedly, high-precision figure As neighbouring criminal is identified for collecting device and image recognition apparatus, when recognizing criminal, throwing is oriented using light beam Penetrate, so as to help police to carry out the search of street corner criminal, improve the intelligent level of itself.

It is understood that although the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, but above-described embodiment and it is not used to Limit the present invention.For any those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of the technical proposal of the invention, Many possible changes and modifications are all made to technical solution of the present invention using the technology contents of the disclosure above, or are revised as With the equivalent embodiment of change.Therefore, every content without departing from technical solution of the present invention, the technical spirit pair according to the present invention Any simple modifications, equivalents, and modifications made for any of the above embodiments, still fall within the scope of technical solution of the present invention protection It is interior.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of light beam porjection type electronic horn, including light beam device for projecting, electronic horn main body and CORTEX-A15 processing cores Piece, the electronic horn main body include T iron, magnet steel, washer, frame, play ripple, voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, skeleton, tear ring, cone basin and dust cap open, when The loudspeaker are horizontal positioned and towards during the playback of the right, the T iron, the magnet steel, the washer, the frame, the bullet ripple, The voice coil loudspeaker voice coil, the skeleton, ring, the cone basin and the dust cap torn open are from left to right horizontal positioned successively, described CORTEX-A15 process chips are all disposed within the skeleton with the light beam device for projecting, the CORTEX-A15 process chips It is connected with the light beam device for projecting, the projecting direction and projection for controlling the light beam device for projecting projection light beam are strong Degree.
2. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The light beam device for projecting and the electronic horn main body are all disposed within the roof of vehicle, and the light beam device for projecting is adopted Light beam projection is carried out with cold light source.
3. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that also include:
Switch drive equipment, it is arranged in the front end instrument board of vehicle, is connected with the electronic horn main body, for receiving When opening drive signal, the electronic horn main body is opened to carry out sound broadcasting, is additionally operable to receiving closing drive signal When, the electronic horn main body is closed to stop sound broadcasting.
4. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:
The CORTEX-A15 process chips are arranged in the front end instrument board of vehicle, and are connected with the switch drive equipment.
5. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that also include:
Automatic protection equipment, including vibrating sensor, it is connected with the electronic horn main body, for detecting the electronic horn master Vibration values at body, and when the vibration values at the electronic horn main body are more than or equal to default vibration threshold, control the electricity Sub- horn main body plays police whistle sound;
The light-intensity test equipment is arranged on the roof of vehicle, for detecting the irradiation luminous intensity of outside vehicle to export reality When intensity of illumination;
Light intensity rate of change detection device, it is connected with the light-intensity test equipment, for detecting the rate of change of real-time lighting intensity, when When the rate of change of real-time lighting intensity is more than or equal to default rate of change threshold value, sends rate of change and cross high RST, otherwise, send change Rate normal signal;
Adaptive sensing equipment, it is arranged on the dust cap of the electronic horn main body, connects with light intensity rate of change detection device Connect, for carrying out video data acquiring to vehicle-periphery to export the ambient video stream being made up of multiframe high-definition image;
The adaptive sensing equipment includes pixel data readout equipment and each pixel data obtains equipment, each pixel count Include multiple CCD sensing units in parallel, when receiving the rate of change normal signal, each pixel count according to equipment is obtained The data only sensed according to acquisition equipment using a CCD sensing unit in multiple CCD sensing units in parallel and output, when When receiving the rate of change and crossing high RST, each pixel data obtains equipment and is felt multiple CCD sensing units in parallel The data answered export after merging, and the pixel data readout equipment obtains equipment with each pixel data respectively and is connected, and uses The data of equipment output are obtained using the pixel value as each pixel, the pixel of each pixel in reading each pixel data respectively Value one frame high-definition image of composition;
Initial modelling apparatus, it is connected with the adaptive sensing equipment, 5 pictures is carried out to the first two field picture of the ambient video stream Element × 5 pixel filter template medium filtering, obtain medium filtering image, and using medium filtering image as initialize background Image exports;
Context update equipment, a new two field picture for ambient video stream is often received, to each picture in a new two field picture Element is handled as follows as object pixel:By the pixel value of correspondence position pixel in the pixel value and background image of object pixel Matched, the match is successful, then using the object pixel as background dot, it fails to match, then using the object pixel as non-background Point, in all previous image of statistical environment video flowing, the pixel of the object pixel correspondence position is confirmed as the probability of background dot, when When probability is more than or equal to predetermined probabilities threshold value, using this in all previous image, object pixel corresponding position is newest is confirmed as background The pixel value of the object pixel corresponding position in the pixel value renewal background image of point;The context update equipment is to new After last pixel in one two field picture has performed above-mentioned processing, the background image after output renewal;
Foreground segmentation equipment, it is connected with the context update equipment, for a new two field picture for ambient video stream to be subtracted into institute The background image after new two field picture renewal of the context update equipment based on ambient video stream is stated, it is defeated to obtain foreground image Go out;
Binary conversion treatment equipment, it is connected with the foreground segmentation equipment, for receiving the foreground image, to the foreground image Binary conversion treatment is performed to obtain binary image;
Human body detecting device, it is connected with the binary conversion treatment equipment, for receiving the binary image, to the binaryzation Target in image carries out the identification based on default human body motion track, to determine the human body target in the binary image, And export human body subgraph that is corresponding with human body target, being split at the binary image;
Facial recognition device, it is connected with the human body detecting device, will for identifying the facial characteristics in the human body subgraph Facial characteristics in the human body subgraph is matched with criminal's facial characteristics, and the match is successful, then exports criminal's detection signal, It is no and the relative position based on the human body subgraph in the binary image determines the angle of pitch and the azimuth Then, no criminal's signal is sent;
The CORTEX-A15 process chips are connected with the facial recognition device, for receiving criminal's detection signal When, the light beam device for projecting is opened, and the light will be sent to including the angle of pitch and azimuthal projecting direction Post device for projecting;
Wherein, the depth of field of the CORTEX-A15 process chips also based on the human body subgraph in the binary image is true The fixed human body subgraph corresponds to real-time range of the human body target apart from the adaptive sensing equipment;
Wherein, the CORTEX-A15 process chips control the light beam device for projecting projection light beam based on the real-time range Project intensity.
6. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:
The CORTEX-A15 process chips close the light beam device for projecting when receiving no criminal's signal.
7. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that also include:
Wireless Telecom Equipment, it is connected with the CORTEX-A15 process chips, for when receiving criminal's detection signal, Newest criminal's facial characteristics is downloaded at police's monitoring central server of distal end, to handle core by the CORTEX-A15 Piece is transmitted to the facial recognition device.
8. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that also include:
Ambient parameter collecting device, be arranged on the top of vehicle, near the adaptive sensing equipment, for gather it is described from The environmental light brightness near sensing equipment is adapted to be exported as present intensity.
9. light beam porjection type electronic horn as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:
The adaptive sensing equipment includes flash unit, is adjusted for receiving the present intensity, and based on the present intensity The flash intensity of the whole flash unit.
CN201710419086.5A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 Light beam porjection type electronic horn CN107396255A (en)

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PCT/CN2017/091155 WO2018223462A1 (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-30 Light pillar projection type electronic loudspeaker

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