CN107394844B - A kind of portable power source device and control method of highly reliable strong adaptability - Google Patents

A kind of portable power source device and control method of highly reliable strong adaptability Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107394844B
CN107394844B CN201710684092.3A CN201710684092A CN107394844B CN 107394844 B CN107394844 B CN 107394844B CN 201710684092 A CN201710684092 A CN 201710684092A CN 107394844 B CN107394844 B CN 107394844B
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China
Prior art keywords
power supply
module
battery
self
electrically
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Active
Application number
CN201710684092.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107394844A (en
Inventor
傅晓乐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Holdstorm Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Holdstorm Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2017104688828 priority Critical
Priority to CN201710468882 priority
Application filed by Guangzhou Holdstorm Science and Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Holdstorm Science and Technology Co Ltd
Publication of CN107394844A publication Critical patent/CN107394844A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107394844B publication Critical patent/CN107394844B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0014Circuits for equalisation of charge between batteries
    • H02J7/0019Circuits for equalisation of charge between batteries using switched or multiplexed charge circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0022Management of charging with batteries permanently connected to charge circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0024Parallel/serial switching of connection of batteries to charge or load circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0026Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries acting upon several batteries simultaneously or sequentially using safety or protection circuits, e.g. overcharge/discharge disconnection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J9/00Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting
    • H02J9/04Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source
    • H02J9/06Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source with automatic change-over, e.g. UPS systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/425Structural combination with electronic components, e.g. electronic circuits integrated to the outside of the casing
    • H01M10/4257Smart batteries, e.g. electronic circuits inside the housing of the cells or batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

The present invention relates to power supply design and control technology fields, specifically disclose a kind of portable power source device of highly reliable strong adaptability, including at least two self-adjusting power supply modules, comprehensive control module, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge changeover module and charging assembly, it further include shockproof frame assembly, comprehensive control module is attached with each link block respectively, and power source charges changeover module is attached with charging assembly and is electrically connected with each self-adjusting power supply module.The present invention discloses a kind of mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability again, comprising: step 1, battery detection module detect all batteries, step 2, judge cell damage, replaces fail battery, step 3, judge cell voltage threshold values, electricity adjustment control, step 4 judge the requirement of power supply-charging, step 5 controls power supply-charging.It is sustainable that the present invention coordinates power supply charge and discharge, and power supply power supply is made to have high reliability, improves power supply to the adaptability of extreme environmental conditions.

Description

A kind of portable power source device and control method of highly reliable strong adaptability
Technical field
The present invention relates to power supply design and control technology fields, and in particular to a kind of mobile power source of highly reliable strong adaptability Device and control method.
Background technique
Communication truck plays an important role in ensureing communication task, and the power source performance of communication truck not only affects communication and appoints Can business smoothly complete, and have tremendous influence to the performance of communication task efficiency, and it is most basic to influence communication truck performance Be also it is most important equipment be exactly power source equipment, power source equipment consists of three parts: power generating equipment, power conversion equipment with And electrical energy storage.But the power source equipment of communication truck is generally existing because Individual cells damage causes power source equipment to export in vain Problem, it is low there is also supplying cell capacity and the problem of be unable to pondage, while the reliable battery management system of lack of wisdom. In addition, military communication vehicle has more higher requirement to power source equipment technology, when military communication vehicle requires electrical energy storage long Between continue to power, but be not allow the generating equipment that turns on the power in some special cases, so needing planned to turn on the power Generating equipment, and vehicle is in the process of moving, since road conditions are jolted various failures, existing electricity caused by causing jerk Source equipment can not solve the above problems, and not have the characteristics of highly reliable strong adaptability.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, it is necessary to for above-mentioned problem, propose a kind of highly reliable strong adaptability portable power source device and Control method.
To achieve the above object, the present invention takes technical solution below:
A kind of portable power source device of highly reliable strong adaptability includes at least two self-adjusting power supply modules, comprehensively control mould Block, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge changeover module and charging assembly, the portable power source device and DC load carry out electricity Property connection;
The comprehensive control module respectively with self-adjusting power supply module, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge switch groups Part, charging assembly are attached, and comprehensive control module is for controlling self-adjusting power supply module, power source charges changeover module, power supply Discharge changeover module, charging assembly work, and reads the detection information of self-adjusting power supply module;
The charging assembly is electrically connected with power source charges changeover module, power source charges changeover module again with it is each from Adjustment power supply module is electrically connected, and charging assembly is used to charge to self-adjusting power supply module, and power source charges changeover module is used In switching self-adjusting power supply module, make charging assembly to specified self-adjusting power supply module charging;
The DC load is electrically connected with corona discharge changeover module, corona discharge changeover module again with it is each from Adjustment power supply module is electrically connected, and corona discharge changeover module makes specified self-regulated for switching self-adjusting power supply module Whole power supply module supplies electricity to DC load;
The self-adjusting power supply module is as battery backup, rechargeable battery set or supplying cell group, for detecting automatically Battery status simultaneously intelligently replaces fail battery, ensures normal power supply output;
The DC load is used to carry out enabled effect using self-adjusting power supply module.
Further, the self-adjusting power supply module includes power supply series-connected cell group, at least one failure replacement standby electricity Pond, at least one fail battery switch, battery detection module;
The power supply series-connected cell group includes the supplying cell of at least two series connections;
Each failure replacement reserve battery is electrically connected at least one fail battery switch, a fail battery A supplying cell of the switch correspondingly with power supply series-connected cell group is electrically connected;
The power source charges changeover module is electrically connected with each power supply series-connected cell group respectively;
The corona discharge changeover module is electrically connected with each power supply series-connected cell group respectively;
The power supply series-connected cell group supplies electricity to DC load for providing direct current, stores the electric energy provided by charging assembly;
Failure backup battery of the failure replacement reserve battery as self-adjusting power supply module, for described in quick replacement The fail battery of self-adjusting power supply module ensures the self-adjusting power supply module and works normally;
The battery detection module is carried out with each supplying cell, failure replacement reserve battery, comprehensive control module respectively It is electrically connected, is sent to comprehensive control module for detecting battery status and will test information;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module respectively with each fail battery switch is electrically connected;
The fail battery switch is as switching switch, for making the failure replacement reserve battery quick replacement self-regulated The fail battery of whole power supply module.
Further, the self-adjusting power supply module further includes at least one electricity adjustment battery pack and at least one electricity Adjust switch;
One electricity adjustment battery pack includes the electricity adjustment battery that one or more is connected in parallel;
One electricity adjustment battery pack, an electricity adjustment switch successively carry out correspondingly with a supplying cell It is electrically connected;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module respectively with each electricity adjustment switch is electrically connected;
The electricity adjustment switch is used as switching switch, quickly electric with power supply for making specified electricity adjust battery pack Pond be electrically connected in parallel;
The electricity adjustment battery is used to adjust the electricity of self-adjusting power supply module;
The battery detection module is electrically connected with each electricity adjustment battery respectively again, and for detecting electricity tune The state of whole battery, and will test information and be transmitted to comprehensive control module.
Further, each failure replacement reserve battery is electrically connected at least one fail battery switch, and one A fail battery switch is electrically connected with an electricity adjustment battery correspondingly;
The comprehensive control module is electrically connected with each fail battery switch respectively.
Further, the charging assembly includes AC power unit and rectification charging unit;
The AC power unit is the AC power unit using generator or AC network power supply facilities;
The rectification charging unit is electrically connected with AC power unit, for by AC rectification at be used for from Adjust the direct current of power supply module charging;
The rectification charging unit is electrically connected with power source charges changeover module again;
The comprehensive control module is electrically connected with AC power unit or rectification charging unit.
Further, the power source charges changeover module includes several first D.C. contactors, the first different direct currents It is attached between contactor using the mode of connection of electrical interlocks;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module respectively with each first D.C. contactor is electrically connected, and each first The input terminal of D.C. contactor is all electrically connected with charging assembly, the outlet terminal of first D.C. contactor It is electrically connected correspondingly with a self-adjusting power supply module;
The corona discharge changeover module includes several second D.C. contactors, between the second different D.C. contactors It is attached using the mode of connection of electrical interlocks;
Control terminal respectively with each second D.C. contactor is electrically connected the comprehensive control module again, and one the The input terminal of two D.C. contactors is electrically connected correspondingly with a self-adjusting power supply module, and each second is straight The outlet terminal of stream contactor is all electrically connected with DC load.
Further, the portable power source device of the highly reliable strong adaptability further includes installation cabinet body component and shockproof frame set Part;
The installation cabinet body component is installed in shockproof frame assembly, for loading self-adjusting power supply module, comprehensively control Module, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge changeover module and charging assembly;
The installation cabinet body component includes the installation cabinet body that one or more is mutually permanently connected.
Further, each installation cabinet body is designed at least one temperature control equipment, each temperature control equipment all with Comprehensive control module is electrically connected, and the temperature control equipment is for adjusting the intracorporal environment temperature of Installation cabinet.
Further, the shockproof frame assembly includes outer framework, elastic shock attenuation component, inner frame;
The outer framework is hollow cabinet shape structure, as the installation frame of elastic shock attenuation component, for nationality by elastic shock attenuation Component carries inner frame;
The inner frame is set in outer framework, is hollow cabinet shape structure, for installing, carrying, fix or placing Installation cabinet Body component, and interact with elastic shock attenuation component;
One end of the elastic shock attenuation component is fixedly mounted or is connected on the interior wall construction of outer framework, elastic shock attenuation component The other end be fixedly mounted or be connected on the outer wall construction of inner frame, elastic shock attenuation component for bumper and absorbing shock to protection in Installation cabinet body component in frame;
The elastic shock attenuation component includes at least three damping spring parts, at least four elastic spacing ones, at least one left side Side longitudinal direction shock absorber part, the longitudinal shock absorber part at least one right side;
Bottom in the outer framework, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with one end of at least one damping spring part, to be connect, The other end is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the bottom surface outside inner frame and connect;
Left side in the outer framework, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with one end of at least one damping spring part, to be connect, Its other end is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the left side outside inner frame and connect;
Right side in the outer framework, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with one end of at least one damping spring part, to be connect, Its other end is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the right side outside inner frame and connect;
The damping spring part is for carrying inner frame and buffering lateral and vertical vibration;
Top surface, bottom surface, left side and right side in the outer framework are all fixed at least one elastic spacing one;
The elastic spacing one avoids the displacement of inner frame super for limiting to the transverse direction of inner frame with vertical deviation The elastic limit position of damping spring part out;
One end of left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is fixed at the left side in outer framework, the left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part it is another One end is fixed at the left side outside inner frame, and left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is used to prevent the inclination of inner frame longitudinal direction, and buffering is longitudinal Vibration;
One end of right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is fixed at the right side in outer framework, the right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part it is another One end is fixed at the right side outside inner frame, and right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is used to prevent the inclination of inner frame longitudinal direction, and buffering is longitudinal Vibration.
A kind of mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability, the mobile electricity applied to a kind of highly reliable strong adaptability Source device, method includes the following steps:
Step 1, the supplying cell of the battery detection module detection power supply series-connected cell group, failure replace reserve battery The voltage parameter of battery is adjusted with the electricity of electricity adjustment battery pack, and will test information and reach comprehensive control module;
Step 2, judges whether supplying cell, failure replacement reserve battery and electricity adjustment battery damage failure, if judgement To be the supplying cell and/or electricity adjustment battery for calling normal failure to replace reserve battery substitution damage failure, stop The failure of service failure failure replaces reserve battery, and comprehensive control module exports alarm signal, then executes step 1;
Three are thened follow the steps if being judged as NO;
Step 3, judges whether power supply series-connected cell group is lower than a first voltage threshold values set by comprehensive control module, Electricity adjustment battery pack is controlled if being judged as YES to be connected in parallel with corresponding supplying cell, then executes step 1;
Four are thened follow the steps if being judged as NO;
Step 4, judges whether the voltage of each self-adjusting power supply module reaches one second set by comprehensive control module Threshold voltage, the self-adjusting power supply module for reaching second voltage threshold values are allowed to output power supply, lower than second voltage threshold values from Adjustment power supply module is prohibited output power supply, but is allowed to input charging;
Step 5, the comprehensive control module selection have been allowed to the highest self-adjusting power supply of both end voltage of output power supply Component nationality carries out electrical connection by specified corona discharge changeover module and DC load;
The comprehensive control module works according to instruction control charging assembly and/or specified corona discharge changeover module;
The minimum self-adjusting power supply module nationality of the both end voltage that the comprehensive control module selection has been allowed to input charging Electrical connection is carried out by specified power source charges changeover module and charging assembly;
The comprehensive control module works according to the specified power source charges changeover module of instruction control.
The invention has the benefit that
The portable power source device and method of a kind of highly reliable strong adaptability of the invention, select it by comprehensive control module In self-adjusting power supply module carry out stable power-supplying and selection wherein another self-adjusting power supply module filled in due course The mode and structure of electricity, carry out power supply charge and discharge in phase, switch substitution fail battery by reserve battery and adjustment supplies The mode and structure of power consumption make power supply power supply have high reliability sustainability, pass through shockproof mobile cabinet body structure and temperature Regulating device improves power supply to the adaptability of extreme environmental conditions, keeps the portable power source device anti-with multi-faceted against shock The ability of impact, convenient for loading of the portable power source device on vehicle, ship and island and use.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the portable power source device of highly reliable strong adaptability of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of self-adjusting power supply module of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the connection schematic diagram that electricity of the invention adjusts battery pack and electricity adjusts switch;
Fig. 4 is the connection schematic diagram that electricity of the invention adjusts battery pack and fail battery switch;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of charging assembly of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of installation cabinet body component and shockproof frame assembly of the invention;
Fig. 7 is Fig. 6'sBLocate partial enlargement diagram;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 6'sALocate enlarged partial sectional view;
Fig. 9 is a kind of work flow diagram of the mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability of the invention.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, to this hair Bright technical solution work further clearly and completely describes.It should be noted that described embodiment is only the present invention one Section Example, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is to be appreciated that term " on ", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", The orientation or positional relationship of instructions such as " sides " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of describing this hair Bright and simplified description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with specific orientation Construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Term " first ", " second " be used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance or Implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic." first " is defined as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or imply Ground includes one or more of the features.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of portable power source device of highly reliable strong adaptability includes at least two self-adjusting power supply modules 1, comprehensive control module 2, power source charges changeover module 3, corona discharge changeover module 4 and charging assembly 5, the portable power source device It is electrically connected with DC load 6;
The comprehensive control module 2 respectively with self-adjusting power supply module 1, the control terminal of power source charges changeover module 3, power supply The discharge control terminal of changeover module 4, charging assembly 5 is attached, comprehensive control module 2 for control self-adjusting power supply module 1, Power source charges changeover module 3, corona discharge changeover module 4, charging assembly 5 work, and read the inspection of self-adjusting power supply module 1 Measurement information;
The charging current input terminal of the charging assembly 5 and power source charges changeover module 3 is electrically connected, power source charges The charging current output end of changeover module 3 is electrically connected with each self-adjusting power supply module 1 again, and charging assembly 5 is for giving Self-adjusting power supply module 1 charges, and power source charges changeover module 3 makes charging assembly 5 to finger for switching self-adjusting power supply module 1 Fixed self-adjusting power supply module 1 charges;
The DC load 6 and the supply current output end of corona discharge changeover module 4 are electrically connected, corona discharge The supply current input terminal of changeover module 4 is electrically connected with each self-adjusting power supply module 1 again, corona discharge changeover module 4, for switching self-adjusting power supply module 1, make specified self-adjusting power supply module 1 supply electricity to DC load 6;
The self-adjusting power supply module 1 is as battery backup, rechargeable battery set or supplying cell group, for detecting automatically Battery status simultaneously intelligently replaces fail battery, ensures normal power supply output;
The DC load 6 is used to carry out enabled effect using self-adjusting power supply module 1.
As shown in Fig. 2, self-adjusting power supply module 1 includes power supply series-connected cell group 11, at least one failure replacement standby electricity Pond 12, at least one fail battery switch 13, battery detection module 14;
The power supply series-connected cell group 11 includes at least two supplying cells 111 being connected in series;
The supply current input terminal of each failure replacement reserve battery 12 and at least one fail battery switch 13 carries out Be electrically connected, the supply current output end of a fail battery switch 13 correspondingly with power supply series-connected cell group 11 one A supplying cell 111 is electrically connected;
The charging current output end of the power source charges changeover module 3 carries out electricity with each power supply series-connected cell group 11 respectively Property connection;
The supply current input terminal of the corona discharge changeover module 4 carries out electricity with each power supply series-connected cell group 11 respectively Property connection;
The power supply series-connected cell group 11 supplies electricity to DC load 6 for providing direct current, stores the electricity provided by charging assembly 5 Energy;
Failure backup battery of the failure replacement reserve battery 12 as self-adjusting power supply module 1, is used for quick replacement The fail battery of the self-adjusting power supply module 1 ensures the self-adjusting power supply module 1 and works normally;
The battery detection module 14 replaces reserve battery 13, comprehensively control mould with each supplying cell 111, failure respectively Block 2 is electrically connected, and is sent to comprehensive control module 2 for detecting battery status and will test information;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module 2 respectively with each fail battery switch 13 is electrically connected;
The fail battery switch 13 is as switching switch, for making failure replacement 12 quick replacement of reserve battery The fail battery of self-adjusting power supply module 1.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, self-adjusting power supply module 1 further includes at least one electricity adjustment battery pack 15 and at least one Electricity adjusts switch 16;
One electricity adjustment battery pack 15 includes the electricity adjustment battery 151 that one or more is connected in parallel;
One 15, electricity adjustment switch 151 of electricity adjustment battery pack and a supplying cell 111 are correspondingly Successively it is electrically connected;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module 2 respectively with each electricity adjustment switch 16 is electrically connected;
Electricity adjustment switch 16 as switching switch, for make specified electricity adjust battery pack 15 quickly with confession Battery 111 be electrically connected in parallel;
The electricity adjustment battery 151 is used to adjust the electricity of self-adjusting power supply module 1;
The battery detection module 14 is electrically connected with each electricity adjustment battery 151 respectively again, and for detecting Electricity adjusts the state of battery 151, and will test information and be transmitted to comprehensive control module 2;
The supply current input terminal of each failure replacement reserve battery 12 and at least one fail battery switch 13 carries out It is electrically connected, the supply current output end of a fail battery switch 13 adjusts battery 151 with an electricity correspondingly It is electrically connected;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module 2 respectively with each fail battery switch 13 is electrically connected.
As shown in figure 5, the charging assembly 5 includes AC power unit 51 and rectification charging unit 52;
The AC power unit 51 is the AC power unit using generator or AC network power supply facilities;
The ac input end of the rectification charging unit 52 is electrically connected with AC power unit 51, for that will exchange Electric rectification is at the direct current for charging to self-adjusting power supply module 1;
The DC output end of the rectification charging unit 52 and the charging current input terminal of power source charges changeover module 3 carry out It is electrically connected;
The comprehensive control module 2 is electrically connected with AC power unit 51 or rectification charging unit 52.
As shown in Figure 1, the power source charges changeover module 3 includes several first D.C. contactors, different first is straight It is attached between stream contactor using the mode of connection of electrical interlocks;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module 2 respectively with each first D.C. contactor is electrically connected, Ge Ge The input terminal of one D.C. contactor is all electrically connected with charging assembly 5, and the output of first D.C. contactor connects Line end is electrically connected correspondingly with a self-adjusting power supply module 1;
The corona discharge changeover module 4 include several second D.C. contactors, the second different D.C. contactors it Between be attached using the modes of connection of electrical interlocks;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module 2 again respectively with each second D.C. contactor is electrically connected, and one The input terminal of second D.C. contactor is electrically connected correspondingly with a self-adjusting power supply module 1, Mei Ge The outlet terminal of two D.C. contactors is all electrically connected with DC load 6.
As shown in fig. 6, the portable power source device further includes installation cabinet body component 11 and shockproof frame assembly 9;
The installation cabinet body component 11 is installed in shockproof frame assembly 9, for loading self-adjusting power supply module 1, synthesis Control module 2, power source charges changeover module 3, corona discharge changeover module 4 and charging assembly 5;
The installation cabinet body component 11 includes the installation cabinet body 111 that one or more is mutually permanently connected;
Each installation cabinet body 111 is designed at least one temperature control equipment, and each temperature control equipment is all controlled with comprehensive Molding block 2 is electrically connected, and the temperature control equipment is used to adjust the environment temperature in installation cabinet body 111;
The shockproof frame assembly 9 includes outer framework 96, elastic shock attenuation component, inner frame 95;
The outer framework 96 is that hollow cabinet shape structure is subtracted for nationality by elasticity as the installation frame of elastic shock attenuation component It shakes component and carries inner frame 95;
The inner frame 95 is set in outer framework 96, is hollow cabinet shape structure, for installing, carrying, fix or placing peace Cabinet body component 11 is filled, and is interacted with elastic shock attenuation component;
One end of the elastic shock attenuation component is fixedly mounted or is connected on the interior wall construction of outer framework 96, elastic shock attenuation group The other end of part is fixedly mounted or is connected on the outer wall construction of inner frame 95, and elastic shock attenuation component is protected for bumper and absorbing shock Protect the installation cabinet body component 11 in inner frame 95;
The elastic shock attenuation component includes at least three damping spring parts 91, at least four elastic spacing ones 92, at least one A left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part, the longitudinal shock absorber part 93 at least one right side;
One end of 96 bottom and at least one damping spring part 91 is clamped or the company of fixed installation in the outer framework It connects, the other end is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the bottom surface outside inner frame 95 and connect;
One end of left side and at least one damping spring part 91 in the outer framework 96 is clamped or is fixedly mounted Connection, the other end are clamped or are fixedly mounted with the left side outside inner frame 95 and connect;
One end of right side and at least one damping spring part 91 in the outer framework 96 is clamped or is fixedly mounted Connection, the other end are clamped or are fixedly mounted with the right side outside inner frame 95 and connect;
The damping spring part 91 is for carrying inner frame 95 and buffering lateral and vertical vibration;
Top surface, bottom surface, left side and right side in the outer framework 96 are all fixed at least one elastic spacing one 92;
The elastic spacing one 92 avoids inner frame 95 for limiting to the transverse direction of inner frame 95 with vertical deviation Displacement exceeds the elastic limit position of damping spring part 91;
One end of left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is fixed at the left side in outer framework 96, left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part The other end is fixed at the left side outside inner frame 95, and left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is used to prevent the inclination of the longitudinal direction of inner frame 95, delays Rush longitudinal vibration;
One end of right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part 93 is fixed at the right side in outer framework 96, right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part 93 other end is fixed at the right side outside inner frame 95, and what right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part 93 was used to prevent inner frame 95 longitudinal inclines Tiltedly, longitudinal vibration is buffered.
As shown in fig. 7, the outer framework 96 further includes the shockproof wheel 101 of at least three bearings;
The shockproof wheel 101 of bearing is fixed at the bottom surface of outer framework 96, for making outer framework 96 or the mobile power source Device slide displacement.
As shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 8, the 95 external right side face of inner frame is equipped at least one right groove structure 100;
Right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part 93 includes the second band guiding axis hole connecting rod 931, the second left damping spring 932, the Two right damping springs 933 and the second guiding axis 934;
One end of second guiding axis 934 is fixed at the left side of right groove structure 100, the second guiding axis 934 The other end is fixed at the right side of right groove structure 100;
Described second one end with guiding axis hole connecting rod 931 is equipped with the second guiding axis hole, the second band guiding axis hole connection 931 nationality of bar is placed on 934 middle of the second guiding axis by the second guiding axis hole, i.e. the second guiding axis 934 passes through described second It is oriented to axis hole;
The second left damping spring 932 is placed on the left part of the second guiding axis 934, second left 932 one end of damping spring by It is limited in the left side of right groove structure 100, second left 932 other end of damping spring is limited in the second band guiding axis hole connection Bar 931;
The second right damping spring 933 is placed on the right part of the second guiding axis 934, second right 933 one end of damping spring by It is limited in the right side of right groove structure 100, second right 933 other end of damping spring is limited in the second band guiding axis hole connection Bar 931;
Described second other end with guiding axis hole connecting rod 931 is fixedly connected with right side in outer framework 96.
The outer left side of the inner frame is equipped at least one left groove structure 100;
Left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part includes first band guiding axis hole connecting rod, the first left damping spring, the first right damping Spring and the first guiding axis;
One end of first guiding axis is fixed at the left side of left groove structure, and the other end is fixed at left groove The right side of structure;
One end of the first band guiding axis hole connecting rod is equipped with the first guiding axis hole, and first band is oriented to axis hole connecting rod nationality First guiding axis middle is placed on by the first guiding axis hole, i.e. the first guiding axis passes through the first guiding axis hole;
The first left damping spring is placed on the left part of the first guiding axis, and one end is by the left side for being limited in left groove structure Face, the other end are limited in first band guiding axis hole connecting rod;
The first right damping spring is placed on the right part of the first guiding axis, and one end is by the right side for being limited in left groove structure Face, the other end are limited in first band guiding axis hole connecting rod;
Left side is fixedly connected in the other end and outer framework of the first band guiding axis hole connecting rod.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in fig. 4, fig. 9, a kind of mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability is applied to one kind The portable power source device of highly reliable strong adaptability, which comprises the following steps:
Step 1, the supplying cell 111 of the detection of the battery detection module 4 power supply series-connected cell group 11, failure replacement are standby The voltage parameter of battery 151 is adjusted with the electricity of battery 12 and electricity adjustment battery pack 15, and will test information and reach comprehensive control Molding block 2;
Step 2, judges whether supplying cell 111, failure replacement reserve battery 12 and electricity adjustment battery 151 damage mistake Effect calls the supplying cell 111 and/or electricity of normal failure replacement reserve battery 12 substitution damage failure if being judged as YES Battery 151 is adjusted, the failure replacement reserve battery 12 for stopping using damage to fail, comprehensive control module 2 exports alarm signal, then Execute step 1;
Three are thened follow the steps if being judged as NO;
Step 3, whether the series-connected cell group 11 that judges to power is lower than a first voltage valve set by comprehensive control module 2 Value controls electricity adjustment battery pack 15 if being judged as YES and is connected in parallel with corresponding supplying cell 111, then executes step One;
Four are thened follow the steps if being judged as NO;
Step 4, judges whether the voltage of each self-adjusting power supply module 1 reaches one set by comprehensive control module 2 Two threshold voltages, the self-adjusting power supply module 1 for reaching second voltage threshold values is allowed to output power supply, lower than second voltage threshold values Self-adjusting power supply module 1 is prohibited output power supply, but is allowed to input charging;
Step 5, the comprehensive control module 2 select the highest self-adjusting electricity of the both end voltage for being allowed to output power supply 1 nationality of source component carries out electrical connection by specified corona discharge changeover module 4 and DC load 6;
The comprehensive control module 2 is according to instruction control charging assembly 5 and/or specified 4 work of corona discharge changeover module Make;
The self-adjusting power supply module 1 that the comprehensive control module 2 selects the both end voltage for being allowed to input charging minimum Nationality carries out electrical connection by specified power source charges changeover module 3 and charging assembly 5;
The comprehensive control module 2 works according to the specified power source charges changeover module 3 of instruction control.
The embodiments described above only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Limitations on the scope of the patent of the present invention therefore cannot be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to guarantor of the invention Protect range.Therefore, the scope of protection of the patent of the invention shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability, which is characterized in that be applied to a kind of and DC load into The portable power source device for the highly reliable strong adaptability that row is electrically connected, the portable power source device of the highly reliable strong adaptability include At least two self-adjusting power supply modules, comprehensive control module, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge changeover module and charging group Part;
The comprehensive control module respectively with self-adjusting power supply module, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge changeover module, fill Electrical component is attached, and comprehensive control module is cut for controlling self-adjusting power supply module, power source charges changeover module, corona discharge Component, charging assembly work are changed, and reads the detection information of self-adjusting power supply module;
The charging assembly is electrically connected with power source charges changeover module, power source charges changeover module again with each self-adjusting Power supply module is electrically connected, and charging assembly is used to charge to self-adjusting power supply module, and power source charges changeover module is for cutting Self-adjusting power supply module is changed, makes charging assembly to specified self-adjusting power supply module charging;
The DC load is electrically connected with corona discharge changeover module, corona discharge changeover module again with each self-adjusting Power supply module is electrically connected, and corona discharge changeover module makes specified self-adjusting electricity for switching self-adjusting power supply module Source component supplies electricity to DC load;
The self-adjusting power supply module is as battery backup, rechargeable battery set or supplying cell group, for detecting battery automatically State simultaneously intelligently replaces fail battery, ensures normal power supply output;
The DC load is used to carry out enabled effect using self-adjusting power supply module;The self-adjusting power supply module includes power supply Series-connected cell group, at least one failure replace reserve battery, at least one fail battery switch, battery detection module;
The power supply series-connected cell group includes the supplying cell of at least two series connections;
Each failure replacement reserve battery is electrically connected at least one fail battery switch, a fail battery switching A supplying cell of the device correspondingly with power supply series-connected cell group is electrically connected;
The power source charges changeover module is electrically connected with each power supply series-connected cell group respectively;
The corona discharge changeover module is electrically connected with each power supply series-connected cell group respectively;
The power supply series-connected cell group supplies electricity to DC load for providing direct current, stores the electric energy provided by charging assembly;
Failure backup battery of the failure replacement reserve battery as self-adjusting power supply module, for self-regulated described in quick replacement The fail battery of whole power supply module ensures the self-adjusting power supply module and works normally;
The battery detection module carries out electrically with each supplying cell, failure replacement reserve battery, comprehensive control module respectively Connection, is sent to comprehensive control module for detecting battery status and will test information;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module respectively with each fail battery switch is electrically connected;
The fail battery switch is as switching switch, for making the failure replacement reserve battery quick replacement self-adjusting electricity The fail battery of source component;
Self-adjusting power supply module further includes that at least one electricity adjustment battery pack and at least one electricity adjust switch;
One electricity adjustment battery pack includes the electricity adjustment battery that one or more is connected in parallel;
One electricity adjustment battery pack, an electricity adjustment switch and a supplying cell successively carry out electrically correspondingly Connection;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module respectively with each electricity adjustment switch is electrically connected;
Electricity adjustment switch as switching switch, for make specified electricity adjust battery pack quickly and supplying cell into Row is electrically connected in parallel;
The electricity adjustment battery is used to adjust the electricity of self-adjusting power supply module;
The battery detection module is electrically connected with each electricity adjustment battery respectively again, and for detecting electricity adjustment electricity The state in pond, and will test information and be transmitted to comprehensive control module;
Each failure replacement reserve battery is electrically connected at least one fail battery switch, a fail battery switching Device is electrically connected with an electricity adjustment battery correspondingly;
The comprehensive control module is electrically connected with each fail battery switch respectively;
The mobile power source control method includes the following steps one to step 5:
Step 1, supplying cell, failure replacement reserve battery and the electricity of the battery detection module detection power supply series-connected cell group The voltage parameter of the electricity adjustment battery of amount adjustment battery pack, and will test information and reach comprehensive control module;
Step 2, judges whether supplying cell, failure replacement reserve battery and electricity adjustment battery damage failure, if being judged as YES The supplying cell and/or electricity adjustment battery for then calling normal failure replacement reserve battery substitution damage failure, are stopped using The failure of damage failure replaces reserve battery, and comprehensive control module exports alarm signal, then executes step 1;
Three are thened follow the steps if being judged as NO;
Step 3, judges whether power supply series-connected cell group is lower than a first voltage threshold values set by comprehensive control module, if sentencing Break to be, controls electricity adjustment battery pack and be connected in parallel with corresponding supplying cell, then execute step 1;
Four are thened follow the steps if being judged as NO;
Step 4, judges whether the voltage of each self-adjusting power supply module reaches a second voltage set by comprehensive control module Threshold values, the self-adjusting power supply module for reaching second voltage threshold values is allowed to output power supply, lower than the self-adjusting of second voltage threshold values Power supply module is prohibited output power supply, but is allowed to input charging;
Step 5, the comprehensive control module selection have been allowed to the highest self-adjusting power supply module of both end voltage of output power supply Nationality carries out electrical connection by specified corona discharge changeover module and DC load;
The comprehensive control module works according to instruction control charging assembly and/or specified corona discharge changeover module;
The minimum self-adjusting power supply module nationality of the both end voltage that the comprehensive control module selection has been allowed to input charging is by referring to Fixed power source charges changeover module and charging assembly carries out electrical connection;
The comprehensive control module works according to the specified power source charges changeover module of instruction control.
2. the mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability according to claim 1, which is characterized in that charging assembly Including AC power unit and rectification charging unit;
The AC power unit is the AC power unit using generator or AC network power supply facilities;
The rectification charging unit is electrically connected with AC power unit, for by AC rectification at being used for self-adjusting The direct current of power supply module charging;
The rectification charging unit is electrically connected with power source charges changeover module again;
The comprehensive control module is electrically connected with AC power unit or rectification charging unit.
3. the mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability according to claim 1, which is characterized in that power source charges Changeover module includes several first D.C. contactors, and the wiring side of electrical interlocks is used between the first different D.C. contactors Formula is attached;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module respectively with each first D.C. contactor is electrically connected, each first direct current The input terminal of contactor is all electrically connected with charging assembly, the outlet terminal and one of first D.C. contactor A self-adjusting power supply module is electrically connected correspondingly;
The corona discharge changeover module includes several second D.C. contactors, is used between the second different D.C. contactors The mode of connection of electrical interlocks is attached;
Control terminal of the comprehensive control module again respectively with each second D.C. contactor is electrically connected, and one second straight The input terminal of stream contactor is electrically connected correspondingly with a self-adjusting power supply module, and each second direct current connects The outlet terminal of tentaculum is all electrically connected with DC load.
4. the mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability according to claim 1, which is characterized in that movement electricity Source device further includes installation cabinet body component and shockproof frame assembly;
The installation cabinet body component is installed in shockproof frame assembly, for load self-adjusting power supply module, comprehensive control module, Power source charges changeover module, corona discharge changeover module and charging assembly;
The installation cabinet body component includes the installation cabinet body that one or more is mutually permanently connected.
5. the mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability according to claim 4, which is characterized in that each installation Cabinet body is designed at least one temperature control equipment, and each temperature control equipment is all electrically connected with comprehensive control module, The temperature control equipment is for adjusting the intracorporal environment temperature of Installation cabinet.
6. the mobile power source control method of highly reliable strong adaptability according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described shockproof Frame assembly includes outer framework, elastic shock attenuation component, inner frame;
The outer framework is hollow cabinet shape structure, as the installation frame of elastic shock attenuation component, for nationality by elastic shock attenuation component Carry inner frame;
The inner frame is set in outer framework, is hollow cabinet shape structure, for installing, carrying, fix or placing installation cabinet body group Part, and interact with elastic shock attenuation component;
One end of the elastic shock attenuation component is fixedly mounted or is connected on the interior wall construction of outer framework, elastic shock attenuation component it is another One end is fixedly mounted or is connected on the outer wall construction of inner frame, and elastic shock attenuation component protects inner frame for bumper and absorbing shock Interior installation cabinet body component;
The elastic shock attenuation component is vertical including at least three damping spring parts, at least four elastic spacing ones, at least one left side To shock absorber part, the longitudinal shock absorber part at least one right side;
Bottom in the outer framework, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with one end of at least one damping spring part, to be connect, another End, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the bottom surface outside inner frame, to be connect;
Left side in the outer framework, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with one end of at least one damping spring part, to be connect, another One end is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the left side outside inner frame and connect;
Right side in the outer framework, which is clamped or is fixedly mounted with one end of at least one damping spring part, to be connect, another One end is clamped or is fixedly mounted with the right side outside inner frame and connect;
The damping spring part is for carrying inner frame and buffering lateral and vertical vibration;
Top surface, bottom surface, left side and right side in the outer framework are all fixed at least one elastic spacing one;
The elastic spacing one avoids the displacement of inner frame from exceeding and subtracts for limiting to the transverse direction of inner frame with vertical deviation Shake the elastic limit position of spring part;
One end of left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is fixed at the left side in outer framework, the other end of left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part It is fixed at the left side outside inner frame, left side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is used to prevent the inclination of inner frame longitudinal direction, buffers longitudinal shake It is dynamic;
One end of right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is fixed at the right side in outer framework, the other end of right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part It is fixed at the right side outside inner frame, right side longitudinal direction shock absorber part is used to prevent the inclination of inner frame longitudinal direction, buffers longitudinal shake It is dynamic.
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CN107863798A (en) 2018-03-30

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