CN107384613A - low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107384613A
CN107384613A CN201710660105.3A CN201710660105A CN107384613A CN 107384613 A CN107384613 A CN 107384613A CN 201710660105 A CN201710660105 A CN 201710660105A CN 107384613 A CN107384613 A CN 107384613A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
foaming surfactant
low foaming
hlb value
polyethers
ethylene glycol
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710660105.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周发波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dongguan City Wei New Mstar Technology Ltd
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Dongguan City Wei New Mstar Technology Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dongguan City Wei New Mstar Technology Ltd filed Critical Dongguan City Wei New Mstar Technology Ltd
Priority to CN201710660105.3A priority Critical patent/CN107384613A/en
Publication of CN107384613A publication Critical patent/CN107384613A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/825Mixtures of compounds all of which are non-ionic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2006Monohydric alcohols
    • C11D3/2017Monohydric alcohols branched
    • C11D3/202Monohydric alcohols branched fatty or with at least 8 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2041Dihydric alcohols
    • C11D3/2044Dihydric alcohols linear
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/008Polymeric surface-active agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/667Neutral esters, e.g. sorbitan esters; see also C11D1/74 and C11D1/78
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of low foaming surfactant, the component containing following mass percent:Polysorbate60 20% 40%;Isomerous tridecanol 25.5% 46%;Polyethers(L‑62) 5%‑9%;Ethylene glycol 21% 29%.HLB value (hydrophilic lipophilic balance) is lower, and foam is lower, polysorbate60, isomerous tridecanol, the polyethers of different quality percentage(L‑62), the low foaming surfactant HLB value made is between 10 18 after ethylene glycol mixing, and low foaming surfactant HLB value is at 10, and foam is the most stable.It is environment friendly and pollution-free using cleaning agent produced by the present invention, without phosphorus energy-conserving and environment-protective, continue low foam, acid and alkali-resistance, effect is quick, lasting, can effectively suppress bubble generation.

Description

Low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to spray cleaning agent field, espespecially a kind of low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
User foam is high easily to overflow accumulator tank using spraying during cleaning agent, when foam is too high need to add it is siliceous Defoamer, defoamer weaken the cleaning performance of cleaning agent first, and secondly adding defoamer can not continue to suppress foam height, spray Cleaning agent constantly sprays, and is just constantly needed to artificial constantly addition and contain silicon defoaming agent, that is, needs a large amount of manpowers and not environmentally, Er Qiehui Pollute environment.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof.
To achieve the above object, it is a kind of low foaming surfactant that the present invention, which adopts the following technical scheme that, containing as follows The component of mass percent:
Tween-60 20%-40%
Isomerous tridecanol 25.5%-46%
Polyethers(L-62) 5%-9%
Ethylene glycol 21%-29%.
Polysorbate60, also known as polysorbate 60, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate, Tween-60 is soluble in isomery Tridecanol, ethylene glycol, there is excellent emulsifiability, have wetting, foaming, diffusion, physicochemical property concurrently:Hydroxyl value(KOHmg/ g):80-105;Saponification number(KOHmg/g):40-55;Acid number(KOHmg/g):≤2.0;Moisture content(%):≤3;HLB value:14.5;
Isomerous tridecanol is easily dispersed or dissolved in water, has excellent wetability, permeability and emulsibility.Physico-chemical parameter:Acid number: 0.03mg KOH/g;Hydroxyl value:275-295mg KOH/g;Color number:10 (platinum-cobalt liquor staging);Density:0.843-0.847 G/cm, 20 °C;Proportion:0.844-0.849 20°C.
Polyethers(L-62)With high detergency, the surface tension at interface is reduced, improves the efficiency for removing surface and oil contaminant.
Physico-chemical parameter:Acid number:Density:400 c, 25ps, 25 °C;PH value 5.0-7.0, HLB value 7.
Further, the HLB value (hydrophilic lipophilic balance) of the Tween-60 is 11-16.The HLB value of Tween-60 is got over Few, foam is fewer.
Further, the HLB value (hydrophilic lipophilic balance) of the isomerous tridecanol is 12-13.5.
Further, the polyethers(L-62)HLB value (hydrophilic lipophilic balance) be 7-8.Polyethers(L-62)With going Dirty ability, suppress foam and produce.
Further, the ethylene glycol is nonvolatile power solvents.
HLB value (hydrophilic lipophilic balance) is lower, and foam is lower, Tween-60, the isomery 13 of different quality percentage Alcohol, polyethers(L-62), the low foaming surfactant HLB value made is between 10-18 after ethylene glycol mixing, and low bubble surface-active For agent HLB value at 10, foam is the most stable.
A kind of low foaming surfactant, comprises the following steps:
Step 1:One clean container and liquid agitation rod is provided;
Step 2:Under normal temperature and pressure, Tween-60, isomerous tridecanol, polyethers are sequentially added by mass percentage in container(L- 62), ethylene glycol,
Step 3:Persistently it is stirred in container using liquid agitation rod;
Step 4:Mixing temperature control is 60 DEG C, is persistently stirred 20 minutes, speed of agitator is 500~800N/min;
Step 5:Low foaming surfactant can be packed by being cooled to room temperature.
A kind of application method of the low foaming surfactant:Low foaming surfactant and potassium chloride are pressed 1:20 ratio It is used as spray cleaning agent after dilution.
Compared to prior art, using cleaning agent is sprayed made of low foaming surfactant, no phosphorous assistant is obtained clear Lotion is environment friendly and pollution-free, without phosphorus energy-conserving and environment-protective, continues low foam, acid and alkali-resistance, effect is quick, lasting, can effectively suppress bubble Produce.
Using sodium gluconate, lauryl sodium sulfate, potassium hydroxide as auxiliary agent, cleaning performance is good, can more effectively press down Foam height processed.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1:Cleaning performance is protruded, and rate is cleaned up to more than 98% compared to general low foaming surfactant!
2:Foam height is stable, is not in the too high spilling rinse bath of foam during cleaning showers!I.e. waste of materials pollutes again Environment!Save substantial amounts of manpower, financial resources, material resources.And what is used is all that environment-friendly materials are free of heavy metal, phosphorus etc.!
3:Organic silicon defoamer must be added during prior art use to solve the problems, such as that foam is too high!This method is first Manually to add(Waste of manpower), next siliceous material is difficult rinsed clean and influences next process progress, so as to influence Product total quality!Furthermore excessive defoamer is added in cleaning agent can make cleaning performance significantly reduce even thoroughly destruction cleaning Tank liquor and waste of materials!And spray cleaning agent made of low foaming surfactant of the present invention is used, foam is low, and addition is less low Spray cleaning agent made of foam surfactants, it is possible to reach the cleaning performance of requirement, dosage is few, and effect is good, Er Qiehuan Protect, be pollution-free, easy to use, technique is simple, and it is convenient to prepare, and is easy to produce in batches,
4. low foaming surfactant is the material that can reduce interfacial tension, with feature structure and with least one parent Water-based functional group and at least one hydrophobic functional groups.Hydrophilic functional group and hydrophobic functional groups two parts are made to balance each other, Dirt particles is gathered and oriented on its interface, i.e. for example, hydrophilic radical points to aqueous phase, and hydrophobic grouping points to it Its solid, liquid or gas phase.Another of low foaming surfactant be characterized in forming height agglomerate, i.e., so-called micella.Whereby, Low foaming surfactant arranges in the way of polar group is formed such as spherical shell.So have using the formation of micella The effect that the material of enhancing such as dirt particles dissolves in aqueous.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
A kind of low foaming surfactant of the present invention, it is characterised in that:Component containing following mass percent:20% Tween-60, 25.5% isomerous tridecanol, 5% polyethers(L-62)With 21% ethylene glycol, wherein, the HLB value of Tween-60 is 11;Isomerous tridecanol HLB value is 12;Polyethers(L-62)HLB value be 7, ethylene glycol is nonvolatile power solvents without HLB value,
Preparation method:Under normal temperature and pressure, Tween-60, isomerous tridecanol, polyethers are sequentially added by mass percentage in container (L-62), ethylene glycol, be persistently stirred in container using liquid agitation rod, mixing temperature control is 60 DEG C, lasting stirring 20 minutes, speed of agitator was 500~800N/min, and low foaming surfactant can be packed by being cooled to room temperature, now low bubble surface The HLB value of activating agent is 10.
Embodiment two
A kind of low foaming surfactant of the present invention, it is characterised in that:Component containing following mass percent:40% Tween-60, 46% isomerous tridecanol, 9% polyethers(L-62)With 29% ethylene glycol, wherein, the HLB value of Tween-60 is 14.9;Isomerous tridecanol HLB value is 13.5;Polyethers(L-62)HLB value be 7, ethylene glycol is nonvolatile power solvents without HLB value,
Preparation method:Under normal temperature and pressure, Tween-60, isomerous tridecanol, polyethers are sequentially added by mass percentage in container (L-62), ethylene glycol, be persistently stirred in container using liquid agitation rod, mixing temperature control is 60 DEG C, lasting stirring 20 minutes, speed of agitator was 500~800N/min, and low foaming surfactant can be packed by being cooled to room temperature, now low bubble surface The HLB value of activating agent is 11.
Embodiment three
A kind of low foaming surfactant of the present invention, it is characterised in that:Component containing following mass percent:30% Tween-60, 35.5% isomerous tridecanol, 6.8% polyethers(L-62)With 27.7% ethylene glycol, wherein, the HLB value of Tween-60 is 16;Isomery 13 The HLB value of alcohol is 13.5;Polyethers(L-62)HLB value be 8, ethylene glycol is nonvolatile power solvents without HLB value,
Preparation method:Under normal temperature and pressure, Tween-60, isomerous tridecanol, polyethers are sequentially added by mass percentage in container (L-62), ethylene glycol, be persistently stirred in container using liquid agitation rod, mixing temperature control is 60 DEG C, lasting stirring 20 minutes, speed of agitator was 500~800N/min, and low foaming surfactant can be packed by being cooled to room temperature, now low bubble surface The HLB value of activating agent is 13.
A kind of application method of the low foaming surfactant:Low foaming surfactant and potassium chloride are pressed 1:20 ratio It is used as spray cleaning agent after dilution.
Compared to prior art, using cleaning agent is sprayed made of low foaming surfactant, no phosphorous assistant is obtained clear Lotion is environment friendly and pollution-free, without phosphorus energy-conserving and environment-protective, continues low foam, acid and alkali-resistance, effect is quick, lasting, can effectively suppress bubble Produce.
Using sodium gluconate, lauryl sodium sulfate, potassium hydroxide as auxiliary agent, cleaning performance is good, can more effectively press down Foam height processed.
Embodiment of above is only that the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described, and not the scope of the present invention is entered Row limits, on the premise of design spirit of the present invention is not departed from, technical side of this area ordinary skill technical staff to the present invention The various modifications and improvement that case is made, it all should fall into the protection domain of claims of the present invention determination.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of low foaming surfactant, the component containing following mass percent:
Tween-60 20%-40%
Isomerous tridecanol 25.5%-46%
Polyethers(L-62) 5%-9%
Ethylene glycol 21%-29%.
A kind of 2. low foaming surfactant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The HLB value of the Tween-60 is 11-16。
A kind of 3. low foaming surfactant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The HLB value of the isomerous tridecanol For 12-13.5.
A kind of 4. low foaming surfactant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The polyethers(L-62)HLB value For 7-8.
A kind of 5. low foaming surfactant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The ethylene glycol is nonvolatile strong Power solvent.
A kind of 6. low foaming surfactant preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
Step 1:One clean container and liquid agitation rod is provided;
Step 2:Under normal temperature and pressure, Tween-60, isomerous tridecanol, polyethers are sequentially added by mass percentage in container(L- 62), ethylene glycol,
Step 3:Persistently it is stirred in container using liquid agitation rod;
Step 4:Mixing temperature control is 60 DEG C, is persistently stirred 20 minutes, speed of agitator is 500~800N/min;
Step 5:Low foaming surfactant can be packed by being cooled to room temperature.
CN201710660105.3A 2017-08-04 2017-08-04 low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof Pending CN107384613A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710660105.3A CN107384613A (en) 2017-08-04 2017-08-04 low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710660105.3A CN107384613A (en) 2017-08-04 2017-08-04 low foaming surfactant and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107384613A true CN107384613A (en) 2017-11-24

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108913383A (en) * 2018-08-04 2018-11-30 中山市妙洁精细化工有限公司 A kind of floor cleaner and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1880423A (en) * 2006-05-17 2006-12-20 山东新华医疗器械股份有限公司 Low foaming surfactant for cleaning and method for preparing same
CN106520392A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-22 澳宝化妆品(惠州)有限公司 Safe low-foam garden stuff cleaning solution

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1880423A (en) * 2006-05-17 2006-12-20 山东新华医疗器械股份有限公司 Low foaming surfactant for cleaning and method for preparing same
CN106520392A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-22 澳宝化妆品(惠州)有限公司 Safe low-foam garden stuff cleaning solution

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108913383A (en) * 2018-08-04 2018-11-30 中山市妙洁精细化工有限公司 A kind of floor cleaner and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20171124

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