CN107384027A - A kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107384027A
CN107384027A CN201710612508.0A CN201710612508A CN107384027A CN 107384027 A CN107384027 A CN 107384027A CN 201710612508 A CN201710612508 A CN 201710612508A CN 107384027 A CN107384027 A CN 107384027A
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China
Prior art keywords
chalk
mass percent
glaze
colour
pug
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Granted
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CN201710612508.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107384027B (en
Inventor
李强
徐霁明
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Shanghai Institute of Ceramics of CAS
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Shanghai Institute of Ceramics of CAS
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Priority to CN201710612508.0A priority Critical patent/CN107384027B/en
Publication of CN107384027A publication Critical patent/CN107384027A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2018/084364 external-priority patent/WO2019019722A1/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D13/00Pencil-leads; Crayon compositions; Chalk compositions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K19/00Non-propelling pencils; Styles; Crayons; Chalks
    • B43K19/003Chalks

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk and preparation method thereof, the chalk is the effigurate body material of tool of make pottery porcelain colour and/or the ceramic glaze that are 700~850 DEG C containing temperature in use, and the chalk can paint or mark on matrix.

Description

A kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk and preparation method thereof, can be prepared by this method Go out to be applied to the chalk of low-temp ceramics colored drawing, and within the scope of suitable temperature, material heat treatment process can be participated in and be used as mark The marking pen of memorize record.
Background technology
From pottery to porcelain, from porous ceramics to there is glaze ceramic, from single colour glaze ceramics to polychrome or ornamental ceramics, from real In meaning ceramics be born that time, to Modern Scientific Meaning on ceramics establishment, color is all along with the every of Chinaware Progression One stage, nor the intension of the disconnected aesthetics and science and technology for enriching ceramics.Therefore, the kind of glaze materials is with quality The indispensable part of china industry, and weigh the important indicator of a national china industry development level.
So the exploitation for glaze materials new product never stopped, especially glaze materials in recent years The growth of blowout is presented in patent of invention.But up to the present, although there is many reports in terms of glaze materials preparation Road, it but yet there are no any report on ceramic painting chalk.
The content of the invention
In ceramic industry, vital effect is played in the successful administration of colour glaze.It is an object of the invention to provide can be with Meet the ceramic painting artistic creation chalk of specialty and the mark powder that material heat treatment process is used as identification record can be participated in Pen and preparation method thereof.
On the one hand, the present invention provides a kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk, and the chalk is to be containing temperature in use 700~850 DEG C of pottery porcelain colour and/or the effigurate body material of tool of ceramic glaze, the chalk can make pottery Paint or mark on porcelain basal body.
The present invention provides a kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing and mark chalk first, and low-temp ceramics are formd with colour glaze Have effigurate body material, simply and easily can be closed in plain tire, pottery, porcelain, glass, carboritride, carbon silication Paint or mark in the material matrix such as thing, aluminium silicon compound.
It is preferred that in the chalk, the content of the pottery porcelain colour and/or ceramic glaze is more than 70%.
It is preferred that the pottery porcelain colour is at least one of glaze stain, body stain, ceramic paint, it is preferably western Fuchsin, agate red, zirconium iron pink, white flux, zirconium praseodymium yellow, green grass, zirconium ash, for reddish brown, gorgeous at least one of black.
It is preferred that the ceramic glaze is selected from least one of marzacotto, translucent glaze, milkiness glaze.
It is preferred that any one of the shape of the chalk in column, bulk, spherical, sheet.
It is preferred that the color of the chalk is white or colored, in preferred white, red, green, blueness, yellow, black At least one.
On the other hand, the invention provides the method for preparing above-mentioned low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk, including following step Suddenly:
(1) pottery porcelain colour and/or ceramic glaze that temperature in use is 700~850 DEG C are mixed with auxiliary reagent, and are made The pretreatment material that can be molded;
(2) pretreatment material is shaped to have effigurate article shaped.
It is preferred that in step (1), the pretreatment material is any one in dry mash, wet mash, slurry, pug.
Preferably, the preparation method of dry mash includes:The colour glaze that mass percent is 80.0~99.0% is weighed respectively, Mass percent be 0.1~3.0% solid dispersion agent, mass percent be 0~5.0% shape-fixing agent, mass percent 0 ~2.0% foaming agent, is fitted into ball grinder, and after mixing 1.5~5 hours, the material mixed is taken out, and repeats to sieve with 40 mesh sieves Several times.
Preferably, the preparation method of wet mash includes:The colour glaze that mass percent is 75.0~97.9% is weighed respectively, Mass percent be 0.1~3.0% solid dispersion agent, mass percent be 0~5.0% shape-fixing agent, mass percent 0 ~2.0% foaming agent, is fitted into ball grinder, after mixing 1.5~5 hours, the material mixed is taken out, then measures quality percentage Than 2.0~10.0% water, atomized spray is on compound;The compound of atomization water process with 40 mesh sieves is repeated to sieve some It is secondary.
Preferably, the preparation method of slurry includes:The colour glaze that mass percent is 70.0~98.9%, matter are weighed respectively Measure percentage be 0~20% thickening binding agent, mass percent be 1.0~5.0% shape-fixing agent, mass percent be 0~ 2.0% foaming agent, is fitted into ball grinder 314, then weigh certain particle diameter than ball milling stone be placed in ball grinder, then add Appropriate distilled water is as ball-milling medium, then measures the liquid dispersant of percent by volume 0.1~3.0%, will after mixing 5~45 minutes The slurry mixed is poured out, and crosses 200 mesh sieves.
Preferably, the preparation method of pug includes:Dose volume percentage is 5~20% thickening binder solution;Point The colour glaze that mass percent is 75.0~99.999% is also known as taken, mass percent is 0.1~3.0% solid dispersion agent, Mass percent is 0.001~5.0% shape-fixing agent, and mass percent is 0~2.0% foaming agent, is fitted into ball grinder, is mixed After 1.5~5 hours, the material mixed is taken out, after repeating sieving several times with 40 mesh sieves, is placed in container, then adds one Surely the percent by volume matched is 5~20% thickening binder solution, and into mud.
It is preferred that also include expecting pretreatment old 1~7 day between step (1) and step (2).
It is preferred that in step (2), forming method is dry-press process or wet moulding;Preferably, dry-press process is selected from powder Any one in dry pressing, isostatic pressing method, die pressing, wet moulding are selected from extrusion molding, compression moulding, slurry casting method, stamp Any one in method.
It is preferred that in step (2),
Dry mash or wet mash are pressed into using powder former the shape of needs;
Slurry is injected die forming;
Pug is moulded into using the method for manual kneading, extrusion molding or impressing the body of various needs.
It is preferred that also include being post-processed article shaped after step (2), it is preferable that the post processing is selected from 35~200 One in DEG C drying process, 200~350 DEG C of micro- sintering processes, thermal infrared drying process, ultraviolet ageing processing, the micro- sintering of laser Kind mode or various ways combine.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows can provide making for different colourities and different model according to different being actually needed It is 700-850 DEG C of chalk/marking pen with temperature environment.Based on this, first, it is 700-850 DEG C that can prepare temperature in use Low-temp ceramics colored drawing chalk/marking pen;Second, the special identifier of chalk/marker wrote in the present invention can be in temperature To be used in 700-850 DEG C of sintering environment, third, chalk/marking pen of the present invention can be used variously-shaped, material Painted on matrix.
Brief description of the drawings
Figure 1A-Fig. 1 D illustrate the compressing side of dry powder for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention Method;
Fig. 2A-Fig. 2 E illustrate the compressing side of wet-milling for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk of root according to an embodiment of the present invention Method;
Fig. 3 A- Fig. 3 D illustrate the slurry cast forming method for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 A- Fig. 4 F illustrate the pug extruding for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention and are embossed into Type method;
Fig. 5 shows the zirconium ash (Zr of the pug pressing method manufacture for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention ~Si~Ni) diameter 10mm column chalks;
Fig. 6 shows the zirconium ash (Zr of the pug pressing method manufacture for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention ~Si~Ni) diameter 10mm column chalks;
Fig. 7 shows the agate red of the pug pressing method manufacture for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention Expect a diameter of 5mm cylinders chalk;
Fig. 8 shows the sprills of the pug mould pressing method manufacture for being used to manufacture ceramic chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention Pen;
Fig. 9 shows the photo that chalk according to an embodiment of the present invention is painted on the plain tire of ceramics.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and following embodiments, it should be appreciated that accompanying drawing and following embodiments The present invention is merely to illustrate, is not intended to limit the present invention.
An embodiment of the present invention is a kind of low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk (abbreviation chalk), and its cost is cheap, color Coloured silk is abundant, using it is simple, be easy to carry, green.The chalk is by low temperature (temperature in use is 700~850 DEG C) ceramic colour glaze Material is molded with, and can be painted on matrix, be write, identifies.That is, the chalk is rubbed on matrix, you can will Glaze materials are applied on matrix.The Applicable temperature (use environment temperature) of the chalk is 700~850 DEG C, that is to say, that is used The glaze materials that the chalk is applied on matrix can be in 700~850 DEG C of sintering.
The color of chalk can be white or colored, such as white, red, green, blueness, yellow, black etc..The present invention is suitable For ceramic industrial art and heat treatment process manufacturing field.It is various that the moulding of chalk includes column, bulk, spherical, sheet etc. Formable shape.
The chalk mainly contains the glaze materials that temperature in use is 700~850 DEG C.In the chalk, glaze materials Content for example can be more than 70%.In addition, also containing a small amount of auxiliary material for being beneficial to shaping in the chalk, for example, it is binding agent, scattered Agent, foaming agent, shape-fixing agent etc..
Glaze materials refer to make pottery porcelain colour and/or ceramic glaze.In the present invention, as long as glaze materials use Temperature is 700~850 DEG C.For example, colorant includes:The glaze stain and body stain and ceramic metal of various market sales Water pigment and ceramic ink pigment etc., such as crimson lake, agate red, zirconium iron pink, white flux, zirconium praseodymium yellow, green grass, zirconium ash, generation It is reddish brown, it is gorgeous black etc..Glaze includes:It is transparent, translucent, the serial glaze such as milkiness.
In an embodiment of the present invention, original based on technical maturity and color development stable industrialization colorant and glaze is utilized Material, certain water-soluble and oiliness dispersant, foaming agent, binding agent, forming agent etc. are equipped with, is matched according to certain material agent, Prepared respectively by different technique and under different post processings with series of intensity, serial density, variously-shaped, each The mark pen that the ceramic painting and low-temperature sintering context of kind color use.Hereinafter, as an example, illustrating the powder of the present invention The preparation method of pen.
Pretreatment
Raw material is from the low temperature colour glaze (low temperature colorant and/or low-temperature glaze) that temperature is 700~850 DEG C.Its granularity can be 160 ~350 mesh.Granularity is unfavorable for greatly very much drawing and fired;Granularity is too small, prepares power consumption, and relative costs is also just high.The low temperature color glaze Material can be the colour glaze of commercially available, stable performance and technical maturity as described above.Raw material and part auxiliary reagent are located in advance Reason, is prepared into certain pretreatment material, such as powder, slurry, pug etc..Auxiliary reagent includes binding agent, dispersant, foaming Agent, shape-fixing agent etc..Auxiliary reagent can be food-grade, so that the safer environmental protection of obtained chalk.Partial pre-mix processing be Carried out on tumbling ball mill.Part can be aided in preparation of reagents into certain density solution (such as aqueous solution).
In one example, dry mash is made in raw material and auxiliary reagent.Figure 1A~1B illustrates to prepare the technique of dry mash Flow.Referring to Figure 1A~1B, the technique of dry mash is as follows:Weigh the color glaze that mass percent is 80.0~99.0% respectively first Material 102, the dispersant of mass percent 0.1~3.0% (such as solid dispersion agent) 104, mass percent is 0~5.0% curable type Agent 106, the foaming agent 108 of mass percent 0~2.0%, is fitted into resin ball grinder 110.Then mix 1.5~5 hours.Ball milling turns Speed can be 150-200r/min.The material 112 mixed is taken out, repeating sieving with 40 mesh sieves, (such as 3-5 times) is standby several times.
In one example, wet mash is made in raw material and auxiliary reagent.Fig. 2A~2C illustrates the preparation flow of wet mash. Referring to Fig. 2A~2C, the technique of wet mash is as follows:Weigh the colour glaze that mass percent is 75.0~97.9% respectively first 202, the dispersant of mass percent 0.1~3.0% (such as solid dispersion agent) 204, mass percent is 0~5.0% shape-fixing agent 206, the foaming agent 208 of mass percent 0~2.0%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder 210.Then mix 1.5~5 hours.Rotational speed of ball-mill Can be 150-200r/min.The material 212 mixed is taken out.Then the water of mass percent 2.0~10.0%, atomized spray are measured On compound;The compound 214 of atomization water process, with 40 mesh sieves repetition sieving, (such as 3-5 times) is standby several times.
In one example, slurry is made in raw material and auxiliary reagent.Fig. 3 A~3B illustrate the preparation flow of slurry.Referring to Fig. 3 A~3B, the technique of slurry are as follows:Weigh the colour glaze 302 that mass percent is 70.0~98.9%, quality respectively first Percentage is the thickening binding agent 304 of 0~20% (preferably 5~15%), and mass percent is 1.0~5.0% shape-fixing agents 306, The foaming agent 308 of mass percent 0~2.0%, is fitted into resin ball grinder 314.Then certain particle diameter ratio (such as particle diameter ratio is weighed Greatly:In:Small is 4:4:3) ball milling stone 310 is placed in ball grinder.Appropriate distilled water is then added as ball-milling medium.Material, ball, The mass ratio of water can be 1:(2.0~3.0):(0.6~1.0).The liquid dispersant of percent by volume 0.1~3.0% is measured again 312.It is mixed 5~45 minutes.Rotational speed of ball-mill can be 180-250r/min.Then the slurry 316 mixed is poured out, with 200 mesh sieves Sieving for standby.
In one example, pug/cream is made in raw material and auxiliary reagent.Fig. 4 A~4D illustrate the preparation flow of pug. It is as follows referring to Fig. 4 A~4D, the technique of pug/cream:Dose volume percentage is 5~20% solution of thickening binding agent 408 first 410 is standby.Mass percent is weighed respectively simultaneously as 90.0~99.999% colour glaze 402, mass percent 0.1~ 3.0% solid dispersion agent 404, mass percent are 0.001~5.0% shape-fixing agent 406, the foaming agent of mass percent 0~2.0% 412, it is fitted into resin ball grinder 414.Then mix 1.5~5 hours.Rotational speed of ball-mill can be 150-200r/min.By what is mixed Material 416 is taken out, and sieving is repeated several times (such as 3~5 times) with 40 mesh sieves.It is subsequently placed in enamel tray 418.Then add relative The percent by volume for being 10-50% in the mass percent of the total amount of above-mentioned colour glaze, solid dispersion agent, shape-fixing agent and foaming agent For 5~20% thickening binder solution 410, and it is standby into mud 420.
Above-mentioned thickening binding agent is used for the viscosity for adjusting liquid reagent and slurry and the bonding force for improving formed product, can For water-based or oiliness.Its purity can be food-grade, may be selected from:At least one of starch, agar, natural plant gum, animal glue etc..
Described starch may be selected from:The plant amylums such as various amyloses and amylopectin, e.g., water soluble starch is solvable Property starch etc..
Described natural plant gum may be selected from:Fir adhesive, peach gum, sodium alginate, sesbania gum, peach gum, flax gum, fenugreek gum Deng.
Described animal glue may be selected from:Fish glue, donkey glue, ox glue etc..
Above-mentioned dispersant is used to make solid particle be homogeneously dispersed in liquid, can be liquid dispersant and/or solid-state point Powder etc..When preparing dry mash, wet mash, preferably solid dispersion agent;When preparing slurry, pug, preferred liquid dispersant.
Described liquid dispersant may be selected from:Sodium Polyacrylate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose pyce etc..
Described solid dispersion agent may be selected from:Polyethylene glycol alkyl ether, such as:NHD etc., and polyethylene Wax, polyethylene glycol 200 or 400 etc..
Above-mentioned foaming agent is used for the porosity for increasing product, may be selected from:Carbonate, such as:Ammonium hydrogen carbonate, calcium carbonate, carbon Sour hydrogen sodium etc., and carbon black, animal/vegetable protein class foaming agent, neopelex etc..
Above-mentioned shape-fixing agent is used to adjust material processability, may be selected from:Artemisia Glue, calcium sulfate, paraffin, beeswax, rosin etc..
It is old
The sealing of raw material 112,214,316,420 pre-processed is placed on lucifuge shady place old 1~7 day.
Shaping
The pretreatment material pre-processed after expecting or being old is shaped to required shape, such as column, bulk, spherical, sheet etc..Shaping Method can be dry or wet.Dry method may be selected from:Powder dry pressing, isostatic pressing method, die pressing etc..Wet method may be selected from:Extrusion molding, Compression moulding, slurry casting method, impression method etc..For dry mash and wet mash, preferably dry method.It is preferably wet for slurry and pug Method.Fig. 8 shows the column chalk that the pug mould pressing method for manufacturing ceramic chalk manufactures.
In one example, as shown in Fig. 1 C~1D, Fig. 2 D~2E, powder former (such as press) 114,216 is used Shape 116,218 powder pressing into needs.Pressing pressure can be 0.5~10MPa.
In one example, as shown in Fig. 3 C~3D, slurry 316 is injected in mould 318 shape 320 for being configured to need. The material of mould can be gypsum, plastics, metal etc..
In one example, as shown in Fig. 4 E~4F, using the method handle of wrong kneading, extrusion molding 422 and/or impressing by hand Pug is moulded into the body 424 of various needs.Wherein, pressure can be 0.5~10MPa.
Post processing
After shaping, it can also be post-processed so that the intensity increase of article shaped and performance improve.For example, the production shaping Product, which are placed in the shady and cool or specific equipment for after-treatment of ventilation, passes through appropriate processing time.Described post processing can be Drying process, micro- sintering processes, thermal infrared processing, ultraviolet ageing processing etc..For example, described post processing can be:35~200 Drying process 60~320 minutes in DEG C (preferably 60~120 DEG C) air dry oven, at 200~350 DEG C of micro- sintering of low-temperature sintering stove Reason 30~60 minutes, 30~120 points of burin-in process in drying process 30~60 minutes, ultraviolet ageing case in thermal infrared drying box Clock, laser it is micro- sintering 10~30 minutes etc., by it is therein it is a kind of in a manner of or various ways combine method carry out.
Encapsulation/packaging
The finished product handled well is packed using a variety of encapsulation technologies.For example, using organic or inorganic film, or the film such as the two composite membrane Encapsulation, various materials are also used to be taken as the shell of protection or auxiliary, sleeve pipe etc. to facilitate.
The chalk of the present invention can be compound in plain tire, pottery, porcelain, glass, carboritride, carbon-silicon compound, aluminium silicon Paint or mark in the material matrix such as thing.Referring to Fig. 9, it shows the photograph that the chalk of the present invention is painted on the plain tire of ceramics Piece.Drawing or mark include to carry out in glaze, on glaze, under glaze., can be in 700~850 DEG C of burnings after drawing or mark Knot.
Prepared respectively by different technique and under different post processings with series of intensity, serial density, each The mark pen that kind shape, the ceramic painting of various colors and low-temperature sintering context use.For example, the intensity of the chalk of the present invention In 12N/cm2-15N/cm2It is controllable.
This chalk has the special advantages that raw material is easy to get, and manufacturing process control is simple, stable performance, can be prepared into each Kind shape, identification record is done suitable for material heat treatment process;Simultaneously as this chalk have it is rich in color, using simple, The artistic creation of the ceramic painting of specialty can not only be met, the Ceramics Culture that can be used for towards masses is experienced;In addition just In carry, it is green the advantages that, be especially suitable for juvenile ceramic art training, to have the invention good due to these advantages Market prospects, and the ability of large-scale production.
Embodiment is enumerated further below to describe the present invention in detail.It will similarly be understood that following examples are served only for this Invention is further described, it is impossible to is interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention, those skilled in the art is according to this hair Some nonessential modifications and adaptations that bright the above is made belong to protection scope of the present invention.Following examples are specific Technological parameter etc. is also only an example in OK range, i.e. those skilled in the art can be done properly by this paper explanation In the range of select, and do not really want to be defined in the concrete numerical value of hereafter example.
Embodiment 1:
Granularity is referred to as that 300 mesh, temperature in use are 850 DEG C of commercially available stable performance and the mass percent of technical maturity respectively first For 99.9% grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium, the Sodium Polyacrylate of mass percent 0.1%, load resin ball grinder In, taken out after batch mixing 1.5h, cross 40 mesh sieve 3 times, it is standby that the raw material sealing pre-processed is then placed on lucifuge shady place;Make With isostatic pressing equipment powder pressing into cylindrical shape;The product packaging of shaping.
Embodiment 2:
Granularity is referred to as that 300 mesh, temperature in use are 850 DEG C of commercially available stable performance and the mass percent of technical maturity respectively first For 98.5% zirconium praseodymium yellow low temperature colour glaze, the Sodium Polyacrylate of mass percent 1.5%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, batch mixing Taken out after 1.5h, cross 40 mesh sieve 3 times, it is standby that the raw material sealing pre-processed is then placed on lucifuge shady place;Use etc. quiet Press forming device is powder pressing into cylindrical shape;The product packaging of shaping.
Embodiment 3:
Granularity is referred to as that 320 mesh, temperature in use are 850 DEG C of commercially available stable performance and the mass percent of technical maturity respectively first For 96.0% agate red low temperature colour glaze, the Sodium Polyacrylate of mass percent 3.0%, the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of mass percent 1.0%, It is fitted into resin ball grinder, is taken out after batch mixing 2h, cross 40 mesh sieve 3 times, the raw material sealing pre-processed is then placed on lucifuge The old 1d of shady place;Using isostatic pressing equipment powder pressing into cylindrical shape;The product of shaping is placed on laser to burn Handled in knot equipment;Then the formed product after processing is packed.
Embodiment 4:
Granularity is referred to as that 300 mesh, temperature in use are 850 DEG C of commercially available stable performance and the mass percent of technical maturity respectively first It is for 96.4% grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium, the Sodium Polyacrylate of mass percent 0.1%, mass percent 1.5% food-grade water-soluble starch, is fitted into resin ball grinder, is taken out after batch mixing 2h, and it is pure then to measure mass percent 2.0% Water purification, atomized spray is in combined amount;It is standby that the compound of atomization water process with 40 mesh sieves is repeated sieving 3 times;Then pre- The raw material sealing handled well is placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place;Using isostatic pressing equipment powder pressing into cylinder Shape;The product of shaping is placed on ventilating and cooling place reason a couple of days;Finally the product packaging for the shaping dried in the shade.
Embodiment 5:
Granularity is referred to as that 300 mesh, temperature in use are 850 DEG C of commercially available stable performance and the mass percent of technical maturity respectively first For 96.4% agate red low temperature colour glaze, the Sodium Polyacrylate of mass percent 0.1%, mass percent is 1.5% food-grade Water soluble starch, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, is taken out after batch mixing 2h.Then the pure water of mass percent 2.0%, atomization spray are measured It is sprinkled upon in combined amount;It is standby that the compound of atomization water process with 40 mesh sieves is repeated sieving 3 times;Then the raw material pre-processed Sealing is placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place;Using isostatic pressing equipment powder pressing into prism shape;The production of shaping Product are placed on ventilating and cooling place reason a couple of days;Finally the product packaging for the shaping dried in the shade.
Embodiment 6:
First granularity is referred to as that the mass percent of 320 mesh, the commercially available stable performance that temperature in use is 850 DEG C and technical maturity is respectively 89% zirconium praseodymium yellow low temperature colour glaze, the Sodium Polyacrylate of mass percent 1.0%, mass percent are that 5.0% food-grade is water-soluble Property starch, is fitted into resin ball grinder, is taken out after batch mixing 3h.Then the pure water of mass percent 5.0% is measured, atomized spray exists In combined amount;It is standby that the compound of atomization water process with 40 mesh sieves is repeated sieving 3 times;Then the raw material pre-processed is sealed It is placed on the old 2d of lucifuge shady place;Using isostatic pressing equipment powder pressing into cylindrical shape;The product of shaping is put Put and manage a couple of days in ventilating and cooling place;Finally the product packaging for the shaping dried in the shade.
Embodiment 7:
It is 200 mesh to weigh granularity respectively first, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 96.8%, food-grade water-soluble starch 3%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.1%, polyethylene glycol alkyl ether 0.1%, load resin ball grinder In, then weigh certain particle diameter than ball milling stone 250g be placed in ball grinder, and 80ml pure water.Ratio is controlled as material: Ball:Water=1:2.5:0.8, load ball grinder, to pour out slurry after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 15min, and cross 200 mesh Sieve.Then slurry sealing is placed on the old 2d of lucifuge shady place.Slurry is injected in mould and shaped.Then the production after curable type Product, which are placed in infrared drying oven, handles a couple of days until being completely dried.Dried product packaging.
Embodiment 8:
Weigh the quality percentage of the commercially available stable performance that granularity is 200 mesh, temperature in use is 850 DEG C and technical maturity respectively first Than for grey (Zr~Si~Ni) the low temperature colour glaze of 89.8% zirconium, food-grade water-soluble starch 10%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.1%, gathering Ethylene glycol alkyl ether 0.1%, is fitted into resin ball grinder, then weigh certain particle diameter than ball milling stone 250g be placed in ball grinder In, and 80ml pure water.Ratio is controlled as material:Ball:Water=1:2.5:0.8, load ball grinder, with 120r/min rotating speed Slurry is poured out after ball mill mixing 15min, and crosses 200 mesh sieves.Then slurry sealing is placed on the old 2d of lucifuge shady place.Slurry Shaped in material injection mould.Then the product after curable type is placed in infrared drying oven and handles a couple of days until being completely dried. Dried product packaging.
Embodiment 9:
It is 300 mesh to weigh granularity respectively first, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 84.8%, food-grade water-soluble starch 15%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.1%, polyethylene glycol alkyl ether 0.1%, load resin ball milling In tank, then weigh certain particle diameter than ball milling stone 250g be placed in ball grinder, and 80ml pure water.The ratio is controlled to be Material:Ball:Water=1:2.5:0.8, load ball grinder, to pour out slurry, and mistake after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 15min 200 mesh sieves.Then slurry sealing is placed on the old 2d of lucifuge shady place.Slurry is injected in mould and shaped.Then curable type Product be placed on drying process in thermal infrared drying box.Product is placed on aging in ultraviolet ageing case after chalk is completely dried Processing, the product packaging that then burin-in process is crossed.
Embodiment 10:
It is 200 mesh to weigh granularity respectively first, and temperature in use is 850 DEG C of commercially available zirconium praseodymium yellow low temperature colour glaze 95.8%, food Grade water-soluble starch 3%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.1%, polyethylene glycol alkyl ether 0.1%, the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of mass percent 1.0%, Be fitted into resin ball grinder, then weigh certain particle diameter than ball milling stone 250g be placed in ball grinder, and 80ml distilled water. Ratio is controlled as material:Ball:Water=1:2.5:0.8, load ball grinder, to be poured out after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 15min Slurry, and cross 200 mesh sieves.Then slurry sealing is placed on the old 2d of lucifuge shady place.Slurry is injected in mould and shaped.So The product after curable type is placed in 100 DEG C of air dry ovens afterwards and handled.Dried product packaging.
Embodiment 11:
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively first, and temperature in use is 850 DEG C of commercially available glaze agate red colorant 89.8%, food-grade Water soluble starch 10%, food-grade Artemisia Glue 0.1%, polyethylene glycol alkyl ether 0.1%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, then claims Take certain particle diameter than ball milling stone 250g be placed in ball grinder, and 80ml distilled water.Ratio is controlled as material:Ball:Water=1: 2.5:0.8, load ball grinder, to pour out slurry after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 15min, and cross 200 mesh sieves.Then Slurry sealing is placed on the old 2d of lucifuge shady place.Slurry is injected in mould and shaped.Then the product after curable type is placed on Handled in 100 DEG C of air dry ovens.Dried product packaging.
Embodiment 12:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of commercially available zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 99.99%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to be poured out after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h Powder, and 40 mesh sieves are crossed, after sieving 3 times, it is placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm cylinders chalk, as shown in Figure 5.Finally the product of shaping is placed on Ventilating and cooling place.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.
Embodiment 13:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of commercially available zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 99.99%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to be poured out after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h Powder, and 40 mesh sieves are crossed, after sieving 3 times, it is placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk, as shown in Figure 6.Finally the product of shaping is placed on Handled in 100 DEG C of air dry ovens.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.
Embodiment 14:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, and temperature in use is 850 DEG C of commercially available agate red colorant 99.99%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to pour out powder after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h, and crosses 40 mesh sieves, mistake After sieve 3 times, it is placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk, as shown in Figure 7.Finally the product of shaping is placed on Drying process in thermal infrared drying box.Product is placed on burin-in process in ultraviolet ageing case after chalk is completely dried, then The product packaging that burin-in process is crossed.
Embodiment 15:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 98.99%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.01%, the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of mass percent 1.0%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, with 120r/min Rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h after pour out powder, and cross 40 mesh sieves, after sieving 3 times, be placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.The product of shaping is finally placed on 100 DEG C of air blast Handled in drying box.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.
Embodiment 16:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 99.99%, food-grade Artemisia Glue 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to be fallen after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h Go out powder, and cross 40 mesh sieves, after sieving 3 times, be placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.It is shady and cool that the product of shaping is finally placed on ventilation Place.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.
Embodiment 17:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 99.99%, food-grade Artemisia Glue 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to be fallen after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h Go out powder, and cross 40 mesh sieves, after sieving 3 times, be placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.Finally the product of shaping is placed on and done in thermal infrared Drying process in dry case.Product is placed on burin-in process in ultraviolet ageing case after chalk is completely dried, then burin-in process The product packaging crossed.
Embodiment 18:
10g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, will bore Shape bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 200 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 99.99%, food-grade Artemisia Glue 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to be fallen after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h Go out powder, and cross 40 mesh sieves, after sieving 3 times, be placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on lucifuge shady place old 1 My god.Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.It is cloudy that the product of shaping is finally placed on ventilation Liang Chu.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.
Embodiment 19:
10g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, will bore Shape bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 200 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, and temperature in use is 850 DEG C of commercially available zirconium pr-yellow material 99.99%, food-grade sand sagebrush (Artemisia filifolia) Glue 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to pour out powder after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h, and crosses 40 mesh sieves, After sieving 3 times, it is placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.Finally the product of shaping is placed on and done in thermal infrared Drying process in dry case.Product is placed on burin-in process in ultraviolet ageing case after chalk is completely dried, then burin-in process The product packaging crossed.
Embodiment 20:
10g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, will bore Shape bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 200 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, and temperature in use is 850 DEG C of commercially available agate red colorant 98.99%, food-grade sand sagebrush (Artemisia filifolia) Glue 0.01%, the ammonium hydrogen carbonate of mass percent 1.0%, is fitted into resin ball grinder, with 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing Powder is poured out after 1.5h, and crosses 40 mesh sieves, after sieving 3 times, is placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using extrusion process by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.The product of shaping is finally placed on 100 DEG C of air blast Handled in drying box.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.
Embodiment 21:
5g food-grade water-soluble starch is weighed first to be placed in conical flask, is measured 100ml pure water and is added in conical flask, by taper Bottle is placed on magnetic stirring apparatus, and stir about 30min is limpid up to solution, and it is standby to seal taper bottleneck;
It is 320 mesh to weigh granularity respectively simultaneously, grey (Zr~Si~Ni) low temperature colour glaze of zirconium that temperature in use is 850 DEG C 99.99%, Sodium Polyacrylate 0.01%, it is fitted into resin ball grinder, to be poured out after 120r/min rotating speed ball mill mixing 1.5h Powder, and 40 mesh sieves are crossed, after sieving 3 times, it is placed in enamel tray;
50ml water soluble starch solutions are then added, and into pug, pug sealing is then placed on the old 1d of lucifuge shady place. Pug is moulded into using moulding moulage method by a diameter of 10mm columns chalk.It is shady and cool that the product of shaping is finally placed on ventilation Place.Mounted box is packed after chalk is completely dried.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk, it is characterised in that the chalk be containing temperature in use be 700~850 DEG C pottery porcelain colour and/or ceramic glaze the effigurate body material of tool, the chalk can paint on matrix Or mark.
  2. 2. low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the chalk, the pottery The content of porcelain colour and/or ceramic glaze is more than 70%.
  3. 3. low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that
    The porcelain colour of making pottery is preferably crimson lake at least one of glaze stain, body stain, ceramic paint, agate red, Zirconium iron pink, white flux, zirconium praseodymium yellow, green grass, zirconium ash, for reddish brown, gorgeous at least one of black;
    The ceramic glaze is selected from least one of marzacotto, translucent glaze, milkiness glaze.
  4. 4. low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk according to any one of claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that
    Any one of the shape of the chalk in column, bulk, spherical, sheet;
    The color of the chalk is white or at least one of colour, preferred white, red, green, blueness, yellow, black.
  5. 5. a kind of method of the low-temp ceramics colored drawing/mark chalk prepared any one of Claims 1-4, its feature It is, comprises the following steps:
    (1)Pottery porcelain colour and/or ceramic glaze that temperature in use is 700~850 DEG C are mixed with auxiliary reagent, are constructed to The pretreatment material being enough molded;
    (2)Pretreatment material is shaped to have effigurate article shaped.
  6. 6. according to the method for claim 5, it is characterised in that step(1)In, the pretreatment material is dry mash, wet-milling Any one in material, slurry, pug;
    Preferably, the preparation method of dry mash includes:The colour glaze that mass percent is 80.0~99.0%, quality are weighed respectively Percentage is 0.1~3.0% solid dispersion agent, and mass percent is 0~5.0% shape-fixing agent, and mass percent is 0~2.0% Foaming agent, be fitted into ball grinder, mix 1.5~5 hours after, by the material mixed take out, with 40 mesh sieves repeat sieving several times;
    Preferably, the preparation method of wet mash includes:The colour glaze that mass percent is 75.0~97.9%, quality are weighed respectively Percentage is 0.1~3.0% solid dispersion agent, and mass percent is 0~5.0% shape-fixing agent, and mass percent is 0~2.0% Foaming agent, be fitted into ball grinder, mix 1.5~5 hours after, by the material mixed take out, then measure mass percent 2.0~ 10.0% water, atomized spray is on compound;The compound of atomization water process is repeated sieving several times with 40 mesh sieves;
    Preferably, the preparation method of slurry includes:The colour glaze that mass percent is 70.0~98.9%, quality hundred are weighed respectively Divide than the thickening binding agent for 0~20%, mass percent is 1.0~5.0% shape-fixing agent, and mass percent is 0~2.0% Foaming agent, is fitted into ball grinder 314, then weigh certain particle diameter than ball milling stone be placed in ball grinder, then add appropriate steam Distilled water is as ball-milling medium, then measures the liquid dispersant of percent by volume 0.1~3.0%, after mixing 5~45 minutes, by what is mixed Slurry is poured out, and crosses 200 mesh sieves;
    Preferably, the preparation method of pug includes:Dose volume percentage is 5~20% thickening binder solution;Weigh respectively Mass percent be 75.0~99.999% colour glaze, mass percent be 0.1~3.0% solid dispersion agent, quality percentage Than the shape-fixing agent for 0.001~5.0%, mass percent is 0~2.0% foaming agent, is fitted into ball grinder, is mixed 1.5~5 hours Afterwards, the material mixed is taken out, after repeating sieving several times with 40 mesh sieves, is placed in container, then adds the body necessarily matched The thickening binder solution that product percentage is 5~20%, and into mud.
  7. 7. the method according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that step(1)And step(2)Between also include will locate in advance Old 1~7 day of reason material.
  8. 8. the method according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that step(2)In, forming method is dry-press process or wet Method is molded;Preferably, any one of dry-press process in powder dry pressing, isostatic pressing method, die pressing, wet moulding is selected from Any one in extrusion molding, compression moulding, slurry casting method, impression method.
  9. 9. according to the method for claim 8, it is characterised in that step(2)In,
    Dry mash or wet mash are pressed into using powder former the shape of needs;
    Slurry is injected die forming;
    Pug is moulded into using the method for manual kneading, extrusion molding or impressing the body of various needs.
  10. 10. the method according to any one of claim 5 to 9, it is characterised in that step(2)Also include article shaped afterwards Post-processed, it is preferable that the post processing is selected from 35~200 DEG C of drying process, 200~350 DEG C of micro- sintering processes, thermal infrareds Drying process, ultraviolet ageing processing, a kind of mode in the micro- sintering of laser or various ways combine.
CN201710612508.0A 2017-07-25 2017-07-25 Chalk for low-temperature ceramic colored drawing/marking and preparation method thereof Active CN107384027B (en)

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CN109306211A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-02-05 南昌蓝珀笔业画材有限公司 A kind of environmental protection encaustic color stick and preparation method thereof

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