Patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed
The present invention relates to technical field of medical instruments, specifically a kind of patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed.
Cerebral apoplexy is also known as apoplexy, refers to due to the brain function loss that brain blood supply is obstructed and develops rapidly.80% cerebral apoplexy
Belong to cerebral arterial thrombosis, be due to blood supply insufficiency of brain, cause cerebral tissue function's obstacle and necrosis.With the hair of China's economy
Exhibition, rhythm of life is more and more faster, and the life stress of people is increasing, and the number of patients with cerebral apoplexy is also more and more.Cerebral apoplexy
Patient can leave the sequelae such as different degrees of hemiplegia, muscle cramp atrophy, aphasia mostly when entering convalescence, wherein
Physical handicaps based on hemiplegia are most commonly seen, and great pain is caused with household to oneself.
In order to avoid limb muscle spasm and thoroughly paralysis, doing function digit to patient limb and putting for timing is clinically needed
Motion, at present, prior art relies primarily on manually puts motion to carry out the function digit of limbs to patient, and operation is cumbersome,
And waste time and energy.Particularly some suffer from more serious cerebral apoplexy patient due to sequelae caused by brain damage, sit up and stand all
Can not oneself carry out, convalescence will by special medical worker or family members by hand operation handlebar patient each take seat in one's arms
Rise, and this motion will daily be repeated several times and adhere to, labor intensity is big, adds great work difficulty to medical worker and bears
Load, patient are also not easy to adhere to.Just because of this reason, some patients in optimal active stage because that can not carry out function digit pendulum in time
Put motion and joint motion and cause arthrocleisis, the adverse consequences such as muscular atrophy, have a strong impact on taking care of oneself for patient
Ability, and bring psychological pressure.Therefore, the cerebral apoplexy patient health that a kind of automaticity is high, training effect is good is set
Multiple rehabilitation of the training bed for motor function of stroke patients obstacle and treatment are significant.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is：A kind of patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed is provided, it is without artificial mistake
More auxiliary, you can under program control effect, the rehabilitation training that is automatically sat up and lain down to patients with cerebral apoplexy, and upper suffering limb
The anti-spasm that is constantly converted with lower suffering limb function digit, functional recovery training；And by patient's incidence, upper suffering limb and lower suffering limb
Corresponding site discharges the mode of the additional point massage of boost pulse, nerve cell, and dredging the channel is activated, so as to effectively prevent
The muscle cramp and atrophy of patient bedridden in long term, promote it to suffer from body quick recovery.
The present invention is that technical scheme is used by solving above-mentioned technical problem：Patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed, bag
The bedstead and supporting plate being arranged on bedstead, controlling organization and motor group are included, described supporting plate is in side along its length
It is divided into the fixed part being hinged and rotation section two parts upwards, is located in supporting plate in the middle part of the one end of rotation section and is provided with one
For the neck support of immobilized patients incidence, the neck support includes elastic air cushion layer and is arranged on filling inside the elastic air cushion layer
Air cavity, described inflatable chamber are connected by an airway tube with external air bag, and after inflatable chamber inflation, can support elastic gas
The outer surface of bed course forms a concave accommodation space for being used for clip immobilized patients head and neck, and the concave houses
The prominent grain of multiple massages is evenly arranged with the neck support outer surface that can be contacted with patient's incidence in space and multiple can be released
The electrode slice of boost pulse is put, described electrode slice connects with an impulse generator electrode, and the impulse generator and control
Mechanism electrically connects；
Actuating unit and pull bar are provided with the bedstead below rotation section, actuating unit electrically connects with controlling organization, push-and-pull
The end of bar is fixedly connected with the lower surface of rotation section, and the pull bar can be driven under the control of controlling organization by actuating unit
It is dynamic to drive rotation section boost and playback downwards upwards；
Two small arm restraining boards are symmetrically set with above the rotation section, it is symmetrical in the top of the fixed part
It is provided with two shank fixed plates, being evenly arranged with the upper surface of the small arm restraining board and shank fixed plate multiple can release
The electrode slice of boost pulse is put, and electrode slice connects with impulse generator electrode, a left side for each small arm restraining board and shank fixed plate
Right both sides are symmetrically arranged with multiple flexible fastenings for being used to be fixed thereon the front end of the front end of forearm or shank on surface
Band, and the end of the corresponding elastic reducing-fixing band in both sides is provided with the fixed connection apparatus that can be cooperated, each forearm
Slide is respectively and fixedly provided with the lower surface of fixed plate and shank fixed plate, and is respectively provided with the supporting plate corresponding to below each slide
Have and electrically connected for the slide in the track moved around thereon, described motor group with controlling organization, the slide
It can be driven by motor group under the control of controlling organization and drive patient's upper limbs or lower limb to be completed on its corresponding track
Swing and front and rear flexion and extension.
Described neck support includes the fixation headgear for the neck brace part of clip patient's neck and for clip patients head,
After inflatable chamber inflation in neck brace part, the upper surface of the elastic air cushion layer on its surface can be supported to form a circle to cave inward
Arc, after fixing the inflatable chamber inflation in headgear, the elastic air cushion layer on its surface can be supported to form a hollow cover lid
The front portion of the fixed headgear is rotatably connected to one and the eyeshade for being covered in eye may be reversed.
Level frame is provided with one piece of installing plate on described bedstead, and controlling organization, actuating unit and impulse generator are respectively provided with
On the installing plate.
Described inflatable chamber is to be detachably connected with airway tube.
Described external air bag is that pin steps on pump or bellows type inflator pump.
Be provided with the elasticity for the upper body trunk of patient being fixed thereon on surface on the upper surface of the rotation section
Fixing band, and the end of the corresponding elastic reducing-fixing band in both sides is provided with the fixed connection apparatus that can be cooperated.It is described
Fixed connection apparatus for nylon hook, eye-splice, magic glue or snap-fastener.
Track corresponding to slide below described two shank fixed plates is made up of a curved track I and two vertical rails,
Wherein, curved track I is towards the free end curving of fixed part, and vertical rail is parallel with the length direction of supporting plate, and vertical rail
Free end towards supporting plate be provided with neck support one end extend.
Track corresponding to slide below described two small arm restraining boards is by the curved track II and arc that are symmetrical set
Rail III is formed, and curved track II is respectively facing the side curving of its corresponding supporting plate with curved track III.
1st, patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed of the invention, have it is simple in construction, it is reasonable in design, it is easy to use the features such as.Dress
Put overall without human assistance, you can under the program control effect of controlling organization, be automatically completed a whole set of upper suffering limb and lower trouble
The anti-spasm training that limb function digit constantly converts, and the rehabilitation training for sitting up and lying down.Replaced in device using Power Component
Manual operation, it is not only time saving and energy saving, and working specification, complete is trained, training effect is ensure that, is easy to patient to adhere to instructing for a long time
Practice, and recover brain function and body movement function faster, also reduce the workload and working strength of medical personnel, practicality effect
Fruit is good.
2nd, neck support is filled by the inflation of its inner inflatable chamber in patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed of the invention, energy
It is enough that relatively comfortable, firm cladding and fixation are carried out to the neck to patient and head in rehabilitation training, prevent the upper autopodium of patient
Body produces displacement and rocked in continuous sport training process, and solid and reliable property is good.The elastic gas of inflatable chamber is carried in neck support
The air block overcoat that bed course is formed after inflation, there is certain flexibility, avoid incidence and moving back and forth training
When the collision and damage that bring.Meanwhile the setting of the prominent grain of neck support surface massage can fill in neck support inner inflatable chamber, deflate
Process a certain degree of massage has been carried out to the incidence skin of patient, so as to stimulate the fast quick-recovery work(of incidence nervous system
Energy.The detachable connection of inflatable chamber and airway tube facilitates using and depositing for aerating device on neck support.
3rd, patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed of the invention, on the outer surface of neck support and patient contact, Yi Jiyong
In being provided with the electrode slice that is electrically connected with impulse generator in the fixed plate of suffering limb forearm on immobilized patients and lower suffering limb shank.
The electrode slice can be in the rehabilitation training of patient, the incidence acupuncture point intensive to blood vessel, nerve, and subjective consciousness energy
The upper suffering limb and lower suffering limb of dynamic property difference carry out release impulse stimulation.The impulse stimulation can improve the activity of nerve cell, enhancing
Signal transmission between nerve cell, the component for aiding in carrying out suffering limb action training carry out the recovery of function and anti-lesion, with
The nerve pathway that occlusion occurs for patient's body is progressively got through, and nerve pathway in damaged condition is substituted with new nerve pathway, so as to
Play a part of promoting patient's neurological functional recovery.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of neck support in the present invention；
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the medium and small arm restraining board of the present invention；
Reference：1st, bedstead, 2, controlling organization, 3, fixed part, 4, rotation section, 5, actuating unit, 6, pull bar, 7, neck
Support, 701, elastic air cushion layer, 702, inflatable chamber, 8, small arm restraining board, 9, shank fixed plate, 10, elastic reducing-fixing band, 11, fixed
Attachment means, 12, curved track I, 13, vertical rail, 14, airway tube, 15, external air bag, 16, electrode slice, 17, impulse generator,
18th, eyeshade, 19, curved track II, 20, curved track III.
Illustrate the embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings：
As illustrated, patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed, including bedstead 1 and the supporting plate, the control machine that are arranged on bedstead 1
Structure 2 and motor group, level frame is provided with one piece of installing plate, actuating unit 5, controlling organization 2 and impulse generator 17 on bedstead 1
It is arranged on the installing plate, described supporting plate is divided into the fixed part 3 being hinged and rotation section 4 on along its length
Two parts, it is located in supporting plate and a neck support 7 for being used for immobilized patients incidence, institute is provided with the middle part of the one end of rotation section 4
The neck support 7 stated functionally divides, including the neck brace part for clip patient's neck and the fixation for clip patients head
Headgear, neck support 7 divide from external and internal compositionses, including elastic air cushion layer 701 and are arranged on filling inside the elastic air cushion layer 701
Air cavity 702, neck brace part and two inflatable chambers 702 fixed in headgear are communication type structure, and described inflatable chamber 702 passes through one
The airway tube 14 being detachably connected connects with external air bag 15, and external air bag 15 herein steps on pump or bellows type inflator pump for pin,
After inflatable chamber 702 in neck brace part is inflated, the upper surface of the elastic air cushion layer 701 on its surface can be supported to form one and concaved
Sunken circular arc, after fixing the inflation of inflatable chamber 702 in headgear, the elastic air cushion layer 701 on its surface can be supported to form one
Hollow cover lid cap body, the front portion of fixed headgear are rotatably connected to one and the eyeshade 18 for being covered in eye, institute may be reversed
After stating the inner inflatable of neck support 7, the concave for clip immobilized patients head and neck that its outer surface is formed houses
The prominent grain of multiple massages is evenly arranged with the outer surface that can be contacted with patient's incidence in space and multiple can discharge stimulation
The electrode slice 16 of pulse, described electrode slice 16 connect with an electrode of impulse generator 17, and the impulse generator 17 and control
Mechanism 2 processed electrically connects.
Actuating unit 5 and pull bar 6, actuating unit 5 and the electricity of controlling organization 2 are provided with bedstead 1 below rotation section 4
Connection, the end of pull bar 6 are fixedly connected with the lower surface of rotation section 4, and the pull bar 6 can be in the control of controlling organization 2
Under rotation section 4 is moved by the drive belt of actuating unit 5 boosted and downwards playback upwards.
Two small arm restraining board 8 is symmetrically set with the top of the rotation section 4, in the top of the fixed part 3
It is symmetrically set with two shank fixed plates 9, is uniformly arranged on the upper surface of the small arm restraining board 8 and shank fixed plate 9
There are multiple electrode slices 16 that can discharge boost pulse, and electrode slice 16 connects with the electrode of impulse generator 17, the upper table of rotation section 4
Be provided with the elastic reducing-fixing band 10 for the upper body trunk of patient being fixed thereon on surface, and the bullet that both sides are corresponding on face
The end of property fixing band 10 is provided with the fixed connection apparatus 11 that can be cooperated.Each small arm restraining board 8 and shank are consolidated
The left and right sides of fixed board 9 is symmetrically arranged with multiple for the front end of the front end of forearm or shank to be fixed thereon on surface
Elastic reducing-fixing band 10, and the end of the corresponding elastic reducing-fixing band 10 in both sides be provided with can cooperate be fixedly connected with dress
11 are put, fixed connection apparatus 11 herein is nylon hook, eye-splice, magic are viscous or snap-fastener, each small arm restraining board 8 and small
Slide is respectively and fixedly provided with the lower surface of leg fixed plate 9, and is provided with corresponding to below each slide in supporting plate for the slide
In the track moved around thereon, track is by a curved track corresponding to the slide of described two lower sections of shank fixed plates 9
I 12 and two vertical rails 13 form, wherein, curved track I 12 towards fixed part 3 free end curving, vertical rail 13 with branch
The length direction of fagging is parallel, and the free end of vertical rail 13 is provided with one end extension of neck support 7 towards supporting plate.It is described two
Track corresponding to the slide of the small lower section of arm restraining board 8 is made up of the curved track II 19 and curved track III 20 being symmetrical set, and
Curved track II 19 is respectively facing the side curving of its corresponding supporting plate with curved track III 20.Described motor group with
Controlling organization 2 is electrically connected, and the slide can be driven under the control of controlling organization 2 and drive patient's upper limbs by motor group
Or lower limb are completed to swing and front and rear flexion and extension on its corresponding track.
The present invention patients with cerebral apoplexy convalescence training bed for it is specifically used when, first allow patient to lie low in therapeutic bed
On, make that the position of neck brace part of its neck with being set in supporting plate is corresponding, and head is placed in fixed headgear, if necessary, can revolve
Turn the eyeshade that gland is put to cover eye, afterwards, using external air bag by being detachably connected with inflatable chamber
Inflation interacvity air-filling of the airway tube to neck brace part, neck brace part upper surface is formed the circular arc to cave inward, and both sides
Higher position that the whole incidence progress of patient is comfortable, firm can coat, be fixed；Form the surface for fixing headgear
One hollow cover lid cap body, comfortable to head progress of the patient in addition to face, firm coats, is fixed.Neck support exists
The prominent grain of multiple massages is evenly arranged with the outer surface that can be contacted with patient's incidence after inflation, passes through inflatable chamber in neck support
Inflation/deflation process can carry out a certain degree of massage to the incidence blood vessel of patient and nerve and stimulate, help its fast quick-recovery
Carry out upper torso sit up training when, by controlling organization starter, convalescence training bed can be according to journey
Sequence setting carries out the training that sits up and lie down of a period of time to patient.
When needing the function digit for carrying out upper suffering limb to patient to put conversion training, using the bullet set on small arm restraining board
Property connect band carries out firm clip to the forearm of patient and fixed.Then, by controlling organization starter, function digit puts dress
The actuating unit put can according to program setting with movable slider its to track on move back and forth, and then to the upper of patient
The function digit that bends and stretches and swing is put change and relieved a garrison spasm functional recovery training before and after suffering limb is carried out.
When needing the function digit for carrying out lower suffering limb to patient to put conversion training, using the bullet set in shank fixed plate
Property connect band carries out firm clip to the shank of patient and fixed.Then, by controlling organization starter, function digit puts dress
The actuating unit put can according to program setting with movable slider its to track on move back and forth, and then under patient
The function digit that bends and stretches and swing is put change and relieved a garrison spasm functional recovery training before and after suffering limb is carried out.
Certainly, the sitting up of upper torso, lie down training and the function digit of upper suffering limb and lower suffering limb puts conversion training
It can carry out simultaneously.
On the outer surface of neck support and patient contact, and suffering limb forearm and lower suffering limb shank on immobilized patients
Multiple electrode slices electrically connected with impulse generator are provided with fixed plate.When the pulse generation for opening controlled mechanism controls
After device, patient's incidence and upper and lower suffering limb will be made with the multiple electrodes piece that patient's incidence and upper suffering limb and lower suffering limb contact
Channels and collaterals are in pulse environment, and pulse can improve the activity of nerve cell, strengthen the signal transmitted between nerve cell, and then
Progressively promote the recovery of patient's nervous function.Meanwhile pulse can also enter in the channels and collaterals of user and conduct along channels and collaterals, so as to
The channels and collaterals that occlusion occurs are got through, make channels and collaterals unimpeded, so that impaired human biological electricity recovers normal, simultaneously because channels and collaterals have sense
It should stimulate, the effect of conducts information.I.e.：The setting of impulse generator and electrode slice can 1, progressively thrombus, 2, progressively beat
The nerve pathway of occlusion occurs for logical patient's body, and 3, nerve pathway in damaged condition is substituted with new nerve pathway, controlled so as to reach
The purpose treated and prevented.
Impulse stimulation in the present invention can improve the activity of user's blood cell, the oxygen content in increase blood, mend
Fill the biological electricity and dredging the channel of cell, be finally reached progressively thrombus, get through patient's body occur occlusion nerve pathway,
The purpose of nerve pathway in damaged condition is substituted with new nerve pathway.
After training bed use terminates, detachable airway tube and external air bag are easily stored to it.Meanwhile inflatable chamber
The wearing of neck support is facilitated with the detachable connection of airway tube.
The present invention is simple in construction, ingenious in design, is easy to patient's self training.Device replaces people by the way of machine power
Power training cerebral apoplexy patient sits up and lower suffering limb function digit puts conversion, not only time saving and energy saving, simple to operate, also allows for brain
Patients with stroke adheres to training faster recovery brain function and body movement function for a long time.Device is overall without human assistance, and instructs
It is good to practice effect, reduces the workload and working strength of doctor, good practical effect.