CN107372607A - A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107372607A
CN107372607A CN201710679190.8A CN201710679190A CN107372607A CN 107372607 A CN107372607 A CN 107372607A CN 201710679190 A CN201710679190 A CN 201710679190A CN 107372607 A CN107372607 A CN 107372607A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
protection agent
antimicrobial protection
environmentally friendly
seed
mixture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710679190.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵辉
董小刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Heilongjiang Nine Grain Valley Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Heilongjiang Nine Grain Valley Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Heilongjiang Nine Grain Valley Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Heilongjiang Nine Grain Valley Agricultural Science And Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710679190.8A priority Critical patent/CN107372607A/en
Publication of CN107372607A publication Critical patent/CN107372607A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N61/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing substances of unknown or undetermined composition, e.g. substances characterised only by the mode of action
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07GCOMPOUNDS OF UNKNOWN CONSTITUTION
    • C07G17/00Other compounds of unknown constitution
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08HDERIVATIVES OF NATURAL MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08H99/00Subject matter not provided for in other groups of this subclass, e.g. flours, kernels
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/14Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing organic compounds only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2101/00Agricultural use

Abstract

This application provides a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent, it is related to crop technical field, solves in the prior art the technical problem that seed viability is low, emergence rate is low, influences yield.The preparation method of the environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent of the application, comprises the following steps:Step S1, sugarcane bits, beet bits are weighed into mixing, obtains the first mixture;Step S2, water is added into the first mixture so that the water content of the first mixture reaches 80%~90%, after carrying out spontaneous fermentation, obtains the second mixture;Step S3, fulvic acid liquid is extracted from the second mixture;Step S4, obtained fulvic acid is mixed with potassium preparation, potassium fulvate solution, as antimicrobial protection agent is made.The application is applied to seed antibacterial.

Description

A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop technical field, and in particular to a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent.
Background technology
Seed is phanerogamous breeding system, is played an important role to continuing species.Seed and human lives' relation are close Cut, in addition to grain, oil, cotton necessary to daily life, some medicinal, seasonings, beverage both are from seed.Plant, great Shu, flowers and plants are also Seminal propagation.Many seeds can be eaten, and be the delicious food on dining table.
After seed plantation, a large amount of bacteriums are easily grown around seed, cause that the survival rate of seed is low, emergence rate of seed It is low, and then cause crop production reduction.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the application is to propose a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent, for solving prior art In, the survival rate of seed is low, seed emergence rate is low, crop production reduction technical problem.
The preparation method of the environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent of the application, comprises the following steps:
Step S1, sugarcane bits, beet bits are weighed into mixing, obtains the first mixture;
Step S2, water is added into the first mixture so that the water content of the first mixture reaches 80%~90%, carries out certainly So after fermentation, the second mixture is obtained;
Step S3, fulvic acid liquid is extracted from the second mixture;
Step S4, obtained fulvic acid is mixed with potassium preparation, potassium fulvate solution, as antimicrobial protection agent is made.
Alternatively, in step S1, by sugarcane bits, beet bits according to 40~70 parts of sugarcane bits, beet bits 30~ 60 parts are mixed, and above-mentioned number is parts by weight.
Preferably, sugarcane bits, beet bits are mixed according to 60 parts of sugarcane bits, 40 parts of beet bits, it is above-mentioned Number is parts by weight.
Alternatively, in step S2, the fermentation temperature of spontaneous fermentation is 70~75 DEG C, and the time is 15~18d.
Alternatively, step S3 method includes:
Step a:By the second mixture and water according to part by weight 1:1 is mixed;
Step b:Zymotic fluid is collected in crowded filter;Step c:Filter or centrifuge after standing, obtain crude extract, adjust crude extract PH value;
Step d:Filtered after standing 10min or 15min is centrifuged with 4000r/min, obtain fulvic acid extract solution.
Preferably, step c concrete technology condition is:Filtered after standing 1h or 15min is centrifuged with 4000r/min, obtained Crude extract, and adjust with concentrated hydrochloric acid or concentrated nitric acid the pH value of crude extract.
Alternatively, obtained crude extract includes brown humic acid and fulvic acid in step c.
Alternatively, the potassium preparation selected in step S4 be potassium hydroxide, potassium phosphate, potassium chloride, in one or more.
Preferably, in step S4, the pH scopes of obtained potassium fulvate solution are 5.5~6.0.
The preparation method of the environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent of the application, it is pure plant-fermented using sugarcane bits, beet bits, Obtained antimicrobial protection agent, while environmental protection, antibacterial and mouldproof, promote well developed root system, improved soil nodule structure, loose soil Earth, the retain water and nutrients ability for improving soil;After being mixed with seed, the bacterium that is grown around seed is reduced so that seed into Motility rate is high, i.e., the emergence rate of seed is high, and then the technique effect of increasing crop yield.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be to embodiment or existing in order to illustrate more clearly of the embodiment of the present application or technical scheme of the prior art There is the required accompanying drawing used in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments described in application, for those of ordinary skill in the art, other can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings Accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the preparation method of the environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent in the embodiment of the present application.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Ground describes, it is clear that described embodiment is part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the present invention In embodiment, the every other implementation that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Example, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
The application proposes a kind of method of the preparation of antimicrobial protection agent, and Fig. 1 is that the environmentally friendly seed in the embodiment of the present application resists The flow chart of the protectant preparation method of bacterium.As shown in figure 1, the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent, including following step Suddenly:
Step S1, sugarcane bits, beet bits are weighed into mixing, obtains the first mixture;
Wherein, mixed according to the parts by weight of 40~70 parts of sugarcane bits, 30~60 parts of beet bits.
It should be noted that 60 parts of sugarcane bits, when 40 parts of beet bits are mixed, final obtained antimicrobial protection agent Effect it is best.Above-mentioned number is parts by weight.
Preferably, sugarcane bits are chosen, beet bits are mixed, using it is pure plant-fermented while, reasonably utilize Discarded sugarcane bits, beet bits, turn waste into wealth, create more economic values.
Step S2, water is added into the first mixture so that the water content of the first mixture reaches 80%~90%, carries out certainly So after fermentation, the second mixture is obtained;
It should be noted that the water content of the first mixture can be measured with drimeter;Spontaneous fermentation Fermentation temperature is 70~75 DEG C, and the time is 15~18d.
Step S3, fulvic acid liquid is extracted from the second mixture;
Herein, the method for extraction fulvic acid is from the second mixture:
Step a:By the second mixture and water according to part by weight 1:1 is mixed;
Step b:Zymotic fluid is collected in crowded filter;
Step c:Filter or centrifuge after standing, obtain crude extract, adjust the pH value of crude extract;
Specifically, filtered after standing or the actual conditions of centrifugation is:Filter after standing 1h or centrifuged with 4000r/min 15min, obtain crude extract.The pH value of crude extract is adjusted, it is 1.5 that can use the pH of concentrated hydrochloric acid or concentrated nitric acid regulation crude extract ~2.5.Crude extract includes brown humic acid and fulvic acid.
Step d:Filtered after standing 10min or 15min is centrifuged with 4000r/min, obtain fulvic acid extract solution.
Alternatively, after being filtered after standing 10min or centrifuging 15min with 4000r/min so that brown humic acid Precipitation, Obtain fulvic acid extract solution.
Step S4, obtained fulvic acid is mixed with potassium preparation, potassium fulvate solution, as antimicrobial protection agent is made.
Alternatively, when potassium fulvate solution is mixed with potassium preparation, potassium preparation can choose potassium hydroxide, potassium phosphate, chlorination Potassium, in one or more.
The pH scopes of obtained potassium fulvate solution are 5.5~6.0.The potassium fulvate solution of gained is antimicrobial protection Agent.
By antimicrobial protection agent made from testing inspection, several amino acids are contained in extract solution, especially with glutamic acid and color ammonia The content of acid is more.So that obtained antimicrobial protection agent on the basis of antibacterial and mouldproof, improves the germination percentage of seed, promotes blade Photosynthesis, improve the survival rate of seed.
The preparation method of the environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent of the application, it is pure plant-fermented using sugarcane bits, beet bits, Obtained antimicrobial protection agent, while environmental protection, antibacterial and mouldproof, promote well developed root system, improved soil nodule structure, loose soil Earth, the retain water and nutrients ability for improving soil;After being mixed with seed, the bacterium that is grown around seed is reduced so that seed into Motility rate is high, i.e., the emergence rate of seed is high, and then the technique effect of increasing crop yield.
Embodiment two
60 parts of sugarcane bits, 40 parts of beet bits are chosen, above-mentioned number is parts by weight, according to the preparation of embodiment one Method, antimicrobial protection agent is prepared, is 1# solution.It is 2# solution by itself and the fulvic acid extract solution obtained from weathered coal, Carry out check experiment.
By 1# solution and 2# solution with water, rice paddy seed according to 1:2500:2500 ratio carries out mixing seed dressing, above-mentioned Number is parts by weight.Seed soaking time is 6h.After the completion of seed soaking, by the seed naturally dry of acquisition, and sowed to examination Test Tanaka.Its growth data is as shown in table 1:
Table 1
1# 2#
Seeding ratio/% 98 96
It can be obtained by test data, antimicrobial protection agent made from the application, its more natural fulvic acid of activity, there is higher work Property.Seeding ratio is high, has reached the technique effect for making increasing crop yield.
Although having been described for the preferred embodiment of the application, those skilled in the art once know basic creation Property concept, then can make other change and modification to these embodiments.So appended claims be intended to be construed to include it is excellent Select embodiment and fall into having altered and changing for the application scope.Obviously, those skilled in the art can be to the application Various changes and modification are carried out without departing from spirit and scope.So, if these modifications and variations of the application Belong within the scope of the application claim and its equivalent technologies, then the application is also intended to exist comprising these changes and modification It is interior.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Step S1, sugarcane bits, beet bits are weighed into mixing, obtains the first mixture;
Step S2, water is added into the first mixture so that the water content of the first mixture reaches 80%~90%, carries out nature hair After ferment, the second mixture is obtained;
Step S3, fulvic acid liquid is extracted from the second mixture;
Step S4, obtained fulvic acid is mixed with potassium preparation, potassium fulvate solution, as antimicrobial protection agent is made.
2. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that, will be sweet in step S1 Bagasse, beet bits are mixed according to 40~70 parts of sugarcane bits, 30~60 parts of beet bits, and above-mentioned number is weight Number.
3. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that by sugarcane bits, sweet tea Dish slag is mixed according to 60 parts of sugarcane bits, 40 parts of beet bits, and above-mentioned number is parts by weight.
4. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that natural in step S2 The fermentation temperature of fermentation is 70~75 DEG C, and the time is 15~18d.
5. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that step S3 method bag Include:
Step a:By the second mixture and water according to part by weight 1:1 is mixed;
Step b:Zymotic fluid is collected in crowded filter;
Step c:Filter or centrifuge after standing, obtain crude extract, adjust the pH value of crude extract;
Step d:Filtered after standing 10min or 15min is centrifuged with 4000r/min, obtain fulvic acid extract solution.
6. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that step c specific work Skill condition is:Filtered after standing 1h or 15min is centrifuged with 4000r/min, obtain crude extract, and adjusted with concentrated hydrochloric acid or concentrated nitric acid Save the pH value of crude extract.
7. the preparation method of the environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that be made in step c Crude extract include brown humic acid and fulvic acid.
8. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that selected in step S4 Potassium preparation be potassium hydroxide, potassium phosphate, potassium chloride, in one or more.
9. the preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in step S4, be made Potassium fulvate solution pH scopes be 5.5~6.0.
CN201710679190.8A 2017-08-10 2017-08-10 A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent Pending CN107372607A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710679190.8A CN107372607A (en) 2017-08-10 2017-08-10 A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710679190.8A CN107372607A (en) 2017-08-10 2017-08-10 A kind of preparation method of environmentally friendly seed antimicrobial protection agent

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107372607A true CN107372607A (en) 2017-11-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101941851A (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-01-12 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Technology and process for preparing biochemical humic acid by using kitchen waste
CN104446895A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 张常书 Trichoderma biological humic acid and product thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101941851A (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-01-12 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Technology and process for preparing biochemical humic acid by using kitchen waste
CN104446895A (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-03-25 张常书 Trichoderma biological humic acid and product thereof

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王家樑 等,: ""生物质垃圾中甘蔗渣的水热转化研究"", 《科技资讯》 *
郭玉兰 等,: ""从农副产品制取类腐植酸物质的研究"", 《腐植酸》 *

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Application publication date: 20171124

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