CN107371439A - Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method - Google Patents

Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107371439A
CN107371439A CN201710652937.0A CN201710652937A CN107371439A CN 107371439 A CN107371439 A CN 107371439A CN 201710652937 A CN201710652937 A CN 201710652937A CN 107371439 A CN107371439 A CN 107371439A
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original soil
hidden pipe
seashore
introduction
carry out
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Inventor
丁世民
吴祥春
孙曰波
杨兴芳
李寿冰
赵从凯
郭继民
陈大雷
郭明明
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Weifang Vocational College
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Weifang Vocational College
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Priority to CN201710652937.0A priority Critical patent/CN107371439A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/40Afforestation or reforestation

Abstract

The present invention provides Introduction Flowers and carries out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, including laying salt discharge hidden pipe step;Described laying salt discharge hidden pipe:There is circular inlet opening on hidden pipe, it is ensured that overall water inlet area is in 30~33 cm2/m;Ditch is buried in the hidden pipe that green belt is excavated to deep 1~1.2m during laying, it is 5~6m that hidden pipe, which buries spacing, and hidden pipe buries slope control 0.3~0.35 ‰;Filtrate is wrapped up around hidden pipe, Jacket thickness is 5~8cm;After laying salt discharge hidden pipe, 20cm salt-soda soil original soil is covered.Original soil greening method also includes management process after field planting chaenomeles lagenaria, plantation youth-and-old-age, plantation.Original soil greening method of the present invention, survival rate height is not only afforested, moreover, making saline land greening ornamental value high, the amount of blooming is big, florescence length.

Description

Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of saline land greening method, and in particular to Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening Method.
Background technology
At present, domestic many related city such as ground such as Binhai New Area in Tianjin, Delta Region of The Yellow River, Hangzhou Wan new district is green Change the engineerings for using " separation layer+soil moved in improve the original " more and keep away salt measure, carry out lowering of watertable, reduce soil salt content, contain soil Salt amount controls below 0.4% and then carried out Garden Greenland construction.Although above-mentioned measure obtains some effects, but there is also Serious problems.First, not only cost is high, standing charges are big, a variety of hidden danger have been buried for the maintenance management in later stage, and due to Soil moved in improve the original is planted, and will destroy substantial amounts of good farmland every year(1 square metre is often afforested generally on salt marsh, it is necessary to from existing arable land On take 1 cubic metre of excellent planting soil as soil moved in improve the original).Because land resource is non-renewable, the soil removal and replacement generally used at present is afforested Method does a lot of damage to existing arable land and ecological environment;Second, some salt tolerant seeds of plantation, landscape effect are also difficult to hold Long, occur " 1 year it is green, 2 years it is yellow, enter the chamber of a kitchen range within 3 years " phenomenon.It is cheap using cost and meet sustainable gardening and afforestation " original soil greening " technology of development principle is gradually valued by the people.
Carry out people this year and carry out saline land greening more based on trees, flowering plant is less, and sight is not high, even and if having The flowers are in blossom puts, and salt-soda soil is windy, under salty husky environment, and flower, which easily goes to pot, to wither and fall;Chaenomeles lagenaria is rosaceae chaenomeles plant, Its stalk is grown thickly, spinosity on branch, and its bennet is extremely short, and flower is close on limb, is not subject to the destruction of wind sand environment, and its The fresh profit of flower is plump, splendid dazzling, and the amount of blooming is big, florescence length, and sight is high;If introduced a fine variety into salt-soda soil carry out it is green Change, fabulous effect can be played.But chaenomeles lagenaria is in the environment of salt-soda soil and is not easy to survive, and the storage rate that grows into forest is low.
The content of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide Introduction Flowers to carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening Method, improve chaenomeles lagenaria and introduce a fine variety survival rate in salt-soda soil;Greatly improve the ornamental value in saline land greening area.
To solve existing technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, comprise the following steps:
Step 1 salt-soda soil selects
Salt-soda soil surface soil layer pH is 8.5~8.6, and total salt content is 0.53~0.55% after measured, more than 1 meter of soil body thickness.
Step 2 lays salt discharge hidden pipe
The weeds in green belt salt-soda soil are removed, bury ditch in the hidden pipe that green belt is excavated to deep 1~1.2m, hidden pipe buries spacing and is 5~6m, hidden pipe bury slope control 0.3~0.35 ‰;There is circular inlet opening on hidden pipe, it is ensured that overall water inlet area is 30 ~33 cm2/m.It is 5~8cm that filtrate, the Jacket thickness such as coarse sand are wrapped up around hidden pipe;
After laying salt discharge hidden pipe, 20cm salt-soda soil original soil is covered, irrigates a fresh water;After topsoil water is dry, covering is former Soil.
Step 3 ploughs deeply ridging
Using mechanical soil deeptillage, during ploughing deeply, base manure and bactericide are spread fertilizer over the fields;Base manure be decomposed 2~2.5t of farm manure/ Mu;Bactericide is 50% 45~60g/ of carbendazol wettable powder ㎡;
Salt-soda soil original soil topsoil is raked carefully, then ridging, 1.5~1.8m of ridge face width, have deep 20cm wide among ridge 30cm lead;Wide 0.5~0.8m, deep 0.5~0.6m gutter are formed between ridge and ridge.
Step 4 heels in chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain
In March, selection is healthy and strong, the chaenomeles lagenaria maternal plant of no disease and pests harm, and its band soil is excavated into segmentation, is divided into every plant of 2 ~ 3 limbs, Long shoot, weak branch are trimmed, forms high 35~45cm seedling strain, anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is filled in seedling strain segmentation wound;
The anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is by ribosylzeatin:Thiamine hydrochloride:Benzodiazole:Tea leaf powder is with 0.2:4:1:15 mass ratio Mix;
By seedling strain heel in Yu Susha or element soil in, pour permeable and to keep sand moisture be 65~68%, after heeling in 20~26 days, It is colonized.
Step 5 is colonized chaenomeles lagenaria
22~27 DEG C of temperature of selection, calm or small wind period are colonized, by chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain field planting and ridge, field planting When, first dig planting pit, the deep 35~40cm in cave, be sprinkled into 400~430g of matrix per cave in cave, seedling strain root system is put down gently in cave, Matrix is pushed aside with hand, matrix is flowed into root system space, root system is buried completely;Seedling strain bury root depth be from earth's surface 25~ 30cm, treaded after field planting with original soil earthing;2 rows are colonized per ridge, line-spacing is 95~100cm;
The matrix:By charcoal, desulfurated plaster, diatomite, tartaric acid, chitin, medical stone, pollen pini, Kelp Powder according to 4:7:21:3:2:5:7:11 mass ratio mixing, is crushed to 80 mesh and is made.
Step 6 field planting post processing
After field planting, seedling strain is irrigated in time, every plant is irrigated 600~800ml of fresh water;After irrigation, with original soil Baconic, make seedling strain Base portion is buried completely.
Step 7 kind plants youth-and-old-age
After having planted chaenomeles lagenaria, sowed seeds on gutter is domatic, sow youth-and-old-age, sow 3~5cm of cave, hill spacing 10cm, per cave Sow 3 seeds;2 rows of each domatic upper plantation, line-spacing 20cm;
After planting, water spray wetting in time;After emergence, one time of nutrition liquid is sprayed within every 7 days, aspartic acid is included in the nutrient solution 1.5%th, fulvic acid 5.8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5%, ferrous sulfate 4.4%, ammonium nitrate 6.8%, water 78%;Above-mentioned percentage is matter Measure percentage.
Step 8 kind manages after planting
Chaenomeles lagenaria, youth-and-old-age irrigate a fresh water for every 15 days in season in spring and autumn, and water introduces from the lead on ridge, makes ridge face Soak not ponding;After irrigation, that washes away exposed root system uses original soil earthing once;
Every 10 days of summer irrigated a fresh water, and summer is cut short colored branch was opened, to promote the formation of branch and bud, increase The coming year blooms quantity, by it is tree-like be trimmed to it is spherical.
In annual 4~October, monthly with water top dressing 1 time, dose is 50kg/ mus, including the kg/ mus of composite fertilizer 40 With the kg/ mus of bio-fertilizer 10;The N P and K mass content of described composite fertilizer is 30%, 10%, 30%, and described bio-fertilizer is gathered by shell Sugar:Vinyl acetate:Chlorogenic acid:Manganese sulfate:Sodium molybdate:Clostruidium bacterium solution is with mass ratio 12:3:5:2.5:3:1 mixing Form, bacteria containing amount is 3,200,000,000/ml wherein in clostruidium bacterium solution, and the clostruidium preserving number is CICC23060;
Winter need not irrigate;
Next year, chaenomeles lagenaria stalwartness plant is subjected to plant division, the seedling strain separated is mended to the weak strain corroded to missing or pest and disease damage Place, ensure kind of a plantation integrity degree;Youth-and-old-age needs to reseed, to prevent erosion.
Chaenomeles lagenaria often has rust to encroach on blade, need to spray 0.5 degree of lime sulfur of Baume and 20% powder pound would rather WP Prevented and treated, continuous sprinkling 4 times, two kinds of medicines alternately spray, and are spaced sprinkling in 7 days once, spraying time terminate at the florescence after 5~60 Carried out in it.
The branches such as the branch of excessive growth, intersection branch, overlapping branch will also be cut off in time simultaneously.Rest period can carry out shaping and repair after fallen leaves Cut, repair except sick withered and aging branch, to keep tree-like to be spherical.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the present invention reach have the technical effect that:
1st, chaenomeles lagenaria plantation survival rate of the present invention is 98.3~99.3%, and the survival rate of youth-and-old-age is 94.9~96.4%;
2nd, original soil greening method of the present invention, greening ornamental value is high, and florescence length, annual flowering time is up to 7~8 months;
3rd, the young growth storage rate for introducing a fine variety rear 3rd year chaenomeles lagenaria is 97.2~98.6%;Average plant height is 122~124cm, tree crown 85~89cm of average diameter;
4th, the storage rate that grows into forest for introducing a fine variety rear 5th year chaenomeles lagenaria is 96.4~96.9%;Average plant height is 173~177cm, tree crown 122~129cm of average diameter.
Embodiment
The Introduction Flowers of embodiment 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method
Step 1 salt-soda soil selects
During 2011~2016 years, experimental field in Weifang City of Shandong Province the north heavy saline-alkali area at seashore, surface soil layer pH is 8.6, total salt content is 0.53% after measured, more than 1 meter of soil body thickness, and growth has that a small amount of alkali is fluffy, Salt And Alkali Tolerance weeds, no shrub or Person's arbor vegetation growth, long-term wind sand environment causes serious threat to plant growth, so floristics is poor, soil development It is faint.
Step 2 lays salt discharge hidden pipe
The weeds in green belt salt-soda soil are removed, bury ditch in the hidden pipe that green belt is excavated to deep 1m, it is 5m that hidden pipe, which buries spacing, secretly The embedded slope control of pipe is 0.3 ‰;There is circular inlet opening on hidden pipe, it is ensured that overall water inlet area is in 30cm2/m.In hidden pipe week Enclose the filtrates such as parcel coarse sand, Jacket thickness 5cm;
After laying salt discharge hidden pipe, 20cm salt-soda soil original soil is covered, irrigates a fresh water;After topsoil water is dry, covering is former Soil flushes ground.
Step 3 ploughs deeply ridging
Using mechanical soil deeptillage, during ploughing deeply, base manure and bactericide are spread fertilizer over the fields;Base manure is decomposed farm manure 2t/mu;Kill Microbial inoculum is 50% carbendazol wettable powder 45g/ ㎡;
Salt-soda soil original soil topsoil is raked carefully, then ridging, ridge face width 1.5m, have drawing for the wide 30cm of deep 20cm among ridge Ditch;Wide 0.5m, deep 0.5m gutter are formed between ridge and ridge.
Step 4 heels in chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain
In March, selection is healthy and strong, the chaenomeles lagenaria maternal plant of no disease and pests harm, and its band soil is excavated into segmentation, is divided into every plant of 2 limbs, repaiies Long shoot, weak branch are cut, forms high 35cm seedling strain, anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is filled in seedling strain segmentation wound;
The anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is by ribosylzeatin:Thiamine hydrochloride:Benzodiazole:Tea leaf powder is with 0.2:4:1:15 mass ratio Mix;
By seedling strain heel in Yu Susha or element soil in, pour permeable and to keep sand moisture be 65%, after heeling in 20 days, be colonized.
Step 5 is colonized chaenomeles lagenaria
22 DEG C of temperature of selection, calm or small wind period are colonized, by chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain field planting and ridge, during field planting, first Planting pit is dug, cave depth 35cm, has been sprinkled into matrix 400g per cave in cave, seedling strain root system is put down gently in cave, matrix is pushed aside with hand, makes Matrix is flowed into root system space, and root system is buried completely;It is from earth's surface 30cm that root depth is buried in seedling strain, is stepped on after field planting with original soil earthing It is real;2 rows, line-spacing 95cm are colonized per ridge;
The matrix:By charcoal, desulfurated plaster, diatomite, tartaric acid, chitin, medical stone, pollen pini, Kelp Powder according to 4:7:21:3:2:5:7:11 mass ratio mixing, is crushed to 80 mesh and is made.
Step 6 field planting post processing
After field planting, seedling strain is irrigated in time, every plant is irrigated 600~800ml of fresh water;After irrigation, with original soil Baconic, make seedling strain Base portion is buried completely.
Step 7 kind plants youth-and-old-age
After having planted chaenomeles lagenaria, sowed seeds on gutter is domatic, sow youth-and-old-age, sow cave 3cm, hill spacing 10cm, per bunch planting 3 seeds of kind;2 rows of each domatic upper plantation, line-spacing 20cm;
After planting, water spray wetting in time;After emergence, one time of nutrition liquid is sprayed within every 7 days, aspartic acid is included in the nutrient solution 1.5%th, fulvic acid 5.8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5%, ferrous sulfate 4.4%, ammonium nitrate 6.8%, water 78%;Above-mentioned percentage is matter Measure percentage.
Step 8 kind manages after planting
Chaenomeles lagenaria, youth-and-old-age irrigate a fresh water for every 15 days in season in spring and autumn, and water introduces from the lead on ridge, makes ridge face Soak not ponding;After irrigation, that washes away exposed root system uses original soil earthing once;
Every 10 days of summer irrigated a fresh water, and summer is cut short colored branch was opened, to promote the formation of branch and bud, increase The coming year blooms quantity, by it is tree-like be trimmed to it is spherical.
In annual 4~October, monthly with water top dressing 1 time, dose is 50kg/ mus, including the kg/ mus of composite fertilizer 40 With the kg/ mus of bio-fertilizer 10;The N P and K mass content of described composite fertilizer is 30%, 10%, 30%, and described bio-fertilizer is gathered by shell Sugar:Vinyl acetate:Chlorogenic acid:Manganese sulfate:Sodium molybdate:Clostruidium bacterium solution is with mass ratio 12:3:5:2.5:3:1 mixing Form, bacteria containing amount is 3,200,000,000/ml wherein in clostruidium bacterium solution, and the clostruidium preserving number is CICC23060;
Winter need not irrigate;
Next year, chaenomeles lagenaria stalwartness plant is subjected to plant division, the seedling strain separated is mended to the weak strain corroded to missing or pest and disease damage Place, ensure kind of a plantation integrity degree;Youth-and-old-age needs to reseed, to prevent erosion.
Chaenomeles lagenaria often has rust to encroach on blade, need to spray 0.5 degree of lime sulfur of Baume and 20% powder pound would rather WP Prevented and treated, continuous sprinkling 4 times, two kinds of medicines alternately spray, and are spaced sprinkling in 7 days once, spraying time terminate at the florescence after 5~60 Carried out in it.
The branches such as the branch of excessive growth, intersection branch, overlapping branch will also be cut off in time simultaneously.Rest period can carry out shaping and repair after fallen leaves Cut, repair except sick withered and aging branch, to keep tree-like to be spherical.
Through experiment, the chaenomeles lagenaria plantation survival rate of this law embodiment is 98.2%, and the survival rate of youth-and-old-age is 95.6%;Entirely Year, flowering time was up to 7 months;
The young growth storage rate for introducing a fine variety rear 3rd year chaenomeles lagenaria is 97.5%;Average plant height is 123cm, corwn mean diameter 88cm;
The storage rate that grows into forest for introducing a fine variety rear 5th year chaenomeles lagenaria is 96.4%;Average plant height is 174cm, corwn mean diameter 128cm.
The Introduction Flowers of embodiment 2 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method
Step 1 salt-soda soil selects
Experimental field in Weifang City of Shandong Province the north heavy saline-alkali area at seashore, surface soil layer pH is 8.5, and total salt content is after measured 0.54%, more than 1 meter of soil body thickness, growth has that a small amount of alkali is fluffy, Salt And Alkali Tolerance weeds, no shrub or arbor vegetation growth, long-term wind Husky environment causes serious threat to plant growth, so floristics is poor, soil development is faint.
Step 2 lays salt discharge hidden pipe
The weeds in green belt salt-soda soil are removed, bury ditch in the hidden pipe that green belt is excavated to deep 1.1m, hidden pipe buries spacing and is 5.5m, hidden pipe bury slope control 0.32 ‰;There is circular inlet opening on hidden pipe, it is ensured that overall water inlet area is in 32 cm2/ m.The filtrates such as coarse sand, Jacket thickness 7cm are wrapped up around hidden pipe;
After laying salt discharge hidden pipe, 20cm salt-soda soil original soil is covered, irrigates a fresh water;After topsoil water is dry, covering is former Soil flushes ground.
Step 3 ploughs deeply ridging
Using mechanical soil deeptillage, during ploughing deeply, base manure and bactericide are spread fertilizer over the fields;Base manure is decomposed farm manure 2.3t/mu; Bactericide is 50% carbendazol wettable powder 54g/ ㎡;
Salt-soda soil original soil topsoil is raked carefully, then ridging, ridge face width 1.6m, have drawing for the wide 30cm of deep 20cm among ridge Ditch;Wide 0.6m, deep 0.5m gutter are formed between ridge and ridge.
Step 4 heels in chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain
In March, selection is healthy and strong, the chaenomeles lagenaria maternal plant of no disease and pests harm, and its band soil is excavated into segmentation, is divided into every plant of 3 limbs, repaiies Long shoot, weak branch are cut, forms high 40cm seedling strain, anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is filled in seedling strain segmentation wound;
The anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is by ribosylzeatin:Thiamine hydrochloride:Benzodiazole:Tea leaf powder is with 0.2:4:1:15 mass ratio Mix;
By seedling strain heel in Yu Susha or element soil in, pour permeable and to keep sand moisture be 67%, after heeling in 24 days, be colonized.
Step 5 is colonized chaenomeles lagenaria
23~24 DEG C of temperature of selection, calm or small wind period are colonized, by chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain field planting and ridge, field planting When, first dig planting pit, cave depth 37cm, be sprinkled into matrix 420g per cave in cave, seedling strain root system is put down gently in cave, base is pushed aside with hand Matter, matrix is flowed into root system space, root system is buried completely;It is from earth's surface 27cm that root depth is buried in seedling strain, and original soil is used after field planting Earthing is treaded;2 rows, line-spacing 97cm are colonized per ridge;
The matrix:By charcoal, desulfurated plaster, diatomite, tartaric acid, chitin, medical stone, pollen pini, Kelp Powder according to 4:7:21:3:2:5:7:11 mass ratio mixing, is crushed to 80 mesh and is made.
Step 6 field planting post processing
After field planting, seedling strain is irrigated in time, every plant is irrigated fresh water 700ml;After irrigation, with original soil Baconic, make seedling strain base portion Bury completely.
Step 7 kind plants youth-and-old-age
After having planted chaenomeles lagenaria, sowed seeds on gutter is domatic, sow youth-and-old-age, sow cave 4cm, hill spacing 10cm, per bunch planting 3 seeds of kind;2 rows of each domatic upper plantation, line-spacing 20cm;
After planting, water spray wetting in time;After emergence, one time of nutrition liquid is sprayed within every 7 days, aspartic acid is included in the nutrient solution 1.5%th, fulvic acid 5.8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5%, ferrous sulfate 4.4%, ammonium nitrate 6.8%, water 78%;Above-mentioned percentage is matter Measure percentage.
Step 8 kind manages after planting
Chaenomeles lagenaria, youth-and-old-age irrigate a fresh water for every 15 days in season in spring and autumn, and water introduces from the lead on ridge, makes ridge face Soak not ponding;After irrigation, that washes away exposed root system uses original soil earthing once;
Every 10 days of summer irrigated a fresh water, and summer is cut short colored branch was opened, to promote the formation of branch and bud, increase The coming year blooms quantity, by it is tree-like be trimmed to it is spherical.
In annual 4~October, monthly with water top dressing 1 time, dose is 50kg/ mus, including the kg/ mus of composite fertilizer 40 With the kg/ mus of bio-fertilizer 10;The N P and K mass content of described composite fertilizer is 30%, 10%, 30%, and described bio-fertilizer is gathered by shell Sugar:Vinyl acetate:Chlorogenic acid:Manganese sulfate:Sodium molybdate:Clostruidium bacterium solution is with mass ratio 12:3:5:2.5:3:1 mixing Form, bacteria containing amount is 3,200,000,000/ml wherein in clostruidium bacterium solution, and the clostruidium preserving number is CICC23060;
Winter need not irrigate;
Next year, chaenomeles lagenaria stalwartness plant is subjected to plant division, the seedling strain separated is mended to the weak strain corroded to missing or pest and disease damage Place, ensure kind of a plantation integrity degree;Youth-and-old-age needs to reseed, to prevent erosion.
Chaenomeles lagenaria often has rust to encroach on blade, need to spray 0.5 degree of lime sulfur of Baume and 20% powder pound would rather WP Prevented and treated, continuous sprinkling 4 times, two kinds of medicines alternately spray, and are spaced sprinkling in 7 days once, spraying time terminate at the florescence after 5~60 Carried out in it.
The branches such as the branch of excessive growth, intersection branch, overlapping branch will also be cut off in time simultaneously.Rest period can carry out shaping and repair after fallen leaves Cut, repair except sick withered and aging branch, to keep tree-like to be spherical.
Through experiment, the chaenomeles lagenaria plantation survival rate of this law embodiment is 99.3%, and the survival rate of youth-and-old-age is 96.4%;Entirely Year, flowering time was up to 8 months;
The young growth storage rate for introducing a fine variety rear 3rd year chaenomeles lagenaria is 98.6%;Average plant height is 124cm, corwn mean diameter 89cm;
The storage rate that grows into forest for introducing a fine variety rear 5th year chaenomeles lagenaria is 96.9%;Average plant height is 177cm, corwn mean diameter 129cm.
The Introduction Flowers of embodiment 3 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method
Step 1 salt-soda soil selects
Experimental field in Weifang City of Shandong Province the north heavy saline-alkali area at seashore, surface soil layer pH is 8.6, and total salt content is after measured 0.55%, more than 1 meter of soil body thickness, growth has that a small amount of alkali is fluffy, Salt And Alkali Tolerance weeds, no shrub or arbor vegetation growth, long-term wind Husky environment causes serious threat to plant growth, so floristics is poor, soil development is faint.
Step 2 lays salt discharge hidden pipe
The weeds in green belt salt-soda soil to be removed, ditch is buried in the hidden pipe that green belt is excavated to deep 1.2m, it is 6m that hidden pipe, which buries spacing, Hidden pipe buries slope control 0.35 ‰;There is circular inlet opening on hidden pipe, it is ensured that overall water inlet area is in 33 cm2/m.Dark The filtrates such as coarse sand, Jacket thickness 8cm are wrapped up around pipe;
After laying salt discharge hidden pipe, 20cm salt-soda soil original soil is covered, irrigates a fresh water;After topsoil water is dry, covering is former Soil flushes ground.
Step 3 ploughs deeply ridging
Using mechanical soil deeptillage, during ploughing deeply, base manure and bactericide are spread fertilizer over the fields;Base manure is decomposed farm manure 2.5t/mu; Bactericide is 50% carbendazol wettable powder 60g/ ㎡;
Salt-soda soil original soil topsoil is raked carefully, then ridging, ridge face width 1.8m, have drawing for the wide 30cm of deep 20cm among ridge Ditch;Wide 0.8m, deep 0.6m gutter are formed between ridge and ridge.
Step 4 heels in chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain
In March, selection is healthy and strong, the chaenomeles lagenaria maternal plant of no disease and pests harm, and its band soil is excavated into segmentation, is divided into every plant of 2 limbs, repaiies Long shoot, weak branch are cut, forms high 45cm seedling strain, anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is filled in seedling strain segmentation wound;
The anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is by ribosylzeatin:Thiamine hydrochloride:Benzodiazole:Tea leaf powder is with 0.2:4:1:15 mass ratio Mix;
By seedling strain heel in Yu Susha or element soil in, pour permeable and to keep sand moisture be 68%, after heeling in 26 days, be colonized.
Step 5 is colonized chaenomeles lagenaria
25~27 DEG C of temperature of selection, calm or small wind period are colonized, by chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain field planting and ridge, field planting When, first dig planting pit, cave depth 40cm, be sprinkled into matrix 430g per cave in cave, seedling strain root system is put down gently in cave, base is pushed aside with hand Matter, matrix is flowed into root system space, root system is buried completely;It is from earth's surface 30cm that root depth is buried in seedling strain, and original soil is used after field planting Earthing is treaded;2 rows, line-spacing 100cm are colonized per ridge;
The matrix:By charcoal, desulfurated plaster, diatomite, tartaric acid, chitin, medical stone, pollen pini, Kelp Powder according to 4:7:21:3:2:5:7:11 mass ratio mixing, is crushed to 80 mesh and is made.
Step 6 field planting post processing
After field planting, seedling strain is irrigated in time, every plant is irrigated fresh water 800ml;After irrigation, with original soil Baconic, make seedling strain base portion Bury completely.
Step 7 kind plants youth-and-old-age
After having planted chaenomeles lagenaria, sowed seeds on gutter is domatic, sow youth-and-old-age, sow cave 5cm, hill spacing 10cm, per bunch planting 3 seeds of kind;2 rows of each domatic upper plantation, line-spacing 20cm;
After planting, water spray wetting in time;After emergence, one time of nutrition liquid is sprayed within every 7 days, aspartic acid is included in the nutrient solution 1.5%th, fulvic acid 5.8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5%, ferrous sulfate 4.4%, ammonium nitrate 6.8%, water 78%;Above-mentioned percentage is matter Measure percentage.
Step 8 kind manages after planting
Chaenomeles lagenaria, youth-and-old-age irrigate a fresh water for every 15 days in season in spring and autumn, and water introduces from the lead on ridge, makes ridge face Soak not ponding;After irrigation, that washes away exposed root system uses original soil earthing once;
Every 10 days of summer irrigated a fresh water, and summer is cut short colored branch was opened, to promote the formation of branch and bud, increase The coming year blooms quantity, by it is tree-like be trimmed to it is spherical.
In annual 4~October, monthly with water top dressing 1 time, dose is 50kg/ mus, including the kg/ mus of composite fertilizer 40 With the kg/ mus of bio-fertilizer 10;The N P and K mass content of described composite fertilizer is 30%, 10%, 30%, and described bio-fertilizer is gathered by shell Sugar:Vinyl acetate:Chlorogenic acid:Manganese sulfate:Sodium molybdate:Clostruidium bacterium solution is with mass ratio 12:3:5:2.5:3:1 mixing Form, bacteria containing amount is 3,200,000,000/ml wherein in clostruidium bacterium solution, and the clostruidium preserving number is CICC23060;
Winter need not irrigate;
Next year, chaenomeles lagenaria stalwartness plant is subjected to plant division, the seedling strain separated is mended to the weak strain corroded to missing or pest and disease damage Place, ensure kind of a plantation integrity degree;Youth-and-old-age needs to reseed, to prevent erosion.
Chaenomeles lagenaria often has rust to encroach on blade, need to spray 0.5 degree of lime sulfur of Baume and 20% powder pound would rather WP Prevented and treated, continuous sprinkling 4 times, two kinds of medicines alternately spray, and are spaced sprinkling in 7 days once, spraying time terminate at the florescence after 5~60 Carried out in it.
The branches such as the branch of excessive growth, intersection branch, overlapping branch will also be cut off in time simultaneously.Rest period can carry out shaping and repair after fallen leaves Cut, repair except sick withered and aging branch, to keep tree-like to be spherical.
Through experiment, the chaenomeles lagenaria plantation survival rate of this law embodiment is 98.3%, and the survival rate of youth-and-old-age is 94.9%;Entirely Year, flowering time was up to 7.5 months;
The young growth storage rate for introducing a fine variety rear 3rd year chaenomeles lagenaria is 97.2%;Average plant height is 122cm, corwn mean diameter 85cm;
The storage rate that grows into forest for introducing a fine variety rear 5th year chaenomeles lagenaria is 96.4%;Average plant height is 173cm, corwn mean diameter 122cm.
Ratio of the present invention, it is mass ratio unless specifically indicated with unit commonly used in the art, the percentage, It is mass percent.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, it still may be used To be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic. Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (10)

1. Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:Described method includes laying salt discharge Hidden pipe step;
Described laying salt discharge hidden pipe:There is circular inlet opening on hidden pipe, it is ensured that overall water inlet area is in 30~33 cm2/m;Paving If when in the hidden pipe that green belt is being excavated to deep 1~1.2m bury ditch, it is 5~6m that hidden pipe, which buries spacing, and hidden pipe buries slope control 0.3~0.35 ‰;
Filtrate is wrapped up around hidden pipe, Jacket thickness is 5~8cm;
After laying salt discharge hidden pipe, 20cm salt-soda soil original soil is covered.
2. Introduction Flowers according to claim 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:It is described Method also include heel in chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain;
Described heels in chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain:
In March, selection is healthy and strong, the chaenomeles lagenaria maternal plant of no disease and pests harm, and its band soil is excavated into segmentation, is divided into every plant of 2 ~ 3 limbs, Long shoot, weak branch are trimmed, forms high 35~45cm seedling strain, anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is filled in seedling strain segmentation wound;Seedling strain is false Plant in plain husky or in element soil, pour permeable and to keep sand moisture be 65~68%, after heeling in 20~26 days, be colonized.
3. Introduction Flowers according to claim 2 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:
The anti-corrosion root-inducing powder is by ribosylzeatin:Thiamine hydrochloride:Benzodiazole:Tea leaf powder is with 0.2:4:1:15 mass ratio Mix.
4. Introduction Flowers according to claim 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:It is described Method also include plough deeply ridging;
Described ploughs deeply ridging:
Using mechanical soil deeptillage, during ploughing deeply, base manure and bactericide are spread fertilizer over the fields;Base manure be decomposed 2~2.5t of farm manure/ Mu;Bactericide is 50% 45~60g/ of carbendazol wettable powder ㎡;
Salt-soda soil original soil topsoil is raked carefully, then ridging, 1.5~1.8m of ridge face width, have deep 20cm wide among ridge 30cm lead;Wide 0.5~0.8m, deep 0.5~0.6m gutter are formed between ridge and ridge.
5. Introduction Flowers according to claim 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:It is described Method also include field planting chaenomeles lagenaria;
Described field planting chaenomeles lagenaria:
22~27 DEG C of temperature of selection, calm or small wind period are colonized, by chaenomeles lagenaria seedling strain field planting and ridge, field planting When, first dig planting pit, the deep 35~40cm in cave, be sprinkled into 400~430g of matrix per cave in cave, seedling strain root system is put down gently in cave, Matrix is pushed aside with hand, matrix is flowed into root system space, root system is buried completely;Seedling strain bury root depth be from earth's surface 25~ 30cm, treaded after field planting with original soil earthing;2 rows are colonized per ridge, line-spacing is 95~100cm.
6. Introduction Flowers according to claim 5 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:
The matrix:By charcoal, desulfurated plaster, diatomite, tartaric acid, chitin, medical stone, pollen pini, Kelp Powder according to 4:7:21:3:2:5:7:11 mass ratio mixing, is crushed to 80 mesh and is made.
7. Introduction Flowers according to claim 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:It is described Method also include field planting post processing;
Described field planting post processing:
After field planting, seedling strain is irrigated in time, every plant is irrigated 600~800ml of fresh water;After irrigation, with original soil Baconic, make seedling strain Base portion is buried completely.
8. Introduction Flowers according to claim 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:It is described Method also include plantation youth-and-old-age;
Described plantation youth-and-old-age:
Sowed seeds on gutter is domatic, sow youth-and-old-age, sow 3~5cm of cave, hill spacing 10cm, per bunch planting 3 seeds of kind;Each 2 rows of domatic upper plantation, line-spacing 20cm;
After planting, water spray wetting in time;After emergence, one time of nutrition liquid is sprayed within every 7 days.
9. Introduction Flowers according to claim 8 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:
Aspartic acid 1.5%, fulvic acid 5.8%, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5%, ferrous sulfate 4.4%, nitric acid are included in the nutrient solution Ammonium 6.8%, water 78%;Above-mentioned percentage is mass percent.
10. Introduction Flowers according to claim 1 carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method, it is characterised in that:Institute The method stated manages after also including plantation;
Managed after described plantation:
Chaenomeles lagenaria, youth-and-old-age irrigate a fresh water for every 15 days in season in spring and autumn, and water introduces from the lead on ridge, makes ridge face Soak not ponding;
Every 10 days of summer irrigated a fresh water, and chaenomeles lagenaria was opened colored branch and cut short by summer, by it is tree-like be trimmed to it is spherical;
In annual 4~October, monthly with water top dressing 1 time, dose is 50kg/ mus, including the kg/ mus of composite fertilizer 40 and life Thing 10 kg/ mus of fertilizer;
The N P and K mass content of described composite fertilizer is 30%, 10%, 30%, and described bio-fertilizer is by chitosan:Vinyl acetate Ester:Chlorogenic acid:Manganese sulfate:Sodium molybdate:Clostruidium bacterium solution is with mass ratio 12:3:5:2.5:3:1 mixes.
CN201710652937.0A 2017-08-02 2017-08-02 Introduction Flowers carry out heavy saline-alkali area at seashore original soil greening method Pending CN107371439A (en)

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