CN107364546A - A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel - Google Patents

A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107364546A
CN107364546A CN201710399464.8A CN201710399464A CN107364546A CN 107364546 A CN107364546 A CN 107364546A CN 201710399464 A CN201710399464 A CN 201710399464A CN 107364546 A CN107364546 A CN 107364546A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
capsizing moment
moment spindle
clutch
drumhead
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710399464.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107364546B (en
Inventor
陈勇
单银华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Lide Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Lide Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Lide Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Lide Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710399464.8A priority Critical patent/CN107364546B/en
Publication of CN107364546A publication Critical patent/CN107364546A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107364546B publication Critical patent/CN107364546B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B21/00Tying-up; Shifting, towing, or pushing equipment; Anchoring
    • B63B21/16Tying-up; Shifting, towing, or pushing equipment; Anchoring using winches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B21/00Tying-up; Shifting, towing, or pushing equipment; Anchoring
    • B63B21/22Handling or lashing of anchors

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of windlass peculiar to vessel,Including frame,Drumhead and motor,The frame is provided with drumhead,One end of the drumhead is provided with capstan winch head end cover,The other end of the drumhead is provided with mounting hole,Cable holder is rotatably connected in the mounting hole,The clutch end of the cable holder connection motor,The center of the cable holder, which is run through, is provided with capsizing moment spindle,The capsizing moment spindle is provided with arrangement of clutch close to a side end face of motor clutch end,Side outer wall of the capsizing moment spindle away from motor clutch end is provided with auxiliary brake,The clutch end of capsizing moment spindle and motor can be attached or be separated by arrangement of clutch,Friction eceleration can be carried out to capsizing moment spindle by brake gear,The present invention carries out the operation of slowing-down brake by two ways to windlass,The reduced time can not only be shortened,And the frictional force that brake block is born can be reduced,Extend the service life of brake block.

Description

A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel
Technical field
The present invention relates to ship ancillary technique field, specific field is a kind of windlass peculiar to vessel.
Background technology
Windlass is for retractable anchor and anchor chain, is typically mounted on ship head stern main decks, unmoored for ship, Cast anchor heaving pile when use.Windlass has horizontal and vertical two kinds, horizontal windlass is typically used on merchant ship, and capsizing moment windlass is also referred to as Anchor capstan winch, its power section are set below decks, and to save floor space, capsizing moment windlass is used on warship more.Recent is big Because windlass is oversized, bow deck is difficult to accommodate type ship, and unfavorable to operating, therefore also has using capsizing moment windlass.
In the prior art, windlass is mostly to be driven by motor by worm-gear speed reducer or cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer Sprocket wheel and capstan winch body, the clutch of critical piece typically use the clutch of traditional castellated coupling radial direction tongue formula structure. In addition, ratchet and brake gear generally can be also set, in general brake modes tighten up the form of brake ribbon using handwheel, But the commonly required braking time wanted of this brake modes is longer, effect is not ideal enough.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of windlass peculiar to vessel, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel, including frame, drumhead And motor, the frame are provided with drumhead, one end of the drumhead is provided with capstan winch head end cover, the drumhead it is another One end is provided with mounting hole, and cable holder, the power output of the cable holder connection motor are rotatably connected in the mounting hole End, the center of the cable holder is through capsizing moment spindle is provided with, and the capsizing moment spindle is close to a side end face of motor clutch end Provided with arrangement of clutch, side outer wall of the capsizing moment spindle away from motor clutch end is provided with auxiliary brake;
The arrangement of clutch includes connected ball, and one end of the connected ball is slidably connected the clutch end of motor, described The other end of connected ball is slidably connected capsizing moment spindle, the clutch end and capsizing moment spindle of the motor and connecing for connection pearl The end face of contravention is equipped with spring, and the outer wall of the connected ball is provided with the part of stop collar, the stop collar and connected ball contact For arc, the lateral wall of the stop collar is provided with action bars, and the madial wall of the frame is provided with and what action bars was used cooperatively determines Position device;
The auxiliary brake includes brake block, and one end of the brake block is close to the outer face of capsizing moment spindle, the brake block The other end piston is connected with through cylinder by connecting rod, the outer wall of the cylinder is provided with air admission hole and venthole, the air inlet Solenoid electric valve is equipped with hole and venthole.
Preferably, the outside of the arrangement of clutch is provided with containment vessel, and the outer surface of the containment vessel is all covered with anticorrosion Coating.
Preferably, the position that the capsizing moment spindle connects with connected ball is provided with sheet rubber.
Preferably, the junction of the connecting rod and cylinder is provided with sealing ring, and the outer wall of connecting rod is cased with retarding spring.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel, it will can be twisted by arrangement of clutch The clutch end of dish axle and motor is attached or separated, from fundamentally being slowed down for power output, normal connection During state, the power output between capsizing moment spindle of motor, stop collar are fixed on by pearl is connected using the elastic force of spring Prevent that connect pearl drops from junction, when carrying out separating pre- deceleration regime, action bars is moved in positioner, so as to drive Stop collar and connection pearl movement, the clutch end and capsizing moment spindle for making motor are separated, and the power for completely cutting off capsizing moment spindle carries For that can carry out friction eceleration to capsizing moment spindle by brake gear, so as to shorten braking time, retardation efficiency be improved, by entering Gas port, which enters gas, makes the brake block and capstan winch shaft contacts that piston driving connecting rod one end is provided with, by brake block and capsizing moment spindle it Between it is caused friction slowed down, auxiliary brake startup before, arrangement of clutch carry out pre- deceleration can reduce brake block Abrasion, extend the service life of brake block, the present invention carries out the operation of slowing-down brake by two ways to windlass, not only The reduced time can be shortened, and the frictional force that brake block is born can be reduced, extend the service life of brake block.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A portions enlarged drawing in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B portions enlarged drawing in Fig. 1.
In figure:1- frames, 2- drumheads, 3- motors, 4- capstan winches head end cover, 5- cable holders, 6- capsizing moment spindles, 7- clutches Device, 71- connected balls, 72- springs, 73- stop collars, 74- action bars, 8- auxiliary brakes, 81- brake blocks, 82- connecting rods, 83- cylinders, 84- pistons, 9- containment vessels.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of a kind of windlass peculiar to vessel of technical scheme, including frame 1, drumhead 2 and drive Dynamic motor 3, the frame are provided with drumhead, and one end of the drumhead is provided with capstan winch head end cover 4, the drumhead it is another End is provided with mounting hole, and cable holder 5, the power output of the cable holder connection motor are rotatably connected in the mounting hole End, the center of the cable holder is through capsizing moment spindle 6 is provided with, and the capsizing moment spindle is close to a side end face of motor clutch end Provided with arrangement of clutch 7, the clutch end of capsizing moment spindle and motor can be attached or be separated by arrangement of clutch, from Power output is fundamentally slowed down, and side outer wall of the capsizing moment spindle away from motor clutch end is provided with auxiliary and stopped Car device 8, friction eceleration can be carried out to capsizing moment spindle by brake gear, so as to shorten braking time, improve retardation efficiency;
Referring to Fig. 2, the arrangement of clutch includes connected ball 71, one end of the connected ball is slidably connected the power of motor Output end, the other end of the connected ball are slidably connected capsizing moment spindle, the clutch end and capsizing moment spindle of the motor Be equipped with spring 72 with the end face of the contact jaw of connection pearl, the outer wall of the connected ball is provided with stop collar 73, the stop collar with The part of connected ball contact be arc, and the lateral wall of the stop collar is provided with action bars 74, the madial wall of the frame provided with The positioner that action bars 74 is used cooperatively, during normal connection status, driving is fixed on by pearl is connected using the elastic force of spring Motor it is power output between capsizing moment spindle, stop collar prevent connect pearl dropped from junction, carry out separating pre- deceleration regime When, action bars is moved in positioner, so as to drive stop collar and connection pearl movement, makes the clutch end of motor Separated with capsizing moment spindle, the power for completely cutting off capsizing moment spindle provides;
Referring to Fig. 3, the auxiliary brake includes brake block 81, one end of the brake block is close to the outer end of capsizing moment spindle Face, the other end of the brake block are connected with piston 84 by connecting rod 82 through cylinder 83, and the outer wall of the cylinder is provided with air inlet Hole and venthole, solenoid electric valve is equipped with the air admission hole and venthole, entering gas by air inlet makes piston driving The brake block and capstan winch shaft contacts that connecting rod one end is provided with, slowed down by caused friction between brake block and capsizing moment spindle, Before auxiliary brake startup, the pre- deceleration that arrangement of clutch is carried out can reduce the abrasion of brake block, extend making for brake block Use the life-span.
Specifically, the outside of the arrangement of clutch is provided with containment vessel 9, and the outer surface of the containment vessel is all covered with anti-corrosion Erosion resisting coating.
Specifically, the position that the capsizing moment spindle connects with connected ball is provided with sheet rubber.
Specifically, the junction of the connecting rod and cylinder is provided with sealing ring, and the outer wall of connecting rod is cased with retarding spring.
Operation principle:The clutch end of capsizing moment spindle and motor can be attached by the present invention by arrangement of clutch Or separation, from fundamentally being slowed down for power output, during normal connection status, fixed using the elastic force of spring by pearl is connected In the power output between capsizing moment spindle of motor, stop collar prevents that connect pearl drops from junction, carries out separating pre- subtract During fast state, action bars is moved in positioner, so as to drive stop collar and connection pearl movement, makes the power of motor Output end and capsizing moment spindle are separated, and the power for completely cutting off capsizing moment spindle is provided, and capsizing moment spindle can be rubbed by brake gear Slow down, so as to shorten braking time, improve retardation efficiency, entering gas by air inlet makes what piston driving connecting rod one end was provided with Brake block and capstan winch shaft contacts, slowed down by caused friction between brake block and capsizing moment spindle, in auxiliary brake Before startup, the pre- deceleration that arrangement of clutch is carried out can reduce the abrasion of brake block, extend the service life of brake block.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of windlass peculiar to vessel, including frame(1), drumhead(2)And motor(3), it is characterised in that:The frame (1)It is provided with drumhead(2), the drumhead(2)One end be provided with capstan winch head end cover(4), the drumhead(2)The other end Provided with mounting hole, cable holder is rotatably connected in the mounting hole(5), the cable holder(5)Connect motor(3)Power Output end, the cable holder(5)Center through being provided with capsizing moment spindle(6), the capsizing moment spindle(6)Close to motor(3)Power One side end face of output end is provided with arrangement of clutch(7), the capsizing moment spindle(6)Away from motor(3)The side of clutch end Outer wall is provided with auxiliary brake(8);
The arrangement of clutch(7)Including connected ball(71), the connected ball(71)One end be slidably connected motor(3)It is dynamic Power output end, the connected ball(71)The other end be slidably connected capsizing moment spindle(6), the motor(3)Power output End and capsizing moment spindle(6)With connection pearl(71)The end face of contact jaw be equipped with spring(72), the connected ball(71)Outer wall Provided with stop collar(73), the stop collar(73)And connected ball(71)The part of contact is arc, the stop collar(73)It is outer Side wall is provided with action bars(74), the frame(1)Madial wall be provided with and action bars(74)The positioner being used cooperatively;
The auxiliary brake(8)Including brake block(81), the brake block(81)One end close to capsizing moment spindle(6)Outer end Face, the brake block(81)The other end pass through connecting rod(82)Through cylinder(83)It is connected with piston(84), the cylinder(83) Outer wall be provided with air admission hole and venthole, be equipped with solenoid electric valve in the air admission hole and venthole.
A kind of 2. windlass peculiar to vessel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The arrangement of clutch(7)Outside be provided with Containment vessel(9), the containment vessel(9)Outer surface be all covered with erosion shield.
A kind of 3. windlass peculiar to vessel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The capsizing moment spindle(6)And connected ball(71) The position of connection is provided with sheet rubber.
A kind of 4. windlass peculiar to vessel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The connecting rod(82)And cylinder(83)Company Meet place and be provided with sealing ring, and connecting rod(82)Outer wall be cased with retarding spring.
CN201710399464.8A 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel Active CN107364546B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710399464.8A CN107364546B (en) 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710399464.8A CN107364546B (en) 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of windlass peculiar to vessel

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CN107364546A true CN107364546A (en) 2017-11-21
CN107364546B CN107364546B (en) 2019-05-21

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU200676U1 (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-11-05 Андрей Анатольевич Казановский ANCHOR WINCH

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2431203Y (en) * 2000-06-02 2001-05-23 俞晓光 Ultra-light electric anchor capstan
CN103231777A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 应城市清风船用机械有限公司 Anchor weighing capstan
CN103231776A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 应城市清风船用机械有限公司 Ultra-light cable lifter
CN103612721A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-05 无锡市海联舰船附件有限公司 Anchor windlass
EP2765111A2 (en) * 2013-02-06 2014-08-13 Gi Suk Nam Marine vessel winch equipped with hermetically sealed clutch
CN105329408A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-17 无锡德林船舶设备有限公司 Marine anchor
CN205472398U (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-17 孝感大鹏船用机械股份有限公司 Light -duty anchor capstan for ship

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2431203Y (en) * 2000-06-02 2001-05-23 俞晓光 Ultra-light electric anchor capstan
EP2765111A2 (en) * 2013-02-06 2014-08-13 Gi Suk Nam Marine vessel winch equipped with hermetically sealed clutch
CN103231777A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 应城市清风船用机械有限公司 Anchor weighing capstan
CN103231776A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-08-07 应城市清风船用机械有限公司 Ultra-light cable lifter
CN103612721A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-03-05 无锡市海联舰船附件有限公司 Anchor windlass
CN105329408A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-02-17 无锡德林船舶设备有限公司 Marine anchor
CN205472398U (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-17 孝感大鹏船用机械股份有限公司 Light -duty anchor capstan for ship

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU200676U1 (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-11-05 Андрей Анатольевич Казановский ANCHOR WINCH

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