CN107358424A  A kind of method of commerce and device based on digital cash  Google Patents
A kind of method of commerce and device based on digital cash Download PDFInfo
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 CN107358424A CN107358424A CN201710494860.9A CN201710494860A CN107358424A CN 107358424 A CN107358424 A CN 107358424A CN 201710494860 A CN201710494860 A CN 201710494860A CN 107358424 A CN107358424 A CN 107358424A
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 currency
 money
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Classifications

 G—PHYSICS
 G06—COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
 G06Q—DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
 G06Q20/00—Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
 G06Q20/08—Payment architectures
 G06Q20/10—Payment architectures specially adapted for electronic funds transfer [EFT] systems; specially adapted for home banking systems
 G06Q20/102—Bill distribution or payments

 G—PHYSICS
 G06—COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
 G06Q—DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
 G06Q20/00—Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
 G06Q20/08—Payment architectures
 G06Q20/16—Payments settled via telecommunication systems

 G—PHYSICS
 G06—COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
 G06Q—DATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
 G06Q20/00—Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
 G06Q20/38—Payment protocols; Details thereof
 G06Q20/382—Payment protocols; Details thereof insuring higher security of transaction
 G06Q20/3823—Payment protocols; Details thereof insuring higher security of transaction combining multiple encryption tools for a transaction
Abstract
The invention discloses a kind of method of commerce and device based on digital cash, it is related to field of computer technology.One embodiment of this method includes：During being merchandised based on the bank settlement of distributed account book technology, gathering end and payment end the plaintext amount of money being related in transaction are encrypted to obtain the ciphertext amount of money, and generate corresponding checking message, the ciphertext amount of money is verified or decrypted.The embodiment solves in existing distributed account book technology that fund is difficult to the technical problem to maintain secrecy, has reached and has ensured that cooperation is shared and the technique effect of protection transaction privacy.
Description
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of computer technology, more particularly to a kind of method of commerce and device based on digital cash.
Background technology
Block chain is a kind of new distributed computing technology, is formulated by agreement maker before system operation and announces rule
Then, and the client for following the agreement is developed, is connected with each other as node by more focal pointes afterwards and runs the visitor
Family end, the data of agreement are not met as caused by malicious node to be abandoned by other honest nodes, be total to using this antagonism
The method of knowledge safeguards a total account book jointly, and the right authority or individual for reaching neither one centralization can distort initiation protocol
Imagination.
The application scenarios of first block chain are bit coin, realize a kind of distribution of regulation in advance rule and logic of transferring accounts
Currency system, the source of note issuance are that accounting nodes go out block reward Coinbase, and Money transfer logic is referred to as not spending
Transaction output (Unspent Transaction Output：UTXO) model.Assuming that user A has currency at presentThe source of these currency both is from going out block reward, and user A is intended to user B and transfers accounts 7
Member, then user A collect the currency in oneself hand, find the combination more than or equal to 7, initiate one using A1 and A2 to input
(input), with small change currencyWith newborn currencyTo export the transaction of (output), i.e.,This equilibrium relationships needs to be verified first by accounting nodes, by simultaneously
After writing block chain, A1 and A2 are just changed into having spent currency, A4 and B1 reformed into it is new do not spend currency, after being used as
The input of UTXO structures.
Transfer accounts, whether have because accounting nodes need to verify whether each transaction has negative value currency, excess whether occurs
All users are not spent monetary information deposit in plain text by money creation etc., the block catenary system selection using bit coin as representative
Storage, and monetary information newlygenerated in transaction is also required to state in plain text, and node could be inputted and exported to all UTXO
The checking of suitable relation.
However, during the present invention is realized, inventor has found that at least there are the following problems in the prior art：Reality is raw
In work, pointtopoint dealing money typically has privacy requirements, overall balance of the user in system between user (enterprise or individual)
There are privacy requirements.For traditional centralization scheme due to being kept accounts without cooperation, also can conveniently sets up data access authority, can
To solve the problems, such as privacy well, but user is also desirable to deposit by the advantage of block chain distributed technological cooperation book keeping operation
Other documents and data of multiparty cooperative are stored up, but complete service closed_loop needs fund to participate in realtime settle accounts calculation again, so as to lead
The problem of causing cooperation shared can not coexist with transaction privacy.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of method of commerce and device based on digital cash, can based on
The encryption of dealing money is realized in the process of exchange of digital cash, to protect the privacy rights and interests of user.
To achieve the above object, a kind of one side according to embodiments of the present invention, there is provided friendship based on digital cash
Easy method, including：
Gathering end the plaintext dealing money received is encrypted to obtain ciphertext dealing money, and generates for verifying
Gathering request is asked and broadcasted in first checking information of the ciphertext dealing money, then generation gathering；The gathering please
Asking includes the ciphertext dealing money and first checking information；
Node confirms that the ciphertext dealing money accords with after the gathering request is received, according to first checking information
Normally, block chain then is arrived into the gathering request storage, and according to the gathering request renewal currency table；
Payment end is after the block chain gets the gathering request, according to first checking information to the ciphertext
Dealing money is decrypted to obtain the plaintext dealing money, and according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table
The plaintext small change amount of money is calculated, then the plaintext small change amount of money is encrypted to obtain the ciphertext small change amount of money, then generates and is used for
Verify the second checking information of the ciphertext small change amount of money, and generation transfer data structure, then generate payment request and
Broadcast the payment request；The payment request includes the ciphertext small change amount of money, second checking information and described transferred accounts
Data structure；
Node confirms that the ciphertext dealing money accords with after the payment request is received, according to second checking information
Normally, and the currency table according to the transfer data structural confirmation meets rule, then deposits the payment request
Store up the block chain, and the currency table according to the transfer data topology update.
In some optional embodiments, gathering end the plaintext dealing money received is encrypted to obtain ciphertext transaction
The step of amount of money, includes：
Gathering end generates the transaction private key that this gathering uses；
Gathering end storage basic point value, and calculating is encrypted to the basic point value using basic point AES and then obtains
Basic point check value；
End collect money according to the formula q=xG+mH calculating ciphertext dealing money；Wherein, q is the ciphertext dealing money, x
For the transaction private key, m is the plaintext dealing money received, and G is the basic point value, and H is the basic point check value.
In some optional embodiments,
First checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；
The step of gathering end generates the first checking information for verifying the ciphertext dealing money includes：
The plaintext dealing money m is carried out binary system fractionation by gathering end according to presetting digit capacity n, to obtainWherein m_{i}=2^{i}Or m_{i}=0, i represent index bit, and 0≤i ＜ n；
Gathering end is split the transaction private key x according to presetting digit capacity n at random, to obtainWherein
x_{0}To x_{n2}Random generation,
End collect money for each index bit, according to P (x_{i},m_{i})=x_{i}G+m_{i}H and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=x_{i}G+(m_{i}k_{i})H
Calculate P (x_{i},m_{i}) and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}；
End collect money for index bit each described, uses the x_{i}, P (the x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) generation
The ring signatures S of the index bit_{i}；
Collect money end by whole the index bit, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}Spliced with
Obtaining first transaction proves.
In some optional embodiments, node confirms that the ciphertext dealing money meets according to first checking information
The step of rule includes：
Node is disassembled first transaction and proved, to obtain whole index bits, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), the P (x_{i},
m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}；
Node is confirmed for index bit each described, the S_{i}For the P (x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) ring
Signature, and confirm for index bit each described, meet P (x_{i},m_{i})P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=k_{i}H, then confirm to meetTo confirm that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}。
In some optional embodiments,
First checking information includes the first communication information；
The step of gathering end generates the first checking information for verifying the ciphertext dealing money includes：
Gathering end generation gathering end fixed private, obtains payment end fixed public, and use the basic point AES
Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key to the product of the gathering end fixed private and the payment end fixed public, then
The plaintext dealing money and the transaction private key are spliced, the shared key is reused and spliced result is carried out
Computations are to generate first communication information.
In some optional embodiments, payment end is carried out according to first checking information to the ciphertext dealing money
Decrypt to include the step of obtaining the plaintext dealing money：
Payment end stores the basic point value, and calculating is encrypted to the basic point value using the basic point AES
Obtain the basic point check value；
Payment end generation payment end fixed private, obtains gathering end fixed public, and use the basic point AES
Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key to the product of the payment end fixed private and the gathering end fixed public, then
Split and first communication information is decrypted using the shared key result of calculating to obtain the plaintext trade gold
Volume.
In some optional embodiments, payment end calculates in plain text according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table
The step of small change amount of money, includes：
Payment end selects beneficiary to be more than or equal to institute for the payment end and plaintext total amount from the currency table
State the digital cash of literary dealing money clearly and then form the currency subset, then subtract the plaintext with the plaintext total amount
Dealing money is to obtain the plaintext small change amount of money.
In some optional embodiments,
The gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and described first are included in the transaction currency
Checking information；The payment request includes small change currency, and the ciphertext small change amount of money and described the are included in the small change currency
Two checking informations；
The step of payment end generation transfer data structure, includes：
The generation of payment end includes cryptographic Hash, the cryptographic Hash of the small change currency and the currency subset of the transaction currency
In each digital cash cryptographic Hash transfer data structure.
In some optional embodiments,
Before node is according to the step of gathering request renewal currency table, in addition to：Node establish for store currency,
The currency table of currency cryptographic Hash and the two corresponding relation；The currency table includes not spending currency in currency table, confirmation
List and currency table is spent；
Node includes according to the step of gathering request renewal currency table：Node is by the transaction currency and the friendship
The cryptographic Hash of easy currency stores the currency table into the confirmation；
Before the step of payment request storage is arrived the block chain by node, in addition to：Node is according to the transaction goods
The cryptographic Hash of coin is searched and confirms that the transaction currency is stored in currency table in the confirmation, further according in the currency subset
The cryptographic Hash of digital cash is searched and confirms that the digital cash in the currency subset does not spend currency table described in being stored in, with
And confirm the ciphertext dealing money and the ciphertext small change amount of money and the ciphertext equal to digital cash in the currency subset
Total amount；
Node includes according to the transfer data topology update the step of currency table：Node is according to the transaction goods
After the cryptographic Hash of coin finds the transaction currency, by the transaction currency and its cryptographic Hash, currency table moves from the confirmation
Currency table is not spent to described, is found further according to the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the currency subset in the currency subset
Currency after, the currency in the currency subset and its cryptographic Hash are not spent currency table to move to described to have spent goods from described
Coin list, and the small change currency and its cryptographic Hash storage are not spent into currency table to described.
To achieve the above object, other side according to embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a kind of based on digital cash
Transaction system, including：
Dealing money encrypting module, for being encrypted the plaintext dealing money received to obtain ciphertext dealing money；
First checking information generation module, for generating the first checking information for being used for verifying the ciphertext dealing money；
Gathering request sending module, for generating gathering request and broadcasting gathering request；Wrapped in the gathering request
Include the ciphertext dealing money and first checking information；
Gathering request receiving module, for receiving the gathering request；
Dealing money deciphering module, for the ciphertext dealing money is decrypted according to first checking information with
Obtain the plaintext dealing money；
Small change amount of money computing module, for calculating plaintext small change gold according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table
Volume；
Small change amount of money encrypting module, for the plaintext small change amount of money to be encrypted to obtain the ciphertext small change amount of money；
Second checking information generation module, for generating the second checking information for being used for verifying the ciphertext small change amount of money；
Transfer data structural generation module, for generating transfer data structure；
Payment request sending module, for generating payment request and broadcasting the payment request；Wrapped in the payment request
Include the ciphertext small change amount of money, second checking information and the transfer data structure.
In some optional embodiments, the dealing money encrypting module is additionally operable to：Generate the friendship that this gathering uses
Easy private key；Basic point value is stored, and calculating is encrypted to the basic point value using basic point AES and is verified with obtaining basic point
Value；The ciphertext dealing money is calculated according to formula q=xG+mH；Wherein, q is the ciphertext dealing money, and x is the transaction
Private key, m are the plaintext dealing money received, and G is the basic point value, and H is the basic point check value.
In some optional embodiments,
First checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；
The first checking information generation module is additionally operable to：The plaintext dealing money m is carried out two according to presetting digit capacity n
System is split, to obtainWherein m_{i}=2^{i}Or m_{i}=0, i represent index bit, and 0≤i ＜ n；By described in
Transaction private key x is split at random according to presetting digit capacity n, to obtainWherein x_{0}To x_{n2}Random generation,For each index bit, according to P (x_{i},m_{i})=x_{i}G+m_{i}H and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=x_{i}G+(m_{i}k_{i})
H calculates P (x_{i},m_{i}) and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}；For index bit each described, the x is used_{i}, P (the x_{i},
m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) generate the ring signatures S of the index bit_{i}；By the index bit of whole, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), it is described
P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}Spliced is proved with obtaining first transaction.
In some optional embodiments,
First checking information includes the first communication information；
The first checking information generation module is additionally operable to：Generation gathering end fixed private, obtains payment end fixed public,
And the product of the gathering end fixed private and the payment end fixed public is added using the basic point AES
Then the plaintext dealing money and the transaction private key are spliced, reused described to obtain shared key by close calculating
Shared key spliced result is encrypted calculating to generate first communication information.
In some optional embodiments, the dealing money deciphering module is additionally operable to：The basic point value is stored, and is made
The basic point value is encrypted with the basic point AES basic point check value is calculated；Generation payment end is fixed private
Key, gathering end fixed public is obtained, and using the basic point AES to the payment end fixed private and the gathering
Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key in the product of end fixed public, then splits using the shared key to described first
The result of calculating is decrypted to obtain the plaintext dealing money in communication information.
In some optional embodiments, the small change amount of money computing module is additionally operable to：Selected from the currency table
Then beneficiary forms institute for the payment end and plaintext total amount more than or equal to the digital cash of the plaintext dealing money
Currency subset is stated, then subtracts the plaintext dealing money with the plaintext total amount to obtain the plaintext small change amount of money.
In some optional embodiments,
The gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and described first are included in the transaction currency
Checking information；The payment request includes small change currency, and the ciphertext small change amount of money and described the are included in the small change currency
Two checking informations；
The transfer data structural generation module is additionally operable to：Cryptographic Hash of the generation comprising the transaction currency, the small change
The transfer data structure of the cryptographic Hash of each digital cash in the cryptographic Hash of currency and the currency subset.
To achieve the above object, another aspect according to embodiments of the present invention, there is provided a kind of based on digital cash
Transaction system, including：
Gathering request receiving module, for receiving gathering request；The gathering request includes ciphertext dealing money and first
Checking information；
Gathering requests verification module, for confirming that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule according to first checking information
Then；
Gathering is asked into chain module, for the gathering request storage to be arrived into block chain；
Gathering update module, for according to the gathering request renewal currency table；
Payment request receiving module, for receiving payment request；The payment request is tested including the ciphertext small change amount of money, second
Demonstrate,prove information and transfer data structure；
Payment request authentication module, for confirming that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule according to second checking information
Then, and the currency table according to the transfer data structural confirmation meets rule；
Payment request enters chain module, for payment request storage to be arrived into the block chain；
Payment update module, for the currency table according to the transfer data topology update.
In some optional embodiments,
First checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；
The gathering requests verification module is additionally operable to：Disassembling first transaction proves, to obtain whole index bit i, P
(x_{i},m_{i})、P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and S_{i}；Confirm for index bit each described, the S_{i}For the P (x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},
m_{i}k_{i}) ring signatures, and confirm for index bit each described, meet P (x_{i},m_{i})P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=k_{i}H, then really
Recognize satisfactionTo confirm that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}。
In some optional embodiments, described device also establishes module including currency table, wherein,
The currency table establish module be used for establish for storing the goods of currency, currency cryptographic Hash and the two corresponding relation
Coin list；The currency table includes not spending currency table in currency table, confirmation and has spent currency table；
The gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and described first are included in the transaction currency
Checking information；The payment request includes small change currency, and the ciphertext small change amount of money and described the are included in the small change currency
Two checking informations；
The gathering update module is additionally operable to：By the storage of the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency and the transaction currency described in
Currency table in confirmation；
Cryptographic Hash, the transfer data structure that the transfer data structure includes the transaction currency also include small change goods
The cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the cryptographic Hash of coin and the currency subset；
The payment request authentication module is additionally operable to：Searched according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency and confirm the transaction
Currency is stored in currency table in the confirmation, is searched further according to the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the currency subset and confirms institute
State the currency in currency subset be stored in it is described do not spend currency table, and confirm the ciphertext dealing money and the ciphertext
The small change amount of money and the ciphertext total amount equal to digital cash in the currency subset；
The payment update module is additionally operable to：After the transaction currency being found according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency,
By the transaction currency and its cryptographic Hash from the confirmation currency table move to it is described do not spend currency table, further according to described
After the cryptographic Hash of digital cash finds the currency in the currency subset in currency subset, by the currency in the currency subset
And its cryptographic Hash from it is described do not spend currency table move to it is described spent currency table, and by the small change currency and its Kazakhstan
Uncommon value storage does not spend currency table to described.
To achieve the above object, a kind of another aspect according to embodiments of the present invention, there is provided computerreadable storage
Medium, computer instruction is stored with the computerreadable recording medium, it is characterised in that the computer instruction can be by
Computer or computer system operation so that the computer or computer system be able to carry out it is described based on digital cash
Method of commerce.
One embodiment in foregoing invention has the following advantages that or beneficial effect：Because use and be based on distributed account book skill
During the bank settlement transaction of art, the plaintext amount of money being related in transaction is encrypted to obtain ciphertext for gathering end and payment end
The amount of money, and corresponding checking message is generated, to the technological means that the ciphertext amount of money is verified or decrypted, so overcoming
Fund is difficult to the technical problem to maintain secrecy in existing distributed account book technology, and then ensures that cooperation is shared and protection transaction is hidden
Private technique effect.
Further effect adds hereinafter in conjunction with embodiment possessed by abovementioned nonusual optional mode
With explanation.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing is used to more fully understand the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.Wherein：
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the key step of the method for commerce according to embodiments of the present invention based on digital cash；
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the main modular of the transaction system according to embodiments of the present invention based on digital cash；
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the main modular of the transaction system according to another embodiment of the present invention based on digital cash.
Embodiment
The one exemplary embodiment of the present invention is explained below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, including the various of the embodiment of the present invention
Details should think them only exemplary to help understanding.Therefore, those of ordinary skill in the art should recognize
Arrive, various changes and modifications can be made to the embodiments described herein, without departing from scope and spirit of the present invention.Together
Sample, for clarity and conciseness, the description to known function and structure is eliminated in following description.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the key step of the method for commerce according to embodiments of the present invention based on digital cash.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of method of commerce based on digital cash provided according to embodiments of the present invention, including：
S10, gathering end the plaintext dealing money received is encrypted to obtain ciphertext dealing money, and generates and be used for
The first checking information of the ciphertext dealing money is verified, gathering request is asked and broadcasted in then generation gathering；The receipts
Money request includes the ciphertext dealing money and first checking information.
S11, node confirm the ciphertext trade gold after the gathering request is received according to first checking information
Volume meets rule, and the gathering request storage then is arrived into block chain, and according to the gathering request renewal currency table.
S12, payment end is after the block chain gets the gathering request, according to first checking information to described
Ciphertext dealing money is decrypted to obtain the plaintext dealing money, and according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency
List calculates the plaintext small change amount of money, then the plaintext small change amount of money is encrypted to obtain the ciphertext small change amount of money, then generates
For verifying the second checking information of the ciphertext small change amount of money, and generation transfer data structure, payment request is then generated
And broadcast the payment request；The payment request includes the ciphertext small change amount of money, second checking information and described
Transfer data structure.
S13, node confirm the ciphertext trade gold after the payment request is received, according to second checking information
Volume meets rule, and the currency table according to the transfer data structural confirmation meets rule, then please by the payment
The block chain, and the currency table according to the transfer data topology update are arrived in storage of seeking survival.
In some optional embodiments, also include payment collection time stamp in the gathering request, for the ease of sending and connecing
Receive and record, the gathering also include beneficiary address and paying party address in asking.For the ease of identification, the gathering please
Ask before broadcast, it is signed using gathering end fixed private by the gathering end.Also include paying in the payment request
Money timestamp.For the ease of sending and receiving and recording, in the payment request with also including beneficiary address and paying party
Location.For the ease of identification, the payment request is signed using payment end fixed private to it before broadcast, by the payment end
Name.
From the above it can be seen that the embodiment of the present invention is because using the bank settlement transaction based on distributed account book technology
During, the plaintext amount of money being related in transaction is encrypted to obtain the ciphertext amount of money for gathering end and payment end, and generates phase
The checking message answered, to the technological means that the ciphertext amount of money is verified or decrypted, so overcoming existing distribution
Fund is difficult to the technical problem to maintain secrecy in account book technology, and then the technology effect for ensureing that cooperation is shared and protecting transaction privacy
Fruit.
In some optional embodiments, gathering end the plaintext dealing money received is encrypted to obtain ciphertext transaction
The step of amount of money, includes：
Gathering end generates the transaction private key that this gathering uses；Gathering end storage basic point value, and calculated using basic point encryption
Method the basic point value is encrypted calculating to obtain basic point check value；End collect money according to the formula q=xG+mH calculating ciphertext
Dealing money；Wherein, q is the ciphertext dealing money, and x is the transaction private key, and m is the plaintext dealing money received, G
For the basic point value, H is the basic point check value.Wherein, transaction private key is only used for this bank settlement, carries out new transaction every time
Shi Douhui generates a new transaction private key.
The basic point AES can be such as being encoded SHA256 algorithms, RIPEMD160 algorithms or Base58.Base
The purpose of point AES is one to be calculated Nobody Knows the open public key of private key, i.e. basic point by default basic point value G
Check value H；And the basic point check value H drawn using this kind of hash algorithms of such as SHA256 relatively has public credibility, naturally it is also possible to
The algorithm of same or similar effect can be reached using other.Do not have between H and G that basic point AES needs to ensure to be calculated
Have it is similar with this simply corresponding relations of H=kG so that q=xG+mH is when q, G, H are known, x and m value
There is unique solution.
In some optional embodiments, first checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；
The step of gathering end generates the first checking information for verifying the ciphertext dealing money includes：
The plaintext dealing money m is carried out binary system fractionation by gathering end according to presetting digit capacity n, to obtainWherein m_{i}=2^{i}Or m_{i}=0, i represent index bit, and 0≤i ＜ n；
Gathering end is split the transaction private key x according to presetting digit capacity n at random, to obtainWherein
x_{0}To x_{n2}Random generation,When splitting, presetting digit capacity n is more big, and then level of encryption is higher, but
Calculating cost can be improved, and unnecessary digit does not have actual applicability, so n value is generally proper 64,
32 or 128 can also according to circumstances be selected；
End collect money for each index bit, according to P (x_{i},m_{i})=x_{i}G+m_{i}H and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=x_{i}G+(m_{i}k_{i})H
Calculate P (x_{i},m_{i}) and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}；
End collect money for index bit each described, uses the x_{i}, P (the x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) generation
The ring signatures S of the index bit_{i}；
Collect money end by whole the index bit, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}Spliced with
Obtaining first transaction proves.
In some optional embodiments, node confirms that the ciphertext dealing money meets according to first checking information
The step of rule includes：
Node is disassembled first transaction and proved, to obtain whole index bits, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), the P (x_{i},
m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}；
Node is confirmed for index bit each described, the S_{i}For the P (x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) ring
Signature, and confirm for index bit each described, meet P (x_{i},m_{i})P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=k_{i}H, then confirm to meetWhereby it was confirmed that plaintext dealing money is in 02 corresponding to ciphertext dealing money q^{n}In the range of, with true
Recognize the ciphertext dealing money and meet rule；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}。
In some optional embodiments, first checking information includes the first communication information；
The step of gathering end generates the first checking information for verifying the ciphertext dealing money includes：
Gathering end generation gathering end fixed private, obtains payment end fixed public, and use the basic point AES
Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key to the product of the gathering end fixed private and the payment end fixed public, then
The plaintext dealing money and the transaction private key are spliced, the shared key is reused and spliced result is carried out
Computations are to generate first communication information.
In some optional embodiments, payment end is carried out according to first checking information to the ciphertext dealing money
Decrypt to include the step of obtaining the plaintext dealing money：
Payment end stores the basic point value, and calculating is encrypted to the basic point value using the basic point AES
Obtain the basic point check value；
Payment end generation payment end fixed private, obtains gathering end fixed public, and use the basic point AES
Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key to the product of the payment end fixed private and the gathering end fixed public, then
Split and first communication information is decrypted using the shared key result of calculating to obtain the plaintext trade gold
Volume.
It should be noted that due to the first communication information employ payment end and collect money end wherein one end fixed private with
And the fixed public of the other end is encrypted, so only payment end and gathering end can solve to the first logical informational message
It is close, so as to which ciphertext dealing money be decrypted.Similarly, arbitrary user terminal can only be decrypted and got relevant with itself
The plaintext amount of money in (itself being paying party or beneficiary) digital cash, and the digital cash unrelated with itself can not be obtained
In plaintext dealing money, so ensure that process of exchange and merchandise account book privacy.
In some optional embodiments, payment end calculates in plain text according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table
The step of small change amount of money, includes：
Payment end selects beneficiary to be more than or equal to institute for the payment end and plaintext total amount from the currency table
State the digital cash of literary dealing money clearly and then form the currency subset, then subtract the plaintext with the plaintext total amount
Dealing money is to obtain the plaintext small change amount of money.If it should be noted that the plaintext of digital cash is always golden in the currency subset
Volume is equal to the plaintext dealing money, then the plaintext small change amount of money being calculated is zero；In such a case, it is possible to still
Subsequent treatment is not carried out for 0 method according to the plaintext small change amount of money, single Rule of judgment can also be set, do not reprocessed followup
There is the plaintext small change amount of money and relative content.If not carrying out subsequent treatment for 0 method according to the plaintext small change amount of money,
Plaintext that then can be with subsequent step interior joint to digital cash in ciphertext dealing money, the ciphertext small change amount of money and currency subset
The checking of total amount is consistent, it is possible to increase the globality and security of method.
In some optional embodiments, described in the mode of generation, decryption and the checking of the ciphertext small change amount of money refers to
Ciphertext dealing money；The generation and use of second checking information refer to first checking information.It should be noted that generating
During the second checking information, this payment transaction private key for using of payment is generated by end of paying the bill, in other embodiment, in order to
Meet verification condition, the payment transaction private key will also meet certain condition, be illustrated in subsequent embodiment；If desired
The second communication information is generated, then end of paying the bill is according to payment end fixed private and payment end fixed public, with reference to the described first checking
The generating mode of message is generated.
In some optional embodiments,
Before node is according to the step of gathering request renewal currency table, in addition to：Node establish for store currency,
The currency table of currency cryptographic Hash and the two corresponding relation；The currency table includes not spending currency in currency table, confirmation
List and currency table is spent；
Node includes according to the step of gathering request renewal currency table：Node is by the transaction currency and the friendship
The cryptographic Hash of easy currency stores the currency table into the confirmation；
Before the step of payment request storage is arrived the block chain by node, in addition to：Node is according to the transaction goods
The cryptographic Hash of coin is searched and confirms that the transaction currency is stored in currency table in the confirmation, further according in the currency subset
The cryptographic Hash of digital cash is searched and confirms that the digital cash in the currency subset does not spend currency table described in being stored in, with
And confirm the ciphertext dealing money and the ciphertext small change amount of money and the ciphertext equal to digital cash in the currency subset
Total amount；
Node includes according to the transfer data topology update the step of currency table：Node is according to the transaction goods
After the cryptographic Hash of coin finds the transaction currency, by the transaction currency and its cryptographic Hash, currency table moves from the confirmation
Currency table is not spent to described, is found further according to the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the currency subset in the currency subset
Currency after, the currency in the currency subset and its cryptographic Hash are not spent currency table to move to described to have spent goods from described
Coin list, and the small change currency and its cryptographic Hash storage are not spent into currency table to described.
In the present embodiment because to confirm the ciphertext dealing money and the ciphertext small change amount of money and equal to the goods
The ciphertext total amount of digital cash in coin subset, so described in being equal to when the plaintext total amount of digital cash in the currency subset
Plaintext dealing money, i.e., when the value of the described plaintext small change amount of money is 0, still with reference to the side that plaintext dealing money is encrypted
The plaintext small change amount of money is encrypted method；In addition, when the plaintext small change amount of money is encrypted, by end generation payment transaction of paying the bill
Private key, the generating mode of payment transaction private key here is different from the mode of gathering end generation transaction private key, and nonrandom generation,
But the obtained result of transaction private key at the payment end is subtracted with the transaction private key sum of digital cash in the currency subset
As the payment transaction private key at the payment end, so ciphertext trade gold can be still met when the plaintext small change amount of money is 0
Volume and the ciphertext small change amount of money and the ciphertext total amount equal to digital cash in currency subset, so as to complete verification process.
It should be noted that any user terminal inquires about the account balance of itself if desired, then currency table can be collected
Do not spend in currency table, beneficiary address be Self address currency, counted one by one according to the public key at these monetary payment ends
The shared key of each currency is calculated, and decrypts the ciphertext amount of money in these currency respectively using the shared key, it is every to obtain
The plaintext amount of money of individual currency, these plaintext amount of money are added and can obtain the account balance of itself.
In some optional embodiments, payment end is after the block chain gets the gathering request, it is also possible to refuses
Paid the bill absolutely；Now, methods described also includes：
Payment end obtains the transaction currency included in the gathering request, and calculates the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency,
Then generation, which is refused payment, asks and broadcasts the request of refusing payment；The request of refusing payment includes the transaction currency
Cryptographic Hash；
Node side arranges after the request of refusing payment is received according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency in the currency
The transaction currency is searched in table, and it is determined that the transaction currency is present in currency table and the transaction in the confirmation
Behind address of the paying party address of currency for the payment end, the transaction currency is deleted from the currency table.
In some optional embodiments, gathering end can not also initiate payment request or refuse payment to ask at payment end
Before asking, gathering request is recalled in initiation；Now, methods described also includes：
Gathering end calculates the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency, and then generation, which recalls gathering request and broadcasts this, recalls gathering
Request；The cryptographic Hash recalled gathering and ask to include the transaction currency；
Node side arranges after gathering request is recalled described in receiving according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency in the currency
The transaction currency is searched in table, and it is determined that the transaction currency is present in currency table and the transaction in the confirmation
Behind address of the beneficiary address of currency for the gathering end, the transaction currency is deleted from the currency table.
In some optional embodiments, the data structure such as institute of table 1 of the transaction currency, small change currency and digital cash
Show：
The monetary data structure table of table 1
Field  Abbreviation  Type  Explain 
AddressFrom  D_{x}  Address  Paying party address 
AddressTo  D_{x}  Address  Beneficiary address 
Money  q  Public key  The ciphertext amount of money 
Proof  f  Bytes  Transaction proves 
Message  c  Bytes  Communication information 
Timestamp  s  Time  Millisecond timestamp 
In some optional embodiments, the data structure that the transaction proves is as shown in table 2：
The transaction of table 2 proves data structure table
In some optional embodiments, the optional data structure of the transfer data structure is as shown in table 3：
The transfer data structure table of table 3
Field  Type  Explain 
Inputs  Hash lists  Input currency Hash list 
Outputs  Hash lists  Export currency Hash list 
Wherein, the input currency Hash list includes the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in currency subset；The output goods
Coin Hash list includes the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency, and when small change be present, includes the Kazakhstan of the small change currency
Uncommon value.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the main modular of the transaction system according to embodiments of the present invention based on digital cash.
As shown in Fig. 2 the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of transaction system 200 based on digital cash, tool is mainly used in
Standby gathering and the user terminal of payment function, including：
Dealing money encrypting module 201, for being encrypted the plaintext dealing money received to obtain ciphertext trade gold
Volume；
First checking information generation module 202, it is used for the first checking letter for verifying the ciphertext dealing money for generating
Breath；
Gathering request sending module 203, for generating gathering request and broadcasting gathering request；In the gathering request
Including the ciphertext dealing money and first checking information；
Gathering request receiving module 204, for receiving the gathering request；
Dealing money deciphering module 205, for being solved according to first checking information to the ciphertext dealing money
It is close to obtain the plaintext dealing money；
Small change amount of money computing module 206, looked in plain text for being calculated according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table
Fractionl amount；
Small change amount of money encrypting module 207, for the plaintext small change amount of money to be encrypted to obtain the ciphertext small change amount of money；
Second checking information generation module 208, it is used for the second checking letter for verifying the ciphertext small change amount of money for generating
Breath；
Transfer data structural generation module 209, for generating transfer data structure；
Payment request sending module 210, for generating payment request and broadcasting the payment request；In the payment request
Including the ciphertext small change amount of money, second checking information and the transfer data structure.
In some optional embodiments, the dealing money encrypting module 201 is additionally operable to：Generate what this gathering used
Transaction private key；Basic point value is stored, and the basic point value is encrypted calculating using basic point AES to obtain basic point school
Test value；The ciphertext dealing money is calculated according to formula q=xG+mH；Wherein, q is the ciphertext dealing money, and x is the friendship
Easy private key, m are the plaintext dealing money received, and G is the basic point value, and H is the basic point check value.
First checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；
The first checking information generation module 202 is additionally operable to：The plaintext dealing money m is entered according to presetting digit capacity n
Row binary system is split, to obtainWherein m_{i}=2^{i}Or m_{i}=0, i represent index bit, and 0≤i ＜ n；By institute
State transaction private key x to be split at random according to presetting digit capacity n, to obtainWherein x_{0}To x_{n2}Random generation,For each index bit, according to P (x_{i},m_{i})=x_{i}G+m_{i}H and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=x_{i}G+(m_{i}k_{i})
H calculates P (x_{i},m_{i}) and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}；For index bit each described, the x is used_{i}, P (the x_{i},
m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) generate the ring signatures S of the index bit_{i}；By the index bit of whole, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), it is described
P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}Spliced is proved with obtaining first transaction.
First checking information includes the first communication information；
The first checking information generation module 202 is additionally operable to：Generation gathering end fixed private, it is public to obtain the fixation of payment end
Key, and the product of the gathering end fixed private and the payment end fixed public is carried out using the basic point AES
Then the plaintext dealing money and the transaction private key are spliced to obtain shared key, reuse institute by computations
State shared key and spliced result is encrypted calculating to generate first communication information.
In some optional embodiments, the dealing money deciphering module 205 is additionally operable to：The basic point value is stored, with
And the basic point value is encrypted using the basic point AES basic point check value is calculated；Generation payment end is consolidated
Determine private key, obtain gathering end fixed public, and using the basic point AES to the payment end fixed private with it is described
Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key in the product of gathering end fixed public, then splits using the shared key to described
The result of calculating is decrypted to obtain the plaintext dealing money in first communication information.
In some optional embodiments, the small change amount of money computing module 206 is additionally operable to：Selected from the currency table
Select digital cash and then composition that beneficiary is more than or equal to the plaintext dealing money for the payment end and plaintext total amount
The currency subset, the plaintext dealing money then is subtracted with the plaintext total amount to obtain the plaintext small change amount of money.
In some optional embodiments,
The gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and described first are included in the transaction currency
Checking information；The payment request includes small change currency, and the ciphertext small change amount of money and described the are included in the small change currency
Two checking informations；
The transfer data structural generation module 209 is additionally operable to：Cryptographic Hash of the generation comprising the transaction currency, described look for
The transfer data structure of the cryptographic Hash of each digital cash in the cryptographic Hash of zero currency and the currency subset.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the main modular of the transaction system according to another embodiment of the present invention based on digital cash.
As shown in figure 3, another embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of transaction system 300 based on digital cash, main application
In the node for possessing authentication function, including：
Gathering request receiving module 301, for receiving gathering request；The gathering request includes ciphertext dealing money and the
One checking information；
Requests verification of collecting money module 302, for confirming that the ciphertext dealing money meets according to first checking information
Rule；
Gathering is asked into chain module 303, for the gathering request storage to be arrived into block chain；
Gathering update module 304, for according to the gathering request renewal currency table；
Payment request receiving module 305, for receiving payment request；The payment request includes the ciphertext small change amount of money, the
Two checking informations and transfer data structure；
Payment request authentication module 306, for confirming that the ciphertext dealing money meets according to second checking information
Rule, and the currency table according to the transfer data structural confirmation meet rule；
Payment request enters chain module 307, for payment request storage to be arrived into the block chain；
Payment update module 308, for the currency table according to the transfer data topology update.
In some optional embodiments, first checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；
The gathering requests verification module 302 is additionally operable to：Disassembling first transaction proves, to obtain whole index bits
i、P(x_{i},m_{i})、P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and S_{i}；Confirm for index bit each described, the S_{i}For the P (x_{i},m_{i}) and the P
(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) ring signatures, and confirm for index bit each described, meet P (x_{i},m_{i})P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=k_{i}H, so
Confirm to meet afterwardsTo confirm that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}。
In some optional embodiments, described device also establishes module 309 including currency table,
The currency table establish module 309 be used for establish for storing currency, currency cryptographic Hash and the two corresponding relation
Currency table；The currency table includes not spending currency table in currency table, confirmation and has spent currency table；
The gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and described first are included in the transaction currency
Checking information；The payment request includes small change currency, and the ciphertext small change amount of money and described the are included in the small change currency
Two checking informations；
The gathering update module 304：The storage of the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency and the transaction currency is arrived described true
Recognize middle currency table；
Cryptographic Hash, the transfer data structure that the transfer data structure includes the transaction currency also include small change goods
The cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the cryptographic Hash of coin and the currency subset；
The payment request authentication module 306 is additionally operable to：Searched according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency and described in confirming
Transaction currency is stored in currency table in the confirmation, is searched further according to the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the currency subset and true
The currency recognized in the currency subset be stored in it is described do not spend currency table, and confirm the ciphertext dealing money with it is described
The ciphertext small change amount of money and the ciphertext total amount equal to digital cash in the currency subset；
The payment update module 308 is additionally operable to：The transaction currency is found according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency
Afterwards, by the transaction currency and its cryptographic Hash from the confirmation currency table move to it is described do not spend currency table, further according to
After the cryptographic Hash of digital cash finds the currency in the currency subset in the currency subset, by the currency subset
Currency and its cryptographic Hash from it is described do not spend currency table move to it is described spent currency table, and by the small change currency and
The storage of its cryptographic Hash does not spend currency table to described.
Abovementioned embodiment, does not form limiting the scope of the invention.Those skilled in the art should be bright
It is white, depending on design requirement and other factors, various modifications, combination, subportfolio and replacement can occur.It is any
Modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principles in the present invention etc., should be included in the scope of the present invention
Within.
Claims (20)
 A kind of 1. method of commerce based on digital cash, it is characterised in that including：Gathering end the plaintext dealing money received is encrypted to obtain ciphertext dealing money, and generates described for verifying Gathering request is asked and broadcasted in first checking information of ciphertext dealing money, then generation gathering；In the gathering request Including the ciphertext dealing money and first checking information；Node confirms that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule after the gathering request is received, according to first checking information Then, block chain then is arrived into the gathering request storage, and according to the gathering request renewal currency table；The ciphertext is merchandised according to first checking information after the block chain gets the gathering request at payment end The amount of money is decrypted to obtain the plaintext dealing money, and calculated according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table The plaintext small change amount of money, then the plaintext small change amount of money is encrypted to obtain the ciphertext small change amount of money, then generate for verifying Second checking information of the ciphertext small change amount of money, and generation transfer data structure, then generate payment request and broadcast The payment request；The payment request includes the ciphertext small change amount of money, second checking information and the transfer data Structure；Node confirms that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule after the payment request is received, according to second checking information Then, and the currency table according to the transfer data structural confirmation meets rule, then arrives the payment request storage The block chain, and the currency table according to the transfer data topology update.
 2. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that gathering end the plaintext dealing money received is encrypted with The step of obtaining ciphertext dealing money includes：Gathering end generates the transaction private key that this gathering uses；Gathering end storage basic point value, and the basic point value is encrypted using basic point AES and calculates and then obtain basic point Check value；End collect money according to the formula q=xG+mH calculating ciphertext dealing money；Wherein, q is the ciphertext dealing money, and x is institute Transaction private key is stated, m is the plaintext dealing money received, and G is the basic point value, and H is the basic point check value.
 3. according to the method for claim 2, it is characterised in thatFirst checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；The step of gathering end generates the first checking information for verifying the ciphertext dealing money includes：The plaintext dealing money m is carried out binary system fractionation by gathering end according to presetting digit capacity n, to obtain Wherein m_{i}=2^{i}Or m_{i}=0, i represent index bit, and 0≤i ＜ n；Gathering end is split the transaction private key x according to presetting digit capacity n at random, to obtainWherein x_{0}Extremely x_{n2}Random generation,End collect money for each index bit, according to P (x_{i},m_{i})=x_{i}G+m_{i}H and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=x_{i}G+(m_{i}k_{i}) H calculating P (x_{i},m_{i}) and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}；End collect money for index bit each described, uses the x_{i}, P (the x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) generate the rope Draw the ring signatures S of position_{i}；Collect money end by whole the index bit, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}Spliced to obtain First transaction proves.
 4. according to the method for claim 3, it is characterised in that node confirms the ciphertext according to first checking information The legal step of dealing money includes：Node is disassembled first transaction and proved, to obtain whole index bits, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), the P (x_{i},m_{i} k_{i}) and the S_{i}；Node is confirmed for index bit each described, the S_{i}For the P (x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) ring signatures, And confirm for index bit each described, meet P (x_{i},m_{i})P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=k_{i}H, then confirm to meetTo confirm that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}。
 5. according to the method for claim 2, it is characterised in thatFirst checking information includes the first communication information；The step of gathering end generates the first checking information for verifying the ciphertext dealing money includes：Gathering end generation gathering end fixed private, obtains payment end fixed public, and use the basic point AES to institute Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key in the product for stating gathering end fixed private and the payment end fixed public, then by institute State literary dealing money clearly with the transaction private key to be spliced, reuse the shared key and spliced result is encrypted Calculate to generate first communication information.
 6. according to the method for claim 5, it is characterised in that payment end is according to first checking information to the ciphertext Dealing money is decrypted to include the step of obtaining the plaintext dealing money：Payment end stores the basic point value, and the basic point value is encrypted using the basic point AES and is calculated The basic point check value；Payment end generation payment end fixed private, obtains gathering end fixed public, and use the basic point AES to institute Calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key in the product for stating payment end fixed private and the gathering end fixed public, then splits First communication information is decrypted using the shared key result of calculating to obtain the plaintext dealing money.
 7. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that payment end is according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency The step of list calculating plaintext small change amount of money, includes：Payment end select beneficiary for end and the plaintext total amount of paying the bill more than or equal to stating clearly from the currency table Then the digital cash of literary dealing money forms the currency subset, then subtracting the plaintext with the plaintext total amount merchandises The amount of money is to obtain the plaintext small change amount of money.
 8. according to the method for claim 7, it is characterised in thatThe gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and first checking are included in the transaction currency Information；The payment request includes small change currency, is tested in the small change currency comprising the ciphertext small change amount of money and described second Demonstrate,prove information；The step of payment end generation transfer data structure, includes：It is each in cryptographic Hash of the end generation comprising the transaction currency, the cryptographic Hash of the small change currency and the currency subset of paying the bill The transfer data structure of the cryptographic Hash of digital cash.
 9. according to the method for claim 8, it is characterised in thatBefore node is according to the step of gathering request renewal currency table, in addition to：Node is established for storing currency, currency The currency table of cryptographic Hash and the two corresponding relation；The currency table includes not spending currency table in currency table, confirmation Currency table is spent；Node includes according to the step of gathering request renewal currency table：Node is by the transaction currency and the transaction goods The cryptographic Hash of coin stores the currency table into the confirmation；Before the step of payment request storage is arrived the block chain by node, in addition to：Node is according to the transaction currency Cryptographic Hash is searched and confirms that the transaction currency is stored in currency table in the confirmation, further according to digital in the currency subset The cryptographic Hash of currency is searched and confirms that the digital cash in the currency subset does not spend currency table described in being stored in, and really Recognize the ciphertext dealing money with it is the ciphertext small change amount of money and always golden equal to the ciphertext of digital cash in the currency subset Volume；Node includes according to the transfer data topology update the step of currency table：Node is according to the transaction currency After cryptographic Hash finds the transaction currency, by the transaction currency and its cryptographic Hash, currency table moves to institute from the confirmation State and do not spend currency table, goods in the currency subset is found further according to the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the currency subset After coin, the currency in the currency subset and its cryptographic Hash are not spent currency table to move to described to have spent currency to arrange from described Table, and the small change currency and its cryptographic Hash storage are not spent into currency table to described.
 A kind of 10. transaction system based on digital cash, it is characterised in that including：Dealing money encrypting module, for being encrypted the plaintext dealing money received to obtain ciphertext dealing money；First checking information generation module, for generating the first checking information for being used for verifying the ciphertext dealing money；Gathering request sending module, for generating gathering request and broadcasting gathering request；The gathering request includes institute State ciphertext dealing money and first checking information；Gathering request receiving module, for receiving the gathering request；Dealing money deciphering module, for being decrypted the ciphertext dealing money to obtain according to first checking information The plaintext dealing money；Small change amount of money computing module, for calculating the plaintext small change amount of money according to the plaintext dealing money and the currency table；Small change amount of money encrypting module, for the plaintext small change amount of money to be encrypted to obtain the ciphertext small change amount of money；Second checking information generation module, for generating the second checking information for being used for verifying the ciphertext small change amount of money；Transfer data structural generation module, for generating transfer data structure；Payment request sending module, for generating payment request and broadcasting the payment request；The payment request includes institute State the ciphertext small change amount of money, second checking information and the transfer data structure.
 11. device according to claim 10, it is characterised in that the dealing money encrypting module is additionally operable to：Generation is originally The secondary transaction private key used of collecting money；Basic point value is stored, and calculating is encrypted to the basic point value using basic point AES To obtain basic point check value；The ciphertext dealing money is calculated according to formula q=xG+mH；Wherein, q is the ciphertext trade gold Volume, x are the transaction private key, and m is the plaintext dealing money received, and G is the basic point value, and H is the basic point check value.
 12. device according to claim 11, it is characterised in thatFirst checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；The first checking information generation module is additionally operable to：The plaintext dealing money m is subjected to binary system according to presetting digit capacity n Split, to obtainWherein m_{i}=2^{i}Or m_{i}=0, i represent index bit, and 0≤i ＜ n；The transaction is private Key x is split at random according to presetting digit capacity n, to obtainWherein x_{0}To x_{n2}Random generation,For each index bit, according to P (x_{i},m_{i})=x_{i}G+m_{i}H and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=x_{i}G+(m_{i}k_{i})H Calculate P (x_{i},m_{i}) and P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})；Wherein k_{i}=2^{i}；For index bit each described, the x is used_{i}, P (the x_{i}, m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) generate the ring signatures S of the index bit_{i}；By the index bit of whole, the P (x_{i},m_{i}), it is described P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and the S_{i}Spliced is proved with obtaining first transaction.
 13. device according to claim 11, it is characterised in thatFirst checking information includes the first communication information；The first checking information generation module is additionally operable to：Generation gathering end fixed private, payment end fixed public is obtained, and Meter is encrypted to the product of the gathering end fixed private and the payment end fixed public using the basic point AES Calculate to obtain shared key, then spliced the plaintext dealing money and the transaction private key, reuse described shared Key spliced result is encrypted calculating to generate first communication information.
 14. device according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the dealing money deciphering module is additionally operable to：Storage institute Basic point value is stated, and the basic point value is encrypted using the basic point AES basic point check value is calculated； Generation payment end fixed private, gathering end fixed public is obtained, and the payment end is consolidated using the basic point AES Determine private key and calculating is encrypted to obtain shared key in the product of the gathering end fixed public, then split using described common Enjoy key and first communication information is decrypted the result of calculating to obtain the plaintext dealing money.
 15. device according to claim 10, it is characterised in that the small change amount of money computing module is additionally operable to：From described Beneficiary is selected to be more than or equal to the numeral of the plaintext dealing money for the payment end and plaintext total amount in currency table Then currency forms the currency subset, then subtract the plaintext dealing money with the plaintext total amount to obtain looking in plain text Fractionl amount.
 16. device according to claim 15, it is characterised in thatThe gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and first checking are included in the transaction currency Information；The payment request includes small change currency, is tested in the small change currency comprising the ciphertext small change amount of money and described second Demonstrate,prove information；The transfer data structural generation module is additionally operable to：Cryptographic Hash of the generation comprising the transaction currency, the small change currency Cryptographic Hash and the currency subset in each digital cash cryptographic Hash transfer data structure.
 A kind of 17. transaction system based on digital cash, it is characterised in that including：Gathering request receiving module, for receiving gathering request；The gathering request includes ciphertext dealing money and the first checking Information；Gathering requests verification module, for confirming that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule according to first checking information；Gathering is asked into chain module, for the gathering request storage to be arrived into block chain；Gathering update module, for according to the gathering request renewal currency table；Payment request receiving module, for receiving payment request；The payment request includes the ciphertext small change amount of money, the second checking letter Breath and transfer data structure；Payment request authentication module, for confirming that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule according to second checking information, with And the currency table according to the transfer data structural confirmation meets rule；Payment request enters chain module, for payment request storage to be arrived into the block chain；Payment update module, for the currency table according to the transfer data topology update.
 18. device according to claim 17, it is characterised in thatFirst checking information, which includes the first transaction, to be proved；The gathering requests verification module is additionally operable to：Disassembling first transaction proves, to obtain whole index bit i, P (x_{i}, m_{i})、P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i}) and S_{i}；Confirm for index bit each described, the S_{i}For the P (x_{i},m_{i}) and the P (x_{i},m_{i} k_{i}) ring signatures, and confirm for index bit each described, meet P (x_{i},m_{i})P(x_{i},m_{i}k_{i})=k_{i}H, then confirm MeetTo confirm that the ciphertext dealing money meets rule；Wherein q is the ciphertext dealing money, k_{i}=2^{i}。
 19. device according to claim 17, it is characterised in that described device also establishes module including currency table, its In,The currency table establish module be used for establish be used for store currency, currency cryptographic Hash and the two corresponding relation currency arrange Table；The currency table includes not spending currency table in currency table, confirmation and has spent currency table；The gathering request includes transaction currency, and the ciphertext dealing money and first checking are included in the transaction currency Information；The payment request includes small change currency, is tested in the small change currency comprising the ciphertext small change amount of money and described second Demonstrate,prove information；The gathering update module is additionally operable to：The confirmation is arrived into the storage of the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency and the transaction currency Middle currency table；The transfer data structure, which includes the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency, the transfer data structure, also includes small change currency The cryptographic Hash of digital cash in cryptographic Hash and the currency subset；The payment request authentication module is additionally operable to：Searched according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency and confirm the transaction currency Currency table in the confirmation is stored in, is searched further according to the cryptographic Hash of digital cash in the currency subset and confirms the goods Currency in coin subset does not spend currency table described in being stored in, and confirms the ciphertext dealing money and the ciphertext small change The amount of money and the ciphertext total amount equal to digital cash in the currency subset；The payment update module is additionally operable to：After finding the transaction currency according to the cryptographic Hash of the transaction currency, by institute State transaction currency and its cryptographic Hash currency table from the confirmation move to it is described do not spend currency table, further according to the currency After the cryptographic Hash of digital cash finds the currency in the currency subset in subset, by the currency in the currency subset and its Cryptographic Hash from it is described do not spend currency table move to it is described spent currency table, and by the small change currency and its cryptographic Hash Store and described do not spend currency table.
 20. a kind of computerreadable recording medium, computer instruction is stored with the computerreadable recording medium, its feature It is, the computer instruction can be run by computer or computer system, so that the computer or computer system energy Enough perform claims require the method any one of 19.
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