CN107353629A - A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107353629A
CN107353629A CN201710589018.3A CN201710589018A CN107353629A CN 107353629 A CN107353629 A CN 107353629A CN 201710589018 A CN201710589018 A CN 201710589018A CN 107353629 A CN107353629 A CN 107353629A
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parts
exterior wall
insulating material
rigid foam
fireproof heat
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黄洋
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Hefei Guang Min Building Materials Co Ltd
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Hefei Guang Min Building Materials Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material, belongs to insulation material technical field, includes the raw material of following parts by weight:60 70 parts of '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, 16 20 parts of Kynoar, 11 15 parts of ceramic hollow microballon, 14 16 parts of alumina silicate fibre, 8 11 parts of glass fibre, 59 parts of titanium boride, 6 10 parts of nano silicon, 50 55 parts of polyglycol ether, 14 parts of glycerine, 13 parts of triethanolamine, 12 parts of dibutyl tin laurate, 24 parts of foaming agent, 13 parts of foam stabilizer, 46 parts of phosphorus flame retardant, 0.4 1 parts of ultra-violet absorber;The invention also discloses a kind of preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material;The present invention is prepared simply, has preferably mechanical property and resistance to elevated temperatures.

Description

A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to insulation material technical field, specifically, relate to a kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fire-retardant heat insulation Heat-barrier material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The organic insulation material of the present large-scale use of building energy conservation mainly has EPS(Polystyrene foam)、PS(Extrusion molding gathers Styrenic foams)And PU(Polyurethane foam), belong to inflammable organic insulation material, biggest advantage is light, is incubated, thermal insulation It is good;The defects of maximum is that fire savety is poor, easy to aging, easy firing.If these novel building energy-saving materials are not by resistance Combustion and the chemical structure modification of drop cigarette, simply simple addition fire retardant, all in the presence of serious disaster hidden-trouble, causes frequently to trigger Fire Accidents for Buildings, therefore the fire protection flame retarding technology of inflammable organic insulation material and the research of fireproof construction and its push away on a large scale Wide application, it has also become the major issue of relation people's livelihood safety.
A series of enforceable Research on Energy Saving are formulated at present, this undoubtedly gives PU foamed plastics big in building energy conservation Scale use creates an opportunity to develop.But hard polyurethane foam is a kind of incendive organic material of appearance, it is in burning A large amount of toxic smogs are discharged, can make one to be poisoned and suffocate in a short time.So if it is anti-effectively, effectively to solve it The problem of fire safety, an approach with abundant scientific evidence is can not find to solve the fire savety during its use Problem, then PU foamed plastics just can not obtain large-scale promotion application in China's building energy conservation.So polyurethane foam is moulded Material resistance to combustion, fire prevention the problems such as important topic in the urgent need to address, this problem be RPUF the present One of key factor of development can be continued afterwards.
In Publication No. CN101831168A patent document, the polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall for disclosing a kind of high fire-retardance is protected Adiabator and preparation method thereof.The polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall thermal insulation material of the high fire-retardance is made up of component A and B component, wherein, Component A is by phenolic resin, brominated epoxy resin, phosphorous flame retardant polyether polyol, organic foam stabilizer, catalyst diformazan Ethylethanolamine, catalyst dibutyltin dilaurylate, fire retardant and the fluorine dichloroethanes of foaming agent one composition, B component are fire-retardant Type polyisocyanate curing agent.The invention additionally provides the preparation method of above-mentioned external-wall heat-insulation material.The invention has excellent Mechanical property and high flame resistance, overcome original Polyurethane Thermal Insulation Building Materials fire retardant performance and the mutual lance of mechanical property The problem of shield, the exterior-wall heat insulation for requiring higher buildings suitable for fire-protection rating are constructed;But the mechanical property and high fire-retardance of the invention Performance remains to further strengthen, to meet the growing needs of field of heat insulating materials.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of fire-retardant guarantor of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall Warm heat-barrier material and preparation method thereof, prepare simply, there is preferably mechanical property and resistance to elevated temperatures.
A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material provided by the invention, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate 60-70 parts, Kynoar 16-20 parts, ceramic hollow microballon 11-15 parts, aluminium silicate fiber Tie up 14-16 parts, glass fibre 8-11 parts, titanium boride 5-9 parts, nano silicon 6-10 parts, polyglycol ether 50-55 parts, sweet Oily 1-4 parts, triethanolamine 1-3 parts, dibutyl tin laurate 1-2 parts, foaming agent 2-4 parts, foam stabilizer 1-3 parts, phosphorous flame-retardant Agent 4-6 parts, ultra-violet absorber 0.4-1 parts.
Preferably, the length of aluminium silicate fiber peacekeeping glass fibre is 0.1-0.3mm, a diameter of 0.05-0.07mm.
Preferably, foaming agent be pentane, n-hexane, normal heptane, petroleum ether, Arcton 11, dicholorodifluoromethane, One or two or more kinds of mixtures of dichlorotetra-fluoroethane.
Preferably, foam stabilizer is organic silicon modified by polyether oxygen alkane.
Preferably, phosphorus flame retardant is red phosphorus, APP, phosphorus ammonium, the one or two or more kinds of tricresyl phosphate Mixture.
Preferably, ultra-violet absorber be salicyl ester phenyl ester, ultra-violet absorber UV-O, ultra-violet absorber UV-9, One or two or more kinds of mixtures of ultraviolet absorbent UV-531.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material, including following step Suddenly:
(1), by above-mentioned parts by weight weigh various raw materials;
(2), by ceramic hollow microballon, alumina silicate fibre, glass fibre, titanium boride, nano silicon, glycerine, triethanolamine, Dibutyl tin laurate, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, phosphorus flame retardant and appropriate water are added in mixer and stirred, and obtain To compound;
(3), by step(2)In compound, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, polyglycol ether, Kynoar, ultraviolet inhale Receive agent to be added in forming machine, extrusion forming.
Wherein,
Step(2)The mixing speed of middle mixer is 400-500r/min.
Step(2)Described in the weight ratio of appropriate water and the compound be 1:4.
A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material of the present invention and preparation method thereof, prepare simply, have Preferably mechanical property and resistance to elevated temperatures, specifically have the beneficial effect that:
(1), '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate and polyglycol ether be polyurethane primary raw material;The characteristics of phenolic resin is most prominent It is fire-retardant, low cigarette, high temperature resistance distortion, has the characteristics that light weight, thermal insulation are good, heat resistance is good, good stability of the dimension;It is poly- inclined PVF has color distortion excellent chemical resistance, high temperature resistant, oxidative resistance, wearability, pliability, the anti-intensity that rises, resistance to Impact intensity, UV resistant and high-energy radiation;'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, polyglycol ether, phenolic resin, poly- inclined fluorine The mixing of ethene is effective to ensure that the mechanical property and resistance to elevated temperatures of insulation material;
(2), ceramic hollow microballon and alumina silicate fibre can increase the insulation ability of insulation material;Glass fibre can strengthen guarantor Insulating properties, heat resistance and the corrosion resistance of adiabator;Titanium boride can increase corrosion-resistant, the heat-resisting ability of insulation material;Nanometer Silica can also improve heat-resisting ability;
(3), triethanolamine be curing agent, dibutyl tin laurate is catalyst, and the addition of auxiliary agent can effectively improve insulation The performance and processing stability of material;
(4), the various raw materials of the present invention correspond to the mixing of ratio, be effective to ensure that the wearability, high temperature resistant, corrosion resistant of insulation material Erosion ability, there is preferably mechanical strength, the service life length of insulation material;Preparation method will effectively can fill between each raw material Divide mixing.
Embodiment
Invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material of the present embodiment, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
60 parts of '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, 16 parts of Kynoar, 11 parts of ceramic hollow microballon, 14 parts of alumina silicate fibre, glass 8 parts of glass fiber, 5 parts of titanium boride, 6 parts of nano silicon, 50 parts of polyglycol ether, 1 part of glycerine, 1 part of triethanolamine, two bays Sour 1 part of dibutyl tin, 2 parts of foaming agent, 1 part of foam stabilizer, 4 parts of phosphorus flame retardant, 0.4 part of ultra-violet absorber.
In the present embodiment, the length of aluminium silicate fiber peacekeeping glass fibre is 0.1mm, a diameter of 0.05mm.
In the present embodiment, foaming agent is pentane, n-hexane, normal heptane, petroleum ether, Arcton 11, dichlorodifluoro first The mixture of alkane, dichlorotetra-fluoroethane.
In the present embodiment, foam stabilizer is organic silicon modified by polyether oxygen alkane.
In the present embodiment, phosphorus flame retardant is red phosphorus, APP, phosphorus ammonium, the mixture of tricresyl phosphate.
In the present embodiment, ultra-violet absorber is salicyl ester phenyl ester, ultra-violet absorber UV-O, ultra-violet absorber UV- 9th, the mixture of ultraviolet absorbent UV-531.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material, including following Step:
(1), by above-mentioned parts by weight weigh various raw materials;
(2), by ceramic hollow microballon, alumina silicate fibre, glass fibre, titanium boride, nano silicon, glycerine, triethanolamine, Dibutyl tin laurate, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, phosphorus flame retardant and appropriate water are added in mixer and stirred, and obtain To compound;
(3), by step(2)In compound, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, polyglycol ether, Kynoar, ultraviolet inhale Receive agent to be added in forming machine, extrusion forming.
Wherein,
Step(2)The mixing speed of middle mixer is 400r/min.
Step(2)Described in the weight ratio of appropriate water and the compound be 1:4.
Embodiment 2
A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material of the present embodiment, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
65 parts of '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, 18 parts of Kynoar, 13 parts of ceramic hollow microballon, 15 parts of alumina silicate fibre, glass 10 parts of glass fiber, 7 parts of titanium boride, 8 parts of nano silicon, 53 parts of polyglycol ether, 3 parts of glycerine, 2 parts of triethanolamine, February 1.5 parts of dilaurylate, 3 parts of foaming agent, 2 parts of foam stabilizer, 5 parts of phosphorus flame retardant, 0.7 part of ultra-violet absorber.
In the present embodiment, the length of aluminium silicate fiber peacekeeping glass fibre is 0.2mm, a diameter of 0.06mm.
In the present embodiment, foaming agent is pentane, n-hexane, normal heptane, petroleum ether, Arcton 11, dichlorodifluoro first The mixture of alkane, dichlorotetra-fluoroethane.
In the present embodiment, foam stabilizer is organic silicon modified by polyether oxygen alkane.
In the present embodiment, phosphorus flame retardant is red phosphorus, APP, phosphorus ammonium, the mixture of tricresyl phosphate.
In the present embodiment, ultra-violet absorber is salicyl ester phenyl ester, ultra-violet absorber UV-O, ultra-violet absorber UV- 9th, the mixture of ultraviolet absorbent UV-531.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material, including following Step:
(1), by above-mentioned parts by weight weigh various raw materials;
(2), by ceramic hollow microballon, alumina silicate fibre, glass fibre, titanium boride, nano silicon, glycerine, triethanolamine, Dibutyl tin laurate, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, phosphorus flame retardant and appropriate water are added in mixer and stirred, and obtain To compound;
(3), by step(2)In compound, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, polyglycol ether, Kynoar, ultraviolet inhale Receive agent to be added in forming machine, extrusion forming.
Wherein,
Step(2)The mixing speed of middle mixer is 450r/min.
Step(2)Described in the weight ratio of appropriate water and the compound be 1:4.
Embodiment 3
A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material of the present embodiment, include the raw material of following parts by weight:
70 parts of '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, 20 parts of Kynoar, 15 parts of ceramic hollow microballon, 16 parts of alumina silicate fibre, glass 11 parts of glass fiber, 9 parts of titanium boride, 10 parts of nano silicon, 55 parts of polyglycol ether, 4 parts of glycerine, 3 parts of triethanolamine, February 2 parts of dilaurylate, 4 parts of foaming agent, 3 parts of foam stabilizer, 6 parts of phosphorus flame retardant, 1 part of ultra-violet absorber.
In the present embodiment, the length of aluminium silicate fiber peacekeeping glass fibre is 0.3mm, a diameter of 0.07mm.
In the present embodiment, foaming agent is pentane, n-hexane, normal heptane, petroleum ether, Arcton 11, dichlorodifluoro first The mixture of alkane, dichlorotetra-fluoroethane.
In the present embodiment, foam stabilizer is organic silicon modified by polyether oxygen alkane.
In the present embodiment, phosphorus flame retardant is red phosphorus, APP, phosphorus ammonium, the mixture of tricresyl phosphate.
In the present embodiment, ultra-violet absorber is salicyl ester phenyl ester, ultra-violet absorber UV-O, ultra-violet absorber UV- 9th, the mixture of ultraviolet absorbent UV-531.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material, including following Step:
(1), by above-mentioned parts by weight weigh various raw materials;
(2), by ceramic hollow microballon, alumina silicate fibre, glass fibre, titanium boride, nano silicon, glycerine, triethanolamine, Dibutyl tin laurate, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, phosphorus flame retardant and appropriate water are added in mixer and stirred, and obtain To compound;
(3), by step(2)In compound, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, polyglycol ether, Kynoar, ultraviolet inhale Receive agent to be added in forming machine, extrusion forming.
Wherein,
Step(2)The mixing speed of middle mixer is 500r/min.
Step(2)Described in the weight ratio of appropriate water and the compound be 1:4.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited merely to above-mentioned implementation Example, all technical schemes belonged under thinking of the present invention belong to protection scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the art Those of ordinary skill for, some improvements and modifications without departing from the principles of the present invention, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material, it is characterised in that:Include the raw material of following parts by weight:
    '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate 60-70 parts, Kynoar 16-20 parts, ceramic hollow microballon 11-15 parts, aluminium silicate fiber Tie up 14-16 parts, glass fibre 8-11 parts, titanium boride 5-9 parts, nano silicon 6-10 parts, polyglycol ether 50-55 parts, sweet Oily 1-4 parts, triethanolamine 1-3 parts, dibutyl tin laurate 1-2 parts, foaming agent 2-4 parts, foam stabilizer 1-3 parts, phosphorous flame-retardant Agent 4-6 parts, ultra-violet absorber 0.4-1 parts.
  2. 2. polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Alumina silicate fibre Length with glass fibre is 0.1-0.3mm, a diameter of 0.05-0.07mm.
  3. 3. polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Foaming agent is just Pentane, n-hexane, normal heptane, petroleum ether, Arcton 11, dicholorodifluoromethane, one kind of dichlorotetra-fluoroethane or two kinds with On mixture.
  4. 4. polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Foam stabilizer is poly- Ether azo polyether polyeste.
  5. 5. polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Phosphorus flame retardant For red phosphorus, APP, phosphorus ammonium, tricresyl phosphate one or two or more kinds of mixtures.
  6. 6. polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Ultraviolet radiation absorption Agent is salicyl ester phenyl ester, ultra-violet absorber UV-O, ultra-violet absorber UV-9, one kind of ultraviolet absorbent UV-531 or two The mixture of the kind above.
  7. A kind of 7. preparation side of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 1-6 any one Method, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
    (1), by above-mentioned parts by weight weigh various raw materials;
    (2), by ceramic hollow microballon, alumina silicate fibre, glass fibre, titanium boride, nano silicon, glycerine, triethanolamine, Dibutyl tin laurate, foaming agent, foam stabilizer, phosphorus flame retardant and appropriate water are added in mixer and stirred, and obtain To compound;
    (3), by step(2)In compound, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, polyglycol ether, Kynoar, ultraviolet inhale Receive agent to be added in forming machine, extrusion forming.
  8. 8. the preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: Step(2)The mixing speed of middle mixer is 400-500r/min.
  9. 9. the preparation method of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: Step(2)Described in the weight ratio of appropriate water and the compound be 1:4.
CN201710589018.3A 2017-07-19 2017-07-19 A kind of polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall fireproof heat-insulating material and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN107353629A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108440949A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-08-24 广西吉顺能源科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of hard polyurethane foam heat insulating energy saving material
CN110818877A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-02-21 刘勇 PEEK-nanometer SiO2Composite doped polyurethane foam buoyancy material
CN111849149A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-10-30 宁波耀众模塑科技有限公司 High-filling reinforced composite material for polyurethane foaming product

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CN101487299A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-22 夏良强 Production method for multifunctional rigid foam polyurethane composite heat-conservation board
CN103664111A (en) * 2012-09-11 2014-03-26 陕西众晟建设投资管理有限公司 Method for producing fireproof and dampproof interior wall heat insulating material
CN105348748A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-24 苏州书瑞环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly type building insulation sheet material and preparation method thereof
CN106497020A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-03-15 合肥广能新材料科技有限公司 Polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall thermal insulation material of high fire-retardance and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101487299A (en) * 2009-01-19 2009-07-22 夏良强 Production method for multifunctional rigid foam polyurethane composite heat-conservation board
CN103664111A (en) * 2012-09-11 2014-03-26 陕西众晟建设投资管理有限公司 Method for producing fireproof and dampproof interior wall heat insulating material
CN105348748A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-24 苏州书瑞环保科技有限公司 Environment-friendly type building insulation sheet material and preparation method thereof
CN106497020A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-03-15 合肥广能新材料科技有限公司 Polyurethane rigid foam exterior wall thermal insulation material of high fire-retardance and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108440949A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-08-24 广西吉顺能源科技有限公司 A kind of preparation method of hard polyurethane foam heat insulating energy saving material
CN110818877A (en) * 2019-10-16 2020-02-21 刘勇 PEEK-nanometer SiO2Composite doped polyurethane foam buoyancy material
CN111849149A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-10-30 宁波耀众模塑科技有限公司 High-filling reinforced composite material for polyurethane foaming product

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Application publication date: 20171117