CN107350490A - A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading - Google Patents

A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107350490A
CN107350490A CN201710705729.2A CN201710705729A CN107350490A CN 107350490 A CN107350490 A CN 107350490A CN 201710705729 A CN201710705729 A CN 201710705729A CN 107350490 A CN107350490 A CN 107350490A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
numerical control
sliding
loading
unloading
thin space
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Pending
Application number
CN201710705729.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林志贺
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林志贺
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Application filed by 林志贺 filed Critical 林志贺
Priority to CN201710705729.2A priority Critical patent/CN107350490A/en
Publication of CN107350490A publication Critical patent/CN107350490A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B13/00Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock
    • B23B13/04Arrangements for automatically conveying or chucking or guiding stock for turning-machines with a plurality of working-spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B9/00Automatic or semi-automatic turning-machines with a plurality of working-spindles, e.g. automatic multiple-spindle machines with spindles arranged in a drum carrier able to be moved into predetermined positions; Equipment therefor
    • B23B9/08Automatic or semi-automatic machines for turning of workpieces

Abstract

A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading, it is mainly made up of main axle unit, X to nc sliding table, Z-direction nc sliding table, numerical control turret, it is characterised in that:Main axle unit is arranged on the slide plate of Z-direction nc sliding table, and X is on the horizontal support being arranged on of nc sliding table, and X is perpendicular to the guide rail of nc sliding table and operation face direction;The vertical fixation of Z-direction nc sliding table or disjunctor are arranged on X on the slide seat body of nc sliding table;Numerical control turret is arranged on X on the slide plate of nc sliding table, and the axis of rotation of numerical control turret is parallel with the guide rail of X to nc sliding table, the operating surface of the cutterhead of numerical control turret towards worker;Numerical control turret relative main unit is in it and just descends rear;The positive inferoanterior of main axle unit is provided with the feeding workbench that can be automatically moved to and leave below main axle unit;The equipment operation spaces compact, it is easy to combination and loading and unloading convenience, is a kind of lathe processing equipment of economical and efficient.

Description

A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of numerically controlled lathe, especially a kind of inverted digital control lathe.
Background technology
With the development and development of national equipment manufacture, main product of the Digit Control Machine Tool as machine tool industry, it has also become Realize the key equipment of equipment manufacture modernization.Conventional numerically controlled lathe floor space is big, to walk during worker's multi-machine operation More distance, so as to increase the labor intensity of worker, influence operating efficiency;In addition with the deflation of land resource, processing space The cost more and more higher on ground, thus wish equipment can more compact, so as to improve the plot ratio in workshop, reduce management into This.Handstand car on the market is all that main axle unit is arranged on X to the cross slid platform combined with Z-direction at present, although so blocking Disk can carry out picking and placeing material, but its board space is big, is unfavorable for more main shaft tied portion offices;Additionally, due to handstand lathe main shaft court Under, so artificial Manual feeding is relative than Li Che or sleeping carriage not smoothly, and the efficiency of loading and unloading is lower, thus it enters preferably with machinery Row automatic loading/unloading.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of operating space it is compact, be easy to combination and the convenient numerical control of loading and unloading it is inverted Lathe.
In order to reach above-mentioned goal of the invention, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:It mainly from main axle unit, X to Nc sliding table, Z-direction nc sliding table, numerical control turret composition, it is characterised in that:Main axle unit is arranged on Z-direction nc sliding table On slide plate, X is on the horizontal support being arranged on of nc sliding table, and X is in operation face direction to the guide rail of nc sliding table Vertically;The vertical fixation of Z-direction nc sliding table or disjunctor are arranged on X on the slide seat body of nc sliding table;Numerical control turret is arranged on X To on the slide plate of nc sliding table, the axis of rotation of numerical control turret is parallel with the guide rail of X to nc sliding table, numerical control turret knife Operating surface of the cutterhead of frame towards worker;Numerical control turret relative main unit is in it and just descends rear;Main axle unit just under Front is provided with the feeding workbench that can be automatically moved to and leave below main axle unit, because main axle unit can be transported up and down Dynamic, the chuck on main axle unit can freely press from both sides loose workpiece, therefore the charging and discharging mechanism of the machine need to be only with feeding function Can, it preferably uses power slide and panoramic table structure, can be moved to during loading and unloading and pick material backed off after random below main shaft and do not influence Main axle unit and numerical control turret work;Mechanism of the invention preferably above and below swinging, it is short with respect to operating surface stretching, just Blade on to numerical control turret changes.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, described feeding workbench is panoramic table, is installed on panoramic table There is a positioning disk of loading and unloading workpiece, the rotary disk on panoramic table cuts away one piece to facilitate main axle unit and numerical control turret to carry out Machining;The rotary motive power of panoramic table can be added by numerical-control motor acceleration and deceleration device, common electric machine cam mechanism, it is pneumatic, surge To realize, it, which is turned round when positioning is main to be met below each rotating spindle in feeding workpiece position, accurate positioning precision, its Its following material position, artificial its rotating accuracy of material position up and down does not influence loading and unloading almost when going to front;The preferred numerical control of the present invention The mode of motor acceleration and deceleration device drives panoramic table, and so easy to adjust, revolution is flexibly, precision is high, indexing is fast.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal, described feeding workbench is power slide, the power slide Using screw mandrel motor can be added to be driven, it is also possible to which cylinder is driven, preferred two line slideways of the invention and a rod-free cylinder group Into slide unit structure.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It is 1. of the invention because X is arranged on to nc sliding table and numerical control turret and worker On the perpendicular direction in operating surface direction, the favourable space for shortening operating surface of the structure, so as to compact beneficial to multigroup lathe Tied portion office, in addition structure X be arranged on board rear portion to the running part such as the servomotor of nc sliding table and screw rodb base, so Be advantageous to the maintenance in later stage;2. handstand car owner's axle unit of the present invention is only installed at Z-direction motion, its car that stands upside down on the market relatively Main axle unit XZ is much better than to that can move rigidity;3. because numerical control turret is horizontal installation, it falls in knife after processing Iron filings on frame easily drop totally in saddle rotation;4. the positive inferoanterior of main axle unit of the present invention is provided with charging & discharging machine Structure, such worker's loading and unloading can save the stand-by period in advance of worker's feeding with regard to very convenient, during worker's loading and unloading without Go to press from both sides loose chuck, so as to greatly improve operating efficiency;5. charging and discharging mechanism, which uses, turns round mesa structure, its economy simple in construction, And it is easy for installation, blade exchange is not influenceed also, and its easy to adjust, revolution is flexibly in addition, positioning precision is high, indexing is fast.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is after the completion of the present invention embodies loading and unloading, to be ready for material position state during processing.
Fig. 3 is the material position state when present invention embodies loading and unloading.
Fig. 4 is the structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the present invention uses slide unit feed mechanism.
In figure:1 is main axle unit, and 2 be that X to nc sliding table, 3 is Z-direction nc sliding table, and 4 be numerical control turret, and 5 be machine Seat, 6 be operation face, and 7 be slide seat bodies of the X to nc sliding table, and 8 be slide plates of the X to nc sliding table, and 9 be X to nc sliding table Guide rail, 10 be feeding workbench, and 11 be the rotary disk of panoramic table, and 12 be positioning disk, and 13 be servomotor, and 14 be worm gear reducer Device, 15 be installing plate, and 16 be the column of Z-direction nc sliding table, and 17 be upper flat plate, and 18 be lower flat board, and 19 be auxiliary support, and 20 be straight Line guide rail, 21 be automatically-controlled door.
Embodiment
Shown in reference picture 1,2,3,4, by the way of two groups arranged side by side, its every group is fallen the inverted digital control lathe of the present embodiment Vertical lathe is mainly made up of main axle unit 1, X to nc sliding table 2, Z-direction nc sliding table 3, numerical control turret 4, and its feature exists In:Main axle unit 1 is arranged on the slide plate of Z-direction nc sliding table 3, and X is on the horizontal support 5 being arranged on of nc sliding table 2, and X It is perpendicular to the guide rail and the direction of operation face 6 of nc sliding table 2;The vertical X that is fixedly mounted on of Z-direction nc sliding table 3 is slided to numerical control On the slide seat body 7 of platform;Numerical control turret 4 is arranged on X on the slide plate 8 of nc sliding table, the axis of rotation of numerical control turret 4 It is parallel with the guide rail 9 of X to nc sliding table, the operating surface 6 of the cutterhead of numerical control turret 4 towards worker;Numerical control turret 4 Relative main unit 1 is in it and just descends rear;1 positive inferoanterior of main axle unit, which is provided with, can be automatically moved to and leave main axle unit The feeding workbench 10 of 1 lower section.
Shown in reference picture 2,3, the feeding workbench of the present embodiment is panoramic table, is provided with the rotary disk 11 of panoramic table The positioning disk 12 of loading and unloading workpiece, the rotary disk 11 on panoramic table cut away one piece to facilitate main axle unit 1 and numerical control turret 4 Carry out machining;The rotary motive power of panoramic table can be realized that worm gear subtracts by numerical control servo motor 13 plus worm reducer 14 Fast device is fixedly mounted on support 5 by one piece of installing plate 15., can be on the positioning disk 12 of feeding when end face required precision is high Fill elastic support or support plate.
Shown in reference picture 4, the column 16 of the Z-direction nc sliding table of two groups of lathes is connected as a single entity in the present embodiment, this Sample is advantageous to mutually support and improves rigidity;Slided in addition for convenience of manufacture with being assembled in the column 16 and X of Z-direction nc sliding table to numerical control Increase by one block of upper flat plate 17 between the slide seat body 7 of platform and carry out cooperation assembling, increase between slide seat bodies 7 and base 5 of the X to nc sliding table One piece of lower flat board 18 carries out cooperation assembling;For enhancing rigidity of support, also increase has an auxiliary between upper flat plate 17 and lower flat board 18 Bearing 19.
Shown in reference picture 5, the present embodiment charging and discharging mechanism is to use slide unit structure, and the slide unit can use two line slideways 20 and rod-free cylinder composition;The economy simple in construction, but it stretches out operating surface and a little grown, and outward appearance is not good enough;The structure be through The first choice of Ji user.An automatically-controlled door 21 is also labeled with other Fig. 4, the door is upper and lower opening structure, so as to facilitate side to process Worker side carries out loading and unloading.
The specific embodiment of the present invention is the foregoing is only, but the architectural feature of the present invention is not limited thereto, Ren Heben The technical staff in field, the change made in the field of the invention or modification are all covered among the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading, it is mainly from main axle unit, X to nc sliding table, Z-direction number Control slide unit, numerical control turret composition, it is characterised in that:Main axle unit is arranged on the slide plate of Z-direction nc sliding table, and X is to numerical control On the horizontal support being arranged on of slide unit, and X is perpendicular to the guide rail of nc sliding table and operation face direction;Z-direction numerical control is slided The vertical fixation of platform or disjunctor are arranged on X on the slide seat body of nc sliding table;Numerical control turret is arranged on cunnings of the X to nc sliding table On plate, the axis of rotation of numerical control turret is parallel with the guide rail of X to nc sliding table, and the cutterhead of numerical control turret is towards work The operating surface of people;Numerical control turret relative main unit is in it and just descends rear;The positive inferoanterior of main axle unit is provided with can be certainly The dynamic feeding workbench being moved to and leave below main axle unit.
2. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described connects Feeding workbench is panoramic table.
3. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described returns The positioning disk of loading and unloading workpiece is installed, the rotary disk on panoramic table cuts away one piece to facilitate main axle unit and digital control rotating on turntable Tower knife rest carries out machining;The rotary motive power of panoramic table can be added by numerical-control motor acceleration and deceleration device, common electric machine cam mechanism, Pneumatically, surge to realize.
4. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described connects Feeding workbench is power slide.
5. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Described is dynamic Power slide unit is mainly made up of two line slideways and a rod-free cylinder.
6. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described returns The rotary motive power of turntable can be added worm reducer to realize by numerical control servo motor.
7. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described determines Elastic support or support plate are filled on the disk of position.
8. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described Z Column and X to nc sliding table carry out cooperation assembling to one block of upper flat plate of increase between the slide seat body of nc sliding table, are slided in X to numerical control Increase by one piece of lower flat board between the slide seat body and base of platform and carry out cooperation assembling.
9. the convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Described is upper Also increase has an auxiliary support between flat board and lower flat board.
CN201710705729.2A 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading Pending CN107350490A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710705729.2A CN107350490A (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710705729.2A CN107350490A (en) 2017-08-17 2017-08-17 A kind of convenient thin space numerical control inverted vertical lathe of loading and unloading

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107350490A true CN107350490A (en) 2017-11-17

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109822111A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-05-31 林志贺 A kind of thin space horizontal multi-spindle numerical control lathe
CN110280788A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-27 包头职业技术学院 A kind of more main spindle numerical control vertical lathes of thin space

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109822111A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-05-31 林志贺 A kind of thin space horizontal multi-spindle numerical control lathe
CN110280788A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-09-27 包头职业技术学院 A kind of more main spindle numerical control vertical lathes of thin space

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