CN107347591A - A kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system - Google Patents

A kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107347591A
CN107347591A CN201710644924.9A CN201710644924A CN107347591A CN 107347591 A CN107347591 A CN 107347591A CN 201710644924 A CN201710644924 A CN 201710644924A CN 107347591 A CN107347591 A CN 107347591A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature
greenbelt
ecological garden
water
urban landscape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710644924.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
党伟
李凯歌
雷亮
李彩艳
陈若曦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan University of Urban Construction
Original Assignee
Henan University of Urban Construction
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan University of Urban Construction filed Critical Henan University of Urban Construction
Priority to CN201710644924.9A priority Critical patent/CN107347591A/en
Publication of CN107347591A publication Critical patent/CN107347591A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • A01G25/023Dispensing fittings for drip irrigation, e.g. drippers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • E03F1/002Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water with disposal into the ground, e.g. via dry wells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention particularly discloses a kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system, the greenbelt of road network side including city road network or ecological garden and the green vegetation for the building roof being grown in urban landscape or ecological garden, the greenbelt of road network side is provided with gutter below ground, the bottom in gutter opens up the water filling port of oriented greenbelt below ground water filling, water filling port connects with being embedded in the infiltration pipe network of greenbelt below ground, unnecessary storm outfall sewer is offered in the upper end side wall in gutter, unnecessary storm outfall sewer connects with sewerage system;Building roof is provided with green plants plantation layer, and green vegetation is planted on green plants plantation layer;Building roof is additionally provided with the sprinkler pipe network poured to green vegetation water spray.The present invention can make full use of rainwater to retain and conserve soil moisture the greenbelt of urban landscape or ecological garden, reduce greening water, save city water resource, while can also carry out landscape planting using building roof.

Description

A kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system
Technical field
The present invention relates to urban landscape or Ecological landscape field, more particularly to a kind of urban landscape or ecological garden are green Change system.
Background technology
Urban landscape, ecological garden greening be for people provide a good rest, entertainment, Our Nature, Meet the place of people's back to nature hope, be the important measures of urban life environment of preserving the ecological environment, improve.With the people The requirement more and more higher of growth in the living standard and people to environmental quality, it is also diversified to the afforestation requirement in city, The scale and content of existing landscape engineering are also increasing, and involved face is more and more extensive, but supporting required for it It is also more and more to grow with water, how to make full use of ecological garden build the vacant area in roof and city afforested and How rational using water wisely is carried out to urban landscape, ecological garden greening, be an important class in construction of city afforestation Topic;Meanwhile build ecological afforestation city and utilize natural resources it is necessary to maximum possible, establish a kind of low power consuming, high production, economy The society of type, economizing type, form a kind of sustainable development, benign, harmonious co-existence between man and nature modern livable ecological city City's environment.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome above-mentioned problems of the prior art, there is provided a kind of urban landscape or ecological garden Greening system.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system, including city road network or ecology The greenbelt 1 of the road network side in gardens and the green vegetation for the building roof being grown in urban landscape or ecological garden, The lower section of ground 2 of the greenbelt 1 of the road network side is provided with gutter 3, and the bottom in the gutter 3 opens up oriented greenbelt 1 The water filling port 5 of below ground water filling, the water filling port 5 connects with being embedded in the infiltration pipe network 4 of greenbelt 1 below ground, described Gutter 3 is also connected with the rainwater inflow entrance 7 on urban ground, and unnecessary rainwater is offered in the upper end side wall in gutter 3 Outlet 6, the unnecessary storm outfall sewer 6 connect with sewerage system;The building roof is planted provided with green plants Layer, green vegetation are planted on green plants plantation layer;Building roof is additionally provided with to spray water to the green vegetation and poured Sprinkler pipe network, the sprinkler pipe network includes multiple shower heads, and each shower head is arranged at the not same district of the building roof Domain, each shower head are connected by a magnetic valve 11 with the sprinkler pipe network system, and the sprinkler pipe network system supplies with municipal administration Water system connects;A Temperature Humidity Sensor 12, the magnetic valve 11 and temperature and humidity sensing are also correspondingly provided with each shower head Device 12 is connected with the signal of microprocessor 10 respectively, the microprocessor 10 and the solar powered dress being set up on building roof Put 8 electrical connections;The solar power supply apparatus 8 also electrically connects with building lighting system 9;The Temperature Humidity Sensor 12 is used for The humiture in the green plants plantation layer of its region is detected in real time, and detected temperature and humidity value is sent in real time The microprocessor 10;The microprocessor 10 is used for the Temperature Humidity Sensor 12 of the regional of real-time reception building roof The temperature and humidity value sent, and received each temperature and humidity value is compared in real time with humiture arranges value, when being received To some region temperature and humidity value in temperature value be higher than temperature value or received warm and humid in humiture arranges value When humidity value in angle value is less than the humidity value in humiture arranges value, the control of microprocessor 10 corresponds to affiliated area temperature The magnetic valve 11 of humidity sensor 12 turns on so that green vegetation of the shower head corresponding with the magnetic valve 11 to affiliated area Water spray pours, until the temperature and humidity value detected by the Temperature Humidity Sensor 12 of affiliated area reaches below humiture arranges value When difference exceeds set difference range, microprocessor 10 controls the magnetic valve 11 in the region to close, and stops to affiliated area The green vegetation water spray in domain pours.
The green plants plantation layer includes fluid-tight rubber substrate and the planting soil layer being layed on rubber substrate, The drainpipe positioned at green plants plantation layer edge is provided between the rubber substrate and planting soil layer, the drainpipe is used for will Unnecessary rainwater or irrigation water excludes.
Solid native barrier is provided with the planting soil layer, consolidate the barrier side wall of native barrier is provided with some permeable through holes.
The solar power supply apparatus 8 includes solar panel and the battery with solar panel electrical connection, The battery electrically connects with the microprocessor 10 and building lighting system 9 respectively.
The microprocessor is MSP430 single-chip microcomputers or model OMRON CP1E-N20DR-D PLC.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:A kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system are provided in the embodiment of the present invention, Rainwater can be made full use of to retain and conserve soil moisture the greenbelt of urban landscape or ecological garden, its rain that pipe network is formed that seeps water Water penetration system, the effect that rainwater is led to the soil layer for penetrating into greenbelt below ground can be realized well, improves greenbelt The reservoir storage of soil layer, obvious action is also played to the water replenishment in greenbelt soil, reduce greening water, saved City water resource.Vegetation is planted by the building roof in urban landscape or ecological garden, is not only able to play Greening functions The effect that roof conducts conduction of cold and summer heat in winter can also be exempted, pass through the automatic confession to roof greening vegetation Water system can carry out reasonable water supply to roof greening vegetation, save water resource to greatest extent, while supply by solar energy The clean energy resource that electric installation is provided can provide electric energy to automatic water supply system and building lighting system.
Brief description of the drawings
Greenbelts and its infiltration pipe network structure signal of the Fig. 1 for the road network side of city road network or ecological garden of the invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is the building roof sprinkler pipe network electrical system block diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below, it is to be understood that protection scope of the present invention Do not limited by embodiment.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system, including city The greenbelt 1 of the road network side of road network or ecological garden and the building roof that is grown in urban landscape or ecological garden Green vegetation, the lower section of ground 2 of the greenbelt 1 of the road network side are provided with gutter 3, and the bottom in the gutter 3 offers To the water filling port 5 of the below ground water filling of greenbelt 1, the water filling port 5 is with being embedded in the infiltration pipe network 4 of greenbelt 1 below ground Connection, the gutter 3 also connects with the rainwater inflow entrance 7 on urban ground, offered in the upper end side wall in gutter 3 Unnecessary storm outfall sewer 6, the unnecessary storm outfall sewer 6 connect with sewerage system;The building roof is provided with green Planting layer, green vegetation are planted on green plants plantation layer;Building roof is additionally provided with to the green vegetation The sprinkler pipe network that water spray pours, the sprinkler pipe network include multiple shower heads, and each shower head is arranged at the building roof Different zones, each shower head is connected by a magnetic valve 11 with the sprinkler pipe network system, the sprinkler pipe network system It is connected with municipal water supplies;A Temperature Humidity Sensor 12, the magnetic valve 11 and temperature are also correspondingly provided with each shower head Humidity sensor 12 is connected with the signal of microprocessor 10 respectively, the microprocessor 10 and the sun being set up on building roof Energy electric supply installation 8 electrically connects;The solar power supply apparatus 8 also electrically connects with building lighting system 9;The temperature and humidity sensing Device 12 is used to detect the humiture in the green plants plantation layer of its region in real time, and detected temperature and humidity value is real When be sent to the microprocessor 10;The microprocessor 10 is used for the humiture of the regional of real-time reception building roof The temperature and humidity value that sensor 12 is sent, and received each temperature and humidity value is compared in real time with humiture arranges value, When the temperature value in the temperature and humidity value in some received region is higher than the temperature value in humiture arranges value or is received To temperature and humidity value in humidity value be less than the humidity value in humiture arranges value when, the microprocessor 10 control corresponds to institute The magnetic valve 11 of category region Temperature Humidity Sensor 12 turns on so that the shower head corresponding with the magnetic valve 11 is to affiliated area Green vegetation water spray pours, until the temperature and humidity value detected by the Temperature Humidity Sensor 12 of affiliated area reaches humiture setting When being worth following difference and exceeding set difference range, microprocessor 10 controls the magnetic valve 11 in the region to close, and stops Spray water and pour to the green vegetation of affiliated area.
The green plants plantation layer includes fluid-tight rubber substrate and the planting soil layer being layed on rubber substrate, The drainpipe positioned at green plants plantation layer edge is provided between the rubber substrate and planting soil layer, the drainpipe is used for will Unnecessary rainwater or irrigation water excludes.
Solid native barrier is provided with the planting soil layer, consolidate the barrier side wall of native barrier is provided with some permeable through holes.
The solar power supply apparatus 8 includes solar panel and the battery with solar panel electrical connection, The battery electrically connects with the microprocessor 10 and building lighting system 9 respectively.
The microprocessor is MSP430 single-chip microcomputers or model OMRON CP1E-N20DR-D PLC.
In summary, a kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system are provided in the embodiment of the present invention, can be abundant The greenbelt of urban landscape or ecological garden is retained and conserved soil moisture using rainwater, its rain penetration system that pipe network is formed that seeps water System, the effect that rainwater is led to the soil layer for penetrating into greenbelt below ground can be realized well, improve the storage of greenbelt soil layer Water, obvious action is also played to the water replenishment in greenbelt soil, reduces greening water, has saved municipal water money Source.Vegetation is planted by the building roof in urban landscape or ecological garden, being not only able to play Greening functions to exempt from Except roof conducts in winter the effect of conduction of cold and summer heat, pass through the automatic water supply system energy to roof greening vegetation It is enough that reasonable water supply is carried out to roof greening vegetation, water resource has been saved to greatest extent, while passes through solar power supply apparatus institute The clean energy resource of offer can provide electric energy to automatic water supply system and building lighting system.
Disclosed above is only several specific embodiments of the present invention, and still, the embodiment of the present invention is not limited to this, is appointed What what those skilled in the art can think change should all fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system, include the greenbelt of the road network side of city road network or ecological garden (1) and the green vegetation of building roof that is grown in urban landscape or ecological garden, it is characterised in that the road network side Gutter (3) are provided with below the ground (2) of the greenbelt (1) on side, the bottom of the gutter (3) opens up oriented greenbelt (1) The water filling port (5) of below ground water filling, the water filling port (5) is with being embedded in the infiltration pipe network (4) of greenbelt (1) below ground even Logical, the gutter (3) also connects with the rainwater inflow entrance (7) on urban ground, is opened in the upper end side wall of gutter (3) Provided with unnecessary storm outfall sewer (6), the unnecessary storm outfall sewer (6) connects with sewerage system;
The building roof is provided with green plants plantation layer, and green vegetation is planted on green plants plantation layer;Building Thing roof is additionally provided with the sprinkler pipe network poured to green vegetation water spray, and the sprinkler pipe network includes multiple shower heads, each Shower head is arranged at the different zones of the building roof, and each shower head passes through a magnetic valve (11) and the spray irrigation pipe Net system is connected, and the sprinkler pipe network system is connected with municipal water supplies;A humiture is also correspondingly provided with each shower head Sensor (12), the magnetic valve (11) and Temperature Humidity Sensor (12) are connected with microprocessor (10) signal respectively, described Microprocessor (10) electrically connects with the solar power supply apparatus (8) being set up on building roof;The solar power supply apparatus (8) also electrically connected with building lighting system (9);
The Temperature Humidity Sensor (12) is used to detect the humiture in the green plants plantation layer of its region in real time, and will Detected temperature and humidity value is sent to the microprocessor (10) in real time;The microprocessor (10) is built for real-time reception The temperature and humidity value that the Temperature Humidity Sensor (12) of the regional on thing roof is sent, and by received each temperature and humidity value with Humiture arranges value is compared in real time, when the temperature value in the temperature and humidity value in some received region is set higher than humiture When putting the humidity value that the temperature value in value or the humidity value in received temperature and humidity value are less than in humiture arranges value, institute The magnetic valve (11) that microprocessor (10) control is stated corresponding to affiliated area Temperature Humidity Sensor (12) turns on so that with the electromagnetism The corresponding shower head of valve (11) is sprayed water to the green vegetation of affiliated area and poured, until the Temperature Humidity Sensor of affiliated area (12) when the difference that the temperature and humidity value detected by reaches below humiture arranges value exceeds set difference range, microprocessor Device (10) controls the magnetic valve (11) in the region to close, and stops spraying water to the green vegetation of affiliated area and pours.
2. a kind of urban landscape as claimed in claim 1 or ecological garden greening system, it is characterised in that the green plants Plantation layer includes fluid-tight rubber substrate and the planting soil layer being layed on rubber substrate, the rubber substrate and planting soil The drainpipe positioned at green plants plantation layer edge is provided between layer, the drainpipe is used for unnecessary rainwater or irrigation water Exclude.
3. a kind of urban landscape as claimed in claim 2 or ecological garden greening system, it is characterised in that the planting soil layer In be provided with solid native barrier, consolidate the barrier side wall of native barrier is provided with some permeable through holes.
4. a kind of urban landscape as claimed in claim 1 or ecological garden greening system, it is characterised in that the solar energy supplies Electric installation (8) include solar panel and with solar panel electrical connection battery, the battery respectively with institute State microprocessor (10) and building lighting system (9) electrical connection.
5. a kind of urban landscape as claimed in claim 1 or ecological garden greening system, it is characterised in that the microprocessor It is MSP430 single-chip microcomputers or model OMRON CP1E-N20DR-D PLC.
CN201710644924.9A 2017-08-01 2017-08-01 A kind of urban landscape or ecological garden greening system Pending CN107347591A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108204027A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-06-26 河南科技学院 A kind of ecological green phytem system of Environments in Urban Open Spaces
CN109006380A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-18 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of photovoltaic intelligent irrigation system for Degraded Alpine meadow
CN109056894A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-21 许昌学院 A kind of gardens rainwater-collecting and ecological provisions protect system
CN111599261A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-08-28 河南城建学院 Urban runoff simulation system based on low-impact development
CN113383694A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-14 大荣建设集团有限公司 Afforestation retaining irrigation system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869045A (en) * 2010-06-01 2010-10-27 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Automatic rain-collecting water supply system for road greenbelts
CN103053355A (en) * 2012-12-07 2013-04-24 彭江波 Urban landscape or ecological garden greening system
DE202014105739U1 (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-02-03 Birco Gmbh The percolating trough element
CN105625502A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-06-01 长安大学 System for collecting, purifying and utilizing rainwater by using solar energy
CN106069638A (en) * 2016-08-06 2016-11-09 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of solar energy type roof greening water-saving irrigation system
CN106088305A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 苏州筑园景观规划设计股份有限公司 Greenery patches and construction method thereof with underground conservation pool
CN106639180A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-10 浙江水利水电学院 Rainwater collecting system for roof garden and construction method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869045A (en) * 2010-06-01 2010-10-27 中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 Automatic rain-collecting water supply system for road greenbelts
CN103053355A (en) * 2012-12-07 2013-04-24 彭江波 Urban landscape or ecological garden greening system
DE202014105739U1 (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-02-03 Birco Gmbh The percolating trough element
CN105625502A (en) * 2015-12-19 2016-06-01 长安大学 System for collecting, purifying and utilizing rainwater by using solar energy
CN106088305A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 苏州筑园景观规划设计股份有限公司 Greenery patches and construction method thereof with underground conservation pool
CN106069638A (en) * 2016-08-06 2016-11-09 深圳文科园林股份有限公司 A kind of solar energy type roof greening water-saving irrigation system
CN106639180A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-10 浙江水利水电学院 Rainwater collecting system for roof garden and construction method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108204027A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-06-26 河南科技学院 A kind of ecological green phytem system of Environments in Urban Open Spaces
CN109006380A (en) * 2018-07-12 2018-12-18 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 A kind of photovoltaic intelligent irrigation system for Degraded Alpine meadow
CN109056894A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-21 许昌学院 A kind of gardens rainwater-collecting and ecological provisions protect system
CN111599261A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-08-28 河南城建学院 Urban runoff simulation system based on low-impact development
CN113383694A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-14 大荣建设集团有限公司 Afforestation retaining irrigation system

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Application publication date: 20171117

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