CN107347287B - A kind of soil stabilizing apparatus and method of potting xylophyta - Google Patents

A kind of soil stabilizing apparatus and method of potting xylophyta Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107347287B
CN107347287B CN201710417773.3A CN201710417773A CN107347287B CN 107347287 B CN107347287 B CN 107347287B CN 201710417773 A CN201710417773 A CN 201710417773A CN 107347287 B CN107347287 B CN 107347287B
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
replacement
soil removal
handle
removal
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CN107347287A (en
Inventor
朱红华
孟伟
曲杨
龙忠伟
张雪
张雨
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Liaoning Vocational College of Ecological Engineering
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Liaoning Vocational College of Ecological Engineering
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B77/00Machines for lifting and treating soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/08Devices for filling-up flower-pots or pots for seedlings; Devices for setting plants or seeds in pots
    • A01G9/081Devices for filling-up pots

Abstract

The present invention is suitable for xylophyta technical field of cultivation, the soil stabilizing apparatus and method of a kind of potting xylophyta are provided, the device includes pedestal (1), upright bar (2), controller (3), blender (4), cutter (5), soil removal and replacement device (6) and lever mechanism (8), the device carries out radial cuts soil as supporting point using lever principle using soil sampler and cutter indentation soil and using the iron of support rod end, very laborsaving;Invention additionally provides the soil improvement methods of potting xylophyta, specific steps include the first round, the second wheel soil removal and replacement, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement and cutting soil, soil improvement method of the invention is not in the case where changing root system generally and native soil is in close contact, the soil removal and replacement of part is carried out, plant growth will not only be impacted, plant growth can be stimulated instead, avoided since soil removal and replacement transplanting causes the generation of xylophyta delayed growth or the phenomena of mortality.

Description

A kind of soil stabilizing apparatus and method of potting xylophyta
Technical field
The present invention relates to it is a kind of applied to laboratory, flower cellar and house indoor pot xylophyta soil stabilizing apparatus and Method belongs to xylophyta technical field of cultivation.
Background technique
House plant can beautify the environment, and make one to be in a cheerful frame of mind, cultivate one's taste;Air can be purified, in absorption chamber The toxic and harmful gas such as the formaldehyde that dust and finishing generate;Indoor air humidity and temperature can be adjusted by the transpiration of blade Degree;By photosynthesis absorbing carbon dioxide and oxygen can be released.Laboratory potted plant is not due to by extraneous natural gas The reason of waiting the influence of variation, and can control the factors such as temperature, humidity and illumination that experiment needs, potted plant experiment are to plant One important means of object scientific research.
But potted plant growth time is long, it may appear that growing way decline, blade lesion even withered phenomenon, this be by Root system respiration is influenced in pot soil hardening and then influences absorption and transport of the root system to moisture and minerals, and plant is gradually growing in addition In big process, the continual nutrient absorbed in basin soil, cause nutrient consumption in soil totally the reason of.Cause soil Hardened reason mainly has three aspects: one is fresh tap water watering is used for a long time, containing bleaching powder and chlorine in tap water Gas, these substances will cause pot soil hardening even salinization of soil, in addition calcium and magnesium ion content is high in tap water, and indoor basin is native Less than sun light direct beam, soil ion can only chemical combination cannot decompose, vicious circle cannot be inhaled and formed by causing soil granular that can only exhale It is hardened, it waters flowers in this case, more accelerates soil hardening speed, improve hardened intensity.The second is some root systems of plant It is very flourishing, can be deep-rooted in basin soil, lead to soil hardening;The third is the application of chemical fertilizer will also result in pot soil hardening.
Therefore, it is an important link for guaranteeing potted plant normal growth that it is good, which often to carry out basin land reform,.Common improvement Method is to carry out soil removal and replacement, and plant is taken out from flowerpot, new soil is re-replaced and is transplanted.But this soil removal and replacement method exists Many drawbacks:
(1) soil removal and replacement process is very laborious, since basin soil has been tightly combined with tub wall, needs to agitate junction with cutter, And hold and repeatedly shake the extraction that could exert oneself at plant ground diameter, especially for extra large size flowerpot and biggish xylophyta, need Want several personal resultant forces that could complete;
(2) soil removal and replacement injures plant stem-leaf very big, shakes and withdrawal process will cause injury to plant, be easy to cause Stem, branch and leaf destruction have to be by directly destroying the method for former flowerpot for plant sometimes for reducing damage to plant It is taken out from flowerpot, and purchases new flowerpot and cause increased costs of raising flowers;
(3) it is taken out with the plant of basin soil from flowerpot before transplant again, needs partly or entirely to remove around root system Then native soil is planted in again in new basin soil, and will lead to many root systems during this removal rhizosphere soil and fracture, Easily cause plant growth slow or dead;
As the saying goes " people moves work tree and moves extremely ", root are plant sheets, since plant leaf is in continuous water transpiration, need root It is very weak to absorb moisture ability using the new introduced plants root system of the method for soil removal and replacement, therefore will lead to for the continuous supply moisture of system Plant due to physiological drought and the speed of growth is slowly or even dead, especially for biggish xylophyta, be particularly easy to make It is dead at transplanting.
In addition to the method for soil removal and replacement, another common basin soil modification method is to carry out pine to basin soil surface using small scoop Soil.But this method can only loosen surface layer, the soil of deep layer Root Distribution layer can not but loosen, and can only treat the symptoms not control This, cannot thoroughly solve the problems, such as that pot soil hardening is hard, while the situation of soil depletion can not change.
It can be seen that there are clearly disadvantageous places for common basin soil modification method, and it is to guarantee that potting is planted that basin land reform is good One essential link of object normal growth, so needing one kind that can either effectively improve flowerpot soil can be avoided again To the soil stabilizing apparatus and method of the potting xylophyta that xylophyta damages.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve problem above, the present invention provides the soil stabilizing apparatus and method of a kind of potting xylophyta, passes through The soil environment of plant growth can be improved under the premise of mitigating and injuring to root system of plant using the device of the invention and method, So as to avoid the generation for causing xylophyta delayed growth or the phenomena of mortality due to soil removal and replacement transplanting.
The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta, including pedestal 1, upright bar 2, controller 3, blender 4, cutter 5, soil removal and replacement device 6 and lever mechanism, the upright bar 2 are vertically fixed on pedestal 1, and upright bar 2 is equipped with several screw holes 201, in upright bar 2 Controller 3, blender 4 and lever mechanism, installation cutter 5 or soil removal and replacement device 6 below lever mechanism are installed;
The controller 3 includes the first regulation handle 301, control panel fixing piece 302, control panel 303 and fixing clamp 7, institute It states the first regulation handle 301 to be movably mounted in upright bar 2 by fixing clamp 7, the end peace of first regulation handle 301 Control panel fixing piece 302 is filled, opens up the card slot of two square shapeds on the control panel fixing piece 302, respectively the of horizontal direction A pair of of card slot 3021 and second pair of card slot 3022 being tilted a certain angle, control panel 303 are mounted on first pair of card slot as needed 3021 or second pair of card slot 3022 in, the control panel ontology 3031 of the control panel 303 including rectangle, the control panel ontology 3031 are equipped with circular through hole 3032 and blade limited mouth 3033;
The blender 4 includes the second regulation handle 401, crank 402, L-type connecting rod 403 and stirring silk 404, and described the Two regulation handles 401 are movably mounted in the upright bar 2 of 3 top of controller by fixing clamp 7, second regulation handle 401 are equipped with circular hole 4011, and a cylindrical iron 4012, bottom end and the L-type connecting rod 403 of crank 402 are laterally fixed in end Top is welded and fixed, and the other end and the stirring silk 404 of L-type connecting rod 403 are welded and fixed, and the bottom end of stirring silk 404 sequentially passes through Circular hole 4011 and circular through hole 3032 hang naturally;
The lever mechanism includes lever 801, and transmission rod 802 installs card slot 803 and fixing clamp A804, the lever 801 Including body 8011 and it is mounted on the handle 8012 of 8011 end of body, the fixing clamp A804 includes hollow Cylindric fixing clamp ontology 8041, bolt 8042, the first otic placode 8043 and the second otic placode 8044, the bolt 8042 are mounted on On fixing clamp ontology 8041, the fixing clamp ontology 8041 is movably mounted at upright bar 2 by bolt 8042 and screw hole 201 On, the first otic placode 8043 and the second otic placode 8044 are additionally provided on the fixing clamp ontology 8041, before the body 801 End is hinged between the first otic placode 8043 and the second otic placode 8044, and the front end of the transmission rod 802 is equipped with the guiding of hollow square Sheath 8021, guiding sheath 8021 are slideably sleeved on 8011 periphery of body, make transmission rod 802 in body It is moved axially on 8011, the end of the transmission rod 802 is connect with installation card slot 803, and the installation card slot 803 includes top plate 8031, the two L-type side plates 8032 for being vertically fixed on 8031 two sides of top plate and being oppositely arranged are vertically mounted on the top plate 8031 The third otic placode 8034 and the 4th otic placode 8035 of top, the end of the transmission rod 802 be hinged on the third otic placode 8034 with Between 4th otic placode 8035;
The cutter 5 includes knife handle 501, blade 502 and opening 503, and the knife handle 501 includes the knife of rectangular shape Handle ontology 5011, what the top two sides of the knife handle ontology 5011 matched equipped with the bottom edge 8033 with the L-type side plate 8032 The groove 5012 of elongate in shape is movably mounted on installation card slot 803 above knife handle ontology 5011, institute by groove 5012 The opening 503 that knife handle ontology 5011 is equipped with rectangle is stated, the bottom end of the knife handle ontology 5011 and blade 502 are fixed;
The soil removal and replacement device 6 is double-layer sleeve structure, including inner sleeve 601 and outer sleeve 602, is hollow tubular, housing For 602 sets of cylinder outside inner sleeve 601, the top end opening two sides of the inner sleeve 601 and outer sleeve 602 extend outward to form the respectively A pair of of handle 603 and second handle 604, the outer sleeve 602 extend outwardly close to second pair of 604 end of handle equipped with protrusion Funnel-form is into native mouth 605.
Further, the fixing clamp 7 includes cylindrical sleeve 701, is sleeved in upright bar 2, and the cylindrical sleeve 701 is equipped with interior The section of empty square sleeve 702, first regulation handle 301 or the second regulation handle 401 be it is rectangular, can be horizontal through rectangular In set 702, elasticity bolt A703, first regulation handle 301 and the second regulation handle are equipped with above the square sleeve 702 401 are equipped with several screw hole A704, elasticity bolt A703 and several screw hole A704 Matching installations, for adjusting the first regulation handle 301 and second regulation handle 401 horizontal position, elasticity bolt B705 is additionally provided in the cylindrical sleeve 701, in upright bar 2 Several 201 Matching installations of screw hole, for adjusting the first regulation handle 301 and the second regulation handle 401 in the position of upright bar 2.
Further, the internal diameter of the inner sleeve 601 is 1.8cm, and the internal diameter of outer sleeve 602 is 2cm, and inner sleeve 601 compares Outer sleeve 602 is 1-2cm long.
Further, the hollow pipe 3034 that one height of installation is 2-3cm in the circular through hole 3032, for controlling soil removal and replacement The direction of the indentation soil of device 6.
Further, the control panel fixing piece 302 is hollow cylindrical configuration, first pair of card slot 3021 and second pair The shape of card slot 3022 matches with the control panel 303 being inserted respectively, first pair of card slot, the 3021 place plane and bottom 1 place plane of seat is parallel, and second pair of card slot, the 3022 place plane is with first couple of 3021 angled α of place plane institute of card slot 30 ° of angles.
Further, the cylindrical iron 4012 is equipped with the screw thread 4013 and fixed spiral shell that a segment length is 0.5-1cm Mother 4014, the end of iron 4012 pass through the opening 503 on knife handle 501, and be tightened nut 4014, prevents knife handle 501 from iron Bar 4012 falls off above.
Further, the width W of first pair of handle 6031And the width W of second pair of handle 6042Respectively than described two The short 1-2mm of distance L between the inner wall of a L-type side plate 8032.
Further, the stirring silk 404 including connecting column 4041 and is weldingly fixed on 4041 bottom end of connecting column Stirring body 4042,4041 top of connecting column and 403 end of L-type connecting rod are welded, and the connecting column 4041 is can not Curved cylindrical body iron, the stirring body 4042 is forniciform iron wire, and hardness is high.
Further, the blade limited mouth 3033 is rectangular configuration, and length is 4 centimetres, and width is 0.5 centimetre, described The length of blade 502 is 22 centimetres, and the width of the widest part of blade is 3 centimetres, and 503 Design of length of being open is 20-22 centimetres, Width is slightly larger than the outer diameter of iron 4012, and thickness is equal with the thickness of knife handle 501.
A kind of soil improvement method of potting xylophyta is divided into soil removal and replacement and cutting soil two parts, and the specific method is as follows:
One, soil removal and replacement
1, the preparation before soil removal and replacement
1.1 removal of impurities and watering: it in the previous day by eliminating impurities such as the fallen leaves on flowerpot soil surface, and sprinkles profoundly water one time;
1.2 soil moved in improve the originals prepare: the flower soil for being used to do soil moved in improve the original shone into dry doubling and carries out sieving processing with the sieve in the aperture 3-4mm, with Remove the sundries in flower soil;
1.3 flowerpots label: the flowerpot of various specifications is upper on the outside of flowerpot to be marked along every 5 centimetres with mark stroke one;
2, the soil removal and replacement time
This method can be carried out throughout the year, carry out after the sunlight irradiation past in the afternoon;
3, soil removal and replacement scheme: 20 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter or so, it is enclosed in xylophyta rhizome junction and tub wall middle position It makes a circle around rhizome junction week and lays point progress coring soil passenger soil, two neighboring 5 centimetres of column pitch or so, soil removal and replacement is deep 10 centimetres or so of degree;30 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter or so, it is equidistant between xylophyta rhizome junction and tub wall to lay two The position progress coring soil passenger that punctuates is native, and is distributed two adjacent rings soil removal and replacement point in isosceles triangle, and 15 centimetres of soil removal and replacement depth or so;Flower 40 centimetres of basin internal diameter or so, coring soil passenger soil three encloses, and is distributed two adjacent rings soil removal and replacement point in isosceles triangle, soil removal and replacement depth 20 centimetres or so, bigger flowerpot and so on;
4, first round soil removal and replacement:
4.1 corings soil: by the pedestal 1 of soil stabilizing apparatus, moving near flowerpot, and the insertion control panel of control panel 303 is consolidated The position for determining 302 first pairs of card slots 3021 of part keeps 303 plane of control panel parallel with basin soil plane, and is adjusted according to height of flowerpot The height of fixing clamp 7 is higher than control panel 303 on flowerpot along 3-5 centimetres, referring concurrently to 1.3 flowerpot outers of the step 1 Label and require mobile first regulation handle 301 in the square sleeve of fixing clamp 7 according to 3 soil removal and replacement schemes in the step 1 Position in 702 makes hollow pipe 3034 be in the point laid on basin soil, and soil removal and replacement device 6 is inserted into hollow pipe, shift lever 801 are at right above soil removal and replacement device 6, and first pair of handle 603 of soil removal and replacement device and second pair of overlapping of handle 604 are placed on installation Between two L-type side plates 8032 of 803 lower section of card slot, pressing lever 801 makes soil removal and replacement device 6 be inserted into basin soil, and insertion depth is according to institute The soil removal and replacement scheme for stating 3 in step 1 carries out, and after soil removal and replacement device 6 is inserted into, shift lever 801 makes to install card slot 803 and the first opponent Handle 603 and second pair of handle 604 separate, and then grasp first pair of handle 603 and extract inner sleeve 601 upwards, by core soil zone Out;
4.2 passengers soil: the position of the second regulation handle 401 of adjustment makes circular hole 4011 be in circular through hole on control panel The stirring silk 404 of blender is inserted from above into outer sleeve 602 by 3032 surface, then by 1.2 in the step 1 Treated soil moved in improve the original shakes the crank 402 of blender while into native, makes outer by being gradually packed into outer sleeve 602 into native mouth 605 It is full of soil moved in improve the original in sleeve 602, then extracts stirring silk 404 and outer sleeve 602;
4.3, the passenger's soil step for the 4.1 coring soil in one and the step 4.2 of repeating the above steps, and according to step 3 Soil removal and replacement scheme carries out soil removal and replacement around the point that the circle of xylophyta one is laid;
4.4, it waters, mend soil: being sprinkled profoundly water one time after coring soil and passenger's soil, it will be after new soil removal and replacement point Surface Subsidence Surface supplements soil moved in improve the original;
5, the second wheel soil removal and replacement: 20-25 days after terminating the first round soil removal and replacement in the step 1, carrying out the second wheel soil removal and replacement, 20 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter or so, each soil removal and replacement point of the second wheel is located at the adjacent two soil removal and replacement point institute that first rotation handwoven cloth is set In the middle position of circumference line;Internal diameter >=30 centimetre set two circle soil removal and replacement points, and each soil removal and replacement point is respectively provided at first rotation In soil two circle soil removal and replacement points respectively where circumference line middle position, equally in isosceles triangle distribution, method and the same institute of step State the soil removal and replacement method of the first round soil removal and replacement of step 4;
6, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement: 25-30 days after the second wheel soil removal and replacement, the wood more serious to pot soil hardening, growing way is weaker This plant carries out root soil removal and replacement, and control panel 303 is inserted into second pair of card slot 3022,303 plane of control panel and basin soil surface are made Plane be in 30 ° of angles, so that 3034 axis direction of hollow pipe and plant roots and stems direction be made to tilt at an angle and to root, change The position of native point is located at using plant roots and stems junction as the center of circle, is radius on the circle that circle is drawn on basin soil surface using 8 centimetre lengths, For the spacing of adjacent two soil removal and replacement point at 5 centimetres or so, the coring soil and passenger's soil step for repeating above-mentioned first round soil removal and replacement carry out root Border soil removal and replacement, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement every two years carry out a wheel;
Two, soil is cut
1, clipping time: passenger soil after 30 days or so, when basin soil soil is more dry, that is, water content 15% or so into Row;
2, cutting scheme: plant is surrounded in plant roots and stems junction (implantation stem buries a little) and the middle position of tub wall line It makes a circle in week and lays cut point, it is circle with the rhizome junction of xylophyta that each adjacent two cut point distance, which is 3-5 centimetres, The heart is cut with enclosing in flowerpot along one as circle along radial direction;
3, it cuts: soil stabilizing apparatus is moved near flowerpot, cutter is moved to above flowerpot, according to height of flowerpot tune 7 height of solidating clamp adjusts position of first regulation handle 301 in upright bar 2 by elasticity bolt B705, makes control panel 303 Higher than, along 3-5 centimetres, and keeping 3033 length direction of blade limited mouth consistent with radial direction, while making blade limited mouth on flowerpot 3033 are located at plant roots and stems junction and basin is inserted into iron 4012 in the opening 503 of knife handle 501 along intermediate position, and revolves Fixture nut 4014 on tight iron, the horizontal position of the first regulation handle 301 is then adjusted by elasticity bolt A703, makes knife Piece 502 enters in blade limited mouth 3033, and shift lever 801 is at the surface of cutter knife handle 501, by knife handle 501 On groove 5012 be inserted into 8032 bottom edge of L-type side plate, make knife handle 501 be horizontally inserted into installation card slot 803 in, pressing lever 801 makes Blade is inserted into basin soil, 10-20 centimetres of insertion depth, removes lever 801, separates card slot 803 with knife handle 501, then hold knife Handle 501 is fulcrum with iron 4012, along knife handle is pushed before and after the length direction of blade limited mouth 3033, makes blade along half Soil is cut in diameter direction, then extracts blade;
4, it repeats above-mentioned cutting step and is cut according to cutting scheme around the cut point that xylophyta one is enclosed;
5, it glosss over a fault: fine sand and organic matter being mixed to form mixture with mass ratio for 2: 1, are spread to cut after mixture is sieved The gap the inside or surface for cutting soil, then water and more live gap;
Three, soil removal and replacement carries out 1-2 times every year, and cutting soil monthly carries out 1 time.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, it avoids xylophyta from transplanting delayed growth caused by soil removal and replacement or do not survive: xylophyta is taken out from former flowerpot, The conventional soil removal and replacement method for removing the soil on part or all of root system adds since the damage to the root system especially system of fibrous root is larger Root system exposure during the transplantation process, it is easy to delayed growth or do not survived, especially biggish woody plant after causing transplanting Object is easier death.The present invention has carried out changing for part in the case where not changing root system generally and native soil is in close contact Soil will not only impact plant growth, can stimulate plant growth instead.
2, laborsaving time saving: conventional soil removal and replacement method needs to agitate combination with cutter since basin soil has been tightly combined with tub wall Place, and hold and repeatedly shake the extraction that could exert oneself at plant ground diameter, especially for extra large size flowerpot and biggish xylophyta, Need several personal resultant forces that could complete.The technology of the present invention is easy to operate, and soil sampler and cutter are pressed into soil using lever principle Earth simultaneously carries out radial cuts soil as supporting point using the iron of support rod end, and very laborsaving, a elderly can It is easily accomplished.
3, reduce the injury to plant stem-leaf: conventional soil removal and replacement method can be to plant during shaking, extracting and removing original soil Owner's stem, branch and blade damage, and influence plant growth.The technology of the present invention avoids the above process, reduces to plant The injury of cauline leaf.
4, conveniently: the technology of the present invention can be carried out at all seasons, and conventional method generally can only be in spring or autumn Ji Jinhang.
5, scientific and reasonable: soil improvement method of the invention is that soil removal and replacement is combined to carry out soil improvement with cutting, can It is both same supplemented with soil nutrient under conditions of not influencing plant normal growth, to carry out soil removal and replacement by batch and be aided with cutting to gloss over a fault When improve the gas permeability of soil again.
6, it is conducive to replacement soil moved in improve the original: the equally long soil removal and replacement device of two sleeves, since first pair of handle of inner sleeve is in outer sleeve The upper surface of second pair of handle causes the end of outer sleeve after insertion soil than inner sleeve tube length, after extracting inner sleeve, the end of outer sleeve Former basin soil when still there is a bit of be inserted at end clogs, and can all take soil moved in improve the original out of when taking out outer sleeve after injection soil moved in improve the original;This Invention designs outer sleeve than 1-2 centimetres of inner sleeve tube length, avoids the above problem.
7, it takes the earthwork to can control: will carry out taking soil, Neng Gouyou in the hollow pipe that soil removal and replacement device is inserted into above control panel The control of effect take the earthwork to.
8, entering conducive to soil moved in improve the original and take native hole: by persisting outer sleeve in basin soil, stirring the booster action of silk, energy in addition Enough make soil moved in improve the original completely into taking native hole.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of part A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged diagram of part B in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of installation card slot 803 of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of cutter 5 of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of control panel fixing piece 302 of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the scheme of installation of soil removal and replacement device 6 of the present invention;
The schematic diagram of lever mechanism freedom degree when Fig. 8 is cutter 5 of the present invention installation;
The schematic diagram of lever mechanism freedom degree when Fig. 9 is soil removal and replacement device 6 of the present invention installation.
In figure, 1- pedestal, 2- upright bar, 3- controller, 4- blender, 5- cutter, 6- soil removal and replacement device, 7- fixing clamp, 201- Screw hole, the first regulation handle of 301-, 302- control panel fixing piece, 3021- first is to card slot, and 3022- second is to card slot, 303- control Making sheet, 3031- control panel ontology, 3032- circular through hole, 3033- blade limited mouth, 3034- hollow pipe, 401- second adjust hand Handle, 4011- circular hole, 4012- iron, 4013- screw thread, 4014- fixture nut, 402- crank, 403-L type connecting rod, 404- are stirred Mix silk, 501- knife handle, 502- blade, 503- opening, 5011- knife handle ontology, 5012- groove, 601- inner sleeve, 602- housing Cylinder, 603- first is to handle, and 604- second is to handle, and 605- is into Tu Kou, 701- cylindrical sleeve, 702- square sleeve, the elastic spiral shell of 703- Several screw hole A of bolt A, 704-, 705- elasticity bolt B, 801- lever, 802- transmission rod, 803- installation card slot, 804- fixing clamp A, 8011- body, 8012- handle, 8021- are oriented to sheath, 8031- top plate, 8032-L type side plate, the bottom edge 8033-, 8034- Third otic placode, the 4th otic placode of 8035-, 8041- fixing clamp ontology, 8042- bolt, the first otic placode of 8043-, the second otic placode of 8044-.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
Referring to Fig.1, a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta, including pedestal 1, upright bar 2, controller 3, blender 4, cutter 5, soil removal and replacement device 6 and lever mechanism, 2 bottom end of upright bar are removably vertically fixed on pedestal 1, if upright bar 2 is equipped with Dry screw hole 201 installs controller 3, blender 4 and lever mechanism, installation cutter 5 or soil removal and replacement below lever mechanism in upright bar 2 Device 6;
Controller 3 include the first regulation handle 301, control panel fixing piece 302, control panel 303, fixing clamp 7, described first Regulation handle 301 is movably mounted in upright bar 2 by fixing clamp 7, and control is installed in the end of first regulation handle 301 Plate fixing piece 302 opens up the card slot of two square shapeds on the control panel fixing piece 302, and respectively the first of horizontal direction pair blocks Slot 3021 and second pair of card slot 3022 being tilted a certain angle, control panel 303 are inserted tightly into first pair of card slot as needed 3021 or second pair of card slot 3022 in, the control panel ontology 3031 of the control panel 303 including rectangle, the control panel ontology 3031 are equipped with circular through hole 3032 and blade limited mouth 3033, and one height of installation is the hollow of 2-3cm in circular through hole 3032 Pipe 3034 can preferably control the direction that soil removal and replacement device 6 is pressed into soil.
Blender 4 includes the second regulation handle 401, and crank 402, L-type connecting rod 403, stirring silk 404, described second adjusts Section handle 401 is movably mounted in the upright bar 2 of 3 top of controller by fixing clamp 7, in second regulation handle 401 Equipped with circular hole 4011, a cylindrical iron 4012 is laterally fixed in end, and the bottom end of crank 402 and the top of L-type connecting rod 403 are welded Fixation is connect, the other end and the stirring silk 404 of L-type connecting rod 403 are welded and fixed, and the bottom end of stirring silk 404 sequentially passes through circular hole 4011 and circular through hole 3032 hang naturally;
Lever mechanism includes lever 801, and transmission rod 802, installs card slot 803 and fixing clamp A804, the lever 801 include Body 8011 and the handle 8012 for being mounted on 8011 end of body, referring to Fig. 2, during fixing clamp A 804 includes The fixing clamp ontology 8041 of hollow cylinder shape, is sleeved in upright bar 2, and fixing clamp ontology 8041 is equipped with bolt 8042, the first otic placode 8043 and second otic placode 8044, the fixing clamp ontology 8041 upright bar 2 is movably mounted at by bolt 8042 and screw hole 201 On, the first otic placode 8043 and the second otic placode 8044, the front end hinge of the lever 801 are additionally provided on the fixing clamp ontology 8041 It connects between the first otic placode 8043 and the second otic placode 8044, the front end of the transmission rod 802 is equipped with the guiding sheath of hollow square 8021, guiding sheath 8021 is slideably sleeved on 8011 periphery of body, makes transmission rod 802 in body 8011 Upper axial movement, the end of the transmission rod 802 and installation card slot 803 are hinged;Referring to Fig. 4, the installation card slot 803 includes top Plate 8031 is vertically fixed on two L-type side plates 8032 that 8031 two sides of top plate are oppositely arranged, is vertically mounted on the top plate 8031 The third otic placode 8034 and the 4th otic placode 8035 of top, the end of the transmission rod 802 be hinged on the third otic placode 8034 with Between 4th otic placode 8035, the top plate 8031 is horizontally fixed on the bottom end of the transmission rod 802;
Referring to Fig. 5, cutter 5 includes knife handle 501, blade 502 and opening 503, and the knife handle 501 includes rectangular shape Knife handle ontology 5011, the top two sides of the knife handle ontology 5011 are equipped with 8033 phase of bottom edge with the L-type side plate 8032 The groove 5012 for the elongate in shape matched, knife handle ontology 5011 are movably mounted on installation card slot 803 by groove 5012, institute The opening 503 that knife handle ontology 5011 is equipped with rectangle is stated, bottom end and the blade 502 of the knife handle ontology 5011 are welded and fixed;
Soil removal and replacement device 6 is double-layer sleeve structure, including inner sleeve 601 and outer sleeve 602, is hollow tubular, outer sleeve 602 It covers outside inner sleeve 601, the top end opening two sides of inner sleeve 601 and outer sleeve 602 extend outward to form first pair of handle respectively 603 and second pair of handle 604, outer sleeve 602 is extending outwardly the funnel-form equipped with protrusion into soil close to second pair of 604 end of handle Mouth 605, the internal diameter of inner sleeve 601 are 1.8cm, and the internal diameter of outer sleeve 602 is 2cm, and inner sleeve 601 is 1- longer than outer sleeve 602 2cm。
Referring to Fig. 3, fixing clamp 7 includes cylindrical sleeve 701, is sleeved in upright bar 2, and the cylindrical sleeve 701 is equipped with interior sky The section of square sleeve 702, first regulation handle 301 or the second regulation handle 401 be it is rectangular, can be horizontal through square sleeve In 702, elasticity bolt A703, first regulation handle 301 and the second regulation handle 401 are equipped with above the square sleeve 702 Several screw hole A 704, elasticity bolt A 703 and several 704 Matching installations of screw hole A are equipped with, for adjusting the first regulation handle 301 and second regulation handle 401 horizontal position, elasticity bolt B 705 is additionally provided in the cylindrical sleeve 701, in upright bar 2 Several 201 Matching installations of screw hole, for adjusting the first regulation handle 301 and the second regulation handle 401 in the position of upright bar 2.
Referring to Fig. 6, control panel fixing piece 302 is hollow cylindrical structure, first pair of card slot 3021 and second pair of card Slot 3022 matches with the control panel 303 being inserted respectively, puts down where first pair of card slot, the 3021 place plane and pedestal 1 Face is parallel, and second pair of card slot, the 3022 place plane is 30 ° with first couple of 3021 angled α of place plane institute of card slot.
Cylindrical iron 4012 is equipped with the screw thread 4013 and fixture nut 4014 that a segment length is 0.5-1cm, iron 401 End pass through knife handle 501 on opening 503, be tightened nut 4014, prevents knife handle 501 when cutting soil from iron 4012 fall off above;Fixture nut 4014, which is fixed on iron 4012, has two aspect effects: being on the one hand presses lever 801 When control 501 moving direction of knife handle, prevent knife handle 501 excessively shake and inclination;Another aspect blade 502 is pressed into after soil along half Need front and back that knife handle is pushed to complete the cutting movement of blade in the soil when diameter is cut, iron 4012 is that front and back pushes knife handle at this time Fulcrum when 501.
In order to enable soil removal and replacement device 6 to be connected in installation card slot 803, the width W of first pair of handle 6031And second opponent The width W of handle 6042It is 1-2mm shorter than the distance L between the inner wall of described two L-type side plates 8032 respectively.
Stirring silk 404 includes connecting column 4041 and the stirring body 4042 for being weldingly fixed on 4041 bottom end of connecting column, institute It states 4041 top of connecting column to be welded and fixed with the L-type connecting rod 403, the connecting column 4041 is the cylindrical body iron of inflexibility Bar, the stirring body 4042 is forniciform iron wire, and hardness is high.
In order to limit the moving direction of blade, blade limited mouth 3033 is designed as rectangular configuration, and length is 4 centimetres, width It is 0.5 centimetre, the Design of length of blade 502 is 22 centimetres, and the width of the widest part of blade is 3 centimetres.
In order to cooperate blade be inserted into depth of soil, be open 503 Design of length be 20-22 centimetres, width be slightly larger than iron 4012 outer diameter, thickness are equal with the thickness of knife handle 501.
The freedom calculation of lever mechanism described in the present embodiment:
Freedom calculation formula: F=3n-2PL-PH,
Wherein: n- movable part;PLLow pair;PHHigher pair;
N=3 in the present embodiment, PL=4, PH=0;
Referring to Fig. 8, when installing cutter 5, movable part is respectively n1, n2, n3, totally 3, low secondary respectively PL1, PL2, PL3, PL4, totally 4;
Referring to Fig. 9, when installing soil removal and replacement device 6, movable part is respectively n1, n2, n4, totally 3, low secondary respectively PL1, PL3, PL4, PL5, totally 4;
F=3n-2PL-PH
=3 × 3-2 × 4-0
=1
By calculating it is found that mechanism freedom F is 1, this ensure that knife handle 501 and soil removal and replacement device 6 are the when presses lever One wheel soil removal and replacement and second wheel soil removal and replacement when Impact direction be always vertically downward, and in rhizosphere soil removal and replacement soil removal and replacement device 6 stress Direction is consistent with 3034 axis direction of hollow pipe.
A kind of soil improvement method of potting xylophyta is divided into soil removal and replacement and cutting soil two parts, and the specific method is as follows:
One, soil removal and replacement
1, the preparation before soil removal and replacement
1.1 removal of impurities and watering: soil removal and replacement the previous day by eliminating impurities such as the fallen leaves on flowerpot soil surface, and sprinkle profoundly water one Time;
1.2 soil moved in improve the originals prepare: the flower soil for being used to do soil moved in improve the original shone into dry doubling and carries out sieving processing with the sieve in the aperture 3-4mm, with Remove the sundries in flower soil;
1.3 flowerpots label: the flowerpot of various specifications is upper on the outside of flowerpot to be marked along every 5 centimetres with mark stroke one;
2, the soil removal and replacement time
This method can be carried out throughout the year, and sunlight irradiation carries out after going in the afternoon in one day;
3, soil removal and replacement scheme: 20 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter or so, it is enclosed in xylophyta rhizome junction and tub wall middle position It makes a circle around rhizome junction week and lays soil removal and replacement point progress coring soil passenger soil, 5 centimetres of left sides of two neighboring soil removal and replacement point column pitch The right side, 10 centimetres of soil removal and replacement depth or so;30 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter or so, it is equidistant between xylophyta rhizome junction and tub wall From laying two punctuate position carry out coring soil passenger soil, and make two adjacent rings soil removal and replacement point in isosceles triangle distribution, 15 lis of soil removal and replacement depth Rice or so;40 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter or so, coring soil passenger soil three encloses, and makes two adjacent rings soil removal and replacement point in isosceles triangle point Cloth, 20 centimetres of soil removal and replacement depth or so, bigger flowerpot and so on;
4, first round soil removal and replacement:
4.1 corings soil: the pedestal 1 of soil stabilizing apparatus is moved near flowerpot, and the insertion control panel of control panel 303 is fixed The position of 302 first pairs of card slots 3021 of part, keeps 303 plane of control panel parallel with basin soil plane, and is adjusted admittedly according to height of flowerpot The height of clamp 7 is higher than control panel 303 on flowerpot along 3-5 centimetres, referring concurrently to 1.3 flowerpot outers of the step 1 It marks and requires to be moved forward and backward square sleeve of first regulation handle 301 in fixing clamp 7 according to the soil removal and replacement scheme in the 3 of step 1 702 position makes the hollow pipe 3034 above control panel be in the soil removal and replacement point that basin soil is routed over, by soil removal and replacement device 6 It is inserted into hollow pipe, shift lever 801 is at right above soil removal and replacement device 6, by first pair of handle 603 of soil removal and replacement device and the second opponent Handle 604 is overlapped between two L-type side plates 8032 for being placed on 803 lower section of installation card slot, and pressing lever 801 is inserted into soil removal and replacement device 6 Basin soil, soil removal and replacement point and insertion depth are carried out according to the soil removal and replacement scheme of the step 3, after soil removal and replacement device 6 is inserted into, shift lever 801, It separates installation card slot 803 with first pair of handle 603 and second pair of handle 604, it is upward then to grasp first pair of handle 603 Inner sleeve 601 is extracted, core soil zone is gone out;
4.2 passengers soil: the position of the second regulation handle 401 is adjusted by fixing clamp 7, is in circular hole 4011 on control panel The stirring silk 404 of blender is inserted from above into outer sleeve 602 by the surface of circular through hole 3032, then by the step Treated for the 1.2 of one soil moved in improve the original being gradually packed into outer sleeve 602 into native mouth 605 by soil removal and replacement device, shakes stirring while into native The crank 402 of device makes then to extract stirring silk 404 and outer sleeve 602 full of soil moved in improve the original in outer sleeve 602;
4.3, repeat the above steps one 4.1 coring soil and step 4.2 passenger's soil step according to step 3 soil removal and replacement side Case carries out soil removal and replacement around the soil removal and replacement point that the circle of xylophyta one is laid;
4.4, it waters, mend soil: being sprinkled profoundly water one time after coring soil and passenger's soil, it will be after new soil removal and replacement point Surface Subsidence Surface supplements soil moved in improve the original;
5, it the second wheel soil removal and replacement: 20-25 days after terminating step 4 first round soil removal and replacement, carries out second and takes turns soil removal and replacement, in flowerpot 20 centimetres of diameter or so, circumference line where the second wheel soil removal and replacement point is located at the adjacent two soil removal and replacement point that first rotation handwoven cloth is set Middle position;Internal diameter >=30 centimetre set two circle soil removal and replacement points, and each soil removal and replacement point is respectively provided at two circle soil removal and replacement in first round soil removal and replacement Point respectively where circumference line middle position, be equally distributed in isosceles triangle, the soil removal and replacement of method and step with the step 4 Method;
6, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement: 25-30 days after the second wheel soil removal and replacement, the wood more serious to pot soil hardening, growing way is weaker This plant carries out root soil removal and replacement, and control panel 303 is inserted into second pair of card slot 3022,303 plane of control panel and basin soil surface are made The angled α of plane institute be 30 ° of angles, to make 3034 axis direction of hollow pipe and plant roots and stems direction at an angle and to root Portion's inclination, the position of soil removal and replacement point are located at using plant roots and stems junction as the center of circle, are drawn using 8 centimetre lengths as radius on basin soil surface On round circle, for adjacent distance between two points at 5 centimetres or so, the coring soil and passenger's soil step for repeating above-mentioned first round soil removal and replacement carry out root Border soil removal and replacement, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement every two years carry out a wheel;
Two, soil is cut
1, clipping time: passenger soil after 30 days or so, when basin soil soil is more dry, that is, water content 15% or so into Row;
2, cutting scheme: plant is surrounded in plant roots and stems junction (implantation stem buries a little) and the middle position of tub wall line It makes a circle in week and lays cut point, it is circle with the rhizome junction of xylophyta that each adjacent two cut point distance, which is 3-5 centimetres, The heart is cut with enclosing in flowerpot along one as circle along radial direction;
3, it cuts: soil stabilizing apparatus is moved near flowerpot, cutter is moved to above flowerpot, according to height of flowerpot tune 7 height of solidating clamp adjusts position of first regulation handle 301 in upright bar 2 by elasticity bolt B 705, makes control panel 303 Higher than, along 3-5 centimetres, and keeping 3033 length direction of blade limited mouth consistent with radial direction, while making blade limited mouth on flowerpot 3033 are located at plant roots and stems junction and basin is inserted into iron 4012 in the opening 503 of knife handle 501 along intermediate position, and revolves Fixture nut 4014 on tight iron;
Then the horizontal position that the first regulation handle 301 is adjusted by elasticity bolt A703 makes blade 502 enter blade and limits In the mouth 3033 of position, shift lever 801 is at the surface of cutter knife handle 501, and the groove 5012 on knife handle 501 is inserted into 8032 bottom edge of L-type side plate is horizontally inserted into knife handle 501 in installation card slot 803, and pressing lever 801 makes blade insertion basin soil, insertion 10-20 centimetres of depth, specifically: for height of flowerpot at 10-15 centimetres, 10 centimetres of insertion depth, height of flowerpot is greater than 15 centimetres Less than or equal to 20 centimetres, 15 centimetres of insertion depth or so, height of flowerpot is greater than 20 centimetres, 20 centimetres of insertion depth, removes Lever 801 separates installation card slot 803 with knife handle 501, then holds knife handle 501, be fulcrum with iron 4012, along blade Knife handle 501 is pushed before and after the length direction of limited mouth 3033, so that blade is cut soil along radial direction, is then extracted blade;
4,3 cutting step to repeat the above steps in two is clicked through according to cutting scheme around the cutting that xylophyta one is enclosed Row cutting;
5, it glosss over a fault: fine sand and organic matter being mixed to form mixture with mass ratio for 2: 1, are spread to cut after mixture is sieved The gap the inside or surface for cutting soil, then water and more live gap;
Three, soil removal and replacement carries out 1-2 times every year, and cutting soil monthly carries out 1 time.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta, which is characterized in that the device includes pedestal (1), upright bar (2), control Device (3) processed, blender (4), cutter (5), soil removal and replacement device (6) and lever mechanism (8), the upright bar (2) are vertically fixed on pedestal (1) on, upright bar (2) is equipped with several screw holes (201), and controller (3), blender (4) and lever mechanism are installed in upright bar (2) (8), installation cutter (5) or soil removal and replacement device (6) below lever mechanism (8);
The controller (3) includes the first regulation handle (301), control panel fixing piece (302), control panel (303) and fixing clamp (7), first regulation handle (301) is movably mounted on upright bar (2) by fixing clamp (7), and described first adjusts hand Control panel fixing piece (302) are installed in the end of handle (301), open up two pairs of card slots on the control panel fixing piece (302), respectively First pair of card slot (3021) of horizontal direction and second pair of card slot (3022) being tilted a certain angle, control panel (303) is according to need It is mounted in first pair of card slot (3021) or second pair of card slot (3022), the control panel (303) includes the control panel of rectangle Ontology (3031), the control panel ontology (3031) are equipped with circular through hole (3032) and blade limited mouth (3033);
The blender (4) includes the second regulation handle (401), crank (402), L-type connecting rod (403) and stirring silk (404), Second regulation handle (401) is movably mounted in the upright bar (2) above controller (3) by fixing clamp (7), described Second regulation handle (401) is equipped with circular hole (4011), and a cylindrical iron (4012) is laterally fixed in end, crank (402) The top of bottom end and L-type connecting rod (403) is welded and fixed, and the other end of L-type connecting rod (403) and stirring silk (404) welding are solid Fixed, the bottom end of stirring silk (404) sequentially passes through circular hole (4011) and circular through hole 3032) it hangs naturally;
The lever mechanism (8) includes lever (801), and transmission rod (802) installs card slot (803) and fixing clamp A (804), described Lever (801) includes body (8011) and the handle (8012) for being mounted on the body (8011) end, described solid Clamp A (804) includes the fixing clamp ontology (8041) of hollow cylindrical, bolt (8042), the first otic placode (8043) and the second ear Plate (8044), the bolt (8042) are mounted on fixing clamp ontology (8041), and the fixing clamp ontology (8041) passes through bolt (8042) it is movably mounted on upright bar (2) with screw hole (201), is additionally provided with the first ear on the fixing clamp ontology (8041) The front end of plate (8043) and the second otic placode (8044), the body (801) is hinged on the first otic placode (8043) and the second ear Between plate (8044), the front end of the transmission rod (802) is equipped with the guiding sheath (8021) of hollow square, is oriented to sheath (8021) It is slideably sleeved on the body (8011) periphery, moves axially transmission rod (802) on body (8011), The end of the transmission rod (802) is connect with installation card slot (803), and the installation card slot (803) includes top plate (8031), vertically The two L-type side plates (8032) for being fixed on top plate (8031) two sides and being oppositely arranged, are vertically mounted on the top plate (8031) The third otic placode (8034) and the 4th otic placode (8035) of side, the end of the transmission rod (802) is hinged on the third otic placode (8034) between the 4th otic placode (8035);
The cutter (5) includes knife handle (501), blade (502) and opening (503), and the knife handle (501) includes cuboid The knife handle ontology (5011) of shape, the top two sides of the knife handle ontology (5011) are equipped with the bottom edge with the L-type side plate (8032) (8033) groove (5012) of the elongate in shape to match, knife handle ontology (5011) top are movably pacified by groove (5012) In installation card slot (803), the knife handle ontology (5011) is equipped with the opening (503) of rectangle, the knife handle ontology (5011) bottom end and blade (502) is fixed;
The soil removal and replacement device (6) is double-layer sleeve structure, including inner sleeve (601) and outer sleeve (602), is hollow tubular, outside Sleeve (602) cover inner sleeve (601) outside, the top end opening two sides of the inner sleeve (601) and outer sleeve (602) difference is outside First pair of handle (603) and second pair of handle (604) are extended to form, the outer sleeve (602) is close to second pair of handle (604) End extends outwardly the funnel-form equipped with protrusion into Tu Kou (605).
2. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the fixing clamp (7) include cylindrical sleeve (701), be sleeved on upright bar (2), the cylindrical sleeve (701) is equipped with the square sleeve (702) of interior sky, institute State the section of the first regulation handle (301) or the second regulation handle (401) be it is rectangular, can be horizontal through in square sleeve (702), institute It states and is equipped with elasticity bolt A (703), first regulation handle (301) and the second regulation handle (401) above square sleeve (702) Several screw hole A (704), elasticity bolt A (703) and several screw hole A (704) Matching installations are equipped with, for adjusting the first adjusting The horizontal position of handle (301) and the second regulation handle (401) is additionally provided with elasticity bolt B (705) on the cylindrical sleeve (701), With several screw holes (201) Matching installation on upright bar (2), it is used to adjust the first regulation handle (301) and the second regulation handle (401) in the position of upright bar (2).
3. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the inner sleeve (601) internal diameter is 1.8cm, and the internal diameter of outer sleeve (602) is 2cm, and inner sleeve (601) is 1-2cm longer than outer sleeve (602).
4. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the circular through hole (3032) hollow pipe (3034) that one height of installation is 2-3cm in, for controlling the direction of soil removal and replacement device (6) indentation soil.
5. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the control panel is solid Determining part (302) is hollow cylindrical configuration, the shape of first pair of card slot (3021) and second pair of card slot (3022) respectively with insert Entering control panel therein (303) to match, plane is parallel with plane where pedestal (1) where first pair of card slot (3021), Plane where second pair of card slot (3022) is 30 ° of angles with the angled α of plane institute where first pair of card slot (3021).
6. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the cylinder iron Bar (4012) is equipped with the screw thread (4013) and fixture nut (4014) that a segment length is 0.5-1cm, the end of iron (4012) Opening (503) on knife handle (501), the nut that is tightened (4014) prevent knife handle (501) from emaciated face on iron (4012) It falls.
7. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that first opponent The width W of handle (603)1And the width W of second pair of handle (604)2Respectively than between the inner wall of described two L-type side plates (8032) The short 1-2mm of distance L.
8. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the stirring silk It (404) include connecting column (4041) and the stirring body (4042) for being weldingly fixed on the connecting column (4041) bottom end, the connection Column (4041) top and L-type connecting rod (403) end are welded, and the connecting column (4041) is the cylindrical body iron of inflexibility Bar, the stirring body (4042) is forniciform iron wire, and hardness is high.
9. a kind of soil stabilizing apparatus of potting xylophyta as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the blade limit Mouth (3033) is rectangular configuration, and length is 4 centimetres, and width is 0.5 centimetre, and the length of the blade (502) is 22 centimetres, blade The width of the widest part be 3 centimetres, the Design of length of opening (503) is 20-22 centimetres, and width is outer slightly larger than iron (4012) Diameter, thickness are equal with the thickness of knife handle (501).
10. a kind of soil improvement method of potting xylophyta is divided into soil removal and replacement and cutting soil two parts, the specific method is as follows:
One, soil removal and replacement
1, the preparation before soil removal and replacement
1.1 removal of impurities and watering: it in the previous day by the fallen leaves eliminating impurities on flowerpot soil surface, and sprinkles profoundly water one time;
1.2 soil moved in improve the originals prepare: the flower soil for being used to do soil moved in improve the original being shone dry doubling and carries out sieving processing with the sieve in the aperture 3-4mm, with removal Sundries in flower soil;
1.3 flowerpots label: the flowerpot of various specifications is upper on the outside of flowerpot to be marked along every 5 centimetres with mark stroke one;
2, the soil removal and replacement time
This method can be carried out throughout the year, carry out after the sunlight irradiation past in the afternoon;
3, soil removal and replacement scheme: 20 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter, rhizome block is surrounded in xylophyta rhizome junction and tub wall middle position It makes a circle in week at conjunction and lays point progress coring soil passenger soil, two neighboring 5 centimetres of column pitch, 10 centimetres of soil removal and replacement depth;Flower 30 centimetres of basin internal diameter, between xylophyta rhizome junction and tub wall it is equidistant lay two punctuate position carry out coring soil passenger Soil, and it is distributed two adjacent rings soil removal and replacement point in isosceles triangle, 15 centimetres of soil removal and replacement depth;40 centimetres of flowerpot internal diameter, coring soil changes Soil moved in improve the original three encloses, and is distributed two adjacent rings soil removal and replacement point in isosceles triangle, and 20 centimetres of soil removal and replacement depth, bigger flowerpot and so on;
4, first round soil removal and replacement:
4.1 corings soil: the pedestal (1) of soil stabilizing apparatus is moved near flowerpot, and control panel (303) insertion control panel is fixed The position of (302) first pairs of card slots (3021) of part, keeps control panel plane parallel with basin soil plane, and is adjusted admittedly according to height of flowerpot The height of clamp (7), make control panel (303) be higher than flowerpot on along 3-5 centimetres, referring concurrently to 1.3 flowerpots of the step 1 outside The label on edge, and require mobile first regulation handle (301) in fixing clamp (7) according to 3 soil removal and replacement schemes in the step 1 Position in square sleeve (702) makes hollow pipe (3034) be in the point laid on basin soil, soil removal and replacement device (6) is inserted into empty Heart pipe, shift lever (801) is at right above soil removal and replacement device (6), by first pair of handle (603) of soil removal and replacement device and the second opponent Handle (604) overlapping is placed between two L-type side plates (8032) below installation card slot (803), and pressing lever (801) makes soil removal and replacement Device (6) is inserted into basin soil, and insertion depth is carried out according to the soil removal and replacement scheme of 3 in the step 1, mobile after soil removal and replacement device (6) insertion Lever (801) separates installation card slot (803) with first pair of handle (603) and second pair of handle (604), then grasps First pair of handle (603) extracts inner sleeve (601) upwards, and core soil zone is gone out;
4.2 passengers soil: the position of adjustment the second regulation handle (401) makes circular hole (4011) be in circular through hole on control panel (3032) the stirring silk (404) of blender is inserted from above into outer sleeve (602), then by the step 1 by surface In 1.2 treated soil moved in improve the originals by being gradually packed into Tu Kou (605) in outer sleeve (602), shake blender while into native Crank (402) makes then to extract stirring silk (404) and outer sleeve (602) full of soil moved in improve the original in outer sleeve (602);
4.3, the passenger's soil step for the 4.1 coring soil in one and the step 4.2 of repeating the above steps, and according to the soil removal and replacement of step 3 Scheme carries out soil removal and replacement around the point that the circle of xylophyta one is laid;
4.4, it waters, mend soil: being sprinkled profoundly water one time after coring soil and passenger's soil, it will be on surface after new soil removal and replacement point Surface Subsidence Supplement soil moved in improve the original;
5,20-25 days after terminating the first round soil removal and replacement in the step 1, the second wheel soil removal and replacement, flowerpot the second wheel soil removal and replacement: are carried out 20 centimetres of internal diameter, where the second wheel soil removal and replacement point is located at the adjacent two soil removal and replacement point that first rotation handwoven cloth is set in circumference line Between position;Internal diameter >=30 centimetre set two circle soil removal and replacement points, and each soil removal and replacement point is respectively provided at 2 circle soil removal and replacement point in first round soil removal and replacement Position respectively where circumference line middle position, be equally distributed in isosceles triangle, the first round of method and step with the step 4 The soil removal and replacement method of soil removal and replacement;
6, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement: 25-30 days after the second wheel soil removal and replacement, the woody plant more serious to pot soil hardening, growing way is weaker Object carries out root soil removal and replacement, and control panel (303) are inserted into second pair of card slot (3022), control panel (303) plane and basin soil table are made The plane in face is in 30 ° of angles, so that hollow pipe (3034) axis direction be made to incline at an angle and to root with plant roots and stems direction Tiltedly, the position of soil removal and replacement point is located at using plant roots and stems junction as the center of circle, draws circle on basin soil surface using 8 centimetre lengths as radius On circle, the spacing that adjacent two soil removal and replacement point is is 5 centimetres, and the coring soil and passenger's soil step for repeating above-mentioned first round soil removal and replacement carry out root Border soil removal and replacement, rhizosphere soil removal and replacement every two years carry out a wheel;
Two, soil is cut
1, clipping time: passenger soil after 30 days, when basin soil soil is more dry, that is, water content 15% when carry out;
2, cutting scheme: cutting is laid around the circle of surrounding plants one in plant roots and stems junction and the middle position of tub wall line Point, each adjacent two cut point distance is 3-5 centimetres, using the rhizome junction of xylophyta as the center of circle, to enclose in flowerpot along one For circle, cut along radial direction;
3, it cuts: soil stabilizing apparatus is moved near flowerpot, cutter is moved to above flowerpot, adjusted according to height of flowerpot solid Clamp (7) height makes control panel by position of elasticity bolt B (705) adjustment the first regulation handle (301) on upright bar (2) (303) it is higher than on flowerpot along 3-5 centimetres, and keeps blade limited mouth (3033) length direction consistent with radial direction, while making knife Piece limited mouth (3033) is located at plant roots and stems junction and basin along intermediate position, by iron (4012) insertion knife handle (501) It is open in (503), and screws the fixture nut on iron (4014), adjust the first regulation handle by elasticity bolt A (703) (301) horizontal position enters blade (502) in blade limited mouth (3033), and shift lever (801) is at cutter Groove (5012) on knife handle (501) is inserted into L-type side plate (8032) bottom edge, makes knife handle (501) by the surface of knife handle (501) It is horizontally inserted into installation card slot (803), pressing lever (801) makes blade insertion basin soil, 10-20 centimetres of insertion depth, removes thick stick Bar (801) separates card slot (803) with knife handle (501), then holds knife handle (501), with iron (4012) for fulcrum, along Knife handle is pushed before and after the length direction of blade limited mouth (3033), so that blade is cut soil along radial direction, is then extracted knife Piece;
4, it repeats above-mentioned cutting step and is cut according to cutting scheme around the cut point that xylophyta one is enclosed;
5, it glosss over a fault: fine sand and organic matter being mixed to form mixture with mass ratio for 2: 1, cutting soil is spread to after mixture is sieved Inside the gap of earth or surface, then waters and more lives gap;
Three, soil removal and replacement carries out 1-2 times every year, and cutting soil monthly carries out 1 time.
CN201710417773.3A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of soil stabilizing apparatus and method of potting xylophyta Active CN107347287B (en)

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