CN107338811A - Construction method that is a kind of while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two - Google Patents

Construction method that is a kind of while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107338811A
CN107338811A CN201710608938.5A CN201710608938A CN107338811A CN 107338811 A CN107338811 A CN 107338811A CN 201710608938 A CN201710608938 A CN 201710608938A CN 107338811 A CN107338811 A CN 107338811A
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China
Prior art keywords
template
templates
steel
gap
pieces
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Application number
CN201710608938.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107338811B (en
Inventor
赵国庆
薛晓晨
王颖
李国梁
杨兴佳
何长
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Tianjin Railway Building Co Ltd China Railway Engineering Bureau No 6 Group
China Railway Sixth Group Co Ltd
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Tianjin Railway Building Co Ltd China Railway Engineering Bureau No 6 Group
China Railway Sixth Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by Tianjin Railway Building Co Ltd China Railway Engineering Bureau No 6 Group, China Railway Sixth Group Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin Railway Building Co Ltd China Railway Engineering Bureau No 6 Group
Priority to CN201710608938.5A priority Critical patent/CN107338811B/en
Publication of CN107338811A publication Critical patent/CN107338811A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/04Making large underground spaces, e.g. for underground plants, e.g. stations of underground railways; Construction or layout thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/16Arrangement or construction of joints in foundation structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods
    • E02D2250/0007Production methods using a mold
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2250/00Production methods
    • E02D2250/0023Cast, i.e. in situ or in a mold or other formwork

Abstract

Construction method that is a kind of while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two.It includes being customized for the Overall Steel Formwork of two structural columns;In the medial surface center of side template, two bayonet sockets are set;Customization inner template is simultaneously therefrom separated, and gap is connected with hinge;In two reinforcing bars of structural columns cages of cushion cap surface colligation, two Side Templates and a side template are installed on the outside of steel reinforcement cage;Two pieces of inner templates are inserted in gap between two steel reinforcement cages;Tabular air cushion is inserted in the gap between two pieces of inner templates;Another side template is installed;Air cushion is full of gas;Pour the steps such as the concrete of two structural columns simultaneously.Effect of the present invention:1st, it is capable of the work progress of one-time-concreting two structural columns of completion, therefore operating efficiency can be increased substantially;2nd, without using chemical solvent, therefore the health of operating personnel will not be damaged, and is beneficial to environmental protection;3rd, structural column surfacing, subsequent treatment is not required to, it is convenient and swift.

Description

Construction method that is a kind of while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two
Technical field
The invention belongs to structure of the subway technical field of construction, and the root architecture of deformation joint two is poured simultaneously more particularly to a kind of The construction method of post.
Background technology
Subway is a kind of form of railway transportation, refers to the City Rail Transit System based on being run in underground.Every subway Circuit must all configure joint maintenance storehouse, periodically to be overhauled to vehicle in use.At present, the body supports knot in joint maintenance storehouse Structure is that reinforced concrete pile is made using cast-in-place method in ground, then at the top of reinforced concrete pile using cast-in-place method be made with The cushion cap that ground flushes, structural column is made using cast-in-place method on the surface of cushion cap afterwards, then crossbeam is set up at the top of structural column. As shown in figure 1, generally need to be arranged side by side two spacing 100mm structural column 2 on the part cushion cap 1 in joint maintenance storehouse, two Gap between structural column 2 is as movement joint.The conventional construction method of current this two structural columns being arranged side by side is first to tie Prick the steel reinforcement cage of structural column and install outer template, then in template casting concrete and a structural column is made, so Constructed another structural column according still further to above-mentioned direction afterwards.If the size of structural column is smaller, above-mentioned side is still pressed using plank sheathing Method is constructed, but because the size of structural column 2 in joint maintenance storehouse is bigger, therefore plank sheathing can not meet casting concrete Force request, so need to be constructed using steel form;But because the thickness of steel form is more than 100mm, and two structural columns 2 Between spacing there was only 100mm, therefore after a structural column 2 of having constructed, the gap between two structural columns 2 will be unable to install For the steel form of second structural column 2, therefore another structural column 2 can not be constructed, and at this moment can only be taken 10cm Extruded sheet is filled into movement joint and serves as the way of template, after having poured concrete and second structural column 2 be made, extrusion molding Plate can be bonded at the surface of second structural column 2, therefore need to dissolve extruded sheet with chemical solvent and be removed, but this place Reason mode can form voids and pits on the surface of second structural column 2, so as to influence the attractive in appearance of the structural column 1, so also needing Subsequent treatment, it is pretty troublesome, and belong to harmful work using chemical solvent dissolving extruded sheet, it so can undoubtedly influence operating personnel Health, and pollute environment.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of while pour the root architecture post of deformation joint two Construction method.
In order to achieve the above object, construction method that is provided by the invention while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two includes The following steps carried out in order:
1) be customized for the cuboid Overall Steel Formworks of two structural columns in advance, Overall Steel Formwork by two side templates and Two Side Templates are formed;
2) two bayonet sockets for being used to fix inner template are respectively symmetrically set in the medial surface center of each side template, with Limit the position of inner template;
3) inner template between two structural columns of customization, inner template use plank sheathing in advance, and from centre along the vertical direction Disconnect, gap is connected using hinge, and the both sides of the edge of inner template are provided with buckle;
4) after the steel reinforcement cage of two structural columns of surface colligation of cushion cap, protective layer cushion block is set on steel reinforcement cage, so Two Side Templates and a side template are installed on the outside of two steel reinforcement cages afterwards;
5) two pieces of inner templates are inserted in the gap between the steel reinforcement cage of two structural columns, and by the inside edge of inner template It is inserted in a bayonet socket on side template, is then fixed with buckle, the inside both ends of Overall Steel Formwork is thus divided into two Independent space;
6) it is supported in the joint of inner template and side template using one block of vertically disposed angle steel, i.e., by the one of angle steel Side is against on the inner surface of side template, and the another side of angle steel is against on the outer surface of inner template;
7) one piece of tabular air cushion is inserted in the gap between two pieces of inner templates, then again by another two blocks of angle steel according to upper Angle steel method to set up is stated to be vertically set at the outer ledge of inner template;
8) another side template is installed, and the outer ledge of two pieces of inner templates is respectively inserted into two on the side template In bayonet socket, then fixed with buckle, be finally connected the both sides of the edge of the side template with two pieces of Side Templates;
9) air cushion is full of gas, reaches the air pressure of two inner templates of support enough;
10) casting concrete while into two separate spaces inside Overall Steel Formwork, and make mixed in two spaces Solidifying soil height raises in proportion, with the rise of concrete height, the air pressure in air cushion is increased, to ensure the stabilization of inner template Property;
11) after concrete setting and reach the intensity of setting after forming structural column, first remove Overall Steel Formwork, then will Gas is released in air cushion, afterwards takes out angle steel and air cushion, then removes inner template 7 from the both ends in gap again, it is necessary to when will close Page is broken, and thus completes the work progress of two root architecture posts simultaneously.
Ultimate range between two pieces of described inner templates is equal to the spacing between two structural columns.
Construction method that is provided by the invention while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two has the advantages that:1st, energy Enough one-time-concretings complete the work progress of two structural columns, therefore can increase substantially operating efficiency;2nd, without using chemistry Solvent, therefore the health of operating personnel will not be damaged, and it is beneficial to environmental protection;3rd, structural column surfacing, Subsequent treatment is not required to, it is convenient and swift.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is cushion cap and two structural column structure top views being arranged side by side in existing joint maintenance storehouse.
Fig. 2-Fig. 9 is using provided by the invention while pour the construction method of the root architecture post of deformation joint two and applied Man-hour work progress schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings with specific embodiment to provided by the invention while pour the root architecture post of deformation joint two and apply Work method is described in detail.Identical drawing reference numeral is used with prior art identical part.
Construction method that is provided by the invention while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two is following including carrying out in order Step:
1) it is overall as shown in Fig. 2 being customized for the cuboid Overall Steel Formwork 3 of two structural columns 2 shown in Fig. 1 in advance Steel form 3 is made up of two side templates 4 and two Side Templates 5;
2) as shown in figure 3, respectively symmetrically setting two to be used to fix internal model in the medial surface center of each side template 4 The bayonet socket 6 of plate, to limit the position of inner template;
3) as shown in figure 4, the inner template 7 between two structural columns 2 of customization, inner template 7 use plank sheathing in advance, and therefrom Between disconnect along the vertical direction, gap is connected using hinge 8, and the both sides of the edge of inner template 7 are provided with buckle;Hinge 8 is set Purpose be easy for from gap both ends carry out form removal;
4) as shown in figure 5, after the steel reinforcement cage of two structural columns 2 of surface colligation of cushion cap 1, set and protect on steel reinforcement cage Sheath cushion block, then two Side Templates 5 and a side template 4 are installed on the outside of two steel reinforcement cages;
5) as shown in fig. 6, inserting two pieces of inner templates 7 in gap between the steel reinforcement cage of two structural columns 2, and by internal model The inside edge of plate 7 is inserted in a bayonet socket 6 on side template 4, is then fixed with buckle, thus by Overall Steel Formwork 3 Internal both ends are divided into two independent spaces;Between ultimate range between two pieces of inner templates 7 is equal between two structural columns 2 Away from the present invention is 100mm;
6) as shown in fig. 7, being propped up in inner template 7 and the joint of side template 4 using one block of vertically disposed angle steel 9 The one side of angle steel 9, i.e., be against on the inner surface of side template 4, the another side of angle steel 9 be against to the appearance of inner template 7 by support On face;
7), then again will be another as shown in figure 8, one piece of tabular air cushion 10 is inserted in the gap between two pieces of inner templates 7 Two blocks of angle steel 9 are vertically set at the outer ledge of inner template 7 according to the above-mentioned method to set up of angle steel 9;
8) as shown in figure 9, installing another side template 4, and the outer ledge of two pieces of inner templates 7 is made to be respectively inserted into the side In two bayonet sockets 6 in template 4, then fixed with buckle, finally connect the both sides of the edge of the side template 4 and two pieces of Side Templates 5 Connect;
9) air cushion 10 is full of gas, reaches the air pressure of two inner templates 7 of support enough;
10) casting concrete while into two separate spaces inside Overall Steel Formwork 3, and make mixed in two spaces Solidifying soil height raises in proportion, with the rise of concrete height, the air pressure in air cushion 10 is increased, to ensure the steady of inner template 7 It is qualitative;
11) after concrete setting and reach the intensity of setting after forming structural column 2, first remove Overall Steel Formwork 3, then Gas in air cushion 10 is released, afterwards taken out angle steel 9 and air cushion 10, then removes inner template 7 from the both ends in gap again, it is necessary to When hinge 8 is broken, thus simultaneously complete two root architecture posts 2 work progress.

Claims (2)

1. construction method that is a kind of while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two, it is characterised in that:Described construction method includes The following steps carried out in order:
1) it is customized for the cuboid Overall Steel Formwork (3) of two structural columns (2) in advance, Overall Steel Formwork (3) is by two sides Template (4) and two Side Templates (5) are formed;
2) two bayonet sockets (6) for being used to fix inner template are respectively symmetrically set in the medial surface center of each side template (4), To limit the position of inner template;
3) inner template (7) between two structural columns (2) of customization, inner template (7) use plank sheathing in advance, and from centre vertically Direction is disconnected, and gap is connected using hinge (8), and the both sides of the edge of inner template (7) are provided with buckle;
4) after the steel reinforcement cage of two structural columns (2) of surface colligation of cushion cap (1), protective layer cushion block is set on steel reinforcement cage, Two Side Templates (5) and a side template (4) are then installed on the outside of two steel reinforcement cages;
5) two pieces of inner templates (7) are inserted in the gap between the steel reinforcement cage of two structural columns (2), and by the interior of inner template (7) Lateral edges are inserted in a bayonet socket (6) on side template (4) Nei, are then fixed with buckle, thus by the interior of Overall Steel Formwork (3) Portion both ends are divided into two independent spaces;
6) it is supported in inner template (7) and the joint of side template (4) using one piece of vertically disposed angle steel (9), i.e., by angle The one side of steel (9) is against on the inner surface of side template (4), and the another side of angle steel (9) is against to the outer surface of inner template (7) On;
7) one piece of tabular air cushion (10) is inserted in the gap between two pieces of inner templates (7), then again by another two blocks of angle steel (9) It is vertically set on according to above-mentioned angle steel (9) method to set up at the outer ledge of inner template (7);
8) another side template (4) is installed, and the outer ledge of two pieces of inner templates (7) is respectively inserted on the side template (4) Two bayonet sockets (6) in, then fixed with buckle, finally by the both sides of the edge of the side template (4) with two pieces of Side Templates (5) even Connect;
9) air cushion (10) is full of gas, reaches the air pressure of two inner templates (7) of support enough;
10) casting concrete while into two internal separate spaces of Overall Steel Formwork (3), and make the coagulation in two spaces Native height raises in proportion, with the rise of concrete height, the air pressure in air cushion (10) is increased, to ensure inner template (7) Stability;
11) after concrete setting and reach the intensity of setting after forming structural column 2, first remove Overall Steel Formwork (3), then will The interior gas of air cushion (10) is released, and afterwards takes out angle steel (9) and air cushion (10), then removes inner template from the both ends in gap again (7), it is necessary to when hinge (8) is broken, thus simultaneously complete two root architecture posts (2) work progress.
2. construction method that is according to claim 1 while pouring the root architecture post of deformation joint two, it is characterised in that:It is described Two pieces of inner templates (7) between ultimate range be equal to spacing between two structural columns (2).
CN201710608938.5A 2017-07-25 2017-07-25 Construction method that is a kind of while pouring two structural columns of deformation joint Active CN107338811B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108868119A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-23 荆门它山之石电子科技有限公司 A kind of flexible building template

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CN103437550A (en) * 2013-08-31 2013-12-11 于光成 Concrete wood formwork steel buckle
WO2015075376A1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-05-28 Mabamure Method and assembly for producing a separation gap between two parallel walls
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CN108868119A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-11-23 荆门它山之石电子科技有限公司 A kind of flexible building template

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