CN107338557B - The method for weaving of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric - Google Patents

The method for weaving of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric Download PDF

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CN107338557B
CN107338557B CN201710529673.XA CN201710529673A CN107338557B CN 107338557 B CN107338557 B CN 107338557B CN 201710529673 A CN201710529673 A CN 201710529673A CN 107338557 B CN107338557 B CN 107338557B
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fabric
sizing
weaving
machine
requires
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CN201710529673.XA
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CN107338557A (en
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王圣杰
凌良仲
孙仁斌
李杨
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江苏悦达纺织集团有限公司
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D21/00Lappet- or swivel-woven fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • D03D13/008Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft characterised by weave density or surface weight
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/567Shapes or effects upon shrinkage
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06LDRY-CLEANING, WASHING OR BLEACHING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR MADE-UP FIBROUS GOODS; BLEACHING LEATHER OR FURS
    • D06L1/00Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods
    • D06L1/12Dry-cleaning or washing fibres, filaments, threads, yarns, fabrics, feathers or made-up fibrous goods using aqueous solvents
    • D06L1/14De-sizing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/01Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with natural macromolecular compounds or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/03Polysaccharides or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/11Starch or derivatives thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/16Synthetic fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/30Synthetic polymers consisting of macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M2101/32Polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/40Reduced friction resistance, lubricant properties; Sizing compositions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

A kind of method for weaving of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric, the fabric:Warp thread is combed cotton Compact-spun Yarn, 9.7tex, through it is close be 681/10cm;Weft yarn is general carded cotton yarn, 9.7tex, polyester FDY high-shrinkage filament, 150D/72F, 2:1 ratio, filling density are 283/10cm;It is organized as big Developing of Jacquard Weave;Fabric width is 300cm;The weaving step of the fabric is:Beam warper warping → sizing machine sizing → drawing-in machine is gaited the → big jacquard → finishing of arrow shaft.

Description

The method for weaving of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric
Technical field
The technical program belongs to textile technology field, and specifically a kind of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric is knitted Make method.
Background technology
The concave-convex anaglyph of fabric has very strong interesting, decorative, this becomes is a dark horse in bed necessaries fabric One fashion family meets contemporary people and transmits the emotional experience of vision and tactile and natural, the exquisite, gracefulness to fabric to fabric The pursuit of style.General concave-convex fabric is to form two layers or three layers of concave-convex skin texture line by fabric tissue, this fabric by It is only used for external blanket in thick and heavy, limits its application field.Application is almost zero to the concave-convex fabric of this multilayer at home, How by this decorative, fabric that three-dimensional sense is strong for being at present under the pressure of solving the problems, such as in domestic bed necessaries.
Therefore the demand that a kind of concave-convex fabric of suitable domestic bed necessaries is market is developed.
Concave-convex cloth fabric be divided into from material pure cotton, polyester-cotton blend, it is pure wash series, and influence concave-convex sense because being known as:Flower pattern, group Knit, final finishing, washing arrange etc., especially final finishing, washing arrangement factor.Embossed fabric also has to be designed in terms of raw material, pure Cotton/spandex core-spun yarn is introduced in cotton concave-convex fabric, using the characteristic of cotton/spandex core-spun yarn elastic shrinkage, select suitable flower pattern, Stitch Matching develops the concave-convex fabric of a series of new style using the postfinishing process of stretch fabric, and this concave-convex fabric is shunk Great efforts cause grammes per square metre high, and fabric is thick and heavy.
Bumps, which are creased, mainly to be coordinated using tissue and line, and different degrees of crease and stereoeffect is showed.Currently, double Layer/tri- layers of concave-convex bed necessaries fabric mainly sells to American-European countries, and raw material also has polyester-cotton blend or wash product entirely, be made based on cotton Bed lid, pillow, pillow etc..Due to the difference of living habit, domestic less interested in this kind of product, domestic market does not have substantially There is woven concave-convex fabric, so, everybody is not many to this research with fabric.
Invention content
This project mainly studies dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric design and the key technology of production.Select heat Shrink larger raw material as weft yarn, through designing complex tissue, kiering at a certain temperature when final finishing makes fabric generate receipts Contracting so that product has the appearance of concave-convex effect, and makes its style reach a kind of brand-new vision and haptic effect.It is opened Leaven dough material clean mark is fine and smooth, three-dimensional sense is strong, and show a kind of dim moon bright, in picturesque disorder by the size in flower pattern block face Effect.A kind of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric, warp thread are combed cotton Compact-spun Yarns, and 9.7tex is through close 681/10cm;Weft yarn is general carded cotton yarn, 9.7tex, polyester FDY high-shrinkage filament, 150D/72F, 2:1 ratio, filling density 283 Root/10cm;It is organized as big Developing of Jacquard Weave.Fabric width is 300cm.
The weaving step of the fabric includes:Beam warper warping → sizing machine starching → gaits → and the big jacquard weave of arrow shaft knits It is woven to make → modify;
Beam warper warping requires to include:Warping radical is 840*4+841*20 roots, total quantity of warps 20180;Its Middle Side End Number 64*2 roots;Warped length 4850m, beam of a loom breadth 312cm;Convoluting speed 500m/min;
Sizing machine sizing requires to include:98 DEG C of slurry groove temperature;Stock tank viscosity 7.5s;Solid content 14.3%;The rate of sizing 12.5%;Speed 50m/min;Sizing machine twin shaft produces, and squeezing roller is divided into former and later two, and the second squeezing roller pressure is 8-20kN;
Recipe requirements of sizing mixing are:DF-BG converted starches 62.5kg;SPR-SC converted starches 62.5kg;QL-89 slurries 20kg;SLMO-96 sizing agents 2.5kg;Slurry temperature is 98 DEG C;Concentration of slurry is 10%;
What drawing-in machine was gaited requires to include:The porter of reed is that (tooth/2 inch) are 83#;Reed width is 308.8cm;Ground tissue Comprehensive threading method is suitable wears;The comprehensive threading method of Selvage Stitch is suitable wears;Ground tissue it is comprehensive enter number be 1;Selvage Stitch it is comprehensive enter number be 1;Ground group woven reed enters number It is 4;It is 4 that Selvage Stitch reed, which enters number,;Menopause tablet threading method is 1,2,3,4,5,6;Using plastic heddle;
The big jacquard of arrow shaft requires to include:Speed is 260rpm;Weft density on machine is 277/10cm;Open-type Formula is electronic jacquard;Opening time is 310 degree;It it is 65 degree into the sword time;It is 180 degree to connect the sword time;Back beam height is 0mm; Pre-tension is 300kg;Temperature and relative humidity are 23 DEG C~27 DEG C and 73%~79% respectively;
Finishing requires to include:Lump length 120m;Every overall length 360m;Every cloth weight 187kg;At packet regain 9.5%;
The dyeing and finishing step of the fabric includes:Fabric turns over seam → desizing → heat and wet treatment → and singes → wash → softness → water Wash → heat setting → finished product;
Desizing requires to include:55 DEG C of desizing liquid temperature;Processing time 60min;Then through 50 DEG C of hot water wash;Last cold water It washes;
Desizing recipe requirements are:Amylase 1.5g/L;Salt 5g/L;Penetrating agent JFC 1g/L;PH value 6;Bath raio 1:50;
Heat and wet treatment requires to include:Loose formula superheated water;90 DEG C~94 DEG C of water temperature;Processing time 60s;
That singes requires to include:Using gas singeing machine;
Soft requires to include:Using silicone oil softener 5g/L;One immersing and rolling;Pick-up 75%;140 DEG C for the treatment of temperature; Speed 35m/min;
Heat setting requires to include:It is shaped using hot wind stentering boarding machine, setting temperature is 140 DEG C, and fixing time is 60s。
Specific implementation mode
In this example, 200 meters originally manufactured experimently, fabric specification is JCF9.7TEX × (C9.7TEX+FDY150D/72F) 2:1 681 × 283/10CM, breadth 300CM, grammes per square metre 110G/M2
Single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric technical indicator to be achieved made from this method has:1, the clear layer of flower pattern, fabric Concave-convex effect is presented.2, the inherent index and presentation quality of fabric quality meet the requirement of relevant criterion Grade A.
The technical issues of being solved in trial-production
(1) product selects suitable FDY high-shrinkage filaments from source, has not only realized the low grammes per square metre of fabric, but also ensures that fabric bumps are floating The style of carving.Broadwise uses FDY150D/72F high-shrinkage filaments, and the generation of silk phenomenon is prevented brokenly in weaving.
(2) the flower pattern projection portion of single layer concave-convex fabric need to when longitude and latitude interweaves according to the shrinking percentage of raw material, weft yarn arrangement Institutional framework carrys out design difficulty.
(3) it in order to ensure that fabric finally has preferable embossed appearance effect, needs to carry out intertexture special rear whole Reason, especially kiering temperature, setting temperature and patent door width need to seek best technique setting by furtheing investigate.
The single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric of the present invention mainly meets the needs of consumer is to personalization of product, class.Profit With FDY high-shrinkage filaments and the design tactics of complex tissue, a kind of sliding feel silk, softness, comfortable, the production with concave-convex sense are developed Product, this product reduce grammes per square metre, application range is more extensive compared with common concave-convex cloth fabric in quite big degree.
The grammes per square metre of embossed fabric series fabric is generally relatively high, and which has limited its application field, the present invention is by repeatedly touching Rope forms technological package scheme to the embossed fabric of different grammes per square metre styles from raw material selection, flower pattern Stitch Matching and dyeing and finishing technology, The present invention proposes the design of low grammes per square metre bumps bed necessaries fabric.
The design principle of single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric can be from the aspect of following three:
(1) in terms of yarn selection:The selection of yarn has the appearance of fabric, style, decorative pattern, feel and wearability The different shrinking percentages of important influence, yarn can form different concave-convex effects.
(2) in terms of fabric structure:It is designed by cleverly fabric structure, can get the low grammes per square metre bumps effect of single layer The fabric of fruit.
(3) in terms of final finishing:By the reasonable setting and optimization to postfinishing process, to realize the final concave-convex effect of fabric Fruit.
The present invention need to fully understand the property of PDY fibers, internal highly oriented, low crystallization when choosing terylene high convergency Structure be to produce the prerequisite of dacron high-shrunk filament.For setting temperature at 90 DEG C or less, the boiling water shrinkage of silk is without apparent Variation, this is because all there are one the critical temperature Tcs being heat-treated for a kind of fiber, when heat treatment temperature is less than Tc, the knot of fiber Structure is substantially unchanged;When heat treatment temperature is higher than Tc, fibre structure generates irreversible change.With the raising of deformation temperature, Boiling water shrinkage and crimp contraction are on a declining curve.Temperature is too low, and molecule activity can be caused to weaken, and the rigidity of silk increases, Heat settability is deteriorated, and crimp contraction is made to reduce.
The weft yarn of the present invention uses cotton, FDY high-shrinkage filaments with 2:1 proportioning is interleaved the embossment for realizing web surface Effect, relative to two layers/tri- layers concave-convex fabric, the low concave-convex sense of grammes per square metre is strong, and processing efficiency is more efficient, while reducing and being produced into This.
The single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric of the present invention, not only appearance has concave-convex anaglyph, while having strength high, wear-resisting The performance advantages such as property good, good permeability, soft smooth, integrate practicability, comfort and functionality.
The present invention design procedure include:
1 product design is conceived
Two layers/tri- layers concave-convex fabric are pursued by European & American Market, but grammes per square metre is high, price.The single layer that the country adapts to The Development Rule of concave-convex bed necessaries fabric:
(1) appearance for the single layer concave-convex fabric developed is similar to multilayer concave-convex fabric, reaches flower pattern bumps embossment Effect, three-dimensional sense are strong.
(2) weft yarn uses cotton, FDY high-shrinkage filaments with 2:1 collocation, to improve the feel of fabric and promote the class of fabric.
(3) organization design uses the design tactics of complex tissue, avoids the sliding of interlacing point.
2 raw material specifications design
Material quality is the key that whether succeeding in developing, and it is to ensure that the fabric reaches design requirement to hold material quality pass Premise, therefore, weft yarn will ensure that raw material breaks silk without filoplume, and wool yarn must reject in advance, to ensure that yarn is bright and clean, have to simultaneously Ensure that tube forming is good, prevent the bobbin of bad bobbin and cob webbing, ensures that unwinding yarn is smooth.In order to reduce fabric Cost, grammes per square metre and exploitation 173 are through close big jacquard weave kind, and using list through double weft, i.e. warp thread uses combed cotton compact spinning 9.7tex, Weft yarn selects general cotton carding 9.7tex and FDY150D/72F with 2:1 collocation.The concrete specification:300cm JCF9.7tex×(C9.7tex +FDY150D/72F)2:The big jacquard weaves of 1 681 × 283/10cm
The design of 3 single layer concave-convex fabrics
1) selection of flower pattern
In order to obtain the strong low grammes per square metre bumps embossment fabric of three-dimensional sense, it should be noted at 2 points when selecting flower pattern:A, flower pattern is most Measure it is brief, choose the few abstract class of level, geometry class, skin texture class grain pattern;B, dishing out the partial block face of (protrusion) cannot be wide, to the greatest extent Amount control is within 1.5cm.It is grown in fabric backing due to floating, front has good wearability, can make drapery such as family Have covering fabric, bedding, curtain etc..
2) design organized
For example, the lines of bending are equivalent to flower, floated in the form of embossment on ground portion.In the tissue of embossment part, FDY High-shrinkage filament is sunken to surface lower portions, shows in the form of latitude floats long line, floats long line 0.1cm-2.0cm and differs, plays the role of contraction, Ground tissue is broken oblique using plain weave or four pieces, and final fabric longitudinally shows a degree of raised line effect.
3) it spreads tissue, generate line version
Selvage Stitch is rationally designed according to flower pattern and weft density, generates line version.This project, which is base area tissue, to be plain weave and sets It is set to plain weave, into the generation line version function of jacquard weaving CAD system, after clicking " generating line version ", system automatically forms line version.
4 prepare weaving process
(1) batch warping technique:The warping on Benniger warping machine, warping radical 840*4+841*20 roots.This process palpus Carry out following several points:1. carrying out the maintenance work of equipment, accomplish Plant in good condition;2. carrying out cleaning, ensure yarn path light Sliding clean impulse- free robustness, without being obstructed when unwinding yarn, even tension;3. spinner strictly presses operating instruction and operates.
(2) it weaves:Big jacquard loom is made using the dress of arrow shaft -340 173 to be weaved, door width is 300cm;It is woven specific Technological design is:681/10cm of warp-wise density, 283/10cm of latitudinal density, weaving speed are 260 revs/min.Before upper axis The routine works such as the maintenance of equipment are carried out, accomplish that long filament operating instruction is strictly pressed in the cleaning of Plant in good condition and ride, spinner Operation, we especially emphasize that cleaning work must be carried out to jacquard weave return spring, cannot have it is twisted, to ensure lower machine Grade A Rate.
(3) it modifies:Lower machine cloth will be examined in time, it is found that fault timely feedbacks and give weaving department, it is necessary to repair most float, especially Trimming does not have to comb sheaing after emphasizing, to prevent cloth cover from fluffing.
5 dyeing and finishing technologies
Dyeing and finishing technology is the critical process for making fabric generate concave-convex sense, and finishing process is more, and the tension that fabric is born is very Greatly, it is necessary to take measures, such as be processed using loose formula, to reduce elongation, keep the style creased, and work in-process reduces to the greatest extent Process or combining process.In addition, the characteristic of known raw material is most important, the actual measurement situation of dacron high-shrunk filament:
When A, being handled in 70 DEG C of hot water, shrinking percentage 15%, when being handled in being boiled at 90~100 DEG C, shrinking percentage 30%. And for certain knitted fabric, when being handled in 70C hot water, longitudinal contraction rate is more much bigger than laterally, reaches 60%, and horizontal To only 18%.
B, the shrink process time is preferably 15min.
C, high-shrinkage filament is stored on spool and does not have to for a long time, and shrinkage will weaken, and the resting period is more than half a year, is received Shrinkage declines 30%~40%.
D, high-shrinkage filament is as first through heat setting, then boiling water treating again, then shrinking percentage will substantially reduce.High-shrinkage filament is through boiling After water is shunk, fracture strength decline is larger, and extension at break increase is very big.Common silk is after boiling water treating, though intensity has reduction, It is smaller.
E, the friction coefficient of high-shrinkage filament is bigger than ordinary polyester long filament (to steel), when boiling water shrinkage increases, friction Coefficient increases.
Dacron high-shrunk filament is summarized as follows in the final finishing of broadwise woven fabric:
Dyeing and finishing technology flow:Fabric turns over seam → desizing → heat and wet treatment → and singes → wash → softness → washing → thermal finalization → finished product.
5.1 pre-treatment
For cotton fabric often with the mixing slurry of starch slurry or starch and PVA, the rate of sizing is generally 4%~8%.When desizing rate exists 80% or more can meet the requirement of dyeing and printing process.Enzyme desizing is one of the method for cotton fabric.Amylase (mainly α- Enzyme) there is strong catalyzing hydrolysis effect so that starch polymer is degraded to water-soluble in a mild condition starch polymer Dextrin, maltose and glucose.Using this effect of amylase, the starch slurry on fabric can be expeditiously decomposed, and wash Ingredient is biodegradable in relief liquor, environmentally safe.Desizing formula is:1~2g/L of amylase, salt 5g/L, penetrating agent JFC 1g/L, with vinegar acid for adjusting pH value to 6 or so, bath raio 1:50,55 DEG C of temperature, time 60min.
5.2 heat and wet treatment
Heat and wet treatment, which is the preboarding of releasing high-shrinkage filament, makes it fully shrink, and good concave-convex effect is formed in fabric surface Fruit, processing method are loose formula superheated water, 92 DEG C of water temperature, 2 DEG C of scholar, processing time 60S.
Shrink process is not imitated under the conditions of Tensile (not only without longitudinal stretching but also without cross directional stretch) or not in a free state Fruit is best.
5.3 singing
It singes and is placed on after heat and wet treatment, or without processing of singing.This project uses gas singeing machine, is applicable in various Textile fabric, especially good to concave-convex jacquard fabric effect, quality of singing is more uniform, and flame is easy to control.When gas singeing machine works Smaller to room temperature influence, the preparation time is short.
It singes and uses gas singeing method, terylene is prevented to be deteriorated.
5.4 final finishing
Soft stentering forming → calendering → soaks/rolls (pick-up 75%) → 140 DEG C * 35m/min
Soft stentering:Silicone oil softener:5g/l
Finished door width and concave-convex effect are considered when heat setting, so tension suffered by fabric should ensure that cloth cover is flat when sizing Minimum value is obtained on the basis of whole, the tension that such as shapes is too big, and fabric pique effect can be made to reduce.
Through arranging processing later after machine under fabric, since tissue is different, props up the grain cross tension come and disappear.Terylene is high Contractile filaments are shunk, and cotton yarn is not shunk, in this way, under the action of convergent force, grain cross floats long linear shrinkage, and then forms " warp-wise protrusion " shape effect.
5.5 product inspection clots
It is detected by GB standard, finished product clot.
The method of technological difficulties and solution in 6 trial-productions
The technological difficulties of this single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric are:1) conception and design of flower pattern combines multilayer male and fomale(M&F) later The design method of material, increasing fixed point prevents from sliding;2) prepare, the adjustment of weaving process, the adjustment of weaving process and produced It keeps under strict control to broken silk in journey.3) final finishing obtains the improvement of concave-convex effect and feel, first uses amylase low temperature desizing, reusable heat wet Processing obtains concave-convex sense, executed in strict accordance with technique in operation, and the control and silicone oil agent of patent door width improve the feel of fabric.
Experiment:
After the completion of manufacturing experimently dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric, the relevant technologies are summarized, the product Production focuses on weaving, the design of flower pattern stitch technique and final finishing, should ensure appearance style, the inherent quality of fabric, simultaneously Also want control cost.Washing shrinkage, ultimate strength, landing-gear design etc. have been carried out to the fabric of trial-production to be tested, and have been tested As a result it complies with standard.
This project mainly studies the fabric of single layer concave-convex effect, and weaving process cannot generate brokenly silk, and final finishing uses enzyme Desizing, it is environmentally protective, save cost and convenient and efficient.Suitable for home textile field, there is extraordinary promotional value space.Project Warp thread use 9.7tex combed cotton, through it is close be 681/10cm;Weft yarn is the general cotton cardings of 9.7tex and the FDY high receipts of 150D/72F Contracting silk presses 1:1 is configured, and filling density is 283/10cm, is interleaved using big figured texture weave, when by means of weft yarn final finishing Shrinkage and the collective effect of tissue realize the concave-convex anaglyph of fabric.
There are several key points when designing production:1) design tactics of flower pattern tissue;2) debugging of weaving process.3) after The assurance of finishing technique, it is ensured that concave-convex effect and soft.
Technological design:
One, product specification
Fabric specification:300cm JCF9.7tex×(C9.7tex+FDY150D/72F)2:1 681 × 283/10cm is big Jacquard weave
Two, production process
Weave the technological process of production:
Single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric courageously uses the raw material of property, well-designed grain pattern to be taken in weaving a series of The anti-broken silk of tackling key problem measure, final finishing use enzyme desizing and heat and wet treatment, have reached concave-convex effect, it is thin that entire fabric shows finishing impression The embossed appearance chiseled, being applied in bed necessaries has stronger practicability.
The economy of scheme:The grammes per square metre 200-500G/M of general multilayer concave-convex fabric2, the price of multilayer concave-convex fabric is washed entirely For 35 yuan/meter or so, belong to low side concave-convex fabric, and cotton multilayer concave-convex fabric price is about 60 yuan/meter, 70 yuan/meter, face Expect soft, good permeability, but price is somewhat expensive, calculating three-piece cost by this unit price is up to 400/ set, 500 yuan/set, America and Europe Consumer can not receive high price and the fabric domestic consumer of heavy feeling is not easily accepted by.The worth single layer bumps bed necessaries of this method Fabric collects the advantage of multilayer embossed fabric, has concave-convex sense, and price only has 27.8 yuan/meter and the low only 110G/M of grammes per square metre2, than The psychological needs and aesthetic conceptions quality-high and inexpensive compared with consumer is met.
Examination criteria and foundation
(1) GB18401-2010 national general safety technical code for textile products B classes
(2) the mating bedding of GB/T 22844-2009
Conclusion is to meet the Grade A requirement of above-mentioned 2 standard
The gross index of fabric is as shown in the table:

Claims (1)

1. a kind of method for weaving of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric, it is characterized in that the fabric:
Warp thread is combed cotton Compact-spun Yarn, 9.7tex, through it is close be 681/10cm;
Weft yarn is general carded cotton yarn, 9.7tex, polyester FDY high-shrinkage filament, 150D/72F, 2:1 ratio, filling density are 283/10cm;
It is organized as big Developing of Jacquard Weave;Fabric width is 300cm;
The weaving step of the fabric is:Beam warper warping → sizing machine sizing → drawing-in machine gaits → and the big jacquard weave of arrow shaft knits It is woven to make → modify;
Beam warper warping requires to include:Warping radical is 840 × 4+841 × 20 piece, total quantity of warps 20180;Wherein Side End Number 64 × 2;Warped length is 4850m, and beam of a loom breadth is 312cm;Convoluting speed is 500m/min;
Sizing machine sizing requires to include:Slurry groove temperature is 98 DEG C, stock tank viscosity be 7.5 this, solid content be 14.3%;The rate of sizing It is 12.5%;Speed is 50m/min;Sizing machine twin shaft produces, and squeezing roller is divided into former and later two, and the second squeezing roller pressure is 8- 20kN;Slurry formula requires:Converted starch DF-BG is 62.5kg;Converted starch SPR-SC is 62.5kg;QL-89 slurries are 20kg;SLMO-96 sizing agents are 2.5kg;Slurry temperature is 98 DEG C;Concentration of slurry is 10%;
What drawing-in machine was gaited requires to include:The porter of reed is 83#;Reed width is 308.8cm;Tissue comprehensive threading method in ground is suitable wears; The comprehensive threading method of Selvage Stitch is suitable wears;Ground tissue it is comprehensive enter number be 1;Selvage Stitch it is comprehensive enter number be 1;It is 4 that ground group woven reed, which enters number,;Selvage Stitch reed enters Number is 4;Menopause tablet threading method is 1,2,3,4,5,6;Using plastic heddle;
The big jacquard of arrow shaft requires to include:Speed is 260rpm;Weft density on machine is 277/10cm;Opening pattern be Electronic jacquard;Opening time is 310 degree;It it is 65 degree into the sword time;It is 180 degree to connect the sword time;Back beam height is 0mm;Pre-add Tension is 300kg;Temperature and relative humidity are 23 DEG C~27 DEG C and 73%~79% respectively;
Finishing requires to include:Lump length is 120m;Every overall length is 360m;Every cloth is 187kg again;It is at packet regain 9.5%.
CN201710529673.XA 2017-07-02 2017-07-02 The method for weaving of dacron high-shrunk filament single layer bumps bed necessaries fabric CN107338557B (en)

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CN108642647A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-10-12 绍兴水乡纺织品有限公司 One kind crumpling imitative jacquard fabrics and its manufacture craft
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