CN107337289A - A kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy - Google Patents

A kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107337289A
CN107337289A CN201710550496.3A CN201710550496A CN107337289A CN 107337289 A CN107337289 A CN 107337289A CN 201710550496 A CN201710550496 A CN 201710550496A CN 107337289 A CN107337289 A CN 107337289A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy
reverse osmosis
water
pump
seawater
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CN201710550496.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高瑾瑾
郑源
王甜
李涧鸣
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河海大学
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Priority to CN201710550496.3A priority Critical patent/CN107337289A/en
Publication of CN107337289A publication Critical patent/CN107337289A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/441Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by reverse osmosis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/06Stations or aggregates of water-storage type, e.g. comprising a turbine and a pump
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/007Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with means for converting solar radiation into useful energy
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/008Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations the wind motor being combined with water energy converters, e.g. a water turbine
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/08Seawater, e.g. for desalination
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/009Apparatus with independent power supply, e.g. solar cells, windpower, fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/10Relating to general water supply, e.g. municipal or domestic water supply
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/126Water desalination characterized by the method
    • Y02A20/131Reverse-osmosis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/10Relating to general water supply, e.g. municipal or domestic water supply
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination powered by a renewable energy source
    • Y02A20/141Water desalination powered by a renewable energy source the source being wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/10Relating to general water supply, e.g. municipal or domestic water supply
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/138Water desalination powered by a renewable energy source
    • Y02A20/142Water desalination powered by a renewable energy source the source being solar thermal or photovoltaics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/22Conventional, e.g. with dams, turbines and waterwheels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/725Generator or configuration
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/17Pumped storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/10Efficient use of energy
    • Y02P80/156Efficient use of energy in fluid distribution systems
    • Y02P80/158Solar or wind-powered water pumping not specially adapted for irrigation

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy, belongs to the fields such as wind light mutual complementing power generation technology, seawater water-storage technology, desalination technology, intelligent control technology.Photovoltaic array includes the photovoltaic power generation plate of several equidistantly distributeds, and wind-driven generator, photovoltaic array are fixedly installed on the ground, and wind-driven generator, photovoltaic array are electrically connected inverter;Inverter electrically connects controller, and high-level reservoir is opened in the place higher than low level cistern, and high-level reservoir opens up the passage of connection low level cistern, and valve is installed on passage, and Reversible Pump-Turbine group is arranged on passage;Inverter, Reversible Pump-Turbine group, load, battery are electrically connected controller, load electrical connection battery.The present invention is combined water-storage with wind and solar hybrid generating system, and the characteristic changed rapidly can make up the unstability of wind-power electricity generation, and more peak-clipping and valley-filling capacity and frequency modulation, phase modulation, emergency episode stand-by power supply are provided for system, highly reliable.

Description

A kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy, belongs to scene The fields such as complemental power-generation technology, seawater water-storage technology, desalination technology, intelligent control technology.

Background technology

There are many small-sized islands for deviateing continent in China(Area accounts for national island sum in 500m2~5km2 98%), power network is difficult to reach, and most area uses diesel power generation, with the shortage of oil and the rise of oil price, is generated electricity into This rapidly goes up, the daily life in short supply for connecing the economic development and resident that constrain small-sized island of electric energy.Some island are even Gradually fallen into disuse, most of small-sized island all suffers from this electricity shortage and absorbed water the problems such as difficult.And Island wind energy provides Source is enriched, and good genetic prerequisite is provided to solve electricity consumption from far-off regions.For these situations, present island uses wind more It can be powered.

Current wind and solar hybrid generating system typically uses battery accumulation of energy, but the life of storage battery is short, cost is high, has dirt Dye, and it is unable to mass storage electric energy.And seawater water-storage can be filled out not only like conventional water-storage with mass storage electric energy, peak regulation Paddy, and start that rapid, climbing unloading rate is fast, flexible operation is reliable, also have independent of freshwater resources, construction cost is low, energy The advantages that amount production is reliable and environmentally friendly.The flexibility of its fast transition can make up on island the randomness of wind and solar energy and uneven Property, provide more peak-clipping and valley-filling capacity and frequency modulation, phase modulation, emergency episode stand-by power supply etc. for system.Therefore, taken out using seawater Water accumulation of energy carries out accumulation of energy to wind and solar hybrid generating system.Because the startup and stopping of pump-storage generator need the regular hour, And ' S ' range of instability be present in Reversible Pump-Turbine, at this moment between in section, system dead electricity or electric energy can not consume, so, A certain amount of battery of system configuration, both solve above mentioned problem, while certain system capacity can also be balanced.

Desalinization is combined with renewable energy system, can effectively solve the problem that and use energy, problem of water consumption, and seawater on island Desalination has good adaptability and schedulability, can solve the problem that load and the matching problem contributed.Desalinization has variable The characteristics of load, adjustable, highly energy-consuming.Combined with regenerative resource, when contributing big, voluminous water;When contributing small, Water is produced less.Regenerative resource can be adapted to a certain extent goes out fluctuation, is undertaken in terms of the energy balance of system important Role.

The content of the invention

The technical problems to be solved by the invention are the defects of overcoming prior art, there is provided one kind collection wind energy luminous energy and seawater Accumulation of energy is in the reverse osmosis desalination device of one.

To reach above-mentioned purpose, the present invention, which provides, a kind of integrates wind energy luminous energy and the counter-infiltration seawater of seawater accumulation of energy is light Makeup is put, including valve, photovoltaic array, wind-driven generator, inverter, controller, high-level reservoir, low level cistern, reversible Formula pump turbine group, battery and load;The photovoltaic array includes the photovoltaic power generation plate of several equidistantly distributeds, described Wind-driven generator, the photovoltaic array are fixedly installed on the ground, and the wind-driven generator, the photovoltaic array are electrically connected respectively Connect the inverter;The inverter electrically connects the controller, and the high-level reservoir is opened in higher than the low level water storage The place in pond, the high-level reservoir open up the passage for connecting the low level cistern, the valve, institute are installed on the passage Reversible Pump-Turbine group is stated on the passage;It is the inverter, the Reversible Pump-Turbine group, described negative Carry, the battery is electrically connected the controller, the load electrical connection battery.

Preferentially, the position of the high-level reservoir is higher than the low level cistern 100-200 rice.

Preferentially, the Reversible Pump-Turbine group includes pump operating condition and hydraulic turbine condition, the pump operating condition bag Water pump, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe are included, the water inlet of the water pump connects the low level cistern, the water by the water inlet pipe The delivery port of pump connects the high-level reservoir by the outlet pipe;The hydraulic turbine condition includes the hydraulic turbine, the water wheels Machine is fixedly installed on the passage.

Preferentially, including reverse osmosis desalination device, the reverse osmosis desalination device include water intake system, pre- place Module, reverse osmosis deaslination module and post-processing module are managed, the water intake system includes intake pipe, water pump and water tank, described Water pump is placed on the intake pipe, and one end of the intake pipe connects the low level cistern, the intake pipe it is another End connects the water tank, and the water tank connects the pretreatment module, and the pretreatment module connects the counter-infiltration and taken off Salt module, the post-processing module are arranged in the reverse osmosis deaslination module.

Preferentially, the pretreatment module includes drinking-water pipe, feed pump, more medium filter and cartridge filter, described Water tank connects the more medium filter by the drinking-water pipe, and the feed pump is arranged on the drinking-water pipe, described more Medium filter connects the cartridge filter, and the cartridge filter connects the reverse osmosis deaslination module.

Preferentially, the more medium filter model HKY-DZL08;The cartridge filter is bag filter.

Preferentially, the reverse osmosis deaslination module includes water inlet pipe, high-pressure pump, reverse osmosis membrane assembly and production water tank, institute To state cartridge filter and the reverse osmosis membrane assembly is connected by the water inlet pipe, the high-pressure pump is arranged on the water inlet pipe, The reverse osmosis membrane assembly connects the production water tank.

Preferentially, the post-processing module includes energy recycle device, and the energy recycle device is PX-45S positive displacements Formula pressure exchanger, the cartridge filter delivery port, the reverse osmosis membrane assembly delivery port are respectively communicated with the energy regenerating Device water inlet, the energy recycle device delivery port connect the reverse osmosis membrane assembly water inlet.

Preferentially, the reverse osmosis membrane assembly is divided in four pressure putaminas using eight Tao Shi seawater membrane components, and four Individual pressure putamina is arranged under the overlay from the top down successively, and the high-pressure pump connects the left end of four pressure putaminas, described in four The right-hand member of pressure putamina connects the production water tank.

Preferentially, the Tao Shi seawater membrane component is SW30HRLE-400 models;The pressure putamina uses R8040C100S- 4W, 1000psi, 4 core.

The beneficial effect that the present invention is reached:

(1)In the present invention water-storage device can mass storage electric energy, use sea water as low level cistern, save build into This, and as conventional water-storage device, can with peak-clipping and valley-filling, Unit Commitment is rapid, operation is sensitive reliable, it is rapid to change Characteristic can make up the unstability of wind-power electricity generation, provide more peak-clipping and valley-filling capacity and frequency modulation, phase modulation, urgent thing for system Therefore stand-by power supply etc., while have the advantages that energy production is reliably and environmentally friendly;The present invention is dexterously mutual with scene by water-storage Electric system combination is reissued, on the one hand battery can be replaced to carry out energy storage to whole system, on the other hand also improve whole system The stability of system;Battery is still equipped with system, for undertaking transient peak loading, adds the stability of system;For island The problem of middle shortage fresh water, the system combines sea water desalinating unit, the problem of efficiently solving island fresh water.

(2)The problems such as apparatus of the present invention are for the conventional energy resource scarcity on small-sized island, shortage electric energy and fresh water, can not only Effectively using local abundant wind energy, solar energy resources and seawater resources, wind light mutual complementing power generation, seawater hydroenergy storage station are utilized With battery combination energy storage, supply sea water desalinating unit produces fresh water.Wind energy and solar energy supply load have unnecessary in systems During electric energy, drawn water using the pump operating condition of Reversible Pump-Turbine, the seawater of low level cistern is extracted into elevated storage Pond, unnecessary electric energy is become into water to store;In wind energy and solar energy supply load electric energy deficiency, reversible water is utilized The hydraulic turbine condition of pump turbine is generated electricity, and water can be become into electric energy, connect sea water desalinating unit supply load.Both solve to work as The problem of ground electric energy is in short supply, also it can provide fresh water for local resident.The system is stable, environmental protection, and operating cost is low.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the sectional view of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the theory diagram of reverse osmosis desalination device in the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of wind energy in the present invention, luminous energy and the integration of seawater pumped storage.

In figure, 1- photovoltaic arrays, 2- wind-driven generators, 3- inverters, 4- controllers, 5- high-level reservoirs, 6- reversibles Pump turbine group, 7- low level cisterns, 8- batteries, 9- loads, 10- pump operating conditions, 11- hydraulic turbine conditions, 12- high mountains, 13- water intake systems, 14- feed pumps, 15- more medium filters, 16- cartridge filters, 17- high-pressure pumps, 18- reverse osmosis membrane groups Part, 19- production water tanks, 20- energy recycle devices, 21- water tanks, 22- pretreatment modules, 23- reverse osmosis deaslination modules, 24- Post-processing module, 25- control modules.

Embodiment

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.Following examples are only used for clearly illustrating the present invention Technical scheme, and can not be limited the scope of the invention with this.

A kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy, including valve, photovoltaic array 1st, wind-driven generator 2, inverter 3, controller 5, high-level reservoir 5, low level cistern 7, Reversible Pump-Turbine group 6, storage Battery 8 and load 9;Photovoltaic array 1 includes the photovoltaic power generation plate of several equidistantly distributeds, wind-driven generator 2, photovoltaic array 1 It is fixedly installed on the ground, wind-driven generator 2, photovoltaic array 1 are electrically connected inverter 3;Inverter 3 electrically connects controller 5, high-level reservoir 5 is opened in the place higher than low level cistern 7, and high-level reservoir 5 opens up the logical of connection low level cistern 7 Road, valve is installed on passage, and Reversible Pump-Turbine group 6 is arranged on passage;Inverter 3, Reversible Pump-Turbine group 6th, load 9, battery 8 are electrically connected controller 4, the electrical connection battery 8 of load 9.

Further, the position of high-level reservoir 5 reaches 100-200 rice higher than low level cistern 7.

Further, Reversible Pump-Turbine group 6 includes pump operating condition 10 and hydraulic turbine condition 11, pump operating condition 10 Including water pump, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, the water inlet of the water pump connects the low level cistern 7, institute by the water inlet pipe The delivery port for stating water pump connects the high-level reservoir 5 by the outlet pipe;The hydraulic turbine condition 11 includes the hydraulic turbine, institute The hydraulic turbine is stated to be fixedly installed on the passage.

Further, load 9 includes reverse osmosis desalination device, and reverse osmosis desalination device includes water intake system 13rd, pretreatment module 22, reverse osmosis deaslination module 23 and post-processing module 24, water intake system 13 include intake pipe, water pump and Water tank 21, water pump is placed on intake pipe, one end connection low level cistern 7 of intake pipe, the other end connection of intake pipe Water tank 21, water tank 21 connect pretreatment module 22, and pretreatment module 22 connects reverse osmosis deaslination module 23, post-processing module 24 are arranged in reverse osmosis deaslination module 23.

Desalinization uses reverse osmosis membrane, and uses modular unit, as shown in Figure 2.Water module 21:Using taking Water system extracts seawater;Pretreatment module 22:Using feed pump 14 by seawater through more medium filter 15 and cartridge filter 16 Filtering;Reverse osmosis deaslination module 23:Increase the pressure of seawater side using high-pressure pump 7, the hydrone in seawater is pressed onto counter-infiltration The opposite side of permeable membrane in membrane module 18, fresh water is produced, deliver to production water tank 19;Post-processing module 24:Filled using energy regenerating The energy being set effective in recovery desalting process, reaches energy-saving effect;Control module 25:Control the progress of whole flow process;Profit Can be by desalinating sea water into fresh water, for domestic water with the present apparatus.

Further, pretreatment module 22 includes drinking-water pipe, feed pump 14, more medium filter 15 and cartridge filter 16, water tank 21 connects more medium filter 15 by drinking-water pipe, and feed pump 14 is arranged on drinking-water pipe, more medium filter 15 Cartridge filter 16 is connected, cartridge filter 16 connects reverse osmosis deaslination module 23.

Further, the model HKY-DZL08 of more medium filter 15;Cartridge filter 16 is bag filter.

Further, reverse osmosis deaslination module includes water inlet pipe, high-pressure pump 17, reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18 and production water tank 19, cartridge filter 16 connects reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18 by water inlet pipe, and high-pressure pump is arranged on water inlet pipe, reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18 connection production water tanks 19.

Further, post-processing module 24 includes energy recycle device 20, the energy recycle device 20 be PX-45S just Displacement-type pressure exchanger, the delivery port of cartridge filter 16, the delivery port of the reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18 are respectively communicated with described The water inlet of energy recycle device 20, the delivery port of energy recycle device 20 connect the water inlet of reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18.

The low pressure seawater of the outlet conduit outflow of the cartridge filter 16 enters the energy recycle device 20 from one end, The high-pressure thick salt that the reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18 exports enters the energy recycle device 20 from the other end, and pressure energy is in institute State after being swapped in energy recycle device 20, low pressure seawater be transformed into high pressure sea water flow out to the high-pressure pump 17 with it is described anti- In water inlet pipe between permeable membrane element 18.

Further, reverse osmosis membrane assembly 18 is divided in four pressure putaminas using eight eight inches of Tao Shi seawater membrane components Interior, four pressure putaminas are arranged under the overlay from the top down successively, and high-pressure pump 17 connects the left end of four pressure putaminas, four pressure membranes The right-hand member connection production water tank 19 of shell.

Further, Tao Shi seawater membrane component is SW30HRLE-400 models;Pressure putamina uses R8040C100S-4W, 1000psi, 4 cores.

The course of work of the present invention:

High-level reservoir 5 of the cistern as system is built on high mountain away from seashore certain distance on small-sized island, on mountain Push up the distinguished and admirable condition in cistern periphery and wind-driven generator 2 is set compared with benefit, the light of area without shade laying photovoltaic battery panel composition on hillside Photovoltaic array 1, by the use of ocean as low level cistern 7, set between high-level reservoir 5 and low level cistern 7 on interface channel Reversible Pump-Turbine group 6, the Reversible Pump-Turbine group 6 has is drawn into institute by the water of described low level cistern 7 Pump operating condition 10 in the high-level reservoir 5 stated and the underwater low level cistern 7 that flows to of the high-level reservoir is used to send out The hydraulic turbine condition 11 of electricity, the electricity generation system of wind energy-luminous energy-seawater pumped storage integration of formation, flow is shown in accompanying drawing 3, then passes through Controller 4 connects reverse osmosis desalination device.

1. wind power generation part is that wind energy is converted into mechanical energy using wind energy conversion system, mechanical energy is turned by wind-driven generator Electric energy is changed to, solar power generation part is to convert light energy into electric energy using the photovoltaic effect of photovoltaic battery panel, then passes through control Device charges to battery, by inverter to load supplying;

2. seawater water-storage part is by Reversible Pump-Turbine unit, high level water storage pond, low level cistern and passage group Into can be drawn water when operating in pump operating condition, the seawater of low level cistern is extracted into high-level reservoir, electric energy is become into water It can store;When operating in hydraulic turbine condition, generated electricity using the water-head of high-low water level seawater cistern, water can be become Into electric energy;In the load valley phase, Reversible Pump-Turbine operates in pump operating condition, using unnecessary electric energy by low level cistern Water be extracted into high-level reservoir, electric energy is become into water to store;In load boom period, Reversible Pump-Turbine operates in Hydraulic turbine condition, using the level difference generation of high-low water level cistern, water can be become into electric energy.

3. inverter becomes the direct current in battery in the 220V alternating currents of standard, ensureing AC load equipment just Often use.Also there is automatic voltage regulation function simultaneously, the power supply quality of wind and solar hybrid generating system can be improved;

4. controller 4 is constantly carried out according to the change of intensity of sunshine, wind-force size and load to the working condition of battery 8 Switching and regulation.To give load the electric energy that wind energy, luminous energy are transformed first, then unnecessary wind energy, luminous energy conversion and The electric energy come is sent to accumulators store, and the electric energy that remaining wind energy, luminous energy are transformed by accumulator electric-quantity after being filled with is used for can Electric energy is become water by inverse formula pump turbine group operation pumping operation mode to be stored.When generated energy can not meet load needs, The electric energy of battery is sent to load by controller, and when battery can not meet load, controller is by reversible pump water wheels The operating condition of unit is adjusted to hydraulic turbine condition and carries out generating supply load, ensure that the continuity of whole system work and steady It is qualitative.5. battery section is by polylith batteries into playing energy adjustment in systems, balance the load and undertake instantaneous negative The effect of lotus.The electric energy of wind and solar hybrid generating system output is converted into chemical energy and stored by it, in case making during electricity shortage With.

The present invention uses four big advantages of seawater water-storage device:First, low level cistern is used as using ocean, it is not necessary to It is extra to build low level cistern, also independent of freshwater resources, save construction cost and fresh water;Second, energy storage, i.e., by wind-power electricity generation Unnecessary electrical power storage get up;Third, peak regulation, i.e., according to load variations situation, adjust machine class frequency, peak regulation is carried out to system;Four It is frequency modulation, be i.e. the change according to system frequency, when system frequency exceeds defined normal range (NR), increases or reduce going out for unit Power, to reach new balance, the frequency of control system is changed in certain scope, so as to ensure the stabilization of system.With sea Ocean can sufficiently utilize seawater resources as low level cistern;The function of energy storage can make full use of wind energy and solar energy to provide Source;The characteristics of peak regulation and frequency modulation make use of Hydropower Unit start and stop rapid.

The present invention is improved on the basis of traditional wind and solar hybrid generating system, is replaced with seawater hydroenergy storage station Part battery, on the one hand adds power reservoir capacity, on the other hand also increases the stability of system;Configuration module in systems Change sea water desalinating unit, system is met small-sized islander's electricity consumption, and fresh water can be provided;Meanwhile the present invention The wind energy and seawater resources that island is enriched can be utilized, has not only saved fossil energy, and more solve conventional water-storage Dependence Problem of the power station to freshwater resources.

Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, some improvement and deformation can also be made, these are improved and deformation Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy, it is characterised in that including valve, Photovoltaic array(1), wind-driven generator(2), inverter(3), controller(5), high-level reservoir(5), low level cistern(7), can Inverse formula pump turbine group(6), battery(8), the photovoltaic array(1)Photovoltaic generation including several equidistantly distributeds Plate, the wind-driven generator(2), the photovoltaic array(1)It is fixedly installed on the ground, the wind-driven generator(2), it is described Photovoltaic array(1)It is electrically connected the inverter(3);The inverter(3)Electrically connect the controller(5), the high position Cistern(5)It is opened in and is higher than the low level cistern(7)Place, the high-level reservoir(5)Open up the connection low level Cistern(7)Passage, the valve, the Reversible Pump-Turbine group are installed on the passage(6)Installed in described logical On road;The inverter(3), the Reversible Pump-Turbine group(6), the battery(8)It is electrically connected the control Device(4).
  2. 2. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 1, Characterized in that, the high-level reservoir(5)Position be higher than the low level cistern(7)100-200 rice.
  3. 3. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 1, Characterized in that, the Reversible Pump-Turbine group(6)Including pump operating condition(10)And hydraulic turbine condition(11), the water pump Operating mode(10)Including water pump, water inlet pipe and outlet pipe, the water inlet of the water pump connects the low level by the water inlet pipe and stored Pond(7), the delivery port of the water pump passes through the outlet pipe and connects the high-level reservoir(5);The hydraulic turbine condition (11)Including the hydraulic turbine, the hydraulic turbine is fixedly installed on the passage.
  4. 4. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 1, It is characterised in that it includes reverse osmosis desalination device, the reverse osmosis desalination device includes water intake system(13), pre- place Manage module(22), reverse osmosis deaslination module(23)And post-processing module(24), the water intake system(13)Including intake pipe, water intaking Pump and water tank(21), the water pump is placed on the intake pipe, and one end of the intake pipe connects the low level water storage Pond(7), the other end connection water tank of the intake pipe(21), the water tank(21)Connect the pretreatment module (22), the pretreatment module(22)Connect the reverse osmosis deaslination module(23), the post-processing module(24)Installed in institute State reverse osmosis deaslination module(23)On.
  5. 5. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 4, Characterized in that, the pretreatment module(22)Including drinking-water pipe, feed pump(14), more medium filter(15)Filtered with security personnel Device(16), the water tank(21)The more medium filter is connected by the drinking-water pipe(15), the feed pump(14)Peace On the drinking-water pipe, the more medium filter(15)Connect the cartridge filter(16), the cartridge filter (16)Connect the reverse osmosis deaslination module(23).
  6. 6. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 5, Characterized in that, the more medium filter(15)Model HKY-DZL08;The cartridge filter(16)For bag type filtering Device.
  7. 7. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 5, Characterized in that, the reverse osmosis deaslination module includes water inlet pipe, high-pressure pump(17), reverse osmosis membrane assembly(18)With production water tank (19), the cartridge filter(16)The reverse osmosis membrane assembly is connected by the water inlet pipe(18), the high-pressure pump installation On the water inlet pipe, the reverse osmosis membrane assembly(18)Connect the production water tank(19).
  8. 8. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 7, Characterized in that, the post-processing module(24)Including energy recycle device(20), the energy recycle device(20)For PX- 45S positive displacement pressure exchangers, the cartridge filter(16)Delivery port, the reverse osmosis membrane assembly(18)Delivery port is distinguished Connect the energy recycle device(20)Water inlet, the energy recycle device(20)Delivery port connects the reverse osmosis membrane assembly (18)Water inlet.
  9. 9. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 7, Characterized in that, the reverse osmosis membrane assembly(18)It is divided in using eight Tao Shi seawater membrane components in four pressure putaminas, four Individual pressure putamina is arranged under the overlay from the top down successively, the high-pressure pump(17)The left end of four pressure putaminas of connection, four The right-hand member of the pressure putamina connects the production water tank(19).
  10. 10. a kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy according to claim 9, Characterized in that, the Tao Shi seawater membrane component is SW30HRLE-400 models;The pressure putamina uses R8040C100S- 4W, 1000psi, 4 core.
CN201710550496.3A 2017-07-07 2017-07-07 A kind of reverse osmosis desalination device for integrating wind energy luminous energy and seawater accumulation of energy CN107337289A (en)

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WO2019215292A1 (en) * 2018-05-09 2019-11-14 Tergys Mixed system for treating and producing water and generating electricity

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