CN107336566A - Air-free tyre and automobile - Google Patents

Air-free tyre and automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107336566A
CN107336566A CN201611107126.4A CN201611107126A CN107336566A CN 107336566 A CN107336566 A CN 107336566A CN 201611107126 A CN201611107126 A CN 201611107126A CN 107336566 A CN107336566 A CN 107336566A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spoke
air
ring
free tyre
tire
Prior art date
Application number
CN201611107126.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘守银
Original Assignee
安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司
Priority to CN201611107126.4A priority Critical patent/CN107336566A/en
Publication of CN107336566A publication Critical patent/CN107336566A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING OR REPAIRING; REPAIRING, OR CONNECTING VALVES TO, INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C7/00Non-inflatable or solid tyres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60CVEHICLE TYRES; TYRE INFLATION; TYRE CHANGING OR REPAIRING; REPAIRING, OR CONNECTING VALVES TO, INFLATABLE ELASTIC BODIES IN GENERAL; DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS RELATED TO TYRES
    • B60C2200/00Tyres specially adapted for particular applications
    • B60C2200/04Tyres specially adapted for particular applications for road vehicles, e.g. passenger cars

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of air-free tyre and automobile, the air-free tyre includes rubber tread and spoke, rubber tread is sleeved on spoke, median plane of the spoke along air-free tyre is divided into left side spoke and right side spoke, left side spoke and right side spoke include spoke outer ring, spoke centre circle, spoke inner ring, interior spoke and outer spoke, the both ends of outer spoke are fixedly connected with the spoke outer ring of homonymy and spoke centre circle respectively, and the both ends of interior spoke are fixedly connected with the spoke centre circle and spoke inner ring of homonymy respectively;Outer spoke, spoke centre circle and interior spoke three form herringbone structure, and the herringbone structure in left side spoke and right side spoke is arranged in opposite direction.The automobile includes foregoing air-free tyre.The present invention can prevent vehicle from being blown out when running at high speed, and improve the safety and reliability of vehicle traveling, can simultaneously ensure to brake and accelerate not lag.

Description

Air-free tyre and automobile

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of tire, particularly a kind of air-free tyre;The invention further relates to one kind to use foregoing no turbine The automobile of tire.

Background technology

Tire is mounted on automobile and the component rolled is contacted with ground.Tire be able to will be not only born as transfer pair The vehicle load of elephant, also to buffer the uneven caused traveling impact in ground.

Tire and wheel make motor racing in vehicle bridge (axle) power transmission between ground.Therefore, tire and wheel arrangement should Meet following basic demands:Enough load-bearing capacities and speed ability, there is less rolling resistance and running noise, good Attachment characteristic and mass balance, wear-resistant, resistance to puncture, ageing-resistant and good air-tightness, quality is small, price is low, convenient disassembly, Interchangeability is good.

Tire has a variety of sorting techniques, wherein, it is divided into radial, cross-ply etc. by carcass structure difference;By curtain Wire material difference steel splitting wire tire, half steel wire tire, staple fibre tire and cotton cord tyre;Divide passenger car by purposes difference (referring to car, light bus) tire, commercial car (referring to lorry, motorbus) tire, off-highway wheel tire, special purpose vehicle tire; Divide highway tread pattern tire, cross-country tread pattern tire, dual purpose tread pattern tire and extraordinary rib tire by tread contour difference;Press section shape Shape difference is divided to two kinds of conventional section tyre and low-profile tyre;It is divided to tubed tyre and tubeless tyre two by air tight manner difference Kind.

Passenger vehicle tyre size is small, and high speed and comfortableness are good;Commercial car tire size is big, and bearing capacity is strong;It is off-highway It is good with wheel tire tack, the resistance to puncture of tyre surface, suitable for working under severe conditions.Highway tread pattern tire drag is small, makes an uproar Sound is small, and suitable for being used on paved road, wherein annular ribs tire is applied to good road surface, and transverse pattern tire is applied to soil Stone road surface;Cross-country tread pattern tire is applied to bad road surface or used without road area;Dual purpose tread pattern tire is suitable for use with pavement conditions Protean occasion.

The widely used aerated rubber tyre of present automobile, pneumatic tire are injected compressed air in confined space to keep The tire of shock-absorbing capacity is obtained while tire shape by air pressure, wherein it is divided into tubed tyre and tubeless tyre again, Tubeless tyre is called vacuum tyre.However, there is the defects of being punctured or being difficult to keep its shape when tearing in pneumatic tire.At a high speed If pneumatic tire bursts during traveling, the operability of vehicle becomes extreme difference, be the reason for causing the major accidents such as overturning it One.

In the basic performance of tire, tire it is elastic extremely important.When carrying out structure mechanics analysis to tire, such as scheme Shown in 1, tire this elastic model is often divided into tread rubber layer 100, belt 200 and 300 3, sidewall elastic ring, and handle Wheel 400 regards rigidity as, and with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, these three elastic rings form the lateral stiffness K of tires, radial rigidity KrWith turn Dynamic stiffness Kt, lateral stiffness KsThe lateral deviation power of tire is determined, and lateral deviation power directly affects the control stability of vehicle, lateral deviation power becomes Change easily causes shimmy of front wheels greatly;Radial rigidity KrDirectly affect the bearing capacity and ride comfort of vehicle;Rotational stiffness KtTo vehicle Braking ability and startability influence very big.

Present air-free tyre is progressively developed, and future also will progressively use air-free tyre.Air-free tyre be it is a kind of not The tire of support force is realized by air, the support of tire and buffering are realized by material and structure.Air-free tyre is due to it It the particularity of structure, when there is hard objects to pierce through tire, can't blow out, and can move on as pneumatic tire, Greatly promote power driving safety.

Present air-free tyre is progressively developed, and future also will progressively use air-free tyre.Air-free tyre be it is a kind of not The tire of support force is realized by air, the support of tire and buffering are realized by material and structure.Air-free tyre is taken turns Spoke outer ring substitutes belt, substitutes sidewall with the spoke and spoke centre circle of spoke, spoke inner ring is combined with wheel, air-free tyre Tread rubber layer is essentially identical with pneumatic tire, therefore, the spoke of air-free tyre and the combination bodily form of tread rubber layer into bullet Sexual function will substitute the tread rubber layer of pneumatic tire, the spring function of three elastic rings of belt and sidewall, connection wheel and When the spoke of tread rubber layer, not only wanting tire to keep cylindrical shape, but also can bear and buffer horizontal, radial direction and rotate The effect of power and torque.

Air-free tyre is due to the particularity of its structure, when there is hard objects to pierce through tire, can't as pneumatic tire that Sample is blown out, and can be moved on, and greatly promotes power driving safety.But the tire shoulder of the pneumatic tire of prior art is harder, The phenomenon of inordinate wear is easily produced, resistance caused by tire shoulder is also bigger during turning.In addition, the foreign matter such as water, silt, stone holds Easily enter in the gap between air-free tyre spoke, discharge ability of the existing air-free tyre to foreign matter is poor.

A kind of air-free tyre is disclosed in the Chinese invention patent specification of Application No. 201210458366.4, its structure As shown in figure 3, including rubber tread 500, spoke 600, outer side band 700 and inner band 800.Due to the load from vehicle etc., Impact, moment of torsion from wheel hub etc. form complicated internal stress, these power caused by frictional force, road pavement form from road surface Act on tire, so this air-free tyre has problems with:When by road shocks, buffer capacity is poor, causes The ride comfort of vehicle traveling is poor;When vehicle is braked or is accelerated, it is smaller to resist the ability of the moment of torsion of wheel hub, makes braking and acceleration Hysteresis.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of air-free tyre, and to solve deficiency of the prior art, it can prevent vehicle from existing Blown out when running at high speed, improve the safety and reliability of vehicle traveling, can simultaneously ensure to brake and accelerate not lag.

Present invention also offers a kind of automobile using foregoing air-free tyre.

The invention provides a kind of air-free tyre, including rubber tread and spoke, rubber tread to be sleeved on spoke, spoke It is divided into left side spoke and right side spoke along the median plane of air-free tyre, left side spoke and right side spoke include spoke outer ring, wheel Spoke centre circle, spoke inner ring, interior spoke and outer spoke, the both ends of outer spoke are fixed with the spoke outer ring of homonymy and spoke centre circle respectively Connection, the both ends of interior spoke are fixedly connected with the spoke centre circle and spoke inner ring of homonymy respectively;Outer spoke, spoke centre circle and interior spoke Bar three forms herringbone structure, and the herringbone structure in left side spoke and right side spoke is arranged in opposite direction.

In foregoing air-free tyre, it is preferable that in left side spoke and right side spoke, the intersection point of outer spoke and spoke centre circle Angle a between the tangent line of position and outer spoke is acute angle, tangent line and interior spoke of the interior spoke with the position of intersecting point of spoke centre circle Between angle b be acute angle, and angle a is less than angle b, angle a and angle b conjunction and is less than 90 degree.

In foregoing air-free tyre, it is preferable that be respectively provided with depressed part on left side spoke and right side spoke.

In foregoing air-free tyre, it is preferable that depressed part is by 2 indent inclined-planes, 2 arc-shaped transitional surfaces and 1 arcwall face Composition, 2 indent inclined-planes are connected to the both sides of arcwall face by arc-shaped transitional surface respectively.

In foregoing air-free tyre, it is preferable that the radial section after the merging of the spoke outer ring of left side spoke and right side spoke It is made up of inner arc section, the symmetrical straightway in both sides two and outer arc section, axis of the outer arc section around air-free tyre The outer surface of spoke outer ring is formed after rotation, inner arc section forms the interior table of spoke outer ring after the axis rotation of air-free tyre Face, both sides straightway form two sides of spoke outer ring after the axis rotation of air-free tyre.

In foregoing air-free tyre, it is preferable that the spoke centre circle and spoke inner ring of left side spoke and right side spoke it is inside and outside Surface is the face of cylinder.

A kind of automobile, including tire, the above-mentioned air-free tyre of the tire.

Compared with prior art, the present invention includes rubber tread and spoke, and rubber tread is sleeved on spoke, and spoke is along nothing The median plane of air filled tyre is divided into left side spoke and right side spoke, and left side spoke and right side spoke include in spoke outer ring, spoke Circle, spoke inner ring, interior spoke and outer spoke, the both ends of outer spoke are fixed with the spoke outer ring of homonymy and spoke centre circle respectively to be connected Connect, the both ends of interior spoke are fixedly connected with the spoke centre circle and spoke inner ring of homonymy respectively;Outer spoke, spoke centre circle and interior spoke Three forms herringbone structure, and the herringbone structure in left side spoke and right side spoke is arranged in opposite direction.The wheel of the present invention Spoke is divided into left side spoke and right side spoke along tire centerline face, and when vehicle is braked, the spoke of side can resist braking well When wheel hub moment of torsion;Equally work as vehicle launch, the moment of torsion of wheel hub when opposite side spoke can also resist startup well so can be same When ensure braking and accelerate do not lag.

The outer arc face of spoke outer ring can prevent rubber tread from deviating from, and the inner arc face of spoke outer ring can improve The discharge ability of water and foreign matter, the big geometric form of the interior thickness that is formed between spoke outer ring outer arc face and inner arc face Shape, while intensity in the middle part of air-free tyre is improved, the flexibility of raising and side.

The present invention need not inflate, and can effectively prevent vehicle from being blown out when running at high speed, and improve the safety of vehicle traveling Property and reliability.

Automobile provided by the invention includes air-free tyre, because the air-free tyre has above-mentioned technique effect, comprising this The automobile of air-free tyre should also have identical technique effect.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is tire construction mechanical analysis schematic diagram in the prior art;

Fig. 2 is structure mechanics analysis schematic diagram under another angle of tire in the prior art;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of air-free tyre in the prior art;

Fig. 4 is the axonometric drawing of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the front view of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is Fig. 5 top view;

Fig. 7 is Fig. 5 A-A sectional views;

Fig. 8 is Fig. 6 B-B sectional views;

Fig. 9 is the enlarged drawing of I in Fig. 7;

Figure 10 is the enlarged drawing of II in Fig. 8.

Description of reference numerals:

In Fig. 1-Fig. 3:100- tread rubber layers, 200- belts, 300- sidewalls, 400- wheels, 500- rubber treads, 600- spokes, 700- outer side bands, 800- inner band;

In Fig. 4-Fig. 9:1- rubber treads, 2- spokes, 21- spokes outer ring, 211- inner arc sections, 212- straightways, 213- outer arc sections, 22- spoke centre circles, 23- spoke inner rings, spoke in 24-, the outer spokes of 25-, 26- depressed parts, 27- indents Inclined-plane, 28- arc-shaped transitional surfaces, 29- arcwall faces, 30- median planes.

Embodiment

The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are exemplary, is only used for explaining the present invention, and can not be construed to Limitation of the present invention.

Embodiments of the invention:As shown in Fig. 4-Figure 10, a kind of air-free tyre, including rubber tread 1 and spoke 2, rubber Tyre surface 1 is sleeved on spoke 2, and median plane 30 of the spoke 2 along air-free tyre divides for left side spoke and right side spoke, left side spoke and Right side spoke includes spoke outer ring 21, spoke centre circle 22, spoke inner ring 23, interior spoke 24 and outer spoke 25, outer spoke 25 Both ends are fixedly connected with the spoke outer ring 21 of homonymy and spoke centre circle 22 respectively, the both ends of interior spoke 24 spoke with homonymy respectively Centre circle 22 is fixedly connected with spoke inner ring 23;Outer spoke 25, spoke centre circle 22 and the three of interior spoke 24 form herringbone structure, left Herringbone structure in side wheel spoke and right side spoke arranges that is, side is arranged along clockwise direction in opposite direction, opposite side edge Counterclockwise arrange.

One kind is preferably carried out mode, as shown in Fig. 5 and Figure 10, in left side spoke and right side spoke, outer spoke 25 with Angle a between the tangent line of the position of intersecting point of spoke centre circle 22 and outer spoke 25 is acute angle, interior spoke 24 and spoke centre circle 22 Angle b between the tangent line of position of intersecting point and interior spoke 24 is acute angle, and angle a is less than angle b, angle a and angle b conjunction less than 90 degree. The structure is reducing the radial rigidity K of tirerWhile, the rotational stiffness K of tire can be effectively improvedtAnd flexibility.

Further, as shown in figures 7 and 9, it is preferable that be respectively provided with depressed part 26 on left side spoke and right side spoke.Depression Portion 26 is made up of 2 27,2, indent inclined-plane arc-shaped transitional surfaces 28 and 1 arcwall face 29, and 2 indent inclined-planes 27 pass through circle respectively Arc transition face 28 is connected to the both sides of arcwall face 29.The structure can reduce spoke root while tire lateral stiffness is ensured The stress in portion, increase the flexibility of tire shoulder, can not only mitigate the abrasion of tire shoulder, and reduce the resistance of Ackermann steer angle tire shoulder, carry The maneuverability of high vehicle, while mitigate tire weight.

Further, as shown in Figure 7, it is preferable that the radial direction after the merging of the spoke outer ring 21 of left side spoke and right side spoke Section is made up of inner arc section 211, the symmetrical straightway 212 in both sides two and outer arc section 213, outer arc section 213 The outer surface to form spoke outer ring 21, axis of the inner arc section 211 around air-free tyre are rotated by 360 ° around the axis of air-free tyre The inner surface to form spoke outer ring 21 is rotated by 360 °, both sides straightway 212 is rotated by 360 ° to form wheel around the axis of air-free tyre Two sides of spoke outer ring 21.The surfaces externally and internally of the spoke centre circle 22 and spoke inner ring 23 of left side spoke and right side spoke is circle Cylinder.When tire interface ground and during stress, the inner arc section 211 at ground connection place reforms into raised curve, is easy to water and different The discharge of thing.

Embodiments of the invention additionally provide a kind of automobile, including tire, and the tire is above-mentioned air-free tyre.Due to The air-free tyre has above-mentioned technique effect, and the automobile comprising the air-free tyre should also have identical technique effect.

Construction, feature and the action effect of the present invention, above institute is described in detail according to the embodiment shown in schema above Only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is stated, but the present invention is not to limit practical range shown in drawing, it is every according to structure of the invention Want made change, or be revised as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations, when still without departing from specification and illustrating covered spirit, All should be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of air-free tyre, including rubber tread (1) and spoke (2), rubber tread (1) are sleeved on spoke (2), its feature It is:Median plane of the spoke (2) along air-free tyre is divided into left side spoke and right side spoke, left side spoke and right side spoke and included Spoke outer ring (21), spoke centre circle (22), spoke inner ring (23), interior spoke (24) and outer spoke (25), the two of outer spoke (25) End is fixedly connected with the spoke outer ring (21) of homonymy and spoke centre circle (22) respectively, the both ends of interior spoke (24) respectively with homonymy Spoke centre circle (22) is fixedly connected with spoke inner ring (23);Outer spoke (25), spoke centre circle (22) and interior spoke (24) three's structure Into herringbone structure, the herringbone structure in left side spoke and right side spoke is arranged in opposite direction.
2. air-free tyre according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In left side spoke and right side spoke, outer spoke (25) the angle a between the tangent line of the position of intersecting point of spoke centre circle (22) and outer spoke (25) is acute angle, interior spoke (24) with Angle b between the tangent line and interior spoke (24) of the position of intersecting point of spoke centre circle (22) is acute angle, and angle a is less than angle b, angle a with Angle b conjunction is less than 90 degree.
3. air-free tyre according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Depressed part is respectively provided with left side spoke and right side spoke (26)。
4. air-free tyre according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Depressed part (26) by 2 indent inclined-planes (27), 2 Arc-shaped transitional surface (28) and 1 arcwall face (29) composition, 2 indent inclined-planes (27) are connected to by arc-shaped transitional surface (28) respectively The both sides of arcwall face (29).
5. air-free tyre according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spoke outer ring (21) of left side spoke and right side spoke Radial section after merging is by inner arc section (211), the symmetrical straightway (212) in both sides two and outer arc section (213) Composition, outer arc section (213) form the outer surface of spoke outer ring (21), inner arc section after the axis rotation of air-free tyre (211) inner surface of spoke outer ring (21) is formed after the axis rotation of air-free tyre, both sides straightway (212) is around air-free tyre Axis rotation after formed spoke outer ring (21) two sides.
6. air-free tyre according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spoke centre circle (22) of left side spoke and right side spoke Surfaces externally and internally with spoke inner ring (23) is the face of cylinder.
7. a kind of automobile, including tire, it is characterised in that:Tire is the air-free tyre of any one in claim 1-6.
CN201611107126.4A 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Air-free tyre and automobile CN107336566A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201611107126.4A CN107336566A (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Air-free tyre and automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611107126.4A CN107336566A (en) 2016-12-06 2016-12-06 Air-free tyre and automobile

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108128087A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-08 燕山大学 A kind of Bird's Nest structural formula non-inflatable tyre
CN109955653A (en) * 2017-12-14 2019-07-02 东洋橡胶工业株式会社 Non-inflatable tyre
CN109955653B (en) * 2017-12-14 2020-12-29 东洋橡胶工业株式会社 Non-pneumatic tire

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2866207Y (en) * 2005-09-07 2007-02-07 蔡建 Elastic tyre
CN101657333A (en) * 2007-04-24 2010-02-24 横滨橡胶株式会社 Non-pneumatic tire and method of manufacturing same
CN204472454U (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-07-15 山东玲珑轮胎股份有限公司 A kind of non-inflatable tyre
WO2016109702A1 (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-07 Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin Cross spoke non-pneumatic tire
JP2016172522A (en) * 2015-03-18 2016-09-29 株式会社ブリヂストン Non-pneumatic tire
CN106004223A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-12 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Airless tire and automobile
KR20160121900A (en) * 2015-04-13 2016-10-21 인에이블 주식회사 Airless tire
CN106042766A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-26 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Airless tire and automobile

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2866207Y (en) * 2005-09-07 2007-02-07 蔡建 Elastic tyre
CN101657333A (en) * 2007-04-24 2010-02-24 横滨橡胶株式会社 Non-pneumatic tire and method of manufacturing same
WO2016109702A1 (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-07 Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin Cross spoke non-pneumatic tire
CN204472454U (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-07-15 山东玲珑轮胎股份有限公司 A kind of non-inflatable tyre
JP2016172522A (en) * 2015-03-18 2016-09-29 株式会社ブリヂストン Non-pneumatic tire
KR20160121900A (en) * 2015-04-13 2016-10-21 인에이블 주식회사 Airless tire
CN106004223A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-12 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Airless tire and automobile
CN106042766A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-26 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Airless tire and automobile

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108128087A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-06-08 燕山大学 A kind of Bird's Nest structural formula non-inflatable tyre
CN109955653A (en) * 2017-12-14 2019-07-02 东洋橡胶工业株式会社 Non-inflatable tyre
CN109955653B (en) * 2017-12-14 2020-12-29 东洋橡胶工业株式会社 Non-pneumatic tire

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