CN107335772B - It is a kind of rivet axis feeding heating and auxiliary clinching method - Google Patents

It is a kind of rivet axis feeding heating and auxiliary clinching method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107335772B
CN107335772B CN201710524099.9A CN201710524099A CN107335772B CN 107335772 B CN107335772 B CN 107335772B CN 201710524099 A CN201710524099 A CN 201710524099A CN 107335772 B CN107335772 B CN 107335772B
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China
Prior art keywords
riveting
axis
group
riveting axis
verticality
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CN201710524099.9A
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CN107335772A (en
Inventor
黄晓雷
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Day Punching Press Hardware Factory Of Taicang China
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Day Punching Press Hardware Factory Of Taicang China
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/38Accessories for use in connection with riveting, e.g. pliers for upsetting; Hand tools for riveting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/02Riveting procedures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/12Riveting machines with tools or tool parts having a movement additional to the feed movement, e.g. spin

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching methods, comprising the following steps: material grasping manipulator grabs one group of riveting axis from material transfer band, rotates and will send to material folding and feed device;Pusher driving device drives material-pulling device to rise, and one group of riveting axis is pushed in one group of axis placed cavity;When riveting axis arrival setting position, driving clamping device operation, gripping means grips rivet axis;Retractable driving device drives the telescopic arm of heating device to extend, and fire end is contacted with the caulking part of riveting axis and heated;Feeding driving device operation, material folding and feed device are moved to below the metal plate to be processed of riveting station;Feeding driving device continues to run, and material folding and feed device drive one group of riveting axis to be embedded in corresponding riveted holes.Improve production efficiency and production automation degree;The fine tuning of verticality is carried out while clamp shaft, it is ensured that riveting precision;It first heats and rivets afterwards, improve riveting precision and intensity.

Description

It is a kind of rivet axis feeding heating and auxiliary clinching method
Technical field
The present invention relates to sheet metal component processing technique field, in particular to a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary riveting side Method.
Background technique
Speed-changing gear box especially installs the gearbox of gear shaft, requires height for the installation accuracy of gear shaft, otherwise can Influence gear installation with engage, influence the service life of gear.
It is complicated for the procedure of processing of speed-changing gear box at present: blanking, punching, deburring, substep bending, riveting gear Axis, finishing caulking part etc..And in the riveting of gear shaft, often due to riveting precision the problem of, prevent speed-changing gear box from Meet requirement, high rejection rate.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of invention: the present invention discloses a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, while by one group of riveting Spindle conveying, crawl, clamping are transported to installation station, improve production efficiency and production automation degree;In the same of clamp shaft The fine tuning of Shi Jinhang verticality, it is ensured that riveting precision;It first heats and rivets afterwards, improve riveting precision, the two material can also be made Material preferably engagement, promotes riveting intensity.
Technical solution: in order to achieve the goal above, the invention discloses a kind of feeding heating and auxiliary riveting for riveting axis Method, comprising the following steps: a, material grasping manipulator grab one group of riveting axis from material transfer band, and the rotation of material grasping manipulator will rivet axis It send to material folding and feed device;B, pusher driving device operates, and driving material-pulling device rises, and one group of riveting axis is pushed to In one group of axis placed cavity of material folding and feed device;C, when riveting axis arrival setting position, driving clamping device operation is clamped Device clamps riveting axis;D, retractable driving device is run, and extends the telescopic arm of heating device, the riveting of fire end and riveting axis Portion's contact, is heated;E, feeding driving device is run, and material folding and feed device are moved under the metal plate to be processed of riveting station Side;F, feeding driving device continues to run, and material folding and feed device drive one group of riveting axis to be embedded in corresponding riveted holes.
Further, a kind of above-mentioned feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, it is further comprising the steps of: verticality The verticality of detection device detection riveting axis simultaneously feeds back to control module, and control module controls one group of adjustment mandril and is finely adjusted.
Further, a kind of above-mentioned feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, the step c are specifically included: axis Position detecting device in placed cavity is detected and is fed back to control module to the position of riveting axis, when riveting axis reaches setting When position, control module, which issues instruction, drives driving clamping device to run, and gripping means grips rivet axis.
Further, the step of a kind of above-mentioned feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, the fine tuning, specifically wraps It includes: 1) adjusting driving device operating, the end of one group of adjustment mandril enters in axis placed cavity and compresses riveting axis;2) verticality is examined It surveys the verticality of device detection riveting axis and feeds back to control module;3) control module is carried out according to the verticality information received It calculates, determines and need the adjustment mandril of fine motion and the amount of fine motion;4) the corresponding adjustment driving device operating of control module control, Driving adjustment mandril fine motion;5) verticality of testing apparatus for verticality detection riveting axis, repeats set-up procedure, until verticality reaches To sets requirement.
Further, clinching method is heated and is assisted in a kind of above-mentioned feeding for riveting axis, and the riveting of axis is riveted in the step f Socket part passes through the riveted holes of metal plate to be processed, convex in metal plate surface to be processed.
Further, a kind of above-mentioned feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, further include after the step f with Lower step: riveting die pushes, and carries out rotation riveting to the caulking part after heating.
Further, a kind of above-mentioned feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, further include before the step a with Lower step: one group of riveting axis is successively sent to the mechanical subordinate side of material grasping from storing area by material transfer band.
Further, a kind of above-mentioned feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, clamp dress during the rotation riveting It sets in the state for clamping riveting axis, also, one group of adjustment mandril is in the state for compressing riveting axis.
Above-mentioned technical proposal can be seen that the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis of the present invention and auxiliary clinching method, at the same one group of riveting axis is defeated It send, grab, clamping and be transported to installation station, improving production efficiency and production automation degree.
(2) a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis of the present invention and auxiliary clinching method, carry out while clamp shaft The fine tuning of verticality, it is ensured that riveting precision.
(3) a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis of the present invention and auxiliary clinching method position detecting device detect automatically Gear shaft position, the in due course gripping pinion of clamping device, can be directly embedded into riveted holes, it is ensured that machining accuracy, and improve Processing efficiency.
(4) a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis of the present invention and auxiliary clinching method, first heat and rivet afterwards, improve Precision is riveted, the two material can also be made preferably to engage, promote riveting intensity.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the flow diagram of a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis of the present invention and auxiliary clinching method;
Fig. 2 is the knot of a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis and the material folding of auxiliary clinching method of the present invention and feed device Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structure of one group of adjustment mandril of a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis of the present invention and auxiliary clinching method Schematic diagram;
In figure: 1- feeding device, 11- material transfer band, 12- material grasping manipulator, 13- material-pulling device, 2- material folding and feed device, 21- axis placed cavity, 22- clamping device, the first fixture block of 221-, the second fixture block of 222-, 3- detection and adjustment device, 31- adjustment top Bar, 4- heating device, 41- fire end, 42- telescopic arm, the storing area 5-.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the invention is described in detail.
Embodiment
The invention discloses a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching methods, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, including with Lower step:
A, material grasping manipulator 12 from material transfer band 11 grab one group of riveting axis, material grasping manipulator 12 rotate, will riveting axis send to 2 lower section of material folding and feed device;
B, pusher driving device operates, and driving material-pulling device 13 rises, and one group of riveting axis is pushed to material folding and feeding fills It sets in 2 one group of axis placed cavity 21;
C, when riveting axis arrival setting position, driving clamping device operation, clamping device 22 clamps riveting axis;Specific packet Include: the position detecting device in axis placed cavity 21 is detected and is fed back to control module to the position of riveting axis, when riveting axis When reaching setting position, control module, which issues instruction, drives driving clamping device to run, and clamping device 22 clamps riveting axis.
D, retractable driving device is run, and extends the telescopic arm 42 of heating device 4, the caulking part of fire end 41 and riveting axis Contact, is heated;
E, feeding driving device is run, and material folding and feed device 2 are moved to below the metal plate to be processed of riveting station;
F, feeding driving device continues to run, and material folding and feed device 2 drive one group of riveting axis to be embedded in corresponding riveted holes; The caulking part for riveting axis passes through the riveted holes of metal plate to be processed, convex in metal plate surface to be processed;
G, riveting die pushes, and carries out rotation riveting to the caulking part after heating;Clamping device 22 is in during the rotation riveting The state of riveting axis is clamped, also, one group of adjustment mandril 31 is in the state for compressing riveting axis.
Further comprising the steps of in the present embodiment: the verticality of testing apparatus for verticality detection riveting axis simultaneously feeds back to control Module, control module control one group of adjustment mandril 31 and are finely adjusted;The step of fine tuning, specifically includes:
1) operating of adjustment driving device, the end of one group of adjustment mandril 31 enter in axis placed cavity 21 and compress riveting axis;
2) testing apparatus for verticality detection rivets the verticality of axis and feeds back to control module;
3) control module is calculated according to the verticality information received, determine need fine motion adjustment mandril 31 and The amount of fine motion;
4) the corresponding adjustment driving device operating of control module control, driving adjustment 31 fine motion of mandril;
5) verticality of testing apparatus for verticality detection riveting axis, repeats set-up procedure, until verticality reaches setting and wants It asks.
Further comprising the steps of before step a described in the present embodiment: material transfer band 11 is from storing area 4 successively by one group of riveting Axis is sent to 12 lower section of material grasping manipulator.
It include feeding device 1, material folding and feed device 2, heating device 4 and control module, the material folding in the present embodiment And feed device 2 includes one group of axis placed cavity 21, clamping device 22 and driving clamping device;Heating device 4 include fire end 41, Telescopic arm 42 and retractable driving device;The fire end 41 is contacted with the caulking part of axis, the telescopic arm 42 and flexible driving dress Set connection;The clamping device 22 is connect with driving clamping device;The material folding and feed device 2 are connected with feeding driving dress It sets.It further include detection and adjustment device 3, the detection and adjustment device 3 include testing apparatus for verticality, one group of adjustment mandril 31 With adjustment driving device, one group of adjustment mandril, 31 one end is arranged in axis placed cavity 21, the other end and adjustment driving device Connection.The feeding device 1 includes material transfer band 11 and material grasping manipulator 12, and the material transfer band 11 is connect with storing area 5, described to grab Expect that manipulator 12 rotates conveying, connects material transfer band 11 and material folding and feed device 2.One group of adjustment mandril, 31 circular array Shape is distributed in the periphery of axis placed cavity 21.The clamping device 22 include the first fixture block 221 and the second fixture block 222, described first Fixture block 221 and the second fixture block 222 are symmetricly set on 21 periphery of axis placed cavity.The material folding and feed device 2 further include position inspection Device is surveyed, the position detecting device is arranged in axis placed cavity 21.12 end of material grasping manipulator is equipped with material-pulling device 13, The material-pulling device 13 is connected with pusher driving device.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be noted that for those skilled in the art For, without departing from the principle of the present invention, several improvement can also be made, these improvement also should be regarded as guarantor of the invention Protect range.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of feeding heating for riveting axis and auxiliary clinching method, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
A, material grasping manipulator (12) grabs one group of riveting axis from material transfer band (11), and riveting axis is sent in material grasping manipulator (12) rotation To material folding and feed device (2);
B, pusher driving device operates, and driving material-pulling device (13) rises, and one group of riveting axis is pushed to material folding and feed device (2) in one group of axis placed cavity (21);
C, when riveting axis arrival setting position, driving clamping device operation, clamping device (22) clamps riveting axis;
D, retractable driving device is run, and extends the telescopic arm (42) of heating device (4), the riveting of fire end (41) and riveting axis Portion's contact, is heated;
E, feeding driving device is run, and material folding and feed device (2) are moved to below the metal plate to be processed of riveting station;
F, feeding driving device continues to run, and material folding and feed device (2) drive one group of riveting axis to be embedded in corresponding riveted holes;Also The following steps are included: testing apparatus for verticality detection rivets the verticality of axis and feeds back to control module, control module control one Group adjustment mandril (31) is finely adjusted;The step c is specifically included: the position detecting device in axis placed cavity (21) is to riveting axis Position detected and fed back to control module, when rivet axis reach setting position when, control module issue instruction drives folder Tight driving device operation, clamping device (22) clamp riveting axis;The step of fine tuning, specifically includes:
1) operating of adjustment driving device, the end of one group of adjustment mandril (31) enter in axis placed cavity (21) and compress riveting axis;
2) testing apparatus for verticality detection rivets the verticality of axis and feeds back to control module;
3) control module is calculated according to the verticality information received, is determined and is needed the adjustment mandril (31) of fine motion and micro- Dynamic amount;
4) the corresponding adjustment driving device operating of control module control, driving adjustment mandril (31) fine motion;
5) verticality of testing apparatus for verticality detection riveting axis, repeats set-up procedure, until verticality reaches sets requirement;Institute Riveted holes of the caulking part across metal plate to be processed that axis is riveted in step f are stated, it is convex in metal plate surface to be processed;The step f it Further comprising the steps of afterwards: riveting die pushes, and carries out rotation riveting to the caulking part after heating;Further include before the step a with Lower step: one group of riveting axis is successively sent to below material grasping manipulator (12) by material transfer band (11) from storing area (4);The rotation riveting Clamping device (22) is in the state for clamping riveting axis in the process, also, one group of adjustment mandril (31) is in and compresses riveting axis State.
CN201710524099.9A 2017-06-30 2017-06-30 It is a kind of rivet axis feeding heating and auxiliary clinching method Active CN107335772B (en)

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CN107335772B true CN107335772B (en) 2019-03-01

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107931499B (en) * 2017-11-23 2019-06-28 重庆大学 Control forms the electric current concurrent heating formula electricity upsetting method and device of even refinement mixing crystal boundary
CN110076275A (en) * 2019-04-08 2019-08-02 上海工程技术大学 A kind of self-piercing riveting electricity consumption heat conducting device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1907595A (en) * 2006-08-08 2007-02-07 江苏双菱链传动有限公司 Automatic thermal riveting method and automatic thermal riveting machine for chain pin shaft
CN202922168U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-05-08 北京东奇众科技术有限公司 Automatic press-in machine for piano chord axis
CN202967517U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-06-05 信华精机有限公司 Automatic riveting shaft feeding device
CN204450048U (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-07-08 陈晓阳 A kind of axis products automatic feeding machine tool
CN205834637U (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-28 苏州德机自动化科技有限公司 Shaft press

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1907595A (en) * 2006-08-08 2007-02-07 江苏双菱链传动有限公司 Automatic thermal riveting method and automatic thermal riveting machine for chain pin shaft
CN202967517U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-06-05 信华精机有限公司 Automatic riveting shaft feeding device
CN202922168U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-05-08 北京东奇众科技术有限公司 Automatic press-in machine for piano chord axis
CN204450048U (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-07-08 陈晓阳 A kind of axis products automatic feeding machine tool
CN205834637U (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-12-28 苏州德机自动化科技有限公司 Shaft press

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