CN107333547A - Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting - Google Patents

Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107333547A
CN107333547A CN201710562538.5A CN201710562538A CN107333547A CN 107333547 A CN107333547 A CN 107333547A CN 201710562538 A CN201710562538 A CN 201710562538A CN 107333547 A CN107333547 A CN 107333547A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rape
soil
sleeping platform
adobe sleeping
heatable adobe
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CN201710562538.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冷秀财
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冷秀财
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Priority to CN201710562538.5A priority Critical patent/CN107333547A/en
Publication of CN107333547A publication Critical patent/CN107333547A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D91/00Methods for harvesting agricultural products
    • A01D91/04Products growing above the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting, comprise the following steps:1)Brassica Napus Seedling cultivates the preparation in soil:Select fertile soil, the soil of semi-drying, multiple a diameter of 8cm heatable adobe sleeping platform is taken on the soil, apply 7 9g plant ash among the heatable adobe sleeping platform;2)Brassica Napus Seedling selects and sowing:Full grains are picked out in period early winter, the rapeseed with color and luster;8 10 rapeseed are put among the heatable adobe sleeping platform dug, then earthen backfill moistens to watering among heatable adobe sleeping platform to ground;3)The fertilising of Brassica Napus Seedling:Apply the phosphate fertilizer of 3 8g nitrogenous fertilizer, 1 5g potash fertilizer and 0.5 1g among each heatable adobe sleeping platform.The present invention realizes the plantation to rape, by the implantation methods, timely rape is being applied fertilizer and taken care of, is accelerating the growth rate of rape, shortening the growth cycle of rape, while rape can be promoted to form the high vegetable seed of oil content, improves yield.

Description

Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, more particularly, to a kind of rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting.
Background technology
Rape is a kind of excellent crop, has abundant vegetable oil among ripe rape, and can pass through squeezing Eaten for people, squeezed out through rape and be rich in unrighted acid among the rapeseed oil come, can be good at being absorbed by the body, and And the efficiency absorbed reaches 99%;And edible rapeseed oil can clear liver cholagogic, the effect of reducing blood fat and weight reducing, therefore plant Rape can be promoted as far as possible.
The content of the invention
The present invention is for overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of rapeseed cultivation of high yield and the method for harvesting.
To achieve these goals, the present invention uses following technical scheme:A kind of one rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting, bag Include following steps:
1) Brassica Napus Seedling cultivates the preparation in soil:Fertile soil is selected, the soil of semi-drying, is taken on the soil multiple A diameter of 8cm heatable adobe sleeping platform, apply 7-9g plant ash among the heatable adobe sleeping platform;
2) Brassica Napus Seedling selection and sowing:Full grains are picked out in period early winter, the rapeseed with color and luster;By 8-10 grains oil Vegetable seed is put among the heatable adobe sleeping platform dug, then earthen backfill moistens to watering among heatable adobe sleeping platform to ground;
3) fertilising of Brassica Napus Seedling:Apply 3-8g nitrogenous fertilizer, 1-5g potash fertilizer and 0.5-1g phosphate fertilizer among each heatable adobe sleeping platform;
4) transplanting of Brassica Napus Seedling:Seedling is dug out among soil, then will not have a seedling completely to be separated;
5) plantation of rape:Among seedling replanting to the soil of the drying by ploughing plough, and the spacing between every seedling For 30-60cm;
6) harvesting of rape:In period in autumn, rape is cut down from root, then rape is placed in parallel and worked as in the region of spaciousness In so that the sun is directly shone to it, after a period of time of being exposed to the sun, is patted rape, is gathered in out vegetable seed.
Pin of the present invention realizes plants to rape, so as to reduce the growth cycle of rape, accelerates the life of rape Long speed;So that amount increase among the quantity and vegetable seed of the vegetable seed picked out of rape, and then improve whole rape Yield, add economic benefit;Rape is planted by this way simultaneously, can strengthen the disease resistance ability of rape itself.
Further, step 2)The root of rape can not be watered inside the three day time after fertilising;Applying fertilizer Rape is needed to absorb fertilizer afterwards, and the time fully absorbed is three days;Watering can cause to dilute to fertilizer, simultaneously Part fertilizer can lose with current, if watered within three days, fertilizer can be caused to waste, Absorption of Rape nutrition is inadequate, causes There is phenomena such as yellow leaf in rape.
Further, the soil is alkalescent;The PH for the growth that rape is most suitable for is 8, therefore weakly alkaline soil energy Growth of rape is enough effectively promoted, cuts short the growth cycle of rape, increases the yield of rape.
Further, step 4)Central rape root is in separation period, it is necessary to ensure that root system is intact bad;Ensure rape The integrality of root system, so as to the no breakage of the root system of rape, when avoiding among by rapeseed cultivation to soil, rape Because rotten phenomena such as occurs in breakage, cause rape dead;Therefore the integrality of root system is ensured, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase the survival rate of rape, Increase economic benefit.
In summary, the present invention has advantages below:The present invention from choosing kind plantation, by will between rape it is rational It is distributed and timely applies fertilizer, promote the growth of rape, shortens the growth cycle of rape, and the improved seeds selected, make The oil content increase of vegetable seed among rape is obtained, and then improves the yield of rape;Add economic benefit.
Embodiment
In order that those skilled in the art are better understood from the present invention program, to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention Carry out clear, complete description.
A kind of rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting, comprise the following steps:Brassica Napus Seedling cultivates the preparation in soil:Selection does not have Tree shade etc. blocks, and is weakly alkaline soil, and the soil is the soil of half form, i.e., directly clutch soil when Wait, there can not be obvious moisture to flow out among soil, while take multiple a diameter of 8cm heatable adobe sleeping platform on soil, the heatable adobe sleeping platform An inverted circular cone is shaped as, 8g plant ash, and the lid last layer soil on plant ash, its institute are added among the heatable adobe sleeping platform The soil covered is 5cm apart from the upper end open of heatable adobe sleeping platform.
Further, the selection and sowing to Brassica Napus Seedling:When early winter, the heatable adobe sleeping platform on soil dig after the 3rd My god, select full grains and the rapeseed with color and luster;The good rapeseed of 8 grain-by-grain seed selections is placed among each heatable adobe sleeping platform, then Heatable adobe sleeping platform is filled and led up with soil, it is rear to the watering of each heatable adobe sleeping platform what is filled and led up, untill being filled with the heatable adobe sleeping platform topsoil moistening of soil.Then it is oily The fertilising of dish seedling:Apply nitrogenous fertilizer, potash fertilizer and phosphate fertilizer among each heatable adobe sleeping platform, wherein the amount that each heatable adobe sleeping platform applies nitrogenous fertilizer is 4g, The amount of potash fertilizer is 3g, and the amount of phosphate fertilizer is 0.8g;And added together after three kinds of fertilizer are well mixed;After completing to apply fertilizer, Just needed to observe rape every three days, and timely pulled out the weeds in ground.
The transplanting of rape children cat:When Brassica Napus Seedling grows to about 17cm, it is possible to which the seedling of rape is moved To plant, during transplanting, first dig out Brassica Napus Seedling in soil, the seedling that then root is intertwined is separated, Among the process of separation, it should be noted the root that can not destroy rape, it is necessary to the integrality for ensureing rapeseed root.The kind of rape Plant:Transplanted among the soil that the rape dug out to upper layer of soil is dried, and need before transplantation to soil carry out from New renovation, then the distance between every seedling be maintained at 40cm and planted.The harvesting of rape:In period It is the end of summer, just turning into autumn, Rape is cut down from root, then rape is taken among flat spacious region, neatly discharged so that rape can be received To being exposed to the sun for the sun, and the preparation of rainwater-proof is carried out during be exposed to the sun, after a period of time of being exposed to the sun, with oil among rape The shell of vegetable seed is changed into drying frangible, then it is patted so that rapeseed drops out, and then collects rapeseed.
Obviously, described embodiment is only the part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, it should all belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting, comprise the following steps:
Brassica Napus Seedling cultivates the preparation in soil:Fertile soil is selected, the soil of semi-drying, is taken on the soil multiple straight Footpath is 8cm heatable adobe sleeping platform, applies 7-9g plant ash among the heatable adobe sleeping platform;
Brassica Napus Seedling selects and sowing:Full grains are picked out in period early winter, the rapeseed with color and luster;By 8-10 grain rapes Seed is put among the heatable adobe sleeping platform dug, then earthen backfill moistens to watering among heatable adobe sleeping platform to ground;
The fertilising of Brassica Napus Seedling:Apply 3-8g nitrogenous fertilizer, 1-5g potash fertilizer and 0.5-1g phosphate fertilizer among each heatable adobe sleeping platform;
The transplanting of Brassica Napus Seedling:Seedling is dug out among soil, then will not have a seedling completely to be separated;
The plantation of rape:Among seedling replanting to the soil of the drying by ploughing plough, and the spacing between every seedling is 30-60cm;
The harvesting of rape:In period in autumn, rape is cut down from root, then rape is placed in parallel among the region of spaciousness, So that the sun is directly shone to it, after a period of time of being exposed to the sun, rape is patted, gathers in out vegetable seed.
A kind of 2. planting technology of rape according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 3)During three days after fertilising Between the inside the root of rape can not be watered.
A kind of 3. planting technology of rape according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The soil is alkalescent.
4. a kind of rapeseed cultivation according to claim 1 and the method for harvesting, it is characterised in that:Step 4)Central rape root Separation period is tied up to, it is necessary to ensure that root system is intact bad.
CN201710562538.5A 2017-07-11 2017-07-11 Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting Withdrawn CN107333547A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710562538.5A CN107333547A (en) 2017-07-11 2017-07-11 Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710562538.5A CN107333547A (en) 2017-07-11 2017-07-11 Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting

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CN107333547A true CN107333547A (en) 2017-11-10

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CN201710562538.5A Withdrawn CN107333547A (en) 2017-07-11 2017-07-11 Rapeseed cultivation and the method for harvesting

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101731079A (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-06-16 杨秀岚 Rape no-tillage transplanting and culturing technology
CN102498921A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-06-20 成都金卓农业有限公司 Method for direct seeding of rape
CN104855066A (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-08-26 上海宝山夙峰园艺场 High-yield rape planting method
CN106386114A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 江西省农业科学院作物研究所 Oilseed rape seedling-raising transplanting method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101731079A (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-06-16 杨秀岚 Rape no-tillage transplanting and culturing technology
CN102498921A (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-06-20 成都金卓农业有限公司 Method for direct seeding of rape
CN104855066A (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-08-26 上海宝山夙峰园艺场 High-yield rape planting method
CN106386114A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 江西省农业科学院作物研究所 Oilseed rape seedling-raising transplanting method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘京宝: "《中国南北过渡带主要作物栽培》", 31 January 2014, 中国农业科学技术出版社 *
唐湘如: "《作物栽培学》", 31 August 2014, 广东高等教育出版社 *

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Application publication date: 20171110