CN107322059A - Enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM approach based on universal numerical control milling machine - Google Patents

Enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM approach based on universal numerical control milling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107322059A
CN107322059A CN201710542592.3A CN201710542592A CN107322059A CN 107322059 A CN107322059 A CN 107322059A CN 201710542592 A CN201710542592 A CN 201710542592A CN 107322059 A CN107322059 A CN 107322059A
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land
tooth
cutter
race
corner
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CN201710542592.3A
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CN107322059B (en
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李海涛
龙新佳妮
魏文军
芮成杰
杨杰
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中国农业大学
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C3/00Milling particular work; Special milling operations; Machines therefor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/10Geometric CAD
    • G06F30/17Mechanical parametric or variational design
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/20Design optimisation, verification or simulation

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM approach based on four axles and four axle above linkage complete CNC milling machines, belong to the design and manufacture method of enveloping worm hob.Using enveloping worm hob helicoid and side relief Forming Theory, the point race on uniform hobboing cutter left and right sides helicoid, left and right land terminated line and left and right side relief is tried to achieve respectively;A race is imported in three-dimensional software and is fitted to hobboing cutter left and right sides helicoid, left and right land terminated line and left and right side relief;Remainder curved surface structure is set up by simple feature order according to parameter, complete enveloping worm hob threedimensional model is obtained.Model is imported into four axles or four axle above linkage completes with CNC milling machine system, only by rough milling, being heat-treated and finish-milling three process realizes hobboing cutter automation processing.Hobboing cutter processing technology is simplified, the hobboing cutter accuracy of manufacture is improved.

Description

Enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM approach based on universal numerical control milling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM based on four axles or four axle above linkage complete CNC milling machines Method, belongs to the design and manufacture method of enveloping worm hob.
Background technology
Enveloping worm drive is compared with cylindrical worm gearing transmission, and its bearing capacity is strong, small volume, transmission efficiency and use the longevity Life length, is widely used in efficient, heavily loaded occasion.But enveloping worm drive mesh theory is complicated, and engaged transmission performance is to error It is very sensitive, it is necessary to high-precision processing and manufacturing with deforming.However, enveloping worm hob used in the processing of anchor ring worm gear is A kind of complicated, design and the big special tool of manufacture difficulty.The processing technology mistake of existing monoblock type enveloping worm hob Journey is cumbersome, it is necessary to using the different equipment such as worm screw Digit Control Machine Tool, milling machine, heat treatment equipment, by turning, grinding, milling, Re Chu Reason and the kinds of processes such as hand grinding combine manufacture hobboing cutter, multiple card engaging workpiece, are difficult to ensure precision, complex procedures and Obtained hobboing cutter precision is low.The not high cutting ability for causing rolling cut worm gear of hobboing cutter precision is not high, obtained enveloping worm pair precision Not high, meshing performance is not good enough, it is necessary to which running-in could be used normally.Accordingly, it would be desirable to seek, a kind of disengaging tradition is complicated cumbersome to be added Work technique, and the enveloping worm hob design and manufacture new method of hobboing cutter precision and cutting ability can be improved.
China Agricultural University's thesis for the doctorate " research of double enveloping worm pair worm gear hob Computerized Numerical Control processing technology " in 2013 A kind of design method of the turnery processing of hobboing cutter rear corner surface is proposed, the hobboing cutter threedimensional model for including cutter tooth side relief is set up, And it is straight on four-axle linked milling machine using the crucial curved surface of hobboing cutter of the method Primary Study comprising cutter tooth side relief of milling Shape is connected into, but this method is to pay close attention to the milling shaping of hobboing cutter cutter tooth side relief, does not account for knife top rear corner surface, does not roll The entire manufacturing process of knife, can't be used for the rolling cut of worm gear.Chinese patent ZL201410613061.5 " plane-generated double enveloping rings The numerical control grinding and machining method of face worm gear hob side relief " proposes a kind of plane two based on four-axle linked enveloping worm grinding machine Secondary double enveloping worm gear hob rear corner surface grinding technique, realizes the automatic grinding of hobboing cutter rear corner surface, it is possible to by the sword of design Bandwidth and relief angles are ground, but the only grinding of rear corner surface.All it is not carried out the ring based on universal numerical control milling machine The complete design of face worm gear hob and manufacture.
The content of the invention
The invention aims to provide one kind on four axles and four axle above linkage complete CNC milling machines, only by twice The method that clamping and a Technology for Heating Processing realize enveloping worm hob automation processing.In order to reach that the purpose of the present invention is adopted The technical scheme taken is as follows:
Enveloping worm hob CAD:Using enveloping worm hob helicoid Forming Theory, the left side for being distributed in hobboing cutter is calculated Spiral millet cake race (1) and the three-dimensional coordinate data of right side spiral millet cake race (2), according to given cutter tooth row, rake face and land Width, calculates the three-dimensional seat of the left side land terminated line point race (3) for being distributed in each cutter tooth and right side land terminated line point race (4) Data are marked, according to hobboing cutter helicoid lead angle computational methods and using the method and relief angle of Lathe tool tip turning hobboing cutter rear corner surface Face angle degree, calculates left side relief angle millet cake race (5) and the three-dimensional coordinate data of right side relief angle millet cake race (6) of each uniform cutter tooth, By the left side spiral millet cake race (1) for calculating hobboing cutter and the three-dimensional coordinate data of right side spiral millet cake race (2), a left side for each cutter tooth Side edge selects race (3) with terminated line and right side land terminated line selects the three-dimensional coordinate data of race (4), cutter tooth left side relief angle millet cake race (5) and in the three-dimensional coordinate data importing 3 d modeling software of side relief point race (6), the left side spiral of hobboing cutter is fitted respectively Behind face (7) and right side helicoid (8), the left side land terminated line (9) of cutter tooth and right side land terminated line (10), the left side of cutter tooth Edged surface (11) and right side rear corner surface (12), the tooth top anchor ring (13) and tooth root anchor ring of hobboing cutter are set up according to hobboing cutter relevant parameter (14), the rake face (15) and rear knife face (16) of cutter tooth, by rake face (15) and left side rear corner surface (11) to left side helicoid (7) shearing, obtains the left side land face (17) of cutter tooth, by rake face (15) and right side rear corner surface (12) to right side helicoid (8) shearing, obtains the right side land face (18) of cutter tooth, by rake face (15) backward knife face (16) direction translate a land Wide distance intersects the top land terminated line (19) for obtaining cutter tooth with tooth top anchor ring (13), before tooth top anchor ring (13) is located at Part between knife face (15) and top land terminated line (19) is exactly the top land face (20) of cutter tooth, by tooth top anchor ring (13) be located between top land terminated line (19), left side helicoid (7), right side helicoid (8) and rear knife face (16) partly around Top land terminated line (19) turns over a rear corner surface angle to tooth root anchor ring (14), that is, obtains the top rear corner surface of cutter tooth (21), so, by rake face (15), left side land face (17), left side rear corner surface (11), top land face (20), top relief angle Face (21), right side land face (18), right side rear corner surface (12) and rear knife face (16) define the three-dimensional entity model of a cutter tooth, Similarly, the three-dimensional entity model of other cutters tooth can be obtained, so as to obtain the three-dimensional entity model (22) of hobboing cutter.
Enveloping worm hob CAM:Enveloping worm hob three-dimensional entity model (22) is inputted in CAM softwares, based on K axles connection Dynamic universal numerical control milling machine, wherein K is positive integer, and K span is 4,5 and 6, gives rake face (15), the left side sword of cutter tooth Zone face (17), right side land face (18) and top land face (20) allowance for finish L, wherein L is in the range of 0.05mm-1.00mm It is given, numerical programming milling program, to enveloping worm hob roughing on K axle linkage complete CNC milling machines, then to anchor ring snail Hobboing cutter heat treatment is taken turns, is zero by allowance, numerical programming program, then to anchor ring snail on K axle linkage complete CNC milling machines Take turns rake face (15), left side land face (17), right side land face (18) and top land face (20) finishing of each cutter tooth of hobboing cutter Work, that is, obtain worm gear hob finished product.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Based on CAD/CAM technologies, merely with the general number more than four axles and four axles linked Milling machine is controlled, the processing of enveloping worm hob can be realized by thick and finishing and a Technology for Heating Processing.This method is in letter While having changed hobboing cutter processing technology, it is ensured that the location and shape of hobboing cutter each cutter tooth cutting edge and margin width, relief angle angle Degree, and then obtain the enveloping worm hob of the hobboing cutter more preferably accuracy of manufacture and cutting ability gone out compared with traditional processing.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the design and manufacture method flow chart of enveloping worm hob of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the distribution schematic diagram of enveloping worm hob profile of the present invention key curved surface Shang Dian races
Fig. 3 is according to spiral millet cake race on the right side of hobboing cutter to set up helicoid on the right side of hobboing cutter in three-dimensional software Rigen in the inventive method Process schematic
Fig. 4 is the single cutter tooth three-dimensional entity model schematic diagram of hobboing cutter set up in the inventive method
Fig. 5 is the enveloping worm hob three-dimensional model diagram set up in the inventive method
Position signal of the enveloping worm hob in CNC milling machine when Fig. 6 is based on CAM software programming numerical control milling program Figure
Embodiment
The example of the present invention is described below according to accompanying drawing.
By taking planar secondary enveloping ring surface worm gear hob as an example, relevant parameter is:The centre-to-centre spacing a=175mm of enveloping worm pair, Hobboing cutter fillet radius Rf0=152.4mm, hobboing cutter outside circle arc radius Ra0=158mm, cutter tooth row Nz=6, chip pocket is Straight trough, uniform in circumferencial direction, each rake face circumference angle is 60 °, wherein the rake face for having row's cutter tooth passes through hobboing cutter throat Transverse tooth thickness point.Hobboing cutter one has 31 cutters tooth, cutter tooth relief angles χ=5 °, margin width lE=1mm, cutter tooth transverse tooth thickness η=15mm.
Fig. 2 show the distribution schematic diagram of enveloping worm hob appearance curved surface Shang Dian races.Utilize enveloping worm hob spiral Face Forming Theory and given above-mentioned parameter, calculate the left side spiral millet cake race (1) for being distributed in hobboing cutter and right side helicoid The three-dimensional coordinate data of point race (2), wherein on unilateral helicoid, 23, high direction of tooth point, axial 127 points of hobboing cutter, totally 23 × 127=2921 point.The position of each rake face (15) is determined according to given cutter tooth row, by each rake face (15) along rake face Normal direction to cutter tooth entity translate a margin width lEDistance, intersect with left side helicoid (7) and right side helicoid (8) To left side land terminated line (9) and right side land terminated line (10), so as to calculate the left side land for being distributed in each cutter tooth Each 17 points of three-dimensional coordinate data of terminated line point race (3) and right side land terminated line point race (4).According to hobboing cutter helicoid helical pitch Angle computational methods and the method using Lathe tool tip turning hobboing cutter rear corner surface, according to side relief angle χ, in rear corner surface start line The lead angle of point and the relation of turning gearratio, obtain a series of helixes on side relief, so as to obtain the number of side relief Model is learned, using side relief mathematical modeling, left side relief angle millet cake race (5) and the right side rear corner surface of each uniform cutter tooth is calculated The three-dimensional coordinate data of point race (6), wherein 17, high direction of tooth point, 16 points of hob teeth length direction, the single cutter tooth side of hobboing cutter Rear corner surface totally 17 × 16=272 point.
Fig. 3 show helicoid (8) fit procedure figure on the right side of the hobboing cutter based on modeling software reverse-engineering principle.On right side In spiral millet cake race (2), every 127 points are axially fitted to 1 helix along hobboing cutter, 23 helixes, then by 23 altogether Helix is fitted to right side helicoid (8), similarly can obtain left side helicoid (7).In right side land terminated line point race (4), 17 points are fitted to a curve along the high direction of tooth, i.e. right side land terminated line (10), similarly can obtain left side land and terminate Line (9).In the right side relief angle millet cake race (6) of cutter tooth, every 16 points are fitted to a curve along tooth length direction, 17 altogether Curve, then by 17 curve matchings into right side rear corner surface (12), similarly can obtain left side rear corner surface (11).
Fig. 4 show the single cutter tooth three-dimensional entity model schematic diagram of hobboing cutter of foundation.According to the centre-to-centre spacing a of enveloping worm pair =175mm, hobboing cutter fillet radius Rf0=152.4mm, hobboing cutter outside circle arc radius Ra0=158mm, by " circular arc is turned round into Lamellar body " orders the tooth top anchor ring (13) and tooth root anchor ring (14) for setting up hobboing cutter.It is straight trough, first row cutter tooth by chip pocket It is 15mm that rake face is 60 ° and cutter tooth transverse tooth thickness η by hobboing cutter throat transverse tooth thickness point and each rake face circumference angle, by " straight line is drawn It is stretched into lamellar body " order the rake face (15) and rear knife face (16) for setting up cutter tooth.Rake face (15) is passed through by " cutting lamellar body " order Shearing with left side rear corner surface (11) to left side helicoid (7), obtains the left side land face (17) of cutter tooth, passes through rake face (15) Shearing with right side rear corner surface (12) to right side helicoid (8), obtains the right side land face (18) of cutter tooth.By " translation " order and " intersecting curve " order by rake face (15) backward knife face (16) direction translate a margin width lEDistance and tooth top The intersecting top land terminated line (19) for obtaining cutter tooth of anchor ring (13), tooth top anchor ring (13) is located at rake face (15) and top Part between land terminated line (19) is exactly the top land face (20) of cutter tooth.
By tooth top anchor ring (13) be located at top land terminated line (19), left side helicoid (7), right side helicoid (8) and The part between knife face (16) turns over rear corner surface angle χ=5 ° around top land terminated line (19) to tooth root anchor ring (14) afterwards, obtains To the top rear corner surface (21) of cutter tooth.By " extension curved surface " order extension top rear corner surface (21), with left side rear corner surface (11), the right side Side relief (12) and rear knife face (16) are intersecting, and left side rear corner surface (11), right side rear corner surface are cropped by " cutting lamellar body " order (12) and rear knife face (16) exceed top rear corner surface (21) part, so, by rake face (15), rear knife face (16), left side sword Behind zone face (17), left side rear corner surface (11), top land face (20), top rear corner surface (21), right side land face (18) and right side Edged surface (12) just defines the three-dimensional entity model of a cutter tooth, similarly, can obtain the three-dimensional entity model of other cutters tooth, i.e., Obtain enveloping worm hob three-dimensional entity model (22).
Fig. 6 show position of the enveloping worm hob in CNC milling machine during based on CAM software programming numerical control milling programs Schematic diagram.Obtained enveloping worm hob three-dimensional entity model (22) is inputted in UG softwares, based on X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis and C axles 4 axle linkage complete CNC milling machines, enveloping worm hob axis (23) and C overlapping of axles, milling cutter (24) rolls relative to anchor ring worm gear The relative position change of knife three-dimensional entity model (22) has X-axis, Y-axis, three rectilinear movement axles of Z axis, and enveloping worm hob Three-dimensional entity model (22) with C axles rotation.The rake face (15) of given cutter tooth, left side land face (17), right side land face (18) L=0.5mm and top land face (20) allowance for finish L, is taken, numerical programming milling program links universal numerical control in 4 axles To enveloping worm hob roughing on milling machine, then enveloping worm hob is heat-treated, is zero by allowance, numerical programming journey Sequence, rake face (15) then on 4 axle linkage complete CNC milling machines to each cutter tooth of enveloping worm hob, left side land face (17), right side land face (18) and top land face (20) finishing, that is, obtain worm gear hob finished product.

Claims (1)

1. the enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM approach based on universal numerical control milling machine, it is characterised in that including based on the rolling of anchor ring worm gear Knife CAD, using enveloping worm hob helicoid Forming Theory, calculates the left side spiral millet cake race (1) for being distributed in hobboing cutter and the right side The three-dimensional coordinate data of side spiral millet cake race (2), according to given cutter tooth row, rake face and margin width, calculating is distributed in each The left side land terminated line point race (3) of individual cutter tooth and the three-dimensional coordinate data of right side land terminated line point race (4), according to hobboing cutter spiral shell Radial facing lead angle computational methods and the method and rear corner surface angle using Lathe tool tip turning hobboing cutter rear corner surface, calculate uniform each The left side relief angle millet cake race (5) of individual cutter tooth and the three-dimensional coordinate data of right side relief angle millet cake race (6), will calculate the left side of hobboing cutter The three-dimensional coordinate data of spiral millet cake race (1) and right side spiral millet cake race (2), the left side land terminated line point race of each cutter tooth And right side land terminated line selects the three-dimensional coordinate data of race (4), relief angle millet cake race (5) and side relief point race on the left of cutter tooth (3) (6) three-dimensional coordinate data is imported in 3 d modeling software, and the left side helicoid (7) and right side helicoid of hobboing cutter are fitted respectively (8), behind the left side land terminated line (9) and right side land terminated line (10) of cutter tooth, the left side rear corner surface (11) of cutter tooth and right side Edged surface (12), tooth top anchor ring (13) and tooth root anchor ring (14), the preceding knife of cutter tooth of hobboing cutter are set up according to hobboing cutter relevant parameter Face (15) and rear knife face (16), the shearing by rake face (15) and left side rear corner surface (11) to left side helicoid (7) obtain knife The left side land face (17) of tooth, the shearing by rake face (15) and right side rear corner surface (12) to right side helicoid (8) obtains knife The right side land face (18) of tooth, the direction of rake face (15) knife face (16) backward is translated the distance and outside circle of margin width The intersecting top land terminated line (19) for obtaining cutter tooth of anchor ring (13), tooth top anchor ring (13) is located at rake face (15) and top sword It is exactly the top land face (20) of cutter tooth with the part between terminated line (19), it is whole that tooth top anchor ring (13) is located at into top land Only partly around top land terminated line (19) between line (19), left side helicoid (7), right side helicoid (8) and rear knife face (16) A rear corner surface angle is turned over to tooth root anchor ring (14), that is, the top rear corner surface (21) of cutter tooth is obtained, so, by rake face (15), left side land face (17), left side rear corner surface (11), top land face (20), top rear corner surface (21), right side land face (18), right side rear corner surface (12) and rear knife face (16) define the three-dimensional entity model of a cutter tooth, similarly, can obtain other The three-dimensional entity model of cutter tooth, so as to obtain the three-dimensional entity model (22) of hobboing cutter;Based on enveloping worm hob CAM, by anchor ring In worm gear hob three-dimensional entity model (22) input CAM softwares, based on K axle linkage complete CNC milling machines, wherein K is positive integer, K Span be 4,5 and 6, give cutter tooth rake face (15), left side land face (17), right side land face (18) and top sword Zone face (20) allowance for finish L, wherein L gives in the range of 0.05mm-1.00mm, numerical programming milling program, in the linkage of K axles To enveloping worm hob roughing on universal numerical control milling machine, then enveloping worm hob is heat-treated, is zero by allowance, establishment Numerical control program, then rake face (15), the left side sword on K axle linkage complete CNC milling machines to each cutter tooth of enveloping worm hob Zone face (17), right side land face (18) and top land face (20) finishing, that is, obtain worm gear hob finished product.
CN201710542592.3A 2017-07-05 2017-07-05 Enveloping worm hob CAD/CAM approach based on universal numerical control milling machine Active CN107322059B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108346412A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-07-31 湖北大学 The piano saddle milling method of capotasto saddle point three-dimensional modeling
CN108345733A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-31 厦门理工学院 Screw-on cutter plane machining shapes surface three dimension modeling method

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CN101104245A (en) * 2007-08-08 2008-01-16 燕山大学 Four-shaft numerically controlled ellipsoidal and spherical hobbing cutter spade milling machine tool
DE102011115241A1 (en) * 2011-01-18 2012-07-19 Liebherr-Verzahntechnik Gmbh Method for milling a worm wheel and device for this purpose
CN102601457A (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-07-25 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Method for machining worm gear hob tooth profile by means of relief grinding
CN105382313A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 西安航天动力机械厂 Machining method for numerical control milling of thin-wall curved-surface irregular parts
CN205254269U (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-05-25 中能(天津)智能传动设备有限公司 Hobbing cutter is rough milled to double enveloping wormwheel

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2004391C1 (en) * 1990-09-21 1993-12-15 Днепродзержинский индустриальный институт Worm mill
CN101104245A (en) * 2007-08-08 2008-01-16 燕山大学 Four-shaft numerically controlled ellipsoidal and spherical hobbing cutter spade milling machine tool
DE102011115241A1 (en) * 2011-01-18 2012-07-19 Liebherr-Verzahntechnik Gmbh Method for milling a worm wheel and device for this purpose
CN102601457A (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-07-25 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Method for machining worm gear hob tooth profile by means of relief grinding
CN105382313A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-09 西安航天动力机械厂 Machining method for numerical control milling of thin-wall curved-surface irregular parts
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108346412A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-07-31 湖北大学 The piano saddle milling method of capotasto saddle point three-dimensional modeling
CN108345733A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-31 厦门理工学院 Screw-on cutter plane machining shapes surface three dimension modeling method

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