CN107318600A - A kind of crops drip irrigation system - Google Patents

A kind of crops drip irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107318600A
CN107318600A CN201710773783.0A CN201710773783A CN107318600A CN 107318600 A CN107318600 A CN 107318600A CN 201710773783 A CN201710773783 A CN 201710773783A CN 107318600 A CN107318600 A CN 107318600A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
control valve
fertilising
kit
capillary
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710773783.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾新奎
喻文武
Original Assignee
贾新奎
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 贾新奎 filed Critical 贾新奎
Priority to CN201710773783.0A priority Critical patent/CN107318600A/en
Publication of CN107318600A publication Critical patent/CN107318600A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • A01C23/023Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil for liquid or gas fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of crops drip irrigation system, the water butt is connected with water main, water pump is from left to right sequentially provided with the water main, centrifugal filter, fertilising part, water main control valve, pressure gauge, exhaust apparatus, flowmeter and check valve, the U-shaped pipeline connection that the water main is provided with fertilising part, the water main control valve is arranged in the middle of U-tube road, the water main is connected with branch water pipe, the branch water pipe is connected by capillary control valve with capillary, the capillary is provided with humidity sensor, the fertilising partial right side is provided with system control cabinet.The invention can ensure that crop root system humidity is identical, part is prevented by flood or is suffered from drought, influence crop growth, check valve is set between simultaneity factor water main and branch water pipe, prevent impurity in capillary and branch water pipe etc. from entering water main, fertilising part enhances the control of dose using U-tube road access water main, and automaticity is high, safety and stability, is worthy to be popularized.

Description

A kind of crops drip irrigation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural irrigation equipment technical field, specially a kind of crops drip irrigation system.
Background technology
Drip irrigation is that water is sent into crop root by the aperture on diameter about 10mm capillaries or water dropper using plastic conduit Carry out localized irrigation.It is a kind of maximally effective Water Saving Irrigation Mode of current drought and water-scarce area, the utilization rate of water is up to 95%.Drop Filling relatively sprinkling irrigation has higher water-saving and yield-increasing effect, while fertilising can be combined, improves fertilizer efficiency more than one times.
Existing drip irrigation has a lot, but water that mostly can not be according to needed for different crops carries out drip irrigation, or Because the factors such as soil cause the degree difference of water content consumption between different crops, cause crop growth to differ, influence agriculture The growth of crop, prevents to wait weather to cause the main water that impurity etc. is flowed back into drip irrigation system due to raining without effective device Pipe, the control of dose is not accurate enough, the shortcomings of stability of a system is poor.To solve the above problems, designing a kind of crops drip irrigation System, it is ensured that crop root system humidity it is identical, prevent impurity etc. from entering water main, stability is good.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of crops drip irrigation system, it is ensured that crop root system humidity it is identical, prevent Stop point is by flood or suffers from drought, and prevents impurity etc. from flowing back into the advantage of water main, solves crop root system humidity difference, impurity The problem of etc. water main influence water quality is flowed back into.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of crops drip irrigation system, including water butt, The water butt is connected with water main, be from left to right sequentially provided with the water main water pump, centrifugal filter, fertilising part, Water main control valve, pressure gauge, exhaust apparatus, flowmeter and check valve, the U-tube that the water main is provided with fertilising part Road is connected, and the water main control valve is arranged in the middle of U-tube road, and the water main is connected with branch water pipe, the branch road water Pipe is connected by capillary control valve with capillary, and the capillary is provided with humidity sensor, and the fertilising partial right side is set There is system control cabinet, the system control cabinet passes through wire and water pump, centrifugal filter, fertilising control valve, water main control respectively Valve processed, pressure gauge, flowmeter, capillary control valve and humidity sensor are electrically connected with..
It is preferred that, the fertilising part is made up of U-tube road, fertilising control valve and Fertilizer distributing pail, and the U-tube road is provided with It is provided with the right side of fertilising control valve, the fertilising control valve in Fertilizer distributing pail, the Fertilizer distributing pail and U-shaped pipeline connection, the Fertilizer distributing pail Provided with agitating device.
It is preferred that, the fertilising control valve, water main control valve and capillary control valve are set to solenoid electric valve.
It is preferred that, the check valve is set to water main and flows to branch water pipe.
It is preferred that, the capillary is provided with several water droppers.
The present invention also provides a kind of crops drip irrigation system, including water butt, and the water butt is connected with water main, described From left to right be sequentially provided with water main water pump, centrifugal filter, fertilising part, water main control valve, pressure gauge, flowmeter and Check valve, the U-shaped pipeline connection that the water main is provided with fertilising part, the water main control valve is arranged on U-tube road Centre, the water main is connected with branch water pipe, and the branch water pipe is connected by capillary control valve with capillary, the hair Tubule is provided with humidity sensor, and the fertilising partial right side is provided with system control cabinet, and the system control cabinet is respectively by leading Line and water pump, centrifugal filter, fertilising control valve, water main control valve, pressure gauge, flowmeter, capillary control valve and humidity Sensor is electrically connected with;
Downstream pipe on the water main positioned at centrifugal filter is connected with ceramic filter;The ceramic filter includes Cylinder, is fixedly connected on the lid of cylinder upper end, the base on cylinder inner bottom surface, be installed in rotation in cylinder and The first element kit and the second element kit between lid and base, and be connected to lid bottom to drive The drive device that one element kit and the second element kit are rotated;
The cylinder lateral wall bottom is fixedly connected with the wastewater effluent joint communicated with inner barrel, and the wastewater effluent joint connects It is connected to magnetic valve;
Filter water water outlet mouthpiece and water inlet interface are formed on the covered body wall;
First element kit includes ceramic element, is fixedly connected on the upper end cover of ceramic element upper end, and be fixedly connected Bottom end cover in ceramic element lower end;The external diameter of the upper end cover and bottom end cover is less than the external diameter of ceramic element;The upper end cover On be fixedly connected with the 3rd travelling gear, the 3rd travelling gear external diameter is suitable with upper end cover external diameter;The upper end cover upper end is fixed It is connected with the filter water water out adapter connected with ceramic element inner chamber;Bottom end cover lower end centre position forms rotation grafting Head;
The upper end cover, bottom end cover are respectively by integrally moulded;
Second element kit is identical with the first element kit structure;
Upper rotation seat mounting groove, and the first landing nipple are formed on the lid bottom surface;The upper rotational installation groove bottom Side forms the first delivery port;Formed in first landing nipple close with the filter water water out adapter of the first element kit Envelope rotates the second delivery port of connection;Connection filter water water out adapter is formed in the lid, the first delivery port goes out with second The water stream channel at the mouth of a river;
Upper rotation seat is connected with the upper rotational installation groove;Upper rotation seat upper surface side is formed and the first delivery port Sealing rotates the rotary head of connection, and rotary head intermediary form has the 3rd delivery port;Upper rotation seat lower surface away from rotary head one The filter water water out adapter sealing that side forms with the second element kit rotates the bell and spigot joint being connected;Bell and spigot joint intermediary form have into The mouth of a river;3rd delivery port, water inlet is connected with upper rotation seat inner chamber;
The base upper end forms discharge outlet, and is connect with the rotation that the rotation connection-peg rotation of the first element kit is connected Mouthful;The multiple support bars being distributed uniformly and circumferentially are formed on the base end face;
Lower rotation seat is installed on the base;Position on the base with respect to the first delivery port is formed and lower rotation seat One end rotates the through hole of connection;The other end of the lower rotation seat is rotated with the rotation connection-peg of the second element kit and is connected;
The drive device includes water wheels and ratio wheel;The water wheels include water wheels body and are fixedly connected on the of water wheels body lower end One driving gear;The water wheels intermediary form has the first sleeve joint hole;
The ratio wheel includes the first ratio wheel and the second ratio wheel;First ratio wheel includes engaging with the first driving gear First travelling gear of transmission, is fixedly connected on the second driving gear of the first travelling gear lower end;In the middle of first ratio wheel into Type has the second sleeve joint hole, and the first ratio wheel is set in the outside of the bell and spigot joint of upper rotation seat by the second sleeve joint hole;
Second ratio wheel includes the second travelling gear with the second driving gear engaged transmission, is fixedly connected on the second transmission 3rd driving gear of gear lower end;First element kit, the second element kit the 3rd travelling gear respectively with the 3rd actively Gear drive is connected;
Multiple perforation being uniformly distributed to water flowing are formed respectively on first ratio wheel and the second ratio wheel;
The lid bottom forms to install the cylinder type water wheels mounting groove of water wheels, the center of circle of water wheels mounting groove and first Delivery port is overlapped;The water wheels install the first water jet that groove sidewall forms to drive water wheels to rotate;The upper rotation seat The position away from the first delivery port forms the second water jet on the side wall of mounting groove;First water jet, the second water jet is with entering Water interface is connected;
The upper rotation seat lower end forms rack positioned at rotary head lower position;The water wheels are set by the first socket borehole jack On rack top, the second ratio wheel is set on rack by the 3rd socket and positioned at water wheels lower position;The tooth Wheel bar lower end is threaded with the nut for water wheels and the second ratio wheel axially position;The rack is to the second delivery port The horizontal range of axis is equal to rack to the horizontal range of bell and spigot joint.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1st, the present invention can ensure the identical of crop root system humidity by system control cabinet and humidity sensor, prevent part by flood Or suffer from drought, influence crop growth.
2nd, check valve is set between present system water main and branch water pipe, prevents the impurity in capillary and branch water pipe Etc. entering water main.
3rd, the present invention enhances the part access water main that applies fertilizer the control of dose using U-tube road.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is present invention fertilising part-structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is circuit theory modular structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of ceramic filter.
Fig. 5 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of ceramic filter.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of lid.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of drive device.
Fig. 8 is the explosive view of lid, upper rotation seat, and drive device.
Fig. 9, Figure 10 are the structural representations of the first element kit.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of upper rotation seat.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of lower rotation seat.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of connecting rod.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of water wheels.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the first ratio wheel.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the second ratio wheel.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of base.
Figure 18 is the cross section structure diagram of base.
In figure:1 water butt, 2 water mains, 3 water pumps, 4 centrifugal filters, 5 fertilising parts, 51U types pipeline, 52 fertilising controls Valve, 53 Fertilizer distributing pails, 6 water main control valves, 7 pressure gauges, 8 exhaust apparatus, 9 flowmeters, 10 check valves, 11 branch water pipes, 12 maos Tubule control valve, 13 capillaries, 14 humidity sensors, 15 system control cabinets, 91 cylinders, 911 wastewater effluent joints, 92 lids, 921 filter water water outlet mouthpieces, 922 water inlet interfaces, 9,221 first water jets, 9,222 second water jets, 923 water wheels mounting grooves, 926 Upper rotation seat mounting groove, 927 first delivery ports, 928 first landing nipples, 9,281 second delivery ports, 93 bases, 931 discharge outlet, 9311 the 3rd water jets, 932 times rotation seat mounting grooves, 9321 through holes, 933 rotate interface, 934 connecting rod mounting grooves, 935 supports Bar, 941 first element kits, 9411 ceramic elements, 9412 upper end covers, 9413 bottom end covers, 9414 the 3rd travelling gears, 9415 mistakes Drainage water out adapter, 9416 rotate connection-pegs, 942 second element kits, 95 drive devices, 951 water wheels, 9512 water wheels bodies, 9513 first driving gears, 9,514 first sleeve joint holes, 952 first ratio wheels, 9,521 first travelling gears, 9,522 second driving tooths Wheel, 9,523 second sleeve joint holes, 953 second ratio wheels, 9,531 second travelling gears, 9532 the 3rd driving gears, 9533 the 3rd sets Interface, 961 upper rotation seats, 9611 rotary heads, 9612 bell and spigot joints, 9613 racks, 962 times rotation seats, 9621 rotate mouth, 9622 Drive link, 9623 rotate connector, 963 connecting rods, 9631 driving holes.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1-3, a kind of crops drip irrigation system, including water butt 1 are referred to, the water butt 1 is connected with water main 2, described Water pump 3, centrifugal filter 4, fertilising part 5, water main control valve 6, pressure gauge 7, row are from left to right sequentially provided with water main 2 Device of air 8, flowmeter 9 and check valve 10, the U-tube road 51 that the water main 2 is provided with fertilising part 5 are connected, the master Conduit control valve 6 is arranged in the middle of U-tube road 51, and the water main 2 is connected with branch water pipe 11, and the branch water pipe 11 passes through Capillary control valve 12 is connected with capillary 13, and the capillary 13 is provided with humidity sensor 14, the right side of fertilising part 5 Provided with system control cabinet 15, the system control cabinet 15 passes through wire and water pump 3, centrifugal filter 4, fertilising control valve respectively 52nd, water main control valve 6, pressure gauge 7, flowmeter 9, capillary control valve 12 and humidity sensor 14 are electrically connected with, described to apply Fertile part 5 is made up of U-tube road 51, fertilising control valve 52 and Fertilizer distributing pail 53, and the U-tube road 51 is provided with fertilising control valve 52, the right side of fertilising control valve 52 is provided with Fertilizer distributing pail 53, and the Fertilizer distributing pail 53 is connected with U-tube road 51, the Fertilizer distributing pail 53 Interior to be provided with agitating device, the fertilising control valve 52, water main control valve 6 and capillary control valve 12 are set to Electromagnetic Control Valve, the check valve 10 is set to water main and flows to branch water pipe, and the capillary 14 is provided with several water droppers, the system Circuit board and intelligent controller are provided with switch board 15.
In use, during branch water pipe 11, capillary control valve 12, capillary 13 and humidity sensor 14 are placed into the soil, it is wet The humidity of soil near each capillary 14 is delivered to system control cabinet 15, system control cabinet 15 by degree sensor 14 by wire In the humidity condition of soil that is passed out according to humidity sensor 14 of intelligent controller, it is control water pump 3, centrifugal filter 4, main The opening and closing of conduit control valve 6 and capillary control valve 12, when humidity is less than setting value, water pump 3, centrifugal filter 4, water main Control valve 6 and capillary control valve 12 are opened, and water pump 3, which extracts the water in water butt 1 out, enters water main 2, and water is along water main 2 Sequentially pass through centrifugal filter 4, water main control valve 6, pressure gauge 7, exhaust apparatus 8, flowmeter 9 and check valve 10 and enter branch road Water pipe 11, then enters in capillary 14 by branch water pipe 11, and the water dropper being provided with by capillary 14 enters in soil;When Reach after requirement humidity, water pump 3, centrifugal filter 4, water main control valve 6 and capillary control valve 12 are closed;When need fertilising When, fertilising control valve 52, the water and Fertilizer distributing pail 53 closed in water main control valve 6, water main 2 are opened by system control cabinet 15 Fertilizer is flowed into U-tube road 51, is mixed on U-tube road 51, mixed liquid is flow back into water main 2, passes sequentially through pressure Table 7, exhaust apparatus 8, flowmeter 9, check valve 10, branch water pipe 11, capillary control valve 12 and capillary 13 enter soil, apply Fertilizer is finished, and water pump 3, centrifugal filter 4, fertilising control valve 52 and capillary control valve 12 are closed.
In summary:The agricultural dropleting enemaing system, it is ensured that crop root system humidity it is identical, prevent part by flood or by Drought, influences crop growth, sets check valve between simultaneity factor water main and branch water pipe, prevent in capillary and branch water pipe Impurity etc. enter water main, using U-tube road, the part access water main that applies fertilizer is enhanced to the control of dose, automation Degree is high, and safety and stability is worthy to be popularized.
Embodiment 2
With reference to shown in Fig. 1-Figure 18, the present embodiment makes following improvement on the basis of embodiment 1:On the water main be located at from The downstream pipe of heart filter is connected with ceramic filter;The ceramic filter includes cylinder 91, is fixedly connected on cylinder The lid 92 of upper end, the base 93 on cylinder inner bottom surface, be installed in rotation in cylinder 91 and positioned at lid 92 with The first element kit 941 and the second element kit 942 between base 93, and be connected to lid bottom to drive first The drive device 95 that element kit and the second element kit are rotated.
The cylinder lateral wall bottom is fixedly connected with the wastewater effluent joint 911 communicated with inner barrel, and the waste water goes out Water swivel is connected with magnetic valve;.
Filter water water outlet mouthpiece 921 and water inlet interface 922 are formed on the covered body wall.
First element kit 941 includes ceramic element 9411, is fixedly connected on the upper end cover of ceramic element upper end 9412, and it is fixedly connected on the bottom end cover 9413 of ceramic element lower end;The external diameter of the upper end cover and bottom end cover is less than ceramics The external diameter of filter core;It is fixedly connected with the upper end cover outside the 3rd travelling gear 9414, the 3rd travelling gear external diameter and upper end cover Footpath is suitable;The upper end cover upper end is fixedly connected with the filter water water out adapter 9415 connected with ceramic element inner chamber;Under described End cap lower end centre position forms rotation connection-peg 9416.
The upper end cover, bottom end cover are respectively by integrally moulded.
Second element kit is identical with the first element kit structure.
Upper rotation seat mounting groove 926, and the first landing nipple 928 are formed on the lid bottom surface;The upper rotation Groove bottom side is installed and forms the first delivery port 927;The mistake with the first element kit is formed in first landing nipple The sealing of drainage water out adapter rotates the second delivery port 9281 of connection;Connection filter water water out adapter is formed in the lid, First delivery port, the water stream channel with the second delivery port.
Upper rotation seat 961 is connected with the upper rotational installation groove;Upper rotation seat upper surface side is formed and the The sealing of one delivery port rotates the rotary head 9611 of connection, and rotary head intermediary form has the 3rd delivery port;Upper rotation seat lower surface is remote The filter water water out adapter sealing formed from the side of rotary head with the second element kit rotates the bell and spigot joint 9612 being connected;Set Joint intermediary form has water inlet;3rd delivery port, water inlet is connected with upper rotation seat inner chamber.
The base upper end forms discharge outlet 931, and rotates what is be connected with the rotation connection-peg of the first element kit Rotate interface 933;The multiple support bars 935 being distributed uniformly and circumferentially are formed on the base end face.
Lower rotation seat 962 is installed on the base;Position on the base with respect to the first delivery port is formed with One end of rotation seat rotates the through hole of connection;The other end of the lower rotation seat and the rotation connection-peg of the second element kit are rotated Connection.
The drive device 95 includes water wheels 951 and ratio wheel;The water wheels include water wheels body 9512 with being fixedly connected on First driving gear 9513 of water wheels body lower end;The water wheels intermediary form has the first sleeve joint hole 9514.
The ratio wheel includes the first ratio wheel 952 and the second ratio wheel 953;First ratio wheel includes and the first master First travelling gear 9521 of moving gear engaged transmission, is fixedly connected on the second driving gear of the first travelling gear lower end 9522;First ratio wheel intermediary form has the second sleeve joint hole 9523, and the first ratio wheel is set in upper rotation by the second sleeve joint hole The outside of the bell and spigot joint of seat.
Second ratio wheel includes the second travelling gear 9531 with the second driving gear engaged transmission, is fixedly connected on 3rd driving gear 9532 of the second travelling gear lower end;The 3rd travelling gear point of first element kit, the second element kit It is not connected with the 3rd driving gear.
Multiple perforation being uniformly distributed to water flowing are formed respectively on first ratio wheel and the second ratio wheel;Due to Drive device includes double reduction mechanism, and the travelling gear of engaged transmission differs larger with the diameter of driving gear two-by-two, subtracts Small ceramic element velocity of rotation, extends the ceramic element life-span.
The lid bottom forms to install the cylinder type water wheels mounting groove 923 of water wheels, the circle of water wheels mounting groove The heart is overlapped with the first delivery port 927;The water wheels install the first water jet that groove sidewall forms to drive water wheels to rotate 9221;The position away from the first delivery port forms the second water jet 9222 on the side wall of the upper rotation seat mounting groove;First Water jet, the second water jet is connected with water inlet interface.
The upper rotation seat lower end forms rack 9613 positioned at rotary head lower position;The water wheels pass through first set Connect borehole jack and be located at rack top, the second ratio wheel is set on rack by the 3rd socket 9533 and below water wheels Position;The rack lower end is threaded with the nut for water wheels and the second ratio wheel axially position;The rack is arrived The horizontal range of the axis of second delivery port is equal to rack to the horizontal range of bell and spigot joint.
Because the horizontal range of rack to the axis of the second delivery port is equal to rack to the horizontal range of bell and spigot joint, and Second ratio wheel is rotatably installed on rack, and so no matter whether the ceramic element of the second element kit weares and teares, and second slows down 3rd driving gear of wheel can keep engagement with the 3rd travelling gear on two element kits all the time.
The base upper end forms lower rotation seat mounting groove 932 with respect to the position of upper rotation seat mounting groove;The base Lower surface forms positioned at lower rotation seat mounting groove lower position and is provided with connecting rod mounting groove 934, connecting rod mounting groove and lower turn The connecting rod 963 of dynamic seat connection;The through hole 9321 is located at lower rotation seat and installs groove bottom side and connected with connecting rod mounting groove;Institute State the position away from through hole in connecting rod installation groove sidewall and form the 3rd water jet 9311 connected with discharge outlet;The lower rotation Seat lower end is formed rotates the rotation connector 9623 being connected with through hole, rotates the biography that connector lower end forms polygon prism build Lever 9622;The lower position of the rotation seat upper end away from drive link forms the rotation connection-peg rotation with the second element kit The rotation mouthful 9621 of connection;One end forms the driving hole 9631 that grafting is fixed with drive link on the connecting rod.
When filter works, water flows into inner barrel from water inlet interface, after ceramic element is filtered, and passes through filter water Water out adapter, water stream channel and the outflow of filter water water outlet mouthpiece;
The water flowed into from water inlet interface is sprayed by the first water jet along water wheels tangential direction, and feed water wheel body impulsive force so that water Wheel body and the first driving gear are used as unitary rotation;First driving gear and the first travelling gear engaged transmission so that first subtracts Speed wheel is rotated, and the second driving gear drives the second travelling gear engaged transmission so that the second ratio wheel is rotated, the 3rd driving gear Drive the 3rd travelling gear engaged transmission of the first element kit and the second element kit;So as to drive the first element kit and the Two element kits rotate in same direction;
Because the water from water inlet interface is sprayed by the second water jet, upper rotation seat sidewall impact power is given, due to rotary head and There is distance between two water jets, therefore the torque towards the first element kit can be produced, promote the top of the second element kit It is close to the first element kit, while the water flowed out from discharge outlet is sprayed by the 3rd water jet, link sidewalls impulsive force is given, even The torque towards the first element kit can be produced on bar, lower rotation seat is passed to by drive link, due to lower rotation seat and second The rotation connection-peg of element kit rotates connection, promotes the second element kit bottom close to the first element kit, so that the Two element kits are overall to keep the state that offsets with the first element kit always;When two ceramic elements rotate in same direction, ceramic filtering The direction of motion for the position that outer core offsets is on the contrary, so as to the outer wall for the attachment impurity that can mutually wear and tear, it is to avoid ceramic element outer wall Block;The magnetic valve is opened once every a period of time, and the concentrated water that solid granulates are mixed with filter is discharged.
When ceramic element wear up to external diameter it is equal with ceramic element external diameter when, because upper end cover and bottom end cover are by plastics system Into ceramic element does not just continue to abrasion, when filter water water outlet mouthpiece no longer there are flowing out, illustrates that ceramic element side wall is miscellaneous Matter is blocked, it is necessary to change completely.
Pass through the filtering again of ceramic element, it is ensured that capillary will not produce blocking because of there is particulate matter in water.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of crops drip irrigation system, including water butt(1), it is characterised in that:The water butt(1)With water main(2)Even It is logical, the water main(2)On be from left to right sequentially provided with water pump(3), centrifugal filter(4), fertilising part(5), water main control Valve processed(6), pressure gauge(7), exhaust apparatus(8), flowmeter(9)And check valve(10), the water main(2)With fertilising part (5)The U-tube road being provided with(51)Connection, the water main control valve(6)It is arranged on U-tube road(51)Centre, the main water Pipe(2)With branch water pipe(11)Connection, the branch water pipe(11)Pass through capillary control valve(12)With capillary(13)Connection, The capillary(13)It is provided with humidity sensor(14), the fertilising part(5)Right side is provided with system control cabinet(15), it is described System control cabinet(15)Pass through wire and water pump respectively(3), centrifugal filter(4), fertilising control valve(52), water main control valve (6), pressure gauge(7), flowmeter(9), capillary control valve(12)And humidity sensor(14)It is electrically connected with.
2. a kind of crops drip irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fertilising part(5)By U-tube Road(51), fertilising control valve(52)And Fertilizer distributing pail(53)Composition, the U-tube road(51)Provided with fertilising control valve(52), institute State fertilising control valve(52)Right side is provided with Fertilizer distributing pail(53), the Fertilizer distributing pail(53)With U-tube road(51)Connection, the Fertilizer distributing pail (53)It is interior to be provided with agitating device.
3. a kind of crops drip irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fertilising control valve(52), it is main Conduit control valve(6)With capillary control valve(12)It is set to solenoid electric valve.
4. a kind of crops drip irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The check valve(10)Based on setting Water pipe flows to branch water pipe.
5. a kind of crops drip irrigation system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The capillary(14)If provided with Dry water dropper.
6. a kind of crops drip irrigation system, including water butt, it is characterised in that:The water butt is connected with water main, the master Water pump, centrifugal filter, fertilising part, water main control valve, pressure gauge, flowmeter and list are from left to right sequentially provided with water pipe To valve, the U-shaped pipeline connection that the water main is provided with fertilising part, the water main control valve is arranged in U-tube road Between, the water main is connected with branch water pipe, and the branch water pipe is connected by capillary control valve with capillary, the capillary Pipe is provided with humidity sensor, and the fertilising partial right side is provided with system control cabinet, and the system control cabinet passes through wire respectively Passed with water pump, centrifugal filter, fertilising control valve, water main control valve, pressure gauge, flowmeter, capillary control valve and humidity Sensor is electrically connected with;
Downstream pipe on the water main positioned at centrifugal filter is connected with ceramic filter;The ceramic filter includes Cylinder, is fixedly connected on the lid of cylinder upper end, the base on cylinder inner bottom surface, be installed in rotation in cylinder and The first element kit and the second element kit between lid and base, and be connected to lid bottom to drive The drive device that one element kit and the second element kit are rotated;
The cylinder lateral wall bottom is fixedly connected with the wastewater effluent joint communicated with inner barrel, and the wastewater effluent joint connects It is connected to magnetic valve;
Filter water water outlet mouthpiece and water inlet interface are formed on the covered body wall;
First element kit includes ceramic element, is fixedly connected on the upper end cover of ceramic element upper end, and be fixedly connected Bottom end cover in ceramic element lower end;The external diameter of the upper end cover and bottom end cover is less than the external diameter of ceramic element;The upper end cover On be fixedly connected with the 3rd travelling gear, the 3rd travelling gear external diameter is suitable with upper end cover external diameter;The upper end cover upper end is fixed It is connected with the filter water water out adapter connected with ceramic element inner chamber;Bottom end cover lower end centre position forms rotation grafting Head;
The upper end cover, bottom end cover are respectively by integrally moulded;
Second element kit is identical with the first element kit structure;
Upper rotation seat mounting groove, and the first landing nipple are formed on the lid bottom surface;The upper rotational installation groove bottom Side forms the first delivery port;Formed in first landing nipple close with the filter water water out adapter of the first element kit Envelope rotates the second delivery port of connection;Connection filter water water out adapter is formed in the lid, the first delivery port goes out with second The water stream channel at the mouth of a river;
Upper rotation seat is connected with the upper rotational installation groove;Upper rotation seat upper surface side is formed and the first delivery port Sealing rotates the rotary head of connection, and rotary head intermediary form has the 3rd delivery port;Upper rotation seat lower surface away from rotary head one The filter water water out adapter sealing that side forms with the second element kit rotates the bell and spigot joint being connected;Bell and spigot joint intermediary form have into The mouth of a river;3rd delivery port, water inlet is connected with upper rotation seat inner chamber;
The base upper end forms discharge outlet, and is connect with the rotation that the rotation connection-peg rotation of the first element kit is connected Mouthful;The multiple support bars being distributed uniformly and circumferentially are formed on the base end face;
Lower rotation seat is installed on the base;Position on the base with respect to the first delivery port is formed and lower rotation seat One end rotates the through hole of connection;The other end of the lower rotation seat is rotated with the rotation connection-peg of the second element kit and is connected;
The drive device includes water wheels and ratio wheel;The water wheels include water wheels body and are fixedly connected on the of water wheels body lower end One driving gear;The water wheels intermediary form has the first sleeve joint hole;
The ratio wheel includes the first ratio wheel and the second ratio wheel;First ratio wheel includes engaging with the first driving gear First travelling gear of transmission, is fixedly connected on the second driving gear of the first travelling gear lower end;In the middle of first ratio wheel into Type has the second sleeve joint hole, and the first ratio wheel is set in the outside of the bell and spigot joint of upper rotation seat by the second sleeve joint hole;
Second ratio wheel includes the second travelling gear with the second driving gear engaged transmission, is fixedly connected on the second transmission 3rd driving gear of gear lower end;First element kit, the second element kit the 3rd travelling gear respectively with the 3rd actively Gear drive is connected;
Multiple perforation being uniformly distributed to water flowing are formed respectively on first ratio wheel and the second ratio wheel;
The lid bottom forms to install the cylinder type water wheels mounting groove of water wheels, the center of circle of water wheels mounting groove and first Delivery port is overlapped;The water wheels install the first water jet that groove sidewall forms to drive water wheels to rotate;The upper rotation seat The position away from the first delivery port forms the second water jet on the side wall of mounting groove;First water jet, the second water jet is with entering Water interface is connected;
The upper rotation seat lower end forms rack positioned at rotary head lower position;The water wheels are set by the first socket borehole jack On rack top, the second ratio wheel is set on rack by the 3rd socket and positioned at water wheels lower position;The tooth Wheel bar lower end is threaded with the nut for water wheels and the second ratio wheel axially position;The rack is to the second delivery port The horizontal range of axis is equal to rack to the horizontal range of bell and spigot joint.
CN201710773783.0A 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of crops drip irrigation system CN107318600A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710773783.0A CN107318600A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of crops drip irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710773783.0A CN107318600A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of crops drip irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710773783.0A CN107318600A (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 A kind of crops drip irrigation system

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108781688A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-13 广东和利农种业股份有限公司 A kind of crop is without hindering root fertilizer method of supplying water and its device
CN109042242A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-12-21 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of embanked field furrow ditch divides filling device
CN110226494A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-09-13 中国电建集团昆明勘测设计研究院有限公司 Falling zone plant drip irrigation equipment
CN110771333A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-11 浙江宁围环境服务有限公司 Automatic water and fertilizer spraying device and method for municipal garden maintenance

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108781688A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-13 广东和利农种业股份有限公司 A kind of crop is without hindering root fertilizer method of supplying water and its device
CN109042242A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-12-21 内蒙古农业大学 A kind of embanked field furrow ditch divides filling device
CN110226494A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-09-13 中国电建集团昆明勘测设计研究院有限公司 Falling zone plant drip irrigation equipment
CN110771333A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-11 浙江宁围环境服务有限公司 Automatic water and fertilizer spraying device and method for municipal garden maintenance

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