CN107318081A - A kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked - Google Patents

A kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107318081A
CN107318081A CN201710622369.XA CN201710622369A CN107318081A CN 107318081 A CN107318081 A CN 107318081A CN 201710622369 A CN201710622369 A CN 201710622369A CN 107318081 A CN107318081 A CN 107318081A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
registration
shared bicycle
car
numbering
relay
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Pending
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CN201710622369.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张金木
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Fuzhou Taijiang Chaoren Electronic Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710622369.XA priority Critical patent/CN107318081A/en
Publication of CN107318081A publication Critical patent/CN107318081A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00182Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated with unidirectional data transmission between data carrier and locks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/713Spread spectrum techniques using frequency hopping
    • H04B1/715Interference-related aspects
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B10/00Transmission systems employing electromagnetic waves other than radio-waves, e.g. infrared, visible or ultraviolet light, or employing corpuscular radiation, e.g. quantum communication
    • H04B10/11Arrangements specific to free-space transmission, i.e. transmission through air or vacuum
    • H04B10/114Indoor or close-range type systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • H04W4/046
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/80Services using short range communication, e.g. near-field communication [NFC], radio-frequency identification [RFID] or low energy communication
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/20Manipulation of established connections
    • H04W76/23Manipulation of direct-mode connections
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/10Small scale networks; Flat hierarchical networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/713Spread spectrum techniques using frequency hopping
    • H04B1/715Interference-related aspects
    • H04B2001/7152Interference-related aspects with means for suppressing interference

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked, shared bicycle uses password unlocking, by way of communication station, registration controller or infrared calling mechanism are set, realize shared bicycle and park registration in order, user's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by nRF905 radio communication modes, realize that register information is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again through shared bicycle, registration controller.

Description

A kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked
(1) technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked, shared bicycle is opened using password Lock, by way of setting communication station, registration controller or infrared calling mechanism, realizes shared bicycle and parks registration in order, User's condominium and accessible positioning, and networked by nRF905 radio communication modes, realize register information through shared bicycle, registration Controller is transferred to communication station and is uploaded to total station control again.
(2) background technology:
The shared bicycle in full street, little Lan cars, small green car, little Huang cars, small screw oil expeller is of all kinds leaves about everywhere, mixed and disorderly nothing Chapter, the influence appearance of the city hinders the trip of people.But shared bicycle provides convenient for citizen's Green Travel, as long as having mobile phone with regard to that can ride Walk, be finished go away it is very convenient, solve many working clans multiply public transport " last one kilometer " can not go directly destination the problem of. The key problem in technology of shared bicycle has mechanical code lock, keyboard password lock and smart lock on lock, and wherein mechanical code lock is only set One constant password, cause often by numeral will loosen retainer and password lock collar, there is also one or two people using close The situation that code is not upset and freely ridden;Keypad lock simply enters password and presses button below combination disk again, you can success Unlock;As long as also smart lock is clicked on before the interface that mobile phone A PP opens " scanning Quick Response Code ", alignment bicycle position or vehicle seat Following two-dimensional code scanning can open smart lock, and lock is finally pulled open manually.The charging modes of shared bicycle are using hair Spark is roused or solar panels generation mode, and cost is higher, and its positioning method uses GSM/GPRS and d GPS locating module.User Neighbouring bicycle can be searched for by mobile phone A PP.GPS location meets obstacle impact effect, and does not only have less to neighbouring bicycle Bus again in the urgent need to bicycle when just it is valuable.
(3) content of the invention:
Shared bicycle uses password unlocking, without installing mobile phone A PP.Password is by master station and each shared bicycle automatically by unified Rule generation, create-rule externally maintains secrecy, and password is set using time limit, the 1 day phase and 2 day phase, 4 day phase of password time limit point in short term And non-short-term 15 day phase and 30 day phase, the time limit had a time limit to expire by latter short-term every in addition to 1 day phase 2 days, 4 day phase of generation Password, 15 day phase and 30 day phase are used for personal user, expire and generate 30 day time limit password, and the above-mentioned undue time limit subtracts 2 day Or 15 days, 2 day phase, 4 day phase and 15 day time limit and 30 day time limit can be remained when hiring a car, benefit is remake during password lazy weight Fill.The short-term time limit is used for voluntary bicycle patrol party, unit collective car, outdoor advertising propaganda team car and collective's travelling car etc. Deng, checkout is concentrated after user's registration lease, APP need not be installed without mobile phone using password unlocking, shared bicycle is collected nearby, It is finished and is gone away after the registration of bicycle diamond car locking, can be also continuing with whenever and wherever possible until password expiration ceases to be in force automatically. Various time limit passwords are sold by master station, and each shared bicycle provides service, and personal user need to hand over deposit during sale, when password is used by The shared bicycle record service condition used, service condition data from shared bicycle transmission be registered for controller and communication station to Total station control collects, and personal user settles accounts in several days.User can log in the Web site query one-state of total station control.It is close The code time limit, then password cancelled automatically, and total station control inquires about user by communication network and uses car situation.Password is by 6 decimal systems Number is constituted, and each decimal number is then converted into binary number and makees irregular ring shift left or move to right one by the time limit, i.e., often Individual cyclic shift number of times, the 0-F of code character of ACS II after displacement correspond to a fixed decimal system random number respectively, this Sample, total station control and each lock controller with regard to password can be remained as, the password of user's input purchase can unlock nothing Need communication.
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication with total station control, Liang Ge communication stations point Not She Zhi radio communication nRF905 modules, nRF905 timings are realized with wireless communication frequency between the station that sets and stepped in nRF905 modules Remember information transmission, the reception state of radio communication is at this moment kept by communication station in front of setting order, carry out unidirectional information transfer.It is logical Believe that single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 is communicated by its SPI interface with nRF905 in the registration controller at station, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface is communicated with bluetooth module, and communication data is stored in nonvolatile storage.nRF905 Supported there is provided powerful hopping and substantial amounts of channel, many special occasions can be used in, disturbed in communication When, it is anti-interference using frequency-hopping mode.NRF905 even with the PCB antenna without gain its transmission range also up to 200m, if Farther transmission range is needed, the antenna with gain can be made into and meet different demands;
The reception of nRF905 data, single-chip microcomputer controls TRX_CE to be that high level, TX_EN are low level, and nRF905, which enters, to be connect Receipts pattern;After 650us, nRF905 monitors aerial information, waits data to be received;When nRF905 detect it is identical with receives frequency Carrier wave when, set carrier wave to detect that pin CD is high level;When nRF905 receives effective address, address is set to match pipe Pin AM is high level;After a correct packet is received, nRF905 remove automatically the prefix of packet, address and Then data are received completion pin and are set to high level by CRC check code;TRX_CE is set to low level and passed through by single-chip microcomputer SPI interface is with effective reception data in certain Rate extraction packet;When all valid data are received, nRF905 It is low level that data receiver, which completes pin DR and address matching pin AM,;NRF905 enters standby mode.Reception process major cycle It is constantly in listening state, recursive call receiver function.If receiving packet, response bag is sent.When the communication station of setting When number is less, under communication station single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station passes through channel radio between communication station Reliable existing networking, and it is sent to total station control processing through nRF905.
Communication station is set in bicycle diamond or registration controller is installed or installed in infrared calling mechanism, registration controller Equipped with microcontroller, nonvolatile storage, far infrared transceiver and bluetooth module.NRF905 modules are included in communication station and are stepped on Remember controller, the register information being collected into is uploaded to total station control by each communication station after data processing, by total station control Monitoring vehicle flowrate, and realize that shared bicycle parks user's condominium and accessible positioning in order everywhere.Lock is housed in shared bicycle Controller, lock controller includes single-chip microcomputer, nonvolatile storage, infrared transceiver device, bluetooth module and keyboard, infrared receiving/transmission Device is connected to the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, and the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module.It is equipped with infrared transceiver device by red The infrared receiving/transmission probe that outer transmitting tube and infrared receiving tube and lens are constituted.
The bicycle diamond that non-motor vehicle parking stall graticule is indicated in the major trunk roads roadside of business district sets communication station or stepped on Remember controller, set communication station to be used to constitute communication network, the infrared transceiver device for sharing bicycle sets positioning infrared receiving/transmission Probe and relay are popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission.Each registration controller is used buries infrared receiving/transmission probe under the road surface of bicycle diamond Or infrared receiving/transmission probe, the positioning of a shared bicycle of its infrared receiving/transmission alignment probe stand are installed in road surface upper pright stanchion Popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, infrared receiving/transmission probe is equipped with lens, and transmitting is with receiving angle and the pairing of infrared light wavelength by infrared hair Penetrate diode and determined with receiving the experiment of the parameter of diode and the selection of lens parameter and scene transmitting with receiving.Shared bicycle Infrared receiving/transmission probe except outer to penetrating with registration controller, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another fill one for identifying Or the relay at the top of the vertical rod of decoration is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, relay has unified setting height(from bottom) and position with infrared receiving/transmission probe To bicycle or so to penetrating, accordingly make left or right mark, its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles.Constituted in blueteeth network Under the support of algorithm, can be automatically composed in a short period of time an independent wireless network without other network hardwares or The network facilities is supported.Bluetooth equipment LMP Link Manager Protocol control piconet in equipment operation, be synchronized to common clock and A shared physical radio channel is referred to as main equipment, Suo Youqi by one group of equipment of hopping pattern there is provided the equipment of synchronous base Its equipment is referred to as slave unit.One main equipment is at most connected with 7 active slave units, main equipment transmission link manager association Connection request data cell is discussed, the bluetooth module matched with solicited message is activated or is waken up from resting state, carry out parameter Consult, and set up asynchronous wireless connecting link to prepare Deng correlation for data transfer, will if any multiple unnecessary active slave units It is notified and enters park mode, also target dormancy slave unit can be invited to become active slave unit as needed afterwards.
Setting time after registration controller is started as far infrared transceiver of the main equipment on road daily Interior, shared bicycle, which sequentially enters diamond and sequentially parked, makees relay numbering registration, arbitrarily parks, can not register to settle accounts.Institute Relay numbering registration is stated to refer to register by the corresponding shared bicycle of the infrared receiving/transmission probe on road, it is shared after registration Bicycle again successfully to register when the left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission of relay receive, to the right or left unregistered shared bicycle is carried out Numbering registration, and registration and number information are transmitted, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, finally Bluetooth mould during one shared bicycle successfully registered and numbered is waken up from resting state labeled as relay car and accesses main equipment The piconet of block control, and set master is wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared bicycle information delivered in relays Standby, relay car bluetooth module completes relay numbering registration into park mode after transmission, and that registers and number as first is total to Bicycle is enjoyed, relay registration and numbering hereafter are carried out to shared bicycle numbering by registration controller.Relay is registered and numbering process:First Access piconet is waken up to having been enter into registration controller unregistered shared bicycle after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking, by Registration controller sequentially distributes " new numbering " to each shared bicycle in piconet, for infrared relay registration, the new numbering of distribution Shared bicycle bluetooth module afterwards is to be placed in resting state, then, registration controller to it is registered and numbering shared bicycle with Its numbering is that address realizes that registration controller and the register information of shared bicycle bluetooth module serial communication are exchanged, and registers control All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared bicycle by device processed, are then ground according to new numbering since relay car Registered to making infrared relay after the shared bicycle of new numbering sequentially scan transponding location.The infrared relay registration refers to through infrared registration Shared bicycle afterwards again successfully to register when the left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission of relay receive, it is to the right or left unregistered shared Bicycle makees scan transponding registration, and transmits registration and number information, and last shared bicycle registered by relay is labeled as new Relay car take over former relay car, and be waken up access piconet, then this all newly registered and numbered from resting state Shared bicycle information is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after registration controller, transmission and enters the infrared relay of park mode completion Registration.Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information. Relay is registered and the purpose of numbering is that requirement bicycle is sequentially parked, and bicycle is shared to the new numbering that can not complete to register and number, Its new numbering makes marks records its user profile as " sequence number to be stepped on ".The registration and numbering refer to the license number of shared bicycle with The one-to-one corresponding of numbering.Its LED is glittering at regular intervals once green after each shared bicycle is successfully registered.
With the exception of this, the shared bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to blue to registration controller Unregistered shared bicycle is registered in tooth signal cover, and registration controller is taken registers and number the several of setting through relay Behind the interval of individual lot number, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on.Extension registration and numbering:First in order of numbers is opened The infrared transceiver device of the shared bicycle of a registered numbering, to sharing bicycle in diamond according to newly numbering and serial number to be stepped on Address, sequentially makees infrared relay registration after scan transponding, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, until it is all The numbering of registration operates completion.In extension registration and numbering in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering finally by into The shared bicycle of work(registration, cancels former relay car as new relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering, registration controller is by Control is easy in registration and the shared bicycle sequentially list of numbering.
When shared bicycle and registration controller enter row information exchange, the registration controller of communication station receives each shared bicycle The register information being each collected into is carried out information exchange by register information, other registration controllers with each shared bicycle.Registered letter Cease the license number and its status of equipment for the shared bicycle registered comprising each registration controller being collected into setting time section, use Pattern, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and registration controller coding.Register information is sent to registration by shared bicycle After controller will the register information delete, each registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously passed by shared bicycle after arrangement Pass, collect through communication station to total station control.
Infrared transceiver device installation place is arrived first before the shared bicycle in wide vacant lot is parked to be registered and numbered, it is red depending on installing The position of outer R-T unit and the maximum distance of diamond, are controlled in the setting time between 30 seconds to 90 seconds by lock controller Car locking is then registered effectively, and infrared calling mechanism exchanges register information with shared bicycle during registration, infrared transceiver device by single-chip microcomputer, Nonvolatile storage and infrared transceiver device are constituted.
Bicycle diamond in non-business district, daily first shared bicycle and the infrared calling mechanism for being installed on roadside Proceed by first shared bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and be arranged to main equipment, as stated above Carry out relay registration and numbering and extension registration and number, its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, is set when described For main equipment shared bicycle unlock ride away when, will registration and number information send to infrared calling mechanism and be re-set as from Equipment, the shared bicycle that the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and numbered, receives infrared transceiver device Registration and number information after, be set to main equipment continue relay registration and number.
The registration controller of identical numbering is set in all front doors of school or residential area, by its bluetooth module piconet Automatic that the shared bicycle registration that comes in and goes out is represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, fashionable shared list Car sends register information to registration controller, and registration controller sends register information to shared bicycle when going out.Or take The bicycle diamond of inside residential area or other sheltered situations is installed by probe, it is to avoid shared bicycle is in residential area or other hidden Cover in place and damaged;
Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user.Pass by one's way pedestrian, voluntary labor service is casual user.VIP user Unlocked after administrative department's real name registration using keyboard, be adapted to more extensive consumer group, total station control collects VIP user's fare With accumulative checkout, SMS notification, VIP user can log in the network port acquisition of master station's computer with fare details. Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will dock near bicycle diamond and carry out car locking registration clearing, be not registered for Car locking refuses clearing.
Shared bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method.Car plate below each shared bicycle vehicle seat indicates the car License plate number and total station control telephone number, casual user with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, Total station control receives license plate number and obtains casual user's age characteristics by telephone number query, and is sent by short message to mobile phone Special unlocking cipher, casual user can input password, and lock controller is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, at this moment temporarily User can pull open lock manually and use, and lock controller starts timing, shut lock manually after arriving at registration, at this moment The normally open contact that car locking action is transferred to car locking switch through spring is allowed to closure prompting car locking, and lock controller is unlocked special The use car information transmission of password is to communication station by master station's bulk registration, and total station control deducts the reward time according to use state and counted Calculation expense, clearing short message is sent to casual user, and its expense is paid by telephone charge, unused reward bulk registration;Shared bicycle dress The mercoid switch group being made up of the mercoid switch by several different installment states, if casual user is not to ride but portable The registration of registration destination is reached, lock controller is according to equipment of itself fault detect and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule Judge whether shared bicycle damages or ride, carry out the reward to telephone number casual user.Lock controller is periodically inquired about Capital equipment, finds to damage or equipment is stolen and put on record.Total station control finds that disabled vehicle, corpse car are to send at cruiser Reason.Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares the various forms of motion shapes of bicycle Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under state is drawn by testing, and is passed the information in case of stolen car lock controller to master station Controller alarm puts on record, total station control or send cruiser to crime the several registration controllers in periphery send inspection ask, look into Obtain case to dispatch a car movement locus, several periphery registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to the bluetooth signal intensity received Positioned according to prior art, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further being dispatched a car according to case movement locus and receives Case dispatch a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, most backward crime car through Bluetooth signal send unlatching alarm vocal command, case, which is dispatched a car, sends report Alert sound, cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
(4) illustrate:
Fig. 1 is the circuit structure block diagram of a kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked.
(5) embodiment:
A kind of circuit structure block diagram of the orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked as shown in figure 1, including It is equipped with Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, registration controller, the lock controller (B) of infrared calling mechanism and shared bicycle, Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ The ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and registration controller.Registration controller loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5, infrared receiving/transmission comprising Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 ﹚, non-Yi 6 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 3 ﹚, the wherein ﹚ of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 use STC12C5A60S2, the ﹚ of infrared receiving/transmission Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 6 to be connected to monolithic The I/O mouths of machine, and using the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 of CC2541 chip serial ports transparent transmissions, will be non-when STC12C5A60S2 sends data Yi loses the data stored in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 and carries out data definition according to HCI-RS232 host-host protocols, passes through the ﹚'s of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 RX/TX sends data or order, and the ﹚ of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3 carry out being wirelessly transferred for data using the microstrip antenna carried;The number of reception According to being also to be transmitted by serial communication, save the data in non-Yi and lose in the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5 in case STC12C5A60S2 makees further Processing, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data.
Lock controller (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared transceiver device of shared bicycle sets fixed Position is constituted with the ﹚ of the infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚ and Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of relay infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11.
The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 pass through its SPI interface and nRF905 moulds in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ registration controller The ﹚ of Kuai ﹙ 2 communicate, and STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface communicates with the ﹚ CC2541 of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, in communication station microcontroller Under the ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Qi ﹙ 4 controls, the register information of communication station is realized by radio communication between communication station networks, and passes through NRF905 is sent to total station control processing.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked, shared bicycle use password unlocking, it is characterized in that, nothing Mobile phone A PP need to be installed;Password is generated by uniform rules automatically by master station and each shared bicycle, and create-rule externally maintains secrecy, password It is set using time limit, the 1 day phase and 2 day phase, 4 day phase and non-short-term 15 day phase and 30 day phase of password time limit point in short term, time limit There is a time limit to expire by latter short-term every in addition to 1 day phase 2 days, generate 4 day phase password, 15 day phase and 30 day phase are used for personal use Family, expires and generates 30 day time limit password, and the above-mentioned undue time limit subtracts 2 day or 15 days, 2 day phase, 4 can be remained when hiring a car Its phase and 15 day time limit and 30 day time limit, supplement is remake during password lazy weight;The short-term time limit is used for bicycle patrol party, collective and used Car, outdoor advertising propaganda team car and collective's travelling car, concentrate checkout, using password unlocking, just after user's registration lease It is near to collect shared bicycle, it is finished and is gone away after the registration of bicycle diamond car locking, can be also continuing with whenever and wherever possible until close Code, which expires, to cease to be in force automatically;Various time limit passwords are sold by master station, and each shared bicycle provides service, and personal user need to hand over fixed during sale Gold, service condition is recorded when password is used by the shared bicycle used, and service condition data are registered for by shared bicycle transmission Controller and communication station collect to total station control, and the password time limit, then password cancelled automatically;Password is by 6 decimal number structures Each decimal number then is converted into binary number into, time limit to make irregular ring shift left or move to right one, i.e., each followed Ring shift count, the 0-F of code character of ACS II after displacement correspond to a fixed decimal system random number, total stand control respectively Device and each lock controller with regard to password can be remained as, the password of user's input purchase can unlock without communication;
Networked when barrier is less between Liang Ge communication stations using radio communication with total station control, Liang Ge communication stations are set respectively Wireless communication frequency realizes registered letter between the station for putting the timing of nRF905 in radio communication nRF905 modules, nRF905 modules to set Breath transmission, is at this moment kept the reception state of radio communication by communication station in front of setting order, carries out unidirectional information transfer;Communication station Registration controller in single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 communicated by its SPI interface with nRF905, single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 Another SPI interface communicated with bluetooth module;
When nRF905 is detected with receives frequency identical carrier wave, a correct packet receives rear single-chip microcomputer and passed through SPI interface enters standby mode with effective reception data in certain Rate extraction packet, nRF905;Reception process master follows Ring is constantly in listening state, recursive call receiver function;If receiving packet, response bag is sent;When the communication of setting When number of standing is less, under communication station single-chip microcomputer STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station passes through between communication station wirelessly Networking is realized in communication, and is sent to total station control processing through nRF905;
Communication station is set in bicycle diamond or registration controller is installed or installed and is equipped with infrared calling mechanism, registration controller Bluetooth module;Lock controller is housed, lock controller is equipped with bluetooth module and keyboard, and infrared transceiver device connects in shared bicycle In the I/O mouths of single-chip microcomputer, the serial port of single-chip microcomputer is directly connected with bluetooth module;Included in infrared transceiver device by infrared emission The infrared receiving/transmission probe that pipe and infrared receiving tube and lens are constituted;
Communication station or registration controller are set in the bicycle diamond in the major trunk roads roadside of business district, the infrared receiving/transmission of bicycle is shared Device sets positioning to be popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission probe and relay with infrared receiving/transmission;Each registration controller infrared receiving/transmission alignment probe stops The positioning for putting a shared bicycle of position is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission, and the infrared receiving/transmission probe of shared bicycle is removed and registration controller It is outer to penetrating, at the top of the rearview mirror bracket also loaded on handlebar or another a relay being used at the top of the vertical rod that identifies or decorate is filled with infrared There is transmitting-receiving probe, relay infrared receiving/transmission probe unified setting height(from bottom) and position, to penetrating, accordingly to make left or right to bicycle or so Mark, its signal launched is not stopped by other bicycles;
In setting time after registration controller is started as far infrared transceiver of the main equipment on road daily, altogether Enjoy bicycle and sequentially enter diamond and sequentially park and make relay numbering registration, arbitrarily park, can not register to settle accounts;It is described to connect Power numbering registration refers to register by the corresponding shared bicycle of the infrared receiving/transmission probe on road, the shared bicycle after registration Relay is popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission when again successfully to register left or right is received, to the right or left unregistered shared bicycle is numbered Registration, and registration and number information are transmitted, to the last can not be to next registration and numbering or to setting time, last The shared bicycle successfully registered and numbered labeled as relay car from resting state be waken up access main equipment in bluetooth module control The piconet of system, and main equipment will be wirelessly transmitted to by all registered and numbering the shared bicycle information delivered in relays, Relay car bluetooth module enters park mode completion relay numbering registration, the shared list as first registration and numbering after transmission Car, hereafter carries out relay registration and numbering by registration controller to shared bicycle numbering;Relay is registered and numbering process:First to Unregistered shared bicycle is waken up access piconet after the Bluetooth signal area of coverage and car locking into registration controller, by registering Controller sequentially distributes " new numbering " to each shared bicycle in piconet, for infrared relay registration, after the new numbering of distribution Shared bicycle bluetooth module is to be placed in resting state, then, and registration controller is compiled to registered and numbering shared bicycle with it Number realize that registration controller and the register information of shared bicycle bluetooth module serial communication exchange for address, and registration controller All new numberings are sent to all registered and numbering shared bicycle, are then address pair according to new numbering since relay car The new shared bicycle of numbering sequentially makees infrared relay registration after scan transponding;The infrared relay registration refers to after infrared registration Shared bicycle again successfully to register when the left or right popped one's head in infrared receiving/transmission of relay receive, to the right or left unregistered shared bicycle Make scan transponding registration, and transmit registration and number information, last shared bicycle registered by relay connects labeled as new Power car takes over former relay car, and is waken up access piconet from resting state, then by this it is all newly register and number it is shared Bicycle information is wirelessly transmitted to relay car bluetooth module after registration controller, transmission and stepped on into the infrared relay of park mode completion Note;Hereafter second batch and the multiple above-mentioned relay of each batch weight later are registered and numbered, and so go round and begin again continuous renewal register information;It is right The new numbering that can not complete to register and number shares bicycle, and its new numbering makes marks and records its user letter as " sequence number to be stepped on " Breath;The registration and numbering refer to the license number and the one-to-one corresponding of numbering of shared bicycle;Its LED after each shared bicycle is successfully registered Lamp is glittering at regular intervals once green;
With the exception of this, the shared bicycle parked is after the personnel that are managed arrange shift position, it is necessary to believe registration controller bluetooth Unregistered shared bicycle is registered in number coverage, and registration controller is taken registers and number several batches of setting through relay Behind several intervals, the registration and numbering are expanded into sequence number to be stepped on;Extension registration and numbering:First in order of numbers is opened and stepped on The infrared transceiver device of one shared bicycle of numbering of note, is numbered and serial number to be stepped on to sharing bicycle in diamond according to new Location, sequentially makees infrared relay registration after scan transponding, after the completion of enter next registered numbering operation, stepped on until all The numbering of note operates completion;Finally by success in the infrared relay registration of each registered numbering in extension registration and numbering The shared bicycle of registration, cancels former relay car as new relay car and carries out relay registration and numbering;
When shared bicycle and registration controller enter row information exchange, the registration controller of communication station receives the registration of each shared bicycle The register information being each collected into is carried out information exchange by information, other registration controllers with each shared bicycle;Register information bag Containing the license number and its status of equipment of the shared bicycle that each registration controller for being collected into is registered in setting time section, using mould Formula, user type and telephone number, enrollment time and registration controller coding;Register information is sent to registration control by shared bicycle After device processed will the register information delete, each registration controller is deleted the register information repeated and simultaneously passed by shared bicycle after arrangement Pass, collect through communication station to total station control;
Infrared transceiver device installation place is arrived first before the shared bicycle in wide vacant lot is parked to be registered and numbered, depending on installing infrared receipts The position of transmitting apparatus and the maximum distance of diamond, car locking in the setting time between 30 seconds to 90 seconds is controlled in by lock controller Then register effective, infrared calling mechanism exchanges register information with shared bicycle during registration, infrared transceiver device is by single-chip microcomputer, non-easy Lose memory and infrared transceiver device is constituted;
Bicycle diamond in non-business district, daily first shared bicycle starts with being installed on the infrared calling mechanism in roadside Carry out first shared bicycle being registered after relay numbering registration, setting time and be arranged to main equipment, carry out as stated above Relay is registered and numbering and extension registration and numbering, and its numbering of different main equipments makees different marks, based on the setting The shared bicycle of equipment is unlocked when riding away, and registration and number information are sent to infrared calling mechanism and be re-set as from setting Standby, the shared bicycle that the next infrared transceiver device with being installed on roadside is registered and numbered receives infrared transceiver device After registration and number information, it is set to main equipment and continues relay registration and number;
In all front doors of school or residential area, the registration controller of identical numbering is set, it is automatic by its bluetooth module piconet To the shared bicycle registration that comes in and goes out, represented to come in and go out with the odevity of log-on count, it into even number is that odd number, which is, and fashionable shared bicycle will Register information sends registration controller to, and registration controller sends register information to shared bicycle when going out;Or take in resident The bicycle diamond of Intra-cell or other sheltered situations is installed by probe;
Shared bicycle user is divided into VIP user and casual user;VIP user is opened after administrative department's real name registration using keyboard Lock, is adapted to more extensive consumer group, and total station control collects VIP user and settled accounts with fare is accumulative, and SMS notification, VIP user can To log in the network port acquisition of master station's computer with fare details;Shared bicycle is ridden arrive at after will stop It is put into neighbouring bicycle diamond and carries out car locking registration clearing, clearing is refused without registration car locking;
Shared bicycle system takes user to pull together condominium method;Car plate below each shared bicycle vehicle seat indicates the car plate of the car Number and total station control telephone number, casual user is with the total station control telephone number end extra bus trade mark of mobile phone dialing, master station Controller receives license plate number and sends special unlocking cipher to mobile phone by short message, and casual user can input password, lock control Device processed is to unlock to unregistered car or disabled vehicle, and at this moment casual user can pull open lock manually and use, and lock controller starts Timing, lock is shut after arriving at registration manually, and at this moment car locking action is transferred to the normally open contact of car locking switch through spring Closure prompting car locking is allowed to, lock controller is by the use car information transmission of special unlocking cipher to communication station by the accumulative note of master station Record, total station control according to use state deduct reward Time Calculation expense, to casual user send clearing short message, its expense by Telephone charge is paid, unused reward bulk registration;Shared bicycle is equipped with what is be made up of the mercoid switch of several different installment states Mercoid switch group, if casual user is not to ride but portable arrival registration destination registration, lock controller is according to itself Equipment fault detection and mercoid switch group on off state changing rule judge whether shared bicycle damages or ride, and carry out to the electricity Talk about the reward of number casual user;Car changes fierce with non-registration mercoid switch group on off state is shut when removing car steathily, shares single Mercoid switch group on off state changing rule under the various forms of motion states of car is drawn by testing, in case of stolen the control of car lock Device pass the information on to total station control alarm puts on record, total station control or send cruiser to crime periphery it is several registration control Device sends inspection request, discovers and seizes case and dispatches a car movement locus, several periphery registration controller timesharing are dispatched a car with case to communicate, according to reception The bluetooth signal intensity positioning arrived, then by cruiser comprehensive assessment crime truck position, further dispatches a car according to case and movement locus and connects The case received is dispatched a car bluetooth signal intensity positioning, and most backward crime car sends unlatching alarm vocal command through Bluetooth signal, and case dispatches a car Alarm is sent, cruiser personnel find case according to alarm and dispatched a car.
2. a kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
Filled in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚, registration controller, the lock controller (B) of infrared calling mechanism and shared bicycle, Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ There are the ﹚ of nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ 2 and registration controller;Registration controller loses the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 5, infrared receipts comprising Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 ﹚, non-Yi Send out the ﹚ of 6 ﹚ and Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of Zhuan Zhi ﹙ 3;The data of reception are also to be transmitted by serial communication, save the data in non-volatile memory In case STC12C5A60S2 is for further processing in the ﹚ of Qi ﹙ 5, so as to complete the exchange of Bluetooth wireless data;
Lock controller (B) is by Dan Pian Ji ﹙ 8 ﹚, non-Yi lose the ﹚ of Cun Chu Qi ﹙ 9, the infrared transceiver device of shared bicycle sets positioning to use The ﹚ of infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 7 and relay are constituted with the ﹚ of 10 12 ﹚ and Jian Pan ﹙ of ﹚, Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ of infrared receiving/transmission Tan Tou ﹙ 11;
The ﹚ STC12C5A60S2 of Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 pass through its SPI interface and nRF905 Mo Kuai ﹙ in Tong Xin Zhan ﹙ A ﹚ registration controller 2 ﹚ communicate, and STC12C5A60S2 another SPI interface communicates with the ﹚ CC2541 of Lan tooth Mo Kuai ﹙ 3, in the ﹚ of communication station Wei Kong Qi ﹙ 4 Under STC12C5A60S2 controls, the register information of communication station is realized by radio communication between communication station networks, and is sent through nRF905 To the processing of total station control.
CN201710622369.XA 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of orderly registration of shared bicycle and the shared system parked Pending CN107318081A (en)

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Application publication date: 20171103