CN107314086A - The multifunctional engine and motor tricycle slipped after a kind of band is anti- - Google Patents

The multifunctional engine and motor tricycle slipped after a kind of band is anti- Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107314086A
CN107314086A CN201710742319.5A CN201710742319A CN107314086A CN 107314086 A CN107314086 A CN 107314086A CN 201710742319 A CN201710742319 A CN 201710742319A CN 107314086 A CN107314086 A CN 107314086A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
anti
output shaft
slipped
band
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710742319.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵钢
李平
张滨
刘礼辉
谢志良
Original Assignee
重庆万虎机电有限责任公司
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Application filed by 重庆万虎机电有限责任公司 filed Critical 重庆万虎机电有限责任公司
Priority to CN201710742319.5A priority Critical patent/CN107314086A/en
Publication of CN107314086A publication Critical patent/CN107314086A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/02Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/08Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts
    • F16H3/12Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts with means for synchronisation not incorporated in the clutches
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H61/00Control functions within control units of change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion ; Control of exclusively fluid gearing, friction gearing, gearings with endless flexible members or other particular types of gearing
    • F16H61/22Locking of the control input devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H63/00Control outputs from the control unit to change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion or to other devices than the final output mechanism
    • F16H63/02Final output mechanisms therefor; Actuating means for the final output mechanisms
    • F16H63/30Constructional features of the final output mechanisms
    • F16H63/32Gear shift yokes, e.g. shift forks

Abstract

The invention discloses the multifunctional engine that a kind of band is slipped after anti-, it is characterised in that:Including the heat engine being sequentially connected along longitudinal direction(16), built-in variable speed mechanism(17), built-in changement(18)And built-in secondary gear(19), in the built-in secondary gear(19)Output end be provided with it is anti-after slip device(20).Using the engine of the present invention, it is possible to increase structural strength.

Description

The multifunctional engine and motor tricycle slipped after a kind of band is anti-

Technical field:

The present invention relates to the engine that a kind of band is slipped after anti-, more particularly to available for the multifunctional engine on motor tricycle.

Background technology:

Engine on current motor tricycle, its main functional components include heat engine, gear and reverse gear mechanism.And portion Engine in centimorgan motorcycle, its reverse gear mechanism is external, will arrive gear mechanism and be hung on outside engine housing.Rub part Motorcycle engine by built in reverse gear mechanism with engine case body.

Existing motorcycle engine, its functional structure cross with it is single, and be limited to frame of motorcycle space limitation, nothing Method improves its feature.The function of increasing engine by plug-in mode easily influences the performance of engine, and fragile starts Box body, its anti-leakage of external hanging type is poor in addition, and greasy property is poor.

A kind of engine for motorcycle is disclosed in Chinese patent CN202023629U, it includes reverse gear embedded machine Structure, the output shaft axis of its reverse gear embedded mechanism is parallel with layshaft axis, and output driving gear is set with countershaft with reversing gear Gear, reverse gear is engaged with carrier gear, provided with the sliding sleeve that reverses gear between reverse gear and output driving gear, same on output shaft Axle is fixedly connected with output driven tooth and driven tooth of reversing gear, and the sliding sleeve that reverses gear is connected with the control of reversing gear for being exclusively used in reversing gear control and filled Put, the input of the control device that reverses gear stretches out engine body.

Engine for motorcycle in above-mentioned patent, its structure arrangement is unreasonable, loosely organized so that engine performance Reduce and cost increases, in addition, its feature of above-mentioned engine is few, travel speed narrow range is poor for applicability.And also there is intensity Low inferior position.

And existing motor tricycle, it is used for loading, its large carrying capacity, so in uphill starting or stopping in ramp When, slip phenomenon after inevitably occurring vehicle.So, easily cause danger, either to vehicle, goods, especially Easily people is damaged.

Disclosed in Chinese patent CN206361141U after one kind is prevented and slip combinatory transmission, and specifically disclose speed changer With input and output end, the back-stop mechanism for being used for hindering the rotating shaft reversion is provided with the rotating shaft of output end, it is described inverse Locking mechanism includes ratchet and the lock pin for pawl wheel described in locking, and the ratchet passes through freewheel clutch and the rotating shaft Coordinate, the inner ring transmission of the freewheel clutch is matched with rotating shaft, and outer ring transmission is matched with ratchet, and the ratchet is cylindrical to be had The locking of ratchet is realized in gear structure, lock pin insertion teeth groove.The lock pin is slided under the action of the spring allows bit architecture It is departed from ratchet, by back fork axle, enable to lock pin to overcome the elastic force of spring that lock pin is caught in into ratchet In teeth groove.Wherein, bit architecture is allowed to be flute profile, hole shape etc..

Component is slipped after preventing using the vehicle of above-mentioned patent, may be such that tricycle safety stop on abrupt slope, also may be such that three Wheel car is slipped after can preventing vehicle when abrupt slope is started to walk.

However, the lot of experiments by slipping component after anti-to above-mentioned patent, finds when normal vehicle operation, easily hair Raw lock pin and the stuck state of ratchet, so, may result in vehicle can not be moved backward, and need to be taken gearbox apart and be repaiied Reason, expends the time, causes to stop work.

In addition, in process of the test it has also been found that, it is installed concentricity and is difficult to ensure that so that freewheel clutch and lock pin it Between be caught in depart from when extremely have some setbacks, cause housing to wear and tear, the problems such as freewheel clutch comes off, scrapped.Further, slipped after this is anti- The bearing capacity of component is too low, when tricycle load is too high, can cause to slip component failures after this, can not play a role completely.

Also, pass through inventor's test of many times, slipping being averaged for component even if finding to occur without above mentioned problem, after this is anti-uses Life-span is only thousand kilometers of 1-2, when vehicle travels longer than 2,000 kilometers, and slipping component after this is anti-can scrap completely, it is impossible to use.

Finally, above-mentioned patent it is anti-after slip component, its accuracy of manufacture to parts requires high, concentricity is difficult to meet, Cause cost high.

The content of the invention:

It is an object of the invention to provide intensity is high and with the multifunctional engine slipped after anti-.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is realized in:The multifunctional engine slipped after a kind of band is anti-, its feature It is:Including along the longitudinal direction heat engine, built-in variable speed mechanism, built-in changement and the built-in secondary gear that are sequentially connected, The output end of the built-in secondary gear is provided with anti-rear slip device.

The multifunctional engine set using aforesaid way, it is possible to increase the slewing range of engine, and then it is suitable to improve it With performance, and the engine of aforesaid way, play that compact conformation feature is strong, intensity is high.In addition, multi-functional being started using above-mentioned Machine, additionally it is possible to make it have and slip function after preventing so that vehicle is existing all without being slipped after appearance in abrupt slope starting, or when resting in abrupt slope As.

Further to improve speed adjustable range, increase moment of torsion, the built-in secondary gear includes input shaft and output shaft, At least one pair of gear pair is provided between the input shaft and output shaft, the anti-rear slip device is arranged on the defeated of the output shaft Go out end.

Further to improve assembling speed, the input of the input shaft is provided with input bevel gear, the input cone The output bevel gear wheel engaged transmission of gear and the built-in changement.Using above-mentioned set-up mode, compact conformation is also may be such that, Occupy little space.

Preferably, the gear pair between the input shaft and output shaft is two pairs, respectively high-speed gear pair and low speed tooth Synchronizer is provided with wheel set, the input shaft or output shaft between the high-speed gear pair and low-speed gear pair, described defeated Enter and reverse gear mechanism is additionally provided between axle and output shaft.

Further to reduce cost, the reverse gear mechanism includes circumferentially fixed and is slidably installed in the master of reversing gear on the input shaft Moving gear Z5, is fixed on the driven gear Z7 that reverses gear on the synchronizer outer wall, and can with it is described reverse gear driving gear Z5 and The carrier gear Z6 that the driven gear Z7 that reverses gear is meshed, the driving gear Z5 that reverses gear are existed by back fork and back fork axle Slided on the input shaft.

Further to improve the instrumentality of engine, the built-in secondary gear(Also include being fixed on shell by bearing On multifunctional axial, it is circumferentially fixed on the multifunctional axial and be slidably equipped with Multifunction cutting parallel operation.In the multi-functional output shaft Tail end be provided with multi-functional output interface.

For the further use smoothness and service life for improving anti-rear slip device, the anti-rear slip device includes being placed in One-way rotation mechanism on the output shaft, the one-way rotation mechanism includes inner ring and outer ring, and the inner ring is relative to described Outer ring is only capable of rotating in one direction, wherein, the inner ring by lazy-tongs realize and the output shaft combination with separating, The outer ring is fixedly connected with the casing.

Using above-mentioned anti-rear slip device so that one-way rotation mechanism is arranged concentrically with height of output shaft, realizes unidirectional rotation The smooth switching that rotation mechanism is combined with output shaft, it is to avoid the problem of can not be moved backward caused by stuck.Also, use above-mentioned setting Mode it is anti-after slip system, housing will not be worn, one-way rotation mechanism without departing from, failure, improve this it is anti-after slip system Service life.In addition, above-mentioned set-up mode, improves the Dynamic And Static Loads intensity of one-way rotation mechanism, even if motor tricycle During in heavy duty, it will not also to slip thrashing after preventing, still ensure that normal work.

In order to further improve Dynamic And Static Loads intensity, the outer ring of the one-way rotation mechanism is by bolt lock in the housing Endoporus on.Thus, moreover it is possible to further improve lifetime of system.

For the compactedness for further optimizing structure, improving structure, synchronous gear is provided with the output shaft, described Conjunction gear is set on one-way rotation mechanism inner ring, and the synchronous gear realizes that power is passed with the conjunction gear by the lazy-tongs Move with separating.Using such arrangement, in addition to make it that structure is compacter, additionally it is possible to increase structural strength.

Preferably, the synchronous gear is external tooth, and is wholely set or is connected with the output axle key with the output shaft.

Preferably, the conjunction gear is wholely set with the inner ring.

In order to further be easy to maintenance, the inner ring includes single direction rotation connector and combined cover, the combined cover empty set In outside the output shaft, the single direction rotation connector is located at outside the combined cover and can be with the combined cover synchronous axial system.And And, using such set-up mode, enable to more fit between structure, improve the rigidity of structure, reduce manufacture difficulty, enter one Step improves the life-span.

Wherein, the single direction rotation connector is cam wedge mechanism.

In order to further such that work is more smooth, the conjunction gear for it is consistent with the gear parameter of the synchronous gear outside Tooth, the lazy-tongs include synchronous ring, are arranged with shift fork outside the synchronous ring, the synchronous ring can with the synchronous gear and Conjunction gear engaged transmission.

Simplify structure in order to further, the shift fork is combined with back fork axle.

A kind of motor tricycle, including above-mentioned band it is anti-after the multifunctional engine that slips.

Beneficial effect:

The multifunctional engine slipped using the band of the motor tricycle of the present invention after anti-:

1st, multifunctional engine of the invention can match a variety of travel speeds, improve the applicable performance of engine, Er Qiefa Motivation structure setting rationally, occupies little space so that casing area is small, reduces the cost of engine.So that the system of engine Make, process and be more prone to, improve economic performance.

2nd, anti-rear slip device and engine are combined so that engine improves it and used with the function of being slipped after preventing Security performance, in addition, the engine also has good performance, transmission efficiency, greasy property is good, anti-leakage is good, intensity is high Etc. advantage;

3rd, wherein, it is described it is anti-after slip device its installation accuracy it is high, concentricity is high, prevented existing tricycle it is anti-after slip system and exist The stuck problem occurred in the course of work;

4th, the work switching of slip device is smooth after preventing, does not interfere with vehicle and normally advances and fall back, is also not in clamping stagnation Situation;

5th, the anti-rear slip device in the present invention will not cause abrasion to housing, and installation reliability is high, and one-way rotation mechanism will not be sent out Life comes off, mobile situation so that one-way rotation mechanism service life is long;

6th, anti-rear slip device its Dynamic And Static Loads intensity height of the invention, even if vehicle is in heavy condition, can also keep normal Working condition, will not fail;

7th, whole service life is long, and more than ten thousand kilometers of 2-3 of traveling does not cause problems.

Brief description of the drawings:

Fig. 1 is the multifunctional engine drive mechanism figure in the present invention(Without multifunctional axial);

Fig. 2 is the multifunctional engine drive mechanism figure in the present invention(Band multifunctional axial);

Fig. 3 is the built-in secondary gear structure chart in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the built-in secondary gear structure chart in the present invention(Band multifunctional axial);

Fig. 5 is the built-in secondary gear structure chart in the present invention(Without multifunctional axial);

Fig. 6 for the present invention in anti-rear slip device structure chart;

Fig. 7 is Fig. 6 explosive view.

Label declaration:1 output shaft;2 one-way rotation mechanisms;201 inner rings;202 outer rings;201a single direction rotation connectors; 201b combined covers;3 housings;4 bolts;5 synchronous gears;6 conjunction gears;8 oiliness bearings;9 synchronous rings;10 shift forks;11 back fork axles; 12 input shafts;13 multifunctional axials;14 Multifunction cutting parallel operations;15 synchronizers;16 heat engines;161 bent axles;17 built-in variable speed mechanisms;171 Main shaft;172 countershafts;Changement built in 18;181 commutation driving shafts;Secondary gear built in 19;20 anti-rear slip devices;Z1 is high Fast driving gear;Z2 high speed driven gears;Z3 low-speed active gears;Z4 low speed driven gears;Z5 reverses gear driving gear;Z6 passes a bridge Gear;Z7 reverses gear driven gear;Z9 output bevel gear wheels;Z10 inputs bevel gear.

Embodiment:

The embodiment to the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but the invention is not limited in this A little embodiments, any improvement or replacement on the present embodiment essence spirit still falls within the required guarantor of the claims in the present invention The scope of shield.

Embodiment 1:As shown in figure 1, the multifunctional engine slipped after a kind of band is anti-, including the heat engine being sequentially connected along longitudinal direction 16th, built-in variable speed mechanism 17, built-in changement 18 and built-in secondary gear 19, in the built-in secondary gear 19 Output end is provided with anti-rear slip device 20.

Wherein, the heat engine 16 is used to provide power for engine, and the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 is used to change engine Output speed, the built-in changement 18 is used for the commutation for realizing engine power transmission direction, from being laterally changed into longitudinal direction, The built-in secondary gear 19 is equally to be used to realize regulation engine speed, and the built-in secondary gear 19 can also The rotating of engine is realized, and then allows the vehicle to backward.

And the output end of the heat engine 16 is connected with the input of the built-in variable speed mechanism 17, the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 output end is connected with the input of the built-in changement 18, the output end of the built-in changement 18 with it is described interior The input connection of secondary gear 19 is put, the anti-rear slip device is set in the output end of the built-in secondary gear 19 20。

Using the multifunctional engine of the present embodiment, a variety of travel speeds can be matched, the applicability of engine is improved Can, and engine structure sets reasonable, occupies little space so that casing area is small, reduces the cost of engine.So that hair Manufacture, the processing of motivation are more prone to, and improve economic performance.And feature is strong, intensity is high.

And the multifunctional engine in the present embodiment makes no matter it starts to walk or row on abrupt slope also with performance is slipped after preventing Sail, and during the stop of abrupt slope, the danger slipped after vehicle can be avoided.

A kind of motor tricycle, including the present embodiment band it is anti-after the multifunctional engine that slips.

Embodiment 2:As shown in figs. 1-7, the multifunctional engine slipped after a kind of band is anti-, including the heat being sequentially connected along longitudinal direction Machine 16, built-in variable speed mechanism 17, built-in changement 18 and built-in secondary gear 19, in the built-in secondary gear 19 Output end be provided with it is anti-after slip device 20.

Wherein, the heat engine 16 is used to provide power for engine, and the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 is used to change engine Output speed, the built-in changement 18 is used for the commutation for realizing engine power transmission direction, from being laterally changed into longitudinal direction, The built-in secondary gear 19 is equally to be used to realize regulation engine speed, and the built-in secondary gear 19 can also The rotating of engine is realized, and then allows the vehicle to backward, is also set up in the output end of the built-in secondary gear 19 There is the anti-rear slip device 20.

In the present embodiment, the bent axle 161 of the heat engine 16 and the main shaft 171 of the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 pass through straight-tooth Wheel set is connected, and the commutation driving shaft 181 of the countershaft 172 of the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 and the built-in changement 18 leads to Spur gear pair drive connection is crossed, output bevel gear wheel Z9 is installed with the commutation driving shaft 181.The built-in secondary gear 19 include input shaft 12 and output shaft 1, and the input of the input shaft 12 is provided with input bevel gear Z10, the input bevel gear Z10 and the output bevel gear wheel Z9 engaged transmissions.

Wherein, the input bevel gear Z10 can split setting with the input shaft 12.But in the present embodiment, it is described The input shaft 12 and input bevel gear Z10 is integrated setting.

In addition, can be set between the input shaft 12 and output shaft 1 of the built-in secondary gear has many set gearratios different Gear pair, make its can realize slow down increase turn round or speedup function.Such as two sleeve gears are secondary, three sleeve gears are secondary, four sleeve gears Secondary, five sleeve gears are secondary, six sleeve gears are secondary or more.

In the present embodiment, the gear pair being arranged between the input shaft 12 and output shaft 1 is two sets, is respectively at a high speed Gear pair and low-speed gear pair, but the two sleeve gears pair is for realizing the function for increasing torsion of slowing down.

Wherein, the high-speed gear pair includes the high speed driving gear Z1 being installed on the input shaft 12 and engaged High speed driven gear Z2 that is being driven and being placed on the output shaft 1;The low-speed gear pair includes being installed in the input Low-speed active gear Z3 on axle 12 and engage transmission and empty set and the low speed driven gear Z4 on the output shaft 1; Synchronizer 15 is provided with output shaft 1 between the high speed driven gear Z2 and the low speed driven gear Z4, by described The combination of synchronizer 15 and the high speed driven gear Z2 or described low speed driven gears Z4, realizes that speedy carding process or low speed are defeated Go out.

In addition, for the anti-rear slip device 20 in this implementation, it includes the unidirectional rotation being placed on the output shaft 1 Rotation mechanism 2, the inner ring 201 of the one-way rotation mechanism 2 realized by lazy-tongs and the output shaft 1 combination with separating, The outer ring 202 of the one-way rotation mechanism 2 is fixedly connected with housing 3.

The one-way rotation mechanism 2 can for can purchase on existing market it is unidirectional with reference to bearing, one-way clutch, surmount from Clutch etc. realizes the mechanism of single direction rotation.

Wherein, the inner ring 201 is placed on the output shaft 1, that is to say, that between the inner ring 201 and output shaft 1 With gap, the output shaft 1 can not directly act on the inner ring 201 of one-way rotation mechanism 2, need to can by lazy-tongs Realize the power transmission of output shaft 1 and one-way rotation mechanism 2.

In the present embodiment, the outer ring 202 of the one-way rotation mechanism 2 is in stationary state, and inner ring 201 passes through synchronous machine Structure realizes the power transmission with output shaft 1 with separating, wherein, the lazy-tongs can be synchronous ring, synchromesh gear or synchronizer Etc. existing mechanism.

In the present embodiment, the rotatable direction of the inner ring 201 is arranged to the forward direction with the output shaft 1(Vehicle Rotation direction when moving ahead)Unanimously.When vehicle forward, by lazy-tongs so that output shaft 1 is combined with the inner ring 201, Now the output shaft 1 drives the inner ring to rotate, so because the inner ring 201 of one-way rotation mechanism is relative to outer ring 202 There is a direction of rotation and rotated with output shaft synchronous, so, when output shaft is inverted, it can drive inner ring 201 1 Reversion is played, and the outer ring 202 can limit the reversion action of inner ring 201, it can not be realized reversion, therefore, output shaft 1 is same Also reversion can not be realized.

So, when vehicle parking is on abrupt slope or when being started to walk on abrupt slope, output shaft 1 can be avoided to invert, it is to avoid Vehicle is slipped after producing.

When vehicle needs to fall back, by lazy-tongs so that output shaft 1 and inner ring 201 in from state, it is described Inner ring 201 is only empty set on the output shaft 1.Now, output shaft 1 can not drive one-way rotation mechanism 2 to rotate, so defeated Reversing is realized in the reversion of shaft 1.

The outer ring 202 of the one-way rotation mechanism 2 of the present embodiment is installed by the way that the realization of housing 3 and output shaft 1 are concentric, described interior Circle 201 is located in outer ring 202 and outside empty set and output shaft 1, while by lazy-tongs realization and the concentric installation of output shaft 1, Carry out spacing.Ensure one-way rotation mechanism 2 in the course of the work be in securing position, realize one-way rotation mechanism 2 with it is defeated Smooth switching between shaft 1, it is to avoid the problem of can not be moved backward caused by stuck.

It is locked on housing by outer ring, the Dynamic And Static Loads intensity of one-way rotation mechanism 2 is improved, even if motor tricycle During in heavy duty, it will not also to slip thrashing after preventing, still ensure that normal work.

Also, the multifunctional engine slipped using the band of the present embodiment after anti-, housing 3 will not be worn, single direction rotation machine Structure is without departing from, failure, and bindiny mechanism intensity is high, Dynamic And Static Loads intensity is high, installs reliable, and then to slip after this is anti-and be The service life of system is long, can travel 20,000 kilometers without damage.

To sum up, using the engine of the present embodiment, power passes up to built-in secondary gear 19 by heat engine 16, and Exported by the output shaft 1 of built-in secondary gear 19, in this process, a variety of travel speeds can be matched, improve hair The applicable performance of motivation, and engine structure sets reasonable, occupies little space so that casing area is small, reduces engine Cost.So that the manufacture of engine, processing are more prone to, economic performance is improved.

In addition, the engine of the present embodiment makes its security performance high also with performance is slipped after preventing.And performance is good, pass The advantage such as efficiency of movement is high, greasy property is good, anti-leakage is good, intensity is high.

As another embodiment in the present embodiment, the high-speed gear pair is included on empty set and the input shaft 12 The high speed driving gear Z1 and high speed driven gear Z2 being installed on the output shaft 1, the low-speed gear pair includes being placed in Low-speed active gear Z3 and the low speed driven gear Z4 being installed on the output shaft 1, the synchronization on the input shaft 12 Device 15 is arranged on the input shaft between the high speed driving gear Z1 and low-speed active gear Z3.

As another embodiment in the present embodiment, the speed changer also includes multifunctional axial 13, the multifunctional axial 13 are fixed on the housing 3 by bearing, circumferentially fixed on the multifunctional axial 13 and be slidably equipped with Multifunction cutting parallel operation 14, The Multifunction cutting parallel operation 14 is stirred by shift fork or other toggle mechanisms to slide on multifunctional axial 13, can make itself and input shaft High speed driving gear Z1 or low-speed active gear Z2 engagements on 12, realize multi-functional output, in the tail of the multifunctional axial 13 End is provided with multi-functional output interface, is easy to connect other mechanisms.

A kind of motor tricycle, including band in the present embodiment it is anti-after the multifunctional engine that slips.

Embodiment 3:As shown in figs. 1-7, the multifunctional engine slipped after a kind of band is anti-, including the heat being sequentially connected along longitudinal direction Machine 16, built-in variable speed mechanism 17, built-in changement 18 and built-in secondary gear 19, in the built-in secondary gear 19 Output end be provided with it is anti-after slip device 20.

Wherein, the heat engine 16 is used to provide power for engine, and the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 is used to change engine Output speed, the built-in changement 18 is used for the commutation for realizing engine power transmission direction, from being laterally changed into longitudinal direction, The built-in secondary gear 19 is equally to be used to realize regulation engine speed, and the built-in secondary gear 19 can also The rotating of engine is realized, and then allows the vehicle to backward, is also set up in the output end of the built-in secondary gear 19 There is the anti-rear slip device 20.

In the present embodiment, the bent axle 161 of the heat engine 16 and the main shaft 171 of the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 pass through straight-tooth Wheel set is connected, and the commutation driving shaft 181 of the countershaft 172 of the built-in variable speed mechanism 17 and the built-in changement 18 leads to Spur gear pair drive connection is crossed, output bevel gear wheel Z9 is installed with the commutation driving shaft 181.The built-in secondary gear 19 include input shaft 12 and output shaft 1, and the input 1 of the input shaft 12 is provided with input bevel gear Z10, the input bevel gear Z10 and the output bevel gear wheel Z9 engaged transmissions.

Wherein, the input bevel gear Z10 can split setting with the input shaft 12.But in the present embodiment, it is described The input shaft 12 and input bevel gear Z10 is integrated setting.

In addition, can be set between the input shaft 12 and output shaft 1 of the built-in secondary gear 19 has many set gearratios not Same gear pair, makes it to realize the function of slow down increasing torsion or speedup.Such as two sleeve gears are secondary, three sleeve gears are secondary, four sets of teeth Wheel set, five sleeve gears are secondary, six sleeve gears are secondary or more.

In the present embodiment, the gear pair being arranged between the input shaft 12 and output shaft 1 is two sets, is respectively at a high speed Gear pair and low-speed gear pair, but the two sleeve gears pair is for realizing the function for increasing torsion of slowing down.

Wherein, the high-speed gear pair includes the high speed driving gear Z1 being installed on the input shaft 12 and engaged High speed driven gear Z2 that is being driven and being placed on the output shaft 1;The low-speed gear pair includes being installed in the input Low-speed active gear Z3 on axle 12 and engage transmission and empty set and the low speed driven gear Z4 on the output shaft 1; Synchronizer 15 is provided with output shaft between the high speed driven gear Z2 and the low speed driven gear Z4, by described same Device 15 and the combination of the high speed driven gear Z2 or described low speed driven gears Z4 are walked, speedy carding process or low speed output is realized.

In addition, also there is the built-in secondary gear Z19 reverse gear mechanism to realize its positive and negative rotating function, the machine that reverses gear Structure includes the driving gear Z5 that reverses gear being arranged on the input shaft 12, the driven gear that reverses gear being arranged on the output shaft 1 Z7, and can be with the driving gear Z5 and driven gear Z7 that reverses gear that reverses gear while the carrier gear Z6 engaged.

In the present embodiment, the driving gear Z5 that reverses gear is circumferentially fixed and is slidably installed on the input shaft 12, by falling Gear shift fork and back fork axle 11 realize its slip on input shaft 12, and the driven gear Z7 that reverses gear is installed in the synchronization On the outer wall of device 15, when the synchronizer 15 is located at middle part(Neither combined with high speed driven gear Z2, also not with low speed driven tooth Z4 is taken turns to combine)And when being engaged with the carrier gear Z6, the driving gear Z5 that reverses gear is driven by back fork axle 11, makes it Also engaged with the carrier gear Z6, now, just realize and reverse gear.

In addition, as the anti-rear slip device in this implementation, it is arranged on the tail end of the power output of the output shaft 1, leaned on At nearly case of transmission, the outer ring 202 of the one-way rotation mechanism 2 is by bolt 4 by its axial lock in housing 3(The shell Body can be the housing of built-in secondary gear, can be with the overall housing of engine, or be individually for what anti-rear slip device was set Housing)Endoporus on, it is settable to have multiple latched positions, and be distributed on the periphery of outer ring 202, outer ring and shell are ensured with this The bonding strength of body 3.

By the hole position for being used to install output shaft 1 set on housing 3, by the center of outer ring 202 and the center pair of hole position Standard, is then locked it on the endoporus of housing 3 using bolt 4, and the same of outer ring 202 and output shaft 1 has been ensured by housing 3 Heart degree, it is low to the processing request of outer ring 202, and concentricity is improved.

Wherein, the inner ring 201 is placed on the output shaft 1, that is to say, that between the inner ring 201 and output shaft 1 With gap, the output shaft 1 can not directly act on the inner ring of one-way rotation mechanism 2, need to can be real by lazy-tongs The power transmission of existing output shaft 1 and one-way rotation mechanism 2, concrete structure has following several ways:

Mode one:Synchronous gear 5 is provided with the output shaft 1, the synchronous gear 5 is external tooth, is integrally set with the output shaft 1 Put or be connected with the key of output shaft 1.In the present embodiment, the synchronous gear 5 is connected with the output shaft 1 by spline. Conjunction gear 6 is provided with the inner ring 201, the conjunction gear 6 is also external tooth, and the conjunction gear 6 is and the tooth of synchronous gear 5 Take turns the consistent external tooth of parameter.And the lazy-tongs include synchronous ring 9, the synchronous ring 9, which has, to be engaged with the synchronous gear 5 The internal gear of transmission, is provided with annular groove on the synchronous outer wall of ring 9, shift fork 10 is provided with the annular groove.Pass through shift fork 10, which can stir the synchronous ring 9, makes it while being engaged with the synchronous gear 5 and conjunction gear 6, and now, the output shaft 1 is by same Step tooth 5 is combined with the inner ring 201, and the inner ring 201 is realized and the synchronous axial system of output shaft 1;It can also be dialled by shift fork 10 Moving the synchronous ring 9 makes it only be engaged with the synchronous gear 5, and now, the inner ring 201 is only placed on the output shaft 1, Output shaft 1 can not drive the inner ring 201 to rotate.

Mode two:The inner ring 201 includes single direction rotation connector 201a and combined cover 201b, the combined cover 201b is empty It is placed on outside the output shaft 1, the single direction rotation connector 201a is located at outside the combined cover 201b and can be with the combined cover 201b synchronous axial systems, form a fixed connection;And the single direction rotation connector 201a can only realize list relative to the outer ring 202 It is to rotation, i.e., consistent with the forward direction of the output shaft 1.

And the conjunction gear 6 is arranged on the combined cover 201b, conjunction gear 6 on the combined cover 201b is can be with institute The internal gear of the engaged transmission of synchronous gear 5 is stated, annular groove is provided with the outer wall of the conjunction gear 6, is provided with the annular groove Shift fork 10.Can stir the combined cover 201b by shift fork 10 makes conjunction gear 6 thereon engage or separate with the synchronous gear 5, When the conjunction gear 6 is engaged with the synchronous gear 5, the output shaft 1 drives the combined cover 201b and single direction rotation to engage Device 201a is rotated, that is, drives the inner ring 201 to rotate;When the shelves conjunction gear 6 is separated with the synchronous gear 5, the output shaft 1 Power is in from state with the combined cover 201b, and the output shaft 1 can not drive the inner ring 201 to rotate.

Mode three:In the manner, the conjunction gear 6 is also provided on the combined cover 201b, simply the conjunction gear 6 For the external tooth consistent with the gear parameter of synchronous gear 5, there is synchronous ring 9 in the external toothing of synchronous gear 5, the synchronous ring 9 leads to Crossing stirring for shift fork 10 can realize while engaged with the synchronous gear 5 and conjunction gear 6, can also realize only with the synchronous gear 5 Engagement.When synchronous ring 9 is engaged with synchronous gear 5 and conjunction gear 6 simultaneously, output shaft 1 drives the inner ring 201 to rotate, and works as synchronization When ring 9 is only engaged with synchronous gear 5, output shaft 1 can not drive inner ring 201 to rotate.

When vehicle is in forward traveling or dead ship condition, the inner ring 201 and the output shaft 1 are made by synchronizer In bonding state.Now, because the inner ring 201 can only realize single direction rotation, i.e., rotated forward with output shaft 1(Preceding line direction)One The rotation of cause, so situation about being slipped after vehicle occurs in climbing, abrupt slope starting, abrupt slope parking can be prevented effectively from.

When vehicle needs backward, by synchronizer so that the inner ring 201 is in released state with the output shaft 1 (I.e. output shaft 1 can not drive the inner ring 201 to rotate), now, output shaft 1 can realize reversion, realize vehicle backing.

Wherein, the single direction rotation connector 201a mentioned in the present embodiment can only after can coordinating for existing and outer ring 202 Realize cam wedge mechanism, cam+roller mechanism, cam+ball bearing mechanism, cam+ball spring mechanism of single direction rotation etc.. In this implementation, the single direction rotation connector 201a uses cam wedge mechanism.

As another embodiment in the present embodiment, also set up between the combined cover 201b and the output shaft 1 There is oiliness bearing 8 so that the relative motion between combined cover 201b and output shaft 1 is more smooth.

As another embodiment in the present embodiment, the shift fork 10 is connected with back fork axle 11, normally travel Or during neutral, synchronous ring 9 is engaged with the synchronous gear 5 and conjunction gear 6 simultaneously.When needing reversing, extension drives while reversing gear The back fork axle 11, which is slided, drives the shift fork 10 on synchronous ring 10 to slide so that synchronous ring 9 is only combined with synchronous gear 5, this When, backward can be achieved.

Outer ring 202 in the present embodiment realize and output shaft is concentric installs that the inner ring 201 is positioned at outer ring by housing 3 It is socketed in 202 and with output shaft 1, is felt at ease while being realized by lazy-tongs with the same of combined cover 201b by combined cover 201b Dress, has been carried out spacing.Ensure one-way rotation mechanism 2 in the course of the work be in securing position, realize one-way rotation mechanism 2 with Smooth switching between output shaft 1, it is to avoid the problem of can not be moved backward caused by stuck.

It is locked on housing 3 by outer ring 202, the Dynamic And Static Loads intensity of one-way rotation mechanism 2 is improved, even if three-wheel rubs When motorcycle is in heavy duty, it will not also to slip thrashing after preventing, still ensure that normal work.

Also, use above-mentioned lazy-tongs, it is to avoid with the dynamic friction between housing 3 so that housing 3 will not be worn, Also, outer ring is fixed, inner ring be located between combined cover and outer ring so that one-way rotation mechanism without departing from, failure, improving it makes Use the life-span.

In summary, built-in secondary gear is passed up to by heat engine 16 using the engine power of the present embodiment 19, and exported by the output shaft 1 of built-in secondary gear 19, in this process, a variety of travel speeds can be matched, The applicable performance of engine is improved, and engine structure sets reasonable, occupies little space so that casing area is small, reduces The cost of engine.So that the manufacture of engine, processing are more prone to, economic performance is improved.

In addition, the engine of the present embodiment makes its security performance high also with performance is slipped after preventing.And performance is good, pass The advantage such as efficiency of movement is high, greasy property is good, anti-leakage is good, intensity is high.

Pass through arrangement above, it is ensured that the reliability of the anti-rear slip device work in the present embodiment, the reliability of connection is changed The reliability of gear, the reliability installed, improve intensity, installation accuracy and the rigidity of structure, and then cause the anti-rear slip device Service life it is long, can travel 30,000 kilometers without damage.

As another embodiment in the present embodiment, the speed changer also includes multifunctional axial 13, the multifunctional axial 13 are fixed on the housing 3 by bearing, circumferentially fixed on the multifunctional axial 13 and be slidably equipped with Multifunction cutting parallel operation 14, The Multifunction cutting parallel operation 14 is stirred by shift fork or other toggle mechanisms to slide on multifunctional axial 13, can make itself and input shaft High speed driving gear Z1 or low-speed active gear Z2 engagements on 12, realize multi-functional output, in the tail of the multifunctional axial 13 End is provided with multi-functional output interface, is easy to connect other mechanisms.

A kind of motor tricycle, including band in the present embodiment it is anti-after the multifunctional engine that slips.

Embodiment 4:The present embodiment is the further improvement in the embodiment 3 of embodiment 2, and the housing 3 can be to be individually for The casing that slip device 20 is set after anti-, can also be wholely set with the casing of built-in secondary gear 19, and the housing 3 also leads to Cross suspension holdfast and form entirety with vehicle frame.

Claims (16)

  1. The multifunctional engine slipped after 1. a kind of band is anti-, it is characterised in that:Including the heat engine being sequentially connected along longitudinal direction(16), it is built-in Gear(17), built-in changement(18)And built-in secondary gear(19), in the built-in secondary gear(19) Output end be provided with it is anti-after slip device(20).
  2. The multifunctional engine slipped after 2. band as claimed in claim 1 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The built-in secondary gear (19)Including input shaft(12)With output shaft(1), in the input shaft(12)With output shaft(1)Between be provided with least one pair of tooth Wheel set, the anti-rear slip device(20)It is arranged on the output shaft(1)Output end.
  3. The multifunctional engine slipped after 3. band as claimed in claim 2 is anti-, it is characterised in that:In the input shaft(12)It is defeated Enter end and be provided with input bevel gear(Z10), the input bevel gear(Z10)With the output bevel gear wheel of the built-in changement (Z9)Engaged transmission.
  4. The multifunctional engine slipped after 4. band is anti-as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterised in that:The input shaft(12)With Output shaft(1)Between gear pair be two pairs, respectively high-speed gear pair and low-speed gear pair, the high-speed gear pair with it is low Input shaft between fast gear pair(12)Or output shaft(1)On be provided with synchronizer(15), in the input shaft(12)With output Axle(1)Between be additionally provided with reverse gear mechanism.
  5. The multifunctional engine slipped after 5. band as claimed in claim 3 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The synchronizer(15)It is arranged on The output shaft(1)On, the reverse gear mechanism includes circumferentially fixed and is slidably installed in the input shaft(12)On the driving tooth that reverses gear Wheel(Z5), it is fixed on the synchronizer(15)The driven gear that reverses gear on outer wall(Z7), and can be with the driving gear that reverses gear (Z5)With the driven gear that reverses gear(Z7)The carrier gear being meshed(6), the driving gear that reverses gear(Z5)By back fork and Back fork axle(11)In the input shaft(12)It is upper to slide.
  6. 6. the speed changer that the band as described in claim 2,3 or 4 is slipped after preventing, it is characterised in that:The built-in secondary gear (19)Also include being fixed on housing by bearing(3)On multifunctional axial(13), in the multifunctional axial(13)It is upper circumferentially fixed And it is slidably equipped with Multifunction cutting parallel operation(14).
  7. 7. the multifunctional engine that the band as described in claim 2,3,4 or 5 is slipped after preventing, it is characterised in that:It is described it is anti-after slip dress Put including being placed in the output shaft(1)On one-way rotation mechanism(2), the one-way rotation mechanism(2)Including inner ring(201) And outer ring(202), the inner ring(201)Relative to the outer ring(202)It is only capable of rotating in one direction, wherein, the inner ring (201)Realized and the output shaft by lazy-tongs(1)Combination with separating, the outer ring(202)With housing(3)It is fixed to connect Connect.
  8. The multifunctional engine slipped after 8. band as claimed in claim 6 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The one-way rotation mechanism(2) Outer ring(202)Pass through bolt(4)It is fixed on housing(3)Endoporus on.
  9. The multifunctional engine slipped after 9. band as claimed in claim 7 is anti-, it is characterised in that:In the output shaft(1)On set It is equipped with synchronous gear(5), in the inner ring(201)Upper setting conjunction gear(6), the synchronous gear(5)With the conjunction gear(6)Pass through The lazy-tongs, which are realized, to be combined with separating.
  10. The multifunctional engine slipped after 10. band as claimed in claim 8 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The synchronous gear(5)To be outer Tooth, and with the output shaft(1)Be wholely set or with the output shaft(1)Key is connected.
  11. The multifunctional engine slipped after 11. band is anti-as claimed in claim 8 or 9, it is characterised in that:The inner ring(201)Bag Include single direction rotation connector(201a)And combined cover(201b), the combined cover(201b)It is placed in the output shaft(1)Outside, institute State single direction rotation connector(201a)Located at the combined cover(201b)It is outer and can be with the combined cover(201b)Synchronous axial system;Institute State conjunction gear(5)It is arranged on combined cover(201b)On.
  12. The multifunctional engine slipped after 12. band as claimed in claim 11 is anti-, it is characterised in that:The single direction rotation connector (201b)For cam wedge mechanism.
  13. That is slipped after 13. band as claimed in claim 11 is anti-is multi-functional, it is characterised in that:In the combined cover(7)With it is described defeated Shaft(1)Between be additionally provided with oiliness bearing(8).
  14. It is multi-functional that 14. the band as described in claim 12 or 13 is slipped after preventing, it is characterised in that:The conjunction gear(6)For with institute State synchronous gear(5)The consistent external tooth of gear parameter, the lazy-tongs include synchronous ring(9), in the synchronous ring(9)Wild card Provided with shift fork(10), the synchronous ring(9)Can be with the synchronous gear(5)And conjunction gear(6)Engaged transmission.
  15. That is slipped after 15. band as claimed in claim 14 is anti-is multi-functional, it is characterised in that:The shift fork(10)With back fork axle (11)Connection.
  16. 16. a kind of motor tricycle, including band described in any of the above-described claim it is anti-after the multifunctional engine that slips.
CN201710742319.5A 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 The multifunctional engine and motor tricycle slipped after a kind of band is anti- CN107314086A (en)

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CN201710742319.5A CN107314086A (en) 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 The multifunctional engine and motor tricycle slipped after a kind of band is anti-
PCT/CN2018/097439 WO2019037571A1 (en) 2017-08-25 2018-07-27 Anti-backslipping multifunctional engine and motor tricycle

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