CN107302764A - Wireless communications method and Wireless Telecom Equipment - Google Patents

Wireless communications method and Wireless Telecom Equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107302764A
CN107302764A CN201610236770.5A CN201610236770A CN107302764A CN 107302764 A CN107302764 A CN 107302764A CN 201610236770 A CN201610236770 A CN 201610236770A CN 107302764 A CN107302764 A CN 107302764A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
equipment
disturbed
communication equipment
communication
spectrum management
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CN201610236770.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵友平
王奕腾
郭欣
孙晨
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索尼公司
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Priority to CN201610236770.5A priority Critical patent/CN107302764A/en
Publication of CN107302764A publication Critical patent/CN107302764A/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/10Connection setup
    • H04W76/19Connection re-establishment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0058Allocation criteria
    • H04L5/0062Avoidance of ingress interference, e.g. ham radio channels
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/02Resource partitioning among network components, e.g. reuse partitioning
    • H04W16/10Dynamic resource partitioning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0058Allocation criteria
    • H04L5/0069Allocation based on distance or geographical location
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0058Allocation criteria
    • H04L5/0073Allocation arrangements that take into account other cell interferences
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/14Spectrum sharing arrangements between different networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W28/00Network traffic or resource management
    • H04W28/02Traffic management, e.g. flow control or congestion control
    • H04W28/0226Traffic management, e.g. flow control or congestion control based on location or mobility
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/0005Control or signalling for completing the hand-off
    • H04W36/0011Control or signalling for completing the hand-off for data session or connection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/24Reselection being triggered by specific parameters used to improve the performance of a single terminal
    • H04W36/32Reselection being triggered by specific parameters used to improve the performance of a single terminal by location or mobility data, e.g. speed data
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/023Services making use of location information using mutual or relative location information between multiple location based services [LBS] targets or of distance thresholds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/025Services making use of location information using location based information parameters
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • H04W4/029Location-based management or tracking services
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/048Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on terminal or device properties
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W64/00Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management
    • H04W64/006Locating users or terminals or network equipment for network management purposes, e.g. mobility management with additional information processing, e.g. for direction or speed determination
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W76/00Connection management
    • H04W76/30Connection release
    • H04W76/34Selective release of ongoing connections
    • H04W76/36Selective release of ongoing connections for reassigning the resources associated with the released connections

Abstract

Disclose wireless communications method and Wireless Telecom Equipment.A kind of spectrum management equipment is specifically disclosed, it includes one or more processors, one or more of processors are configured as:The following motion track of the communication equipment is estimated according to the position of communication equipment and local environment, wherein the communication equipment is irregular mobile device;It is determined that the track radiation areas that will be disturbed when the communication equipment is moved along the following motion track;And indicate that the equipment that is disturbed for producing co-channel interference in the communication equipment or the track radiation areas with the communication equipment is taken for reducing the operation disturbed.

Description

Wireless communications method and Wireless Telecom Equipment

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of wireless communications method and Wireless Telecom Equipment, especially, it is related to a kind of suitable For dense network the wireless communications method and nothing of interference can be effectively reduced for mobile interference source Line communication equipment.

Background technology

With the fast development of wireless communication technology, user gradually increases for the demand of data volume.The Five third-generation mobile communications (5G) technology also proposes high-speed, high power capacity, high spectrum utilization etc. therewith It is required that.In addition, intelligent terminal, mobile Internet etc. are also promoting mobile data amount exponentially type to increase It is long, it is particularly the crowded fields such as megastore, gymnasium, office building, outdoor rally area Institute, the demand to high data volume is particularly evident.It is close in order to meet the demands such as high data volume, high power capacity Collection (and super-intensive) cell deployment has become one of generally acknowledged solution, by highdensity Cell deployment obtains high division gain, so as to considerably increase power system capacity.Meanwhile, cognitive radio (Cognitive Radio, CR) technology is applied to intensive because can significantly improve the availability of frequency spectrum In network.Multiple transceivers with cognitive function constitute cognitive radio system (Cognitive Radio System,CRS)。

But, intensive (and super-intensive) cell deployment is there is also some problems, for example, due to small The intensive nature of area's distribution and the uncertain RRM caused in dense network and interference Management turns into challenging problem.Current interference management method is typically only applicable to static do Source is disturbed, and when mobile interference source occurs in a network, serious bursty interference can be brought.To keep away Exempt from interference source and using the interference between the user equipment of same frequency spectrum, can use to user equipment weight Newly distribute the measure of other frequency spectrum resource, but the movement of the intensive nature and interference source due to cell Property, this can produce heavy overhead again.

Accordingly, it would be desirable to which a kind of can either avoid or reduce interference suitable for dense network, it can subtract again The scheme of few overhead.

The content of the invention

In order to solve the above problems, according to an aspect of the present invention, it is proposed that in a kind of communication system Spectrum management equipment, it includes one or more processors, one or more of processors by with It is set to:The following moving rail of the communication equipment is estimated according to the position of communication equipment and local environment Mark, wherein the communication equipment is irregular mobile device;It is determined that when the communication equipment is described in The track radiation areas that will be disturbed during following motion track movement;And indicate the communication equipment or The equipment that is disturbed for producing co-channel interference with the communication equipment in the track radiation areas takes use In the operation for reducing interference.

According to another aspect of the invention, it is proposed that being performed in a kind of communication system by spectrum management equipment Method, including:The future of the communication equipment is estimated according to the position of communication equipment and local environment Motion track, wherein the communication equipment is irregular mobile device;It is determined that when the communication equipment The track radiation areas that will be disturbed when being moved along the following motion track;And indicate the communication Co-channel interference, which is produced, with the communication equipment in equipment or the track radiation areas is disturbed equipment Take the operation for reducing interference.

According to another aspect of the invention, it is proposed that a kind of communication system, including:Irregular movement Communication equipment;The one or more of co-channel interference, which are produced, with the communication equipment is disturbed equipment, its It is configured as:By the information relevant with frequency spectrum with the position of the communication equipment, speed, transmission power Report and give spectrum management equipment;And the spectrum management equipment, it is configured as:According to described logical The following motion track of the communication equipment is estimated in the position and local environment of believing equipment;It is determined that when described The track radiation areas that communication equipment will be disturbed when being moved along the following motion track;And be directed to Each in the track radiation areas is disturbed equipment, indicate described in be disturbed equipment and described One in communication equipment is taken for reducing the operation disturbed.

Brief description of the drawings

Can be by reference to more fully understanding the present invention below in association with the description given by accompanying drawing, its In same or analogous reference has been used in all of the figs to represent same or similar portion Part.Accompanying drawing includes in this manual together with following detailed description and forms this specification A part, and for further illustrate the preferred embodiments of the present invention and explain the present invention principle and Advantage.In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 schematically shows an example of the communication scenes that the present invention is applicable.

Fig. 2 schematically shows another example for the communication scenes that the present invention is applicable.

Fig. 3 shows the ensemble stream of the interference mitigation method for mobile interference source according to the present invention Cheng Tu.

Fig. 4 A and 4B show the flow chart of the processing performed by spectral coordination device.

Fig. 5 shows the information exchange figure of the interference mitigation method according to the present invention.

Fig. 6 shows another information exchange figure of the interference mitigation method according to the present invention.

Fig. 7 shows the schematic diagram of protection zone.

Fig. 8 shows the schematic diagram for updating protection zone.

Fig. 9 shows the intelligence electricity as mobile interference source or an example for being disturbed communication equipment The illustrative arrangement block diagram of words;

Figure 10 shows the evolved base station (eNB) as an example for being disturbed communication equipment Illustrative arrangement block diagram;

Figure 11 shows the exemplary configuration block diagram of computer hardware.

Embodiment

Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 schematically show two communication scenes that the present invention is applicable.Such as Fig. 1 It is shown, exist in the geographic area (as shown in rectangle frame) that spectral coordination device SC1 is managed multiple Communication equipment 100., can be including the use of cognitive radio as the example of the communication equipment 100 (CR) base station (such as eNB) of technology and terminal device.Mobile device 200 moves into frequency Telegon SC1 management region is composed, so that with being set in the region with it using the communication of same frequency spectrum Co-channel interference is produced between standby 100.Mobile device 200 can be regarded as irregular interference source, Herein, irregular interference source refers to moving in a communications system and to other in system Communication entity produces harmful interference to reduce the communication equipment of its service quality.It is used as mobile device 200 example, can include terminal device, such as mobile unit.As mobile device 200 is at this Moved in region (shown in phantom motion track), the communication equipment 100 being affected by it may also be with Change.

Fig. 1 shows that mobile device 200 extends only through single spectral coordination device SC1 management region Situation, Fig. 2 shows more generally situation, i.e. moves and passes through as the mobile device 200 of interference source The management region of multiple spectral coordination devices (being illustrated as two, SC1 and SC2) is crossed, wherein empty Line shows the motion track of mobile device 200.

It should be noted that, although show a case that to only exist an interference source in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, But interference source can also be multiple., can be according to interference in the case where there are multiple mobile interference sources The distribution situation in source and the processing for taking different reduction interference.For example, for scattered multiple interference Source, can be considered as single interference source independent of each other and be respectively processed, because these interference sources Position relatively disperse without causing the resource allocation in system frequently to change.Here, scattered interference Source can for example refer to following interference source:(it will retouch below the protection zone divided for each interference source State) will not be overlapped in one section of special time., can be by for multiple co-channel interference sources of concentration It is integrally handled as a single-frequency.It is determined that the plurality of co-channel interference source coverage when need Accumulated interference coverage is calculated, therefore can be than for single interference source for the protection zone of its division The protection zone of division is bigger.And for multiple alien frequencies interference sources of concentration, can be as more than one Frequency entirety is handled.It is determined that the plurality of alien frequencies interference source coverage when be also required to calculate accumulation Interference effect scope.In the case of multiple alien frequencies interference sources, with the place for multiple co-channel interference sources The difference of reason is:In the protection zone divided, for multiple interference spectrums, rather than Single interference spectrum, is respectively processed.

Fig. 3 shows the ensemble stream of the interference mitigation method for mobile interference source according to the present invention Cheng Tu.As shown in figure 3, in step S310, entering frequently when as the mobile device 200 of interference source When composing in telegon SC management region, monitor the position of the mobile device 200, speed, made The information such as frequency spectrum and transmission power.When mobile device 200 is not controlled by the spectral coordination device During SC, above- mentioned information can be detected by the communication equipment 100 of the interference effect by mobile device 200 And report and give spectral coordination device SC.When mobile device 200 is controlled by spectral coordination device SC, Above- mentioned information can be reported by mobile device 200 itself and give spectral coordination device SC.The present invention is not It is limited to mode described herein, but the above- mentioned information that results in mobile device 200 can be included Any other means.

Then, spectral coordination device SC is in correlations of the step S320 according to the mobile device 200 of acquisition Information (such as current location, translational speed), by reference to geographic position data storehouse, to estimate Following motion track of mobile device 200, and divided in step S330 based on the motion track Protection zone.Protection zone refers to the region of the interference effect by mobile device 200, with shifting The movement of dynamic equipment 200, protection zone is also dynamically changed therewith.Therefore can also be by protection zone It is considered as communication equipment 200 and moves along the track radiation areas that will be disturbed during the movement of track.Based on shifting Dynamic rail mark determines that the method for protection zone is described in detail below in connection with Fig. 7.When it is determined that protection After region, spectral coordination device SC can determine in the protection zone with mobile device 200 Using the communication equipment 100 of same frequency spectrum, as being disturbed equipment.

Then, spectral coordination device SC is directed to mobile device 200 (when it is controlled by frequency in step S340 Compose telegon SC when) and/or protection zone in by its interference communication equipment 100 use appropriate control Means processed so that reduce interfering between them.

Specifically, for being divided entrance region afterwards in protection zone and accessing spectral coordination For device SC communication equipment 100, spectral coordination device SC is distributed with mobile device 200 not for it Same frequency spectrum, so as to directly avoid the possibility for producing interference, can also reduce resource and match somebody with somebody again in addition The number of times put.Especially, it is foregoing there are multiple alien frequencies interference sources in the case of, i.e. mobile device 200 be multiple and using in the case of different frequency spectrums, for the communication equipment 100 of the new access, The frequency spectrum for needing distribution to be differed with each frequency spectrum used in multiple mobile devices 200.

, will be according to following for the communication equipment 100 existed when being divided in protection zone Table 1 is handled.

As shown in table 1, whether spectral coordination device SC is at one's disposal, mobile according to mobile device 200 Equipment 200 is with the comparative result of the priority of communication equipment 100 that is disturbed and with the presence or absence of another Outer assignable frequency spectrum resource, to determine different control methods, control method includes instruction and moved Equipment 200 or communication equipment 100 are using frequency spectrums different in addition, or to instruct it to perform dry for reducing The signal processing method disturbed.This respect is described in detail below in connection with Fig. 4 A and 4B.

As signal processing method, a variety of prior arts can be used.For example:Subspace projection technique, The technology enables to useful signal orthogonal with interference signal, so that the shadow of interference signal is reduced or eliminated Ring.If in addition, device configuration has multiple antennas, can utilize and be based on constant modulus algorithm (Constant Modulus Algorithm, CMA) beamforming technique eliminate interference.If device configuration Individual antenna, then can eliminate interference by multipoint cooperative technology.It should be noted that of the invention Method listed herewith is not limited to, but can use can be reduced or eliminated any other of interference Signal processing technology.

After above-mentioned processing method is taken for interference source, the method according to the invention will also be according to Default monitoring time interval periodically monitor the position of mobile device 200, speed, frequency spectrum and Transmission power etc., and report and give spectral coordination device SC, as shown in step S350.So as to frequency spectrum association Adjust device SC to utilize these information, follow moving and dynamicalling update protection for mobile device 200 Region.

Monitor time interval can according to the type of mobile device 200, translational speed, motion track, One or more of priority (QoS requirement) of communication equipment 100 etc. is pre-set. For example, monitoring time interval T can be configured toWherein v is the shifting of mobile device 200 Dynamic speed, l is default monitoring sensitivity distance, if for example, mobile device 200 is in city road Moved on road, l can be arranged to mobile device 200 to the distance at crossing.As an alternative, the time is monitored Interval T can also be using the fixed value artificially set.Those skilled in the art are easy to according to actually setting Meter requires to monitor time interval T to set, of the invention without limitation.

Using the relevant information of the mobile device 200 of periodicity monitoring, spectral coordination device SC is in step S360 determines whether to meet the first trigger condition.For example, first trigger condition is mobile device 200 Edge of the current location far from protection zone distance be less than or equal to threshold value dthresh3.When meet this During one trigger condition, illustrate that mobile device 200 has been moved into the adjacent edges of protection zone, current Protection zone can not reflect the coverage of mobile device 200 well, therefore processing is back to step Rapid S330, spectral coordination device SC are by according to the renewal in the step S350 mobile devices 200 obtained Information repartitions (renewal) protection zone.Otherwise, if not meeting the first trigger condition, Processing is carried out to step S370, further determines whether to meet the second trigger condition.For example, this Two trigger conditions are that estimated distance of motion track etc. is deviateed in the current location of mobile device 200 In or more than threshold value dthresh4.When meeting second trigger condition, illustrate previously determined moving rail Mark can not be well matched with the movement of mobile device 200, therefore processing is back to step S320, Spectral coordination device SC will be weighed according to the fresh information in the step S350 mobile devices 200 obtained The motion track of new estimation mobile device 200.Conversely, when not meeting the second trigger condition, explanation Currently used motion track remains suitable for mobile device 200.In such a case, it is possible to enter one Step judges whether mobile device 200 leaves spectral coordination device SC management region in step S380. If mobile device 200 is still moved in management region, continue using the processing in step S340 Mode.If mobile device 200 leaves the management region, processing terminates.

Fig. 3 step S340 intermediate frequency spectrum telegons are described in detail in hereinafter with reference to Fig. 4 A and 4B Processing performed by SC.

Fig. 4 A show the processing in the case that mobile device 200 is managed by spectral coordination device SC Flow.As shown in Figure 4 A, spectral coordination device SC step S411 determine that it is managed it is each logical Believe whether equipment is located in protection zone determined by Fig. 3 step S330.

When communication equipment is not located in protection zone, illustrate the communication equipment not by mobile device 200 interference, or the annoyance level being subject to are very low, can ignore the influence of interference.Therefore, frequency spectrum Telegon SC is carried out to step S413, in normal fashion, i.e. do not deposited with mobile device 200 When identical mode control the communication equipment.When communication equipment is located in protection zone, frequency spectrum Telegon SC is carried out to step S412, and whether determine the communication equipment is after protection zone is divided The equipment newly accessed.

If the communication equipment is the equipment newly accessed, spectral coordination device SC is in step S415 It distributes frequency spectrums different from mobile device 200, so that directly avoid generation co-channel interference can Energy.When the communication equipment is not the equipment that newly accesses, but divide setting of having existed during protection zone When standby, spectral coordination device SC is carried out to step S414, and whether judge mobile device 200 is that malice is dry Disturb source.Herein, malicious interference source for example also refers to artificially deliberately use with having existed Communication equipment identical frequency mobile device.

If mobile device 200 is confirmed as malicious interference source, spectral coordination device SC is in step S417 is that the frequency spectrum being different from is distributed by the communication equipment 100 of its interference, or instructs the communication to set Standby 100 use appropriate signal processing method to reduce the interference of mobile device 200.If movement is set Standby 200 be not malicious interference source, then spectral coordination device SC is carried out to step S416, by mobile device 200 priority and the priority of communication equipment 100 are compared.

When the priority of mobile device 200 is higher than the priority of communication equipment 100, spectral coordination device SC is that communication equipment 100 distributes different frequency spectrums, or command communication equipment 100 in step S419 Appropriate signal processing method is used to reduce its interference to mobile device 200.Conversely, when movement When the priority of equipment 200 is less than the priority of communication equipment 100, spectral coordination device SC is in step S418 is that mobile device 200 distributes different frequency spectrums, or instruction mobile device 200 is used suitably Signal processing method is to reduce its interference to communication equipment 100.

Fig. 4 B show the processing in the case that mobile device 200 is not managed by spectral coordination device SC Flow.As shown in Figure 4 B, spectral coordination device SC step S421 determine that it is managed it is each logical Believe whether equipment is located in identified protection zone.

When communication equipment is not located in protection zone, spectral coordination device SC is pressed in step S423 According to normal mode, i.e. identical mode controls the communication to set when being not present with mobile device 200 It is standby.When communication equipment is located in protection zone, spectral coordination device SC is carried out to step S422, really Whether the fixed communication equipment is the equipment newly accessed after protection zone is divided.

If the communication equipment is the equipment newly accessed, spectral coordination device SC is in step S425 It distributes the frequency spectrums different from mobile device 200, so as to avoid the possibility for producing co-channel interference.When When the communication equipment is not the equipment newly accessed, spectral coordination device SC is carried out to step S424, is judged Whether mobile device 200 is malicious interference source.

If mobile device 200 is confirmed as malicious interference source, spectral coordination device SC is in step S427 is to be distributed different frequency spectrums, or command communication equipment 100 by the communication equipment 100 of its interference Appropriate signal processing method is used to reduce interference of the mobile device 200 to it., whereas if moving Dynamic equipment 200 is not malicious interference source, then spectral coordination device SC is carried out to step S426, by movement The priority of equipment 200 and the priority of communication equipment 100 are compared.

When the priority of mobile device 200 is higher than the priority of communication equipment 100, spectral coordination device SC is that communication equipment 100 distributes different frequency spectrums, or command communication equipment 100 in step S429 Appropriate signal processing method is used to reduce its interference to mobile device 200.Conversely, when movement When the priority of equipment 200 is less than the priority of communication equipment 100, spectral coordination device SC is in step S428 is that communication equipment 100 distributes different frequency spectrums, or command communication equipment 100 is used suitably Signal processing method is to reduce interference of the mobile device 200 to it.

The information exchange of interference mitigation method according to the present invention is described below with reference to Fig. 5.Such as Fig. 5 Shown, communication equipment 100 monitors the position of the mobile device 200 as interference source, speed, transmitting The information such as power, frequency spectrum, and monitoring result is reported give spectral coordination device SC, such as step S511 It is shown.As it was previously stated, above- mentioned information itself can also be reported by mobile device 200 gives spectral coordination device SC, or reported by any appropriate any means known and give spectral coordination device SC.

Spectral coordination device SC is in step S512 by the positional information and speed of the mobile device 200 of acquisition Degree information is sent to geographic position data storehouse.Geographic position data storehouse is moved after querying the databases The motion track information of dynamic equipment 200, for example, mobile device 200 may within following certain time Location information, road markings information etc..This is moved in step S513 in geographic position data storehouse Dynamic trace information is supplied to spectral coordination device SC.

Spectral coordination device SC utilizes the trace information obtained from geographic position data storehouse in step S514 To estimate following motion track of mobile device 200, and in shiftings of the step S515 based on estimation Dynamic rail mark determines protection zone.Then, spectral coordination device SC determines to set the communication in protection zone Standby 100 and which kind of control mode taken as the mobile device 200 of interference source, with reduce them it Between interfere, as shown in step S516.Specific control mode is above in association with Fig. 4 A and 4B Have been carried out description.

When spectral coordination device SC determines control mode (such as at frequency spectrum resource distribution or execution signal Reason method) after, it distributes frequency spectrum in step S517 needed for information or execution signal processing method Information is sent to communication equipment 100 or mobile device 200.Here, frequency spectrum distribution information for example can be with Including the frequency spectrum distributed and use time etc., and the information needed for performing signal processing method then takes It is certainly different in signal processing method.For example, when command communication equipment 100 performs interference registration process When, spectral coordination device SC need to inform the positional information and aerial angle information of mobile device 200.

Then, communication equipment 100 or mobile device 200 are according to the letter indicated by spectral coordination device SC Breath, corresponding operation is performed in step S518.When spectral coordination device SC have sent frequency spectrum distribution letter During breath, communication equipment 100 or mobile device 200 use what is distributed in indicated use time Frequency spectrum.When spectral coordination device SC indicates execution signal processing method and have sent required information, Communication equipment 100 or mobile device 200 perform corresponding signal transacting, with reduction doing each other Disturb.

As it was previously stated, during the measure for reducing and disturbing is taken, being still to continue to monitor mobile device 200 state.Therefore, as shown in step S519, communication equipment 100 is according between the predetermined time Every periodically to spectral coordination device SC report the position of communication equipment 200, speed, transmission power, The information such as frequency spectrum.As an alternative, in the case where mobile device 200 is by spectral coordination device SC management, Itself above- mentioned information can be periodically reported by mobile device 200.

Spectral coordination device SC is according to the information of periodic report, it is determined whether meet update condition (for example, First trigger condition, the second trigger condition), and when meeting specified conditions update protection zone or The motion track of mobile device 200 is updated, as shown in step S520.

After the completion of renewal, spectral coordination device SC by according to update after protection zone or motion track, Re-execute step S516-S519 processing.Until mobile device 200 removes spectral coordination device SC Management region, spectral coordination device SC processing terminates.

Fig. 6 shows that mobile device 200 moves through multiple spectral coordination device SC management region In the case of information exchange.

With reference to reference picture 2, mobile device 200 is currently located in spectral coordination device SC1 management region. As it was previously stated, estimating its following motion track and according to the motion track by spectral coordination device SC1 Protection zone is determined, as shown in Fig. 6 step S610.

When estimated motion track (as shown in phantom in Figure 2) is by spectral coordination device SC2's Management region, so that when identified protection zone includes the region managed by spectral coordination device SC2, Spectral coordination device SC1 sets the positional information of identified protection zone and movement in step S620 The information such as standby 200 position, speed, transmission power, frequency spectrum notify to give spectral coordination device SC2.

So as to, spectral coordination device SC2 in step S630 according to the above- mentioned information obtained, to protection In region by it is in the region of its management, be controlled by the communication equipment 100 of co-channel interference, wrap The frequency spectrum for being distributed for the communication equipment 100 and being different from mobile device 200 is included, or instructs the communication equipment 100 perform the signal processing method for reducing interference.

And after spectral coordination device SC1 have updated protection zone in step S640, if after updating Protection zone still include the regions that are managed of spectral coordination device SC2, then spectral coordination device SC1 In step S650 by the positional information of the protection zone after renewal and the mobile device of renewal 200 Relevant information notifies to give spectral coordination device SC2.So as to which spectral coordination device SC2 can be in step S660 Control process is performed according to the information after updating.

If those skilled in the art are it can be readily appreciated that the protection zone after updating also includes by addition Spectral coordination device (such as SC3, SC4 ...) management region, then spectral coordination device SC1 Also the information after renewal is notified in step S650 to give these spectral coordination devices, in order to these frequency spectrums What telegon was managed it, which be disturbed communication equipment 100, performs corresponding control.

Describe to be determined by spectral coordination device SC in Fig. 3 step S330 below with reference to Fig. 7 The method of protection zone.As shown in fig. 7, curve A represents the movement estimated by spectral coordination device SC The motion track of equipment 200.dthresh1Represent the interference effect radius of mobile device 200.Curve A Bold portion correspond in the given time mobile device 200 will pass through and produce interference effect Distance, the length of the distance is dthresh2, dthresh2Determine the protection zone that moves along track Length.As can be seen from Figure, by using motion track as axis, determining dthresh1And dthresh2, It is assured that out the scope of protection zone (dashed lines shown in ring).

Therefore, spectral coordination device SC calculates mobile device 200 according to below equation (1) first Interference effect radius dthresh1

dthresh1=f (Pti,SINRthresh,h) (1)

Wherein, PtiThe transmission power of mobile device 200 is represented, h represents channel model, SINRthreshTable Show the threshold value of the Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio of communication equipment 100, it is the service quality according to communication equipment 100 (QoS) requirement, priority etc. predetermined value.F () represents certain mapping relations.

Below equation (2) shows simplified path loss model:

Wherein, PrAnd PtReceived signal power and transmission signal power are represented respectively, and unit is dBm;K The constant of antenna performance and average channel loss is to rely on, unit is dB;D is emitter with connecing The distance between receipts machine, unit is rice (m);d0It is the reference distance of Antenna Far Field, unit is rice (m);γ is path loss index.Suitable K, d can be selected0, γ come approximate analysis model or Empirical model.

Equation (2) is typically only applicable to transmission range d>d0Situation, d0Value for interior one As be 1m~10m, for outdoor be generally 10m~100m.γ value depends on communication environments.K Normal value is omnidirectional antenna in d0Shown in the free space path gain at place, such as below equation (3):

Wherein λ is the wavelength of signal, and unit is rice (m).

Based on the path loss model shown in above equation (2), it can obtain:

So as to obtain:

Wherein, N represents noise power, and unit is mW;PtsThe transmission power of communication equipment 100 is represented, Unit is dBm;PriRepresent 200 pairs of mobile device at a distance of dthresh1The communication equipment 100 at place is caused Interference power, unit is dBm.

Understood according to equation (5), such as transmission power P when mobile device 200tiDuring increase, institute The d of calculatingthresh1Increase, the width increase of protection zone, vice versa.Therefore, it is possible to be adapted to The change of the interference performance of mobile device 200.

As described above, it has been determined that the interference effect radius d of mobile device 200thresh1.Then, Spectral coordination device SC determines d according to below equation (7)thresh2

dthresh2=vt1 (7)

Wherein, v is the translational speed of mobile device 200;t1It is the default protection zone duration, That is, identified protection zone is in time t1It is interior effective.

Understood according to equation (7), when the translational speed of mobile device 200 becomes big, dthresh2Increase Greatly, the length of identified protection zone increases therewith, can so effectively adapt to mobile device 200 mobility.

It should be noted that protection zone is not the bigger the better.If protection zone divides too much, Once mobile device 200 changes motion track, dynamic adjustment protection zone can be very dumb, increases simultaneously The number of times and overhead for reconfiguring system resource have been added, it is therefore desirable to which protection zone is reasonably set Domain.

In addition, as it was previously stated, threshold value dthresh3It is distance of the mobile device 200 away from protection zone edge Predetermined threshold.Reference picture 7, it is easy to understand, when mobile device 200 away from protection zone edge away from From less than or equal to threshold value dthresh3When, illustrate mobile device 200 close to edge, rather than be located at Protection zone center.Apparent such protection zone has been not suitable for the present bit of mobile device 200 Put, mismatched with the current interference range of mobile device 200, it is therefore desirable to by spectral coordination device SC redefines protection zone according to the current information of mobile device 200.

For example, threshold value d can be set according to below equation (9)thresh3

dthresh3=dthresh1+vt2 (9)

Wherein, v is the translational speed of mobile device 200, t2When being the frequency spectrum switching of cognitive radio system Between.

Fig. 8 shows the schematic diagram for updating protection zone.As shown in figure 8, dotted line represents mobile device 200 motion track.When mobile device 200 is moved along road 1, protection zone C1 can be divided, As shown in the dotted rectangle in left side.As mobile device 200 is moved forward, protection zone C1 Can the right side movement into figure therewith.And when mobile device 200 is turned right to along road 5 by road 1 When mobile, protection zone C1 can be updated to protection zone C2, such as right side solid-line rectangle frame institute Show.Thus, protection zone is dynamicallyd update according to the mobile route of mobile device 200, so as to The communication equipment that mobile device 200 is currently disturbed is controlled, to reduce interference.

Each combined embodiment describes the principle and technical scheme of the present invention above.For example, root It can be applied in the symbiotic system of dense deployment 802.19 according to technical scheme.When there is movement When interference source passes through the system, system usually requires to re-start resource allocation to ensure existing user's Service quality, can solve the problem that interference therein using this programme and resource allocation overhead is heavy asks Topic.In addition, for example, present invention could apply to third generation cooperative partner program (3GPP), especially In being " vehicle is to external world " (V2X) network.If mobile interference source is mobile unit, it is moved Dynamic rail mark is mostly road, therefore its following moving rail can be estimated in this programme according to road Mark.

The present invention can solve the problem that what is brought in (super) intensive dynamic spectrum access network by mobile interference source A series of problems, for example, frequently resource distribution, heavy overhead, existing user because by Harmful interference and penalty, the availability of frequency spectrum decline etc..In existing User Priority higher than movement When interference source or interference source is malicious interference sources, mobile interference source can be effectively reduced to existing user's Interference, ensures the service quality of existing user.Interference source is done conversely, existing user can be reduced Disturb.In addition, the number of times for redistributing resource can be significantly reduced using the solution of the present invention, reduction system System expense.

In the 5th following generation (5G) mobile communication technology, cognitive radio technology is commonly used In (super) dense network, but in (super) dense network, interference problem and overhead issues are particularly dashed forward Go out, this programme solves the problems, such as these two aspects well, have important practical significance.

The present invention can be applied to various products.For example, the communication equipment 100 in above-described embodiment It may be implemented as base station, including any kind of evolved node B (eNB), such as grand eNB With small eNB.Small eNB can be the eNB of the covering cell smaller than macrocell, such as micro, slight eNB, Micro- eNB and family (femto) eNB.Instead, base station can also include any other type Base station, such as NodeB and base transceiver station (BTS).Base station can include:It is configured as control The main body (also referred to as base station equipment) of radio communication processed;And be arranged on different from main body local One or more long distance wireless head ends (RRH).In addition, various types of terminal devices can also lead to Cross temporarily or semi-persistent perform base station functions and as base station operation.

On the other hand, the communication equipment 100 or mobile device 200 in above-described embodiment for example can be by It is embodied as communication terminal device (such as smart phone, tablet personal computer (PC), notebook type PC, portable game terminal, portable/softdog type mobile router and digital camera device) or Person's vehicle-mounted terminal equipment (such as car navigation device), is also implemented as performing Machine To Machine (M2M) terminal device of communication, also referred to as machine type communication (MTC) terminal device.This Outside, the communication equipment or mobile device can also be mounted in the nothing in each terminal in above-mentioned terminal Line communication module (such as integrated circuit modules including single wafer).

Set below in conjunction with Fig. 9 using smart phone as an example to describe communication equipment 100 or movement Standby 200 realization.

Fig. 9 shows the block diagram of the illustrative arrangement of smart phone.As shown in figure 9, smart phone 2500 include processor 2501, memory 2502, storage device 2503, external connection interface section 2504, Camera device 2506, sensor 2507, microphone 2508, input unit 2509, display device 2510th, loudspeaker 2511, wireless communication interface 2512, one or more duplexers 2515, one Individual or multiple antennas 2516, bus 2517, battery 2518 and pilot controller 2519.

Processor 2501 can be such as CPU or on-chip system (SoC), and control intelligent electricity The application layer of words 2500 and the function of other layer.Memory 2502 includes RAM and ROM, and And data storage and the program that is performed by processor 2501.Storage device 2503 can include storage and be situated between Matter, such as semiconductor memory and hard disk.External connection interface section 2504 is for external device (ED) is (all Such as storage card and USB (USB) device) it is connected to the interface of smart phone 2500.

Camera device 2506 includes imaging sensor (such as charge coupling device (CCD) and complementation Metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) (CMOS)), and generate capture images.Sensor 2507 can be wrapped One group of sensor is included, such as measurement sensor, gyro sensor, geomagnetic sensor and acceleration are passed Sensor.The sound that microphone 2508 will enter into smart phone 2500 is converted to audio signal.Input Device 2509 includes for example being configured as detecting that the touch of the touch on the screen of display device 2510 is passed Sensor, keypad, keyboard, button or switch, and receive the operation inputted from user or information. Display device 2510 includes screen (such as liquid crystal display (LCD) and Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display), and show the output image of smart phone 2500.Loudspeaker 2511 The audio signal exported from smart phone 2500 is converted into sound.

Wireless communication interface 2512 supports any cellular communication scheme (such as LTE and LTE- are advanced), And perform radio communication.Wireless communication interface 2512 can generally include such as base band (BB) place Manage device 2513 and radio frequency (RF) circuit 2514.BB processors 2513 can perform for example coding/ Decoding, modulating/demodulating and multiplex/demultiplex, and perform for the various types of of radio communication Signal transacting.Meanwhile, RF circuits 2514 can include such as frequency mixer, wave filter and amplifier, And wireless signal is transmitted and received via antenna 2516.Wireless communication interface 2512 can be it On be integrated with a chip module of BB processors 2513 and RF circuits 2514.As shown in figure 9, Wireless communication interface 2512 can include multiple BB processors 2513 and multiple RF circuits 2514. But, wireless communication interface 2512 can also include single BB processors 2513 or single RF electricity Road 2514.

In addition, in addition to cellular communication scheme, wireless communication interface 2512 can also be supported in addition The radio communication system of type, such as short-distance wireless communication scheme, near-field communication scheme and wireless office Domain net (LAN) scheme.In the case, wireless communication interface 2512 can be included for every kind of The BB processors 2513 and RF circuits 2514 of radio communication system.

The multiple circuits of each in duplexer 2515 in wireless communication interface 2512 is included in Switch the connection purpose of antenna 2516 between (such as the circuit for different radio communication systems) Ground.

Each in antenna 2516 (is such as included in including single or multiple antenna elements Multiple antenna elements in mimo antenna), and transmit and connect for wireless communication interface 2512 Receive wireless signal.As shown in figure 9, smart phone 2500 can include multiple antennas 2516.But, Smart phone 2500 can also include individual antenna 2516.

In addition, smart phone 2500 can include the antenna 2516 for every kind of radio communication system. In this case, it is possible to omit duplexer 2515 from the configuration of smart phone 2500.

Bus 2517 is by processor 2501, memory 2502, storage device 2503, external connection Interface 2504, camera device 2506, sensor 2507, microphone 2508, input unit 2509, Display device 2510, loudspeaker 2511, wireless communication interface 2512 and pilot controller 2519 It is connected to each other.Battery 2518 provides electric power, feedback via feeder line to all parts of smart phone 2500 Line is partly shown as dotted line in figure.Pilot controller 2519 for example operates intelligence in a sleep mode The required function of minimum of energy phone 2500.

In the smart phone 2500 shown in Fig. 9, the R-T unit of terminal device can be by channel radio Letter interface 2512 is realized.At least a portion of the function of each functional unit of terminal device can also be by Processor 2501 or pilot controller 2519 are realized.For example, can be by by pilot controller 2519 Perform the partial function of processor 2501 and reduce the power consumption of battery 2518.In addition, processor 2501 or pilot controller 2519 can be deposited by performing in memory 2502 or storage device 2503 The program of storage and at least a portion for performing the function of each functional unit of terminal device.

The realization of communication equipment 100 is described using eNB as an example below in conjunction with Figure 10.

Figure 10 shows the block diagram of eNB illustrative arrangement.As shown in Figure 10, eNB 2300 is wrapped Include one or more antennas 2310 and base station equipment 2320.Base station equipment 2320 and each antenna 2310 can be connected to each other via radio frequency (RF) cable.

How defeated each in antenna 2310 (be such as included in including single or multiple antenna elements Enter multiple antenna elements in multi output (MIMO) antenna), and for base station equipment 2320 Send and receive wireless signal.As shown in Figure 10, eNB 2300 can include multiple antennas 2310. For example, multiple antennas 2310 can be compatible with multiple frequency bands that eNB 2300 is used.Although Figure 10 Show that eNB 2300 includes the example of multiple antennas 2310, but eNB 2300 can also include list Individual antenna 2310.

Base station equipment 2320 include controller 2321, memory 2322, network interface 2323 and Wireless communication interface 2325.

Controller 2321 can be such as CPU or DSP, and operate base station equipment 2320 compared with High-rise various functions.For example, controller 2321 is according to the letter handled by wireless communication interface 2325 Data in number generate packet, and transmit via network interface 2323 generated packet. Controller 2321 can be bundled to generate binding point to the data from multiple BBPs Group, and transmit generated binding packet.Controller 2321 can be with patrolling that execution is controlled as follows Collect function:The control is such as wireless heterogeneous networks, radio bearer control, mobile management, receiving Control and scheduling.The control can combine neighbouring eNB or core net node to perform.Memory 2322 include RAM and ROM, and store the program performed by controller 2321 and various types of The control data (such as terminal list, transmission power data and scheduling data) of type.

Network interface 2323 connects for the communication for base station equipment 2320 to be connected to core net 2324 Mouthful.Controller 2321 can enter via network interface 2323 with core net node or other eNB Row communication.In the case, eNB 2300 can pass through logic with core net node or other eNB Interface (such as S1 interfaces and X2 interface) and be connected to each other.Network interface 2323 can also be to have Line communication interface or the wireless communication interface for wireless backhaul.If network interface 2323 is Wireless communication interface, then compared with frequency band used in wireless communication interface 2325, network interface 2323 High frequency band can be used for radio communication.

Wireless communication interface 2325 supports any cellular communication scheme (such as Long Term Evolution (LTE) It is advanced with LTE-), and the end in eNB 2300 cell is provided via antenna 2310 The wireless connection at end.Wireless communication interface 2325 can generally include such as He of BB processors 2326 RF circuits 2327.BB processors 2326 can perform such as coding/decoding, modulating/demodulating and Multiplex/demultiplex, and execution level (such as L1, medium access control (MAC), Radio Link Control (RLC) and PDCP (PDCP)) various types of signal transactings. Instead of controller 2321, BB processors 2326 can have a part or complete for above-mentioned logic function Portion.BB processors 2326 can for storage communication control program memory, or be include by with It is set to the processor of configuration processor and the module of interlock circuit.More new procedures can make BB processors 2326 function changes.The module can be the card or blade being inserted into the groove of base station equipment 2320. Alternately, the module can also be the chip on card or blade.Meanwhile, RF circuits 2327 Such as frequency mixer, wave filter and amplifier can be included, and transmit and connect via antenna 2310 Receive wireless signal.

As shown in Figure 10, wireless communication interface 2325 can include multiple BB processors 2326.Example Such as, multiple BB processors 2326 can be compatible with multiple frequency bands that eNB 2300 is used.As schemed Shown in 10, wireless communication interface 2325 can include multiple RF circuits 2327.For example, multiple RF circuits 2327 can be compatible with multiple antenna elements.Although Figure 10 shows wireless communication interface 2325 Example including multiple BB processors 2326 and multiple RF circuits 2327, but radio communication connects Mouth 2325 can also include single BB processors 2326 or single RF circuits 2327.

In the eNB 2300 shown in Figure 10, the R-T unit of base station equipment can be by radio communication Interface 2325 is realized.At least a portion of the function of each unit can also be performed by controller 2321. For example, controller 2321 can perform each list by performing the program being stored in memory 2322 At least a portion of the function of member.

Each equipment or module described herein are only on logical meaning, not exactly correspond to Physical equipment or entity.For example, the function of each module described herein may be real by multiple physics Body realizes, or, the function of multiple modules described herein may be by single physical entity be Lai real It is existing.In addition it should be noted that the feature described in one embodiment, part, element, step Etc. being not limited to the embodiment, but other embodiments are can also be applied to, for example, substitute other implementations Special characteristic, part, element, step in example etc., or it is combined with it.

A series of processing performed in the above-described embodiments by each equipment or module can be by software, hard The combination of part or software and hardware is realized.It can be previously stored in often including program in software In the internal or external set storage medium of individual equipment.As an example, during performing, These programs be written into random access memory (RAM) and by processor (such as CPU) Lai Perform.

Figure 11 is the example arrangement frame for showing the computer hardware that above-mentioned processing is performed according to program Figure.

In computer 1100, CPU (CPU) 1101, read-only storage (ROM) 1102 and random access memory (RAM) 1103 be connected to each other by bus 1104.

Input/output interface 1105 is further connected with bus 1104.Input/output interface 1105 connects It is connected to following component:With the input block 1106 of the formation such as keyboard, mouse, microphone;To show The output unit 1107 of the formation such as device, loudspeaker;With formation such as hard disk, nonvolatile memories Memory cell 1108;With NIC (LAN (LAN) card, modem etc.) The communication unit 1109 of formation;And the driver 1110 of driving move media 1111, movement Jie The all disks in this way of matter 1111, CD, magneto-optic disk or semiconductor memory.

In the computer with said structure, CPU 1101 will be stored in memory cell 1108 Program is loaded into RAM 1103 via input/output interface 1105 and bus 1104, and is held Row program, to perform above-mentioned processing.

The program to be performed by computer (CPU 1101) can be recorded in as encapsulation medium On move media 1111, the encapsulation medium with such as disk (including floppy disk), CD (including compression Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM)), digital versatile disc (DVD) etc.), magneto-optic disk, Or semiconductor memory is formed.In addition, the program to be performed by computer (CPU 1101) It can come via the wired or wireless transmission medium of such as LAN, internet or digital satellite broadcasting There is provided.

, can be by program via input/output when move media 1111 is arranged in driver 1110 Interface 1105 is arranged in memory cell 1108.Furthermore it is possible to via wired or wireless transmission medium Program is received by communication unit 1109, and program is arranged in memory cell 1108.It can replace Program, can be pre-installed in ROM 1102 or memory cell 1108 by selection of land.

The program to be performed by computer can be the order according to described in this specification to perform place The program of reason, or can be performed in parallel handling or (such as, when invoked) hold when needed The program of row processing.

Embodiments of the invention and technique effect is described in detail in combined accompanying drawing above, but originally The scope not limited to this of invention.It will be appreciated by one skilled in the art that will depending on design Summation other factors, can be to institute herein in the case of without departing from the principle of the present invention and spirit The embodiment of discussion carries out various modifications or change.The scope of the present invention by appended claims or its Equivalent is limited.

In addition, the present invention can also be configured as follows.

A kind of spectrum management equipment in communication system, including one or more processors, it is one Or multiple processors are configured as:Set according to the position of communication equipment and the local environment estimation communication Standby following motion track, wherein the communication equipment is irregular mobile device;It is determined that when described The track radiation areas that communication equipment will be disturbed when being moved along the following motion track;And indicate In the communication equipment or the track radiation areas with the communication equipment produce co-channel interference by Jamming equipment takes the operation for reducing interference.

Wherein, the operation for being used to reduce interference is including the use of other frequency spectrum and performs for reducing At least one in the signal processing method of interference.

Wherein, it is disturbed described after equipment is determined in the track radiation areas described in access In the case of spectrum management equipment, one or more of processors are configured as:Indicate described by dry Disturb equipment and use the frequency spectrums different from the communication equipment distributed by the spectrum management equipment.

Wherein, it is described be disturbed equipment accessed when the track radiation areas are determined it is described In the case of spectrum management equipment, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:Determine described logical Believe equipment whether by the spectrum management equipment control;Determine whether there is assignable frequency spectrum;And Compare the priority and the priority for being disturbed equipment of the communication equipment.

Wherein, by the spectrum management equipment control and do not exist assignable in the communication equipment In the case of frequency spectrum, one or more of processors are configured as:Being disturbed equipment described in indicating makes With the frequency spectrums different from the communication equipment distributed by the spectrum management equipment.

Wherein, by the spectrum management equipment control and it is not present and can distribute in the communication equipment Frequency spectrum in the case of, one or more of processors are configured as:Equipment is disturbed described in indicating Perform the signal processing method for reducing interference.

Wherein, in situation of the priority higher than the priority for being disturbed equipment of the communication equipment Under, the signal processing method is used to reduce the equipment that is disturbed for the dry of the communication equipment Disturb;In the case where the priority of the communication equipment is disturbed the priority of equipment less than described in, institute Stating signal processing method is used to reduce the communication equipment for the interference for being disturbed equipment.

Wherein, the communication equipment is by the spectrum management equipment control and there is assignable frequency In the case of spectrum, one or more of processors are configured as:Indicate the communication equipment and described Be disturbed in equipment with lower priority a use distributed by the spectrum management equipment with Another different frequency spectrum.

Wherein, in the communication equipment by the spectrum management equipment control and in the absence of assignable In the case of frequency spectrum, one or more of processors are configured as:Indicate the communication equipment and institute One be disturbed in equipment with lower priority is stated to perform for reducing the interference to another Signal processing method.

Wherein, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:Speed based on the communication equipment Estimate the following motion track.

Wherein, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:Based on the expression communication equipment The first distance and the communication equipment of interference range are along the following motion track by the of process Two distances determine the track radiation areas.

Wherein, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:Transmitting based on the communication equipment Power and the communication quality index for being disturbed equipment determine first distance.

Wherein, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:Speed based on the communication equipment The second distance is determined with the effective time of the track radiation areas.

Wherein, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:It is determined that monitoring time interval, wherein The equipment that is disturbed is according to the monitoring time interval cycle notified by the spectrum management equipment Report position, speed and the transmission power of the communication equipment in ground;And set according to described be disturbed Standby report determines whether to update the track radiation areas.

Wherein, one or more of processors are additionally configured to:A kind of situation in situations below Under, it is determined that updating the track radiation areas:Side of the communication equipment away from the track radiation areas The distance on boundary is less than or equal to the 3rd distance, and the following shifting is deviateed in the position of the communication equipment The distance of dynamic rail mark is less than or equal to the 4th distance.

Wherein, include in the track radiation areas by the part of other spectrum management equipment controles In the case of, one or more of processors are configured as:It is controlled with by the track radiation area The positional information in domain, and position, speed, transmission power and the spectrum information of the communication equipment are logical Know to other spectrum management equipment, so that other spectrum management equipment indicate what it was managed The equipment that is disturbed in part is taken for reducing the operation disturbed.

A kind of method performed in communication system by spectrum management equipment, including:According to communication equipment Position and local environment estimate the following motion track of the communication equipment, wherein the communication equipment is Irregular mobile device;It is determined that will when the communication equipment is moved along the following motion track The track radiation areas of interference;And indicate in the communication equipment or the track radiation areas with institute The equipment that is disturbed for stating communication equipment generation co-channel interference is taken for reducing the operation disturbed.

Wherein, the operation for being used to reduce interference is including the use of other frequency spectrum and performs for reducing At least one in the signal processing method of interference.

Methods described also includes:It is to be determined it in the track radiation areas in the equipment that is disturbed After access the spectrum management equipment in the case of, be described to be disturbed equipment distribution and set with described communicate Standby different frequency spectrum.

Methods described also includes:Equipment is disturbed described when the track radiation areas are determined In the case of accessing the spectrum management equipment, determine the communication equipment whether by the frequency spectrum pipe Manage equipment control;Determine whether there is assignable frequency spectrum;And relatively more described communication equipment is preferential Level and the priority for being disturbed equipment.

Methods described also includes:According to the determination result, one of following processing is performed:For it is described by Jamming equipment distributes the frequency spectrums different from the communication equipment, and equipment execution is disturbed described in instruction Signal processing method for reducing interference.

Methods described also includes:According to the determination result, one of following processing is performed:Lead to be described Letter equipment and described be disturbed in equipment have a distribution of lower priority different from another Frequency spectrum, and indicate the communication equipment and one be disturbed in equipment with lower priority Perform the signal processing method for reducing the interference to another.

Methods described also includes:Following motion track described in velocity estimation based on the communication equipment.

Methods described also includes:The first distance based on the interference range for representing the communication equipment and The second distance of process is determined the track spoke by the communication equipment along the following motion track Penetrate region.

Methods described also includes:It is determined that monitoring time interval, and the monitoring time interval of determination is notified Equipment is disturbed to described;Receive by the equipment that is disturbed according to the monitoring time interval cycle report Position, speed and the transmission power for the communication equipment accused;And it is disturbed equipment according to described Report determine whether to update the track radiation areas.

Methods described also includes:In the case of one kind in situations below, it is determined that updating the track spoke Penetrate region:The distance on border of the communication equipment away from the track radiation areas is less than or equal to the 3rd Distance, and the distance of the position deviation following motion track of the communication equipment are less than or equal to 4th distance.

A kind of communication system, including:The communication equipment of irregular movement;Produced with the communication equipment Raw the one or more of co-channel interference are disturbed equipment, and it is configured as:By with the communication equipment Position, speed, the transmission power information relevant with frequency spectrum, which are reported, gives spectrum management equipment;And it is described Spectrum management equipment, it is configured as:According to the position of the communication equipment and local environment estimation institute State the following motion track of communication equipment;It is determined that when the communication equipment is moved along the following motion track The track radiation areas that will be disturbed when dynamic;And for each in the track radiation areas It is disturbed equipment, indicating that one be disturbed in equipment and the communication equipment takes is used to reduce The operation of interference.

Wherein, the operation includes at least one of the following:Equipment and institute are disturbed using with described Another different frequency spectrum in communication equipment is stated, and performs the signal transacting side for reducing interference Method.

Wherein, the equipment that is disturbed is additionally configured to periodically be reported so that the frequency spectrum Management equipment determines whether to update the track radiation areas according to the information of report.

The communication system also includes:Manage another frequency spectrum of the part in the track radiation areas Management equipment, it is configured as:The position of the track radiation areas is received from the spectrum management equipment Confidence cease, and the communication equipment position, speed, transmission power and spectrum information, Yi Jiwei Being disturbed described in the other frequency spectrum of equipment distribution or instruction in its part managed is disturbed equipment Perform the signal processing method for reducing interference.

Claims (30)

1. the spectrum management equipment in a kind of communication system, including one or more processors, described One or more processors are configured as:
The following motion track of the communication equipment is estimated according to the position of communication equipment and local environment, Wherein described communication equipment is irregular mobile device;
It is determined that the track spoke that will be disturbed when the communication equipment is moved along the following motion track Penetrate region;And
Indicate to produce same frequency in the communication equipment or the track radiation areas with the communication equipment The equipment that is disturbed of interference is taken for reducing the operation disturbed.
2. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1, wherein described be used to reduce interference Operate including the use of other frequency spectrum and perform for reducing in the signal processing method disturbed at least One.
3. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1 or 2, wherein, it is disturbed described Equipment be determined in the track radiation areas after access the spectrum management equipment in the case of, One or more of processors are configured as:Equipment is disturbed described in indicating to use by the frequency spectrum pipe Manage the frequency spectrums different from the communication equipment of equipment distribution.
4. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1 or 2, exists in the equipment that is disturbed The spectrum management equipment has been accessed in the track radiation areas when being determined in the case that, described one Individual or multiple processors are additionally configured to:
Determine the communication equipment whether by the spectrum management equipment control;
Determine whether there is assignable frequency spectrum;And
Compare the priority and the priority for being disturbed equipment of the communication equipment.
5. spectrum management equipment according to claim 4, in the communication equipment not by described Spectrum management equipment control and in the case of there is assignable frequency spectrum, one or more of processing Device is configured as:Indicate it is described be disturbed equipment use by spectrum management equipment distribution with it is described The different frequency spectrum of communication equipment.
6. spectrum management equipment according to claim 4, in the communication equipment not by described Spectrum management equipment control and in the absence of in the case of assignable frequency spectrum, one or more of places Reason device is configured as:Equipment is disturbed described in indicating to perform for reducing the signal processing method disturbed.
7. spectrum management equipment according to claim 6, wherein,
In the case where the priority of the communication equipment is disturbed the priority of equipment higher than described in, institute State signal processing method and be used to reducing and described be disturbed interference of the equipment for the communication equipment;And In the case where the priority of the communication equipment is disturbed the priority of equipment less than described in, institute Stating signal processing method is used to reduce the communication equipment for the interference for being disturbed equipment.
8. spectrum management equipment according to claim 4, in the communication equipment by the frequency In the case that spectrum management equipment manages and there is assignable frequency spectrum, one or more of processors It is configured as:Indicate the communication equipment and one be disturbed in equipment with lower priority Use the frequency spectrums different from another distributed by the spectrum management equipment.
9. spectrum management equipment according to claim 4, in the communication equipment by the frequency In the case of composing management equipment management and assignable frequency spectrum being not present, one or more of processing Device is configured as:Indicate that the communication equipment and described be disturbed in equipment have the one of lower priority The individual signal processing method performed for reducing the interference to another.
10. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1, one or more of processors It is additionally configured to:Following motion track described in velocity estimation based on the communication equipment.
11. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1, one or more of processors are also It is configured as:The first distance and the communication based on the interference range for representing the communication equipment are set It is standby that the second distance of process is determined into the track radiation areas along the following motion track.
12. spectrum management equipment according to claim 11, one or more of processors It is additionally configured to:Transmission power and the communication quality for being disturbed equipment based on the communication equipment Index determines first distance.
13. spectrum management equipment according to claim 11, one or more of processors It is additionally configured to:The effective time of speed and the track radiation areas based on the communication equipment Determine the second distance.
14. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1, one or more of processors It is additionally configured to:
It is determined that monitoring time interval, wherein the equipment that is disturbed is led to according to by the spectrum management equipment The monitoring time interval known reports position, speed and the transmitting work(of the communication equipment periodically Rate;And
Determined whether to update the track radiation areas according to the report for being disturbed equipment.
15. spectrum management equipment according to claim 14, one or more of processors It is additionally configured to:In the case of one kind in situations below, it is determined that updating the track radiation areas:
The distance on border of the communication equipment away from the track radiation areas be less than or equal to the 3rd away from From, and
The distance that the following motion track is deviateed in the position of the communication equipment is less than or equal to the 4th Distance.
16. spectrum management equipment according to claim 1, in the track radiation areas Including in the case of the part of other spectrum management equipment controles, one or more of processor quilts It is configured to:
It is controlled with by the position of the positional information of the track radiation areas, and the communication equipment Put, speed, transmission power and spectrum information are notified to other spectrum management equipment, so as to described Other spectrum management equipment indicate that the equipment that is disturbed in its part managed takes dry for reducing The operation disturbed.
17. a kind of method performed in communication system by spectrum management equipment, including:
The following motion track of the communication equipment is estimated according to the position of communication equipment and local environment, Wherein described communication equipment is irregular mobile device;
It is determined that the track spoke that will be disturbed when the communication equipment is moved along the following motion track Penetrate region;And
Indicate to produce same frequency in the communication equipment or the track radiation areas with the communication equipment The equipment that is disturbed of interference is taken for reducing the operation disturbed.
18. method according to claim 17, wherein the operation bag for being used to reduce interference Include using other frequency spectrum and perform for reducing at least one in the signal processing method disturbed.
19. the method according to claim 17 or 18, in addition to:Set in described be disturbed Standby is in the case of accessing the spectrum management equipment after being determined in the track radiation areas, to be The equipment that is disturbed distributes the frequency spectrums different from the communication equipment.
20. the method according to claim 17 or 18, in addition to:Set in described be disturbed It is standby the spectrum management equipment has been accessed when the track radiation areas are determined in the case of,
Determine the communication equipment whether by the spectrum management equipment control;
Determine whether there is assignable frequency spectrum;And
Compare the priority and the priority for being disturbed equipment of the communication equipment.
21. method according to claim 20, in addition to:According to the determination result, hold One of following processing of row:
The frequency spectrums different from the communication equipment are distributed for the equipment that is disturbed, and
Equipment is disturbed described in indicating to perform for reducing the signal processing method disturbed.
22. method according to claim 20, in addition to:According to the determination result, hold One of following processing of row:
For the communication equipment and it is described be disturbed in equipment with one of lower priority distribution with Another different frequency spectrum, and
Indicate the communication equipment and an execution being disturbed in equipment with lower priority Signal processing method for reducing the interference to another.
23. method according to claim 17, in addition to:Speed based on the communication equipment The degree estimation following motion track.
24. method according to claim 17, in addition to:Based on the expression communication equipment Interference range the first distance and the communication equipment along the following motion track by process Second distance determines the track radiation areas.
25. method according to claim 17, in addition to:
It is determined that monitoring time interval, and the monitoring time interval of determination is notified to set to described be disturbed It is standby;
Receive by the communication for being disturbed equipment according to the monitoring time interval periodic report Position, speed and the transmission power of equipment;And
Determined whether to update the track radiation areas according to the report for being disturbed equipment.
26. method according to claim 25, in addition to:A kind of feelings in situations below Under condition, it is determined that updating the track radiation areas:
The distance on border of the communication equipment away from the track radiation areas be less than or equal to the 3rd away from From, and
The distance that the following motion track is deviateed in the position of the communication equipment is less than or equal to the 4th Distance.
27. a kind of communication system, including:
The communication equipment of irregular movement;
The one or more of co-channel interference are produced with the communication equipment and are disturbed equipment, are configured as: The information relevant with frequency spectrum with the position of the communication equipment, speed, transmission power is reported to frequency spectrum Management equipment;And
The spectrum management equipment, is configured as:
The future of the communication equipment is estimated according to the position of the communication equipment and local environment Motion track;
It is determined that the rail that will be disturbed when the communication equipment is moved along the following motion track Mark radiation areas;And
For being each disturbed equipment in the track radiation areas, indicate described by dry Disturb in equipment and the communication equipment operation taken for reducing interference.
28. communication system according to claim 27, wherein, the operation include it is following in At least one:
Using from described another different frequency spectrum being disturbed in equipment and the communication equipment, and
Perform the signal processing method for reducing interference.
29. communication system according to claim 27, wherein, it is described be disturbed equipment also by Be configured to periodically be reported so that the spectrum management equipment according to the information of report determine be It is no to update the track radiation areas.
30. communication system according to claim 27, in addition to:Manage the track radiation Another spectrum management equipment of a part in region, it is configured as:
The positional information of the track radiation areas is received from the spectrum management equipment, and it is described logical Believe position, speed, transmission power and the spectrum information of equipment, and
Being disturbed described in the other frequency spectrum of equipment distribution or instruction by dry in the part managed for it Equipment is disturbed to perform for reducing the signal processing method disturbed.
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EP17156917.1A EP3232597A1 (en) 2016-04-15 2017-02-20 Spectrum management device for reducing co-frequency interference based on future trajectory estimation
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