CN107301882A - Controllable nuclear fusion device of dumbbell-shaped structure - Google Patents

Controllable nuclear fusion device of dumbbell-shaped structure Download PDF

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CN107301882A
CN107301882A CN201710439932.XA CN201710439932A CN107301882A CN 107301882 A CN107301882 A CN 107301882A CN 201710439932 A CN201710439932 A CN 201710439932A CN 107301882 A CN107301882 A CN 107301882A
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magnetic
apparatus
magnetic mirror
portion
mirror
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CN107301882B (en
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孙旭阳
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孙旭阳
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21BFUSION REACTORS
    • G21B1/00Thermonuclear fusion reactors
    • G21B1/05Thermonuclear fusion reactors with magnetic or electric plasma confinement
    • G21B1/052Thermonuclear fusion reactors with magnetic or electric plasma confinement reversed field configuration
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21BFUSION REACTORS
    • G21B1/00Thermonuclear fusion reactors
    • G21B1/05Thermonuclear fusion reactors with magnetic or electric plasma confinement
    • G21B1/055Stellarators
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21BFUSION REACTORS
    • G21B1/00Thermonuclear fusion reactors
    • G21B1/05Thermonuclear fusion reactors with magnetic or electric plasma confinement
    • G21B1/057Tokamaks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/10Fusion reactors
    • Y02E30/12Magnetic plasma confinement [MPC]
    • Y02E30/126Other reactors with MPC

Abstract

The invention discloses a controllable nuclear fusion device of a dumbbell-shaped structure. A high-temperature plasma constraining apparatus of the device comprises a magnetic mirror apparatus part and annular magnetic constraining apparatus parts. The device is characterized in that the magnetic mirror apparatus part is located at the center of the high-temperature plasma constraining apparatus; the magnetic mirror apparatus part is a magnetic mirror of a hollow cylindrical structure, or consists of multiple cylindrical magnetic mirror bodies which are uniformly arranged at the periphery; the annular magnetic constraining apparatus parts are located at two ends of the high-temperature plasma constraining apparatus; the magnetic mirror apparatus part and the annular magnetic constraining apparatus parts are combined to enable high-temperature plasmas to be communicated with each other to form the dumbbell-shaped structure. The device is effective in magnetic constraining, is simple in structure, and is low in cost.

Description

一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置 One kind of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus dumbbell structure

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及可控核聚变领域,具体说是一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of controlled nuclear fusion, in particular to a dumbbell-like structure controlled nuclear fusion apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 核聚变是根本解决人类能源问题的希望。 [0002] Fusion is to fundamentally solve the energy problems of mankind. 其主要优点:一是丰富,据测算,每升海水中含有0.03克氘,1升海水中所含的氘,经过核聚变可提供相当于300升汽油燃烧后释放出的能量。 Its main advantages: First, rich, according to estimates, 0.03 grams per liter of water containing deuterium, deuterium contained in 1 liter of seawater, through the fusion may provide the equivalent of 300 liters of gasoline combustion energy released. 地球上仅在海水中就有45万亿吨氘。 Only in seawater have 45 trillion tons of deuterium on Earth. 可以说是取之不竭的能源。 It can be said to be an inexhaustible source of energy. 二是清洁,因为它不会产生污染环境的放射性物质,所以是一种清洁能源。 The second is clean, because it does not produce radioactive pollution of the environment, it is a clean energy. 三是安全,受控核聚变反应可在稀薄的气体中持续地稳定进行,十分安全。 Third, safety, controlled nuclear fusion reaction can be carried out continuously in a thin steady gas, very safe. 实现可控核聚变的两大途径分别为磁约束和惯性约束,磁约束更加被看好。 Two ways to achieve controlled nuclear fusion were magnetic confinement and inertial confinement, magnetic confinement is more optimistic. 最有代表性的磁约束方法分别是磁镜、〃托卡马克〃和仿星器。 The most representative method are magnetically confined magnetic mirror, 〃 〃 tokamak and stellarator. 他们的主要原理和问题分别是: 1、磁镜(Magnetic Mirror)是一种中间弱、两端强的直管磁场位形。 Their main principles and problems are: 1, the magnetic mirror (Magnetic Mirror) is an intermediate weak and strong at both ends of the straight tube and magnetic field distribution. 当绕着磁力线旋进的粒子由弱磁场区进入两端的强磁场区域时,就会受到一反向力的作用。 When the precession around the magnetic field lines into the particles by a strong magnetic field across the region of weak magnetic field area, would be a reverse acting force. 这个力迫使粒子的速度减慢,轨道螺距缩短,大部分被反射回去,反射回去的粒子达管子中心区域后,又向另一端螺旋前进,达端口后又被反射回来。 This forces the velocity of the particles slows down, shortening the track pitch, the majority is reflected back, the particles reflected back central region of the tube, also the other end of the coil advance, and then is reflected back up to the port. 粒子就像光在两个镜子之间来回反射,所以称之为磁镜。 Particles of light reflecting back and forth like between the two mirrors, so called magnetic mirror. 磁镜作为最早的磁约束可控核聚变装置,优点是磁场平直,结构简单,稳态运行, m直高。 As the first magnetic mirror magnetic confinement controlled nuclear fusion apparatus, the advantage of a flat field, simple structure, steady-state operation, m vertical height. 但粒子端口损失严重,无法有效的约束,尽管采取串列磁镜等方式,但效果仍然很差。 But particles port severe losses, can not be an effective constraint, despite serial magnetic mirror, etc., but the effect is still poor.

[0003] 2、托卡马克(Tokamak):托卡马克是目前取得最好效果的磁约束可控核聚变装置。 [0003] 2, tokamak (Tokamak): Tokamak best results is controllable magnetic confinement fusion device. 托卡马克呈简单圆环状,因此无端口损失。 Tokamak simple annular shape, and therefore no loss port. 托卡马克主要靠强大的等离子电流产生磁场,与外加磁场叠加,从而产生能约束等离子体的螺旋磁力线。 Tokamak mainly by strong plasma current produced a magnetic field, superimposed on the magnetic field, thereby producing a helical magnetic field lines can be bound plasma. 欧姆线圈用于产生、建立和维持等离子体电流;极向场线圈产生的极向磁场控制等离子体截面形状和位置平衡;环向场线圈产生的环向磁场保证等离子体的宏观整体稳定性;外加的环向磁场、极向磁场、欧姆线圈磁场与等离子体电流自身产生的极向磁场一起构成磁力线旋转变换的和磁面结构嵌套的磁场位形来约束等离子体。 Ohmic coil for generating, establishing and maintaining a plasma current; very very controlled field coils to generate a magnetic field to the plasma-sectional shape and the position of equilibrium; ring generated field coils to ensure overall stability of the plasma to the macroscopic magnetic field; plus the toroidal magnetic field, the magnetic field generated by the electrode pole, the coil magnetic field and the plasma ohmic current rotational transformation itself constitutes the magnetic field lines and magnetic surface of the magnetic configuration of nested configuration with a magnetic field to confine the plasma. 同时,等离子体电流还对自身进行欧姆加热。 Meanwhile, also on the plasma current itself ohmic heating. 托卡马克是目前最成功的可控核聚变装置,“三重积”是磁镜的10000倍,仿星器的50倍。 Tokamak is the most successful means of controlled nuclear fusion, "triple product" is the magnetic mirror of 10,000 times, 50 times stellarators. 但离开可控核聚变的实现还有十几倍的差距,更重要的由于其复杂的磁场位形和控制,无论建造还是运行成本极其高昂。 But there are gaps left ten times to achieve controlled nuclear fusion, and more importantly, because of its complex magnetic field configuration and control, regardless of construction or operating costs extremely high. 建造中的国际热核实验反应堆(ITER)500兆瓦功率输出,造价从最初方案100亿美元上升到200多亿美元。 Construction of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) 500 MW power output, up from the initial program cost $ 10 billion to $ 20 billion.

[0004] 3、仿星器(stellarator):等离子体是采用外部磁线圈产生的扭曲磁感线对内部运行的等离子体进行约束的,纵向磁场和极向磁场都完全由外部线圈提供,因此理论上它的运行可以没有等离子体电流。 [0004] 3, stellarators (stellarator): Plasma is a twisted magnetic field lines generated by the external magnetic coil inside the plasma restraining operation, and a longitudinal magnetic field electrode are provided entirely by the external coil to the magnetic field, and therefore the theoretical it can not run on the plasma current. 因此可以避免很多由于电流分布带来的不稳定性,这是它的一个主要优点。 Therefore avoid a lot due to the instability caused by the current distribution, which is one of its main advantages. 但目前约束效果远远差于托卡马克,同样由于其复杂的磁场位形,制造复杂,成本高昂。 But the effect is much worse than the constraint Tokamak, also due to its complex magnetic field configuration, manufacturing complexity, costly.

[0005] 其他如反向场,场反位形,Z箍缩聚变尚不具备与托卡马克挑战的条件。 [0005] As other inverse games, trans form, Z variant does not have the band polycondensation conditions tokamak challenges.

[0006] 因此,迫切需要一种磁约束有效,控制简单,特别是成本低廉的可控核聚变装置。 [0006] Accordingly, an urgent need for an effective magnetic confinement, control is simple, inexpensive particularly controlled nuclear fusion apparatus.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007]本发明的目的就是针对上述技术问题,结合磁镜和托卡马克以及仿星器等环形磁约束装置的优点,提出一种磁约束有效、结构简单、成本低廉的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置。 [0007] The object of the present invention is for the above-mentioned technical problem, combining the advantages of an annular magnetic confinement apparatus and a magnetic mirror and tokamak stellarators like, effective to provide a magnetic confinement, simple structure, low cost a dumbbell-like structure controlled nuclear fusion apparatus.

[0008] 本发明的技术方案是:一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其约束高温等离子体装置包括磁镜装置部分和环形磁约束装置部分,其特征在于磁镜装置部分位于约束高温等离子体装置的中间,磁镜装置部分为空心圆筒状结构的磁镜,或为多个单体柱状磁镜,并绕圆周均匀排列,环形磁约束装置部分位于约束高温等离子体装置的两端,磁镜装置部分和环形磁约束装置部分组合并使得高温等离子体连通成一体形成所述的哑铃状结构;所述磁镜装置部分和环形磁约束装置部分的外磁场均由外线圈的电流提供;环形磁约束装置部分的环向磁场强度大于磁镜装置部分的磁场强度,高温等离子体主要被约束在磁镜装置部分中,磁镜装置部分两个端口逸散的高温等离子体粒子被环形磁约束装置部分较强的环向磁场阻挡,在环形磁约束装置中绕彳丁并不断被反射回磁镜 [0008] The aspect of the present invention is: A dumbbell-like structure controlled nuclear fusion apparatus, which apparatus comprises a high-temperature plasma restraint device section and the annular magnetic mirror magnetic confinement device section, wherein the magnetic mirror means restraint portion is located high temperature plasma intermediate apparatus, the magnetic part of the magnetic mirror mirror device a hollow cylindrical structure, or a plurality of columnar single magnetic mirror, and arranged uniformly around the circumference, the magnetic restraining means annular portion positioned at both ends of high-temperature plasma restraint device, magnetic mirror portion and the magnetic confinement apparatus partially assembled annular apparatus and communication such that high-temperature plasma is formed integrally into a dumbbell-like structure according to; external magnetic field of the magnetic mirror means and the annular portion of the magnetic confinement apparatus part by the outer coil current is provided; means an annular ring portion is greater than magnetic confinement field strength of the magnetic mirror device part to the magnetic field strength, temperature plasma is confined in the main part of the magnetic mirror device, a portion of the high-temperature plasma particles escaping two ports is the annular magnetic mirror magnetic confinement means device section ring block to a strong magnetic field around the annular magnetic butoxy left foot restraining means and continue to be reflected back to the magnetic mirror ;达到稳定运:彳丁状态时,环形磁约束装置部分的等离子体密度低于磁镜装置部分的等离子体密度并维持,可控核聚变反应主要在磁镜装置部分中进行。 ; Stable operation: when the left foot D state, an annular magnetic confinement apparatus of the plasma density portion is lower than the plasma density of the magnetic mirror device section and maintained, controlled nuclear fusion reaction is mainly in magnetic mirror device portion.

[0009]进一步的,上述磁镜装置部分具有中间弱、两端强的直磁场位形。 [0009] Further, the magnetic mirror means having an intermediate portion of the weak and strong at both ends of a linear magnetic field configuration.

[0010]进一步的,上述磁镜装置部分具有以中间弱、两端强的直磁场位形为主的准螺旋磁场位形。 [0010] Further, the magnetic mirror means at an intermediate portion having a weak intensity across the linear magnetic field configuration based prospective spiral magnetic field configuration.

[0011] 更进一步的,所述空心圆筒磁镜装置是在圆筒磁镜的圆柱大半径的外壁和圆柱小半径的内壁之间容纳高温等离子体。 [0011] Still further, said magnetic mirror means is a hollow cylinder housed between the high temperature plasma radius between the outer wall and the small cylindrical columnar large radius of the cylindrical magnetic mirror.

[0012] 进一步的,所述各个柱状磁镜装置是在柱体内容纳高温等离子体。 [0012] Further, each of the columnar magnetic mirror means is in the high temperature plasma column sodium content.

[0013] 进一步的,呈环形状的磁约束装置部分可以是托卡马克,仿星器,反向场聚变装置中的一种;优选托卡马克。 [0013] Further, a ring-shaped portion may be a magnetic confinement device tokamak, stellarators a reversed field fusion devices; preferably tokamak.

[0014] 本发明的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置与现有的可控核聚变技术相比有如下显著的优点: (1)主要约束为磁镜装置部分且无端口损失。 [0014] A dumbbell-like structure of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus of the present invention and a conventional controlled nuclear fusion technology has the following significant advantages: (1) primary constraint is the magnetic mirror device port portion without loss. 本方法具有直磁镜装置磁场平直、结构简单、稳态运行、0值高、成本低的优点,同时防止了端口损失。 This method has a linear field magnetic mirror means straight, simple structure, steady-state operation, the high value of 0, and low cost, while preventing the loss of the port. 通过两端环向磁场有效地阻挡了粒子的端口逸散,并且使得粒子在整个装置系统内形成了闭合轨道,实现了有效约束。 By blocking both ends of the ring port to escape effectively to the magnetic particles, and the particles are formed so that the entire device in a closed track system, to achieve an effective restraint. [0015] (2)装置投资成本大幅低于现有的环形磁约束装置。 [0015] (2) substantially lower than the conventional apparatus investment costs annular magnetic confinement device. 本方法的成本降低主要通过两种途径实现。 Reducing the cost of the method is mainly implemented in two ways. 即一方面增大磁镜装置部分的体积;另一方面减小环形磁约束装置的等离子体密度。 I.e. on the one hand increase the volume portion of the magnetic mirror means; on the other hand to reduce the plasma density annular magnetic confinement device. 由于磁镜装置的长度在理论上没有限制,设置磁镜装置部分的等离子体体积比环形磁约束装置部分的等离子体体积大很多,这样就可以用低成本的磁镜装置约束大部分的等离子体。 Since the length of the magnetic mirror means is not limited in theory, a large portion of the plasma volume of the plasma volume of the apparatus a magnetic mirror device portion than annular magnetic many constraints, you can use a low-cost magnetic mirror means restraint most plasma . 与单纯的托卡马克与仿星器相比,尽管本发明两端也有环形磁约束装置,但环形磁约束装置只起到端口阻塞的作用。 Compared to pure tokamak with stellarators, although the present invention also ends with an annular magnetic confinement means, but serve only as an annular magnetic confinement device port blocking effect. 同时设置环形磁约束装置磁场强度大于磁镜装置的磁场强度,其等离子体密度远远低于磁镜装置的等离子体密度,可以大幅度减少环形磁约束装置部分的成本。 While an annular magnetic confinement field strength greater than a magnetic field strength of the magnetic mirror device, which is much lower than the plasma density of the plasma density magnetic mirror means, can significantly reduce the cost of the apparatus portion of an annular magnetic confinement. 因此通过直线形为主与环形的组合,可控核聚变反应主要在磁镜装置中进行,大大降低了装置成本。 Therefore, by linear combination of the main ring and, controlled nuclear fusion reaction is mainly in magnetic mirror device, greatly reducing the cost of the apparatus. 举例来说,可以使得环形磁约束装置的等离子体平均密度比磁镜装置的等离子体平均密度小1〜2个数量级,同时使得磁镜装置部分的等离子体体积比环形磁约束装置部分的等离子体体积大5〜500倍。 For example, the average density of the plasma may cause the magnetic confinement apparatus of the annular magnetic mirror ratio of a plasma apparatus smaller average density of 1 to 2 orders of magnitude, while the volume of plasma so that the portion of the magnetic mirror means plasma apparatus annular portion than magnetic confinement bulky 5~500 times. ^ ^

[0016] (3)进行可控核聚变反应的主要部分在磁镜装置,因此系统总体的磁场位形平直, 稳定性强,控制简单,运行成本低。 The main part of [0016] (3) a controlled nuclear fusion reaction in the magnetic mirror means, so that the system overall magnetic field configuration flat, stable and simple control, low running costs.

[0017] 因此,本发明的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,兼具磁镜和托卡马克等环形磁约束组件的优点,是一种磁约束有效、结构简单、成本低廉的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置。 [0017] Thus, one of the dumbbell structure of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus according to the present invention, both the advantages of magnetic mirror, and the like tokamak toroidal magnetic restraint assembly, a magnetic confinement effective, simple structure, a low cost dumbbell structure of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018]图1是中间为空心圆筒状结构磁镜两端为托卡马克的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 1 is a hollow cylindrical intermediate mirrors at both ends of the magnetic structure Tokamak a dumbbell-like structure schematic structure of the apparatus controlled nuclear fusion.

[0019] 图2是中间为多个绕圆周均匀排列的单体柱状磁镜两端为托卡马克的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置结构示意图。 [0019] FIG 2 is about the middle of the plurality of magnetic cylindrical circumferential ends of the monomers, it is uniformly arranged Tokamak a dumbbell-like structure schematic structure of the apparatus controlled nuclear fusion.

[0020] 图3是中间为开缺口的空心圆筒状结构磁镜两端为托卡马克的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 3 is a hollow cylindrical shape at both ends of the intermediate magnetic mirror structure is notched into a dumbbell-like structure schematic view of a tokamak device controlled nuclear fusion.

[0021]附图标号如下: 1、托卡马克;2、托卡马克环向场线圈;3、空心圆筒状磁镜;4、磁镜螺管线圈;5、额外线圈接头;6、柱状磁镜;7、缺口约束线圈磁镜端口增强线圈;8、开缺口的空心圆筒磁镜;9缺口约束线圈磁镜纵向约束线圈。 [0021] reference numerals are as follows: 1, Tokamak; 2, tokamak toroidal field coil; 3, a hollow cylindrical magnetic mirror; 4, the magnetic mirror solenoid coil; 5, additional coil terminals; 6, columnar magnetic mirror; 7, coil gap magnetic mirror port constraint booster coil; 8, notched cylindrical hollow magnetic mirror; 9 constraint coil gap magnetic mirror coil vertical restraints.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0022]下面结合附图通过实施例对本发明作进一步说明: 实施例一: 如图1所示,一种中间为空心圆筒状磁镜装置3,两端为托卡马克,1的哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置包括:两端部分的托卡马克i,环向磁场B,由环向场线圈2产生;中间部分的空心圆筒状磁镜3,空心圆筒状磁镜的磁场^由一对内外壁电流方向相反的磁镜螺管线圈4产生,装置的其余部分与常规无殊。 [0022] DRAWINGS Examples further illustrate the present invention: Example I: As shown, an intermediate hollow cylindrical magnetic mirror device 31, both ends of the Tokamak, dumbbell 1 structure controlled nuclear fusion apparatus comprising: i tokamak both end portions, toroidal magnetic field B, generated by the toroidal field coils 2; a hollow cylindrical intermediate portion of the magnetic mirror 3, a hollow cylindrical magnetic mirror field ^ inner and outer wall of a direction opposite to the current magnetic mirror solenoid coil 4, and the rest of the conventional apparatus unremarkable.

[0023]托卡马克1大半径R=8m,小半径r=3m,等离子体中心磁场强度Be=8T;空心圆筒状磁镜3大半径R*=Sm,小半径r*=4m,长度LZ=300m,空心圆筒状磁镜3两端最高磁场Bz max=6T,空心圆筒状磁镜3中间的最弱磁场Bzmin=i9T;空心圆筒状磁镜3插入托卡马克丨并与托卡马克1连通;但由于空心圆筒状磁镜3切割了托卡马克丨的环向场线圈2,使得环向场线圈2在托卡马克1周围无法形成封闭回路,需增加额外线圈接头5;通过上述手段,等离子体得到约束并使得聚变反应得以持续进行。 [0023] tokamak a major radius R = 8m, a small radius r = 3m, the plasma center magnetic field intensity Be = 8T; magnetic mirror 3 a hollow cylindrical large radius R * = Sm, a small radius r * = 4m, length LZ = 300m, the highest magnetic mirror field hollow cylindrical ends 3 Bz max = 6T, a hollow cylindrical intermediate 3 weakest magnetic mirror field Bzmin = i9T; a hollow cylindrical magnetic mirror 3 and is inserted 入托卡马克 Shu 1 tokamak communication; but because the cylindrical hollow magnetic mirror 3 Shu cleaved tokamak toroidal field coil 2, such that the ring field coil 2 can not form a closed loop around the tokamak 1, for an additional coil terminal 5; by the means described above, to obtain the plasma and bound to the fusion reaction that continued.

[0024]实施例二: /如图2所示,一种中间为多个绕圆周均匀排列的单体柱状磁镜6两端为托卡马克丨的哑铃^结构可控核聚变装置包括:两端部分的托卡马克丨,环向磁场Be由环向场线圈2产生;中间部分的多个呈圆形均匀分布的单体柱状磁镜6,磁镜磁场&由磁镜螺管线圈4产生,装置的其余部分与常规无殊。 [0024] Example II: / As shown, an intermediate of the monomer ends 6 about a plurality of pillar-shaped magnetic mirror is circumferentially uniformly arranged Tokamak Shu dumbbell structure ^ 2 controlled nuclear fusion apparatus comprising: two Shu tokamak end portion, Be toroidal magnetic field generated by the toroidal field coils 2; a plurality of intermediate portions in monomeric circular cylindrical magnetic mirror 6 uniformly distributed, the magnetic mirror field & amp; a magnetic mirror solenoid coil 4 generating, with the rest of conventional devices unremarkable.

[0025]、托卡马克1大半径R=10m,小半gr=4m,等离子体中心磁场强度Be=11T,环向场线圈2共20并;中间部分有2〇个柱状磁镜5,分别在托卡马克i每一并的环向场线圈2之间均匀插入并与托卡马克1连通,柱状磁镜5两端最高磁场Bz max=9.5T,柱状磁镜5中间最弱磁场Bz min =3.5T,每个柱状磁镜5的等离子体截面积为4m2,柱状磁镜5长度Lz=35〇m;通过上述手段,等离子体得到约束并使得聚变反应得以持续进行。 [0025], 1 tokamak large radius R = 10m, less than half gr = 4m, plasma center magnetic field intensity Be = 11T, toroidal field coil 2 and a total of 20; the intermediate portion has a columnar 2〇 magnetic mirror 5, respectively, and each of i tokamak toroidal field coil uniformly inserted between 2 and communicates with a tokamak, mirror highest magnetic field lenticular ends 5 Bz max = 9.5T, an intermediate cylindrical magnetic mirror 5 weakest magnetic field Bz min = 3.5T, each of the column cross-sectional area of ​​plasma magnetic mirror 5 is 4m2, lenticular Lz = the length of the magnetic mirror 5 35〇m; by the means described above, to obtain the plasma and bound to the fusion reaction that continued.

[0026]实施例三: 如图3所示,一种中间为开缺口的空心圆筒状磁镜8与两端为托卡马克丨组合成的哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置包括:两端部分的托卡马克i,环向磁场B0由环向场线圈2产生;中间开缺口的空心圆筒状磁镜8,磁镜磁场^由一对内外壁电流方向相反的磁镜螺管线圈4产生,装置的其余部分与常规无殊。 [0026] Example Three: As shown, an intermediate for the notched cylindrical hollow magnetic mirror 8 and the both ends of the Tokamak Shu combined into a dumbbell-like structure 3 controlled nuclear fusion apparatus comprising: at both ends i tokamak portion, toroidal magnetic field B0 generated by the toroidal field coils 2; notched intermediate hollow cylindrical magnetic mirror 8, ^ by a magnetic mirror field current direction opposite to the outer wall of inner magnetic mirror solenoid coil 4 generating, with the rest of conventional devices unremarkable.

[0027] 托卡马克1大半径R=8m,小半径r=3m,等离子体中心磁场强度Be=9T;开缺口的空心圆筒磁纟見8大半径R*=7 • 3m,小半径r*=3m,磁镜8长度Lz=280m,磁镜8两端最高磁场Bz max= 8.5T,磁镜8中间最弱磁场Bzmin=4. IT;插入托卡马克1并与托卡马克1连通,开缺口的空心圆筒磁镜8在与托卡马克1连通处缩颈;本实施例通过开缺口的方式使得环向场线圈2在托卡马克1周围形成封闭回路;同时在缺口处分别加上缺口约束线圈A磁镜端口增强线圈7与缺口约束线圈B磁镜纵向约束线圈9,以控制磁场的位形•,通过上述手段,等离子体得到约束并使得聚变反应得以持续进行。 [0027] tokamak a major radius R = 8m, a small radius r = 3m, the plasma center magnetic field intensity Be = 9T; notched magnetic hollow cylinder 8 Si see a large radius R * = 7 • 3m, a small radius r * = 3m, magnetic mirror 8 length Lz = 280m, the magnetic mirror field 8 ends up Bz max = 8.5T, the weakest magnetic field intermediate mirror 8 Bzmin = 4 IT;. interposed 入托卡马克 1 1 and communicates with the tokamak , notched cylindrical hollow magnetic mirror 8 communicates with a constriction at the tokamak; embodiment according to the present embodiment by way of the opening such that the ring gap to the field coil 2 is formed around the closed loop tokamak 1; simultaneously at the notch a notch plus bound magnetic mirror coil 7 and the coil gap port reinforcing coil B constraint constraint longitudinal magnetic mirror coil 9, a magnetic field to control the shape • bit, by the means described above, to obtain the plasma and bound to the fusion reaction that continued.

[0028] 实施例四: 一种中间为多个呈圆形均匀分布的单体片柱状磁镜两端为托卡马克的哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置包括:两端部分的仿星器装置,中间部分的磁镜装置,磁镜磁场队由磁镜螺管线圈产生,装置的其余部分与常规无殊。 [0028] Example IV: as an intermediate in monomeric plurality of lenticular sheets at both ends of the magnetic mirror is uniformly distributed circular dumbbell structure controllable Tokamak nuclear fusion apparatus comprising: means Stellarator both end portions , the intermediate portion of the magnetic mirror means by a magnetic mirror field force solenoid coil generating the magnetic mirror, the rest of the conventional apparatus unremarkable.

[0029] 仿星器总长度50m,等离子体中心磁场强度10 • 5T,环向场线圈20并;中间部分有10 个柱状磁镜,分别在仿星器每两并环向场线圈之间均匀插入并与仿星器连通,磁镜两端最高磁场Bz max=9 • 5T,磁镜中间最弱磁场Bz min=3 • 5T,每片磁镜主要部分的等离子体截面积为5m2,磁镜长度Lz=200m;通过上述手段,等离子体得到约束并使得聚变反应得以持续进行。 [0029] Stellarator total length 50m, plasma center magnetic field strength 10 • 5T, and toroidal field coil 20; the intermediate portion 10 has a cylindrical magnetic mirror, respectively, in each of two stellarators and uniformly to the ring between the field coil insert and communicates with the stellarator, ends up mirror magnetic field Bz max = 9 • 5T, intermediate weakest magnetic mirror field Bz min = 3 • 5T, plasma sectional area of ​​each piece of a main part of a magnetic mirror is 5m2, magnetic mirror length Lz = 200m; by the means described above, to obtain the plasma and bound to the fusion reaction that continued.

Claims (6)

1.一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其约束高温等离子体装置包括磁镜装置部分和环形磁约束装置部分,其特征在于磁镜装置部分位于约束高温等离子体装置的中间,磁镜装置部分为空心圆筒状结构的磁镜,或为多个单体柱状磁镜,并绕圆周均匀排列,环形磁约束装置部分位于约束高温等离子体装置的两端,磁镜装置部分和环形磁约束装置部分组合并使得高温等离子体连通成一体形成所述的哑铃状结构;所述磁镜装置部分和环形磁约束装置部分的外磁场均由外线圈的电流提供;环形磁约束装置部分的环向磁场强度大于磁镜装置部分的磁场强度,高温等离子体主要被约束在磁镜装置部分中,磁镜装置部分两个端口逸散的高温等离子体粒子被环形磁约束装置部分较强的环向磁场阻挡,在环形磁约束装置中绕行并不断被反射回磁镜;达到稳定运行状态时,环 A dumbbell-shaped structure controlled nuclear fusion apparatus, which apparatus comprises a high-temperature plasma restraint magnetic mirror means portion and an annular magnetic confinement, characterized by magnetic mirror means restraint portion is located intermediate the high temperature plasma apparatus, the magnetic mirror means moiety is a hollow cylindrical magnetic mirror structure, or a plurality of columnar single magnetic mirror, and arranged uniformly around the circumference, an annular magnetic confinement apparatus restraint portion is positioned at both ends of the high-temperature plasma apparatus, and the annular magnetic mirror magnetic confinement device section It means that the high-temperature plasma and part of communication composition into a dumbbell-like structure integrally formed claim; external magnetic field of the magnetic mirror means and the annular portion of the magnetic confinement apparatus part by the outer coil provides a current; means the portion of the annular ring magnetic confinement magnetic field strength greater than the strength of the magnetic mirror device section, high temperature plasma is confined in the main part of the magnetic mirror device, a portion of the high-temperature plasma particles escaping two ports strong magnetic mirror means is an annular portion of the magnetic confinement apparatus of toroidal magnetic field blocking, magnetically confined in the annular bypass apparatus and continue to be reflected back into the magnetic mirror; upon reaching steady state operation, the ring 磁约束装置部分的等离子体密度低于磁镜装置部分的等离子体密度并维持,可控核聚变反应主要在磁镜装置部分中进行。 Plasma density portion of the device below the plasma density magnetic confinement apparatus of the magnetic mirror portion and maintain, a controlled nuclear fusion reaction is mainly in magnetic mirror device portion.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其特征在于所述磁镜装置部分具有中间弱、两端强的直磁场位形。 One kind of dumbbell-like structure according to claim 1, controlled nuclear fusion apparatus, wherein said magnetic mirror means having a portion intermediate the weak and strong at both ends of a linear magnetic field configuration.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其特征在于所述磁镜装置部分具有以中间弱、两端强的直磁场位形为主的准螺旋磁场位形。 A dumbbell-shaped structure according to claim 1 controlled nuclear fusion apparatus, wherein said magnetic mirror means at an intermediate portion having a weak, strong direct magnetic field configuration across the main magnetic field configuration of the quasi-helical .
4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其特征在于所述所述空心圆筒磁镜装置是在圆筒磁镜的圆柱大半径的外壁和圆拄小半径的内壁之间容纳高温等离子体。 4. According to one of the dumbbell structure of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus of claim 1, wherein said magnetic mirror means is a hollow cylinder in the large radius cylindrical outer wall of the cylindrical magnetic mirror of a small radius and a circle Zhu accommodated between the inner high-temperature plasma.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其特征在于所述各个柱状磁镜装置是在柱体内容纳高温等离子体。 5. According to one of the dumbbell structure of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus according to claim 1, wherein each of said columnar magnetic mirror means is in the high temperature plasma column sodium content. ,
6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种哑铃状结构可控核聚变装置,其特征在于所述呈环形状的磁约束装置部分可以是托卡马克,仿星器,反向场聚变装置中的一种;优选托卡马克。 6. According to one of the dumbbell structure of controlled nuclear fusion apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said magnetic confinement ring shape may be a tokamak device section, stellarators, reversed field of fusion devices one kind; preferably tokamak.
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