CN107300897A - A kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method - Google Patents

A kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107300897A
CN107300897A CN201710573820.3A CN201710573820A CN107300897A CN 107300897 A CN107300897 A CN 107300897A CN 201710573820 A CN201710573820 A CN 201710573820A CN 107300897 A CN107300897 A CN 107300897A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
electrical equipment
information
power consumption
server
management program
Prior art date
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CN201710573820.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邵柳东
Original Assignee
宁波三星医疗电气股份有限公司
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Application filed by 宁波三星医疗电气股份有限公司 filed Critical 宁波三星医疗电气股份有限公司
Priority to CN201710573820.3A priority Critical patent/CN107300897A/en
Publication of CN107300897A publication Critical patent/CN107300897A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R11/00Electromechanical arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power, i.e. electric energy or current, e.g. of consumption
    • G01R11/56Special tariff meters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R22/00Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. by electricity meters
    • G01R22/06Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. by electricity meters by electronic methods
    • G01R22/10Arrangements for measuring time integral of electric power or current, e.g. by electricity meters by electronic methods using digital techniques
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/418Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM]
    • G05B19/4185Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by the network communication
    • G05B19/41855Total factory control, i.e. centrally controlling a plurality of machines, e.g. direct or distributed numerical control [DNC], flexible manufacturing systems [FMS], integrated manufacturing systems [IMS], computer integrated manufacturing [CIM] characterised by the network communication by local area network [LAN], network structure
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05FSYSTEMS FOR REGULATING ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G05F1/00Automatic systems in which deviations of an electric quantity from one or more predetermined values are detected at the output of the system and fed back to a device within the system to restore the detected quantity to its predetermined value or values, i.e. retroactive systems
    • G05F1/66Regulating electric power
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/26Pc applications
    • G05B2219/2639Energy management, use maximum of cheap power, keep peak load low
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/20Pc systems
    • G05B2219/26Pc applications
    • G05B2219/2642Domotique, domestic, home control, automation, smart house

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method, by the way that the technology of Internet of Things and intelligent electric meter are implemented in combination with into the control to household electricity equipment, electrical equipment is when opening, by detecting corresponding data information, and the statistics for passing through processor, analysis, it is compared after calculating with default Rule of judgment in judging unit, and draw judged result, execution units in server select electrical equipment management program according to judged result and feed back to intelligent electric meter, the change including the active change to electrical equipment use state and passive-type to electrical equipment use state in feedback of described electrical equipment management program, on the one hand user is improved in the awareness of saving energy using electrical equipment by active and passive mode, avoid the waste of electric energy and reduce the great number electricity charge, on the other hand it also ensure that under power supply circuit of the electrical equipment when in use in safety, improve the safety and reliability that electrical equipment is used.

Description

A kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method

Technical field

The present invention relates to electrical equipment control technology field, more particularly to a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and pipe Reason method.

Background technology

With the popularization and the development of technology of Internet of things of smart home concept, people are increasingly focused on more intelligent The mode of change manages each electrical equipment in family, with continuing to develop for intelligent control technology, and increasing electricity consumption is set Standby to be attached by the management equipment communicated with electrical equipment, realization is automatically controlled, so as in energy-saving and environmental protection, relax The management of adaptive and convenient aspect of performance to electrical equipment is greatly improved.

In order to ensure control effect, when carrying out intelligent control to electrical equipment by management equipment, it usually needs monitoring The real-time status of electrical equipment, still, either traditional ammeter or intelligent electric meter, can only all reflect whole household electricity Summation, it is impossible to accurately calculate and reflect the power consumption condition of each electrical equipment;In addition, the rated voltage of electrical equipment institute standard configuration and Power-handling capability can not allow people clearly to know the power consumption of electrical equipment, even and if some refrigerators are provided with nominal power consumption numerical quantity, But in actual use, can be because of the influence of other factors, and there is mistake in the reference value for causing actual power consumption amount and being provided Difference, the electrical equipment power consumption summed up according to daily experience is inaccurate, poor reliability;Meanwhile, along with the work(of household electrical appliance Can be more and more, current consuming apparatus requires also more and more higher to the quality of power supply of power supply circuit, and the unstability of power supply circuit also can Normal use of electrical equipment is affected.

Meanwhile, the power of household electrical appliance is also increasing, with household electrical appliance increase and electricity price staged set, Sometimes because useless electric equipment power consumption causes to cause the electricity charge more power consumption is excessive, the wave of resource is on the one hand caused Take, the opposing party also causes user power utilization cost too high.

The content of the invention

For above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method.

The technical proposal of the invention is realized in this way:

A kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, including intelligent electric meter, electrical equipment, described intelligent electric meter are detected and anti- Present the real-time electricity consumption status information of each electrical equipment and total power consumption of each electrical equipment, intelligent electric meter and server By realizing communication connection by communication unit, the electrical equipment management program that intelligent electric meter is sent according to the reception server to The use state of electric equipment is adjusted, and server is connected by communication unit with terminal called, and described terminal is configured as To server typing electrical equipment information and electrical equipment management program, the regulation to electrical equipment is realized.

Described intelligent electric meter includes CPU processor, CPU processor and instantaneous electricity price receiving unit, instantaneous electricity charge information Accumulated unit, power consumption collecting unit, the electrical connection of power quality analysis module, described instantaneous electricity price receiving unit are used to receive The information for the electricity charge for being changed and being collected for power consumption based on electrical equipment electric power consumption;Instantaneous electricity charge information Accumulated unit is used for the instantaneous electricity charge information of accumulation that accumulation electrical equipment is consumed under the effect of instantaneous electricity price;Power consumption collecting unit For detecting electric signal, power consumption and electrical equipment total power consumption that electrical equipment is produced in unlatching;Described electric energy Quality analysis module carries out Power Quality Detection analysis to the power supply circuit of electrical equipment UNICOM, and CPU processor will be collected Instantaneous electricity price information, the instantaneous electricity charge information of accumulation, electrical signal information, power consumption information, total power consumption information and electric energy matter Amount information feeds back to server by the communication module of intelligent electric meter.

Described server includes processor, and the processing module of processor includes information receiving unit, electrical equipment information Database, judging unit and execution unit, described information receiving unit are sent out to receive the CPU processor of intelligent electric meter The collection information sent;Described electrical equipment information database is to store the information that electrical equipment is normally used;Described sentences Disconnected unit be configured as the information that receives information receiving unit with judging unit default Rule of judgment be compared, and Draw judged result;Described execution units select electrical equipment management program according to judged result and feed back to intelligent electricity Table, realizes the power supply management to electrical equipment;Server is judged according to the information and the judging unit of server that receive Compare, and draw judged result, server selects corresponding electrical equipment management program according to judged result by execution unit Feed back to the CPU processor of intelligent electric meter.

Described terminal includes input block, display unit, recording unit and Tip element, and described input block is used To input the control instruction such as relevant information and electrical equipment management program into the period of service;Described display unit is configured as The use state information and power consumption information of current power equipment are shown, described recording unit is configured as user's selection and used The electrical equipment management program crossed;Described Tip element is configured as issuing the user with prompt message;It is defeated by input block Enter and the electrical equipment management program of recording unit records is stored in the memory cell in server, memory cell The electrical equipment management program of storage realizes the controls such as editor, change, preservation, deletion by terminal.

The server realizes that communication is connected with cloud storage by communication unit, and server can be according to electrical equipment power consumption The information of electrical equipment downloads applicable electrical equipment management program, letter of the user in electrical equipment from cloud storage in detecting system Breath is when putting on record, searches for the normal operating condition information of electrical equipment by cloud storage and is downloaded to the electricity consumption set on server and sets Standby information database, user is uploaded to cloud storage by the electrical equipment management program of terminal editor by communication unit.

A kind of management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detection system as described above System, its management method includes the steps:

ST1:Open electrical equipment;

ST2:Judge whether electrical equipment puts on record in server;If so, then entering ST3, if it is not, then entering to electrical equipment Row is put on record, is transferred to again after putting on record and judges whether electrical equipment puts on record in server;

ST3:Judge whether the use of electrical equipment exceedes default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value;If It is that then server is adjusted to the management program of electrical equipment, the electrical equipment used after adjustment is judged whether again full The default power consumption threshold value of foot and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value;If it is not, then entering ST4;

ST4:Judge whether the quality of power supply of power supply for electrical equipment circuit meets the requirement normally used;If it is not, then to The circuit of electric equipment connection is adjusted, and judges whether the quality of power supply meets just again to the circuit that electrical equipment after adjustment is connected The requirement often used;If so, then entering ST5;

ST5:The electrical equipment being unlocked normally starts.

It is preferred that, in step ST2, if server does not detect the record information of electrical equipment, point out user couple Electrical equipment carries out typing, and user carries out typing according to the normal information that uses of electrical equipment, or user by terminal from Download the information that corresponding electrical equipment is normally used in cloud storage, described record information include device numbering, rated power, Quality of power supply information under rated operational voltage, rated operational current and electrical equipment normal operating condition, described electricity consumption The record information of equipment is stored in the electrical equipment information database of server after putting on record.

Further, in step ST3, if exceeding default power consumption threshold value and/or wink during the use of electrical equipment When electricity price threshold value, terminal issues the user with alarm sounds by Tip element, in the Δ T time that alarm sounds are acted on, user The either direct opening and closing to the switch of electrical equipment to electrical equipment is adjusted by terminal-pair electrical equipment to be adjusted, So as to realize being adjusted to electrical equipment management program for active;If in the Δ T time that alarm sounds are acted on, electrical equipment Management program is not adjusted, then server enters according to default electrical equipment management program in memory cell to electrical equipment Row adjustment, realization is passive to be adjusted to electrical equipment management program so that the power consumption when electrical equipment after adjustment is opened Power and/or the statistical value of instantaneous electricity price information meet the requirement of default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value.

It is preferred that, in step ST4, the CPU processor in intelligent electric meter controls circuit realiration pair by shunting relay The circuit control of electrical equipment, if the quality of power supply and the information of default electrical equipment normal work that server 3 is received are not When being consistent, then CPU processor control compensation circuit module controls circuit communication with shunting relay, passes through compensation circuit module pair Electrical equipment compensates power supply;If the quality of power supply that server 3 is received meet the normal of electrical equipment in use, if CPU Processor directly controls circuit to be powered electrical equipment by shunting relay.

Further, described electrical equipment management program user is according to the habits and customs of oneself and the species of household electrical appliance Edited with quantity, the electrical equipment management program of editor is including the use of period feature, power bracket feature and pressure Feature is performed, in each electrical equipment management program, the priority authority of electrical equipment is different, opens same electricity consumption and sets Standby use state is also differed.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:The present invention uses the technology of Internet of Things and being implemented in combination with to family for intelligent electric meter The control of electrical equipment, by formally being put on record in equipment using the preceding normal use information to electrical equipment, then electricity consumption Equipment is when opening, by detecting corresponding data information, and by after the statistics of processor, analysis, calculating with judging unit Default Rule of judgment is compared, and show that the execution units in judged result, server are selected according to judged result Electrical equipment management program simultaneously feeds back to intelligent electric meter, described electrical equipment management program include in feedback it is active to Change of the change and passive-type of electric equipment use state to electrical equipment use state, realizes the power supply pipe to electrical equipment Reason, on the one hand improves user in the awareness of saving energy using electrical equipment, it is to avoid the wave of electric energy by active and passive mode Take and reduce the great number electricity charge that user is produced due to superelevation power consumption, on the other hand also ensure that electrical equipment is in when in use Under the power supply circuit of safety, the safety and reliability that electrical equipment is used is improved.

Brief description of the drawings

In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is a kind of applied environment figure of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the functional block of the intelligent electric meter described in a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method of the invention Figure;

Fig. 3 is the server and terminal UNICOM described in a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method of the invention Functional block diagram;

Fig. 4 is a kind of management method flow chart of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system of the invention;

Fig. 5 is a kind of implementing procedure figure of the management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system of the invention;

Wherein:1st, intelligent electric meter, 2, electrical equipment, 3, server, 4, cloud storage, 5, terminal, 6, communication unit.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not paid Embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Embodiment 1, as shown in figure 1, the invention discloses a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, including intelligent electric meter 1, Multiple electrical equipments 2, described intelligent electric meter 1 detects and fed back the real-time electricity consumption status information of each electrical equipment 2 and each Total power consumption of individual electrical equipment 2, intelligent electric meter 1 is connected with server 3 by realizing to communicate by communication unit 6, intelligence The electrical equipment management program that ammeter 1 is sent according to the reception server 3 is adjusted to the use state of electrical equipment 2, service Device 3 is connected by communication unit 6 with the communication of terminal 5, and described terminal 5 is configured as to the typing electrical equipment information of server 3 And electrical equipment management program.Wherein, electrical equipment 2 can be smart machine or unintelligent device, electrical equipment 2 need the Data Enter of electrical equipment normal work to server, including device numbering, rated power, volume before the use The information such as fixed working voltage, rated operational current;Described terminal 5 can be the fixed terminals such as desktop computer or flat board, The mobile terminals such as smart mobile phone;Intelligent electric meter 1 can detect the electric signal produced during the unlatching of each electrical equipment 2, total power consumption Amount, the instantaneous electricity price information in the unit interval, instantaneous electricity charge cumulative information and power supply for electrical equipment circuit in the unit interval Quality of power supply information, and by the feedback of the information detected to server, server can analyze correspondence by receiving above- mentioned information Whether real-time power consumption information, the power supply circuit quality of power supply of electrical equipment meet default threshold information, and then to intelligent electric meter The instruction of corresponding electrical equipment management program is sent, realization is automatically controlled to electrical equipment.User can also pass through terminal 5 The electricity consumption situation of electrical equipment is checked, it is selective that the control such as force start or positive closing is carried out to electrical equipment, it is easy to The demand that variation of the user to electrical equipment is used.

As shown in figures 2-3, as one embodiment of the present of invention, there is provided a kind of intelligent electric meter 1, described intelligent electric meter 1 Including CPU processor, CPU processor and instantaneous electricity price receiving unit, instantaneous electricity charge information accumulated unit, power consumption collection are single Member, the electrical connection of power quality analysis module, described instantaneous electricity price receiving unit, which is used to receive, is based on electrical equipment power consumption The information for the electricity charge for measuring and changing and being collected for power consumption;Instantaneous electricity charge information accumulated unit is used for accumulation electricity consumption The instantaneous electricity charge information of accumulation that equipment is consumed under the effect of instantaneous electricity price;Power consumption collecting unit is used to detect that electrical equipment is being opened Electric signal, power consumption and the electrical equipment total power consumption produced when opening;Described power quality analysis module is set to electricity consumption The power supply circuit of standby UNICOM carries out Power Quality Detection analysis, the described quality of power supply include phase/line voltage total harmonic distortion factor, Phase/line voltage each harmonic component, crest factor, current total harmonic distortion rate, voltage unbalance factor, current unbalance factor, confession Electric continuity, which dodges, moves back the information such as frequency;CPU processor by the instantaneous electricity price information collected, accumulate instantaneous electricity charge information, telecommunications Number information, power consumption information, total power consumption information and quality of power supply information are fed back to by the communication module of intelligent electric meter 1 Server 3, server 3 carries out judgement with the judging unit of server 3 according to the information received and compared, logical according to comparative result The CPU processor that execution unit selects corresponding electrical equipment management program to feed back to intelligent electric meter 1 is crossed, CPU processor is performed Electrical equipment management program automatically controls so as to realize to electrical equipment.

In embodiment of the present invention, described instantaneous electricity price receiving unit is determined by the communication module of intelligent electric meter Phase or the newest instantaneous electricity price information of irregular reception, by the instantaneous electricity price information in a measurement period in timing statisticses The average value of interior instantaneous electricity price per minute, as this time circulate in instantaneous electricity price information statistical value, it may be considered that for example with Every 2 minutes, 5 minutes, 7 minutes, the time interval that circulates successively again for 10 minutes receive instantaneous electricity price information, each circulation is asked Go out the average value of instantaneous electricity price per minute in timing statisticses, the statistical value of interior instantaneous electricity price information is circulated as this time, is being sentenced When whether disconnected electrical equipment meets default instantaneous electricity price threshold value, be also with the statistical value as judge numerical value with it is default instantaneous Electricity price threshold value is judged;Accumulate statistics of the instantaneous electricity charge information according to the instantaneous electricity price received in the electrical equipment power consumption time Value obtains accumulating instantaneous electricity charge information with the use power of electrical equipment and the product of power consumption time.

Described electric signal can all be produced after referring to the voltage and/or electric current of time to time change, the same electricity of any electrical equipment Raw electric signal, different electricity consumptions start to write generation electric signal it is different, the power consumption collecting unit of intelligent electric meter is able to detect that use The electric signal that electric equipment is produced, and the electric signal collected is fed back into server, the processor of server by electric signal from when Domain is transformed into frequency domain, calculates the corresponding harmonic characteristic of the electric signal, so that the numbering and title of the corresponding device are obtained, for side Just electrical equipment is managed, Unified number is carried out in typing information to each electrical equipment, each electrical equipment All it is assigned only one device numbering.In the present embodiment, what power consumption collecting unit was detected is the telecommunications of electrical equipment Number it is the function of time, the electric signal detected is sent to server by the CPU processor of intelligent electric meter, and server first should Electric signal description is transformed into frequency domain from time domain, and the harmonic wave for obtaining electric signal in frequency domain is represented, is obtained by trigonometric function operation humorous The amplitude and phase value of ripple, and then obtain the corresponding harmonic characteristic value of the electric signal, server storage have harmonic characteristic value with The numbering of electrical equipment and the corresponding relation of title, so as to obtain the state for the one or more electrical equipments currently opened.

In the present embodiment, intelligent electric meter always records the corresponding total power consumption value of Each point in time, and server can root The time parameter run according to the instantaneous power and electrical equipment of electrical equipment calculates the power consumption for obtaining electrical equipment, and passes through The instantaneous electricity price information that instantaneous electricity price receiving unit is obtained obtains accumulating instantaneous electricity charge information, and the CPU processor of intelligent electric meter connects Receive the power consumption for the electrical equipment that server is fed back and accumulate instantaneous electricity charge information and shown on the display unit, So that user can intuitively obtain the power consumption state of electrical equipment, it is easy to the control electricity of user's active accommodation electrical equipment Road, reaches the purpose of energy-conservation.

As some embodiments of the present invention, described CPU processor by shunting relay control circuit realiration to The circuit control of electric equipment, if the information of the quality of power supply that receives of server 3 and default electrical equipment normal work not phase Fu Shi, then CPU processor control compensation circuit module and shunting relay control circuit communication, by compensation circuit module to Electric equipment compensates power supply;If the quality of power supply that server 3 is received meet the normal of electrical equipment in use, if at CPU Reason device directly controls circuit to be powered electrical equipment by shunting relay.It is used as embodiments of the invention, described point Road control relay circuit controls the electrical equipment of at least more than one, real by the power supply circuit of break-make and electrical equipment UNICOM Now to the power supply control of electrical equipment, described compensation circuit module includes energy-storage module and compensation circuit unit, energy-storage module The electric energy of middle storage is as the power supply unit of compensation circuit unit, it is necessary to when being charged to energy-storage module, be connect according to server Receive instantaneous electricity price information it is relatively low when, CPU processor control power supply circuit energy-storage module is charged.The setting discloses one The power supply of compensation circuit module is planted, on the one hand energy-storage module stores electric energy when instantaneous electricity price is relatively low, reduce energy Loss, realizes the purpose of energy-conservation, on the other hand also ensure that the normal of electrical equipment is used, electrical equipment is protected so as to play Effect, improve electrical equipment service life.

It is preferred that, if CPU processor control control compensation circuit module is powered to electrical equipment, intelligent electric meter 1 power consumption collecting unit reads the respective power consumption of the energy-storage module of main power supply circuit and compensation circuit module respectively, described CPU processor when judging that the power supply circuit power consumption of main power supply circuit and compensation circuit module is all effective, compensation circuit module Power supply circuit is then judged as efficient circuit when the instantaneous electricity price of discharge and recharge is consistent;If the instantaneous electricity price of discharge and recharge is inconsistent, it is judged as Idle circuit, is translated into corresponding efficient circuit, and then power consumption is united by server statistics, analysis, calculating Meter, then by main power supply circuit and the power consumption of compensation circuit module add up obtains the total power consumption of electrical equipment;If at CPU Reason device directly controls main power supply circuit to be powered electrical equipment by shunting relay, then PU processors are according to main power supply electricity Road power consumption information is the total power consumption of electrical equipment.

As some embodiments of the present invention, described server 3 includes processor, and the processing module of processor includes letter Receiving unit, electrical equipment information database, judging unit and execution unit are ceased, described information receiving unit is to connect Receive the instantaneous electricity price information collected that the CPU processor of intelligent electric meter 1 sends, accumulate instantaneous electricity charge information, electrical signal information, Power consumption information, total power consumption information and quality of power supply information;Described electrical equipment information database is to store use The information that electric equipment is normally used, including device numbering, rated power, rated operational voltage, rated operational current and electricity consumption Quality of power supply information under equipment normal operating condition;Described judging unit is configured as the letter for receiving information receiving unit Breath with judging unit default Rule of judgment be compared, and draw judged result;Described execution units according to Judged result selects electrical equipment management program and feeds back to intelligent electric meter, the power supply management to electrical equipment is realized, in this hair In bright described embodiment, described Rule of judgment includes judging whether electrical equipment puts on record in server, judge that electricity consumption is set Whether standby use meets default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value, the electricity for judging power supply for electrical equipment circuit Can quality whether meet other Rule of judgment such as the demand that normally uses, the setting discloses a kind of server of electrical equipment, uses To support the normal operation that whole electrical equipment power consumption is detected and management is controlled.

It is preferred that, described terminal 5 includes input block, display unit, recording unit and Tip element, and described is defeated Enter unit to be used for into the period of service inputting the control instruction such as relevant information and electrical equipment management program;Described display unit It is configured as showing the use state information and power consumption information of current power equipment, described recording unit is configured as user Select used electrical equipment management program;Described Tip element is to issue the user with prompt message;It is single by inputting The electrical equipment management program of member input and recording unit records is stored in the memory cell in server, memory cell The electrical equipment management program of memory storage realizes the controls such as editor, change, preservation, deletion by terminal.The setting discloses one The terminal of the management to realize electrical equipment power consumption detection is planted, the convenience that user is managed electrical equipment is greatly improved.

In embodiment of the present invention, electrical equipment generally comprises air-conditioning, refrigerator, micro-wave oven, washing machine, hanging The users such as machine, lampblack absorber, household electricity illuminating lamp, water heater, TV, computer can be as desired by connecting power switch Or the device of working condition is disconnected and is placed on, user, can be by electrical equipment in clothes before formally using electrical equipment Put on record in business device, by the device numbering of electrical equipment, rated power, rated operational voltage, rated operational current, normal work Make the normal operating conditions information such as the electric signal harmonic characteristic value under state to store to server, user can be according to the life of oneself Custom living, edits corresponding comprising usage time interval feature, power bracket feature and the electrical equipment management of compulsory execution feature Program, in each electrical equipment management program, the priority authority of electrical equipment is different, opens same electrical equipment Use state is also differed.Such as at night 6 points to 11 points, user's custom is had a bath, cooked, seeing TV, reading, then at this In the section time, using comprising having a bath, cook, see TV, the electrical equipment of reading function is numbered and is used as the high electricity consumption of a priority Device manager, when user opens more electrical equipment within this time, reaches the power consumption threshold value of user preset And/or during instantaneous electricity price threshold value, then server priority ensures the high electrical equipment normal power-up of priority, closes inessential in good time The electrical equipment of energization, if desired closes the electrical equipment being in just in a state of use, and operation program is not over, Such as washing machine, the then pause of the electrical equipment is used firstly the need of being confirmed whether to suspend by user, when user is without operation When, then the use of server silently is default is adjusted to electrical equipment management journey to electrical equipment, and by the pause information User is fed back to, points out user to re-operate the function of the electrical equipment;If the electrical equipment being unlocked open when by with Electric equipment management program is defaulted as being to need the electrical equipment of change use state, such as washing machine, then server believes this Breath feeds back to user, and user can select to enforce, and can also receive the feedback opinion of server, waits until the suitable time Section according to default electrical equipment management program automatic start electrical equipment again, if user in predetermined time period without choosing Select, be then defaulted as receiving the feedback opinion of server;So that the power consumption information that electrical equipment is used is in default value range Within, so as to realize the purpose of actively energy-conservation;If user thinks that electrical equipment necessarily be under normally open, in electrical equipment The electrical equipment is set to priority in management program normally opened;If user is interim raw in winged routine to some electrical equipment Used in custom living, can be according to the terminal force start electrical equipment.

It is preferred that, described server 3 realizes that communication is connected with cloud storage 4 by communication unit 6, and server 3 being capable of root Applicable electrical equipment management program is downloaded from cloud storage 4 according to the information of electrical equipment 2 in electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, is used Family can also be uploaded to cloud storage 4 by the electrical equipment management program of terminal editor, and the setting further ensures user can The need for according to oneself, the electrical equipment management program for selecting oneself applicable rationally utilizes electric energy, guarantee electricity consumption so as to reach The normal use of equipment and the diversity used, further reach the purpose of using electricity wisely.

Embodiment 2, as shown in Figures 4 and 5, the invention discloses a kind of electrical equipment management method, including:

ST1:Open electrical equipment;

ST2:Judge whether electrical equipment puts on record in server;If so, then entering ST3, if it is not, then entering to electrical equipment Row is put on record, is transferred to again after putting on record and judges whether electrical equipment puts on record in server;

ST3:Judge whether the use of electrical equipment exceedes default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value;If It is that then server is adjusted to the management program of electrical equipment, the electrical equipment used after adjustment is judged whether again full The default power consumption threshold value of foot and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value;If it is not, then entering ST4;

ST4:Judge whether the quality of power supply of power supply for electrical equipment circuit meets the requirement normally used;If it is not, then to The circuit of electric equipment connection is adjusted, and judges whether the quality of power supply meets just again to the circuit that electrical equipment after adjustment is connected The requirement often used;If so, then entering ST5.

ST5:The electrical equipment being unlocked normally starts.

Specifically, in step ST2, if server does not detect the record information of electrical equipment, pointing out user couple Electrical equipment carries out typing, and user can carry out typing according to the normal information used of electrical equipment, can also utilize terminal 5 The information that corresponding electrical equipment is normally used is downloaded from cloud storage 4 by communication unit 6, described record information includes setting The quality of power supply under standby numbering, rated power, rated operational voltage, rated operational current and electrical equipment normal operating condition Information, the record information of described electrical equipment is stored in the electrical equipment information database of server, the side of prompting after putting on record Method includes prompt tone prompting, a variety of prompting modes of alarming lamp prompt lamp, and the setting, which further ensures the normal of electrical equipment, to be made With, it is to avoid electrical equipment is used under the non-applicable quality of power supply, so as to influence the life-span of electrical equipment.

Further, electrical equipment is after server is put on record, and intelligent electric meter is produced when detecting the unlatching of each electrical equipment Raw electric signal, total power consumption, the instantaneous electricity price information in the unit interval, instantaneous electricity charge cumulative information and use in the unit interval The quality of power supply information of electric equipment power supply circuit, and by the feedback of the information detected to server, server receives intelligent electric meter Feedack, by statistics, analysis, calculates the power consumption and/or instantaneous electricity price information that obtain when electrical equipment is opened Numbering, title and the power consumption of statistical value, the electrical equipment opened.

It is preferred that, intelligent electric meter receives electric signal when electrical equipment is opened, and the processor of server is anti-by intelligent electric meter The electric signal of feedback is transformed into frequency domain from time domain, calculates the corresponding harmonic characteristic of the electric signal, so as to obtain the volume of the corresponding device Number and title, and the statistical value for the instantaneous electricity price information fed back by electrical equipment, accumulate instantaneous electricity charge information and total consumption Information about power, so as to obtain power consumption when electrical equipment is opened and the statistical value of instantaneous electricity price information.

Further, in step ST3, if exceeding default power consumption threshold value and/or wink during the use of electrical equipment When electricity price threshold value, terminal issues the user with alarm sounds by Tip element, in the Δ T time that alarm sounds are acted on, user The either direct opening and closing to the switch of electrical equipment to electrical equipment is adjusted by terminal-pair electrical equipment to be adjusted, So as to realize being adjusted to electrical equipment management program for active;If in the Δ T time that alarm sounds are acted on, electrical equipment Management program is not adjusted, then server enters according to default electrical equipment management program in memory cell to electrical equipment Row adjustment, realization is passive to be adjusted to electrical equipment management program so that the power consumption when electrical equipment after adjustment is opened Power and/or the statistical value of instantaneous electricity price information meet the requirement of default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value, should Set and disclose a kind of use state of electrical equipment by one's own initiative or passive change is realized to electrical equipment management program Adjustment, as embodiments of the invention, described Δ T is generally between 10s-60, and Δ T can be carried out more according to user's request Change.

Further, in step ST4, if the quality of power supply of power supply for electrical equipment circuit can not normally use enough will Ask, the CPU processor the reception server of intelligent electric meter feeds back the information of coming, CPU processor control compensation circuit module and branch Control relay circuit UNICOM, power supply is compensated to electrical equipment by compensation circuit module.The setting ensure that electricity consumption is set It is standby to be used under the normal quality of power supply, on the one hand avoid and electric energy is wasted when electrical equipment is used, produce more electricity, it is another Aspect also ensure that the safety and reliability of electricity consumption when electrical equipment is used, it is to avoid electrical equipment breaks down, it is ensured that user Use comfortableness during electrical equipment.

A kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and its management method disclosed by the invention, are realized using the technology of Internet of Things Control to household electricity equipment, by formally being put on record in equipment using the preceding normal use information to electrical equipment, so Electrical equipment is when opening afterwards, by detecting instantaneous electricity price information, accumulating instantaneous electricity charge information, electrical signal information, power consumption Information, total power consumption information and quality of power supply information, the letter for being received information receiving unit by the judging unit of server Breath with judging unit default Rule of judgment be compared, and draw the execution units in judged result, server Electrical equipment management program is selected according to judged result and intelligent electric meter is fed back to, described electrical equipment management program is in feedback When including the change active change to electrical equipment use state and passive-type to electrical equipment use state, realize to The power supply management of electric equipment, is on the one hand improved user by active and passive mode and is anticipated using the energy-conservation of electrical equipment Know, it is to avoid the great number electricity charge that the waste of electric energy and reduction user are produced due to superelevation power consumption, on the other hand also ensure that electricity consumption Under power supply circuit of the equipment when in use in safety, the safety and reliability that electrical equipment is used is improved.

The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God is with principle, and any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, including intelligent electric meter (1), electrical equipment (2), it is characterised in that:Described Intelligent electric meter (1) detect and feed back each electrical equipment (2) real-time electricity consumption status information and each electrical equipment (2) it is total Power consumption, intelligent electric meter (1) and server (3) by communication unit (6) by realizing that communication is connected, intelligent electric meter (1) root The electrical equipment management program sent according to the reception server (3) is adjusted to the use state of electrical equipment (2), server (3) it is connected by communication unit (6) with terminal (5) communication, described terminal (5) is configured as to server (3) typing electricity consumption Facility information and electrical equipment management program, realize the regulation to electrical equipment.
2. a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described intelligent electric meter (1) CPU processor is included, CPU processor is gathered with instantaneous electricity price receiving unit, instantaneous electricity charge information accumulated unit, power consumption Unit, the electrical connection of power quality analysis module, described instantaneous electricity price receiving unit is used to receive to be disappeared based on electrical equipment electric power Consumption and the information of the electricity charge for changing and being collected for power consumption;Instantaneous electricity charge information accumulated unit, which is used to accumulate, to be used The instantaneous electricity charge information of accumulation that electric equipment is consumed under the effect of instantaneous electricity price;Power consumption collecting unit is used to detect that electrical equipment exists Electric signal, power consumption and the electrical equipment total power consumption produced during unlatching;Described power quality analysis module is to electricity consumption The power supply circuit of equipment UNICOM carries out Power Quality Detection analysis, and CPU processor is by the instantaneous electricity price information collected, accumulation wink When electricity charge information, electrical signal information, power consumption information, total power consumption information and quality of power supply information pass through intelligent electric meter (1) communication module feeds back to server (3).
3. a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described server (3) Including processor, the processing module of processor include information receiving unit, electrical equipment information database, judging unit and Execution unit, described information receiving unit is to receive the collection information that the CPU processor of intelligent electric meter (1) is sent;It is described Electrical equipment information database to store the information that electrical equipment is normally used;Described judging unit is configured as believing The information that breath receiving unit is received with judging unit default Rule of judgment be compared, and draw judged result;It is described Execution units electrical equipment management program is selected according to judged result and intelligent electric meter is fed back to, realize to electrical equipment Power supply management;Server (3) carries out judgement with the judging unit of server (3) according to the information received and compared, and draws Judged result, server selects corresponding electrical equipment management program to feed back to intelligent electricity according to judged result by execution unit The CPU processor of table (1).
4. a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described terminal (5) bag Input block, display unit, recording unit and Tip element are included, described input block is used for into the period of service inputting correlation The control instruction such as information and electrical equipment management program;Described display unit is configured as showing making for current power equipment With status information and power consumption information, described recording unit is configured as user and selects used electrical equipment management journey Sequence;Described Tip element is configured as issuing the user with prompt message;Inputted by input block and recording unit records Electrical equipment management program be stored in the memory cell in server, memory cell storage electrical equipment management program The controls such as editor, change, preservation, deletion are realized by terminal.
5. a kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to one of Claims 1 to 4, it is characterised in that:The service Device (3) realizes that communication is connected with cloud storage (4) by communication unit (6), and server (3) can be detected according to electrical equipment power consumption The information of electrical equipment (2) downloads applicable electrical equipment management program from cloud storage (4) in system, and user is in electrical equipment When information is put on record, the normal operating condition information of electrical equipment is searched for by cloud storage (4) and setting on server (3) is downloaded to Electrical equipment information database, user is uploaded to by the electrical equipment management program of terminal editor by communication unit (6) Cloud storage (4).
6. a kind of management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, it is characterised in that:One kind as described in Claims 1 to 5 Electrical equipment power consumption detecting system, its management method includes the steps:
ST1:Open electrical equipment;
ST2:Judge whether electrical equipment puts on record in server;If so, then entering ST3, if it is not, then being carried out to electrical equipment standby Case, is transferred to and judges whether electrical equipment puts on record in server again after putting on record;
ST3:Judge whether the use of electrical equipment exceedes default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value;If so, then Server is adjusted to the management program of electrical equipment, and the electrical equipment used after adjustment is judged whether again to meet default Power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value;If it is not, then entering ST4;
ST4:Judge whether the quality of power supply of power supply for electrical equipment circuit meets the requirement normally used;If it is not, then being set to electricity consumption The circuit of standby connection is adjusted, and judging whether the quality of power supply meets again to the circuit that electrical equipment after adjustment is connected normally makes It is required that;If so, then entering ST5;
ST5:The electrical equipment being unlocked normally starts.
7. a kind of management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:In step In ST2, if server does not detect the record information of electrical equipment, user is pointed out to carry out typing, user to electrical equipment Typing is carried out according to the normal information used of electrical equipment, or the download from cloud storage (4) is corresponding by terminal by user The information that electrical equipment is normally used, described record information includes device numbering, rated power, rated operational voltage, specified Quality of power supply information under operating current and electrical equipment normal operating condition, the record information of described electrical equipment is put on record The electrical equipment information database of server is stored in afterwards.
8. a kind of management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that: In step ST3, if exceeding default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value during the use of electrical equipment, terminal passes through Tip element issues the user with alarm sounds, and in the Δ T time that alarm sounds are acted on, user is entered by terminal-pair electrical equipment Opening and closing of the row adjustment either directly to the switch of electrical equipment to electrical equipment is adjusted, thus realize active to electricity consumption Device manager is adjusted;If in the Δ T time that alarm sounds are acted on, electrical equipment management program is not adjusted Whole, then server is adjusted according to default electrical equipment management program in memory cell to electrical equipment, is realized passively Electrical equipment management program is adjusted so that power consumption and/or instantaneous electricity price when the electrical equipment after adjustment is opened The statistical value of information meets the requirement of default power consumption threshold value and/or instantaneous electricity price threshold value.
9. a kind of management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 6 or 8, it is characterised in that: In step ST4, the CPU processor in intelligent electric meter controls circuit control of the circuit realiration to electrical equipment by shunting relay System, if the quality of power supply that server 3 is received is not consistent with the information of default electrical equipment normal work, CPU processing Device controls compensation circuit module to control circuit communication with shunting relay, and electrical equipment is compensated by compensation circuit module Power supply;If the quality of power supply that server 3 is received meet the normal of electrical equipment in use, if CPU processor directly by point Road control relay circuit is powered to electrical equipment.
10. a kind of management method of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is described Electrical equipment management program user enter edlin according to the habits and customs of oneself and the type and quantity of household electrical appliance, editor's Electrical equipment management program is including the use of period feature, power bracket feature and enforces feature, in each electricity consumption In device manager, the priority authority of electrical equipment is different, and the use state for opening same electrical equipment is also differed.
CN201710573820.3A 2017-07-14 2017-07-14 A kind of electrical equipment power consumption detecting system and management method CN107300897A (en)

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