CN107295941A - A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method - Google Patents

A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107295941A
CN107295941A CN201710377500.0A CN201710377500A CN107295941A CN 107295941 A CN107295941 A CN 107295941A CN 201710377500 A CN201710377500 A CN 201710377500A CN 107295941 A CN107295941 A CN 107295941A
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liquid
planting
mass percent
water
percent concentration
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贾强
战鹏林
杨继才
张浩民
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贾强
战鹏林
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/02Cultivation of hops or vines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method, field planting, rich water quality management, pruning and insect pest preventing and controlling are specifically included.The present invention makes more scientific completeization of growth management of grape, and the yield and quality of grape is greatly improved by providing field planting, rich water quality management, pruning and take shelter from rain vinegrowing and the management method of a series of overall scientifics of insect pest preventing and controlling.By providing field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain, make grape avoid because the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage is improper and caused by yield reduction.

Description

A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of planting, and in particular to a kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method.
Background technology
Grape is also known as grape, is a kind of frequently seen plants of Vitis.Defoliation liana, brown branches and tendrils are elongated.Subcircular Single leaf alternate, nearly full edge to 3-7 is split, and leaf margin has sawtooth.Axil raw compound bud.Tendril or inflorescence are with leaf to life.Hermaphrodite flower; Wild species are often dioecism.5 petals, top adhesion is separated with holder from base portion when blooming and come off in hat shape.Berry is generally It is circular or oval, there are dark green, atropurpureus, aubergine etc., have fruit powder.
Existing wine-growing is all outdoor plantation mostly, and outdoor plantation can cause pest and disease damage to increase, be killed so as to add The use of worm agent so that grape growth not environmental protection, in addition, outdoor plantation, runs into rainy day, water is difficult to control, can also Rain is caused to splash sludge-polluted fruit face, the outdoor vintage cultivated out is low in a word, and poor quality, taste is not fine and smooth.In order to prevent raining When plant directly can be poured pourings by rainwater, it is moist so as to influence the breathing of plant root that soil can also become, therefore, now There is technology existing and the place taken shelter from rain is provided for plant Sometimes When It Rains building rain shade.But, scientific and reasonable later stage cultivation Management method is from the yield and kind for being largely fixed grape, in particular for grape of taking shelter from rain, and prior art, which does not have, is System and detailed field planting and cultivation management method.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcoming of prior art there is provided one kind can effectively solve pest and disease damage, improve Grape quality, raising product price, the field planting of the grape of taking shelter from rain of Development of Pollution-free Agricultural Products and cultivation management method.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method, It comprises the following steps:
S1. it is colonized:Resident time is autumn and winter, has dug planting pit by north-westward before field planting, the line-spacing of the planting pit is 2.5- 3.2m, spacing in the rows is 0.7-1.3m;Planting stock is stayed into 3-6 buds, root system stays 12-17cm and will soak 20-26h in root system water, will soak Planting stock after bubble is put into planting pit to be compacted with fine earth, and pours water, in field planting furrow face spreading;
S2. rich water quality management:After planting stock grows to 8 leaves after the first tenday period of a month in April, start fertilising, once, apply urea, biphosphate within every 10 days Potassium and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;Apply to early August, change micro member in application of phosphoric acid potassium dihydrogen, potassium nitrate and water solubility Fertilizer;By the end of September, a feces of livestock and poultry is first applied, then applies oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc;
S3. pruning:After planting stock rudiment, 1 strong bud growth, and the following stock bud of graft union of erasing at any time are stayed, planting stock is treated Diesis wishbone or V-arrangement flatrack are taken during more than 20cm, shape is prevented down;Treat diesis wishbone height of seedling 50cm or V-arrangement flatrack height of seedling The bud growth of top 2 is stayed in 60cm, first time pinching, and below 30cm accessory buds are erased, and remaining bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat diesis V 2, shape frame top accessory bud grows to 80cm or second of pinching when 2, V-arrangement flatrack top accessory bud grows to 1.2m, stays 4 sublateral shoots lifes Long, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Grown to whne 4 young sprouts of diesis wishbone when 40-50cm exceedes second steel wire or V-arrangement 4 young sprouts of flatrack grow to 40-50cm draw tie up on crossbeam steel wire and more than V-arrangement first of steel wire of flatrack when carry out third time pluck The heart, stays the bud of top 1, and remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;When 4 young sprouts of diesis wishbone are more than the 3rd road steel wire or V-arrangement is flat The 4th pinching is carried out when 4 young sprouts of frame are more than the 2nd road steel wire, the pinching repeatedly of terminal bud 2-3 leaves is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays 1 leaf to pluck repeatedly The heart;Until early August strong pinching sprays PBO;
S4. insect pest preventing and controlling:After seedling planting, 20 times of liquid of crystal lime polysulfies that ground spray mass percent concentration is 40-50%; Take shelter from rain and spray the medicament for preventing and treating mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, powdery mildew after vinegrowing;Tear open to spray before mulch film and prevent and treat downy mildew With the medicament of white rot.
Further, mulch film described in step S1 is black or silver-colored black Reflecting mulch film, and the width of mulch film is 1m.
Further, carry out disinfection deinsectization after being soaked in step S1 in root system water, and concrete operations are:Planting stock is soaked 800 times of liquid of carbendazim that 800 times of liquid of DDVP and the mass percent concentration for being 80% in mass percent concentration are 50% it is mixed Close in solution, soak time is 3-7min.
Further, the specific behaviour that urea, potassium dihydrogen phosphate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers are applied described in step S2 As:April, 3-5 jins of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, and 1.3-3.5 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration are 0.5- 1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers add water 2-4m3Drip irrigation is applied;May, 4-6 jins of urea, 2-4 were applied in every mu of ground every time Jin potassium dihydrogen phosphate and mass percent concentration add water 4-6m for 0.5-1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied Enter;June, 6-8 jins of urea, 4-6 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and the water that mass percent concentration is 0.5-1.5% were applied in every mu of ground every time Dissolubility secondary and micro-element fertilizers add water 4-6m3Drip irrigation is applied;July, 5-7 jins of urea, 5-7 jins of di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphates were applied in every mu of ground every time Hydrogen potassium and mass percent concentration add water 5-8m for 0.5-1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied.
Further, the consumption of potassium dihydrogen phosphate described in step S2, potassium nitrate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is: The each 8-12 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphate in every mu of ground, 8-12 jins of potassium nitrate and mass percent concentration are micro- in 0.5-1.5% water solubility Secondary element fertilizer.
Further, feces of livestock and poultry described in step S2 is pig manure water, chicken manure or duck excrement, and amount of application is that mu applies pig manure water 7500-8500 jins or mu apply 1500-2500 jins of chicken manure and duck excrement.
Further, the amount of application of oil cake described in step S2, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc is:Mu Apply 90-120 jins of oil cake, 130-170 jins of calcium superphosphate, 25-34 jins of magnesium sulfate, many love boron 180-230g, Ke Aili zinc 180- 230g, the method for administration is:The bar ditch that depth is 15-25cm are opened from planting stock trunk 55-65cm to apply.
Further, mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, the medicament of powdery mildew are prevented and treated described in step S4 is respectively:Prevent and treat mite Class be mass percent concentration be 25% 3000 times of liquid of pyridaben, mass percent concentration be 5% Bristol gram 3000 times of liquid, matter Amount percent concentration is 25% 2000 times of liquid of azacyclotin, the mite of 4000 times of liquid is endangered and the propargite of 3000 times of liquid;Preventing and treating thrips is 2000 times of liquid of the imidacloprid that mass percent concentration is 10%, mass percent concentration be 10% annihilate 3000 times of liquid, 7500 times The Acker speed of liquid and 1500 times of liquid of Acetamiprid that mass percent concentration is 5%;It is that mass percent concentration is to prevent and treat prodenia litura The nucleopolyhedrosis of 25% 1500 times of liquid of diflubenzuron, 3000 times of liquid of emamectin benzoate that mass percent concentration is 3% and 800 times of liquid Poison;Powdery mildew is prevented and treated for the Amici of 1500 times of liquid is reached, the getting well for Cui Ze and 3000 times of liquid of 1500 times of liquid is made every effort to overcome.
Further, downy mildew is prevented and treated described in step S4 and the medicament of white rot is respectively:Downy mildew is prevented and treated for quality Percent concentration is that 9% white rot white gram 500 times of liquid, mass percent concentrations are 69% Acrobat MZ, 700 times of liquid;Preventing and treating white rot is Mass percent concentration is 70% Mancozeb, 700 times of liquid and mass percent concentration is 75% Bravo, 500 times of liquid.
The present invention has advantages below:It is of the invention to be by providing field planting, rich water quality management, pruning and insect pest preventing and controlling one Take shelter from rain vinegrowing and the management method of row overall scientific, make more scientific completeization of growth management of grape, and make grape Yield and quality be greatly improved.By providing field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain, make grape Avoid because the preventing and treating of pest and disease damage is improper and caused by yield reduction.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention will be further described, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following institute State:
Embodiment 1:A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method, it comprises the following steps:
S1. it is colonized:Resident time is autumn and winter, has dug planting pit by north-westward before field planting, the line-spacing of the planting pit is 2.5m, spacing in the rows is 0.7m;Planting stock is stayed into 3-6 buds, root system stays 12-17cm and will soak 20h in root system water, will be soaked in root system water Carry out disinfection deinsectization after bubble, and concrete operations are:Planting stock is immersed in 800 times of liquid of DDVP that mass percent concentration is 80% In mixed solution with mass percent concentration for 50% 800 times of liquid of carbendazim, soak time is 3min;By determining after immersion Plant seedlings to be put into planting pit and be compacted with fine earth, and pour water, in field planting furrow face paving black mulch film, the width of mulch film is 1m;
S2. rich water quality management:After planting stock grows to 8 leaves after the first tenday period of a month in April, start fertilising, once, apply urea, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate within every 10 days Hydrogen potassium and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;Apply to early August, change micro in application of phosphoric acid potassium dihydrogen, potassium nitrate and water solubility Element fertilizer;By the end of September, a feces of livestock and poultry is first applied, then applies oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc;It is described Applying urea, the concrete operations of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:April, 3 jin of urine were applied on every mu of ground every time Element, 1.3 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add water 2m for 0.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied Enter;May, 4 jin of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, and 2 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration are micro- in 0.5% water solubility Secondary element fertilizers with water 4m3Drip irrigation is applied;June, 6 jin of urea, 4 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and quality percentage were applied in every mu of ground every time Specific concentration adds water 4m for 0.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;July, 5 jin of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, 5 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add water 5m for 0.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;It is described The consumption of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium nitrate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:Every mu of ground 8 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 8 jin of nitre every time Sour potassium and mass percent concentration are 0.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;The feces of livestock and poultry is that pig manure water amount of application is Mu applies 7500-8500 jins of pig manure water;The oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, crowd like that the amount of application of boron and Ai Li zinc is:Mu is applied 90 jin of oil cake, 130 jin of calcium superphosphate, 25 jin of magnesium sulfate, crowd like boron 180g, Ke Aili zinc 180g, and the method for administration is:From field planting Seedling trunk 55cm opens the bar ditch that depth is 15cm and applied;
S3. pruning:After planting stock rudiment, 1 strong bud growth, and the following stock bud of graft union of erasing at any time are stayed, planting stock is treated Diesis wishbone is taken during more than 20cm, shape is prevented down;Diesis wishbone height of seedling 50cm is treated, the bud life of top 2 is stayed in first time pinching Long, below 30cm accessory buds are erased, and remaining bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;When 2, diesis wishbone top accessory bud grows to 80cm Secondary pinching, stays 4 sublateral shoot growths, and remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat that 4 young sprouts of diesis wishbone grow to 40-50cm Third time pinching is carried out during more than second steel wire, the bud of top 1 is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat diesis wishbone 4 The 4th pinching is carried out when root young sprout is more than the 3rd road steel wire, the pinching repeatedly of terminal bud 2-3 leaves is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf; Until early August strong pinching sprays PBO;
S4. insect pest preventing and controlling:After seedling planting, 20 times of liquid of crystal lime polysulfies that ground spray mass percent concentration is 40%;Keep away The medicament for preventing and treating mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, powdery mildew is sprayed after rain vinegrowing;Tear open sprayed before mulch film prevent and treat downy mildew and The medicament of white rot;Wherein, mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, the medicament of powdery mildew prevented and treated is respectively:Mite class is prevented and treated for matter Measure percent concentration be 25% 3000 times of liquid of pyridaben, mass percent concentration be 5% 3000 times of liquid of Bristol gram, quality percentage Specific concentration is 25% 2000 times of liquid of azacyclotin, the mite of 4000 times of liquid is endangered and the propargite of 3000 times of liquid;Preventing and treating thrips is quality hundred 2000 times of liquid of imidacloprid that point specific concentration is 10%, mass percent concentration be 10% annihilate 3000 times of liquid, 7500 times of liquid Ah Gram speed and 1500 times of liquid of Acetamiprid that mass percent concentration is 5%;It is that mass percent concentration is 25% to prevent and treat prodenia litura 1500 times of liquid of diflubenzuron, mass percent concentration are 3% 3000 times of liquid of emamectin benzoate and the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of 800 times of liquid;It is anti- Powdery mildew is controlled for the Amici of 1500 times of liquid is reached, the getting well for Cui Ze and 3000 times of liquid of 1500 times of liquid is made every effort to overcome;It is described to prevent and treat downy mildew Medicament with white rot is respectively:It is that mass percent concentration is 9% white rot white gram 500 times of liquid, mass percents to prevent and treat downy mildew Concentration is 69% Acrobat MZ, 700 times of liquid;It is that mass percent concentration is 70% Mancozeb, 700 times of liquid and quality to prevent and treat white rot Percent concentration is 75% Bravo, 500 times of liquid.
Embodiment 2:A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method, it comprises the following steps:
S1. it is colonized:Resident time is autumn and winter, has dug planting pit by north-westward before field planting, the line-spacing of the planting pit is 3.2m, spacing in the rows is 1.3m;Planting stock is stayed into 3-6 buds, root system stays 12-17cm and will soak 26h in root system water, will be soaked in root system water Carry out disinfection deinsectization after bubble, and concrete operations are:Planting stock is immersed in 800 times of liquid of DDVP that mass percent concentration is 80% In mixed solution with mass percent concentration for 50% 800 times of liquid of carbendazim, soak time is 7min;By determining after immersion Plant seedlings to be put into planting pit and be compacted with fine earth, and pour water, in the silver-colored black Reflecting mulch film of field planting furrow face paving, the width of mulch film is 1m;
S2. rich water quality management:After planting stock grows to 8 leaves after the first tenday period of a month in April, start fertilising, once, apply urea, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate within every 10 days Hydrogen potassium and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;Apply to early August, change micro in application of phosphoric acid potassium dihydrogen, potassium nitrate and water solubility Element fertilizer;By the end of September, a feces of livestock and poultry is first applied, then applies oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc;It is described Applying urea, the concrete operations of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:April, 5 jin of urine were applied on every mu of ground every time Element, 3.5 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add water 4m for 1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied Enter;May, 6 jin of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, and 4 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration are micro- in 1.5% water solubility Secondary element fertilizers with water 6m3Drip irrigation is applied;June, 8 jin of urea, 6 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and quality percentage were applied in every mu of ground every time Specific concentration adds water 6m for 1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;July, 7 jin of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, 7 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add water 8m for 1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;It is described The consumption of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium nitrate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:Every mu of ground every time 12 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 12 jin Potassium nitrate and the water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers that mass percent concentration is 1.5%;The feces of livestock and poultry is chicken manure, amount of application 1500-2500 jins of chicken manure is applied for mu;The oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, crowd like that the amount of application of boron and Ai Li zinc is:Mu is applied 120 jin of oil cake, 170 jin of calcium superphosphate, 34 jin of magnesium sulfate, crowd like boron 230g, Ke Aili zinc 230g, and the method for administration is:From fixed The trunk 65cm that plants seedlings opens the bar ditch that depth is 25cm and applied;
S3. pruning:After planting stock rudiment, 1 strong bud growth, and the following stock bud of graft union of erasing at any time are stayed, planting stock is treated V-arrangement flatrack is taken during more than 20cm, shape is prevented down;V-arrangement flatrack height of seedling 60cm is treated, the bud growth of top 2,30cm are stayed in first time pinching Following accessory bud is erased, and remaining bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Second of pinching when 2, V-arrangement flatrack top accessory bud grows to 1.2m, stays 4 Individual sublateral shoot growth, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat that 4 young sprouts of V-arrangement flatrack grow to 40-50cm and drawn to tie up on crossbeam steel wire And third time pinching is carried out during more than V-arrangement first of steel wire of flatrack, the bud of top 1 is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat V-arrangement The 4th pinching is carried out when 4 young sprouts of flatrack are more than the 2nd road steel wire, the pinching repeatedly of terminal bud 2-3 leaves is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays 1 leaf repeatedly Pinching;Until early August strong pinching sprays PBO;
S4. insect pest preventing and controlling:After seedling planting, 20 times of liquid of crystal lime polysulfies that ground spray mass percent concentration is 50%;Keep away The medicament for preventing and treating mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, powdery mildew is sprayed after rain vinegrowing;Tear open sprayed before mulch film prevent and treat downy mildew and The medicament of white rot;Wherein, mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, the medicament of powdery mildew prevented and treated is respectively:Mite class is prevented and treated for matter Measure percent concentration be 25% 3000 times of liquid of pyridaben, mass percent concentration be 5% 3000 times of liquid of Bristol gram, quality percentage Specific concentration is 25% 2000 times of liquid of azacyclotin, the mite of 4000 times of liquid is endangered and the propargite of 3000 times of liquid;Preventing and treating thrips is quality hundred 2000 times of liquid of imidacloprid that point specific concentration is 10%, mass percent concentration be 10% annihilate 3000 times of liquid, 7500 times of liquid Ah Gram speed and 1500 times of liquid of Acetamiprid that mass percent concentration is 5%;It is that mass percent concentration is 25% to prevent and treat prodenia litura 1500 times of liquid of diflubenzuron, mass percent concentration are 3% 3000 times of liquid of emamectin benzoate and the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of 800 times of liquid;It is anti- Powdery mildew is controlled for the Amici of 1500 times of liquid is reached, the getting well for Cui Ze and 3000 times of liquid of 1500 times of liquid is made every effort to overcome;It is described to prevent and treat downy mildew Medicament with white rot is respectively:It is that mass percent concentration is 9% white rot white gram 500 times of liquid, mass percents to prevent and treat downy mildew Concentration is 69% Acrobat MZ, 700 times of liquid;It is that mass percent concentration is 70% Mancozeb, 700 times of liquid and quality to prevent and treat white rot Percent concentration is 75% Bravo, 500 times of liquid.
Embodiment 3:A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method, it comprises the following steps:
S1. it is colonized:Resident time is autumn and winter, has dug planting pit by north-westward before field planting, the line-spacing of the planting pit is 3m, Spacing in the rows is 1m;Planting stock is stayed into 3-6 buds, root system stays 12-17cm and will soak 24h in root system water, will soak laggard in root system water Row sterilizes deinsectization, and concrete operations are:Planting stock is immersed in 800 times of liquid of DDVP and quality that mass percent concentration is 80% In mixed solution of the percent concentration for 50% 800 times of liquid of carbendazim, soak time is 5min;Planting stock after immersion is put Enter into planting pit and to be compacted with fine earth, and pour water, in field planting furrow face paving black mulch film, the width of mulch film is 1m;
S2. rich water quality management:After planting stock grows to 8 leaves after the first tenday period of a month in April, start fertilising, once, apply urea, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate within every 10 days Hydrogen potassium and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;Apply to early August, change micro in application of phosphoric acid potassium dihydrogen, potassium nitrate and water solubility Element fertilizer;By the end of September, a feces of livestock and poultry is first applied, then applies oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc;It is described Applying urea, the concrete operations of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:April, 4 jin of urine were applied on every mu of ground every time Element, 2.5 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add water 3m for 1% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;5 Month, 5 jin of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, and 3 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration are trace element in 1% water solubility Fertilizers with water 5m3Drip irrigation is applied;June, 7 jin of urea, 5 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration were applied in every mu of ground every time Added water 5m for 1% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;July, 6 jin of urea, 6 jin of phosphoric acid were applied in every mu of ground every time Potassium dihydrogen and mass percent concentration add water 7m for 1% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;The biphosphate The consumption of potassium, potassium nitrate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:Every mu of ground every time 10 jin of potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 10 jin of potassium nitrate and Mass percent concentration is 1% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;The feces of livestock and poultry is duck excrement, and amount of application is that mu applies duck excrement 1500-2500 jins;The oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, crowd like that the amount of application of boron and Ai Li zinc is:Mu apply 100 jin of oil cake, 150 jin of calcium superphosphate, 28 jin of magnesium sulfate, crowd like boron 200g, Ke Aili zinc 200g, and the method for administration is:From planting stock trunk 60cm opens the bar ditch that depth is 20cm and applied;
S3. pruning:After planting stock rudiment, 1 strong bud growth, and the following stock bud of graft union of erasing at any time are stayed, planting stock is treated Diesis wishbone is taken during more than 20cm, shape is prevented down;Diesis wishbone height of seedling 50cm is treated, the bud life of top 2 is stayed in first time pinching Long, below 30cm accessory buds are erased, and remaining bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;When 2, diesis wishbone top accessory bud grows to 80cm Secondary pinching, stays 4 sublateral shoot growths, and remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat that 4 young sprouts of diesis wishbone grow to 40-50cm Third time pinching is carried out during more than second steel wire, the bud of top 1 is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat diesis wishbone 4 The 4th pinching is carried out when root young sprout is more than the 3rd road steel wire, the pinching repeatedly of terminal bud 2-3 leaves is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf; Until early August strong pinching sprays PBO;
S4. insect pest preventing and controlling:After seedling planting, 20 times of liquid of crystal lime polysulfies that ground spray mass percent concentration is 45%;Keep away The medicament for preventing and treating mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, powdery mildew is sprayed after rain vinegrowing;Tear open sprayed before mulch film prevent and treat downy mildew and The medicament of white rot;Wherein, mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, the medicament of powdery mildew prevented and treated is respectively:Mite class is prevented and treated for matter Measure percent concentration be 25% 3000 times of liquid of pyridaben, mass percent concentration be 5% 3000 times of liquid of Bristol gram, quality percentage Specific concentration is 25% 2000 times of liquid of azacyclotin, the mite of 4000 times of liquid is endangered and the propargite of 3000 times of liquid;Preventing and treating thrips is quality hundred 2000 times of liquid of imidacloprid that point specific concentration is 10%, mass percent concentration be 10% annihilate 3000 times of liquid, 7500 times of liquid Ah Gram speed and 1500 times of liquid of Acetamiprid that mass percent concentration is 5%;It is that mass percent concentration is 25% to prevent and treat prodenia litura 1500 times of liquid of diflubenzuron, mass percent concentration are 3% 3000 times of liquid of emamectin benzoate and the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of 800 times of liquid;It is anti- Powdery mildew is controlled for the Amici of 1500 times of liquid is reached, the getting well for Cui Ze and 3000 times of liquid of 1500 times of liquid is made every effort to overcome;It is described to prevent and treat downy mildew Medicament with white rot is respectively:It is that mass percent concentration is 9% white rot white gram 500 times of liquid, mass percents to prevent and treat downy mildew Concentration is 69% Acrobat MZ, 700 times of liquid;It is that mass percent concentration is 70% Mancozeb, 700 times of liquid and quality to prevent and treat white rot Percent concentration is 75% Bravo, 500 times of liquid.

Claims (11)

1. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain, it is characterised in that it comprises the following steps:
S1. it is colonized:Resident time is autumn and winter, has dug planting pit by north-westward before field planting, the line-spacing of the planting pit is 2.5- 3.2m, spacing in the rows is 0.7-1.3m;Planting stock is stayed into 3-6 buds, root system stays 12-17cm and will soak 20-26h in root system water, will soak Planting stock after bubble is put into planting pit to be compacted with fine earth, and pours water, in field planting furrow face spreading;
S2. rich water quality management:After planting stock grows to 8 leaves after the first tenday period of a month in April, start fertilising, once, apply urea, biphosphate within every 10 days Potassium and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers;Apply to early August, change micro member in application of phosphoric acid potassium dihydrogen, potassium nitrate and water solubility Fertilizer;By the end of September, a feces of livestock and poultry is first applied, then applies oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc;
S3. pruning:After planting stock rudiment, 1 strong bud growth, and the following stock bud of graft union of erasing at any time are stayed, planting stock is treated Diesis wishbone or V-arrangement flatrack are taken during more than 20cm, shape is prevented down;Treat diesis wishbone height of seedling 50cm or V-arrangement flatrack height of seedling The bud growth of top 2 is stayed in 60cm, first time pinching, and below 30cm accessory buds are erased, and remaining bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Treat diesis V 2, shape frame top accessory bud grows to 80cm or second of pinching when 2, V-arrangement flatrack top accessory bud grows to 1.2m, stays 4 sublateral shoots lifes Long, remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;Grown to whne 4 young sprouts of diesis wishbone when 40-50cm exceedes second steel wire or V-arrangement 4 young sprouts of flatrack grow to 40-50cm draw tie up on crossbeam steel wire and more than V-arrangement first of steel wire of flatrack when carry out third time pluck The heart, stays the bud of top 1, and remaining accessory bud stays the pinching repeatedly of 1 leaf;When 4 young sprouts of diesis wishbone are more than the 3rd road steel wire or V-arrangement is flat The 4th pinching is carried out when 4 young sprouts of frame are more than the 2nd road steel wire, the pinching repeatedly of terminal bud 2-3 leaves is stayed, remaining accessory bud stays 1 leaf to pluck repeatedly The heart;Until early August strong pinching sprays PBO;
S4. insect pest preventing and controlling:After seedling planting, 20 times of liquid of crystal lime polysulfies that ground spray mass percent concentration is 40-50%; Take shelter from rain and spray the medicament for preventing and treating mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, powdery mildew after vinegrowing;Tear open to spray before mulch film and prevent and treat downy mildew With the medicament of white rot.
2. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S1 It is black or silver-colored black Reflecting mulch film to state mulch film, and the width of mulch film is 1m.
3. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Will in step S1 Carry out disinfection deinsectization after being soaked in root system water, and concrete operations are:Planting stock is immersed in into the enemy that mass percent concentration is 80% to oppose In mixed solution of the 800 times of liquid of fear with mass percent concentration for 50% 800 times of liquid of carbendazim, soak time is 3-7min.
4. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S2 State and apply urea, the concrete operations of potassium dihydrogen phosphate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers and be:April, 3-5 was applied on every mu of ground every time Jin urea, 1.3-3.5 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add for 0.5-1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers Water 2-4m3Drip irrigation is applied;May, 4-6 jins of urea, 2-4 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration were applied in every mu of ground every time Added water 4-6m for 0.5-1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drip irrigation is applied;June, 6-8 jins of urine were applied on every mu of ground every time Element, 4-6 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration add water 4-6m for 0.5-1.5% water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers3Drop Fill and apply;July, 5-7 jins of urea were applied on every mu of ground every time, and 5-7 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphates and mass percent concentration are 0.5-1.5% Water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers add water 5-8m3Drip irrigation is applied.
5. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S2 The consumption for stating potassium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium nitrate and water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers is:The each 8-12 jins of potassium dihydrogen phosphate in every mu of ground, 8-12 jins of potassium nitrate and the water-soluble secondary and micro-element fertilizers that mass percent concentration is 0.5-1.5%.
6. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S2 Feces of livestock and poultry is stated for pig manure water, chicken manure or duck excrement, amount of application is that mu applies 7500-8500 jins of pig manure water or mu applies chicken manure and duck excrement 1500-2500 jins.
7. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S2 The amount of application for stating oil cake, calcium superphosphate, magnesium sulfate, many love boron and Ai Li zinc is:Mu applies 90-120 jins of oil cake, calcium superphosphate 130- 170 jin, 25-34 jins of magnesium sulfate, many love boron 180-230g, Ke Aili zinc 180-230g, the method for administration is:From planting stock trunk 55-65cm opens the bar ditch that depth is 15-25cm and applied.
8. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S4 State and prevent and treat mite class, thrips, prodenia litura, the medicament of powdery mildew and be respectively:It is that mass percent concentration is 25% to rattle away to prevent and treat mite class Mite spirit 3000 times of liquid, mass percent concentrations be 5% 3000 times of liquid of Bristol gram, mass percent concentration be 25% azacyclotin The propargite of 2000 times of liquid, the mite danger of 4000 times of liquid and 3000 times of liquid;Preventing and treating thrips is the pyrrole worm that mass percent concentration is 10% 2000 times of liquid of quinoline, mass percent concentration annihilate 3000 times of liquid, the Acker speed of 7500 times of liquid and mass percent concentration for 10% For 5% 1500 times of liquid of Acetamiprid;Preventing and treating prodenia litura be mass percent concentration be 25% 1500 times of liquid of diflubenzuron, quality hundred Point specific concentration for 3% 3000 times of liquid of emamectin benzoate and the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of 800 times of liquid;It is 1500 times of liquid to prevent and treat powdery mildew Amici is reached, the getting well for Cui Ze and 3000 times of liquid of 1500 times of liquid is made every effort to overcome.
9. field planting and the cultivation management method of a kind of grape of taking shelter from rain as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute in step S4 State and prevent and treat the medicament of downy mildew and white rot and be respectively:It is that mass percent concentration is 500 times of 9% white rot frost gram to prevent and treat downy mildew Liquid, mass percent concentration are 69% Acrobat MZ, 700 times of liquid;It is that mass percent concentration is 70% Mancozeb to prevent and treat white rot 700 times of liquid and mass percent concentration are 75% Bravo, 500 times of liquid.
CN201710377500.0A 2017-05-25 2017-05-25 A kind of field planting of grape of taking shelter from rain and cultivation management method Pending CN107295941A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110235688A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-09-17 武汉市仟果园现代农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of summer preserved fragrant grape morning, field planting current year current year high yield

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CN102550358A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-07-11 宜章华山红林科技生态有限公司 Method for high-density layered fruit bearing for grape cultivation in south
CN104663353A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-06-03 重庆植裕生态农业开发有限公司 Grape cultivation method
CN106069564A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-09 句容市万山红遍应时鲜果专业合作联社 Produce and go sightseeing to pluck the kyoto grape Labor-saving cultural method taken into account
CN106358971A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 蓝山县新顺农牧业发展有限公司 Method for cultivating grapes in south

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550358A (en) * 2011-08-29 2012-07-11 宜章华山红林科技生态有限公司 Method for high-density layered fruit bearing for grape cultivation in south
CN104663353A (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-06-03 重庆植裕生态农业开发有限公司 Grape cultivation method
CN106069564A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-11-09 句容市万山红遍应时鲜果专业合作联社 Produce and go sightseeing to pluck the kyoto grape Labor-saving cultural method taken into account
CN106358971A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 蓝山县新顺农牧业发展有限公司 Method for cultivating grapes in south

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110235688A (en) * 2019-07-25 2019-09-17 武汉市仟果园现代农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of summer preserved fragrant grape morning, field planting current year current year high yield

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