CN107290231A - Material properties test torsion equipment - Google Patents

Material properties test torsion equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107290231A
CN107290231A CN201710620114.XA CN201710620114A CN107290231A CN 107290231 A CN107290231 A CN 107290231A CN 201710620114 A CN201710620114 A CN 201710620114A CN 107290231 A CN107290231 A CN 107290231A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
properties test
rod
rotary shaft
perforate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710620114.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张蓉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Original Assignee
Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry filed Critical Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Priority to CN201710620114.XA priority Critical patent/CN107290231A/en
Publication of CN107290231A publication Critical patent/CN107290231A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/02Details
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/08Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying steady tensile or compressive forces
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N3/00Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
    • G01N3/26Investigating twisting or coiling properties

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of material properties test torsion equipment, the left and right ends of two-way leading screw are arranged on base by bearing arrangement, and two-way leading screw is provided with the first feed screw nut, the second feed screw nut;First feed screw nut, the top of the second feed screw nut are installed with locating piece, rotary shaft extends out through two ends inside and outside locating piece from locating piece, fixture is fixed with the inside of any rotary shaft, outside is fixed with connecting rod, connecting rod is vertically arranged with rotary shaft, the other end of connecting rod is provided with the second perforate for being additionally provided with and being passed through for alignment pin in the first perforate, connecting rod;The front end of rocking bar is provided with the 3rd positioning hole and the second positioning hole, and the outside of locating piece, which is provided with the multiple abutment sleeves being distributed in a ring, abutment sleeve, is provided with cavity, and the side wall of abutment sleeve is provided with the first positioning hole.Beneficial effect of the present invention:Applied widely, testing reliability is high.

Description

Material properties test torsion equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to material properties test technical field, more particularly to a kind of material properties test torsion equipment.
Background technology
Twisting property is the important evidence for evaluating material combination property.In order to ensure that the material of production conforms to quality requirements mark Standard to the sample that production is obtained, it is necessary to carry out torsion test, existing torsion equipment is mostly to fix one end of sample, so The after-drawing other end, tests its twisting property under a fixed load, then this test mode so that sample two ends are received Tension load is different, from two ends stretching, just can effectively solve this problem, a kind of such material properties test torsion equipment Need further research and development.
The content of the invention
In view of the technical drawbacks of the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of material properties test is turned round Turn equipment.
To realize that the technical scheme that the purpose of the present invention is used is:
A kind of material properties test torsion equipment, including rocking bar, alignment pin, abutment sleeve, the first positioning hole, fixture, Locating piece, rotary shaft, connecting rod, two-way leading screw, motor, shaft coupling, bearing arrangement, base, the first feed screw nut, second Feed screw nut, the second positioning hole and the 3rd positioning hole, the second perforate and the first perforate;
The left and right ends of the two-way leading screw are arranged on base by bearing arrangement, and the end of the two-way leading screw passes through Shaft coupling is fixed on the output shaft of motor, the two-way leading screw be provided with engage connection the first feed screw nut, Second feed screw nut;
First feed screw nut, the top of the second feed screw nut are installed with locating piece, and two locating pieces are oppositely arranged, Rotary shaft passes through locating piece, and inside and outside two ends are extended out from locating piece, and fixture, Ren Yixuan are fixed with the inside of any rotary shaft Connecting rod is fixed with the outside of rotating shaft, connecting rod is vertically arranged with rotary shaft, the other end of the connecting rod, which is provided with, supplies rocking bar The second perforate passed through for alignment pin is additionally provided with the first perforate passed through, the connecting rod, second perforate is opened with first Hole is vertical and intersects;
The front end of the rocking bar is provided with and is available for the 3rd positioning hole and the second positioning hole that alignment pin is passed through, the positioning The outside of block is provided with the multiple abutment sleeves being distributed in a ring, and the distribution of the abutment sleeve is described fixed using rotary shaft as the center of circle Provided with the concentric cavity that rocking bar is inserted that is available in the sleeve of position, the side wall of the abutment sleeve, which is provided with, is available for alignment pin to pass through The first positioning hole.
It is preferred that, the two ends of the rotary shaft are welded with locating ring.
It is preferred that, the rear end of the rocking bar is provided with antiskid glue sleeve.
It is preferred that, the spacing that the abutment sleeve is provided between 12, every two adjacent abutment sleeves is 30 degree.
It is preferred that, the fixture includes fixed frame, and the top of the fixed frame is provided with to be connected through a screw thread with it Upper fishbolt, the bottom of the fixed frame is provided with the lower fishbolt being connected through a screw thread with it, the upper fishbolt Bottom be provided with the first clamping plate, the top of the lower fishbolt is provided with the second clamping plate.
It is preferred that, it is equipped with anti-skid rubber cushion on first clamping plate, the clamping face of the second clamping plate.
It is preferred that, the fixture includes fixed mount, and the top of the fixed mount is provided with the upper hydraulic cylinder that can be moved downward, institute The bottom for stating hydraulic cylinder is provided with the first fixed block, and the bottom of the fixed mount is provided with the lower hydraulic cylinder that can be moved upwards, described The top of lower hydraulic cylinder is provided with the second fixed block.
It is preferred that, first fixed block, the second fixed block include square refill-unit and circular refill-unit.
It is preferred that, the square refill-unit and circular refill-unit are removably assemblied in hydraulic cylinder, the work of lower hydraulic cylinder On stopper rod.
It is preferred that, it is equipped with slipmat on the stationary plane of the square refill-unit and circular refill-unit.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, certain pulling force can be applied to the sample for testing twisting property, tests it torsion under certain pulling force effect Can, and test sample left and right ends simultaneously loading tensile so that the stressing conditions of left and right ends are identical on sample, improve survey The reliability of examination.
2nd, sample is easy to fix dismounting, easy to operate, time saving and energy saving.
3rd, interchangeable first fixed block, the second fixed block so that the present apparatus is applied to test sample of different shapes, fits With in extensive range.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show the structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is rocking bar, the attachment structure schematic diagram of connecting rod.
Fig. 3 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of abutment sleeve.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of rocking bar.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the fixture of embodiment 2.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the fixture of embodiment 3.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of square refill-unit.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of circular refill-unit.
Wherein:
1- rocking bars, 2- alignment pins, 3- abutment sleeves, the positioning holes of 4- first, 5- fixtures, 6- locating pieces, 7- rotary shafts, 8- connects Extension bar, the two-way leading screws of 9-, 10- motors, 11- shaft couplings, 12- bearing arrangements, 13- bases, the feed screw nuts of 14- first, 15- Second feed screw nut, the positioning holes of 16- second, the positioning holes of 17- the 3rd, 18- antiskid glue sleeves, 19-, the upper hydraulic cylinders of 20-, 21- first Fixed block, the fixed blocks of 22- second, 23- fixed frames, the upper fishbolts of 24-, the clamping plates of 25- first, the clamping plates of 26- second, Fishbolt under 27-, the square refill-units of 28-, 29- circle refill-units, the perforates of 30- second, the perforates of 31- first.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.It should be appreciated that described herein Specific embodiment only to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, a kind of material properties test torsion equipment of the present embodiment, including rocking bar 1, alignment pin 2, positioning Sleeve 3, the first positioning hole 4, fixture 5, locating piece 6, rotary shaft 7, connecting rod 8, two-way leading screw 9, motor 10, shaft coupling 11st, bearing arrangement 12, base 13, the first feed screw nut 14, the second feed screw nut 15, the second positioning hole 16 and the 3rd positioning hole 17th, antiskid glue sleeve 18, the second perforate 30, the first perforate 31;
The left and right ends of the two-way leading screw 9 are arranged on base 13 by bearing arrangement 12, the end of the two-way leading screw 9 Portion is fixed on by shaft coupling 11 on the output shaft of motor 10, and the two-way leading screw 9, which is provided with, engages the of connection One feed screw nut 14, the second feed screw nut 15, first feed screw nut 14, the top of the second feed screw nut 15 are installed with fixed Position block 6, two locating pieces 6 are oppositely arranged, and rotary shaft 7 passes through locating piece 6, and inside and outside two ends extend out from locating piece 6, Ren Yixuan The inner side of rotating shaft 7 is fixed with fixture 5, and the outside of any rotary shaft 7 is fixed with connecting rod 8, and connecting rod 8 is hung down with rotary shaft 7 Straight to set, the other end of the connecting rod 8 is provided with the first perforate 31 passed through for rocking bar 1, the connecting rod 8 and is additionally provided with for fixed The second perforate 30 that passes through of position pin 2, second perforate 30 is vertical with the first perforate 31 and intersects;
The front end of the rocking bar 1 is provided with and is available for the 3rd positioning hole 17 and the second positioning hole 16 that alignment pin 2 is passed through, institute The rear end for stating rocking bar 1 is provided with antiskid glue sleeve 18 (as shown in Figure 4), and the outside of the locating piece 6 is multiple provided with what is be distributed in a ring Abutment sleeve 3, the distribution of the abutment sleeve 3 is provided with same in the center of circle (as shown in Figure 3), the abutment sleeve 3 with rotary shaft 7 The cavity for being available for the insertion of rocking bar 1 in axle center, the side wall of the abutment sleeve 3 is provided with the first positioning for being available for alignment pin 2 to pass through Hole 4;
The spacing that the abutment sleeve 3 is provided between 12, every two adjacent abutment sleeves 3 is 30 degree.
The two ends of the rotary shaft 7 are welded with locating ring.
Operating type:
In use, material to be tested is separately fixed on the fixture 5 of two inner sides of locating piece 6, start motor 10, motor 10 drives two-way leading screw 9 to rotate, and the first feed screw nut 14, the second feed screw nut 15 are located remotely from each other, so as to pull Material to be tested makes it carry certain pulling force, the mode of left and right loading tensile simultaneously so that sample is more uniformly stressed, Improve the reliability of test result.
Rocking bar 1 is fixed in the second perforate 30 of the end of connecting rod 8 using alignment pin 2, at this moment alignment pin 2 is sequentially passed through Second perforate 30 and the 3rd positioning hole 17 (on the left of Fig. 1 rocking bar 1, connecting rod 8, shown in the attachment structure of alignment pin 2 and Fig. 2 institutes Show) rocking bar 1 is shaken, rocking bar 1 drives rotary shaft 7 to rotate, and rotary shaft 7 drives fixture 5 to rotate, and fixture 5 drives test sample to reverse, When turning to the angle of needs, such as 30 degree are reversed, alignment pin 2 is pulled up, promoted rocking bar 1 to inner side, be inserted into In the cavity of the abutment sleeve 3 of 30 degree of positions, at this moment alignment pin 2 sequentially passes through the second perforate 30 and the second positioning hole 16, fixed Position pin 2 can fix rocking bar 1, the position of connecting rod 8 (such as the attachment structure institute of rocking bar 1, connecting rod 8, alignment pin 2 on the right side of Fig. 1 Show).
The setting of locating ring, can limit the position of rotary shaft 7, prevent rotary shaft 7 from being moved forward and backward in locating piece 6, make it Only rotated in locating piece 6.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is improved on the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in figure 5, the fixture 5 includes fixed frame 23, The top of the fixed frame 23 is provided with the upper fishbolt 24 being connected through a screw thread with it, and the bottom of the fixed frame 23 is set There is the lower fishbolt 27 being connected through a screw thread with it, the bottom of the upper fishbolt 24 is provided with the first clamping plate 25, described The top of lower fishbolt 27 is provided with the second clamping plate 26.
Anti-skid rubber cushion is equipped with first clamping plate 25, the clamping face of the second clamping plate 26.
Working method:
In use, material to be tested to be placed on to the middle part of fixed frame 23, while screwing on fishbolt 24, lower clamping spiral shell Bolt 27, the first clamping plate 25 is moved downward, the second motion upwards of clamping plate 26, and material to be tested is fixed on into the first clamping plate 25th, between the second clamping plate 26.
Effect of the setting with anti-skidding firm test sample of anti-skid rubber cushion.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is improved on the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 6, the fixture 5 includes fixed mount 19, institute The top for stating fixed mount 19 is provided with the upper hydraulic cylinder 20 that can be moved downward, and the bottom of the upper hydraulic cylinder 20 is provided with the first fixed block 21, the bottom of the fixed mount 19 is provided with the lower hydraulic cylinder 23 that can be moved upwards, and the top of the lower hydraulic cylinder 23 is provided with second Fixed block 22.
Working method;
In use, starting upper hydraulic cylinder 20, lower hydraulic cylinder 23 simultaneously, the first fixed block 21, the second fixed block 22 are with identical Speed move toward one another, material to be tested can be accurately fixed on to the center of fixed mount 19 so that the two of test material End is highly identical, keeps test material level, and pulling force is also at level, improves the reliability of test.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment is improved on the basis of embodiment 3, as shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, first fixed block 21, second Fixed block 22 includes square refill-unit 28 and circular refill-unit 29.The square refill-unit and circular refill-unit are removably filled Fit over hydraulic cylinder, on the piston rod of lower hydraulic cylinder, be equipped with the stationary plane of the square refill-unit and circular refill-unit anti- Skidding.
Working method:
In the present embodiment, can be according to the refill-unit of the shape of cross section Response to selection of sample to be tested, when to be tested When material is round rubber bar, circle refill-unit 29 is can select, when material to be tested is square rubber bar, be can select square Refill-unit 28.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the common skill of the art For art personnel, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. material properties test torsion equipment, it is characterised in that including rocking bar, alignment pin, abutment sleeve, the first positioning hole, Fixture, locating piece, rotary shaft, connecting rod, two-way leading screw, motor, shaft coupling, bearing arrangement, base, the first leading screw spiral shell Mother, the second feed screw nut, the second positioning hole and the 3rd positioning hole, the second perforate and the first perforate;
The left and right ends of the two-way leading screw are arranged on base by bearing arrangement, and the end of the two-way leading screw passes through shaft coupling Device is fixed on the output shaft of motor, and the two-way leading screw is provided with the first feed screw nut for engaging connection, second Feed screw nut;
First feed screw nut, the top of the second feed screw nut are installed with locating piece, and two locating pieces are oppositely arranged, rotation Axle passes through locating piece, and inside and outside two ends are extended out from locating piece, and fixture, any rotary shaft are fixed with the inside of any rotary shaft Outside be fixed with connecting rod, connecting rod is vertically arranged with rotary shaft, and the other end of the connecting rod is provided with to be passed through for rocking bar The first perforate, the second perforate passed through for alignment pin is additionally provided with the connecting rod, second perforate is hung down with the first perforate Direct join and intersecting;
The front end of the rocking bar is provided with and is available for the 3rd positioning hole and the second positioning hole that alignment pin is passed through, the locating piece Outside is provided with the multiple abutment sleeves being distributed in a ring, and the distribution of the abutment sleeve is using rotary shaft as the center of circle, the positioning sleeve Provided with the concentric cavity for being available for rocking bar to insert in cylinder, the side wall of the abutment sleeve is provided be available for alignment pin to pass through the One positioning hole.
2. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the two ends welding of the rotary shaft There is locating ring.
3. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the rear end of the rocking bar is provided with anti- Sliding gum cover.
4. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the abutment sleeve is provided with 12 Individual, the spacing between every two adjacent abutment sleeves is 30 degree.
5. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixture includes fixed frame Frame, the top of the fixed frame is provided with the upper fishbolt being connected through a screw thread with it, and the bottom of the fixed frame is provided with The lower fishbolt being connected through a screw thread with it, the bottom of the upper fishbolt is provided with the first clamping plate, the lower clamping spiral shell The top of bolt is provided with the second clamping plate.
6. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that first clamping plate, second Anti-skid rubber cushion is equipped with the clamping face of clamping plate.
7. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixture includes fixed mount, The top of the fixed mount is provided with the upper hydraulic cylinder that can be moved downward, and the bottom of the upper hydraulic cylinder is provided with the first fixed block, institute The bottom for stating fixed mount is provided with the lower hydraulic cylinder that can be moved upwards, and the top of the lower hydraulic cylinder is provided with the second fixed block.
8. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that first fixed block, second Fixed block includes square refill-unit and circular refill-unit.
9. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that square refill-unit and circular replacement Part is removably assemblied in hydraulic cylinder, on the piston rod of lower hydraulic cylinder.
10. material properties test torsion equipment as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the square refill-unit and circle Slipmat is equipped with the stationary plane of shape refill-unit.
CN201710620114.XA 2017-07-26 2017-07-26 Material properties test torsion equipment Pending CN107290231A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710620114.XA CN107290231A (en) 2017-07-26 2017-07-26 Material properties test torsion equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710620114.XA CN107290231A (en) 2017-07-26 2017-07-26 Material properties test torsion equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107290231A true CN107290231A (en) 2017-10-24

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ID=60102836

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710620114.XA Pending CN107290231A (en) 2017-07-26 2017-07-26 Material properties test torsion equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107290231A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108343809A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-31 佛山杰致信息科技有限公司 A kind of mechanical shock absorption support device
CN108458866A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-08-28 刘超 A kind of torsion test structure of ellipse loss of weight rubber parts
CN109001048A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-12-14 马鞍山清净环保科技有限公司 A kind of multifunctional racket tester and its application method
CN109187208A (en) * 2018-08-26 2019-01-11 路焕 A kind of detection system of building enclosure component resistance to vertical load performance
CN111307427A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-06-19 芜湖市创源新材料有限公司 Device for detecting performance and durability of automobile tail plate

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108343809A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-31 佛山杰致信息科技有限公司 A kind of mechanical shock absorption support device
CN108458866A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-08-28 刘超 A kind of torsion test structure of ellipse loss of weight rubber parts
CN109001048A (en) * 2018-07-02 2018-12-14 马鞍山清净环保科技有限公司 A kind of multifunctional racket tester and its application method
CN109187208A (en) * 2018-08-26 2019-01-11 路焕 A kind of detection system of building enclosure component resistance to vertical load performance
CN111307427A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-06-19 芜湖市创源新材料有限公司 Device for detecting performance and durability of automobile tail plate

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