CN107281880A - A kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust - Google Patents

A kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107281880A
CN107281880A CN201710746371.8A CN201710746371A CN107281880A CN 107281880 A CN107281880 A CN 107281880A CN 201710746371 A CN201710746371 A CN 201710746371A CN 107281880 A CN107281880 A CN 107281880A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
dirt pocket
dust
water
water level
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710746371.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107281880B (en
Inventor
李平
李林杰
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李平
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/01Deodorant compositions
    • A61L9/014Deodorant compositions containing sorbent material, e.g. activated carbon
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2253/00Adsorbents used in seperation treatment of gases and vapours
    • B01D2253/10Inorganic adsorbents
    • B01D2253/102Carbon
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/06Polluted air

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust, belong to air-borne dust processing technology field, including the first dirt pocket, the second dirt pocket, air inlet pipe, escape pipe, blow-off pipe, blowdown apparatus, spray equipment, absorbed layer, electrostatic precipitator, coarse filtration net, connecting tube, water injection pipe, the first blower fan and the second blower fan.The invention is multistage absorption, and progressive, dedusting is thorough;The present apparatus is also equipped with the mode that automatic blowdown function changes manual cleaning sludge simultaneously, and automaticity is higher.

Description

A kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust
Technical field
The present invention relates to air-borne dust processing technology field, a kind of environmental protection dress of absorption air dust is particularly related to Put.
Background technology
China's atmosphere pollution develops into regional, compound atmosphere pollution from last century coal-smoke pollution, as complete Ball Aerosol Pollution the most serious area, wherein with Jing-jin-ji region, the Yangtze River Delta, Chengdu-Chongqing, central plain area etc. for global pollution most, The average annual concentration of PM2.5 is more than 70ug/m3, more than more than 2 times of national standard, higher than more than 7 times of WHO standards.Dust Pollution certainly directly threatens the life of people, and a variety of cardiovascular, breathing problems can be caused by being especially in the environment of dust pollution Deng.Dust pollution is maximum for the influence of old man, child, and excessive dust easily grows germ virus to healthy pole To be unfavorable, great harm is also had for skin health.Dust can be classified according to many features, in atmosphere pollution control In system, it is divided into according to the big I of dust particle in air:1st, floating dust, means solia particle of the particle diameter less than 10 μm in air; 2nd, depositing dust, means solia particle of the particle diameter more than 10 μm in air;3rd, total suspended particles, means that particle diameter is less than 100 μm in air All solids particulate.
For air-borne dust, the main purpose that purification is reached using dust catcher, by dust catcher purifying and stive, cost is low, Environment friendly and pollution-free, existing dust catcher inefficiency, air purification effect is poor, and not easy care.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned deficiency, the invention provides a kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:A kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust, including first remove It is dirt room, the second dirt pocket, air inlet pipe, escape pipe, blow-off pipe, blowdown apparatus, spray equipment, absorbed layer, electrostatic precipitator, thick Screen pack, connecting tube, water injection pipe, the first blower fan and the second blower fan, it is characterised in that:First dirt pocket is fixedly arranged at the front end with First blower fan is installed, first dirt pocket is connected with the second dirt pocket by connecting tube, institute in air inlet pipe, the air inlet pipe State and the second blower fan is installed in connecting tube, the obliquely downward of second dirt pocket is fixed with escape pipe;First dirt pocket Top is fixed with water injection pipe, and the bottom of first dirt pocket, which is fixed with blow-off pipe, the blow-off pipe, is provided with blowdown apparatus; Spray equipment and coarse filtration net are sequentially installed with from top to bottom in first dirt pocket;In second dirt pocket from top to bottom It is sequentially installed with electrostatic precipitator and absorbed layer.
The spray equipment includes return pipe, water circulating pump, water inlet pipe, isocon and spray head, wherein, the return pipe It is connected with the first dirt pocket, the water inlet end connection return pipe of the water circulating pump, the water side of the water circulating pump passes through water inlet Pipe connects the first dirt pocket, and the isocon is provided with many, and connects be fixed with spray on water inlet pipe, the isocon respectively Drench head.
Booster is connected with the water circulating pump.
The blowdown apparatus include cylinder, baffle plate, baffle installation base, spring, low water level sensor, high water level sensor and Control unit, wherein, the baffle plate is arranged in baffle installation base, is provided between one end of the baffle plate and baffle installation base Spring, the other end of the baffle plate is fixedly connected with the piston rod of cylinder, the low water level sensor and high water level sensor point Cylinder is not connected to by control unit, i.e., after control unit receives the high water level signal of high water level sensor, controls gas Cylinder is started working, and the piston rod on cylinder promotes baffle plate in baffle installation base, and blow-off pipe is opened;When control unit receive it is low After the low water level signal of level sensor, control cylinder is stopped, and the piston rod on cylinder shrinks, and spring, which releases baffle plate, pacifies Seat is filled, blow-off pipe is closed.
The electrostatic precipitator includes motor, timing belt and dust removing bar, and the motor is connected and driven by timing belt Dynamic dust removing bar work, the dust removing bar is many, and diameter of the diameter less than middle part dust removing bar of the dust removing bar of both sides.
The absorbed layer includes thin screen pack, charcoal absorption net and degerming net successively from the top down.
First blower fan is air-introduced machine, and second blower fan is air exhauster.
The bottom of first dirt pocket 1 is tapered.
The usefulness of the invention is that the big dust particle that the first dirt pocket is used in absorption air, the second dirt pocket is used Little particle dust in absorption air, multistage absorption is progressive, and dedusting is thorough;The present apparatus is also equipped with automatic pollution discharge simultaneously Function, the dust constantly deposition of the bottom of the first dirt pocket makes the water level above the first dirt pocket constantly rise, and is reaching Gao Shui Behind the position that level sensor is tested, water level signal is passed to control unit, control unit control cylinder by high water level sensor Start working, the piston rod on cylinder promotes baffle plate in baffle installation base, blow-off pipe is opened, and sludge is discharged, so as to change The mode of manual cleaning sludge, automaticity is higher.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of isocon of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that blowdown apparatus blow-off pipe of the present invention is closed;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that blowdown apparatus blow-off pipe of the present invention is opened;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of electrostatic precipitator of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the fundamental diagram of blowdown apparatus of the present invention.
In figure, the 1, first dirt pocket, the 2, second dirt pocket, 3, air inlet pipe, 4, escape pipe, 5, blow-off pipe, 6, blowdown apparatus, 7th, spray equipment, 8, absorbed layer, 9, electrostatic precipitator, 10, coarse filtration net, 11, connecting tube, 12, water injection pipe, the 13, first wind Machine, 14, the second blower fan, 15, booster, 601, cylinder, 602, baffle plate, 603, baffle installation base, 604, spring, 605, low water level Sensor, 606, high water level sensor, 607, control unit, 701, return pipe, 702, water circulating pump, 703, water inlet pipe, 704, Isocon, 705, spray head, 801, screen pack, 802, charcoal absorption net, 803, degerming net, 901, motor, 902, timing belt, 903rd, dust removing bar.
Embodiment
What the present invention was achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust, including the first dirt pocket 1, the second dirt pocket 2, air inlet pipe 3, escape pipe 4th, blow-off pipe 5, blowdown apparatus 6, spray equipment 7, absorbed layer 8, electrostatic precipitator 9, coarse filtration net 10, connecting tube 11, water filling Pipe 12, the first blower fan 13 and the second blower fan 14, it is characterised in that:First dirt pocket 1 is fixedly arranged at the front end with air inlet pipe 3, institute State and the first blower fan 13 is installed in air inlet pipe 3, first dirt pocket 1 is connected with the second dirt pocket 2 by connecting tube 11, described Second blower fan 14 is installed, the obliquely downward of second dirt pocket 2 is fixed with escape pipe 4 in connecting tube 11;First dedusting The top of room 1 is fixed with water injection pipe 12, and the bottom of first dirt pocket 1, which is fixed with blow-off pipe 5, the blow-off pipe 5, installs There is blowdown apparatus 6;Spray equipment 7 and coarse filtration net 10 are sequentially installed with from top to bottom in first dirt pocket 1;Described second Electrostatic precipitator 9 and absorbed layer 8 are sequentially installed with dirt pocket 2 from top to bottom.
The spray equipment 7 includes return pipe 701, water circulating pump 702, water inlet pipe 703, isocon 704 and spray head 705, wherein, the return pipe 701 is connected with the first dirt pocket 1, the water inlet end connection return pipe 701 of the water circulating pump 702, The water side of the water circulating pump 702 connects the first dirt pocket 1 by water inlet pipe 703, and the isocon 704 is provided with many, And connect respectively on water inlet pipe 703, the isocon 704 and be fixed with spray head 705.
Booster 15 is connected with the water circulating pump 702.
The blowdown apparatus 6 includes cylinder 601, baffle plate 602, baffle installation base 603, spring 604, low water level sensor 605th, high water level sensor 606 and control unit 607, wherein, the baffle plate 602 is arranged in baffle installation base 603, the gear Spring 604, the other end of the baffle plate 602 and the work of cylinder 601 are installed between one end of plate 602 and baffle installation base 603 Stopper rod is fixedly connected, and the low water level sensor 605 and high water level sensor 606 are connected to gas by control unit 607 respectively Cylinder 601, i.e., after control unit 607 receives the high water level signal of high water level sensor 606, control cylinder 601 works, cylinder Piston rod on 601 promotes baffle plate 602 in baffle installation base 603, and blow-off pipe 5 is opened;When control unit 607 receives low water After the low water level signal of level sensor 605, control cylinder 601 is stopped, and the piston rod on cylinder 601 shrinks, and spring 604 will Baffle plate 602 releases mounting seat, and blow-off pipe 5 is closed.
The electrostatic precipitator 9 includes motor 901, timing belt 902 and dust removing bar 903, and the motor 901 is by same Step band 902 connects and drives dust removing bar 903 to work, and the dust removing bar 903 is many, and the diameter of the dust removing bar 903 of both sides is small In the diameter of middle part dust removing bar 903.
The absorbed layer 8 includes thin screen pack 801, charcoal absorption net 802 and degerming net 803 successively from the top down.
First blower fan 13 is air-introduced machine, and second blower fan 14 is air exhauster.
The bottom of first dirt pocket 1 is tapered.
Operation principle:First, air enters the first dirt pocket 1, dust the in the presence of the first blower fan 13 through air inlet pipe 3 Once contacted with the current ejected in isocon 704, and the current in the first dirt pocket 1 are recirculated water, so largely Improve the utilization rate of water resource;Due to being provided with coarse filtration net 10 in the first dirt pocket 1, the dust of larger particles is absorbed, Because the bottom of the first dirt pocket 1 is tapered, the blowdown of the bottom of the first dirt pocket 1 can be deposited on for not absorbed dust Automatic pollution discharge is completed in pipe 5, the principle of automatic pollution discharge is such:The dust of the bottom of first dirt pocket 1 constantly deposition makes the The water level of the top of one dirt pocket 1 constantly rises, after the position that high water level sensor 606 is tested is reached, high water level sensor Water level signal is passed to control unit 607 by 606, and the control cylinder 601 of control unit 607 is started working, the piston on cylinder 601 Bar promotes baffle plate 602 in baffle installation base 603, and blow-off pipe 5 is opened, and sludge is discharged;With the continuous exclusion of sludge, water level Constantly decline, reach behind the position that low water level sensor 605 is tested, water level signal is passed to control by low water level sensor 605 Unit 607 processed, the control cylinder 601 of control unit 607 is stopped, and baffle plate 602 is promoted baffle plate to pacify by the piston rod on cylinder 601 Fill in seat 603, blow-off pipe 5 is closed, complete automatic blowdown function;Air enters in the presence of the second blower fan 14 through connecting tube 11 afterwards Enter the second dirt pocket 2, into after the second dirt pocket 2, dust removing bar 903 does not absorb also finally to the dust absorbing of less particle Dust granules filtered through thin screen pack 801 after be completely absorbed, complete to remove by charcoal absorption net 802 and degerming net 803 Taste and sterilization, clean air are discharged in escape pipe 4.
For the ordinary skill in the art, according to the teachings of the present invention, do not depart from the present invention principle with In the case of spirit, changes, modifications, replacement and the modification carried out to embodiment still fall within protection scope of the present invention it It is interior.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of environmental protecting device of absorption air dust, including the first dirt pocket, the second dirt pocket, air inlet pipe, escape pipe, blowdown Pipe, blowdown apparatus, spray equipment, absorbed layer, electrostatic precipitator, coarse filtration net, connecting tube, water injection pipe, the first blower fan and Two blower fans, it is characterised in that:Being fixedly arranged at the front end with air inlet pipe, the air inlet pipe for first dirt pocket is provided with the first wind Machine, first dirt pocket is connected with the second dirt pocket by connecting tube, and the second blower fan, described are provided with the connecting tube The obliquely downward of two dirt pockets is fixed with escape pipe;Water injection pipe, first dirt pocket are fixed with the top of first dirt pocket Bottom be fixed with blow-off pipe, the blow-off pipe blowdown apparatus be installed;Pacify successively from top to bottom in first dirt pocket Equipped with spray equipment and coarse filtration net;Electrostatic precipitator and absorption are sequentially installed with from top to bottom in second dirt pocket Layer.
2. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spray equipment includes back Water pipe, water circulating pump, water inlet pipe, isocon and spray head, wherein, the return pipe is connected with the first dirt pocket, the circulation The water inlet end connection return pipe of water pump, the water side of the water circulating pump connects the first dirt pocket, the shunting by water inlet pipe Pipe is provided with many, and connects be fixed with spray head on water inlet pipe, the isocon respectively.
3. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Connected on the water circulating pump There is booster.
4. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The blowdown apparatus includes gas Cylinder, baffle plate, baffle installation base, spring, low water level sensor, high water level sensor and control unit, wherein, the baffle plate is installed In baffle installation base, spring, the other end and gas of the baffle plate are installed between one end of the baffle plate and baffle installation base The piston rod of cylinder is fixedly connected, and the low water level sensor and high water level sensor are connected to cylinder by control unit respectively, I.e. after control unit receives the high water level signal of high water level sensor, control cylinder is started working, the piston rod on cylinder Baffle plate is promoted in baffle installation base, blow-off pipe is opened;After control unit receives the low water level signal of low water level sensor, Control cylinder is stopped, and the piston rod on cylinder shrinks, and baffle plate is released mounting seat by spring, and blow-off pipe is closed.
5. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The electrostatic precipitator bag Motor, timing belt and dust removing bar are included, the motor is connected by timing belt and drives dust removing bar to work, and the dust removing bar is many Root, and diameter of the diameter less than middle part dust removing bar of the dust removing bar of both sides.
6. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The absorbed layer is from the top down Include thin screen pack, charcoal absorption net and degerming net successively.
7. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First blower fan is air inducing Machine, second blower fan is air exhauster.
8. the environmental protecting device of absorption air dust according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bottom of first dirt pocket Portion is tapered.
CN201710746371.8A 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of environmental protecting device for absorbing air-borne dust Active CN107281880B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710746371.8A CN107281880B (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of environmental protecting device for absorbing air-borne dust

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710746371.8A CN107281880B (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of environmental protecting device for absorbing air-borne dust

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CN107281880A true CN107281880A (en) 2017-10-24
CN107281880B CN107281880B (en) 2018-07-03

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60142130A (en) * 1983-12-28 1985-07-27 Koujirou Keiyuu Air washer
CN2089117U (en) * 1991-01-29 1991-11-20 广东省机械研究所 Level type electric controlling automatic drainage by compression air
CN203389490U (en) * 2013-07-11 2014-01-15 湖北华净达环保设备有限公司 Asphalt smoke-gas treatment system
CN205495266U (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-24 江西省太平洋节能环保科技有限公司 Water -cooled tail -gas clean -up treatment facility

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60142130A (en) * 1983-12-28 1985-07-27 Koujirou Keiyuu Air washer
CN2089117U (en) * 1991-01-29 1991-11-20 广东省机械研究所 Level type electric controlling automatic drainage by compression air
CN203389490U (en) * 2013-07-11 2014-01-15 湖北华净达环保设备有限公司 Asphalt smoke-gas treatment system
CN205495266U (en) * 2016-04-08 2016-08-24 江西省太平洋节能环保科技有限公司 Water -cooled tail -gas clean -up treatment facility

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Effective date of registration: 20180530

Address after: 510200 two of Whampoa Road, Haizhuqu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, two, 2 1 buildings (for office use only).

Applicant after: Guangzhou Peng Yue Decoration Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: 431899 175 traffic road, new town, Jingshan County, Jingmen, Hubei, 175

Applicant before: Li Ping

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