CN107275891A - A kind of electric supply installation - Google Patents

A kind of electric supply installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107275891A
CN107275891A CN201710475606.4A CN201710475606A CN107275891A CN 107275891 A CN107275891 A CN 107275891A CN 201710475606 A CN201710475606 A CN 201710475606A CN 107275891 A CN107275891 A CN 107275891A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
jack
signal
supply installation
detector
electric supply
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710475606.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马佶
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MOST LUCKY TRADING Ltd
Original Assignee
MOST LUCKY TRADING Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by MOST LUCKY TRADING Ltd filed Critical MOST LUCKY TRADING Ltd
Priority to CN201710475606.4A priority Critical patent/CN107275891A/en
Publication of CN107275891A publication Critical patent/CN107275891A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02HEMERGENCY PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS
    • H02H5/00Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal non-electric working conditions with or without subsequent reconnection
    • H02H5/10Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal non-electric working conditions with or without subsequent reconnection responsive to mechanical injury, e.g. rupture of line, breakage of earth connection

Abstract

The present invention relates to electric energy transmission technology field, specifically related to a kind of electric supply installation, the electric supply installation includes zero line jack, firewire jack, earth jack, also include, detection unit, it is formed in the earth jack, the working condition current to obtain the earth jack, and according to current working condition formation first kind control signal or Equations of The Second Kind control signal and exports;Control unit, receives the signal of detection unit output, is to control in the state of first kind control signal to power to realize the transmission of electric energy to being arranged at the zero point jack, the lock pin in firewire jack in the signal of reception.Off-position is in being not inserted into zero line in the state of insert arrangement, the lock pin in live wire, can avoid occurring electric shock event.

Description

A kind of electric supply installation
Technical field
The present invention relates to electric energy transmission technology field, and in particular to a kind of electric supply installation.
Background technology
With the progress and growth in the living standard of the mankind, the application of electricity in daily life is very close, people's work Electricity is all be unable to do without with the aspect of life, the use occasion of especially power outlet is greatly increased, and the frequency of use of safety socket is carried Height, larger threat is brought to Electrical Safety, and the existing usual internal structure of safety socket includes:Bottom plate, lock pin, the lock pin It is arranged inside jack, a part for lock pin is directly connected to power supply, and is directly in conduction state, non-exhausted when being connected with lock pin During the external plug-in of edge, the lock pin of energization directly transmits electric energy to external plug-in.The outside of safety socket is generally with jack Form is presented, and hand-held sharp metal (such as tweezers, key) enters jack to detect jack, one infant sometimes out of curiosity Denier inserts live wire plug wire, then the electric shock time occurs, its consequence is hardly imaginable.
In order to overcome this defect, socket secure plug or safety head are also had on the market, the flame-arrester vent plug or safety head by Insulating materials is formed, when socket is in idle state, and flame-arrester vent plug or safety head are inserted in socket and cram socket aperture so that children Youngster or children can not complete " to detect " work, but such a mode one side of use adds the use cost of user, using not It is convenient, on the other hand when user forgets or ignores flame-arrester vent plug or safety head insertion, it still there are potential safety hazard.
The content of the invention
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of easy to use, use cost low and safe power supply Device.
On the one hand, the present invention provides a kind of electric supply installation, wherein, the electric supply installation include zero line jack, firewire jack, Earth jack, in addition to,
Detection unit, is formed in the earth jack, the working condition current to obtain the earth jack, and root First kind control signal or Equations of The Second Kind control signal are formed according to current working condition and are exported;
Control unit, receives the signal of the detection unit output, in the shape that the signal of reception is first kind control signal Control to power to realize the transmission of electric energy to being arranged at the zero point jack, the lock pin in firewire jack under state.
Preferably, above-mentioned a kind of electric supply installation, wherein:The detection unit includes:
Detector, is arranged at any two opposing sidewalls of the earth jack bottom;It there are in the detector In the state of barrier, the detector formation first detection signal;
Driver, is electrically connected with the detector, receives the first detection signal, and in the first detection signal The first kind control signal is formed under effect.
Preferably, above-mentioned a kind of electric supply installation, wherein:In the state of being not present in the detector and having a barrier, The detector formation second detects signal,
The driver forms Equations of The Second Kind control signal in the presence of the described second detection signal.
Preferably, above-mentioned a kind of electric supply installation, wherein:The depth of the vertical direction of the earth jack is not less than described The depth of the vertical direction of zero line jack and/or the firewire jack.
On the other hand, the present invention provides a kind of electric supply installation again, wherein, the electric supply installation includes zero line jack, live wire Jack, in addition to:
Detection unit, is formed in the zero line jack, the working condition current to obtain the zero line jack;And root According to current working condition formation first kind control signal or the output of Equations of The Second Kind control signal;
Control unit, receives the signal of the detection unit output, in the shape that the signal of reception is first kind control signal Control to power to the lock pin being arranged in the firewire jack under state to realize the transmission of electric energy.
Preferably, above-mentioned a kind of electric supply installation, wherein:The detection unit includes:
Detector, is arranged at any two opposing sidewalls of the zero line jack bottom;It there are in the detector In the state of barrier, the detector formation first detection signal;
Driver, is electrically connected with the detector, receives the first detection signal, and in the first detection signal The first kind control signal is formed under effect.
Preferably, above-mentioned a kind of electric supply installation, wherein:In the state of being not present in the detector and having a barrier, The detector formation second detects signal,
The driver forms Equations of The Second Kind control signal in the presence of the described second detection signal.
Preferably, above-mentioned a kind of electric supply installation, wherein:The depth of the vertical direction of the zero line jack is not less than described The depth of firewire jack vertical direction.
On the other hand, then a kind of electric supply installation is provided, wherein, including live wire metal insert, zero line metal insert, ground connection gold Belong to plug-in unit, wherein, the grounded metal insert length is not less than the live wire metal insert and/or zero line metal insert.
Compared with prior art, it is an advantage of the invention that:
(not there are in earth jack barrier in the state of) zero line, live wire being not inserted into the state of insert arrangement Interior lock pin is in off-position, in the case of it there are barrier in earth jack, electric on the lock pin in zero line, live wire To realize that electric energy is transmitted.When infant is mistakenly inserted in live wire socket with crack metal, now the lock pin in live wire is in power-off State, can avoid occurring electric shock event.
Brief description of the drawings
A kind of electrical block diagram for electric supply installation that Fig. 1 provides for the present invention;
A kind of circuit connection diagram for electric supply installation embodiment that Fig. 2 provides for the present invention;
Fig. 3 connects the structural representation of plug-in unit for a kind of electric supply installation embodiment that the present invention is provided.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.It is understood that this place is retouched The specific embodiment stated is used only for explaining the present invention, rather than limitation of the invention.It also should be noted that, in order to just Part related to the present invention rather than entire infrastructure are illustrate only in description, accompanying drawing.
Embodiment one
By taking Three-hole socket as an example.
As shown in Figure 1, on the one hand, the present invention provides a kind of electric supply installation, wherein, the electric supply installation is inserted including zero line Hole, firewire jack, earth jack, in addition to,
Detection unit, is formed in the earth jack, the working condition current to obtain the earth jack, and root First kind control signal or Equations of The Second Kind control signal are formed according to current working condition and are exported;First kind control signal and second Class control signal is mutex, for example, represented with binary signal, when first kind control signal is 0, Equations of The Second Kind control Signal is then 1;Otherwise when first kind control signal is 1, Equations of The Second Kind control signal is then 0.
Further, the detection unit includes:
Detector, is arranged at any two opposing sidewalls of the earth jack bottom;Institute is detected in the detector State in the state of there are barrier in earth jack, the detector formation first detection signal;I.e. when outside grafting is inserted When entering earth jack, external plug-in is clamped with earth jack, detector, which is detected, forms first kind control letter after external plug-in Number.
Driver, is electrically connected with the detector, receives the first detection signal, and in the first detection signal The first kind control signal is formed under effect.
Control unit, receives the signal of the detection unit output, in the shape that the signal of reception is first kind control signal Control to power to realize the transmission of electric energy to being arranged at the zero point jack, the lock pin in firewire jack under state.
The present invention operation principle be:Being not inserted into the state of insert arrangement (obstacle is not there are in earth jack In the state of thing) zero line, the lock pin in live wire be in off-position, in the case of it there are barrier in earth jack, On lock pin in zero line, live wire electricity with realize electric energy transmit.When infant is mistakenly inserted in live wire socket with crack metal, now Lock pin in live wire is in off-position, can avoid occurring electric shock event.
An embodiment is enumerated, as shown in Fig. 2 a kind of specifically used mode of electric supply installation:
Power supply unit 10, at least including civil power output end (L ends, N-terminal), civil power output end connects a full-wave rectifying circuit 100, full-wave rectifying circuit 100 by electric main to be converted into direct current, and mu balanced circuit is connected to output rectification circuit 100 Between publicly, the mu balanced circuit is connected and formed by the first voltage-regulator diode 101 and first resistor 103, protection circuit, just To the input of end connection mu balanced circuit, backward end connects the forward end of the first bypass circuit 1050, and protection circuit is by the one or two Pole pipe 102 is formed, and publicly, the first bypass circuit 1050 is formed by an electric capacity for the backward end connection of the first bypass circuit 1050, The input of first filter circuit 104 connects the forward end of the first bypass circuit 1050, and first filter circuit 104 is by an electricity Sense is formed.The output end of the output end formation power supply unit of first filter circuit 104.
Detector, at least including a photodiode, the photodiode include light emitting diode 12 and with it is described First triode 13 of the linkage of the first light emitting diode 12 effect, the forward end of first light emitting diode 12 passes through the second electricity Resistance 121 connects the output end of said supply unit;The input of first triode 13 connects first by 3rd resistor 131 Node N1, one end connection first node N1, the other end of the 4th resistance 132 connect the ground level of the second triode 14, the 5th resistance 133 one end connects first node N1, (colelctor electrode connects the defeated of power supply unit to the colelctor electrode of the other end the second triode 14 of connection Go out end);The one end of storage capacitor 1052 be connected to publicly, the other end connect the first node N1.
Driver, is mainly formed by an electromagnet 2, and one end of the electromagnet 2 connects the hair of second triode 14 Emitter-base bandgap grading, the other end connection of the electromagnet 2 is publicly.
Control unit, is mainly formed by a controller, and described controller (50,51) one end connects the live wire and powered respectively Wire, zero line current supply line, the other end of the controller connect the live wire wire of the power failure, zero line lock pin respectively. In the state of the conduction of electromagnet 2, the controller is in the conduction state, and the live wire lock pin, zero line lock pin are in power supply shape State.
The concrete operating principle of above-described embodiment is:There is barrier when the first light emitting diode 12 and the first triode 13 are not present Hinder in the state of thing, the luminous light of the first light emitting diode 12 drives the first triode 13 to turn on, now the second detection signal Formed, the ground level ground connection of the second triode 14, so the second triode 14 is in cut-off state, while storage capacitor 1052 is in Charged state, in the state of the first light emitting diode 12 and the first triode 13 there are barrier, the first light emitting diode 12 light sent can not drive the first triode 13, and the first triode 13 is in cut-off state, now first detection signal shape Into, storage capacitor 1052 is discharged by the 5th resistance 133, and the voltage of the first triode 13 is equal to the pressure drop of the 5th resistance 133, this When the second triode 14 collector voltage be power supply unit volume output voltage, now the second diode 14 turn on, on electromagnet 2 Electromagnetic field is produced on electricity, electromagnet 2 in the state of electricity, controller (50,51) is turned in the presence of electromagnetic field, now the fire Line lock pin, zero line lock pin connection power supply unit, the live wire lock pin 41, zero line lock pin 40 are in conduction state.
Further, in addition to the second light emitting diode 16 and the 6th resistance 161, when the second diode 14 is on shape Under state, the second light emitting diode 16 is in luminance.
Further, in addition to a reverse protection circuit, reverse protection circuit is connected to second diode 14 and launched Pole and publicly between, prevent electric current from pouring in down a chimney, the reverse protection circuit can be formed by the 3rd diode 15.
As further preferred embodiment, a kind of above-mentioned electric supply installation, wherein:Have in being not present in the detector In the state of barrier, the detector formation second detects signal,
The driver forms Equations of The Second Kind control signal in the presence of the described second detection signal.Equations of The Second Kind control signal In the presence of driver be in idle condition.
As further preferred embodiment, a kind of above-mentioned electric supply installation, wherein:The vertical direction of the earth jack Depth of the depth not less than the vertical direction of the zero line jack and/or the firewire jack.
In order to further provide for the safety in utilization of the electric supply installation, when the depth of the vertical direction of earth jack is not less than The depth of zero line jack vertical direction.
As shown in figure 3, a kind of electric supply installation proposed for this implementation, when the depth of the vertical direction of earth jack is not small In the depth of zero line jack vertical direction.Matched plug-in unit connector can be used.It is grounded the length of plug-in unit metal 42 More than the length of zero line metal 40 and/or live wire metal 41.
A kind of detector formed by photodiode has been suffered it should be noted that being provided in the present embodiment, can also have been adopted The detector formed with magnet, the detector formed by magnet can form the first control signal or the second control signal i.e. Can, do not have further restriction herein.
Although the present invention provide only Photoelectric Detection mode, magnet detection mode, this two kinds of detection modes are only to lift Example explanation, not to the exhaustion of embodiments of the present invention.
Embodiment two
The present invention provides a kind of embodiment of electric supply installation again, and the embodiment can be applied to the power supply dress of holes jack Put, because neutral voltage is 11V, and human safety voltage is 36V, provides a kind of slotting in zero line again based on this, in the present embodiment two Detector or detection unit are set to realize the purpose of safety detection, specifically in hole
A kind of electric supply installation, wherein, the electric supply installation includes zero line jack, firewire jack, in addition to:
Detection unit, is formed in the zero line jack, the working condition current to obtain the zero line jack;And root According to current working condition formation first kind control signal or the output of Equations of The Second Kind control signal;
Control unit, receives the signal of the detection unit output, in the shape that the signal of reception is first kind control signal Control to power to the lock pin being arranged in the firewire jack under state to realize the transmission of electric energy.
As further preferred embodiment, a kind of above-mentioned electric supply installation, wherein:The detection unit includes:
Detector, is arranged at any two opposing sidewalls of the zero line jack bottom;It there are in the detector In the state of barrier, the detector formation first detection signal;
Driver, is electrically connected with the detector, receives the first detection signal, and in the first detection signal The first kind control signal is formed under effect.
As further preferred embodiment, a kind of above-mentioned electric supply installation, wherein:Have in being not present in the detector In the state of barrier, the detector formation second detects signal,
The driver forms Equations of The Second Kind control signal in the presence of the described second detection signal.
As further preferred embodiment, a kind of above-mentioned electric supply installation, wherein:The Vertical Square of the zero line jack To depth be not less than the firewire jack vertical direction depth.
The operation principle of the present embodiment is:
(not there are in zero line jack barrier in the state of) zero line, live wire being not inserted into the state of insert arrangement Off-position is in, it is electric on zero line, live wire lock pin in the case of it there are barrier in earth jack.When infant uses When crack metal is mistakenly inserted in live wire socket device, it is impossible to occur electric shock event.
It should be noted that the safe and applicable property in order to further provide for the present invention, can in itself do further to barrier Limit, for example, first kind control signal can be achieved in the state of the shielded area matching predetermined pattern of barrier, work as barrier Shielded area mismatch predetermined pattern in the state of Equations of The Second Kind control signal etc. can be achieved.
Wherein predetermined pattern can be rectangle or trapezoidal etc., and exhaustion is not done herein.
Note, above are only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and institute's application technology principle.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that The invention is not restricted to specific embodiment described here, can carry out for a person skilled in the art it is various it is obvious change, Readjust and substitute without departing from protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, although the present invention is carried out by above example It is described in further detail, but the present invention is not limited only to above example, without departing from the inventive concept, also Other more equivalent embodiments can be included, and the scope of the present invention is determined by scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of electric supply installation, it is characterised in that:The electric supply installation includes zero line jack, firewire jack, earth jack, also wraps Include,
Detection unit, is formed in the earth jack, the working condition current to obtain the earth jack, and according to work as Preceding working condition formation first kind control signal or Equations of The Second Kind control signal are simultaneously exported;
Control unit, receives the signal of detection unit output, in the state of the signal of reception is first kind control signal Control to power to realize the transmission of electric energy to being arranged at the zero point jack, the lock pin in firewire jack.
2. a kind of electric supply installation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The detection unit includes:
Detector, is arranged at any two opposing sidewalls of the earth jack bottom;In there are obstacle in the detector In the state of thing, the detector formation first detection signal;
Driver, is electrically connected with the detector, receives the first detection signal, and in the effect of the first detection signal It is lower to form the first kind control signal.
3. a kind of electric supply installation according to claim 2, it is characterised in that have barrier in being not present in the detector In the state of, the detector formation second detects signal,
The driver forms Equations of The Second Kind control signal in the presence of the described second detection signal.
4. a kind of electric supply installation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the depth of the vertical direction of the earth jack Not less than the zero line jack and/or the depth of the vertical direction of the firewire jack.
5. a kind of electric supply installation, it is characterised in that the electric supply installation includes zero line jack, firewire jack, in addition to:
Detection unit, is formed in the zero line jack, the working condition current to obtain the zero line jack;And according to work as Preceding working condition formation first kind control signal or the output of Equations of The Second Kind control signal;
Control unit, receives the signal of detection unit output, in the state of the signal of reception is first kind control signal Control to power to realize the transmission of electric energy to the lock pin being arranged in the firewire jack.
6. a kind of electric supply installation according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The detection unit includes:
Detector, is arranged at any two opposing sidewalls of the zero line jack bottom;In there are obstacle in the detector In the state of thing, the detector formation first detection signal;
Driver, is electrically connected with the detector, receives the first detection signal, and in the effect of the first detection signal It is lower to form the first kind control signal.
7. a kind of electric supply installation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that have barrier in being not present in the detector In the state of, the detector formation second detects signal,
The driver forms Equations of The Second Kind control signal in the presence of the described second detection signal.
8. a kind of electric supply installation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the depth of the vertical direction of the zero line jack Not less than the depth of the firewire jack vertical direction.
9. a kind of electric supply installation, it is characterised in that including live wire metal insert, zero line metal insert, grounded metal plug-in unit, its In, the grounded metal insert length is not less than the live wire metal insert and/or zero line metal insert.
CN201710475606.4A 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 A kind of electric supply installation Pending CN107275891A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710475606.4A CN107275891A (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 A kind of electric supply installation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710475606.4A CN107275891A (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 A kind of electric supply installation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107275891A true CN107275891A (en) 2017-10-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710475606.4A Pending CN107275891A (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 A kind of electric supply installation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107275891A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4915639A (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-04-10 B.A.S.E.C. Industries, Ltd. "Smart" AC receptacle and complementary plug
CN102456997A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-05-16 湖南奥盟电器有限公司 Human body induction electric-shock-proof socket
CN104283039A (en) * 2014-10-02 2015-01-14 中国人民解放军第五七一九工厂 Electric shock preventing socket for safety utilization of electricity
CN204497431U (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-07-22 上杭建润电业有限公司 A kind of novel three insert straight inserting head
CN105870687A (en) * 2015-01-21 2016-08-17 苏州鑫来科技有限公司 Power socket having plug detection function
CN106329237A (en) * 2015-07-03 2017-01-11 广州市帝能电子有限公司 Safety socket

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4915639A (en) * 1988-11-08 1990-04-10 B.A.S.E.C. Industries, Ltd. "Smart" AC receptacle and complementary plug
CN102456997A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-05-16 湖南奥盟电器有限公司 Human body induction electric-shock-proof socket
CN104283039A (en) * 2014-10-02 2015-01-14 中国人民解放军第五七一九工厂 Electric shock preventing socket for safety utilization of electricity
CN105870687A (en) * 2015-01-21 2016-08-17 苏州鑫来科技有限公司 Power socket having plug detection function
CN204497431U (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-07-22 上杭建润电业有限公司 A kind of novel three insert straight inserting head
CN106329237A (en) * 2015-07-03 2017-01-11 广州市帝能电子有限公司 Safety socket

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Application publication date: 20171020

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