CN107269101B - A kind of anemometer tower and its installation method of extension - Google Patents

A kind of anemometer tower and its installation method of extension Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107269101B
CN107269101B CN201710478732.5A CN201710478732A CN107269101B CN 107269101 B CN107269101 B CN 107269101B CN 201710478732 A CN201710478732 A CN 201710478732A CN 107269101 B CN107269101 B CN 107269101B
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China
Prior art keywords
tower
pulley
layer
hawser
fixing piece
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CN201710478732.5A
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CN107269101A (en
Inventor
陆军
李光远
吴平平
张静波
马振军
陈�峰
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Guangdong Jing Yin Ocean Engineering Ltd Co
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Guangdong Jing Yin Ocean Engineering Ltd Co
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/18Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures movable or with movable sections, e.g. rotatable, telescopic
    • E04H12/182Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures movable or with movable sections, e.g. rotatable, telescopic telescopic
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/34Arrangements for erecting or lowering towers, masts, poles, chimney stacks, or the like

Abstract

The present invention relates to meteorological observation equipment technical field, solve the problem of that anemometer tower installation effectiveness is low and when installer at sea installs anemometer tower on platform in face of dangerous installation environment.A kind of anemometer tower of extension, including at least three layers of tower body, respectively bottom tower, middle layer tower and top layer tower;The bottom tower and middle layer tower are the truss structure in triangular platform, and the top layer tower is the truss structure in triangular pyramid;The middle layer tower is set in the bottom tower, and the top layer tower is set in the middle layer tower;It further include pulley gear and fixed device;The pulley gear includes first pulley group, second pulley group and third pulley blocks and hawser group;The fixed device includes the first fixing piece and the second fixing piece.

Description

A kind of anemometer tower and its installation method of extension
Technical field
The present invention relates to meteorological observation equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of anemometer tower of extension and its installation side Method.
Background technique
Currently, global every country all very pays close attention to the research and development of sustainable energy, wind energy is as renewable cleaning It is a kind of in the energy, there is huge development prospect.
Compared with land wind power plant, marine wind electric field has bigger advantage, such as its development efficiency is high, environmental pollution Small, wind energy content is big and the area etc. that will not occupy cultivated land.It, generally all can cloth across the sea in order to study marine wind electric field Anemometer tower is set, can generally take following two mode to carry anemometer tower to infield, one is install to transport again in land Defeated Attention problems position, but since anemometer tower is elongate structure, up to 100 meters of height, lifting, installation and transport are very Trouble, and the transportation cost generated therewith is very high.Another kind is on the way dismantling transport, then transports marine specified peace Holding position and on-site assembly, when assembling, can generally erect the pylon of bottom, then successively increase again, the installation of each layer of pylon It requires layering lifting and then assembles, while each layer requires to be fixed with layback hawser, however which is used to pacify Installation effectiveness is very low when dress, and with the raising of each layer of pylon, the danger coefficient that installer faces also is continuously increased, and every One layer requires to be fixed with two hawsers, virtually increases space multistory installation site, also brings along certain wind therewith Resistance brings security risk for anemometer tower.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to aiming at the deficiencies in the prior art, provide, a kind of installation effectiveness is high, facilitates installation Worker carries out the anemometer tower of the extension of installation exercise.
To achieve this purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of anemometer tower of extension, including at least three layers of tower Body, respectively bottom tower, middle layer tower and top layer tower;
The bottom tower and middle layer tower are the truss structure in triangular platform, and the top layer tower is the truss knot in triangular pyramid Structure;The middle layer tower is set in the bottom tower, and the top layer tower is set in the middle layer tower;
It further include pulley gear and fixed device;
The pulley gear includes first pulley group, second pulley group and third pulley blocks and hawser group;Described first is sliding Wheel group is set on bottom tower at nearly top surface, and the second pulley group is set at the bottom surface the middle layer Ta Shangjin, the third Pulley blocks are set at the top surface the middle layer Ta Shangjin;The hawser group successively bypasses the first pulley group, second cunning It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower after wheel group and the third pulley blocks;
The fixed device includes the first fixing piece and the second fixing piece;First fixing piece and the second fixing piece are The steel construction of hollow triangular platform, the inner hole of the hollow triangular platform are also in triangular platform shape;First fixing piece is set to described In bottom tower, and the most big end of its area of section is connected to the top surface of the bottom tower;Second fixing piece is set to described In the tower of middle layer, and its area of section most big end is connected to the top surface of the middle layer tower.
Preferably, the first pulley group includes the first from left pulley and a right pulley;The first from left pulley and described right one is slided Wheel is set on the bottom tower at nearly top surface and is oppositely arranged;
The second pulley group includes the second from left pulley and right two pulleys;The second from left pulley and right two pulley are set to institute It states at the bottom surface Ta Shangjin of middle layer and is oppositely arranged;
The third pulley includes left three pulleys and right three pulleys;Left three pulley and right three pulley are set to described At the top surface Ta Shangjin of middle layer and it is oppositely arranged;
The hawser group includes the first hawser and the second hawser;First hawser successively bypasses the first from left pulley, institute It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower after stating the second from left pulley and left three pulley;Second hawser successively bypasses described right one It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower after pulley, right two pulley and right three pulley.
Preferably, the hawser below the first from left pulley and the hawser below a right pulley are set to the bottom tower Outside;
Hawser between the second from left pulley and left three pulley is set in the middle layer tower, right two pulley and Hawser between right three pulley is set in the middle layer tower;
Preferably, the altitude range of the bottom tower is 30-40m, and the altitude range of the middle layer tower is 20-35m, described Top layer tower height degree range is 10-25m;
The size dimension of the bottom surface of the bottom tower is 8.5m.
Use the installation method of the anemometer tower of extension described above, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: the bottom tower is welded on anemometer tower mounting platform;
Step 2: first hawser and second hawser have been cut with scissors respectively with two winches, until the middle layer Taka enters In first fixing piece, the top layer Taka enters in second fixing piece;
Step 3: first hawser and second hawser are fixed on the anemometer tower mounting platform.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: 1, in anemometer tower installation process, whole process all do not need installer climb to it is described On bottom tower, the middle layer tower and the top layer tower, installer only needs to tense hawser on ground level, is in There are many relatively steady safety of environment, thus the safety of effective guarantee installer;
2, the middle layer tower snaps onto first fixing piece during installation, and the top layer tower is caught in during installation To in second fixing piece, being connected and fixed between each layer tower is facilitated, is conducive to improve installation effectiveness;
3, the bottom tower and the middle layer tower are in the desk-top truss of trigone, and the top layer tower is in the truss of trigone bevel-type, Its structure is than girder construction reasonable stress, and truss structure internal force is evenly distributed, the available sufficient embodiment of the strength of materials, institute It can adapt to the wind and waves environment on sea with it, it is not easy to be collapsed by blowing.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram when anemometer tower of extension is not installed;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram after the anemometer tower installation of extension.
Wherein: bottom tower 1, middle layer tower 2, top layer tower 3, pulley gear 4, fixed device 5, first pulley group 41, second is sliding Wheel group 42, third pulley blocks 43, hawser group 44, the first fixing piece 51, the second fixing piece 52, the first from left pulley 411, a right pulley 412, the second from left pulley 421, right two pulleys 422, left three pulleys 431, right three pulleys 432, the first hawser 441, the second hawser 442.
Specific embodiment
To further illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
A kind of anemometer tower of extension, including at least three layers of tower body, respectively bottom tower 1, middle layer tower 2 and top layer tower 3;
The bottom tower 1 and middle layer tower 2 are the truss structure in triangular platform, and the top layer tower 3 is the purlin in triangular pyramid Frame structure;The middle layer tower 2 is set in the bottom tower 1, and the top layer tower 3 is set in the middle layer tower 2;
It further include pulley gear 4 and fixed device 5;
The pulley gear 4 includes first pulley group 41, second pulley group 42 and third pulley blocks 43 and hawser group 44;Institute It states first pulley group 41 to be set on bottom tower 1 at nearly top surface, the second pulley group 42 is set to nearly bottom on the middle layer tower 2 At face, the third pulley blocks 43 are set on the middle layer tower 2 at nearly top surface;The hawser group 44 successively bypasses described first It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower 3 after pulley blocks 41, the second pulley group 42 and the third pulley blocks 43;
The fixed device 5 includes the first fixing piece 51 and the second fixing piece 52;First fixing piece 51 and second is solid Determine the steel construction that part 52 is hollow triangular platform, the inner hole of the hollow triangular platform is also in triangular platform shape;First fixing piece 51 are set in the bottom tower 1, and the most big end of its area of section is connected to the top surface of the bottom tower 1;Described second is solid Determine part 52 to be set in the middle layer tower 2, and its area of section most big end is connected to the top surface of the middle layer tower 2.
Anemometer tower is mounted on offshore platform, is typically on the sea far from continent due to offshore platform, is often had The case where wind and waves, when installer climbs to progress installation exercise on anemometer tower, the wind-force faced is just more big, and installation is enabled to make Industry difficulty increases, while its environment stayed is also more dangerous, and fairly good risk is just easy to cause safety accident.To the extension When the anemometer tower of formula is lifted, the hawser group 44 is gradually first tightened, the middle layer tower 2 is caught in first fixing piece 51 and works as In, continue to tighten the hawser group 44, the top layer tower 3 is finally caught in second fixing piece 52, finally only needs to lock The installation to anemometer tower can be realized in the hawser.Because during the installation process, it is whole all do not need installer climb to it is described On bottom tower 1, the middle layer tower 2 and the top layer tower 3, installer only needs to operate on ground level, is in There are many relatively steady safety of environment, thus the safety of effective guarantee installer.Moreover, the middle layer tower 2 is card during installation Entering to first fixing piece 51, the top layer tower 3 is snapped onto during installation in second fixing piece 52, they Do not need to be auxiliarily fixed with hawser onto ground, and exactly using the method that hawser is auxiliarily fixed be operation be quite cumbersome , and use the method operating process of clamping then easily very much, being connected and fixed between each layer tower is facilitated, is conducive to improve peace Fill efficiency.In addition, wind-force is very big on sea, the anemometer tower made of common telescopic sleeve is subjected to examining for incessantly wind-force It tests, the phenomenon that folding is blown down is blown in appearance, and the bottom tower 1 and the middle layer tower 2 in the design are in the desk-top truss of trigone, The top layer tower 3 is in the truss of trigone bevel-type, and structure is than girder construction reasonable stress, and truss structure internal force is evenly distributed, The available sufficient embodiment of the strength of materials, so it can adapt to the wind and waves environment on sea, it is not easy to be collapsed by blowing.
Further, the first pulley group 41 includes the first from left pulley 411 and a right pulley 412;The first from left pulley 411 and a right pulley 412 be set on the bottom tower 1 at nearly top surface and be oppositely arranged;
The second pulley group 42 includes the second from left pulley 421 and right two pulleys 422;The second from left pulley 421 and the right side Two pulleys 422 are set on the middle layer tower 2 at nearly bottom surface and are oppositely arranged;
The third pulley includes three pulley 431 of a left side and right three pulleys 432;Left three pulley 431 and described right three is slided Wheel 432 is set on the middle layer tower 2 at nearly top surface and is oppositely arranged;
The hawser group 44 includes the first hawser 441 and the second hawser 442;First hawser 441 is successively around described It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower 3 after the first from left pulley 411, the second from left pulley 421 and left three pulley 431;Described Two hawsers 442 are fixedly connected on after successively bypassing a right pulley 412, right two pulley 422 and right three pulley 432 On the top layer tower 3.
Above-mentioned setting guarantees the top layer tower 3 and the middle layer tower 2 stable action during installation, mean forced.Meanwhile The anemometer tower, which is provided only with two hawsers and traditional every layer of anemometer tower, two hawsers, if being provided with three layers of survey wind Tower is just compared with the method that six hawsers are fixed, advantageously reduces windage, is also beneficial to reduce space fixing body Product.
Further, the hawser of 412 lower section of hawser and a right pulley of 411 lower section of the first from left pulley is set to The outside of the bottom tower 1;
Hawser between the second from left pulley 421 and left three pulley 431 is set in the middle layer tower 2, the right side Hawser between two pulleys 422 and right three pulley 432 is set in the middle layer tower 2;
Because the bottom tower 1 is the foundation of bed rearrangement anemometer tower, whether stable and firm whether bed rearrangement anemometer tower is determined It is stable and firm, and the hawser of 412 lower section of the hawser of 411 lower section of the first from left pulley and a right pulley is set to the bottom When the outside of tower 1, because it forms triangle with the anemometer tower and ground, and triangle exactly has very high stability, So anemometer tower is less likely to occur to distort and deform, so being conducive to ensure secured.The wind-force that the top layer tower 3 is subject to is maximum, And the hawser of the second from left pulley 421 and left three pulley 431 is set in the middle layer tower 2, right two pulleys, 422 He When the hawser of right three pulley 432 is set in the middle layer tower 2, it is beneficial to prevent them and is affected by the wind and swing, To avoid the stability to the top layer tower 3 from impacting.
Further, the altitude range of the bottom tower 1 is 30-40m, and the altitude range of the middle layer tower 2 is 20- 35m, 3 altitude range of top layer tower are 10-25m;
The size dimension of the bottom surface of the bottom tower 1 is 8.5m.
When the anemometer tower of the extension is not installed due to it, maximum structure is bottom tower 1, compared with bed rearrangement anemometer tower Volume has been lacked much, is conducive to lift and transport.Tower body largely drops the anemometer tower within 40m during transportation The cost and difficulty of low transport.The side length of the bottom surface of the bottom tower 1 is very long, can enable the occupied area of the bottom tower 1 It is very big, the bottom tower 1 is fixedly secured on mounting platform, the peace of the anemometer tower can further be effectively ensured Entirely.
Use the installation method of the anemometer tower of extension described above, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: the bottom tower 1 is welded on anemometer tower mounting platform;
Step 2: first hawser 441 and second hawser 442 have been cut with scissors respectively with two winches, until the middle layer Tower 2 is caught in first fixing piece 51, and the top layer tower 3 is caught in second fixing piece 52;
Step 3: first hawser 441 and second hawser 442 are fixed on the anemometer tower mounting platform.
When successively increasing, each layer does not all need to be consolidated with layback hawser for the middle layer tower 2 and the bottom tower 1 It is fixed, it is only necessary to which that installer operates winch, simple to operate, has saved in each layer of set-up time, has improved peace Fill efficiency.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, according to the present invention Thought, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range, and the content of the present specification should not be construed as to the present invention Limitation.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of anemometer tower of extension, including at least three layers of tower body, respectively bottom tower, middle layer tower and top layer tower;
The bottom tower and middle layer tower are the truss structure in triangular platform, and the top layer tower is the truss structure in triangular pyramid; The middle layer tower is set in the bottom tower, and the top layer tower is set in the middle layer tower;
It is characterized by also including pulley gears and fixed device;
The pulley gear includes first pulley group, second pulley group and third pulley blocks and hawser group;The first pulley group It is set on bottom tower at nearly top surface, the second pulley group is set at the bottom surface the middle layer Ta Shangjin, the third pulley Group is set at the top surface the middle layer Ta Shangjin;The hawser group successively bypasses the first pulley group, the second pulley group It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower with after the third pulley blocks;
The fixed device includes the first fixing piece and the second fixing piece;First fixing piece and the second fixing piece are hollow The steel construction of triangular platform, the inner hole of the hollow triangular platform are also in triangular platform shape;First fixing piece is set to the bottom In tower, and the most big end of its area of section is connected to the top surface of the bottom tower;Second fixing piece is set to the middle layer In tower, and its area of section most big end is connected to the top surface of the middle layer tower;
The first pulley group includes the first from left pulley and a right pulley;The first from left pulley and a right pulley are set to the bottom It at nearly top surface and is oppositely arranged on layer tower;
The second pulley group includes the second from left pulley and right two pulleys;The second from left pulley and right two pulley are set in described It at nearly bottom surface and is oppositely arranged on layer tower;
The third pulley includes left three pulleys and right three pulleys;Left three pulley and right three pulley are set to the middle layer It at nearly top surface and is oppositely arranged on tower;
The hawser group includes the first hawser and the second hawser;First hawser successively bypasses the first from left pulley, the left side It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower after two pulleys and left three pulley;It is sliding that second hawser successively bypasses described right one It is fixedly connected on the top layer tower after wheel, right two pulley and right three pulley;
The hawser below hawser and a right pulley below the first from left pulley is set to the outside of the bottom tower;
Hawser between the second from left pulley and left three pulley is set in the middle layer tower, right two pulley and described Hawser between right three pulleys is set in the middle layer tower.
2. the anemometer tower of extension according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the altitude range of the bottom tower is 30- 40m, the altitude range of the middle layer tower are 20-35m, and the top layer tower height degree range is 10-25m;
The size dimension of the bottom surface of the bottom tower is 8.5m.
3. the installation method of the anemometer tower using extension described in the claims 2, which is characterized in that including following step It is rapid:
Step 1: the bottom tower is welded on anemometer tower mounting platform;
Step 2: cut with scissors first hawser and second hawser respectively with two winches, until the middle layer Taka enter it is described In first fixing piece, the top layer Taka enters in second fixing piece;
Step 3: first hawser and second hawser are fixed on the anemometer tower mounting platform.
CN201710478732.5A 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 A kind of anemometer tower and its installation method of extension Active CN107269101B (en)

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CN107269101B true CN107269101B (en) 2019-08-13

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3217907A1 (en) * 1982-05-12 1983-11-24 Geroh Mechanische Systeme Telescopic mast having a device for the self-balancing bracing of the mast during its erection and extension
CN201486198U (en) * 2009-08-10 2010-05-26 深圳市海生机房技术有限公司 Lifting tower and mobile base station
CN102817341A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-12 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Construction method for segmented installation of offshore anemometer tower and combination of high-altitude manufactured parts for assembly
WO2016120699A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Apollo Energy Services Corp. Transportable lighting system

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140311057A1 (en) * 2013-03-05 2014-10-23 News Sports Microwave Rental Inc, dba NSM Surveillance Maximum Strength, Reduce Weight Telescoping Mast with Interlocking Structural Elements

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3217907A1 (en) * 1982-05-12 1983-11-24 Geroh Mechanische Systeme Telescopic mast having a device for the self-balancing bracing of the mast during its erection and extension
CN201486198U (en) * 2009-08-10 2010-05-26 深圳市海生机房技术有限公司 Lifting tower and mobile base station
CN102817341A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-12 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Construction method for segmented installation of offshore anemometer tower and combination of high-altitude manufactured parts for assembly
WO2016120699A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 Apollo Energy Services Corp. Transportable lighting system

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