CN107266247A - A kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and preparation method - Google Patents

A kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107266247A
CN107266247A CN201710479105.3A CN201710479105A CN107266247A CN 107266247 A CN107266247 A CN 107266247A CN 201710479105 A CN201710479105 A CN 201710479105A CN 107266247 A CN107266247 A CN 107266247A
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China
Prior art keywords
biological
friendly type
days
type fertilizer
biological organic
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CN201710479105.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邬旭华
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Shanghai Stability Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Stability Biotechnology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710479105.3A priority Critical patent/CN107266247A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and preparation method, including main material, auxiliary material and biological bacterium solution, main material is feces of livestock and poultry, and auxiliary material is that, containing branch, bark, the garden waste fallen leaves, its main material presses 5 with auxiliary material:1‑3:1 is matched, and is stirred mixing with biological bacterium solution, and biological bacterium solution consumption is 0.2% the 0.5% of total amount;It uses Feedstock treating plus bacterium to mix to build and stamp that turning is secondary plus the process such as bacterium mixing test package, so that biological organic fertilizer nutrient is complete, can improved soil, improve the soil hardening caused using chemical fertilizer, improve soil physical and chemical property, enhancing soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, the ability of fertilizer;Meanwhile, strengthen the degeneration-resistant resistance against diseases of crop, reduce the disease index of continuous cropping crop, continuous cropping obstacle can be alleviated significantly by applying year after year, reduce environmental pollution, be a kind of environment-friendly type fertilizer to people, animal, Environmental security, nontoxic.

Description

A kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to bio-feritlizer preparing technical field, specially a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and making Method.
Background technology
As science and technology constantly develops, the production technology of fertilizer is also reformed therewith, and the kind of fertilizer is also increasing. Biological organic fertilizer refers to microorganisms with specific functions with main with plant and animal residues(Such as feces of livestock and poultry, agricultural crop straw)For source And the class being composited through harmless treatment, the organic materials become thoroughly decomposed has the fertilizer of microbial manure and organic fertilizer effect concurrently, It being capable of improved soil, the soil hardening that improvement is caused using chemical fertilizer.But currently for the preparation technology of bio-organic fertilizer It is complex so that each performance of organic fertilizer element can not give full play to, and cause raw material availability low, to soil physical and chemical property Influence is serious, pollutes environment, waste of resource.
The content of the invention
, being capable of conditioned soil it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and preparation method Earth, improves the soil hardening that is caused using chemical fertilizer, reduces environmental pollution, is a kind of environment-friendly type to people, animal, Environmental security, nontoxic Fertilizer, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula, including Main material, auxiliary material and biological bacterium solution, main material are feces of livestock and poultry, and auxiliary material is that the gardens containing branch, bark, fallen leaves are discarded Thing, its main material presses 5 with auxiliary material:1-3:1 is matched, and is stirred mixing with biological bacterium solution, and biological bacterium solution consumption is The 0.2%-0.5% of total amount.
It is preferred that, fertilizer moisture control 60-65%, i.e. hand pinch it is agglomerating do not drip, unclamp to dissipate and be advisable.
It is preferred that, the biological bacterium solution is formed by the bio-bacterial manure leavening sealing and fermenting that adds water.
It is preferred that, branch, bark, fallen leaves are ground into threadiness by the garden waste through patent covering crusher.
It is the preparation method that a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer is formulated that the present invention, which provides another technical scheme, including with Lower step:
S1:Once pulverize, garden waste branch, bark, fallen leaves are crushed to 10cm or so threadiness, it is stand-by;
S2:Biological bacteria liquid is activated, and 100g bio-bacterial manure leavenings are activated into 10 kilograms of bacterium solutions, and sealing and fermenting after a few days, is heard Represent to activate successfully to tart flavour or vinosity;
S3:Bio-bacterial manure fermentate is made, the biological bacteria activation liquid in S2 is uniformly blended into 200 kilograms of feces of livestock and poultry;
S4:Second day after S3, by 2 tons of garden waste uniform stirrings in bio-bacterial manure fermentate and S1;
S5:Second day after S4, the fertile heap of laying is adjusted moisture, controls mixed fertile heap humidity to be advisable with 40%-60%;
S6:The 3rd day after S5, one time fermentation is carried out, fertile heap starts heating, keep fertile heap moistening, normal temperature is carried out after lower 5 days Turning, then secondary turning is carried out after 5 days, terminate within 15 days or so;
S7:The 3rd day after S6, carry out it is secondary pulverizes, 4-5cm is crushed to using patent covering crusher uniform in size, texture Strong corpus fibrosum;
S8:The 4th day, secondary fermentation after S7, it is ensured that compost humidity, the appropriate biological fermented liquid of addition and feces of livestock and poultry, are allowed to Fully fermentation, carries out third time turning after seven days, then screen cloth is crossed after seven days, weeds out crushed material remaining after some fermentations;
S9:Continue one month or so in the total process of compost fermentation, complete fermentation, organic mat is packed.
It is preferred that, the determination methods of fertile heap humidity are in the S5:Hand pinch it is agglomerating do not drip, unclamp i.e. dissipate is advisable.
It is preferred that, more than 15 DEG C of the environment temperature of fertile heap laying in the S5, one time windrow is no less than 4 sides, piles width 1.5-2 meters, high 0.6 meter or so, the heap that does not limit of length, and stomata is got through in heap with rod.
It is preferred that, compost turning interval number of days is by environment temperature control, the turning in 3-5 days of its high temperature, low temperature 5-7 in the S6 Its turning.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:This biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer is formulated and preparation method, Biological organic fertilizer nutrient is complete, being capable of improved soil, the soil hardening that improvement is caused using chemical fertilizer, improvement soil physical chemistry Shape, enhancing soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, the ability of fertilizer;Beneficial microbe in this biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer enters after soil Mutual symbiosis Relationship With Proliferation is formed with Soil Microorganism, suppresses harmful bacteria growing and is converted into beneficial bacterium, interact, Mutually promote, play the synergy of colony, beneficial bacterium produces substantial amounts of metabolite during growth and breeding, promotes organic The decomposition and inversion of thing, directly or indirectly can provide a variety of nutrition and pungent for crop, promote and regulation and control plant growth, carry High soil porosity, penetrating exchangeability and plant survival rate, increase beneficial bacterium and edaphon and population;Meanwhile, in crop The advantage profitable strain of root system formation can suppress harmful pathogen procreation, the degeneration-resistant resistance against diseases reduction continuous cropping crop of enhancing crop Disease index, continuous cropping obstacle can be alleviated significantly by applying year after year, reduce environmental pollution, be a kind of to people, animal, Environmental security, nontoxic Environment-friendly type fertilizer.
Embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is will be detailed below, however, the embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto.Based in the present invention Embodiment, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
In the embodiment of the present invention:A kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula, including main material, auxiliary material and biological bacteria Liquid, main material is feces of livestock and poultry, and auxiliary material is that, containing branch, bark, the garden waste fallen leaves, garden waste is covered through patent Branch, bark, fallen leaves are ground into threadiness by thing crusher, and its main material presses 5 with auxiliary material:1-3:1 is matched, and with life Thing bacterium solution is stirred mixing, and biological bacterium solution consumption is the 0.2%-0.5% of total amount, and biological bacterium solution is added water by bio-bacterial manure leavening Sealing and fermenting is formed;Wherein, main material is not limited to feces of livestock and poultry, in addition to marc, bagasse, edible fungi residues, vinasse, beer Vinasse, sugar residue, acid-sludge, fecula, manioc waste, citric acid waste, soy sauce residues, residue of monosodium glutamate, granulated slag, soybean residue, the dregs of a decoction, the dregs of fat, oil Grouts, bran, cotton rapeseed meal, the feed that goes mouldy, sludge, sugar refinery brewery slag mud, butcher leftover bits and pieces, swill(Swill)Water, leftover etc. are big Ancestor's material;Auxiliary material also include various agricultural crop straws, leaf weeds, melon vine, straw, loose shell, peanut shell, wood sawdust, rice husk powder, Chaff etc. of uniting is dried, crushed, high-carbon.
A kind of preparation method of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula, comprises the following steps:
The first step:Once pulverize, garden waste branch, bark, fallen leaves are crushed to 10cm or so threadiness, it is stand-by;
Second step:Biological bacteria liquid is activated, and 100g bio-bacterial manure leavenings are activated into 10 kilograms of bacterium solutions, several days of sealing and fermenting Afterwards, smell tart flavour or vinosity represents to activate successfully;
3rd step:Bio-bacterial manure fermentate is made, the biological bacteria activation liquid in second step is uniformly blended into 200 kilograms of animal dungs Just;
4th step:Second day after step 3, bio-bacterial manure fermentate is uniformly stirred with 2 tons of garden wastes in step one Mix;
5th step:Second day after step 4, the fertile heap of laying, more than 15 DEG C of the environment temperature of fertile heap laying, one time windrow is many In 4 sides, wide 1.5-2 meters, high 0.6 meter or so, the heap that does not limit of length are piled, and stomata is got through in heap with rod;Moisture is adjusted again, Mixed fertile heap humidity is controlled to be advisable with 40%-60%, the determination methods of fertile heap humidity are:Hand pinch it is agglomerating do not drip, release is Dissipate and be advisable;
6th step:The 3rd day after step 5, one time fermentation is carried out, fertile heap starts heating, keep fertile heap moistening, lower 5 days of normal temperature A turning is carried out afterwards, then carries out secondary turning after 5 days, and it is by environment temperature control, high temperature turning in 3-5 days, low temperature 5-7 Its turning, terminates for 15 days or so;
7th step:The 3rd day after step 6, progress is secondary to be pulverized, and 4-5cm sizes are crushed to using patent covering crusher Uniformly, the strong corpus fibrosum of texture;
8th step:The 4th day, secondary fermentation after step 7, it is ensured that compost humidity, the appropriate biological fermented liquid of addition and livestock and poultry Excrement, is allowed to fully fermentation, and third time turning is carried out after seven days, then screen cloth is crossed after seven days, weeds out remaining after some fermentations Crushed material;
9th step:Continue one month or so in the total process of compost fermentation, complete fermentation, organic mat is packed.
In summary:This biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer is formulated and preparation method, and biological organic fertilizer nutrient is complete, energy Enough improved soils, improve the soil hardening caused using chemical fertilizer, improve soil physical and chemical property, enhancing soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, fertilizer Ability;Beneficial microbe in this biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer forms mutual after entering soil with Soil Microorganism Symbiosis Relationship With Proliferation, suppresses harmful bacteria growing and is converted into beneficial bacterium, interact, mutually promote, the collaboration for playing colony is made With beneficial bacterium produces substantial amounts of metabolite during growth and breeding, promotes the decomposition and inversion of organic matter, can be directly or indirectly There is provided a variety of nutrition and pungent for crop, promote and regulation and control plant growth, improve soil porosity, penetrating exchangeability and Plant survival rate, increase beneficial bacterium and edaphon and population;Meanwhile, it can press down in the advantage profitable strain of crop root formation Opportunistic pathogen procreation of falling ill is formed with, the degeneration-resistant resistance against diseases of enhancing crop reduces the disease index of continuous cropping crop, and apply year after year to delay significantly Continuous cropping obstacle is solved, environmental pollution is reduced, is a kind of environment-friendly type fertilizer to people, animal, Environmental security, nontoxic.
Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula, it is characterised in that including main material, auxiliary material and biological bacterium solution, main original Expect for feces of livestock and poultry, auxiliary material be containing branch, bark, fallen leaves garden waste, its main material presses 5 with auxiliary material:1-3:1 enters Row proportioning, and mixing is stirred with biological bacterium solution, biological bacterium solution consumption is the 0.2%-0.5% of total amount.
2. a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fertilizer moisture contains Amount control 60-65%, i.e. hand pinch it is agglomerating do not drip, unclamp i.e. dissipate is advisable.
3. a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the biological bacterium solution by The bio-bacterial manure leavening sealing and fermenting that adds water is formed.
4. a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the garden waste Branch, bark, fallen leaves are ground into threadiness through patent covering crusher.
5. a kind of preparation method of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including Following steps:
S1:Once pulverize, garden waste branch, bark, fallen leaves are crushed to 10cm or so threadiness, it is stand-by;
S2:Biological bacteria liquid is activated, and 100g bio-bacterial manure leavenings are activated into 10 kilograms of bacterium solutions, and sealing and fermenting after a few days, is heard Represent to activate successfully to tart flavour or vinosity;
S3:Bio-bacterial manure fermentate is made, the biological bacteria activation liquid in S2 is uniformly blended into 200 kilograms of feces of livestock and poultry;
S4:Second day after S3, by 2 tons of garden waste uniform stirrings in bio-bacterial manure fermentate and S1;
S5:Second day after S4, the fertile heap of laying is adjusted moisture, controls mixed fertile heap humidity to be advisable with 40%-60%;
S6:The 3rd day after S5, one time fermentation is carried out, fertile heap starts heating, keep fertile heap moistening, normal temperature is carried out after lower 5 days Turning, then secondary turning is carried out after 5 days, terminate within 15 days or so;
S7:The 3rd day after S6, carry out it is secondary pulverizes, 4-5cm is crushed to using patent covering crusher uniform in size, texture Strong corpus fibrosum;
S8:The 4th day, secondary fermentation after S7, it is ensured that compost humidity, the appropriate biological fermented liquid of addition and feces of livestock and poultry, are allowed to Fully fermentation, carries out third time turning after seven days, then screen cloth is crossed after seven days, weeds out crushed material remaining after some fermentations;
S9:Continue one month or so in the total process of compost fermentation, complete fermentation, organic mat is packed.
6. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described The determination methods of fertile heap humidity are in S5:Hand pinch it is agglomerating do not drip, unclamp i.e. dissipate is advisable.
7. in a kind of preparation method of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 5, it is characterised in that institute State in S5 more than 15 DEG C of the environment temperature of fertile heap laying, one time windrow is no less than 4 sides, pile wide 1.5-2 meters, high 0.6 meter or so, The heap that length is not limited, and stomata is got through in heap with rod.
8. the preparation method of a kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described Compost turning interval number of days is by environment temperature control, the turning in 3-5 days of its high temperature, low temperature turning in 5-7 days in S6.
CN201710479105.3A 2017-06-22 2017-06-22 A kind of biological organic environment-friendly type fertilizer formula and preparation method Pending CN107266247A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108101605A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-01 常州新园市政绿化有限公司 A kind of separating twice organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN113527013A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-22 湖州壤之沃生物技术有限公司 Soil ecological environment health-care matrix and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108101605A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-01 常州新园市政绿化有限公司 A kind of separating twice organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN113527013A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-22 湖州壤之沃生物技术有限公司 Soil ecological environment health-care matrix and preparation method thereof

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