CN107264738A - Ship intelligent alarm system and ship - Google Patents

Ship intelligent alarm system and ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107264738A
CN107264738A CN201710712105.3A CN201710712105A CN107264738A CN 107264738 A CN107264738 A CN 107264738A CN 201710712105 A CN201710712105 A CN 201710712105A CN 107264738 A CN107264738 A CN 107264738A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ship
unit
control
alarm
ships
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Application number
CN201710712105.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林英狮
张念华
田诚
马汇文
姚玉霞
Original Assignee
福建飞通通讯科技股份有限公司
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Application filed by 福建飞通通讯科技股份有限公司 filed Critical 福建飞通通讯科技股份有限公司
Priority to CN201710712105.3A priority Critical patent/CN107264738A/en
Publication of CN107264738A publication Critical patent/CN107264738A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B45/00Arrangements or adaptations of signalling or lighting devices
    • B63B45/08Arrangements or adaptations of signalling or lighting devices the devices being acoustic
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B49/00Arrangements of nautical instruments or navigational aids

Abstract

A kind of ship intelligent alarm system and ship that the present invention is provided, are related to ship navaid field.The information such as the position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of other ships are confirmed by communication unit, and the information such as the position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of this ship are gathered by data acquisition unit, control process unit is calculated according to two kinds of information, when this ship is in the different speed of a ship or plane, using different early-warning conditions, when the operational configuration of other ships reaches early-warning conditions, control alarm unit is alarmed, so that other ships of this ship energy are effectively avoided;When ship enters port area, because yard craft density is excessive, system automatic closing and alarm avoids unnecessary upset;When ship enters the specific bodies of water, voice message is carried out by alarm unit, crewman is effectively carried out course line adjustment, the generation of accident is reduced, it is ensured that safety of ship.

Description

Ship intelligent alarm system and ship
Technical field
The present invention relates to ship navaid field, in particular to a kind of ship intelligent alarm system and ship.
Background technology
China is world fisheries big country, the wherein national people of fishing population 2081.03 ten thousand in 2010, fishery practitioner 1399.21 ten thousand people;Possess 106.56 ten thousand, fishing boat, account for more than the total a quarter of Fishing Vessels in World;Aquatic products total output accounts for the world Aquatic products total output proportion is more than 1/3rd;The trillion yuan of the fishery economic gross output value 1.28, wherein 675,000,000,000 yuan of the fishery output value, are accounted for Agriculture value proportion is 9.3%.Develop fish production to ensureing national food safety, increase agriculture fisherfolk income, promoting ecological text It is bright, safeguard that maritime rights and interests etc. are respectively provided with significance.Fishing boat production operation has mobility, randomness, because of weather, sea situation, fishing News, operation habit and it is different;Fishing boat ride the sea operation when, due to intersecting each other with shipping route, touch again and again Hit accident;Operation on the sea fishing boat substantially belongs to masses' fishing boat, and production organization degree is low.
At the same time, safety problem of China's fishery fishing boat during navigation work production also can not be ignored.At present, fishing Industry ship typically carries out navaid, i.e. AIS systems using radar detection target, Ren Gong lookouts, ship automatic identification system, realize with Passing ship is effectively avoided, to avoid the generation of Collision Accidents of Ships.Radar detection and Ren Gong look to people according to Rely very by force, there must be special messenger on duty.Alarm of the data without differentiation avoided again only to ship of AIS systems.
Also, based on the new data interaction of AIS systems, the situation that Faxian shows name of vessel information is whether there is often, is caused so The factor of problem has following two:One is due to time-out refreshing caused by transmission data packetloss, is made to all information quilts of reception Refresh and remove, information reception need to be re-started, cause name of vessel not show;Two be due to that the different information types of AIS have different Update interval, static information was updated at intervals of 6 minutes, multidate information depend on the speed of a ship or plane and ship to change, have 2s, 31/3s, 5 kinds of report intervals of 6s, 10s, 30s, generally receive multidate information and show immediately, and name of vessel information only receive it is quiet It can just be shown during state information, cause name of vessel can not show often.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of ship intelligent alarm system and ship, other are confirmed by communication unit The information such as position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of ship, and gather by data acquisition unit the letter such as position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of this ship Breath, control process unit is calculated according to two kinds of information, when this ship is in the different speed of a ship or plane, using different early warning bars Part, when the operational configuration of other ships reaches early-warning conditions, control alarm unit is alarmed, so that this ship can other ships Oceangoing ship is effectively avoided;When ship enters port area, because yard craft density is excessive, system automatic closing and alarm is avoided not It is necessary to upset;When ship enters the specific bodies of water, voice message is carried out by alarm unit, crewman is effectively carried out course line Adjustment, reduces the generation of accident, it is ensured that safety of ship.
What the present invention was realized in:
A kind of ship intelligent alarm system, the system includes:Control process unit, communication unit, data acquisition unit, Power subsystem and alarm unit;
The communication unit is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the communication unit is used to set up and other ships Between data communication, wherein, the content of the data communication includes the operational configuration information of other ships;
The data acquisition unit is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the data processing unit is used to gather institute State the operational configuration information of ship;
The power subsystem is electrically connected with the control process unit, for being provided for the control process unit unit Electric energy;
The control process unit is by the operational configuration information of the other ships obtained by the communication unit and place The operational configuration information of ship is compared, and when comparison result reaches default early-warning conditions, at control and the control The alarm unit that reason unit is electrically connected with is alarmed.
Further, the communication unit includes transmission sub-unit, receiving subelement, conversion subunit and communication antenna;
The conversion subunit is electrically connected with via the transmission sub-unit and the control process unit, described to send son Unit be used for by the operational configuration information of place ship via the conversion subunit send to the conversion subunit The communication antenna being electrically connected with, is sent the operational configuration information of place ship by the communication antenna;
The conversion subunit is electrically connected with via the receiving subelement and the control process unit, the communication day Line will receive described in other ships operational configuration information transfer to the conversion subunit, the conversion subunit is by institute The operational configuration information for stating other ships is transmitted to the control process unit by the receiving subelement, wherein, the boat Row status information includes position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of ship.
Further, the data acquisition unit includes locator unit and coursespeed collection subelement;
The locator unit is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the locator unit is used for ship where gathering The positional information of oceangoing ship is sent to the control process unit;
The coursespeed collection subelement is electrically connected with the control process unit, and coursespeed collection is single Member is used for the course of ship where gathering and navigational speed information is transmitted to the control process unit.
Further, the control process unit is additionally operable to when the position of place ship is located at port location set in advance When, the alarm unit is controlled without alarm.
Further, the control process unit is controlled also with when the position of place ship is located at waters set in advance The waters that the alarm unit is located at according to place ship is made to be alarmed.
Further, the control process unit is additionally operable to when the speed of a ship or plane of place ship exceedes the default speed of a ship or plane, according to institute Least meeting distance and minimum meeting are calculated in the operational configuration information of ship and the operational configuration information of other ships The chance time, when the least meeting distance is less than default meeting distance or the minimum can meet the time and be less than and default can meet the time When, control the alarm unit to be alarmed.
Further, the control process unit is additionally operable to be less than the default speed of a ship or plane in the speed of a ship or plane of place ship and persistently preset During hours underway, calculated according to the operational configuration information of the operational configuration information of place ship and other ships, when Other described ships can enter the preset range of place ship in preset time and the speed of a ship or plane of other ships is more than described During the default speed of a ship or plane, the alarm unit is controlled to be alarmed.
Further, the system also includes display unit, and the display unit electrically connects with the control process unit Connect;
The display unit is used for the operational configuration information of ship where showing and the operational configuration letter of other ships Breath.
Further, the power subsystem includes Charge Management subelement, battery and power supply interface, the battery and described Power supply interface is electrically connected with via the Charge Management subelement and the control process unit, and the power supply interface shows with described Show that unit is electrically connected with;
When the power supply interface is connected with external power source, the external power source is by the power supply interface to the system It is powered and the battery is charged;
When the power supply interface is not connected with having external power source, the battery to the system to being powered.
A kind of ship, the ship is equipped with above-mentioned ship intelligent alarm system.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:A kind of ship intelligent alarm system that the present invention is provided And ship, the information such as the position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of other ships are confirmed by communication unit, and adopt by data acquisition unit Collect the information such as the position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of this ship, control process unit is calculated according to two kinds of information, is in this ship During the different speed of a ship or plane, using different early-warning conditions, when the operational configuration of other ships reaches early-warning conditions, control alarm is single Member is alarmed, so that other ships of this ship energy are effectively avoided;When ship enters port area, because yard craft is close Spend greatly, system automatic closing and alarm avoids unnecessary upset;When ship enters the specific bodies of water, carried out by alarm unit Voice message, enables crewman effectively to carry out course line adjustment, reduces the generation of accident, it is ensured that safety of ship.
To enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to become apparent, preferred embodiment cited below particularly, and coordinate Appended accompanying drawing, is described in detail below.
Brief description of the drawings
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.The present invention implementation being generally described and illustrated herein in the accompanying drawings The component of example can be arranged and designed with a variety of configurations.Therefore, reality of the invention below to providing in the accompanying drawings The detailed description for applying example is not intended to limit the scope of claimed invention, but is merely representative of the selected implementation of the present invention Example.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, what those of ordinary skill in the art were obtained under the premise of creative work is not made Every other embodiment, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Fig. 1 shows a kind of structural representation for ship intelligent alarm system that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Fig. 2 shows the structural representation for the communication unit that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Fig. 3 shows the structural representation for the data acquisition unit that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Fig. 4 shows a kind of another structural representation for ship intelligent alarm system that first embodiment of the invention is provided Figure.
Icon:100- ship intelligent alarm systems;110- control process units;120- communication units;121- communication antennas; 123- conversion subunits;125- transmission sub-units;127- receiving subelements;130- data acquisition units;131- locator units; 133- coursespeeds gather subelement;140- power subsystems;141- Charge Management subelements;143- batteries;145- power supply interfaces; 150- alarm units;160- display units.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Ground is described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the invention, rather than whole embodiments.Generally exist The component of the embodiment of the present invention described and illustrated in accompanying drawing can be arranged and designed with a variety of configurations herein.Cause This, the detailed description of the embodiments of the invention to providing in the accompanying drawings is not intended to limit claimed invention below Scope, but it is merely representative of the selected embodiment of the present invention.Based on embodiments of the invention, those skilled in the art are not doing The every other embodiment obtained on the premise of going out creative work, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
First embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 shows a kind of structure for ship intelligent alarm system that first embodiment of the invention is provided Schematic diagram.
Ship intelligent alarm system 100, including control process unit 110, communication unit 120, data acquisition unit 130, Power subsystem 140 and alarm unit 150, control process unit 110 and communication unit 120, data acquisition unit 130, power supply list Member 140 and alarm unit 150 are electrically connected with.
In the present embodiment, communication unit 120 is used for the data communication set up between other ships.Communication unit 120 leads to Cross antenna and receive the unlimited electric signal of other ships transmission and obtain the operational configuration information of other ships, by other ships received Oceangoing ship send operational configuration information transfer to control process unit 110, wherein, operational configuration information include Hull Number, accommodation, ship Speed, ship to etc. ship sail information.
In the present embodiment, data acquisition unit 130 gathers the operational configuration information of this ship, and by the navigation shape of this ship State information transfer is to control process unit 110.
In the present embodiment, control process unit 110 sends out the operational configuration information of this ship via communication unit 120 Go, to realize the data communication between other ships.Meanwhile, control process unit 110 is by the operational configuration information of this ship It is compared with the operational configuration information of other ships, when comparison result reaches default early-warning conditions, controls alarm unit 150 are alarmed.Different according to the speed of a ship or plane of this ship, default early-warning conditions are also different.
When the headway of this ship exceedes the default speed of a ship or plane, ship intelligent alarm system 100 enters membership and meets alarm mould Formula, control process unit 110 according to the current location of the current location of this ship, course and the speed of a ship or plane and other ships, course and The least meeting distance and minimum that speed of a ship or plane calculating obtains this ship and other ships can be met the time, and the minimum calculated can be met Distance and minimum can meet the time respectively with default meeting distance and can be compared the time of meeting, when the minimum calculated can be met Distance is less than default meeting distance or minimum can meet the time be less than it is default control alarm unit 150 is alarmed when can meet the time, To point out crewman preferably to handle in time, to avoid causing dangerous accident with other ship collisions.
After the headway of this ship is less than the default speed of a ship or plane and the duration exceedes default hours underway, ship intelligence Warning system 100 will enter Zone Alerts pattern, and control process unit 110 is by set the pre- of preset range centered on this ship Alert circle, is calculated according to the current location, course and the speed of a ship or plane of the current location of this ship, course and the speed of a ship or plane and other ships, When other ships will enter the prewarning chamber of the preset range of this ship in preset time, control alarm unit 150 is reported It is alert, to point out crewman preferably to handle in time, to avoid causing dangerous accident with other ship collisions.Wherein, when other ships Speed of a ship or plane when being less than the default speed of a ship or plane, alarm unit 150 is without alarm.
When the position of this ship is located at port location set in advance, ship intelligent alarm system 100 approaches mould Formula, because concentration of vessel is excessive in harbour, control process unit 110 closes alarm unit 150, in order to avoid cause unnecessary upset.
In the present embodiment, ship intelligent alarm system 100 automatically switches according to default condition in three kinds of alarm modes. For example, the default speed of a ship or plane is 1.5 sections, it is 5 minutes to preset hours underway, then, as long as the speed of a ship or plane of this ship is more than 1.5 sections, ship Intelligent alarm system 100, which is put into, can meet alarm mode.In it can meet alarm mode, default meeting distance can be 0.2 nautical mile, What it was set may range from 0.1-0.5 in the sea.Default can be 20 minutes the time of meeting, and what it was set may range from 10- 30 minutes.As long as the minimum calculated can meet one of time or least meeting distance less than default condition, just start Alarm unit 150 is alarmed.After the speed of a ship or plane of this ship is saved less than 1.5 and continues 5 minutes, ship intelligent alarm system 100 It is put into Zone Alerts pattern.In Zone Alerts pattern, the prewarning chamber set centered on this ship can be 0.2 nautical mile, What it was set may range from 0.1-0.5 in the sea, and other ships, which are calculated in preset time, just to start report into prewarning chamber Alert unit 150 is alarmed.Preset time can be 30 minutes, can also set other times.Wherein, Zone Alerts pattern In, (1.5 sections are exemplified as herein), when the speed of a ship or plane of other ships is less than the default speed of a ship or plane even if other ships can be in preset time Enter the prewarning chamber of this ship (being exemplified as 30 minutes) herein in, alarm unit 150 is not actuated for alarm yet.In this ship When position enters port location set in advance, ship intelligent alarm system 100 approaches pattern.In the pattern of approaching, because The density of ship is excessive in harbour, closes alarm unit 150 to avoid causing unnecessary upset.Cause is in harbour, each ship The speed of a ship or plane it is very low, and in the case where density is excessive, the navigation of each ship is also more careful, the possibility collided Less.Alarm mode, Zone Alerts pattern and the pattern Three models of approaching can be met can be according to the speed of a ship or plane of this ship and this ship Position is automatically switched, the automatic navigation adapted under the different speed of a ship or plane of diverse location, it is ensured that the security of navigation.
In the present embodiment, the operational configuration information for other ships that communication unit 120 is received includes other ships Hull Number, other side's ship is recognized by the Hull Number of other ships, when the Hull Number for having ship is the close friend that control process unit 110 is set During ship, no matter whether the navigation of other side's ship meets the condition that the ship intelligent alarm system 100 of this ship is alarmed, All without alarm.
In the present embodiment, the data communication between this ship and other ships is to be based on ship automatic identification system (Automatic Identification System, AIS) is come what is realized, and the pass between the name of vessel of AIS equipment and identification code System is mutual correspondence and unique, and is put on record by relevant departments.The AIS equipment registered by collecting relevant departments is believed Breath, makes Waterborne movable communication business identification code (Maritime Mobile Service Identify, MMSI) and ship ship The one-to-one database of name, the database of embedded ship name of vessel in AIS system softwares is dynamically believed by the AIS received Corresponding ship name of vessel and shown in breath system automatic data collection identification code searching data storehouse.Due to the ship ship stored in database Name quantity is up to millions of, in order to reach quick indexing, MMSI is carried out to orderly arrangement, looked into using binary chop Ask, improve and search speed.The advantage of the database of embedded ship name of vessel is that display speed is fast in AIS system softwares, and not Influence AIS systems are normally run.For example in quantity 1 × 106Database lookup, the situation most by number of times is searched, at last Secondary two points are just found target, and dichotomy time complexity is O (N), then according to formula:
O (N)=log(2)1×106,
Corresponding name of vessel can be indexed 20 times and can quickly show by about needing to search, and be permitted relative to sequentially having found quick It is many.By such scheme, solve in the prior art, AIS can not show the situation of name of vessel information often.
In the present embodiment, when the position of this ship is located at some default specific bodies of water, control process unit 110 is controlled Alarm unit 150 carries out alarm.For example, the custom navigation channel, the merchant ship state inland sea that enter the domestic marine site of merchant ship of this ship When the main anchorage in domain, Sino-Korean (day) fisheries agreement interim measure waters (report from a liner police crosses in waters in Korean and Japanese), Diaoyu Island etc., control report Alert unit 150 carries out alarm.
In the present embodiment, power subsystem 140 provides electric energy for the operation of ship intelligent alarm system 100.
In the present embodiment, alarm unit 150 is alarmed under the control of control process unit 110.
In the present embodiment, alarm unit 150 is alarmed by voice and light two ways.Alarm is reached for every kind of The alarm of condition, what the report of alarm unit 150 was prestored is alarmed for every kind of alarm demand for reaching alert if.Lamp Light alarm then can carry out alarm using red flashing indicator light, various angles easily can be found a long way off by crewman, Reach the effect of alarm.
When being located at some specific bodies of water in the position of this ship, for example, entering the custom navigation channel in the domestic marine site of merchant ship, report The type of alarm of alert unit 150 can for " this ship has been enter into merchant ship custom navigation channel waters, please strengthen value class and look at, sail out of as early as possible, Forbid anchoring ", when entering other default related waters, alarm unit 150 carries out different alarms for different waters Prompting, so that crewman makes corresponding behave.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 shows the structural representation for the communication unit that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Communication unit 120, including communication antenna 121, conversion subunit 123, transmission sub-unit 125 and receiving subelement 127.Transmission sub-unit 125 and receiving subelement 127 are electrically connected with control process unit 110, transmission sub-unit 125 and are connect Receive subelement 127 to be electrically connected with conversion subunit 123, communication antenna 121 is electrically connected with conversion subunit 123.
In the present embodiment, transmission sub-unit 125 by the operational configuration information of this ship via conversion subunit 123 after, lead to Cross communication antenna 121 to send so that other ships can receive the information of this ship.
In the present embodiment, communication antenna 121 receives the operational configuration information of other ships, and converted subelement 123 is handled Transmitted by by receiving subelement 127 to control process unit 110 so that this ship can receive the operational configuration letter of other ships Breath.
In the present embodiment, conversion subunit 123 is used for the information that processing data signal is this ship for sending other ships Still the information of the transmission of other ships received, the information that will send this ship of other ships passes through communication antenna 121 Send, the information of the transmission of other ships received is transmitted to control process unit via receiving subelement 127 110。
By the data transfer of communication unit 120, the data communication between this ship and other ships is realized.
Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 shows the structural representation for the data acquisition unit that first embodiment of the invention is provided.
Data acquisition unit 130, including locator unit 131 and coursespeed collection subelement 133.Locator unit 131 and coursespeed collection subelement 133 be electrically connected with control process unit 110.
In the present embodiment, locator unit 131 is positioned by GPS or Big Dipper signal to the position of this ship, and will The positional information of this ship is sent to control process unit 110.
In the present embodiment, coursespeed collection subelement 133 gathers the course of this ship and the speed of a ship or plane is transmitted to control process Unit 110.
The information such as the position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of this ship are acquired by data acquisition unit 130, pass through data acquisition list Member 130 is compared with the information of other ships, it is to avoid the generation collided, it is ensured that navigation safety.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 shows that Fig. 4 shows a kind of ship intelligent alarm that first embodiment of the invention is provided Another structural representation of system.
Ship intelligent alarm system 100, in addition to display unit 160, display unit 160 and the electricity of control process unit 110 Property connection.
In the present embodiment, display unit 160 is used for the operational configuration information that this ship is shown in sea chart, and in sea chart The operational configuration information of other ships in the middle display range of receiving of communication unit 120.By shown in sea chart this ship and The information of other ships so that crewman can be visually known position and course line relation between this ship and other ships.
In the present embodiment, power subsystem 140 includes Charge Management subelement 141, battery 143 and power supply interface 145, charging Management subelement 141 is electrically connected with battery 143 and power supply interface 145, the control process unit 110 of Charge Management subelement 141 It is electrically connected with, power supply interface 145 is electrically connected with display unit 160.
In the present embodiment, when power supply interface 145 is connected with external power source, the control external electrical of Charge Management subelement 141 Source is charged to battery 143, and ship intelligent alarm system 100 is powered.It is not connected with having outside in power supply interface 145 During power supply, the control battery 143 of Charge Management subelement 141 is powered to ship intelligent alarm system 100, and reasonable arrangement is supplied Electric situation so that ship intelligent alarm system 100 remains to continuation of the journey in the case where external power source does not have function, it is ensured that navigation Safety.
Second embodiment
Ship, is equipped with the ship intelligent alarm system 100 described in first embodiment, makes ship in navigation process In, the collision and the generation of other dangerous accidents with other ships can be prevented effectively from, it is ensured that the safety of navigation.
In summary, the present invention is provided a kind of ship intelligent alarm system and ship, it is confirmed by communication unit The information such as position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of his ship, and gather by data acquisition unit position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of this ship etc. Information, control process unit is calculated according to two kinds of information, when this ship is in the different speed of a ship or plane, using different early warning Condition, when the operational configuration of other ships reaches early-warning conditions, control alarm unit is alarmed, so that this ship can other Ship is effectively avoided;When ship enters port area, because yard craft density is excessive, system automatic closing and alarm is avoided Unnecessary upset;When ship enters the specific bodies of water, voice message is carried out by alarm unit, crewman is effectively navigated Line is adjusted, and reduces the generation of accident, it is ensured that safety of ship.
In the description of the invention, in addition it is also necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " setting ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected or be detachably connected, or one Connect body;Can be mechanical connection or electrical connection;Can be joined directly together, can also be indirect by intermediary It is connected, can is the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood with concrete condition State the concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
It should be noted that:Similar label and letter represents similar terms in following accompanying drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in individual accompanying drawing, then it further need not be defined and explained in subsequent accompanying drawing.
In the description of the invention, it is necessary to explanation, the instruction such as term " on ", " under ", "left", "right", " interior ", " outer " Orientation or position relationship be that, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, or the invention product is usually put when using Orientation or position relationship, be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplify description, rather than indicate or imply signified device Or element there must be specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, for the skill of this area For art personnel, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles of the invention, that is made any repaiies Change, equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ship intelligent alarm system, it is characterised in that the system includes:Control process unit, communication unit, data Collecting unit, power subsystem and alarm unit;
The communication unit is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the communication unit is used to set up between other ships Data communication, wherein, the content of the data communication includes the operational configuration information of other ships;
The data acquisition unit is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the data processing unit is used to gather the ship The operational configuration information of oceangoing ship;
The power subsystem is electrically connected with the control process unit, for providing electricity for the control process unit unit Energy;
The control process unit is by the operational configuration information of the other ships obtained by the communication unit and place ship Operational configuration information be compared, and when comparison result reaches default early-warning conditions, control and the control process list The alarm unit that member is electrically connected with is alarmed.
2. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the communication unit includes sending son list Member, receiving subelement, conversion subunit and communication antenna;
The conversion subunit is electrically connected with via the transmission sub-unit and the control process unit, the transmission sub-unit For the operational configuration information of place ship to be sent to electrical with the conversion subunit via the conversion subunit The communication antenna of connection, is sent the operational configuration information of place ship by the communication antenna;
The conversion subunit is electrically connected with via the receiving subelement and the control process unit, and the communication antenna will The operational configuration information transfer of other ships received to the conversion subunit, the conversion subunit will it is described its The operational configuration information of his ship is transmitted to the control process unit by the receiving subelement, wherein, the navigation shape State information includes position, course and the speed of a ship or plane of ship.
3. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the data acquisition unit includes locator Unit and coursespeed collection subelement;
The locator unit is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the locator unit is used for ship where gathering Positional information is sent to the control process unit;
The coursespeed collection subelement is electrically connected with the control process unit, and the coursespeed collection subelement is used The course of ship and navigational speed information are transmitted to the control process unit where collection.
4. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the control process unit is additionally operable to work as institute When being located at port location set in advance in the position of ship, the alarm unit is controlled without alarm.
5. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the control process unit, which is also used, works as place When the position of ship is located at waters set in advance, the waters for controlling the alarm unit to be located at according to place ship is reported It is alert.
6. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the control process unit is additionally operable in institute When the speed of a ship or plane of ship exceedes the default speed of a ship or plane, according to the operational configuration information of place ship and the operational configuration of other ships Information calculates least meeting distance and minimum and can met the time, when the least meeting distance is less than default meeting distance or institute State minimum and can meet the time and be less than default when can meet the time, control the alarm unit to be alarmed.
7. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the control process unit is additionally operable in institute When the speed of a ship or plane of ship is less than the default speed of a ship or plane and persistently presets hours underway, according to the operational configuration information of place ship and described The operational configuration information of other ships is calculated, when other described ships can enter the default of place ship in preset time When the speed of a ship or plane of scope and other ships exceedes the default speed of a ship or plane, the alarm unit is controlled to be alarmed.
8. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the system also includes display unit, institute Display unit is stated to be electrically connected with the control process unit;
The display unit is used for the operational configuration information and the operational configuration information of other ships of ship where showing.
9. ship intelligent alarm system as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that the power subsystem includes Charge Management Unit, battery and power supply interface, the battery and the power supply interface are via at the Charge Management subelement and the control Manage unit to be electrically connected with, the power supply interface is electrically connected with the display unit;
When the power supply interface is connected with external power source, the external power source is carried out by the power supply interface to the system Power and the battery is charged;
When the power supply interface is not connected with having external power source, the battery to the system to being powered.
10. a kind of ship, it is characterised in that the ship is equipped with the ship intelligent alarm described in any one of claim 1 to 9 System.
CN201710712105.3A 2017-08-18 2017-08-18 Ship intelligent alarm system and ship CN107264738A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109559563A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-04-02 广西科技大学 A kind of ship collision prevention early warning system
CN109598981A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-09 海南热带海洋学院 A kind of ship collision avoidance system and method
CN110060509A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-07-26 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Ships that transport intelligent navigation method for early warning and ships that transport intelligent navigation prior-warning device
CN110488692A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-22 深圳绿米联创科技有限公司 Apparatus control method, device, system, electronic equipment and storage medium

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109559563A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-04-02 广西科技大学 A kind of ship collision prevention early warning system
CN109598981A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-09 海南热带海洋学院 A kind of ship collision avoidance system and method
CN110060509A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-07-26 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Ships that transport intelligent navigation method for early warning and ships that transport intelligent navigation prior-warning device
CN110488692A (en) * 2019-08-08 2019-11-22 深圳绿米联创科技有限公司 Apparatus control method, device, system, electronic equipment and storage medium

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