CN107263680B - A kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine - Google Patents

A kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107263680B
CN107263680B CN201710607503.9A CN201710607503A CN107263680B CN 107263680 B CN107263680 B CN 107263680B CN 201710607503 A CN201710607503 A CN 201710607503A CN 107263680 B CN107263680 B CN 107263680B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting plate
hydraulic cylinder
punching press
feeding
finished
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CN201710607503.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107263680A (en
Inventor
胡新宇
熊雄
段卓
张道德
李奕
易军
张金姣
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Hubei University of Technology
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Hubei University of Technology
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B5/00Producing shaped articles from the material in moulds or on moulding surfaces, carried or formed by, in, or on conveyors irrespective of the manner of shaping
    • B28B5/02Producing shaped articles from the material in moulds or on moulding surfaces, carried or formed by, in, or on conveyors irrespective of the manner of shaping on conveyors of the endless-belt or chain type
    • B28B5/021Producing shaped articles from the material in moulds or on moulding surfaces, carried or formed by, in, or on conveyors irrespective of the manner of shaping on conveyors of the endless-belt or chain type the shaped articles being of definite length
    • B28B5/025Producing shaped articles from the material in moulds or on moulding surfaces, carried or formed by, in, or on conveyors irrespective of the manner of shaping on conveyors of the endless-belt or chain type the shaped articles being of definite length the moulds or the moulding surfaces being divided by separating walls and being continuously fed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/0063Control arrangements
    • B28B17/0081Process control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machines, including rack, punch forming part, material loading part, supporting plate translator unit, finished product translator unit and PLC controller;Material is delivered in closing in funnel by feeding transmission belt, then it falls in the storage bin of feeding cart front end, supporting plate is delivered on punching press pedestal by supporting plate conveyer belt, it is the upper surface for the supporting plate that lifting hydraulic cylinder drives in lower die downward movement to punching press pedestal first, then feeding cart travels forward, the blanking in lower die by storage bin, after blanking, feeding cart is retracted, punching press hydraulic cylinder drives upper mold downlink, start punch forming brickmaking, after punching press, lifting hydraulic cylinder drives lower die uplink, it is demoulded by knocking from up die, finished bricks after demoulding are seen off by discharge conveyer and finished product conveyer belt.Product integrality produced by the invention is good, and brickmaking is high-efficient, speed is fast;High degree of automation, what is effectively subtracted reduces labor intensity of workers, has saved production cost.

Description

A kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to automatic control equipment fields, are related to a kind of hydraulic and PLC control equipment, and in particular to a kind of hydraulic Mobile model brickmaking machine.
Background technique
The production of wall hollow brick the past manually molding, injection molding, demoulding is not only time-consuming but also needs a large amount of labour, raw Produce low efficiency.Since national departments concerned in 2000 publication be forbidden to use the target of solid clay brick, China it is hollow Brick production equipment just has further development, but is mostly to carry out technological improvement to external equipment.Due to processing technology and The restriction of control technology, the degree of automation and efficiency of the brickmaking machine of domestic production are not very high.How automatic metaplasia is realized It produces and saves the major issue that production cost improves brickmaking efficiency as current brickmaking machine field simultaneously, this is also China's brickmaking Institute, machine manufacturing enterprise facing challenges.
Since domestic brick equipment production technology can lag behind foreign countries, make famous foreign brickmaking machine equipment manufacturing enterprise confused Chinese market confusingly is entered, so that domestic brickmaking machine manufacturing enterprise subjects more heavy competitive pressure, brickmaking machine equipment is raw Producing enterprise must try to improve production efficiency, the brick equipment product of more quality level be brought for customers, so that client Can the more firm trust to its product select, advantageous development machine can be brought to folding apparatus manufacturing enterprise in this way It meets, makes rival claims as an equal so as to strong with famous foreign folding apparatus enterprise, and occupy superiority.
Structure is complicated for brickmaking machine from the point of view of the current just technology of the country, and production automation degree is not high.In the presence of a large amount of people of needs Power, which is worked, drastically influences the working efficiency of brickmaking machine.Along with brickmaking feeding is strictly a repetition manual labor, manually at This occupies very big specific gravity in brickmaking totle drilling cost, therefore is badly in need of a kind of high degree of automation, high-efficient brickmaking machine, to improve Brickmaking efficiency reduces cost of labor.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of automatic brick equipment, solve the problems, such as that current brickmaking the degree of automation is low; Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of structures simple, reliable and stable, high-efficient hydraulic brick equipment, by hydraulic Control and PLC control combine the production process to realize wall body brick.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that
A kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine, it is characterised in that: passed including rack, punch forming part, material loading part, supporting plate Send part, finished product translator unit and PLC controller;
The punch forming part includes punching press hydraulic cylinder, upper die and lower die, guide post, lifting hydraulic cylinder and promotes shaft, The punching press hydraulic cylinder is fixedly mounted on the rack, and the free extension end bottom of punching press hydraulic cylinder is fixedly linked with upper mold, described Guide post at least there are two, multiple guide posts are vertical to be mounted on the rack, and upper die and lower die are mounted on by guide sleeve respectively In multiple guide posts, the lower die bottom is equipped with the punching press pedestal being fixedly linked with rack, and the promotion shaft is pacified by bearing On the rack, lifting hydraulic cylinder is mounted on the rack dress, is driven by lifting hydraulic cylinder and is promoted shaft rotation, and shaft difference is promoted Lower die is driven to slide up and down along guide post by the link mechanism at both ends;
The material loading part includes that hopper, charging transmission belt, closing in funnel, feeding cart, feeding hydraulic cylinder and feeding are flat Upper rack is fixedly mounted in platform, the hopper, and hopper is set under hopper for storing brickmaking material, the charging transmission belt Side, for material in hopper to be delivered in the closing in funnel in front, the material loading platform is fixedly mounted on central rack, feeding Trolley is mounted on material loading platform by Guide rollers structure, and feeding cart front end, which is equipped with, does not have storage bin with the end, in storage bin Equipped with agitating device, feeding cart can be moved forward and backward by feeding Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder on material loading platform, when feeding cart is in When material feeding station, below storage bin face closing in funnel, bottom material feeding of the upper surface of material loading platform as storage bin, when feeding is small When vehicle feeding, feeding Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder feeding cart travels forward, storage bin bottom alignment lower die feeding;
The supporting plate translator unit includes supporting plate case and supporting plate conveyer belt, and the supporting plate case is for storing supporting plate, supporting plate case It is equipped with the discharge port passed through for single supporting plate by the side of supporting plate conveyer belt, supporting plate conveyer belt is set to below material loading platform, Punching press pedestal is set to immediately below lower die, and punching press pedestal is equipped with supporting plate sensors in place;
The finished product translator unit includes discharge conveyer, finished product conveyer belt and driving device, the discharge conveyer Set on punching press base upper surface, after material punch forming brickmaking, discharge conveyer be used for by brick after molding be transported at Then product conveyer belt sees packaging stacking off by finished product conveyer belt;The driving device is for driving discharge conveyer and finished product Conveyer belt operating, the discharge conveyer, finished product conveyer belt, the bottom surface of feeding cart and supporting plate conveyer belt are in same level Face;
The lifting hydraulic cylinder, punching press hydraulic cylinder, charging transmission belt, feeding hydraulic cylinder, supporting plate conveyer belt and finished product pass It send part to control by PLC controller to run.
As an improvement, the cylinder body of the lifting hydraulic cylinder is equipped with direction its vertical fixing axle, the fixing axle hinge It connects on the rack, is equipped in the middle part of the promotion shaft and is secured to connected swing rod, the swing rod other end and lifting hydraulic cylinder Free end by spherical pair be connected.
As an improvement, the link mechanism includes transmission rod and lift lever, described transmission rod one end is fixed with shaft is promoted It is connected, hinged at the top of the other end and lift lever, the lift lever bottom is hinged and connected with lower die.
As an improvement, being equipped with row's carrying roller below the charging transmission belt, the charging transmission belt is driven by carrying roller, institute It states carrying roller and passes through charging motor power drive.
As an improvement, the agitating device includes stirring motor, stirs connecting rod and multiple agitating shafts in storage bin, The output end of the stirring motor is equipped with eccentric wheel, and multiple agitating shafts are connected by stirring connecting rod with eccentric wheel, and stirring motor is logical Crossing stirring connecting rod drives agitating shaft to carry out back rotation realization agitating function.
As an improvement, described liter of hydraulic cylinder, punching press hydraulic cylinder and feeding hydraulic cylinder are equipped with travel switch, it is respectively maximum Elongation limit, minimum elongation limit and throw-over travel switch, the solenoid directional control valve of above-mentioned all hydraulic control loop pass through PLC Controller control.
As an improvement, the supporting plate conveyer belt, discharge conveyer and finished product conveyer belt are chain transmission structure.
As an improvement, the driving device of the finished product translator unit includes asynchronous motor and single-stage speed reducing case, it is described different Step motor passes to the input shaft of single-stage speed reducing case by output power by belt wheel, and the output shaft of single-stage speed reducing case passes through respectively Belt imparts power to discharge conveyer and finished product conveyer belt, also sets between the output shaft and discharge conveyer of single-stage speed reducing case There is electromagnetic clutch, the punching press pedestal is equipped with elastic device, and the elastic device is one piece of bearing plate, bearing plate and punching press Spring is equipped between pedestal, the sensor of electromagnetic clutch is located at below bearing plate, when be embossed on punching press pedestal instantly, electromagnetism Clutch obtain it is electric, between the output shaft and discharge conveyer of single-stage speed reducing case power transmitting disconnect, instantly molding leave punching press bottom When seat, bearing plate is bounced, electromagnetic clutch power loss, and power transmitting connects between the output shaft and discharge conveyer of single-stage speed reducing case On, discharging is realized in discharge conveyer rotation, and the discharge conveyer and finished product conveyer belt are chain transmission structure.
As an improvement, the punching press hydraulic cylinder is piston hydraulic cylinder comprising big piston, big piston rod, small piston, small Piston rod, cylinder barrel and front end housing and back cylinder cover set on cylinder barrel both ends, described big piston rod one end and big piston stationary phase Even, clearance fit and it is equipped with dynamic sealing between big piston and inboard wall of cylinder block, the big piston rod other end freely stretches out from front end housing, greatly Piston rod is the piston rod of inner hollow, and small piston one end is fixedly linked with small piston rod, small piston and big piston rod inner wall it Between clearance fit be equipped with dynamic sealing, the small piston rod other end is fixedly linked with back cylinder cover, small piston rod for inner hollow piston Bar, small piston rod outside are cased with piston sleeve, and piston sleeve stretches out and back cylinder cover stationary phase from big piston rod left end clearance fit Even, there are gap between piston sleeve and small piston rod, which is equipped with and oil circuit A identical on the left of small piston, small piston rod Inner hollow be equipped with the oil circuit B that communicates on the right side of small piston, back cylinder cover is equipped with the oil circuit C communicated on the left of big piston, forward Cylinder barrel at cylinder cap is equipped with the oil circuit D communicated on the right side of big piston.
A kind of double-piston punching press hydraulic cylinder, it is characterised in that: including big piston, big piston rod, small piston, small piston rod, Cylinder barrel and front end housing and back cylinder cover set on cylinder barrel both ends, described big piston rod one end are fixedly linked with big piston, big piston Clearance fit and it is equipped with dynamic sealing between inboard wall of cylinder block, the big piston rod other end freely stretches out from front end housing, and big piston rod is The piston rod of inner hollow, small piston one end are fixedly linked with small piston rod, and gap is matched between small piston and big piston rod inner wall It closes and is equipped with dynamic sealing, the small piston rod other end is fixedly linked with back cylinder cover, and small piston rod is the piston rod of inner hollow, small piston Piston sleeve is cased with outside bar, piston sleeve is stretched out from big piston rod left end clearance fit to be fixedly linked with back cylinder cover, piston bush There are gap between cylinder and small piston rod, which is equipped with sets with oil circuit A identical on the left of small piston, small piston rod inner hollow Have and small piston on the right side of the oil circuit B that communicates, back cylinder cover is equipped with the oil circuit C communicated on the left of big piston, front end housing be equipped with The oil circuit D communicated on the right side of big piston.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
The reliable product quality produced, flat appearance is without breakage;Brickmaking speed is fast, high-efficient, high degree of automation;It can To carry out die change, the scope of application is wider;For control system by PLC controller, maintenance is convenient.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is punch forming partial schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is feed section schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is feeding cart structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is supporting plate translator unit schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is finished product translator unit schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is punching press hydraulic cylinder structure schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1- rack, 2- punch forming part, 3- material loading part, 4- supporting plate translator unit, 5- finished product translator unit, 201- punching press hydraulic cylinder, 202- upper mold, 203- lower die, 204- punching press pedestal, 205- guide post, 206- lifting hydraulic cylinder, 207- Promoted shaft, 208- guide sleeve, 209- fixing axle, 210- swing rod, 211- transmission rod, 212- lift lever, 301- hopper, 302- into Expect transmission belt, 303- closing in funnel, 304- feeding cart, 305- feeding hydraulic cylinder, 306- material loading platform, 307- carrying roller, 308- Charging motor, 309- storage bin, 310- guide rail, 311- stirring motor, 312- stirring connecting rod, 313- agitating shaft, 314- eccentric wheel, 315- horizon bar, 316- oscillating rod, 317- toggle-action lever, 401- supporting plate, 402- supporting plate conveyer belt, 403- supporting plate case, 404- supporting plate Sensors in place, the first chain of 405-, the first sprocket wheel of 406-, 407- supporting plate transport motor, 501- discharge conveyer, 502- finished product Conveyer belt, 503- asynchronous motor, 504- single-stage speed reducing case, 505- elastic device, the big piston of 601-, the big piston rod of 602-, 603- small piston, 604- small piston rod, 605- cylinder barrel, 606- front end housing, 607- back cylinder cover, 608- piston sleeve, 609- oil circuit A, 610- oil circuit B, 611- oil circuit C, 612- oil circuit D.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings:
As shown in Figures 1 to 7, a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine, including rack 1, punch forming part 2, material loading part 3, supporting plate translator unit 4, finished product translator unit 5 and PLC controller.
As shown in Fig. 2, the punch forming part 2 includes punching press hydraulic cylinder 201, upper mold 202, lower die 203, guide post 205, lifting hydraulic cylinder 206 and promotion shaft 207, the punching press hydraulic cylinder 201 are fixedly mounted in rack 1, piston crown It is fixedly connected on connector by screw.Connector is fixedly connected in upper mold 202 by screw, four angles of upper mold 202 It is fixedly installed with guide sleeve 208, guide sleeve 208 is respectively fitted in corresponding guide post 205, and upper mold 202 can by guide sleeve 208 Freely to slide up and down along guide post 205, there are four the guide posts 205, four guide posts 205 it is vertical be mounted on machine On frame 1,205 both ends of guide post are respectively equipped with the cutting ferrule clamped by bolt, and the half of cutting ferrule is fixedly welded in rack 1, from And link together guide post 205 and rack 1 are stable, four angles of lower die 203 are also fixedly installed with can be in guide post Guide sleeve 208 free to slide on 205, upper mold 202 and lower die 203 are sequentially arranged at four guide posts 205 by guide sleeve 208 On, 203 bottom of lower die is equipped with the punching press pedestal 204 being fixedly linked with rack 1, and the promotion shaft 207 is mounted on by bearing In rack 1, the cylinder body of the lifting hydraulic cylinder 206 is equipped with the fixing axle 209 vertical with its direction, and the fixing axle 209 is cut with scissors Connect in rack 1, be equipped in the middle part of the promotion shaft 207 and be secured to connected swing rod 210,210 other end of swing rod with The free end of lifting hydraulic cylinder 206 is connected by spherical pair;207 both ends of promotion shaft pass through link mechanism and lower die respectively 203 both ends are connected, and are driven by lifting hydraulic cylinder 206 and promote the rotation of shaft 207, promote 207 both ends of shaft and pass through connecting rod respectively Mechanism drives lower die 203 to slide up and down along guide post 205;Upper mold 202 can be along leading under the driving of lifting hydraulic cylinder 206 It is slided up and down to column 205.
The link mechanism includes transmission rod 211 and lift lever 212, and described 211 one end of transmission rod and promotion shaft 207 are solid Fixed to be connected, the other end and 212 top of lift lever are hinged, and 212 bottom of lift lever is hinged and connected with 203 end of lower die.
As shown in figure 3, the material loading part 3 includes hopper 301, charging transmission belt 302, closing in funnel 303, feeding cart 304,1 top of rack is fixedly mounted in feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 and material loading platform 306, the hopper 301, and hopper 301 is for storing system Brick material, the charging transmission belt 302 is set to 301 lower section of hopper, for material in hopper 301 to be delivered to the closing in front In funnel 303, charging transmission belt 302 is driven by carrying roller 307, is connected between carrying roller 307 and roller rack using bearing. Roller rack is bolted to connection in rack 1, and charging motor 308 is mounted by means of bolts on in rack 1, is fed Motor 308 imparts power to the driving charging transmission belt 302 of carrying roller 307 by belt and conveys material.The closing in funnel 303 are fixedly connected on bracket by screw, and bracket is fixedly connected by bolt with rack 1.
The material loading platform 306 is fixedly mounted on 1 middle part of rack, and feeding cart 304 is installed by 310 pulley structure of guide rail On material loading platform 306,304 front end of feeding cart, which is equipped with, does not have storage bin 309 with the end, and agitating device is equipped in storage bin 309, Feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 is installed, the free extension end of feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 and feeding are small in the rack 1 at 304 rear of feeding cart Vehicle 304 is fixedly linked, and feeding cart 304 can be moved forward and backward by the driving of feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 on material loading platform 306, when upper When trolley 304 is in material feeding station, closing in funnel 303 is located at right above storage bin 309, and the upper surface of material loading platform 306 is made For the bottom material feeding of storage bin 309, when 304 feeding of feeding cart, feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 drives feeding cart 304 to travel forward, 309 bottom alignment lower die of storage bin, 203 feeding;
The material loading platform 306 is equipped with two guide rails 310, and 304 bottom of feeding cart is by spring bearing in guide rail 310 Upper sliding, the agitating device include stirring motor 311, stirring connecting rod 312 and multiple agitating shafts in storage bin 309 313, multiple stirring blades are equipped on each agitating shaft 313, and stirring motor 311 is mounted on feeding cart 304 by bolt Rear portion, the output end of the stirring motor 311 are equipped with eccentric wheel 314, and multiple agitating shafts 313 pass through stirring connecting rod 312 and bias Wheel 314 is connected, and stirring motor 311 drives agitating shaft 313 to realize agitating function come back rotation by stirring connecting rod 312.
As shown in figure 4, the supporting plate translator unit 4 includes supporting plate case 403 and supporting plate conveyer belt 402, the supporting plate case 403 For storing supporting plate 401, supporting plate case 403 is equipped with the discharging passed through for single supporting plate 401 by 402 side of supporting plate conveyer belt Mouthful, supporting plate conveyer belt 402 is set to 306 lower section of material loading platform, and punching press pedestal 204 is set to immediately below lower die 203, punching press pedestal 204 It is equipped with supporting plate sensors in place 404;The supporting plate conveyer belt 402 is chain transfer structure comprising two the first chains 405, the first sprocket wheel 406 and supporting plate transport motor 407, the first sprocket wheel 406 are mounted in rack 1 by the first sprocket shaft, and two First chain 405 is driven by the first sprocket wheel 406, and the first sprocket wheel 406 passes through belt power transmission phase with supporting plate transport motor 407 Even, supporting plate case 403 is mounted in rack 1 by bolt, has a notch that can realize fork truck feeding on the right side of supporting plate case 403, left side It is provided with feeding port, can be transported on punching press pedestal 204 by one block of supporting plate 401, supporting plate 401 by the first chain 405 every time.
As shown in figure 5, the finished product translator unit 5 includes discharge conveyer 501, finished product conveyer belt 502 and driving dress It sets, the discharge conveyer 501 is set to 204 upper surface of punching press pedestal, after material punch forming brickmaking, discharge conveyer 501 Then finished product conveyer belt 502 for brick after molding to be transported to sees packaging stacking off by finished product conveyer belt 502;It is described Discharge conveyer 501, finished product conveyer belt 502, the bottom surface of feeding cart 304 and supporting plate conveyer belt 402 are in same level;Institute Stating driving device includes asynchronous motor 503 and single-stage speed reducing case 504, and the asynchronous motor 503 is passed through by output power Belt wheel passes to the input shaft of single-stage speed reducing case 504, and the output shaft of single-stage speed reducing case 504 is imparted power to by belt respectively Discharge conveyer 501 and finished product conveyer belt 502 are additionally provided with electricity between the output shaft and discharge conveyer 501 of single-stage speed reducing case 504 Magnet clutch, the punching press pedestal 204 are equipped with elastic device 505, and the elastic device 505 is one piece of bearing plate, bearing plate Spring is equipped between punching press pedestal 204, the sensor of electromagnetic clutch is located at below bearing plate, when lower die 203 is pressed in punching press When on pedestal 204, electromagnetic clutch obtains electric, and power transmitting is disconnected between the output shaft and discharge conveyer 501 of single-stage speed reducing case 504 It opens, when the pressure of lower die 203 leaves punching press pedestal 204, bearing plate is bounced, electromagnetic clutch power loss, the output of single-stage speed reducing case 504 Power transmitting connects between axis and discharge conveyer 501, and discharging, the discharge conveyer 501 are realized in the rotation of discharge conveyer 501 It is chain transmission structure with finished product conveyer belt 502.
As shown in fig. 6, the feeding cart 304 is bolted and is fixedly connected with the piston rod of feeding hydraulic cylinder 305, Feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 is fixedly connected by bolt with rack 1.
It is fixedly connected between the stirring motor 311 and feeding cart 304 by bolt, stirring motor 311 passes through Synchronous belt imparts power to eccentric wheel 314, and stirring connecting rod 312 includes horizon bar 315, oscillating rod 316 and toggle-action lever 317, institute It states oscillating rod 316 to be fixedly linked with corresponding 313 end of agitating shaft, 316 other end of oscillating rod and horizon bar 315 are cut with scissors by bearing Connect connected, 317 left end of toggle-action lever and the right end of horizon bar 315 are hinged, and right end and the eccentric wheel 314 of toggle-action lever 317 are hinged and connected. Stirring motor 311 drives agitating shaft 313 at 60 degree or so come back rotation by stirring connecting rod 312.
As shown in fig. 7, the full sectional view of the punching press hydraulic cylinder 201 for punch forming part 2.The punching press hydraulic cylinder 201 For piston hydraulic cylinder comprising big piston 601, big piston rod 602, small piston 603, small piston rod 604, cylinder barrel 605 and Front end housing 606 and back cylinder cover 607 set on 605 both ends of cylinder barrel, described big 602 one end of piston rod are fixedly linked with big piston 601, Clearance fit and be equipped with dynamic sealing between big piston 601 and inboard wall of cylinder block, big 602 other end of piston rod from front end housing 606 freely It stretches out, big piston rod 602 is the piston rod of inner hollow, and 603 one end of small piston is fixedly linked with small piston rod 604, small piston Clearance fit is equipped with dynamic sealing, 604 other end of small piston rod and 607 stationary phase of back cylinder cover between 603 and 602 inner wall of big piston rod Even, small piston rod 604 is the piston rod of inner hollow, is cased with piston sleeve 608 outside small piston rod 604, piston sleeve 608 from Big 602 left end clearance fit of piston rod stretching is fixedly linked with back cylinder cover 607, stays between piston sleeve 608 and small piston rod 604 There is gap, which is equipped with identical oil circuit A609,604 inner hollow of small piston rod with 603 left side of small piston and is equipped with and small work The 603 oil circuit B610 that communicates of right side of plug, back cylinder cover 607 be equipped with the oil circuit C611 that is communicated on the left of big piston 601, lean on front end housing Cylinder barrel 605 is equipped with and the oil circuit D612 that communicates on the right side of big piston 601 at 606.The punching press hydraulic cylinder 201 be mainly characterized by by 602 sets of small piston rods 604 of big piston rod drive big piston 601 and small piston 603 simultaneously by hydraulic oil, to realize big living The F.F. of stopper rod 602, at a slow speed work into, quickly retract.
Above-mentioned all hydraulic cylinder is provided with travel switch, respectively maximum elongation limit, minimum elongation limit and throw-over Travel switch, the solenoid directional control valve of above-mentioned all hydraulic control loop pass through PLC controller control, above-mentioned all travel switches PLC controller is accessed, the PLC controller is equipped with start button, stop button and manual control button.
The stirring motor 311, supporting plate transport motor 407 and charging motor 308 are servo motor.
For the upper mold 202 that the present embodiment uses for formpiston, lower die 203 is through former, when demoulding, passes through 202 bottom of upper mold The raised downward ejection device of brick by forming in lower die 203 in portion, when feeding cart 304 gives 203 feeding of lower die, feeding cart Material needed for storage material is greater than the single brick of molding in the storage bin 309 of 304 front ends.
This equipment application method is as follows:
Feeding stage: supporting plate transport motor 407 drives sprocket shaft to the first chain 405 of driving when the start button is pressed Supporting plate 401 is transmitted in the horizontal direction, and charging motor 308 passes through the quantitative material of the charging conveying of transmission belt 302 to closing at the same time In funnel 303, material is out of, closing in funnel 303 flows to 304 front end of feeding cart storage bin 309.In punch forming part 2 Supporting plate sensors in place 404 is housed, supporting plate transmits when supporting plate 401 reaches setting position on punching press pedestal 204 on punching press pedestal 204 Motor 407 is out of service, and PLC controller controls electromagnetic switch valve events at the same time, and lifting hydraulic cylinder 206 acts, lower die 203 It drops to and presses the arrival of supporting plate 401 setting position, PLC controller controls the piston of electromagnetic switch valve events feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 Bar stretches out, and feeding cart 304 is pushed to travel forward, and the storage bin 309 of 304 front end of feeding cart is directed at lower die 203 and carries out feeding And stop the several seconds.In place in holding process, stirring motor 311 works feeding cart 304, passes through eccentric wheel 314 and stirring connecting rod 312 drive agitating shafts 313 do reciprocating rotation in 60 degree of angles, so that feeding is abundant, uniform in lower die 203.Feeding cart 304 stops The time is stayed to arrive, stirring motor 311 stops working.PLC controller control electromagnetic switch valve events, feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 drive on Trolley 304 is retracted, and feeding process is completed.
The punching press stage: when feeding hydraulic cylinder 305 returns to setting position, PLC controller controls electromagnetic switch valve events, punching Pressure cylinder 201 push upper mold 202 rapidly drop to setting throw-over position, upper mold 202 reach throw-over position reduce speed now work into, Realize stamping procedure.
Ejection phase: upper mold 202 reaches setting lower travel limit value, and PLC controller controls electromagnetic switch valve events, promotes liquid The piston of cylinder pressure 206 stretches out, and drives and promotes the rotation of shaft 207, promotes the rotation of shaft 207 by link mechanism and drives lower die 203 Slowly rise, passes through 202 ejection device of upper mold.Demoulding is completed, and punching press hydraulic cylinder 201 quickly returns to upper limit value.
Finished product transfer phase: the punching press pedestal 204 of punch forming part 2 is equipped with elastic device 505, when 202 He of upper mold For lower die 203 during retracting, elastic device 505 jacks up supporting plate 401 and finished bricks, and electromagnetic clutch power loss, single-stage subtracts Fast case 504 drives discharge conveyer 501 that the supporting plate 401 for striking out shaped brick will be driven to be delivered to finished product conveyer belt 502 by belt On, unloading work is completed, the supporting plate 401 for striking out shaped brick will be driven to be delivered to finished product by finished product conveyer belt 502 and transmit area Finished product conveying is completed in domain.
When supporting plate 401 and finished bricks send out stamped area, PLC controller will detect supporting plate sensors in place 404 Signal.To which supporting plate transport motor 407 works, start the transmission process of next supporting plate 401.It is empty to loop back and forth like this realization The automatic press of heart brick forms.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.
Although rack 1 is used more herein, punch forming part 2, material loading part 3, supporting plate translator unit 4, finished product Translator unit 5, punching press hydraulic cylinder 201, upper mold 202, lower die 203, punching press pedestal 204, guide post 205, lifting hydraulic cylinder 206, Promote shaft 207, guide sleeve 208, fixing axle 209, swing rod 210, transmission rod 211, lift lever 212, hopper 301, charging transmission Band 302, closing in funnel 303, feeding cart 304, feeding hydraulic cylinder 305, material loading platform 306, carrying roller 307, charging motor 308, Storage bin 309, guide rail 310, stirring motor 311 stir connecting rod 312, agitating shaft 313, eccentric wheel 314, horizon bar 315, swing Bar 316, toggle-action lever 317, supporting plate 401, supporting plate conveyer belt 402, supporting plate case 403, supporting plate sensors in place 404, the first chain 405, the first sprocket wheel 406, supporting plate transport motor 407, discharge conveyer 501, finished product conveyer belt 502, asynchronous motor 503, list Grade reduction gearbox 504, elastic device 505, big piston 601, big piston rod 602, small piston 603, small piston rod 604, cylinder barrel 605, Front end housing 606, back cylinder cover 607, piston sleeve 608, oil circuit A609, oil circuit B610, oil circuit C611, the terms such as oil circuit D612, but It does not exclude the possibility of using other terms.It is of the invention the use of these items is only for being more convenient to describe and explain Essence;Being construed as any additional limitation is disagreed with spirit of that invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine, it is characterised in that: including rack, punch forming part, material loading part, supporting plate transmission Partially, finished product translator unit and PLC controller;
The punch forming part includes punching press hydraulic cylinder, upper die and lower die, guide post, lifting hydraulic cylinder and promotes shaft, described Punching press hydraulic cylinder is fixedly mounted on the rack, and the free extension end bottom of punching press hydraulic cylinder is fixedly linked with upper mold, the guiding Column at least there are two, multiple guide posts are vertical to be mounted on the rack, upper die and lower die pass through respectively guide sleeve be mounted on it is multiple In guide post, the lower die bottom is equipped with the punching press pedestal being fixedly linked with rack, and the promotion shaft is mounted on by bearing In rack, lifting hydraulic cylinder is mounted on the rack, and is driven by lifting hydraulic cylinder and is promoted shaft rotation, is promoted shaft and is passed through respectively The link mechanism at both ends drives lower die to slide up and down along guide post;
The material loading part includes hopper, charging transmission belt, closing in funnel, feeding cart, feeding hydraulic cylinder and material loading platform, institute It states hopper and upper rack is fixedly mounted, hopper is set to below hopper, is used for for storing brickmaking material, the charging transmission belt Material in hopper is delivered in the closing in funnel in front, the material loading platform is fixedly mounted on central rack, and feeding cart is logical It crosses Guide rollers structure to be mounted on material loading platform, feeding cart front end, which is equipped with, does not have storage bin with the end, is equipped with and stirs in storage bin Device is mixed, feeding cart can be moved forward and backward by feeding Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder on material loading platform, when feeding cart is in material feeding work When position, below storage bin face closing in funnel, bottom material feeding of the upper surface of material loading platform as storage bin, when feeding cart feeding When, feeding Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder feeding cart travels forward, storage bin bottom alignment lower die feeding;
The supporting plate translator unit includes supporting plate case and supporting plate conveyer belt, and the supporting plate case is for storing supporting plate, and supporting plate case is by support The side of plate conveyer belt is equipped with the discharge port passed through for single supporting plate, and supporting plate conveyer belt is set to below material loading platform, punching press Pedestal is set to immediately below lower die, and punching press pedestal is equipped with supporting plate sensors in place;
The finished product translator unit includes discharge conveyer, finished product conveyer belt and driving device, and the discharge conveyer is set to Punching press base upper surface, after material punch forming brickmaking, the finished product that discharge conveyer is used to for brick after molding being transported to is passed Band is sent, packaging stacking is then seen off by finished product conveyer belt;The driving device is for driving discharge conveyer and finished product to transmit Band operating, the discharge conveyer, finished product conveyer belt, the bottom surface of feeding cart and supporting plate conveyer belt are in same level;
The lifting hydraulic cylinder, punching press hydraulic cylinder, charging transmission belt, feeding hydraulic cylinder, supporting plate conveyer belt and finished product transport unit Divide and passes through PLC controller control operation.
2. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: on the cylinder body of the lifting hydraulic cylinder Equipped with its vertical fixing axle with direction, the fixing axle hingedly on the rack, is equipped in the middle part of the promotion shaft and is secured to Connected swing rod, the swing rod other end are connected with the free end of lifting hydraulic cylinder by spherical pair.
3. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the link mechanism includes transmission rod And lift lever, described transmission rod one end are fixedly linked with shaft is promoted, hinged at the top of the other end and lift lever, the lift lever bottom Portion is hinged and connected with lower die.
4. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: below the charging transmission belt Equipped with row's carrying roller, the charging transmission belt is driven by carrying roller, and the carrying roller passes through charging motor power drive.
5. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the agitating device includes stirring Motor, stirring connecting rod and multiple agitating shafts in storage bin are mixed, the output end of the stirring motor is equipped with eccentric wheel, multiple Agitating shaft is connected by stirring connecting rod with eccentric wheel, and stirring motor drives agitating shaft to realize come back rotation and stirs by stirring connecting rod Function.
6. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the supporting plate conveyer belt, discharging Conveyer belt and finished product conveyer belt are chain transmission structure.
7. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the finished product translator unit Driving device includes asynchronous motor and single-stage speed reducing case, and the asynchronous machine passes to single-stage by belt wheel by output power The input shaft of reduction gearbox, the output shaft of single-stage speed reducing case pass through belt respectively and impart power to discharge conveyer and finished product transmission Band, is additionally provided with electromagnetic clutch between the output shaft and discharge conveyer of single-stage speed reducing case, the punching press pedestal is equipped with elasticity Device, the elastic device are one piece of bearing plate, and spring, the sensor of electromagnetic clutch are equipped between bearing plate and punching press pedestal Below bearing plate, when be embossed on punching press pedestal instantly, electromagnetic clutch obtains electric, the output shaft of single-stage speed reducing case and discharging Power transmitting disconnects between conveyer belt, and when punching press pedestal is left in molding instantly, bearing plate is bounced, electromagnetic clutch power loss, single-stage Power transmitting connects between the output shaft and discharge conveyer of reduction gearbox, and discharge conveyer rotation realizes that discharging, the discharging pass Sending band and finished product conveyer belt is chain transmission structure.
8. a kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the punching press hydraulic cylinder is double Piston hydraulic cylinder comprising big piston, big piston rod, small piston, small piston rod, cylinder barrel and the preceding cylinder set on cylinder barrel both ends Lid and back cylinder cover, described big piston rod one end are fixedly linked with big piston, clearance fit and set between big piston and inboard wall of cylinder block There is dynamic sealing, the big piston rod other end is freely stretched out from front end housing, and big piston rod is the piston rod of inner hollow, small piston one end It is fixedly linked with small piston rod, clearance fit is equipped with dynamic sealing, the small piston rod other end between small piston and big piston rod inner wall It is fixedly linked with back cylinder cover, small piston rod is the piston rod of inner hollow, is cased with piston sleeve, piston sleeve outside small piston rod It stretches out from big piston rod left end clearance fit and is fixedly linked with back cylinder cover, there are gaps between piston sleeve and small piston rod, should Gap, which is equipped with, is equipped with the oil circuit B communicated with small piston right side with oil circuit A identical on the left of small piston, small piston rod inner hollow, Back cylinder cover is equipped with the oil circuit C communicated on the left of big piston, and front end housing is equipped with the oil circuit D communicated on the right side of big piston.
CN201710607503.9A 2017-07-24 2017-07-24 A kind of hydraulic moving type brickmaking machine Active CN107263680B (en)

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CN107953442B (en) * 2017-11-13 2019-11-19 惠州市广源钢结构工程有限公司 A kind of casting mold of refractory material
CN109591160A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-04-09 建德市东胜建材有限公司 A kind of brick equipment machine
CN110744679B (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-12-04 安徽阜阳富龙建筑材料有限责任公司 Forming equipment for porous pressed bricks

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DE502006001777D1 (en) * 2005-06-10 2008-11-20 Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen COMPENSATING DEVICE FOR COMPENSATING AN ERROR ANGLE OF A MIXED TRANSMISSION
CN201244851Y (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-05-27 山东巨野恒祥机械制造有限公司 Baking-free numerical control hydraulic brick making machine
CN202439092U (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-09-19 鲁涛 Light aggregate block quick forming equipment
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