CN107254969B - A kind of the infrared three-dimension positioning device and positioning construction method of curved-surface building object - Google Patents

A kind of the infrared three-dimension positioning device and positioning construction method of curved-surface building object Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107254969B
CN107254969B CN201710563004.4A CN201710563004A CN107254969B CN 107254969 B CN107254969 B CN 107254969B CN 201710563004 A CN201710563004 A CN 201710563004A CN 107254969 B CN107254969 B CN 107254969B
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China
Prior art keywords
curved
axis
building
infrared transmitting
infrared
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CN201710563004.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107254969A (en
Inventor
王若林
朱道佩
桑农
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武汉大学
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S5/00Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations
    • G01S5/16Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more direction or position line determinations; Position-fixing by co-ordinating two or more distance determinations using electromagnetic waves other than radio waves

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning device of curved-surface building object and positioning construction methods, device is made of infrared transmitting device, roller bearing, rotation control module, telescopic device and remote control apparatus, can be accurately positioned to the axis of curved-surface building;Curved surface where curved-surface building object axis is respectively classified into m parts and n-layer first by method with vertical direction in the horizontal direction, total to be divided into m × n parts;Then, it calculates according to the height of every a curved-surface building and Curvature varying and processes enough muti-piece small panels;Then, small panel is subjected to horizontal splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, is then fixed using bolt, form template;Location and installation is carried out by infrared three-dimension positioning device in splicing, one layer of template after the installation is completed, carries out concrete casting in bottom, after construction, the height of the template of curved surface two sides where axis is improved one layer, then carries out next layer of construction, until reaching the height h of building.

Description

A kind of the infrared three-dimension positioning device and positioning construction method of curved-surface building object

Technical field

The invention belongs to optical locating techniques fields, and in particular to a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning construction of curved-surface building object Method.

Background technique

Since the heat dissipation performance of curved-surface building object is good, currently, the cooling tower of chemical plant and steam power plant is all made of curved surface Shape.The control of the sectional dimension of concrete component, offset deviation, verticality is than normal concrete structure in curved-surface building object Engineering challenges are many, therefore complicated construction technique, construction quality are more difficult to control.

Summary of the invention

Technical solution used by the device of the invention is: a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning device of curved-surface building object, packet Include infrared transmitting device, remote control apparatus, mobile machine arm;

Several infrared transmitting devices form lateral infrared transmitting device array, several infrared transmitting device groups At longitudinal infrared transmitting device array;The mobile machine arm is two, and curved-surface building is arranged in direction mutual vertically Two sides are fixedly installed the lateral infrared transmitting device array and longitudinal infrared transmitting device array respectively thereon;

The remote control apparatus is used to control the angle of infrared transmitting device transmitting infrared ray, so that it is guaranteed that curved surface is built Every bit can be determined by the intersection point of two beam infrared rays on curved surface where the axis built.

Technical solution used by method of the invention is: a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning construction party of curved-surface building object Method, which comprises the following steps:

Step 1: design curved-surface building object template;

If curved-surface building object with a thickness of t, exterior contour is curve:

F (x, y)=0;

Firstly, curved surface where the axis of curved-surface building object is horizontally split into m parts;Then, it is divided into n in short transverse Layer, every layer of height areThe height of i.e. one piece curved surface small panel;At this point, curved-surface building is divided into m × n parts, i.e., it can It is spliced to form by m × n block curved surface small panel;Then 4 vertex of every a curved surface small panel are set as key point;Finally, root It calculates according to the Curvature varying and every layer of height of every a curved surface small panel and processes enough muti-piece small panels;

Step 2: positioning curved-surface building object axis;

If infrared transmitting device AiWith infrared transmitting device BiIt is spaced l, infrared transmitting device AiEmit with infrared ray Device BiThe light beam launched is respectively α with the angle of x-axis directioniAnd βi;The angle of they and z-axis is respectively γiAnd λi;Its In, i=1,2 ..., n;

Take z0=0 plane is studied, and in this plane, the intersection point of two beam infrared rays is P (x0,y0, 0), x0To close Coordinate of the key point in x-axis, A1The length of P is l1, B1The length of P is l2

Angle α1And β1Are as follows:

WhenWhen, by P ' (x0,y0,z0) point in xoy plane projection obtain P (x0,y0, 0), it is infrared Line emitter A1With infrared transmitting device B1The angle γ of the light beam launched and z-axis1And λ1It is respectively as follows:

Step 3: remote control apparatus passes through infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In signal receiver With infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In longitudinally rotate control module and lateral rotation control module carry out Communication controls infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In longitudinally rotate control module and lateral rotation control mould The rotational angle of block, and then control infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1Issue the drift angle of infrared light beam;It is red Outside line emitter A1The light beam of transmitting and the angle of x-axis are α1, the angle with z-axis is γ1;Infrared transmitting device B1Transmitting Light beam and the angle of x-axis be β1, the angle with z-axis is λ1;The intersection point of two beam infrared rays is P ';With α1Continuous variation, P ' The track of point constantly changes, these tracing points are connected, obtain curved-surface building in z=z0Axis in plane;Similarly, sharp With infrared transmitting device AiWith BiCurved-surface building is obtained in z=ziAxis in plane, wherein i=2,3 ..., n;

Step 4: installation curved-surface building object template;

Firstly, curved surface small panel is carried out horizontal splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fix, forms mould Plate, distance of this template apart from curved surface where axis areThen it is in the curved surface where axisOther side be arranged phase Same template;

Step 5: the construction of curved-surface building object;

In bottom, one layer of template after the installation is completed, carries out concrete casting, after construction, by curved surface two where axis The height of the template of side fromIt is increased toNext layer of construction is carried out again, until reaching the height h of building.

The invention has the advantages that

1: the axis of curved-surface building can be accurately positioned, thus real-time control construction precision, method is simple, construction It is high-efficient;

2: multiple key points of building can be positioned, to realize the three-dimensional reconstruction of building.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the method schematic of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 is infrared transmitting device, roller bearing and the telescopic device of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the detail of construction of the roller bearing of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the remote control apparatus figure of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the curved-surface building figure of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 is the infrared transmitting device array of the embodiment of the present invention;

In figure, 1 be curved-surface building, 2 be curved surface where axis, 3 be infrared ray, 4 be lateral infrared transmitting device array, 5 it is longitudinal infrared transmitting device array, 6 be RF transmitter, 7 be signal control module, 8 be data processing module, 9 is Signal projector, 10 be signal receiver, 11 for longitudinally rotate control module, 12 be telescopic device, 13 be roller bearing, 14 be outer layer Ring, 15 be ball, 16 be inner layer ring, 17 be lateral rotation control module, 18 be remote control apparatus, 19 be mobile machine arm.

Specific embodiment

Understand for the ease of those of ordinary skill in the art and implement the present invention, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments to this hair It is bright to be described in further detail, it should be understood that implementation example described herein is merely to illustrate and explain the present invention, not For limiting the present invention.

See Fig. 2-Fig. 8, a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning device of curved-surface building object provided by the invention, including curved surface are built It builds 1, axis place curved surface 2, infrared ray 3, lateral infrared transmitting device array 4, longitudinal infrared transmitting device array 5, stretch Compression apparatus 12, roller bearing 13, remote control apparatus 18, mobile machine arm 19;

Infrared transmitting device array 4 is made of many infrared transmitting devices, and infrared transmitting device includes infrared ray Transmitter 6, signal control module 7, data processing module 8, signal receiver 10 and/or signal projector 9, telescopic device 12; 12 both ends of telescopic device are configured with roller bearing 13, and roller bearing 13 is made of outer layer ring 14, ball 15 and inner layer ring 16;It is horizontal and vertical red Outside line emitter array 4 and 5 is fixed on above mobile machine arm 19, and the distance between every two infrared transmitting device can be with Adjustment as needed;The two sides of curved-surface building 1 are arranged in two mobile machine arms 19, and direction is mutually perpendicular to;Telescopic device 12 for adjusting RF transmitter 6 to appropriate height as needed;Two infrared transmitting device A1And B1The distance between be l;Infrared transmitting device AiAnd BiThe light beam launched is respectively α with the angle of y-axis and x-axis directioniAnd βi;They and z-axis Angle is respectively γiAnd λi;Remote control apparatus 18 can be to angle αi、βi、γiAnd λiIt is adjusted in real time;It is bent where axis Every bit on face 2 can be determined by the intersection point of two beam infrared rays.

Referring to Fig.1, a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning construction method of curved-surface building object provided by the invention, feature exist In, comprising the following steps:

Step 1: design curved-surface building object template;

If curved-surface building object with a thickness of t, exterior contour is curve:

F (x, y)=0;

Firstly, curved surface where the axis of curved-surface building object is horizontally split into m parts;Then, it is divided into n in short transverse Layer, every layer of height areThe height of i.e. one piece curved surface small panel;At this point, curved-surface building is divided into m × n parts, i.e., it can It is spliced to form by m × n block curved surface small panel, as shown in Figure 6;Then 4 vertex of every a curved surface small panel are set as crucial Point;Finally, calculating according to the Curvature varying of every a curved surface small panel and every layer of height and processing enough muti-piece small panels;

Step 2: positioning curved-surface building object axis;

If infrared transmitting device AiWith infrared transmitting device BiIt is spaced l, infrared transmitting device AiEmit with infrared ray Device BiThe light beam launched is respectively α with the angle of x-axis directioniAnd βi;The angle of they and z-axis is respectively γiAnd λi;Its In, i=1,2 ..., n;

Take z0=0 plane is studied, and in this plane, the intersection point of two beam infrared rays is P (x0,y0, 0), x0To close Coordinate of the key point in x-axis, A1The length of P is l1, B1The length of P is l2

Angle α1And β1Are as follows:

WhenWhen, by P ' (x0,y0,z0) point in xoy plane projection obtain P (x0,y0, 0), infrared ray Emitter A1With infrared transmitting device B1The angle γ of the light beam launched and z-axis1And λ1It is respectively as follows:

Step 3: remote control apparatus 18 passes through infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In signal receive Device 10 and infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In longitudinally rotate control module 11 and lateral rotation control mould Block 17 is communicated, and infrared transmitting device A is controlled1With infrared transmitting device B1In longitudinally rotate control module 11 and laterally The rotational angle of control module 17 is rotated, and then controls infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1Issue infrared ray The drift angle of light beam;Infrared transmitting device A1The light beam of transmitting and the angle of x-axis are α1, the angle with z-axis is γ1;Infrared ray hair Injection device B1The light beam of transmitting and the angle of x-axis are β1, the angle with z-axis is λ1;The intersection point of two beam infrared rays is P ';With α1 Continuous variation, P ' tracks constantly change, these tracing points are connected, and obtain curved-surface building in z=z0In plane Axis;Similarly, infrared transmitting device A is utilizediWith BiCurved-surface building is obtained in z=ziAxis in plane, wherein i=2, 3,...,n;

Step 4: installation curved-surface building object template;

Firstly, curved surface small panel is carried out horizontal splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fix, forms mould Plate, distance of this template apart from curved surface where axis areThen it is in the curved surface where axisOther side be arranged phase Same template;

Step 5: the construction of curved-surface building object;

In bottom, one layer of template after the installation is completed, carries out concrete casting, after construction, by curved surface two where axis The height of the template of side fromIt is increased toNext layer of construction is carried out again, until reaching the height h of building.

Curved surface 2, infrared ray 3, lateral infrared ray hair where although this specification has more used curved-surface building 1, axis Injection device array 4, longitudinal infrared transmitting device array 5, RF transmitter 6, signal control module 7, data processing module 8, signal projector 9, signal receiver 10, longitudinally rotate control module 11, telescopic device 12, roller bearing 13, outer layer ring 14, ball 15, the terms such as inner layer ring 16, lateral rotation control module 17, remote control apparatus 18, mobile machine arm 19, but be not precluded and make A possibility that with other terms.The use of these items is only for more easily describing essence of the invention, they are explained It at any additional limitation is disagreed with spirit of that invention.

It should be understood that the part that this specification does not elaborate belongs to the prior art.

It should be understood that the above-mentioned description for preferred embodiment is more detailed, can not therefore be considered to this The limitation of invention patent protection range, those skilled in the art under the inspiration of the present invention, are not departing from power of the present invention Benefit requires to make replacement or deformation under protected ambit, fall within the scope of protection of the present invention, this hair It is bright range is claimed to be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of infrared three-dimension positioning construction method of curved-surface building object positions dress using the infrared three-dimension of curved-surface building object It sets;Described device includes infrared transmitting device, remote control apparatus (18), mobile machine arm (19);
Several infrared transmitting devices form lateral infrared transmitting device array (4), several infrared transmitting device groups At longitudinal infrared transmitting device array (5);The mobile machine arm (19) is two, and curved surface is arranged in direction mutual vertically The two sides for building (1) are fixedly installed the lateral infrared transmitting device array (4) and longitudinal infrared ray transmitting respectively thereon Apparatus array (5);
The remote control apparatus (18) is used to control the angle of infrared transmitting device transmitting infrared ray (3), so that it is guaranteed that bent Every bit can be determined by the intersection point of two beam infrared rays on curved surface (2) where the axis of face building (1);
It is characterized in that, the described method comprises the following steps:
Step 1: design curved-surface building object template;
If curved-surface building object with a thickness of t, exterior contour is curve:
F (x, y)=0;
Firstly, curved surface where the axis of curved-surface building object is horizontally split into m parts;Then, it is divided into n-layer in short transverse, Every layer of height isThe height of i.e. one piece curved surface small panel;At this point, curved-surface building is divided into m × n parts, i.e., it can be by m × n block curved surface small panel is spliced to form;Then 4 vertex of every a curved surface small panel are set as key point;Finally, according to every The Curvature varying of a curved surface small panel and every layer of height, which calculate, processes enough muti-piece small panels;
Step 2: positioning curved-surface building object axis;
If infrared transmitting device AiWith infrared transmitting device BiIt is spaced l, infrared transmitting device AiAnd infrared transmitting device BiThe light beam launched is respectively α with the angle of x-axis directioniAnd βi;The angle of they and z-axis is respectively γiAnd λi;Wherein, i= 1,2,...,n;
Take z0=0 plane is studied, and in this plane, the intersection point of two beam infrared rays is P (x0,y0, 0), x0For key point In the coordinate of x-axis, A1The length of P is l1, B1The length of P is l2
Angle α1And β1Are as follows:
WhenWhen, by P ' (x0,y0,z0) point in xoy plane projection obtain P (x0,y0, 0), infrared ray transmitting Device A1With infrared transmitting device B1The angle γ of the light beam launched and z-axis1And λ1It is respectively as follows:
Step 3: remote control apparatus (18) passes through infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In signal receiver (10) with infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1In longitudinally rotate control module (11) and lateral rotation control Module (17) is communicated, and infrared transmitting device A is controlled1With infrared transmitting device B1In longitudinally rotate control module (11) With the rotational angle of lateral rotation control module (17), and then control infrared transmitting device A1With infrared transmitting device B1Hair The drift angle of infrared light beam out;Infrared transmitting device A1The light beam of transmitting and the angle of x-axis are α1, the angle with z-axis is γ1; Infrared transmitting device B1The light beam of transmitting and the angle of x-axis are β1, the angle with z-axis is λ1;The intersection point of two beam infrared rays is P′;With α1Continuous variation, P ' tracks constantly change, these tracing points are connected, and obtain curved-surface building in z= z0Axis in plane;Similarly, infrared transmitting device A is utilizediWith BiCurved-surface building is obtained in z=ziAxis in plane, In, i=2,3 ..., n;
Step 4: installation curved-surface building object template;
Firstly, curved surface small panel is carried out horizontal splicing along axis direction at bottom one layer, then fix, form template, This template distance of curved surface where the axis isThen it is in the curved surface where axisOther side setting it is identical Template;
Step 5: the construction of curved-surface building object;
In bottom, one layer of template after the installation is completed, carries out concrete casting, after construction, by curved surface two sides where axis The height of template fromIt is increased toNext layer of construction is carried out again, until reaching the height h of building.
2. according to the method described in claim 1, it is characterized by: the infrared transmitting device includes RF transmitter (6), signal control module (7), data processing module (8), signal receiver (10), signal projector (9), longitudinally rotate control Module (11) and lateral rotation control module (17);
The infrared transmitting device is also configured with telescopic device (12), arrives for adjusting RF transmitter (6) as needed Appropriate height.
3. according to the method described in claim 2, it is characterized by: the telescopic device (12) both ends be configured with roller bearing (13), Roller bearing (13) is made of outer layer ring (14), ball (15) and inner layer ring (16).
CN201710563004.4A 2017-07-11 2017-07-11 A kind of the infrared three-dimension positioning device and positioning construction method of curved-surface building object CN107254969B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107270830B (en) * 2017-07-11 2019-02-12 武汉大学 A kind of the infrared three-dimension positioning device and method of curved-surface building object
CN110130227A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-08-16 中交三公局桥梁隧道工程有限公司 A kind of abnormity component localization method based on infrared ray cross fire

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