CN107251803A - A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107251803A
CN107251803A CN201710585007.8A CN201710585007A CN107251803A CN 107251803 A CN107251803 A CN 107251803A CN 201710585007 A CN201710585007 A CN 201710585007A CN 107251803 A CN107251803 A CN 107251803A
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tea
tree
root
soil
black tea
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岑新标
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Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
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Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
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Priority to CN201710585007.8A priority Critical patent/CN107251803A/en
Publication of CN107251803A publication Critical patent/CN107251803A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • C05D3/02Calcareous fertilisers from limestone, calcium carbonate, calcium hydrate, slaked lime, calcium oxide, waste calcium products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea, including steps such as following selection of land site preparation, seed selection, tea tree transplanting, field management, black tea of the present invention is in natural state growth, planted using organic fertilizer, black tea component content such as amino acid, Tea Polyphenols etc. will be higher by much compared to common black tea, not only flavour more alcohol, and mouthfeel is more fragrant, and nutrition is more rich, its quality is can guarantee that while black tea yield can be improved again.Using the poultry removing part insect under tea grove, tea place ecological species can be increased diversified simultaneously, tea place ecological environment can be preferably kept again, more preferable tealeaves is cultivated, lift tea place benefit, the windproof solid soil in plantation increase hillside of tea tree, water conservation, the ability for resisting harsh weather.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea
Technical field
The invention belongs to tea planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea.
Background technology
Black tea, originating from China, earliest black tea is called Lapsang souchong, by Wuyi Mountain, fujian city star villages and small towns paulownia Kimura Jiang Shi My late grandfather, in (about 1568) Ming Dynasty's middle and later periods, initiative was formed.
Black tea has diuresis, anti-inflammation and sterilization, many effects such as tired, replenishing body fluid and clearing away heat pathogen, removing toxic substances that disappear of refreshing oneself.Black tea contains abundant Flavonoids and potassium element.Flavonoids has very strong antioxidation and potassium is beneficial to heart health, can prevent apoplexy And heart disease.Black tea is after fermented baking is formed.Enzymatic oxidation reaction occurs in the presence of oxidizing ferment for Tea Polyphenols.It is glutinous to stomach The stimulation of film greatly weakens.Moreover, the oxidation product of these Tea Polyphenols can also promote gastro-intestinal digestion.Winter drinks red Tea is very beneficial for digesting and appetizing.
In the prior art, the plantation of tealeaves is typically planted using large area, stocking-type management." denuding " is used during harvesting Formula is plucked, the tealeaves quality doping of harvesting, the quality of tealeaves is influenceed, while also limit the price of tealeaves.Moreover, with tea Use again in year, insect pest and other problemses are increasingly severe, cause that black tea quality is high, yield is not high, and current black tea lacks one The maintenance of plant and picking method of the science of kind, it is impossible to meet the market demand increasingly changed.
Guiping is to look far into the distance in the city that Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region abounds in tea, soil on hundreds of mu of tea places of cultivation, mountain, Landscape is received to the greatest extent, the meaning for having " one pull many mountains small ".But it is due to that tea tree management in the past does not notice that some tea growers do not note in plantation, , after yield increase, from plantation fertilising to medication, all there is relatively rough operation, cause black tea product in particularly a large amount of plantations Matter is not high, yield is not high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to:For above-mentioned deficiency, the invention provides a kind of plantation of high-quality black tea Method, black tea of the present invention is planted in natural state growth using organic fertilizer, black tea component content such as amino acid, Tea Polyphenols etc. To be higher by much compared to common black tea, not only flavour more alcohol, mouthfeel is more fragrant, and nutrition is more rich, can improve black tea yield While can guarantee that its quality again.
In order to achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea, comprise the following steps:
(1)Selection of land site preparation:Select the coverage rate of Guiping City mist has pine tree up to more than 40%, kind, and soil is plants on acid mountain, Trees, shrub and the stone on ground are first cleared up, according to the programming and distribution in tea place, is retained in the middle of pine tree and the tea place around tea place Part pine tree;Secondly tree root, weeds root are removed;Cultivation depth is in more than 50cm, to perennial weeds perennial root and rattan class root system Remove clean;Smooth landform again, the mound being higher by is pushed open, the filling of low-lying hole ground;Surrounding is held successfully in the middle of isolating trenches, plot according to feelings Condition, sets water draining and accumulating ditch at a certain distance, and retaining when fine non-irrigated is discharged when rainwater is more;
(2)Seed selection:Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Hechi City Fengshan County overlapping, rising and falling, fertile soil that is grown on the mountain ridge is introduced, eventually The high-quality black tea that year cloud and mist is curled up;
(3)Tree plant cultivation:According to the actual conditions in novel species tea place, in two kinds of situation, deep ploughed 15-35cm, and table is maintained well The nutrition of surface layer soil, grows beneficial to tea shoot is transplanted;Deep ploughed 50-70cm, and superficial layer Soil tillage is gone down, is unfavorable for transplanted seedling Growth, but beneficial to adult growth of tea plant;When planting tea shoot, ditch 10-15cm, and root above 4-6cm buries, planting density line-spacing 1.2-1.5m;Spacing in the rows in two kinds of situation, single-strain planting spacing 10-15cm, double plants of plantation spacing 18-23cm, every mu of plant 3400- 3600;
(4)Field management:1. growth period water, fertilizer management:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 40-50% of its saturation degree, Rainy season timely draining;After tea shoot is transplanted into garden 45-50d 5-6cm ditches application pig is being opened from tea shoot root 8-10cm places Excrement solid, or spread in the rainy day pig manure liquid;Apply fertilizer every mu of 12-18kg for the first time, is refertilized once every 20-25d later;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 18-22cm;Childhood, adult or Senile tea plant, all annual 11 The end of month trims;
3. hoe up weeds:Tea shoot be transplanted into garden a few days ago spray a weeding will, tea shoot, which is transplanted into behind garden, arranges artificial weeding;
4. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Chicken is put in a suitable place to breed in tea tree garden, while dispose deinsectization lamp, night chicken to open deinsectization lamp deinsectization after returning chicken coop, Plant ash is spread after the rainy day, is strengthened management, strengthens tree vigo(u)r;Dry pine needle is layered on tea tree root by winter.
Further, in step(1), the acid soil is according to the soil property situation of planting site, with lime, aluminum sulfate, sulphur Sour ferrous or with acidity, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value is adjusted, and it is 5.5-6.5 to make soil pH value.
Further, in step(3), drainage works are carried out before tea tree transplanting.In case rained after transplanting to arrange in time Water tea seedling is drowned.
Further, in step(3), tea tree, which transplants preceding tea place, will use sufficient placed point straw, tea between farm manure base manure, tea ridge Tree seedling is short of seedling timely polishing, and shower shower pipe is laid after tea tree planting.
Further, in step(4), the field management will be according to the determination of tealeaves actual growing state, such as in fertilising Tea tree leaf is matt, wilts, turn yellow, it is necessary to applicating liquid fertilizer;Solid fertilizer, solid are applied if tea tree is without characteristic symptom Fertilizer and liquid fertilizer can be applied in turn.Heretofore described farm manure base manure, solid or liquid pig manure are all without change Learn the farm manure of synthesis fertilizer.
In summary, the present invention has the positive effect that as a result of such scheme:
(1)Fertilizer used in tea tree planting of the present invention is all from the plant near tea plantation, and live pig excrement is first separated through solid-liquid, Gu Body fertilizer is manually directly imposed on the ground, and liquid fertilizer then implements drip irrigation through equipment, is supplemented at any time according to the growing state of tea tree, and Some mineral matters are supplemented to tea tree by well water or mountain spring water.
(2)Black tea of the present invention is in natural state growth, and tea place yield lifting, tea quality is excellent, for the tealeaves output value, Its income is greatly promoted.Planted using organic fertilizer, tealeaves is pure natural nuisanceless, do not apply completely any artificial synthesized chemical fertilizer, Agricultural chemicals and plant growth regulator, black tea component content such as amino acid, Tea Polyphenols etc. will be higher by a lot, not only compared to common black tea Flavour more alcohol, mouthfeel is more fragrant, and nutrition is more rich, can guarantee that its quality, Neng Gouman while can improving black tea yield again The need for the sufficient various high-grade organic red teas of in the market, developing for popularization and tea industry for tea culture has great Meaning and far-reaching influence.
(3)While the present invention improves tea grower's income, it is convenient that the waste processing also for plant is provided, and local villager can So that to tea processing factory and plant's manual labour, can also become a shareholder tea processing factory or plant, to the local poor villager in Guiping City provide employment or The chance become a shareholder, it is rich after being driven by getting rich first, further carry out place mat for the anti-poverty project of Guiping City.
(4)The present invention can increase tea place ecological species diversified same using the poultry removing part insect under tea grove When, tea place ecological environment can be preferably kept again, more preferable tealeaves is cultivated, and lift tea place benefit, the plantation increase mountain of tea tree The windproof solid soil in slope, water conservation, the ability for resisting harsh weather.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment to a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea of the invention, it is described further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea, comprise the following steps:
(1)Selection of land site preparation:Select the coverage rate of Guiping City mist has pine tree up to more than 40%, kind, and soil is plants on acid mountain, Trees, shrub and the stone on ground are first cleared up, according to the programming and distribution in tea place, is retained in the middle of pine tree and the tea place around tea place Part pine tree;Secondly tree root, weeds root are removed;Cultivation depth is in more than 50cm, to perennial weeds perennial root and rattan class root system Remove clean;Smooth landform again, the mound being higher by is pushed open, the filling of low-lying hole ground;Surrounding is held successfully in the middle of isolating trenches, plot according to feelings Condition, sets water draining and accumulating ditch at a certain distance, and retaining when fine non-irrigated is discharged when rainwater is more, and the acid soil is according to planting site Soil property situation, is adjusted with lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or with acid, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value, makes soil Earth pH value is 5.5-6.5;
(2)Seed selection:Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Hechi City Fengshan County overlapping, rising and falling, fertile soil that is grown on the mountain ridge is introduced, eventually The high-quality black tea that year cloud and mist is curled up;
(3)Tree plant cultivation:According to the actual conditions in novel species tea place, in two kinds of situation, deep ploughed 15cm, and superficial layer is maintained well The nutrition of soil, grows beneficial to tea shoot is transplanted;Deep ploughed 50cm, and superficial layer Soil tillage is gone down, and is unfavorable for transplanted seedling growth, but Beneficial to adult growth of tea plant;When planting tea shoot, ditch 10cm, and root above 4cm buries, planting density line-spacing 1.2m;Spacing in the rows point Two kinds of situations, single-strain planting spacing 10cm, double plants of plantation spacing 18cm, every mu is planted 3400;Tea tree will carry out draining before transplanting Work, so as not to be rained after transplanting could not the tea seedling of draining in time it is drowned;Tea tree, which transplants preceding tea place, will use sufficient farm manure base manure, tea ridge Between placed point straw, tea tree seedling is short of seedling timely polishing, and shower shower pipe is laid after tea tree planting;
(4)Field management:1. growth period water, fertilizer management:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 40% of its saturation degree, many Rainy season timely draining;After tea shoot is transplanted into garden 45d from tea shoot root 8cm places open 5cm ditches apply pig manure solid, or Rainy day spreads pig manure liquid;Apply fertilizer every mu of 12kg for the first time, is refertilized once every 20d later;According to the actual growing state of tealeaves It is determined that, such as tea tree leaf is matt, wilts, turn yellow, it is necessary to applicating liquid fertilizer;Solid fertilizer is applied if tea tree is without characteristic symptom Material, solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer can be applied in turn;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 18cm;Childhood, adult or Senile tea plant, all it is annual by the end of November Trimming;
3. hoe up weeds:Tea shoot be transplanted into garden a few days ago spray a weeding will, tea shoot, which is transplanted into behind garden, arranges artificial weeding;
4. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Chicken is put in a suitable place to breed in tea tree garden, while dispose deinsectization lamp, night chicken to open deinsectization lamp deinsectization after returning chicken coop, Plant ash is spread after the rainy day, is strengthened management, strengthens tree vigo(u)r;Dry pine needle is layered on tea tree root by winter.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea, comprise the following steps:
(1)Selection of land site preparation:Select the coverage rate of Guiping City mist has pine tree up to more than 40%, kind, and soil is plants on acid mountain, Trees, shrub and the stone on ground are first cleared up, according to the programming and distribution in tea place, is retained in the middle of pine tree and the tea place around tea place Part pine tree;Secondly tree root, weeds root are removed;Cultivation depth is in more than 50cm, to perennial weeds perennial root and rattan class root system Remove clean;Smooth landform again, the mound being higher by is pushed open, the filling of low-lying hole ground;Surrounding is held successfully in the middle of isolating trenches, plot according to feelings Condition, sets water draining and accumulating ditch at a certain distance, and retaining when fine non-irrigated is discharged when rainwater is more, and the acid soil is according to planting site Soil property situation, is adjusted with lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or with acid, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value, makes soil Earth pH value is 6.5;
(2)Seed selection:Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Hechi City Fengshan County overlapping, rising and falling, fertile soil that is grown on the mountain ridge is introduced, eventually The high-quality black tea that year cloud and mist is curled up;
(3)Tree plant cultivation:According to the actual conditions in novel species tea place, in two kinds of situation, deep ploughed 35cm, and superficial layer is maintained well The nutrition of soil, grows beneficial to tea shoot is transplanted;Deep ploughed 70cm, and superficial layer Soil tillage is gone down, and is unfavorable for transplanted seedling growth, but Beneficial to adult growth of tea plant;When planting tea shoot, ditch 15cm, and root above 6cm buries, planting density line-spacing 1.5m;Spacing in the rows point Two kinds of situations, single-strain planting spacing 15cm, double plants of plantation spacing 23cm, every mu is planted 3600;Tea tree will carry out draining before transplanting Work, so as not to be rained after transplanting could not the tea seedling of draining in time it is drowned;Tea tree, which transplants preceding tea place, will use sufficient farm manure base manure, tea ridge Between placed point straw, tea tree seedling is short of seedling timely polishing, and shower shower pipe is laid after tea tree planting;
(4)Field management:1. growth period water, fertilizer management:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 50% of its saturation degree, many Rainy season timely draining;6cm ditches application pig manure solid is being opened from tea shoot root 10cm places after tea shoot is transplanted into garden 50d, or Pig manure liquid is spread in the rainy day;Apply fertilizer every mu of 18kg for the first time, is refertilized once every 25d later;According to the actual growth feelings of tealeaves Condition determines that such as tea tree leaf is matt, wilts, turn yellow, it is necessary to applicating liquid fertilizer;Solid is applied if tea tree is without characteristic symptom Fertilizer, solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer can be applied in turn;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 22cm;Childhood, adult or Senile tea plant, all it is annual by the end of November Trimming;
3. hoe up weeds:Tea shoot be transplanted into garden a few days ago spray a weeding will, tea shoot, which is transplanted into behind garden, arranges artificial weeding;
4. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Chicken is put in a suitable place to breed in tea tree garden, while dispose deinsectization lamp, night chicken to open deinsectization lamp deinsectization after returning chicken coop, Plant ash is spread after the rainy day, is strengthened management, strengthens tree vigo(u)r;Dry pine needle is layered on tea tree root by winter.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea, comprise the following steps:
(1)Selection of land site preparation:Select the coverage rate of Guiping City mist has pine tree up to more than 40%, kind, and soil is plants on acid mountain, Trees, shrub and the stone on ground are first cleared up, according to the programming and distribution in tea place, is retained in the middle of pine tree and the tea place around tea place Part pine tree;Secondly tree root, weeds root are removed;Cultivation depth is in more than 50cm, to perennial weeds perennial root and rattan class root system Remove clean;Smooth landform again, the mound being higher by is pushed open, the filling of low-lying hole ground;Surrounding is held successfully in the middle of isolating trenches, plot according to feelings Condition, sets water draining and accumulating ditch at a certain distance, and retaining when fine non-irrigated is discharged when rainwater is more, and the acid soil is according to planting site Soil property situation, is adjusted with lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or with acid, alkalescence Organic Manure on Soil acid-base value, makes soil Earth pH value is 6.0;
(2)Seed selection:Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Hechi City Fengshan County overlapping, rising and falling, fertile soil that is grown on the mountain ridge is introduced, eventually The high-quality black tea that year cloud and mist is curled up;
(3)Tree plant cultivation:According to the actual conditions in novel species tea place, in two kinds of situation, deep ploughed 23cm, and superficial layer is maintained well The nutrition of soil, grows beneficial to tea shoot is transplanted;Deep ploughed 61cm, and superficial layer Soil tillage is gone down, and is unfavorable for transplanted seedling growth, but Beneficial to adult growth of tea plant;When planting tea shoot, ditch 13cm, and root above 5.1cm buries, planting density line-spacing 1.3m;Spacing in the rows In two kinds of situation, single-strain planting spacing 13cm, double plants of plantation spacing 21cm, every mu is planted 3550;Tea tree will the row of carrying out before transplanting Water conservancy project is made, so as not to be rained after transplanting could not the tea seedling of draining in time it is drowned;Tea tree, which transplants preceding tea place, will use sufficient farm manure base manure, tea Placed point straw between ridge, tea tree seedling is short of seedling timely polishing, and shower shower pipe is laid after tea tree planting;
(4)Field management:1. growth period water, fertilizer management:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 45% of its saturation degree, many Rainy season timely draining;5.5cm ditches application pig manure solid is being opened from tea shoot root 9cm places after tea shoot is transplanted into garden 47d, or Pig manure liquid is spread in the rainy day;Apply fertilizer every mu of 15kg for the first time, is refertilized once every 23d later;According to the actual growth feelings of tealeaves Condition determines that such as tea tree leaf is matt, wilts, turn yellow, it is necessary to applicating liquid fertilizer;Solid is applied if tea tree is without characteristic symptom Fertilizer, solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer can be applied in turn;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 20cm;Childhood, adult or Senile tea plant, all it is annual by the end of November Trimming;
3. hoe up weeds:Tea shoot be transplanted into garden a few days ago spray a weeding will, tea shoot, which is transplanted into behind garden, arranges artificial weeding;
4. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Chicken is put in a suitable place to breed in tea tree garden, while dispose deinsectization lamp, night chicken to open deinsectization lamp deinsectization after returning chicken coop, Plant ash is spread after the rainy day, is strengthened management, strengthens tree vigo(u)r;Dry pine needle is layered on tea tree root by winter.
In summary, fertilizer used in tea tree planting of the present invention is all from the plant near tea plantation, and live pig excrement is first through solid Liquid is separated, and solid fertilizer is manually directly imposed on the ground, and liquid fertilizer then implements drip irrigation through equipment, according to the growing state of tea tree Supplement at any time, and some mineral matters are supplemented to tea tree by well water or mountain spring water;
Black tea of the present invention is in natural state growth, and tea place yield lifting, tea quality is excellent, for the tealeaves output value, its income Greatly promote.Planted using organic fertilizer, tealeaves is pure natural nuisanceless, do not apply completely any artificial synthesized chemical fertilizer, agricultural chemicals and Plant growth regulator, black tea component content such as amino acid, Tea Polyphenols etc. will be higher by much compared to common black tea, and not only flavour is more Alcohol, mouthfeel is more fragrant, and nutrition is more rich, can guarantee that its quality while can improving black tea yield again, disclosure satisfy that market The need for upper various high-grade organic red teas, popularization and tea industry for tea culture are developed, have great significance and Far-reaching influence.While the present invention improves tea grower's income, it is convenient that the waste processing also for plant is provided, and local villager can So that to tea processing factory and plant's manual labour, can also become a shareholder tea processing factory or plant, to the local poor villager in Guiping City provide employment or The chance become a shareholder, it is rich after being driven by getting rich first, further carry out place mat for the anti-poverty project of Guiping City.The present invention is using in tea tree Sylvan life poultry removes part insect, and it is diversified simultaneously to increase tea place ecological species, and the ecological ring in tea place can be preferably kept again Border, cultivates more preferable tealeaves, lifts tea place benefit, and the windproof solid soil in plantation increase hillside of tea tree, water conservation, resistance are severe The ability of weather.
The preferred embodiment of invention is the foregoing is only, is not intended to limit the invention, all spirit in the present invention Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
Selection of land site preparation:Select the coverage rate of Guiping City mist has pine tree up to more than 40%, kind, and soil is plants on acid mountain, first clearly Trees, shrub and the stone on ground are managed, according to the programming and distribution in tea place, retains the pine tree around tea place and the part in the middle of tea place Pine tree;Secondly tree root, weeds root are removed;Cultivation depth is removed in more than 50cm to perennial weeds perennial root and rattan class root system Totally;Smooth landform again, the mound being higher by is pushed open, the filling of low-lying hole ground;Surrounding is held successfully in the middle of isolating trenches, plot according to circumstances, Water draining and accumulating ditch is set at a certain distance, and retaining when fine non-irrigated is discharged when rainwater is more;
(2)Seed selection:Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Hechi City Fengshan County overlapping, rising and falling, fertile soil that is grown on the mountain ridge is introduced, eventually The high-quality black tea that year cloud and mist is curled up;
(3)Tree plant cultivation:According to the actual conditions in novel species tea place, in two kinds of situation, deep ploughing 15-35cm or deep ploughing 50-70cm kinds When planting tea shoot, ditch 10-15cm, and root above 4-6cm buries, planting density line-spacing 1.2-1.5m;Spacing in the rows is in two kinds of situation, single Strain plantation spacing 10-15cm, double plants of plantation spacing 18-23cm, every mu is planted 3400-3600;
(4)Field management:1. growth period water, fertilizer management:Periodically water, the humidity for keeping embanked field is the 40-50% of its saturation degree, Rainy season timely draining;After tea shoot is transplanted into garden 45-50d 5-6cm ditches application pig is being opened from tea shoot root 8-10cm places Excrement solid, or spread in the rainy day pig manure liquid;Apply fertilizer every mu of 12-18kg for the first time, is refertilized once every 20-25d later;
2. pruning:After field planting, the cutting back at trunk 18-22cm;Childhood, adult or Senile tea plant, all annual 11 The end of month trims;
3. hoe up weeds:Tea shoot be transplanted into garden a few days ago spray a weeding will, tea shoot, which is transplanted into behind garden, arranges artificial weeding;
4. the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Chicken is put in a suitable place to breed in tea tree garden, while dispose deinsectization lamp, night chicken to open deinsectization lamp deinsectization after returning chicken coop, Plant ash is spread after the rainy day, is strengthened management, strengthens tree vigo(u)r;Dry pine needle is layered on tea tree root by winter.
2. a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step(1), the acid Property soil according to the soil property situation of planting site, with lime, aluminum sulfate, ferrous sulfate or Organic Manure on Soil with acid alkalescence Acid-base value is adjusted, and it is 5.5-6.5 to make soil pH value.
3. a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step(3), tea tree shifting Drainage works are carried out before cultivation.
4. a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step(3), tea tree shifting Placed point straw between farm manure base manure, tea ridge will be used sufficient by planting preceding tea place, and tea tree seedling is short of seedling timely polishing, is spread after tea tree planting If shower shower pipe.
5. a kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step(4), the field Between manage and to be determined in fertilising according to the actual growing state of tealeaves, such as tea tree leaf is matt, wilt, flavescence, it is necessary to using Liquid fertilizer;Solid fertilizer is applied if tea tree is without characteristic symptom, solid fertilizer and liquid fertilizer can be applied in turn.
CN201710585007.8A 2017-07-18 2017-07-18 A kind of implantation methods of high-quality black tea Pending CN107251803A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108925358A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-12-04 蒙建玲 A kind of implantation methods of organic white beef tea tree
CN109220687A (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-01-18 湖北广源农业科技有限公司 Improve the integrated management approach of nursery stock survival rate
CN110583323A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-20 贵州省果树科学研究所 Comprehensive prevention and control method for dichocrocis punctiferalis in dragon orchard
CN111492889A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-07 陕西理工大学 Planting method of tea trees and tea leaves obtained by planting tea trees

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CN103385101A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-11-13 安徽宏云制茶有限公司 Golden bud tea planting method
CN103947422A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-30 广西罗城新科双全有机食品有限公司 Plantation method for tea tree
CN104285628A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-21 广西金花茶业有限公司 Method for planting organic tea trees
CN105265276A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-27 朱罗伟 Ecological healthy organic camellia sinensis planting method

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CN103385101A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-11-13 安徽宏云制茶有限公司 Golden bud tea planting method
CN103947422A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-30 广西罗城新科双全有机食品有限公司 Plantation method for tea tree
CN104285628A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-21 广西金花茶业有限公司 Method for planting organic tea trees
CN105265276A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-01-27 朱罗伟 Ecological healthy organic camellia sinensis planting method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108925358A (en) * 2018-08-20 2018-12-04 蒙建玲 A kind of implantation methods of organic white beef tea tree
CN109220687A (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-01-18 湖北广源农业科技有限公司 Improve the integrated management approach of nursery stock survival rate
CN110583323A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-20 贵州省果树科学研究所 Comprehensive prevention and control method for dichocrocis punctiferalis in dragon orchard
CN111492889A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-07 陕西理工大学 Planting method of tea trees and tea leaves obtained by planting tea trees

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Application publication date: 20171017