CN107244945A - Method for designing ceramic decorative patterns - Google Patents

Method for designing ceramic decorative patterns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107244945A
CN107244945A CN201710472904.8A CN201710472904A CN107244945A CN 107244945 A CN107244945 A CN 107244945A CN 201710472904 A CN201710472904 A CN 201710472904A CN 107244945 A CN107244945 A CN 107244945A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ceramic
idiosome
dimpled grain
layer
decorative patterns
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710472904.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤青卿
吴志星
Original Assignee
景德镇陶瓷大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 景德镇陶瓷大学 filed Critical 景德镇陶瓷大学
Priority to CN201710472904.8A priority Critical patent/CN107244945A/en
Publication of CN107244945A publication Critical patent/CN107244945A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/04Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for coating or applying engobing layers
    • B28B11/044Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for coating or applying engobing layers with glaze or engobe or enamel or varnish
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/22Removing surface-material, e.g. by engraving, by etching
    • B44C1/224Removing surface-material, e.g. by engraving, by etching manually
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • C03C8/04Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form containing zinc
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns, comprise the following steps:Idiosome is made, viscous idiosome, Fill Color is repaiied, adds granule crystal, repaved on the idiosome for be furnished with granule crystal and spread layer of transparent frit and high-temperature firing idiosome;The design method scrapes natural dimpled grain by using the sawtooth of firm saw blade on the dry embryo bottom of ceramic, and thinly coffee-like water glaze is painted on dimpled grain, then sprays layer of transparent glaze colours with spray gun makes picture pattern decorative effect air, with combining together naturally;On motif surface granule crystal is distributed into the form of interspersing, clear frit layer is formed on pattern and granule crystal again, because the translucency and the translucency of clear frit layer of granule crystal have differences, glazed layer is formed scattering, refraction and projection, the overall solid layer feeling of glaze Ceramic Tiles is thrown so as to enhance.

Description

Method for designing ceramic decorative patterns
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic technology field, more particularly to a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns.
Background technology
Ceramics are the crystallizations of Chinese numerous working people's ability, wisdom and emotion, with very high practical value and appreciation Value, is that commodity are also the art work, ceramic decorative patterns occupy highly importantly in the Traditional Dermatoglyphic Pattern of ancient Chinese Position is the mankind in different societies and the emotion of period of history and the reflection of faith, is also mankind's divine force that created the universe and aesthetic goes through History is witnessed.
Traditional pottery decorative pattern is typically all decorative pattern, scenery with hills and waters, scenery, personage, although those patterns are also all very Fineness, but because familiar, imagination space is just restricted.The design of these patterns is generally also and thought in people simultaneously The manual operations carried out as in the range of, shows decoration speed slowly, inefficiency, the shortcomings of cost is high.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns, to solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology The problem of.
The invention provides a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns, comprise the following steps:
(1) idiosome is made:Dimpled grain is scraped on ceramic body dry body outer surface using metal saw blade, that is, passes through hand-held metal saw blade Nature dimpled grain is scraped using sawtooth feature, annular dimpled grain is scraped on the dry embryo outer surface of its round ceramic product, square ceramic product is done Root Ju design requirement on vertical bar dimpled grain, the irregular dry embryo outer surface of ceramic is scraped on embryo outer surface and scrapes corresponding dimpled grain;
(2) viscous idiosome is repaiied:The dust in dimpled grain is cleaned up with injection needle, while ensuring the definition of dimpled grain;
(3) Fill Color:Using craft or computer cooperative mechanical arm on ceramic products dry blank dimpled grain decorative pattern or Coffee-like water glaze thick one layer of 0.1-0.2mm of person's brush;
(4) and then on the surface of decorative pattern or glaze it is distributed into granule crystal;
(5) repaved on the idiosome for be furnished with granule crystal and spread layer of transparent frit;
(6) high-temperature firing idiosome:Ceramic products dry blank is sent into kiln through 1170 DEG C~1200 DEG C oxidizing atmospheres firings Shaping.
It is preferred that the dimpled grain width described in step (1) is 1.1mm, depth is 0.9mm.
It is preferred that described in step (1) ceramic body shaping can for injection forming, roll-forming or other method into Type.
It is preferred that the coffee-like water glaze concentration described in step (3) is 25 Baume degrees.
It is preferred that the coffee-like water glaze surface spraying described in step (3) has the thick transparent water glaze of one layer of 0.5mm.
It is preferred that the granule crystal described in step (4) is made up of inorganic non-metallic material, the fusing point of the granule crystal Higher than the fusing point of clear frit layer.
It is preferred that the granule crystal is frit, the component of frit is by percentage to the quality:
The frit component of surface clear frit layer is by percentage to the quality:
It is preferred that the burr that the idiosome that step (6) is obtained is gone out by mechanical means or chemical method on idiosome, most Afterwards to all being polished into porcelain outer surface.
Compared to the prior art the present invention, the advantage is that:
It is dry in ceramic by using the sawtooth of firm saw blade the invention provides a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns Natural dimpled grain is scraped on embryo bottom, thinly coffee-like water glaze is painted on dimpled grain, then sprays layer of transparent glaze colours with spray gun makes Picture pattern decorative effect air, with combining together naturally;Granule crystal is distributed into the form of interspersing on motif surface, then Clear frit layer is formed on pattern and granule crystal, due to the translucency and the translucency of clear frit layer of granule crystal Have differences, glazed layer is formed scattering, refraction and projection, the overall stereoscopic level of glaze Ceramic Tiles is thrown so as to enhance Sense.In summary, design method of the invention is a very bold ` uniqueness ` and the technique of expression innovated, makes easy, more Energy-conserving and environment-protective can be advocated, economized on resources, show the in different poses and with different expressions of the Nature, different visual effects are created.
Brief description of the drawings
The flow chart that Fig. 1 provides for the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, it is to be understood that of the invention Protection domain do not limited by embodiment.
As shown in figure 1, the embodiments of the invention provide a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns, comprising the following steps:
(1) idiosome is made:Dimpled grain is scraped on ceramic body dry body outer surface using metal saw blade, that is, passes through hand-held metal saw blade Nature dimpled grain is scraped using sawtooth feature, annular dimpled grain is scraped on the dry embryo outer surface of its round ceramic product, square ceramic product is done Root Ju design requirement on vertical bar dimpled grain, the irregular dry embryo outer surface of ceramic is scraped on embryo outer surface and scrapes corresponding dimpled grain;
(2) viscous idiosome is repaiied:The dust in dimpled grain is cleaned up with injection needle, while ensuring the definition of dimpled grain;
(3) Fill Color:Using craft or computer cooperative mechanical arm on ceramic products dry blank dimpled grain decorative pattern or Coffee-like water glaze thick one layer of 0.1-0.2mm of person's brush;
(4) and then on the surface of decorative pattern or glaze it is distributed into granule crystal;
(5) repaved on the idiosome for be furnished with granule crystal and spread layer of transparent frit;
(6) high-temperature firing idiosome:Ceramic products dry blank is sent into kiln through 1170 DEG C~1200 DEG C oxidizing atmospheres firings Shaping.
In embodiments of the present invention, the dimpled grain width described in step (1) is 1.1mm, and depth is 0.9mm;In step (1) Described ceramic body shaping can be injection forming, roll-forming or other method shaping;Coffee color described in step (3) Water glaze concentration is 25 Baume degrees;Coffee-like water glaze surface spraying described in step (3) has the thick transparent water glaze of one layer of 0.5mm; Granule crystal described in step (4) is made up of inorganic non-metallic material, and the fusing point of the granule crystal is higher than clear frit layer Fusing point;The granule crystal is frit, and the component of frit is by percentage to the quality:
The frit component of surface clear frit layer is by percentage to the quality:
Further, the burr that idiosome step (6) obtained is gone out by mechanical means or chemical method on idiosome, Finally to all being polished into porcelain outer surface.
In summary, a kind of method for designing ceramic decorative patterns provided in an embodiment of the present invention, by using firm saw blade Sawtooth scrapes natural dimpled grain on the dry embryo bottom of ceramic, and thinly coffee-like water glaze, then sprayed with spray gun is painted on dimpled grain The transparent glaze colours of last layer makes picture pattern decorative effect air, with combining together naturally;On motif surface to intersperse shape Formula is distributed into granule crystal, then forms on pattern and granule crystal clear frit layer, due to granule crystal translucency with The translucency of clear frit layer has differences, and glazed layer is formed scattering, refraction and projection, so as to enhance throwing glazed pottery The overall solid layer feeling of ceramic tile.In summary, design method of the invention is a very bold ` uniqueness ` and the table innovated Existing method, makes easy, can more advocate energy-conserving and environment-protective, economize on resources, show the in different poses and with different expressions of the Nature, create different visions Effect.

Claims (8)

1. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) idiosome is made:Dimpled grain is scraped on ceramic body dry body outer surface using metal saw blade, i.e., utilized by hand-held metal saw blade Sawtooth feature scrapes nature dimpled grain, is scraped on the dry embryo outer surface of its round ceramic product outside annular dimpled grain, the dry embryo of square ceramic product Root Ju design requirement on vertical bar dimpled grain, the irregular dry embryo outer surface of ceramic is scraped on surface and scrapes corresponding dimpled grain;
(2) viscous idiosome is repaiied:The dust in dimpled grain is cleaned up with injection needle, while ensuring the definition of dimpled grain;
(3) Fill Color:Using craft or computer cooperative mechanical arm on ceramic products dry blank dimpled grain decorative pattern or brush Coffee-like water glaze thick one layer of 0.1-0.2mm;
(4) and then on the surface of decorative pattern or glaze it is distributed into granule crystal;
(5) repaved on the idiosome for be furnished with granule crystal and spread layer of transparent frit;
(6) high-temperature firing idiosome:Ceramic products dry blank is sent into fire through 1170 DEG C~1200 DEG C oxidizing atmospheres in kiln and shaped.
2. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the dimpled grain described in step (1) is wide Spend for 1.1mm, depth is 0.9mm.
3. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the ceramic blank described in step (1) Body formed can be injection forming, roll-forming or other method shaping.
4. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the coffee color described in step (3) Water glaze concentration is 25 Baume degrees.
5. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the coffee color described in step (3) Water glaze surface spraying has the thick transparent water glaze of one layer of 0.5mm.
6. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the particle described in step (4) is brilliant Body is made up of inorganic non-metallic material, fusing point of the fusing point higher than clear frit layer of the granule crystal.
7. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the granule crystal is frit, is melted The component of block is by percentage to the quality:
The frit component of surface clear frit layer is by percentage to the quality:
8. method for designing ceramic decorative patterns as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the idiosome for obtaining step (6) leads to The burr that mechanical means or chemical method are gone out on idiosome is crossed, finally to all being polished into porcelain outer surface.
CN201710472904.8A 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 Method for designing ceramic decorative patterns CN107244945A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710472904.8A CN107244945A (en) 2017-06-21 2017-06-21 Method for designing ceramic decorative patterns

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108972839A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-11 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation process and its ceramic tile of thin layer cloth solid Ceramic Tiles

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102060574A (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-05-18 湖南泰鑫瓷业有限公司 Method of forming antique grain pattern on ceramic product
CN102653476A (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-09-05 陈满坚 Three-dimensional hierarchical glazed ceramic brick and method for preparing same

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102060574A (en) * 2010-12-01 2011-05-18 湖南泰鑫瓷业有限公司 Method of forming antique grain pattern on ceramic product
CN102653476A (en) * 2012-04-17 2012-09-05 陈满坚 Three-dimensional hierarchical glazed ceramic brick and method for preparing same

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108972839A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-11 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation process and its ceramic tile of thin layer cloth solid Ceramic Tiles

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