CN107236850B - Quenching device with auxiliary discharging structure - Google Patents

Quenching device with auxiliary discharging structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107236850B
CN107236850B CN201710675193.4A CN201710675193A CN107236850B CN 107236850 B CN107236850 B CN 107236850B CN 201710675193 A CN201710675193 A CN 201710675193A CN 107236850 B CN107236850 B CN 107236850B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
opening
quenching
furnace body
discharging structure
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Application number
CN201710675193.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107236850A (en
Inventor
魏剑峰
林国富
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Putian Chengxiang Xinghua Electronic Mold Co ltd
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Putian Chengxiang Xinghua Electronic Mold Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Putian Chengxiang Xinghua Electronic Mold Co ltd filed Critical Putian Chengxiang Xinghua Electronic Mold Co ltd
Priority to CN201710675193.4A priority Critical patent/CN107236850B/en
Publication of CN107236850A publication Critical patent/CN107236850A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D1/00General methods or devices for heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering
    • C21D1/62Quenching devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D9/00Heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering, adapted for particular articles; Furnaces therefor
    • C21D9/0006Details, accessories not peculiar to any of the following furnaces
    • C21D9/0018Details, accessories not peculiar to any of the following furnaces for charging, discharging or manipulation of charge

Abstract

The utility model provides a quenching device of ejection of compact structure is assisted in area, includes the quenching furnace, the quenching furnace includes furnace body, furnace chamber and furnace gate, be equipped with the opening on the side of furnace body, the furnace gate is located the opening part, the opening intercommunication the furnace chamber still includes support piece and defeated material spare, support piece is close to being equipped with of quenching furnace one side of furnace gate, defeated material spare is located support piece is last, defeated material spare with the opening corresponds the setting, defeated material spare is located along the direction of height of quenching furnace the top of the bottom surface of furnace chamber, support piece is towards being close to or keeping away from the portable setting of open-ended direction. When materials need to be taken, the quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure opens the furnace door, the supporting piece moves towards the direction close to the opening of the furnace body, one end of the plate is placed on the material conveying piece and then taken out, and the plate can be effectively prevented from scraping the bottom surface of the furnace chamber or the outer wall of the furnace body.

Description

Quenching device with auxiliary discharging structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to a quenching device with an auxiliary discharging structure.
Background
The quenching furnace is a non-standard electric furnace specially designed according to the requirements of users, and is mainly used for heat treatment of quenching, heating and the like of various workpieces in the aluminum industry. When the quenching furnace is used, the plate is placed in a furnace chamber of the quenching furnace and heated to a preset temperature, and then the furnace door is opened to take out the plate for quenching. When the panel is taken out manually, because the panel temperature is higher and the weight is heavier, the panel scrapes the bottom surface of the furnace chamber and the outer wall of the furnace body easily, and then destroys the bottom surface of the furnace chamber or the outer wall of the furnace body.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: provides a quenching device with an auxiliary discharging structure, which can protect the bottom surface of a furnace chamber and the outer wall of a furnace body when materials are taken.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
the utility model provides a quenching device of ejection of compact structure is assisted in area, includes the quenching furnace, the quenching furnace includes furnace body, furnace chamber and furnace gate, be equipped with the opening on the side of furnace body, the furnace gate is located the opening part, the opening intercommunication the furnace chamber still includes support piece and defeated material spare, support piece is close to being equipped with of quenching furnace one side of furnace gate, defeated material spare is located support piece is last, defeated material spare with the opening corresponds the setting, defeated material spare is located along the direction of height of quenching furnace the top of the bottom surface of furnace chamber, support piece is towards being close to or keeping away from the portable setting of open-ended direction.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: when materials need to be taken, the furnace door is opened, the supporting piece moves towards the direction close to the opening of the furnace body, and after the supporting piece moves to a proper position, one end of the plate is placed on the conveying piece and then taken out, so that the plate can be effectively prevented from scraping the bottom surface of the furnace chamber or the outer wall of the furnace body.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the working state of a quenching device with an auxiliary discharging structure according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure in the non-operating state according to the embodiment of the invention
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the working state of the quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure according to the embodiment of the invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. a support member; 2. a material conveying part; 3. a quenching furnace; 31. a furnace body; 32. a furnace door; 33. a furnace chamber;
4. a limiting device; 41. a first limit piece; 42. a second limiting member; 5. a first motor; 6. a transmission device; 61. a slide rail; 62. a slide block.
Detailed Description
In order to explain technical contents, achieved objects, and effects of the present invention in detail, the following description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings in combination with the embodiments.
The most key concept of the invention is as follows: the supporting piece provided with the material conveying piece can move towards the direction close to or far away from the opening of the furnace body, the supporting piece is close to the opening of the furnace body when the plate needs to be taken out, and the bottom surface of the furnace chamber and the outer wall of the furnace body are protected by utilizing the material conveying piece to bear the plate.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a quenching apparatus with an auxiliary discharging structure includes a quenching furnace 3, where the quenching furnace 3 includes a furnace body 31, a furnace chamber 33, a furnace door 32, an opening is provided on a side surface of the furnace body 31, the furnace door 32 is provided at the opening, the opening is communicated with the furnace chamber 33, the quenching apparatus further includes a support member 1 and a material conveying member 2, the support member 1 is close to a side of the quenching furnace 3 where the furnace door 32 is provided, the material conveying member 2 is provided on the support member 1, the material conveying member 2 is provided corresponding to the opening, the material conveying member 2 is located above a bottom surface of the furnace chamber 33 along a height direction of the quenching furnace 3, and the support member 1 is movably provided toward or away from the opening.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when materials need to be taken, the furnace door is opened, the supporting piece is moved to a proper position close to the opening of the furnace body, one end of the heated plate in the furnace chamber is placed on the material conveying piece and then taken out, the supporting piece is moved to a position far away from the opening of the furnace body after the plate is taken out, and the furnace door is closed again to finish one-time operation.
From the above description, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: when materials need to be taken, the furnace door is opened, the supporting piece moves towards the direction close to the opening of the furnace body, and after the supporting piece moves to a proper position, one end of the plate is placed on the conveying piece and then taken out, so that the plate can be effectively prevented from scraping the bottom surface of the furnace chamber or the outer wall of the furnace body.
Further, still include stop device 4, stop device 4 includes first locating part 41 and second locating part 42, first locating part 41 is located on the furnace body 31 is equipped with open-ended side, second locating part 42 is located support piece 1 is last, follow on the first locating part 41 be equipped with spacing hole on support piece 1's the moving direction, second locating part 42 passes spacing hole and in spacing downthehole along with support piece 1 removes.
As can be seen from the above description, the movement direction of the support member 1 is not deviated when the support member is close to and away from the quenching furnace 3 by the position limiting device 4, and the stability of the movement of the support member 1 is also ensured.
Further, the device also comprises a first motor 5 and a transmission device 6, wherein the first motor 5 drives the support member 1 to move towards or away from the opening through the transmission device 6.
As can be seen from the above description, the first motor 5 drives the supporting member 1 to move, so that the stability of the mechanism is improved, and the moving speed of the supporting member 1 can be conveniently controlled by the first motor 5.
Further, the transmission device 6 includes a slide rail 61 and a slide block 62, the support member 1 is disposed on the slide block 62, the slide block 62 is movably disposed on the slide rail 61, the slide rail 61 and a side surface of the furnace body 31 having an opening are disposed in parallel, and the first motor 5 drives the slide block 62 to reciprocate on the slide rail 61.
As can be seen from the above description, the sliding block 62 slides on the sliding rail 61 and drives the supporting member 1 to move, and the whole movement structure is simple and reliable.
Further, a second motor is included, which controls the opening and closing of the oven door 32.
As can be seen from the above description, the second motor can be buried in the furnace body, and the space required by the equipment is saved.
The motor is characterized by further comprising a control unit, wherein the control unit controls the first motor 5 and the second motor to be started and closed respectively.
As can be seen from the above description, the first motor 5 and the second motor can be controlled simultaneously by the control unit, and when the second motor drives the oven door 32 to open, the control unit controls the first motor 5 to drive the support member 1 to move. After the plate is taken out, the control unit controls the first motor 5 to drive the support piece 1 to be far away from the opening of the furnace body 31, and after the position of the furnace door 32 is opened for closing, the control unit controls the second motor to drive the furnace door 32 to close, so that the whole quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure can move more accurately and effectively, and labor is saved.
Furthermore, the supporting piece 1 is U-shaped, and the U-shaped opening of the supporting piece 1 is provided with the material conveying piece 2.
As can be seen from the above description, the U-shaped supporting member 1 saves production materials, and the structure of the supporting member 1 is more stable by providing the material conveying member 2 at the opening of the U-shaped supporting member 1.
Further, the material conveying part 2 is a roller, the roller is arranged in parallel with one surface of the furnace body 31 on which an opening is formed, and a refractory material is arranged on the surface of the roller.
As can be seen from the above description, when the plate is taken out by the roller arranged parallel to the side of the furnace body 31 on which the opening is formed, the plate is taken out more easily by the rolling of the roller.
Further, the opening is rectangular, the oven door 32 is rotatably connected to one side of the rectangular opening, the first limiting member 41 is a first protruding portion, the first protruding portion is disposed at the other side of the rectangular opening, the second limiting member 42 is a cylindrical structure, and two ends of the second limiting member 42 are respectively connected to the supporting member 1.
As can be seen from the above description, the first protrusion provided at the other side of the opening does not interfere with the door 32 during the rotation of the door 32, leaving a larger space for the opening and closing of the door 32 and for the operator.
Further, the control unit is a PLC.
As can be seen from the above description, the PLC is convenient to maintain and has good reliability.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a first embodiment of the present invention is:
the utility model provides a quenching device of ejection of compact structure is assisted in area, includes quenching furnace 3, quenching furnace 3 includes furnace body 31, furnace chamber 33 and furnace gate 32, be equipped with the opening on one side of furnace body 31, the furnace gate 32 is located the opening part, the opening intercommunication furnace chamber 33 still includes support piece 1 and defeated material piece 2, support piece 1 is close to quenching furnace 3 is equipped with one side of furnace gate 32, defeated material piece 2 is located support piece 1 is last, defeated material piece 2 with the opening corresponds the setting, defeated material piece 2 is located along quenching furnace 3's direction of height the top of the bottom surface of furnace chamber 33, support piece 1 is close to or keeps away from the portable setting of open-ended direction.
Still include stop device 4, stop device 4 includes first locating part 41 and second locating part 42, first locating part 41 is located on the furnace body 31 is equipped with open-ended side, second locating part 42 is located support piece 1 is last, first locating part 41 is gone up to follow be equipped with spacing hole on support piece 1's the moving direction, second locating part 42 passes spacing hole and in spacing downthehole along with support piece 1 removes.
The device also comprises a first motor 5 and a transmission device 6, wherein the first motor 5 drives the support member 1 to move towards the direction close to or away from the opening through the transmission device 6.
The transmission device 6 comprises a slide rail 61 and a slide block 62, the supporting piece 1 is arranged on the slide block 62, the slide block 62 is movably arranged on the slide rail 61, the slide rail 61 and one side surface of the furnace body 31 with an opening are arranged in parallel, and the first motor 5 drives the slide block 62 to reciprocate on the slide rail 61.
A second motor is also included which controls the opening and closing of the oven door 32.
The motor is characterized by further comprising a control unit, wherein the control unit controls the first motor 5 and the second motor to be started and closed respectively.
The supporting piece 1 is U-shaped, and the U-shaped opening of the supporting piece 1 is provided with the conveying piece 2.
The material conveying part 2 is a roller, the roller is arranged in parallel with one side face of the furnace body 31 with an opening, and the surface of the roller is provided with a refractory material.
The opening is a rectangle, the oven door 32 is rotatably connected to one side of the rectangle, the first limiting part 41 is a first protruding part, the first protruding part is disposed at the other side of the opening, the second limiting part 42 is a columnar structure, and two ends of the second limiting part 42 are respectively connected to the supporting member 1.
The control unit is a PLC.
After the plate is heated in the furnace chamber 33, when the material needs to be taken, the control unit PLC first controls the second motor to drive the furnace door 32 to open, and at the same time, the control unit controls the first motor 5 to drive the supporting member to move towards the direction close to the opening, and after the furnace door 32 is completely opened, the supporting member 1 also moves to the front of the opening of the furnace body 31. One end of the heated plate in the furnace chamber 33 is placed on the roller, and the plate is conveniently taken out by rolling of the roller. After the plate is completely taken out, the control unit PLC controls the first motor 5 to drive the supporting piece to be far away from the opening of the furnace body, and after the position of the furnace door 32 is emptied for closing, the control unit PLC controls the second motor to drive the furnace door 32 to close.
In conclusion, the invention provides the quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure, which can protect the bottom surface of the furnace chamber and the outer wall of the furnace body when materials are taken. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure can realize accurate movement of the supporting piece under the control of the control unit. When materials are to be taken, the control unit controls the opening of the furnace door and the movement of the supporting piece, the movement of the supporting piece is not easy to deviate through the limit of the limiting device, and after the supporting piece moves to a proper position, one end of a plate is placed on the material conveying piece and then taken out, so that the plate can be effectively prevented from scraping the bottom surface of the furnace chamber or the outer wall of the furnace body. Meanwhile, the material conveying part is a rolling shaft, and the labor is saved by taking out the plate by rolling the rolling shaft.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all equivalent changes made by using the contents of the present specification and the drawings, or applied directly or indirectly to the related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure comprises a quenching furnace, wherein the quenching furnace comprises a furnace body, a furnace chamber and a furnace door, an opening is formed in one side face of the furnace body, the furnace door is arranged at the opening, and the opening is communicated with the furnace chamber;
the limiting device comprises a first limiting part and a second limiting part, the first limiting part is arranged on one side surface of the furnace body provided with an opening, the second limiting part is arranged on the supporting part, a limiting hole is arranged on the first limiting part along the moving direction of the supporting part, and the second limiting part penetrates through the limiting hole and moves along with the supporting part in the limiting hole;
the opening is rectangular, the oven door is rotatably connected with one side edge of the rectangular opening, the first limiting part is a first boss, the first boss is arranged at the other side edge of the opening, the second limiting part is a columnar structure, and two ends of the second limiting part are respectively connected with the supporting part;
the quenching device further comprises a first motor and a transmission device, wherein the first motor drives the supporting piece to move towards the direction close to or far away from the opening through the transmission device.
2. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the transmission device comprises a slide rail and a slide block, the supporting member is arranged on the slide block, the slide block is movably arranged on the slide rail, the slide rail is arranged parallel to a side surface of the furnace body provided with the opening, and the first motor drives the slide block to reciprocate on the slide rail.
3. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure as claimed in claim 1 or 2, further comprising a second motor controlling the opening and closing of the furnace door.
4. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure as claimed in claim 3, further comprising a control unit for controlling the first motor and the second motor to be turned on and off respectively.
5. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the supporting member is U-shaped, and the opening of the U-shaped supporting member is provided with the material conveying member.
6. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure as claimed in claim 1 or 5, wherein the material conveying member is a roller, the roller is arranged parallel to one side of the furnace body provided with the opening, and the surface of the roller is provided with a refractory material.
7. The quenching device with the auxiliary discharging structure as claimed in claim 4, wherein the control unit is PLC.
CN201710675193.4A 2017-08-09 2017-08-09 Quenching device with auxiliary discharging structure Active CN107236850B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710675193.4A CN107236850B (en) 2017-08-09 2017-08-09 Quenching device with auxiliary discharging structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710675193.4A CN107236850B (en) 2017-08-09 2017-08-09 Quenching device with auxiliary discharging structure

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CN107236850A CN107236850A (en) 2017-10-10
CN107236850B true CN107236850B (en) 2021-03-19

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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58153736A (en) * 1982-03-10 1983-09-12 Kawasaki Steel Corp High-speed multi-spot controller in pulse annealing oven
US4441698A (en) * 1981-03-21 1984-04-10 Ferdinand Limque Furnace for the heat treatment of drills
CN202139277U (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-02-08 四川德胜集团钢铁有限公司 Steel inlet-outlet guiding device of heating furnace
CN203284434U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-13 山东亚盛重工股份有限公司 Heating furnace
CN104174806A (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-12-03 苏州绿洲机械设备有限公司 Heating equipment for continuous forging
CN105420476A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-23 苏州富瑞合金科技股份有限公司 High-temperature copper ingot discharging device
CN105861794A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-08-17 湖北长平汽车装备有限公司 Transition auxiliary roller table
CN205501364U (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-08-24 马鞍山市伟群实业有限公司 Box tempering furnace and tempering furnace conveying system
CN205897863U (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-18 扬州金盛炉业有限公司 Compensation device of input or output material
CN206089731U (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-04-12 南京宝钻热处理有限公司 Pass in and out tempering furnace device fast
CN207016821U (en) * 2017-08-09 2018-02-16 莆田市城厢区星华电子模具有限公司 A kind of quenching unit of band auxiliary discharging structure

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001317875A (en) * 2000-05-10 2001-11-16 Nippon Steel Corp Continuous heating device for steel stock and heating method
KR20080101027A (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-11-21 주식회사 포스코 Apparatus for removing scale in slab discharging area of reheating furnace
CN103225012B (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-10-22 湖南新新线缆有限公司 Numerical control type micro-pressure gas cold-heat circulating annealing furnace

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4441698A (en) * 1981-03-21 1984-04-10 Ferdinand Limque Furnace for the heat treatment of drills
JPS58153736A (en) * 1982-03-10 1983-09-12 Kawasaki Steel Corp High-speed multi-spot controller in pulse annealing oven
CN202139277U (en) * 2011-05-18 2012-02-08 四川德胜集团钢铁有限公司 Steel inlet-outlet guiding device of heating furnace
CN203284434U (en) * 2013-05-10 2013-11-13 山东亚盛重工股份有限公司 Heating furnace
CN104174806A (en) * 2013-05-21 2014-12-03 苏州绿洲机械设备有限公司 Heating equipment for continuous forging
CN105420476A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-03-23 苏州富瑞合金科技股份有限公司 High-temperature copper ingot discharging device
CN205501364U (en) * 2016-02-25 2016-08-24 马鞍山市伟群实业有限公司 Box tempering furnace and tempering furnace conveying system
CN105861794A (en) * 2016-06-25 2016-08-17 湖北长平汽车装备有限公司 Transition auxiliary roller table
CN205897863U (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-18 扬州金盛炉业有限公司 Compensation device of input or output material
CN206089731U (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-04-12 南京宝钻热处理有限公司 Pass in and out tempering furnace device fast
CN207016821U (en) * 2017-08-09 2018-02-16 莆田市城厢区星华电子模具有限公司 A kind of quenching unit of band auxiliary discharging structure

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