CN107226148B - A kind of trailer assembly system - Google Patents

A kind of trailer assembly system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107226148B
CN107226148B CN201710467451.XA CN201710467451A CN107226148B CN 107226148 B CN107226148 B CN 107226148B CN 201710467451 A CN201710467451 A CN 201710467451A CN 107226148 B CN107226148 B CN 107226148B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support member
wheel
guide rail
vehicle
vehicle bridge
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Application number
CN201710467451.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107226148A (en
Inventor
解庆佳
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Jiangsu Fuhua Transportation Equipment Co., Ltd.
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Jiangsu Fuhua Transportation Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710467451.XA priority Critical patent/CN107226148B/en
Publication of CN107226148A publication Critical patent/CN107226148A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D65/00Designing, manufacturing, e.g. assembling, facilitating disassembly, or structurally modifying motor vehicles or trailers, not otherwise provided for
    • B62D65/02Joining sub-units or components to, or positioning sub-units or components with respect to, body shell or other sub-units or components
    • B62D65/18Transportation, conveyor or haulage systems specially adapted for motor vehicle or trailer assembly lines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/04Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack
    • B66C13/06Auxiliary devices for controlling movements of suspended loads, or preventing cable slack for minimising or preventing longitudinal or transverse swinging of loads

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of trailer assembly systems, including horizontal linear guide rail part (1), vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut component (3), vehicle bridge support member (4), wheel supporting component (5) and electric control gear;Horizontal linear guide rail part includes at least vehicle frame installation guide rail (11), vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) and wheel installation guide rail (13) being symmetrical set;Vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting component bottom include back-up roller wheel and positioning mechanism for rolling wheel that front-rear direction rolls setting, the telescoping mechanism up and down for being equipped with up and down direction setting on vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting component and the workpiece support face on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end.This trailer assembly system can be realized the whole quickly positioning assembly of trailer, and assembly efficiency is high, and the security risk of installation can be swung to avoid lifting.

Description

A kind of trailer assembly system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of assembly line system, specifically a kind of trailer assembly system for being suitable for assembling trailer belongs to Trailer mounting technology field.
Background technique
Trailer refers to by vehicle traction and the vehicle of unpowered driving device itself, usually can be a tractor (goods Vehicle or tractor, fork truck etc.) truck combination with one or one or more trailer composition, truck combination belongs to automobile scope, adopts It is most effective and simple important means of increasing economic efficiency with truck combination transport, has rapid, motor-driven, flexible, safe etc. Advantage, it is convenient to realize that section transports.
Trailer is divided into full trailor and semitrailer by the connection type of trailer and towing motorcar, full trailor drawn by tractor and The trailer that its all-mass is born by itself;The trailer that semitrailer is drawn by tractor and its part mass is born by tractor.
Trailer generally includes vehicle frame, fills part, suspended portion, running gear, electric part, telescopic outrigger part on vehicle frame And accessories section, trailer usually has longer vehicle frame on front-rear direction, therefore traditional whole assembly way is usually that will go Walk part, suspended portion assembled after installing by traveling crane truck-loading rack, lift in the vehicle frame installation process of vacant state It is more difficult to be not only easy to happen swing, location and installation, the mode for virtually extending assembly period, and lifting installation exist compared with Big security risk.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of trailer assembly system, the whole quickly positioning dress of trailer can be realized Match, assembly efficiency is high, and the security risk of installation can be swung to avoid lifting.
To achieve the above object, this trailer assembly system includes horizontal linear guide rail part, vehicle frame support member, suspension branch Support part part, vehicle bridge support member, wheel supporting component and electric control gear;
The horizontal linear guide rail part is symmetrical closed slide structure, including at least what is be symmetrical set Vehicle frame installs guide rail, vehicle bridge installation guide rail and wheel and installs guide rail, and upper frame installation guide rail is located at vehicle bridge peace in left and right directions It fills inside the span of guide rail, wheel installation guide rail is located at outside the span of vehicle bridge installation guide rail;
Vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and the wheel supporting component bilateral symmetry Setting, vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting component bottom include front-rear direction Roll the back-up roller wheel and positioning mechanism for rolling wheel of setting, vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel The telescoping mechanism up and down that up and down direction setting is equipped in support member and the workpiece branch on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end Support face;
The baseplane that the vehicle frame support member corresponds to the I-steel crossbeam of vehicle frame is arranged and is cooperated by back-up roller wheel It is erected on vehicle frame installation guide rail, and vehicle frame support member sets at least to two groups in the longitudinal direction, vehicle frame support member At least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end are equipped with vehicle frame guide-localization block, vehicle frame guide-localization block top on workpiece support face Portion has the guiding surface of up and down direction setting;
The suspension installation site that the suspension strut component corresponds to bottom of frame, which is arranged and passes through back-up roller wheel, cooperates frame It is located on vehicle bridge installation guide rail, at least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end is set on the workpiece support face of suspension strut component There is suspension guiding locating piece, there is the guiding surface of up and down direction setting at the top of suspension guiding locating piece;
The vehicle bridge installation site that the vehicle bridge support member corresponds to bottom of frame, which is arranged and passes through back-up roller wheel, cooperates frame It is located on vehicle bridge installation guide rail, at least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end is set on the workpiece support face of vehicle bridge support member There is vehicle bridge guide-localization block, there is the guiding surface of up and down direction setting at the top of vehicle bridge guide-localization block;
The wheel supporting component is erected at wheel by back-up roller wheel cooperation and installs on guide rail, is used to support wheel, The workpiece support face of wheel supporting component is in the arcuate structure being bent upwards, and the workpiece support face of wheel supporting component also passes through a left side The wheel guiding sliding telescoping mechanism of right direction setting is connect with the telescopic end of telescoping mechanism up and down of wheel supporting component, wheel branch At least left and right directions one end is equipped with wheel guide-localization block on the workpiece support face of support part part, has at the top of wheel guide-localization block The guiding surface of up and down direction setting;
The electric control gear includes industrial control computer, vehicle frame support member elevating control circuit, suspension strut portion Part elevating control circuit, vehicle bridge support member elevating control circuit, wheel supporting component elevating control circuit, wheelslip control Circuit, industrial control computer respectively with vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting component On the electrical connection of telescoping mechanism up and down, industrial control computer and wheel guiding slides telescoping mechanism and is electrically connected.
As a further improvement of the present invention, this trailer assembly system further includes relative to vehicle frame installation guide rail or so Symmetrically arranged hitch frame support member, the front that vehicle frame support member is arranged in hitch frame support member correspond to the peace of hitch frame Holding position, which is arranged and is erected at vehicle bridge by back-up roller wheel cooperation, to be installed on guide rail, and hitch frame support member is equipped with upper and lower Telescoping mechanism up and down to setting and the workpiece support face on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end, hitch frame support member it is upper Lower telescoping mechanism is electrically connected with the industrial control computer, and on the workpiece support face of hitch frame support member at least right and left It is equipped with hitch frame guide-localization block to one end and front-rear direction one end, there is up and down direction setting at the top of hitch frame guide-localization block Guiding surface.
As a further improvement of the present invention, this trailer assembly system further includes relative to vehicle frame installation guide rail or so Symmetrically arranged supporting leg support member, supporting leg support member correspond to the supporting leg mounting plane on vehicle frame baseplane and are arranged and pass through Back-up roller wheel cooperation is erected on vehicle bridge installation guide rail, and supporting leg support member is equipped with the telescoping mechanism up and down of up and down direction setting With the workpiece support face being located on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end, the telescoping mechanism up and down of supporting leg support member and the industry Control calculates mechatronics, and at least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end is equipped on the workpiece support face of supporting leg support member Supporting leg guide-localization block, supporting leg guide-localization block top have the guiding surface of up and down direction setting.
As a further improvement of the present invention, the vehicle frame installation guide rail being symmetrical set, vehicle bridge installation Guide rail and wheel installation guide rail be equipped with can the flexible span adjusting mechanism of synchronous bidirectional, the industrial control computer difference It is electrically connected with the span adjusting mechanism of vehicle frame installation guide rail, vehicle bridge installation guide rail and wheel installation guide rail.
As a further improvement of the present invention, the vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support portion The back-up roller wheel of the bottom of part and wheel supporting component further includes idler wheel driving, idler wheel driving and the positioning mechanism for rolling wheel point It is not electrically connected with the industrial control computer, vehicle frame installation guide rail is equipped with inside industrial control computer, vehicle bridge installation is led The coordinate information of rail and wheel installation guide rail controls program.
As a kind of embodiment of idler wheel of the present invention driving, vehicle frame installation guide rail, vehicle bridge installation guide rail and the vehicle Wheel installation guide rail is rack structure, the vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting portion The back-up roller wheel of part is gear structure, and the idler wheel driving is synchronous servo motor.
As a further improvement of the present invention, it is set in the top plane in the workpiece support face of the wheel supporting component There is the arc slide surface being arranged concentrically with its arc, before passing through between arc slide surface and the workpiece support face of wheel supporting component Rear direction rolls the needle bearing connection of setting.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, this trailer assembly system further include by fluid pressure line connect hydraulic power unit and Hydraulic control valve group, the vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member, wheel supporting component up and down The wheel of telescoping mechanism and wheel supporting component guiding sliding telescoping mechanism is hydraulic cylinder structure, and hydraulic cylinder structure passes through liquid respectively Pressure pipe road is connect with hydraulic control valve group, and hydraulic control valve group is electrically connected with the industrial control computer.
As a further improvement of the present invention, the horizontal linear guide rail part submerges level ground or less and pacifies Dress and its height dimension are not more than it and submerge level ground fitting depth size below.
Compared with prior art, this trailer assembly system is symmetrical set since horizontal linear guide rail part includes at least Vehicle frame installation guide rail, vehicle bridge installation guide rail and wheel install guide rail, and in left and right directions upper frame installation guide rail be located at vehicle bridge It installs inside the span of guide rail, wheel installation guide rail is located at outside the span of vehicle bridge installation guide rail, vehicle frame support member, suspension branch The bottom of support part part, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting component includes the back-up roller wheel and idler wheel that front-rear direction rolls setting Positioning mechanism, therefore vehicle frame support member, suspension strut component, vehicle bridge support member and wheel supporting component can pass through support Idler wheel moves up in horizontal linear guide rail part front and back or is determined on horizontal linear guide rail part by positioning mechanism for rolling wheel Position, and each component will not generate interference in assembly installation process, be convenient for quick assembling;Due to using industrial control computer into Row control, therefore may be implemented to accurately control assembly mounting distance;Due to be all made of on each component guide-localization block to workpiece into Row positioning carrying, therefore the fast hoisting being accurately positioned may be implemented;This trailer assembly system can be realized the whole fast of trailer Speed positioning assembly, and then improve whole assembly efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
In figure: 1, horizontal linear guide rail part, 11, vehicle frame install guide rail, 12, vehicle bridge install guide rail, 13, wheel installation lead Rail, 2, vehicle frame support member, 3, suspension strut component, 4, vehicle bridge support member, 5, wheel supporting component.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing (describing below by front of the lead of tractor).
As shown in Figure 1, this trailer assembly system includes horizontal linear guide rail part 1, vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut Component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4, wheel supporting component 5 and electric control gear.
The horizontal linear guide rail part 1 is symmetrical closed slide structure, as shown in Fig. 2, including at least a left side Right symmetrically arranged vehicle frame installation guide rail 11, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and wheel install guide rail 13, and upper frame in left and right directions Installation guide rail 11 is located inside the span of vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12, wheel installation guide rail 13 is located at the span that vehicle bridge installs guide rail 12 It is external.
Vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and the wheel supporting component 5 left and right Be symmetrical arranged, vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 bottom include Front-rear direction rolls the back-up roller wheel and positioning mechanism for rolling wheel of setting, vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support Component 4 and wheel supporting component 5 can move up or pass through rolling in 1 front and back of horizontal linear guide rail part by back-up roller wheel Wheel positioning mechanism positions on horizontal linear guide rail part 1, vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 With the telescoping mechanism up and down for being equipped with up and down direction setting on wheel supporting component 5 and on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end Workpiece support face.
The baseplane of the I-steel crossbeam of the corresponding vehicle frame of the vehicle frame support member 2 is arranged and is matched by back-up roller wheel Conjunction is erected on vehicle frame installation guide rail 11, the two pieces I-steel crossbeam being used to support in the middle part of vehicle frame left and right directions, and vehicle frame Support member 2 sets at least to two groups in the longitudinal direction, at least left and right directions one on the workpiece support face of vehicle frame support member 2 End and front-rear direction one end are equipped with vehicle frame guide-localization block, have the guiding of up and down direction setting oblique at the top of vehicle frame guide-localization block Face.
The suspension installation site of the corresponding bottom of frame of the suspension strut component 3 is arranged and is cooperated by back-up roller wheel It is erected on vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12, is used to support the suspended portion of vehicle frame, on the workpiece support face of suspension strut component 3 at least Left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end are equipped with suspension guiding locating piece, set at the top of suspension guiding locating piece with up and down direction The guiding surface set.
The vehicle bridge installation site of the corresponding bottom of frame of the vehicle bridge support member 4 is arranged and is cooperated by back-up roller wheel It is erected on vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12, is used to support vehicle bridge part, on the workpiece support face of vehicle bridge support member 4 at least right and left It is equipped with vehicle bridge guide-localization block to one end and front-rear direction one end, there is leading for up and down direction setting at the top of vehicle bridge guide-localization block To inclined-plane.
The wheel supporting component 5 is erected at wheel by back-up roller wheel cooperation and installs on guide rail 13, is used to support vehicle The workpiece support face of wheel, wheel supporting component 5 is in the arcuate structure being bent upwards, and arcuate structure can consolidate support wheel, wheel The wheel guiding sliding telescoping mechanism and wheel supporting component 5 that the workpiece support face of support member 5 is also arranged by left and right directions The connection of the telescopic end of telescoping mechanism up and down, the workpiece support face of wheel supporting component 5 can pass through wheel guiding sliding telescopic machine Structure is movable so as to the installation of wheel and axle hub in the lateral direction, on the workpiece support face of wheel supporting component 5 At least left and right directions one end is equipped with wheel guide-localization block, has the guiding of up and down direction setting oblique at the top of wheel guide-localization block Face.
The electric control gear includes industrial control computer, vehicle frame support member elevating control circuit, suspension strut portion Part elevating control circuit, vehicle bridge support member elevating control circuit, wheel supporting component elevating control circuit, wheelslip control Circuit, industrial control computer respectively with vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting The electrical connection of telescoping mechanism up and down on component 5, industrial control computer are oriented to sliding telescoping mechanism with wheel and are electrically connected.
For this trailer assembly system when trailer is installed in assembly, operator is respectively by vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut portion Part 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 are elapsed and are positioned to the installation site of setting,
The suspended portion component, vehicle bridge members and vehicle wheel component of mounted vehicle frame are lifted on respectively first outstanding On the workpiece support face for hanging support member 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5, pass through suspension guiding in hoisting process The suspended portion component of vehicle frame, vehicle bridge under the guiding and positioning function of locating piece, vehicle bridge guide-localization block and wheel guide-localization block Members and the i.e. difference strong fix of vehicle wheel component are in suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 Workpiece support face on;
Then chassis assembly is lifted on the workpiece support face of vehicle frame support member 2, is led in hoisting process by vehicle frame Chassis assembly, that is, strong fix is on the workpiece support face of vehicle frame support member 2 under to the guiding and positioning function of locating piece;
Operator controls industrial control computer first makes suspension strut component elevating control loop works, suspension strut The telescoping mechanism up and down of component 3 synchronize rise to set distance make suspended portion component top mounting surface and chassis assembly bottom pacify Dress face fits into installation site, and the bottom of suspended portion component and chassis assembly is fixedly mounted and connects by operator;
Control industrial control computer makes vehicle after operator resets suspension strut component 3 and elapsed out installation site Bridge support member elevating control loop works, the telescoping mechanism up and down of vehicle bridge support member 4, which synchronizes, to be risen to set distance and makes vehicle The pontic top mounting surface of bridge portion component and the bottom mounting surface of chassis assembly fit into installation site, and operator is by vehicle bridge portion Subassembly and suspended portion component, which are fixedly mounted, to be connected;
Operator, which controls industrial control computer, makes wheel supporting component elevating control loop works, wheel supporting component 5 telescoping mechanism up and down synchronize rise to set distance make the axle center of vehicle wheel component and the axle center of the wheel hub of vehicle bridge members position In in same mounting plane, operator, which continues control industrial control computer, makes wheelslip control loop work, and wheel is led To sliding telescoping mechanism be drive wheel hub from vehicle wheel component to vehicle bridge members it is close enter installation site to set distance, behaviour Make personnel and connection is fixedly mounted in the wheel hub of vehicle wheel component and vehicle bridge members;
Last operation personnel install electric part on vehicle body component;
Operator's control industrial control computer makes first after all tractor is moved to setting position after the installation is completed Wheel supporting component 5 is reset to original state, then controls vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 Telescoping mechanism up and down synchronize and drop to original state, i.e. the whole landing of completion trailer can be drawn after connecting tractor Vehicle traction is offline.
For full trailor for the ease of installing hitch frame, as a further improvement of the present invention, this trailer assembly system System further includes the hitch frame support member being symmetrical set relative to vehicle frame installation guide rail 11, and the setting of hitch frame support member exists The installation site that the front of vehicle frame support member 2 corresponds to hitch frame is arranged and is erected at vehicle bridge installation by back-up roller wheel cooperation On guide rail 12, hitch frame support member, which is equipped with the telescoping mechanism up and down of up and down direction setting and is located at upper and lower telescoping mechanism, stretches The telescoping mechanism up and down in the workpiece support face on end, hitch frame support member is electrically connected with the industrial control computer, is led Draw on the workpiece support face of frame support member at least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end and be equipped with hitch frame guide-localization block, There is the guiding surface of up and down direction setting at the top of hitch frame guide-localization block.
For semitrailer for the ease of installing telescopic outrigger, as a further improvement of the present invention, the assembly of this trailer System further includes the supporting leg support member being symmetrical set relative to vehicle frame installation guide rail 11, and supporting leg support member corresponds to vehicle frame Supporting leg mounting plane on baseplane, which is arranged and is erected at vehicle bridge by back-up roller wheel cooperation, to be installed on guide rail 12, supporting leg support The telescoping mechanism up and down and the workpiece support face on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end that component is equipped with up and down direction setting, branch The telescoping mechanism up and down of leg support member is electrically connected with the industrial control computer, the workpiece support face of supporting leg support member On at least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end be equipped with supporting leg guide-localization block, have up and down at the top of supporting leg guide-localization block The guiding surface of direction setting.
It is as a further improvement of the present invention, described in order to realize the installation versatility of different width dimensions trailer The vehicle frame installation guide rail 11 being symmetrical set, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and wheel installation guide rail 13 be equipped with can synchronous bidirectional Flexible span adjusting mechanism, the industrial control computer respectively with vehicle frame installation guide rail 11, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and Wheel installs the span adjusting mechanism electrical connection of guide rail 13, may be implemented to adjust vehicle frame peace respectively by controlling span adjusting mechanism The span of guide rail 11, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and wheel installation guide rail 13 is filled, and then realizes the installation of different width dimensions trailer Versatility.
In order to further realize automation and accurate control, as a further improvement of the present invention, the vehicle frame Support member 2, the back-up roller wheel of bottom of suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 further include rolling Wheel drive, idler wheel driving and the positioning mechanism for rolling wheel are electrically connected with the industrial control computer respectively, Industry Control The coordinate information that computer-internal is equipped with vehicle frame installation guide rail 11, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and wheel installation guide rail 13 controls journey Sequence, by input vehicle model information can make industrial control computer by coordinate information control process control vehicle frame support member 2, Suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and 5 coordinate setting of wheel supporting component are mobile.
In order to further ensure accurately moving and positioning, as a further improvement of the present invention, the vehicle frame peace Filling guide rail 11, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and wheel installation guide rail 13 is rack structure, the vehicle frame support member 2, suspension branch The back-up roller wheel of support part part 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 is gear structure, and the idler wheel driving is synchronous Servo motor.
Wheel hub installation bolt and rim bolt mounting hole occurs in vehicle wheel component and axle hub installation process in order to prevent It is not easy to install that dislocation occurs, as a further improvement of the present invention, the workpiece support face of the wheel supporting component 5 Top plane is equipped with the arc slide surface being arranged concentrically with its arc, the workpiece support of arc slide surface and wheel supporting component 5 It is connected between face by the needle bearing of front-rear direction rolling setting, arc slide surface can arcuately workpiece support be slided after in front It moves;It, can be along preceding if wheel hub installation bolt occurs in vehicle wheel component and axle hub installation process and rim bolt mounting hole misplaces Rear direction, which rolls vehicle wheel component and is finely adjusted, makes wheel hub installation bolt and rim bolt mounting hole to just.
The vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4, the upper and lower of wheel supporting component 5 stretch The wheel of contracting mechanism and wheel supporting component 5 guiding sliding telescoping mechanism can use hydraulic cylinder, or very heavy using such as spiral The mechanical-stretching mechanism of roof construction, due to the former output torque is larger and stablize, preferably the former, that is, as of the invention Preferred embodiment, this trailer assembly system further include by fluid pressure line connect hydraulic power unit and hydraulic control valve group, it is described Vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4, the telescoping mechanism up and down of wheel supporting component 5 and wheel branch The wheel guiding sliding telescoping mechanism of support part part 5 is hydraulic cylinder structure, and hydraulic cylinder structure passes through fluid pressure line and hydraulic control respectively Valve group connection processed, hydraulic control valve group are electrically connected with the industrial control computer.
It is stumbled in operator's assembling process by horizontal linear guide rail part 1 in order to prevent, as of the invention further Improvement project, the horizontal linear guide rail part 1 submerges level ground or less installation and its height dimension is submerged no more than it Level ground fitting depth size below.
The vehicle frame that this trailer assembly system is symmetrical set since horizontal linear guide rail part 1 includes at least installs guide rail 11, vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 and wheel install guide rail 13, and in left and right directions upper frame installation guide rail 11 be located at vehicle bridge install lead Inside the span of rail 12, wheel installation guide rail 13 be located at vehicle bridge installation guide rail 12 span outside, vehicle frame support member 2, hang The bottom of support member 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 includes the back-up roller wheel that front-rear direction rolls setting And positioning mechanism for rolling wheel, therefore vehicle frame support member 2, suspension strut component 3, vehicle bridge support member 4 and wheel supporting component 5 are equal It can be moved up by back-up roller wheel in 1 front and back of horizontal linear guide rail part or be led by positioning mechanism for rolling wheel in horizontal linear It is positioned on rail component 1, and each component will not generate interference in assembly installation process, be convenient for quick assembling;Due to using industry Control computer is controlled, therefore may be implemented to accurately control assembly mounting distance;It is fixed due to being all made of guiding on each component Position block carries out positioning carrying to workpiece, therefore the fast hoisting being accurately positioned may be implemented;This trailer assembly system can be realized The whole quickly positioning assembly of trailer, and then improve whole assembly efficiency.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of trailer assembly system, which is characterized in that including horizontal linear guide rail part (1), vehicle frame support member (2), hang Hang support member (3), vehicle bridge support member (4), wheel supporting component (5) and electric control gear;
The horizontal linear guide rail part (1) is symmetrical closed slide structure, including at least what is be symmetrical set Vehicle frame installs guide rail (11), vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) and wheel installation guide rail (13), and upper frame installation is led in left and right directions Rail (11) is located inside the span of vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12), wheel installation guide rail (13) is located at the shelves that vehicle bridge installs guide rail (12) Away from outside;
Vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut component (3), vehicle bridge support member (4) and the wheel supporting component (5) is equal It is symmetrical set, vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut component (3), vehicle bridge support member (4) and wheel supporting component (5) Bottom include front-rear direction roll setting back-up roller wheel and positioning mechanism for rolling wheel, vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut Be equipped on component (3), vehicle bridge support member (4) and wheel supporting component (5) up and down direction setting telescoping mechanism up and down and Workpiece support face on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end;
The baseplane of the I-steel crossbeam of the corresponding vehicle frame of the vehicle frame support member (2) is arranged and is cooperated by back-up roller wheel It is erected in vehicle frame installation guide rail (11), and vehicle frame support member (2) sets at least to two groups in the longitudinal direction, vehicle frame support At least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end are equipped with vehicle frame guide-localization block on the workpiece support face of component (2), and vehicle frame is led The guiding surface that at the top of to locating piece there is up and down direction to be arranged;
The suspension installation site of the corresponding bottom of frame of the suspension strut component (3), which is arranged and passes through back-up roller wheel, cooperates frame It is located in vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12), at least left and right directions one end and front and back on the workpiece support face of suspension strut component (3) It is equipped with suspension guiding locating piece to one end, there is the guiding surface of up and down direction setting at the top of suspension guiding locating piece;
The vehicle bridge installation site of the corresponding bottom of frame of the vehicle bridge support member (4), which is arranged and passes through back-up roller wheel, cooperates frame It is located in vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12), at least left and right directions one end and front and back on the workpiece support face of vehicle bridge support member (4) It is equipped with vehicle bridge guide-localization block to one end, there is the guiding surface of up and down direction setting at the top of vehicle bridge guide-localization block;
The wheel supporting component (5) is erected in wheel installation guide rail (13) by back-up roller wheel cooperation, wheel supporting portion The workpiece support face of part (5) is in the arcuate structure being bent upwards, and the workpiece support face of wheel supporting component (5) also passes through right and left It is oriented to sliding telescoping mechanism to the wheel of setting to connect with the telescopic end of telescoping mechanism up and down of wheel supporting component (5), wheel branch At least left and right directions one end is equipped with wheel guide-localization block, wheel guide-localization block top on the workpiece support face of support part part (5) Guiding surface with up and down direction setting;
The electric control gear includes industrial control computer, vehicle frame support member elevating control circuit, suspension strut component liter Drop control loop, vehicle bridge support member elevating control circuit, wheel supporting component elevating control circuit, wheelslip control back Road, industrial control computer respectively with vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut component (3), vehicle bridge support member (4) and wheel The electrical connection of telescoping mechanism up and down in support member (5), industrial control computer are oriented to sliding telescoping mechanism with wheel and are electrically connected.
2. trailer assembly system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that this trailer assembly system further includes relative to vehicle The hitch frame support member that frame installation guide rail (11) is symmetrical set, hitch frame support member are arranged in vehicle frame support member (2) installation site that front corresponds to hitch frame is arranged and is erected in vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) by back-up roller wheel cooperation, The telescoping mechanism up and down and the work on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end that hitch frame support member is equipped with up and down direction setting The telescoping mechanism up and down of part supporting surface, hitch frame support member is electrically connected with the industrial control computer, hitch frame support At least left and right directions one end and front-rear direction one end are equipped with hitch frame guide-localization block on the workpiece support face of component, and hitch frame is led The guiding surface that at the top of to locating piece there is up and down direction to be arranged.
3. trailer assembly system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that this trailer assembly system further includes relative to vehicle The supporting leg support member that frame installation guide rail (11) is symmetrical set, supporting leg support member correspond to the peace of the supporting leg on vehicle frame baseplane Dress plane is arranged and is erected in vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) by back-up roller wheel cooperation, and supporting leg support member is equipped with up and down Direction setting telescoping mechanism up and down and the workpiece support face on upper and lower telescoping mechanism telescopic end, supporting leg support member it is upper Lower telescoping mechanism is electrically connected with the industrial control computer, at least left and right directions on the workpiece support face of supporting leg support member One end and front-rear direction one end are equipped with supporting leg guide-localization block, have the guiding of up and down direction setting at the top of supporting leg guide-localization block Inclined-plane.
4. trailer assembly system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the vehicle being symmetrical set Frame installation guide rail (11), vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) and wheel installation guide rail (13) are equipped with can the flexible span tune of synchronous bidirectional Mechanism is saved, the industrial control computer is installed with vehicle frame installation guide rail (11), vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) and wheel respectively The span adjusting mechanism of guide rail (13) is electrically connected.
5. trailer assembly system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the vehicle frame support member (2), suspension branch The back-up roller wheel of the bottom of support part part (3), vehicle bridge support member (4) and wheel supporting component (5) further includes idler wheel driving, idler wheel Driving and the positioning mechanism for rolling wheel are electrically connected with the industrial control computer respectively, are set inside industrial control computer There is the coordinate information control program of vehicle frame installation guide rail (11), vehicle bridge installation guide rail (12) and wheel installation guide rail (13).
6. trailer assembly system according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the vehicle frame installs guide rail (11), vehicle bridge Installing guide rail (12) and wheel installation guide rail (13) is rack structure, the vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut component (3), vehicle bridge support member (4) and the back-up roller wheel of wheel supporting component (5) are gear structures, and the idler wheel driving is synchronous Servo motor.
7. trailer assembly system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the wheel supporting component (5) The top plane in workpiece support face be equipped with the arc slide surface that is arranged concentrically with its arc, arc slide surface and wheel supporting portion It is connected between the workpiece support face of part (5) by the needle bearing that front-rear direction rolls setting.
8. trailer assembly system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that this trailer assembly system further includes leading to Cross fluid pressure line connection hydraulic power unit and hydraulic control valve group, the vehicle frame support member (2), suspension strut component (3), The wheel of vehicle bridge support member (4), the telescoping mechanism up and down of wheel supporting component (5) and wheel supporting component (5) is oriented to sliding Telescoping mechanism is hydraulic cylinder structure, and hydraulic cylinder structure passes through fluid pressure line respectively and connect with hydraulic control valve group, hydraulic control valve Group is electrically connected with the industrial control computer.
9. trailer assembly system according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the horizontal linear guide rail part (1) it submerges level ground or less installation and its height dimension submerges level ground fitting depth size below no more than it.
CN201710467451.XA 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 A kind of trailer assembly system Active CN107226148B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113665710A (en) * 2020-05-15 2021-11-19 陕西重型汽车有限公司 Drive axle supporting device

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CN202557654U (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-11-28 淮安市专用汽车制造有限公司 Small rail car specially used for semitrailer rear axle assembly
CN103101584A (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-05-15 江苏天奇物流系统工程股份有限公司 Full-load trolley of large passenger service vehicle assembling line
CN205365613U (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-07-06 河南鸿宇工业装备工程有限公司 Well trailer frame mobile device
CN106379447A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 合肥亿福自动化科技有限公司 Vehicle frame production line conveying and circulating device

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JPS62166172A (en) * 1986-01-17 1987-07-22 Mazda Motor Corp Heavy object loading device
US6324992B1 (en) * 1999-05-14 2001-12-04 Tsubakimoto Chain Co. Hybrid carrying truck
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CN202557654U (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-11-28 淮安市专用汽车制造有限公司 Small rail car specially used for semitrailer rear axle assembly
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