CN107226099A - A kind of train fully automatic operation method and system - Google Patents

A kind of train fully automatic operation method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107226099A
CN107226099A CN201710339053.XA CN201710339053A CN107226099A CN 107226099 A CN107226099 A CN 107226099A CN 201710339053 A CN201710339053 A CN 201710339053A CN 107226099 A CN107226099 A CN 107226099A
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China
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train
control centre
equipment
current
door
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CN201710339053.XA
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CN107226099B (en
Inventor
郜春海
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Traffic Control Technology TCT Co Ltd
Polytron Technologies Inc
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Polytron Technologies Inc
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Priority to CN201710339053.XA priority Critical patent/CN107226099B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C17/00Arrangement or disposition of parts; Details or accessories not otherwise provided for; Use of control gear and control systems
    • B61C17/12Control gear; Arrangements for controlling locomotives from remote points in the train or when operating in multiple units
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L27/00Central traffic control systems ; Track-side control or specific communication systems
    • B61L27/0038Track-side control of safe travel of vehicle or vehicle train, e.g. braking curve calculation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L27/00Central traffic control systems ; Track-side control or specific communication systems
    • B61L27/04Automatic systems, e.g. controlled by train; Change-over to manual control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61LGUIDING RAILWAY TRAFFIC; ENSURING THE SAFETY OF RAILWAY TRAFFIC
    • B61L2210/00Vehicle systems
    • B61L2210/02Single autonomous vehicles

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of train fully automatic operation method and system, method includes:According to the instruction of time of running table or control centre, train automatically wakes up, and completes Static Detection and dynamic detection;Parking ground control system is the train route setting automatically waken up;Control centre's monitoring train, parking ground control system, the state of equipment cluster, with reference to time of running table, the operational plan to each train is controlled and adjusted;When train needs cleaning, the car washer subsystem of parking ground control system arranges the route for entering car washer and the route of turning back for leaving car washer for train;When train terminates operation, train automatic protection ATP equipment and train automatic Pilot ATO equipment are closed, and keep AOM non-stop runs.Compared to traditional CBTC systems, fully automatic operation is realized, reliability, security, availability, the maintainability of system is further increased, operation emergency disposal level is improved, improves automatization level, reduce labor intensity.

Description

A kind of train fully automatic operation method and system
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to track traffic control technology field, and in particular to a kind of train fully automatic operation method and System.
Background technology
CBTC (communication-based train control system) is the main flow control system of current orbit traffic, and the system is depended on Driver driving train, by means of the experimental technology of driver, the cooperation of station/garage staff, ensures the normal operation of train. CBTC systems are used for domestic and international a plurality of tracks traffic route, achieve good social benefit.
However, based at least following two reasons, market also has for the fully automatic operation system independent of driver The need for gradually increasing:
1st, the staff such as driver is short of hands:For domestic, the mileage of track traffic increases quite quick, each city The rail transportation operation side in city all suffers from the problem of driver is not enough, cultivates a ripe driver, at least need 3-5 when Between, and such culture speed can not increasingly keep up with the growth rate of track traffic.In addition to driver, station keeper, The posies such as garage keeper also extremely lack professional.
2nd, artificial origin may cause accident:The existing rail transportation operation time is all increasing, by Beijing Metro Line 1 Exemplified by, its run time is 5: 00-23: 00, the long-term shift work of the staff such as driver, and the working time is also in increase.Meanwhile, Train departure interval is shorter and shorter, and the working strength in driver's unit interval is also in increase.If driver is not it will be noted that warning Signal or driver's false judgment information of train, then be likely to result in accident, so as to influence the operation of whole piece circuit.
Therefore, the automaticity of track traffic operation is improved, is both the active demand in market, is also the technology of the whole industry Improved power.
The content of the invention
In consideration of it, the embodiment of the present invention aims to provide a kind of fully automatic operation system, safety to improve track traffic etc. Level and automation grade, it is to avoid the accident being likely to result in because of human factor or loss.
In a first aspect, the embodiment of the present invention proposes a kind of train fully automatic operation method, including:
According to the instruction of time of running table or control centre, train is driven by the auxiliary of the train in parking lot and set Standby AOM is communicated with the control centre, the train is automatically waken up, and complete Static Detection and dynamic detection;
Parking ground control system is the train route setting automatically waken up, garage door is automatically turned on, so that the row Car rolls parking lot away from;
Passenger's dispatch server of the control centre cause the staff of the control centre by radio communication and Broadcasting for train is linked up with passenger, and the vehicle scheduling server of the control centre causes the staff to pass through channel radio Believe the multiple parameters that train is set to the train, the control centre monitors the train, the parking ground control system, set The state of standby cluster, with reference to the time of running table, the operational plan to each train is controlled and adjusted, and stops to described Parking lot control system, the module damage of the equipment cluster are recorded, and are reported to the control centre or the equipment The staff of cluster;
When the train needs cleaning, the car washer subsystem of the parking ground control system for the train arrange into Enter the route of car washer and leave the route of turning back of car washer;
When the train terminates operation, the train returns to the parking stall in the parking lot, closes train automatic protection ATP equipment and train automatic Pilot ATO equipment, and keep the AOM non-stop runs.
Alternatively, including:
When the obstacle detecting apparatus of train detects the barrier on track, the urgent system of current train is triggered immediately Dynamic, current train reports brake hard information to control centre;
The control centre notifies the brake hard information to follow-up train, follow-up train correspondingly slow-down or Parking, and the brake hard information is notified to the equipment cluster belonging to current train;
The regional blockade switch SPKS switches of staff's opening signal system of equipment cluster belonging to current train Subsystem, parking area and adjacent area formation protection to train so that the work of the equipment cluster belonging to current train Personnel enter the parking area and adjacent area processing barrier of current train.
Alternatively, including:
Current train reports the brake hard information to the control in interval or platform brake hard, current train The brake hard information of current train is notified that, to follow-up train, follow-up train correspondingly subtracts by center, the control centre Jogging speed or parking, also notify the brake hard information to the equipment cluster belonging to current train, staff's operation The SPKS switch subsystems of the equipment cluster, SPKS switch subsystems are opened to track where current train and adjacent orbit Protection so that track and the adjacent orbit where staff enters current train.
Alternatively, including:
After track where staff leaves current train and the adjacent orbit, the SPKS of the equipment cluster is cancelled Protection of the switch subsystem to track where current train and the adjacent orbit, current train by with the control centre The communication of vehicle scheduling server, alleviates brake hard.
Alternatively, including:
Passenger presses the alarm button in current train compartment, and warning message is sent in the control by current train Picture in the heart, alarm compartment is automatically pushed drivers' cab closed-circuit television CCTV pictures and the control centre to train CCTV pictures, current train stops when running to next platform, and staff, which gets on the bus, handles the warning message.
Alternatively, including:
The control centre controls the illumination of each train, air-conditioning/electric heating, and the long-range circuit by each train carries out side Road, train fault is resetted, train fire is confirmed and resetted.
Alternatively, including:
When the wheel speed sensors of current train detect skid, current train sends to the control centre and skidded Dally information, and shown control centre indicates that current train opens sleet pattern, current train reduction tractive-braking efforts and operation speed Degree, increases the safe distance between train, ensures the orderly function of each train.
Alternatively, including:
When one or more car doors of current train can not be opened, current train sends corresponding Fisrt fault information To the control centre, the Fisrt fault information is sent to the digital circuit board PCB of equipment cluster by the control centre Platform is closed the door subsystem, and PCB platforms subsystem of closing the door indicates that the corresponding shield door of failure car door does not open the door, and to correspondence platform The passenger that waits of door sends warning;Or
When the PCB platforms of the equipment cluster close the door subsystem detect one or more shield doors and can not open when, Corresponding second fault message is sent to the control centre by the equipment cluster, the control centre by this described second Barrier information is sent to the AOM of current train, and AOM indicates that the corresponding Train door of fault masking door does not open the door, and to correspondence car The passenger of door and gate sends warning.
Alternatively, including:
Train is provided with detection of obstacles sensor in front of headstock, reports and detects when the detection of obstacles sensor During barrier, train brake hard immediately, and brake hard information is sent to ground ATP equipment, to set up zone of protection;
Train sends shown brake hard information, the interval CCTV pictures of the equipment cluster to the control centre It is pushed to the control centre.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the present invention proposes a kind of train fully automatic operation system, including:
Control centre, equipment cluster, parking ground control system and train;
The control centre includes passenger's dispatch server, vehicle scheduling server;
Passenger's dispatch server causes the staff of control centre to pass through radio communication and broadcasting for train and passenger Linked up;
The vehicle scheduling server causes the staff of control centre to set train to train by radio communication Multiple parameters;
The control centre is used to work out the operation plan of each train, monitors the implementation status of each train, according to each The implementation status of individual train and the operation plan of real time modifying establishment, handle each train and the fault message at each station;
The equipment cluster includes interlock device, zone controller, the regional blockade switch SPKS switches of signal system Subsystem and digital circuit board PCB platforms are closed the door subsystem;
The parking ground control system includes garage door subsystem, car washer subsystem and dormancy awakening transponder, works as row When car needs dormancy or wake-up, whether the parking ground control system detects train in dormancy using the dormancy awakening transponder Position wakes up position, and testing result is sent into the control centre, so that whether the control centre judges train Dormancy or wake-up can be entered;
The train include assistant equipments on board AOM, train automatic protection ATP equipment, train automatic Pilot ATO equipment, Obstacle detecting apparatus, train receives the wake-up instruction of the control centre using the AOM, and the AOM is set to the ATP Standby, described ATO equipment sends work order so that the train carries out static test and dynamic is tested, so as to wake up the row Car;The train receives the mobile authorization information from the parking ground control system, is travelled according to the mobile authorization information, Into main track operation;In train travelling process, the AOM monitors the work of the ATP equipment and the ATO equipment, by institute The state for stating ATP equipment and the ATO equipment is sent to the control centre, and according to the instruction of the control centre therefore The ATP equipment and the ATO equipment are restarted during barrier;When terminating operation, the train returns to parking lot, the AOM's Control is lower to close the ATP equipment and the ATO equipment, the train is entered park mode.
As shown from the above technical solution, the embodiment of the present invention realizes fully automatic operation compared to traditional CBTC systems, Reliability, security, availability, the maintainability of system are further increased, operation emergency disposal level is improved, improves Automatization level, reduces labor intensity.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are the present invention Some embodiments, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also basis These accompanying drawings obtain other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation for train fully automatic operation system that inventive embodiments are provided;
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic flow sheet of train fully automatic operation method provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that the pattern of train fully automatic operation provided in an embodiment of the present invention is compatible with the pattern that common CBTC is run Schematic diagram.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, clear, complete description is carried out to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
International public transport association UITP proposes the train automation grade being classified as follows:
Wherein, CBTC belongs to GoA2 grades, and train can be with automatic running and parking, the function with ATP and ATO, but closes The intervention of driver is still needed when closing car door, interference incident (such as passenger sounds the alarm, fire).
Fully automatic operation belongs to GoA3 grades and GoA4 grades, under GoA4 grades, completely without driver on train, all operations By the completion of fully automatic operation system automation.Under GoA3 grades, driver need not stay in driver's cabin, but can as crew To be walked about in the compartment of train, with serve passengers or discovery risk.
Fig. 1 shows a kind of structural representation for train fully automatic operation system that the present embodiment is provided.As shown in figure 1, Train fully automatic operation system is made up of control centre, equipment cluster, parking ground control system, the several subsystems of train, bone Dry net is used between several subsystems transmit data and information.
In control centre, compared to traditional CBTC systems, newly-increased equipment has passenger's dispatch server and vehicle scheduling clothes Business device, the function of Maintenance Scheduling server has extended.
In equipment cluster and parking ground control system, newly-increased equipment has the special FEP FEP of signal, vehicle Gateway, garage door controller, SPKS switch subsystems, PCB platforms are closed the door subsystem, garage door, car washer, dormancy awakening response The equipment such as device.Wherein, all interfaces with being integrated system of FEP FEP processing, the number gathered from FEP FEP Station server is sent to according to by station interchanger;Station server, station station master on duty's work station and FEP FEP etc. It is connected with the network switch.Station staff needs the information paid close attention to reduce, and needs the information paid close attention to can be more initiative Ground is pushed to station staff.Vehicle gateway is used for and the Train Control management system TCMS interfaces on train, acquisition TCMS instruction and operation.PCB platforms subsystem of closing the door is connected with as ground ATP interlocking CI subsystems, for control station Platform switch gate.Different from CBTC systems, garage door is combined by garage door controller and arranged substantially not by being manually turned on and off The route of car and be automatically turned on and off.Different from CBTC systems, car washer also substantially not by being manually turned on and off, but The automatically carwash by the carwash plan of car washer subsystem combination train.
In Fig. 1, the newly-increased equipment of train includes assistant equipments on board AOM, passenger broadcast PA subsystems, detection of obstacles Equipment, vehicle-carrying communication TETRA equipment etc..Assistant equipments on board AOM is mainly used in replacing artificial driver, monitoring ATP equipment, ATO The work of equipment (system), and as unique 24 hours non-stop run equipment on car, communicated with control centre, processing row Dormancy awakening of car etc. is operated.Wherein, passenger's broadcast PA subsystems and TCMS system interface, for passenger's broadcast and ground installation Interaction.
Fig. 2 shows a kind of schematic flow sheet for train fully automatic operation method that the present embodiment is provided, including:
S201, the instruction according to time of running table or control centre, train is in parking lot by the auxiliary of the train Steer AOM is communicated with the control centre, and the train is automatically waken up, and completes Static Detection and dynamic inspection Survey;
S202, parking ground control system are the train route setting automatically waken up, garage door are automatically turned on, so that institute State train and roll parking lot away from;
S203, passenger's dispatch server of the control centre cause the staff of the control centre to pass through channel radio Letter and broadcasting for train are linked up with passenger, and the vehicle scheduling server of the control centre causes the staff to pass through nothing Line communicates and the multiple parameters of train is set to the train, and the control centre monitors the train, parking lot control system System, the state of equipment cluster, with reference to the time of running table, the operational plan to each train is controlled and adjusted, right The parking ground control system, the module damage of the equipment cluster are recorded, and are reported to the control centre or institute State the staff of equipment cluster;
S204, when the train needs cleaning, the car washer subsystem of the parking ground control system is the train Arrangement enters the route of car washer and leaves the route of turning back of car washer;
S205, when the train terminates operation, the train returns to the parking stall in the parking lot, closes train automatic ATP equipment and train automatic Pilot ATO equipment are protected, and keeps the AOM non-stop runs.
The present embodiment realizes fully automatic operation compared to traditional CBTC systems, further increases the reliable of system Property, security, availability, maintainability, improve operation emergency disposal level, improve automatization level, reduce work Intensity.
As a preferred embodiment, when the obstacle detecting apparatus of train detects the barrier on track, immediately The brake hard of current train is triggered, current train reports brake hard information to control centre;
The control centre notifies the brake hard information to follow-up train, follow-up train correspondingly slow-down or Parking, and the brake hard information is notified to the equipment cluster belonging to current train;
The regional blockade switch SPKS switches of staff's opening signal system of equipment cluster belonging to current train Subsystem, parking area and adjacent area formation protection to train so that the work of the equipment cluster belonging to current train Personnel enter the parking area and adjacent area processing barrier of current train.
As a preferred embodiment, current train is in interval or platform brake hard, and current train is by the urgent system Dynamic information reports that, to the control centre, the control centre notifies the brake hard information of current train to subsequent column Car, follow-up train correspondingly slow-down or parking, also notifies the brake hard information to the equipment belonging to current train Cluster, staff operates the SPKS switch subsystems of the equipment cluster, and SPKS switch subsystems are to current train institute In track and adjacent orbit opening protection function so that track and the adjacent orbit where staff enters current train.
As a preferred embodiment, after track where staff leaves current train and the adjacent orbit, revocation Protection of the SPKS switch subsystems of the equipment cluster to track where current train and the adjacent orbit, current train By the communication of the vehicle scheduling server with the control centre, alleviate brake hard.
As a preferred embodiment, passenger presses the alarm button in current train compartment, and current train is by alarm signal The picture that breath is sent in the control centre, alarm compartment is automatically pushed the drivers' cab closed-circuit television CCTV pictures to train With the CCTV pictures of the control centre, current train stops when running to next platform, and staff gets on the bus described in processing Warning message.
And in traditional CBTC systems, drivers' cab has artificial driver, artificial driver is received after warning message, artificial department Machine is to determine how to operate, and station and/or equipment cluster are reported forwards.For example, artificial driver may be found that Passenger is false alarm, then can directly alleviate alarm, without operation bidirectional;Or, driver has found there is passenger's heart attack, Then driver needs to contact with front station, and request station staff dials ambulance call etc..
As a preferred embodiment, the control centre controls the illumination of each train, air-conditioning/electric heating, and remotely will The circuit of each train is bypassed, train fault is resetted, train fire is confirmed and resetted.
As a preferred embodiment, when the wheel speed sensors of current train detect skid, current train to The control centre sends skid information, and shown control centre indicates that current train opens sleet pattern, current train drop Low tractive-braking efforts and the speed of service, increase the safe distance between train, ensure the orderly function of each train.
As a preferred embodiment, when one or more car doors of current train can not be opened, current train will be right The Fisrt fault information answered is sent to the control centre, and the Fisrt fault information is sent to equipment collection by the control centre The digital circuit board PCB platforms at middle station are closed the door subsystem, and PCB platforms subsystem of closing the door indicates the corresponding shield door of failure car door not Open the door, and warning is sent to the passenger that waits of correspondence gate;Or
When the PCB platforms of the equipment cluster close the door subsystem detect one or more shield doors and can not open when, Corresponding second fault message is sent to the control centre by the equipment cluster, the control centre by this described second Barrier information is sent to the AOM of current train, and AOM indicates that the corresponding Train door of fault masking door does not open the door, and to correspondence car The passenger of door and gate sends warning.
As a preferred embodiment, train is provided with detection of obstacles sensor in front of headstock, when the barrier When detection sensor report detects barrier, train brake hard immediately, and brake hard information is sent to ground ATP Equipment, to set up zone of protection;
Train sends shown brake hard information, the interval CCTV pictures of the equipment cluster to the control centre It is pushed to the control centre.
In addition, the present embodiment provides a kind of train fully automatic operation system, as shown in figure 1, including:
Control centre, equipment cluster, parking ground control system and train;
The control centre includes passenger's dispatch server, vehicle scheduling server;
Passenger's dispatch server causes the staff of control centre to pass through radio communication and broadcasting for train and passenger Linked up;
The vehicle scheduling server causes the staff of control centre to set train to train by radio communication Multiple parameters;
The control centre is used to work out the operation plan of each train, monitors the implementation status of each train, according to each The implementation status of individual train and the operation plan of real time modifying establishment, handle each train and the fault message at each station;
The equipment cluster includes interlock device, zone controller, the regional blockade switch SPKS switches of signal system Subsystem and digital circuit board PCB platforms are closed the door subsystem;
The parking ground control system includes garage door subsystem, car washer subsystem and dormancy awakening transponder, works as row When car needs dormancy or wake-up, whether the parking ground control system detects train in dormancy using the dormancy awakening transponder Position wakes up position, and testing result is sent into the control centre, so that whether the control centre judges train Dormancy or wake-up can be entered;
The train include assistant equipments on board AOM, train automatic protection ATP equipment, train automatic Pilot ATO equipment, Obstacle detecting apparatus, train receives the wake-up instruction of the control centre using the AOM, and the AOM is set to the ATP Standby, described ATO equipment sends work order so that the train carries out static test and dynamic is tested, so as to wake up the row Car;The train receives the mobile authorization information from the parking ground control system, is travelled according to the mobile authorization information, Into main track operation;In train travelling process, the AOM monitors the work of the ATP equipment and the ATO equipment, by institute The state for stating ATP equipment and the ATO equipment is sent to the control centre, and according to the instruction of the control centre therefore The ATP equipment and the ATO equipment are restarted during barrier;When terminating operation, the train returns to parking lot, the AOM's Control is lower to close the ATP equipment and the ATO equipment, the train is entered park mode.
Fig. 3 shows that the pattern for the train fully automatic operation that the present embodiment is provided is compatible with the pattern that common CBTC is run Schematic diagram.
In CBTC systems, as shown in Fig. 3 right half parts, train has AM patterns (train is run under ATO controls), CM Pattern (train is run under ATP controls), RM patterns (being run under limited artificial mode), EUM patterns are (under untethered artificial mode Operation).
In fully automatic operation system, as shown in Fig. 3 left-halfs, train adds FAM patterns (fully automatic operation mould Formula), CAM mode (wriggling pattern), sleep pattern.
In FAM patterns, the vehicle-mounted VOBC of train adds assistant equipments on board AOM, and assistant equipments on board AOM is mainly used In replacing artificial driver, ATP equipment, the work of ATO equipment (system) are monitored, and it is uninterrupted as unique 24 hours on car Working equipment, communicates with control centre, handles the operation such as dormancy awakening of train.Wherein, passenger's broadcast PA subsystems and TCMS System interface, broadcasts for passenger and is interacted with ground installation.
Train is under FAM patterns, automatically with ground installation (including station, equipment cluster, parking ground control system All ground installations), control centre carry out information exchange, completely without the intervention of driver.
CAM mode be when train runs into network failure (interface fault between signal and network) of non-through communication network, Using the hardwire interface on train, communicated with the equipment cluster on ground so that train can be to be not higher than 25KMPH (thousand M/h) speed traveling pattern, pattern of also known as wriggling.CAM mode causes train occurs between control centre non-through During the failure of communication network, remain able to, by the communication with equipment cluster, keep running at a low speed, so as to improve efficiency.Train After scram, manual confirmation allows CAM mode after confirming through OCC operator, and the ATP equipment of train still carries out hypervelocity and prevented Shield.After train is with CAM mode inlet parking, opens car door shield door and wait staff's progress of getting on the bus the processing such as to reset.
After awakening mode refers to that train comes to a complete stop on the parking stall in parking lot, the module such as ATP equipment, ATO equipment of train Power down is stopped, and is got off equivalent to the artificial driver under CBTC patterns, train enters off position.However, due to it is complete from In dynamic runtime, no one work driver gets on the bus again, so the auxiliary of train drives AOM modules and kept for 24 hours constantly Electricity.AOM modules keep the communication with parking ground control system, also keep the communication with control centre, need to be waken up in train When, AOM modules start ATP equipment, ATO equipment and the other modules of train, are easy to fully automatically wake up train.
Illustrate advantage of fully automatic operation (FAO) system compared to CBTC systems by taking several concrete scenes as an example below:
First, train wakes up:Control centre wakes up train according to operation plan remote auto, and train and mobile unit pass through AOM modules upper electricity automatically, and perform that equipment self-inspection, static test, dynamic test etc. are a series of originally to be performed by artificial driver Whole test jobs.After train wakes up, control centre remotely specifies traffic direction, provides the drive authorization of fully automatic operation, The outbound of train automatic Pilot is run.Control centre except control train dormancy awakening in addition to, can also control train illumination, Air-conditioning/electric heating etc., and remote processing can be carried out to train fault, such as remotely the circuit of train is bypassed, to train Failure is resetted, train fire is confirmed and resetted.
2nd, sleet pattern:When train runs into sleety weather, the wheel of the section train influenceed by sleety weather can be beaten Sliding idle running, in the case of no driver, the skid of train detection to wheel opens sleet pattern, train reduction traction Brake force and the speed of service, increase the safe distance between train, ensure the orderly function of train.
3rd, train jumps:In CBTC systems, Train Stopping alignment relies partially on the experience of driver;Full-automatic In runtime, the scope of the stopping accuracy of train at tens centimetres will realize tens centimetres of position correction, it is necessary to control row Car and is exported according to skip distance and braked according to the sequential export traction for a period of time of regulation, realizes the short distance of train It is mobile.
4th, the shield door contraposition isolation of car door, platform:In CBTC systems, car door, the shield door of platform beat on and off Close and controlled by artificial driver, and all doors are to open and close simultaneously;And in fully automatic operation system, when train When one or more car doors can not be opened, the fault message is sent to control centre by train, and control centre indicates failure car door The shield door of corresponding equipment cluster does not open the door;Or when one or more shield doors of equipment cluster can not be opened, if The fault message is sent to control centre by standby cluster, and control centre indicates that the corresponding car door of train does not open the door.Equipment is concentrated Standing also locally can notify staff, and the troubleshooting of shield door is intervened by staff.
5th, emergency handle:(for example there is passenger's burst disease after emergency handle is pulled down into the train compartment of interval operation Disease), train normally runs to door opening after platform, waits staff to get on the bus processing;It is just urgent in outbound train compartment After handle is left behind, train hard brake stop, staff gets on the bus processing.Control centre OCC can show that this emergency handle is drawn Under warning message, correspondence compartment in video pictures can by active push to control centre OCC passenger adjust CCTV monitors And/or driving position CCTV monitor pictures, passenger, which adjusts, to be passed through after CCTV monitors confirm and train can be broadcasted, and is entered with passenger Row information is interacted.
6th, vehicle fire:In CBTC systems, vehicle fire is to be contacted by artificial driver with station staff, Station staff starts passenger in emergency mechanism, artificial vectoring station, closes elevator staircase, notifies the departments such as fire-fighting first aid, this Very high requirement is proposed to station staff, it is also desirable to corresponding manoeuvre experience.From unlike traditional CBTC, automatically Runtime is not merely the automation inside signal system, can also be joined with the equipment of other professional equipment suppliers It is dynamic, train and the air-conditioning and electric heating system at station are for example controlled, control is connected to the warning message of fire-fighting first aid, is connected to station Electric power system etc..In fully automatic operation system, vehicle fire, the alarm of fire very first time can be automatically pushed to control Center and corresponding station, the staff of control centre confirm concrete on fire, can be automatic to touch with one-key start linking fire program The interfaces such as fire-fighting first aid are sent out, detaining car is carried out to follow-up train, breakdown train is arranged as early as possible, mitigate the work of station staff, So that in terms of station staff is primarily focused on evacuating personnel.
7th, derailing detection:Train is provided with detection of obstacles sensor in front of headstock, reports and detects when the sensor During barrier, train brake hard immediately, and brake hard information is sent to ground ATP equipment, to set up zone of protection. Meanwhile, control centre will also receive corresponding information, and interval CCTV picture can also be pushed to control centre, to check scene Situation, the personnel that arrange work are handled to scene.
8th, Full-automatic car-washing:In CBTC systems, carwash is completely that, by manual dispatching, staff needs to coordinate it Time storehouse time, the time of departure of its train are, it is necessary to which many people coordinate just handle carwash route.And in fully automatic operation system In, the route collision detection for handling the automation that places one's entire reliance upon of carwash route, carwash plan and the operational plan of each train Layout is together, it is to avoid the poor efficiency of artificial judgment.
9th, remote reset and remote emergency are braked:In CBTC systems, there is failure (such as car door for needing to reset in train Power module failure), it is necessary to which driver resets to malfunctioning module.And in fully automatic operation system, control centre can be remote Drivers' cab activation breaker, air compressor machine on journey pair, train start the modules such as control breaker, Train Control breaker and answered Position.In addition, control centre is in addition to it can be braked and be alleviated to single train instead of driver, needed when emergency situations occur for circuit When wanting the train in full line all to brake, control centre can also send braking instruction to multiple trains simultaneously so that completely arrange Car is braked simultaneously, is conducive to all fronts train to keep interval, while operation is also very easy.Certainly, control centre is it is also possible that complete Alignment car is alleviated.
As summary, the fully automatic operation scene of the application amounts to 41, wherein,
Normal scene 18:Upper electricity between morning, train wake-ups, wake operation, train run into main track service, mill train car, Inlet parking, platform are dispatched a car, stop jumping, detaining car, turn back change end, the proteges of the powerful who stay with their benefactions like parasites, parking main track service, train Hui Ku, train clean, daily test With maintenance, carwash, automatic shunting, train dormancy;
Abnormal scene 23:The shield door Fault Isolation car door of platform, the shield door of car door Fault Isolation platform, close the door again Control, the shield door loss of state of platform, vehicle door status loss, motor vehicle braking system failure, FAM/CAM patten transformations, CAM moulds Formula operation, brake hard alleviation, equipment working state remote supervisory, emergency handle, vehicle fire, barrier derailing inspection on car Car in survey, the braking of train remote broadcast, remote emergency, failure reset control, sleet pattern, other remote control functions, operation Or signal fault, interval evacuation, rescue.
Framework has communication backbone between control centre, equipment cluster, parking ground control system, train these systems Net, is easy to transmission information between the systems.Wherein, the VOBC of train, the interlock device on ground, the zone controller on ground The backbone network being in communication with each other between ZC equipment belongs to safety net;The backbone network communicated between remaining equipment and subsystem belongs to non- Safety net.
The advantage of fully automatic operation has a lot, includes but is not limited to:
1st, train is automatically waken up, AUTOMATIC STATIC is tested, automatic dynamic is tested, and parking garage doors automatically open up closing, row Car automatic car washing, automatic Hui Ku, auto sleep, this dramatically saves on the working strength of parking lot staff and driver;
2nd, arrive at a station automatic accurate parking, automatic shutter car door, leaving from station, these functional promotions of dispatching a car automatically AT STATION in travelling The efficiency of train operation;
3rd, control centre can effectively monitor each train and normal operating and the abnormal operation at each station, energy automatically Enough processing timely and effectively arranged for abnormal operation.For example, AT STATION in the case of fire, illumination, the elevator at station etc. Air switch can be with automatic power down, to avoid fire from resulting in greater loss, other resources, such as fire-fighting medical treatment are transferred in also linkage Resource etc., such operation scenario is all automation, it is to avoid the careless omission in terms of certain is caused because of artificial experience shortage.
4th, the core concept of fully automatic operation system is the Run-time scenario according to train, by driver's working automation, remotely Change, car alienation.Automation refers to that all operations have full-automatic runtime to be triggered according to timetable and completed, and not only reduces The work of artificial driver, also reduces train dispatcher, the work of station controller etc.;Long-range refers to need artificial department originally Condition information, is all sent in long-range control by situation or the situation of burst that machine or station controller judge by train The heart, has control centre to be handled;Car alienation refers to the work for reducing or eliminating artificial driver, for needing manual site to confirm Complicated state, be controlled by platform staff after train driving to platform.
It should be understood by those skilled in the art that, embodiments of the invention can be provided as method, system or computer program Product.Therefore, the present invention can be using the reality in terms of complete hardware embodiment, complete software embodiment or combination software and hardware Apply the form of example.Moreover, the present invention can be used in one or more computers for wherein including computer usable program code The computer program production that usable storage medium is implemented on (including but is not limited to magnetic disk storage, CD-ROM, optical memory etc.) The form of product.
The present invention is the flow with reference to method according to embodiments of the present invention, equipment (system) and computer program product Figure and/or block diagram are described.It should be understood that can be by every first-class in computer program instructions implementation process figure and/or block diagram Journey and/or the flow in square frame and flow chart and/or block diagram and/or the combination of square frame.These computer programs can be provided The processor of all-purpose computer, special-purpose computer, Embedded Processor or other programmable data processing devices is instructed to produce A raw machine so that produced by the instruction of computer or the computing device of other programmable data processing devices for real The device for the function of being specified in present one flow of flow chart or one square frame of multiple flows and/or block diagram or multiple square frames.
It should be noted that term " comprising ", "comprising" or its any other variant are intended to the bag of nonexcludability Contain, so that process, method, article or equipment including a series of key elements are not only including those key elements, but also including Other key elements being not expressly set out, or also include for this process, method, article or the intrinsic key element of equipment. In the absence of more restrictions, the key element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that including the key element Process, method, article or equipment in also there is other identical element.
In the specification of the present invention, numerous specific details are set forth.Although it is understood that, embodiments of the invention can To be put into practice in the case of these no details.In some instances, known method, structure and skill is not been shown in detail Art, so as not to obscure the understanding of this description.Similarly, it will be appreciated that disclose in order to simplify the present invention and helps to understand respectively One or more of individual inventive aspect, above in the description of the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each of the invention is special Levy and be grouped together into sometimes in single embodiment, figure or descriptions thereof.However, should not be by the method solution of the disclosure Release and be intended in reflection is following:I.e. the present invention for required protection requirement is than the feature that is expressly recited in each claim more Many features.More precisely, as the following claims reflect, inventive aspect is to be less than single reality disclosed above Apply all features of example.Therefore, it then follows thus claims of embodiment are expressly incorporated in the embodiment, Wherein each claim is in itself as the separate embodiments of the present invention.
Above example is merely to illustrate technical scheme, rather than its limitations;Although with reference to the foregoing embodiments The present invention is described in detail, it will be understood by those within the art that:It still can be to foregoing each implementation Technical scheme described in example is modified, or carries out equivalent substitution to which part technical characteristic;And these are changed or replaced Change, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of train fully automatic operation method, it is characterised in that including:
According to the instruction of time of running table or control centre, train is in parking lot by the assistant equipments on board of the train AOM is communicated with the control centre, the train is automatically waken up, and complete Static Detection and dynamic detection;
Parking ground control system is the train route setting automatically waken up, garage door is automatically turned on, so that the train is sailed Go out parking lot;
Passenger's dispatch server of the control centre causes the staff of the control centre to pass through radio communication and train Broadcast is linked up with passenger, the vehicle scheduling server of the control centre cause the staff by radio communication to The train sets the multiple parameters of train, and the control centre monitors the train, the parking ground control system, equipment collection The state at middle station, with reference to the time of running table, the operational plan to each train is controlled and adjusted, to the parking lot Control system, the module damage of the equipment cluster are recorded, and are reported to the control centre or equipment concentration The staff stood;
When the train needs cleaning, the car washer subsystem of the parking ground control system enters for train arrangement to be washed The route of vehicle device and the route of turning back for leaving car washer;
When the train terminates operation, the train returns to the parking stall in the parking lot, closes train automatic protection ATP and sets Standby and train automatic Pilot ATO equipment, and keep the AOM non-stop runs.
2. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
When the obstacle detecting apparatus of train detects the barrier on track, the brake hard of current train is triggered immediately, Current train reports brake hard information to control centre;
The control centre notifies the brake hard information to follow-up train, and follow-up train correspondingly slow-down or stops Car, and the brake hard information is notified to the equipment cluster belonging to current train;
The regional blockade switch SPKS switch subsystems of staff's opening signal system of equipment cluster belonging to current train System, parking area and adjacent area formation protection to train so that the staff of the equipment cluster belonging to current train Enter the parking area and adjacent area processing barrier of current train.
3. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that including:
Current train reports the brake hard information in the control in interval or platform brake hard, current train The brake hard information of current train is notified that, to follow-up train, follow-up train correspondingly slows down by the heart, the control centre Speed or parking, also notify the brake hard information to the equipment cluster belonging to current train, staff's operation institute The SPKS switch subsystems of equipment cluster are stated, SPKS switch subsystems open anti-to track where current train and adjacent orbit Shield so that track and the adjacent orbit where staff enters current train.
4. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that including:
After track where staff leaves current train and the adjacent orbit, the SPKS switches of the equipment cluster are cancelled Protection of the subsystem to track where current train and the adjacent orbit, current train passes through the vehicle with the control centre The communication of dispatch server, alleviates brake hard.
5. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that including:
Passenger presses the alarm button in current train compartment, and warning message is sent to the control centre by current train, report Picture in police car railway carriage or compartment is automatically pushed to be drawn to the drivers' cab closed-circuit television CCTV pictures of train and the CCTV of the control centre Face, current train stops when running to next platform, and staff, which gets on the bus, handles the warning message.
6. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
The control centre controls the illumination of each train, air-conditioning/electric heating, and remotely the circuit of each train is bypassed, it is right Train fault is resetted, train fire is confirmed and resetted.
7. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
When the wheel speed sensors of current train detect skid, current train sends skid to the control centre Information, shown control centre indicates that current train opens sleet pattern, current train reduction tractive-braking efforts and the speed of service, plus Safe distance between big train, ensures the orderly function of each train.
8. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that including:
When one or more car doors of current train can not be opened, corresponding Fisrt fault information is sent to institute by current train Control centre is stated, the Fisrt fault information is sent to the digital circuit board PCB platforms of equipment cluster by the control centre Close the door subsystem, PCB platforms subsystem of closing the door indicates that the corresponding shield door of failure car door does not open the door, and to correspondence gate The passenger that waits sends warning;Or
When the PCB platforms of the equipment cluster close the door subsystem detect one or more shield doors and can not open when, it is described Corresponding second fault message is sent to the control centre by equipment cluster, and the control centre believes second barrier Breath is sent to the AOM of current train, and AOM indicates that the corresponding Train door of fault masking door does not open the door, and to correspondence car door and The passenger of gate sends warning.
9. train fully automatic operation method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that including:
Train is provided with detection of obstacles sensor in front of headstock, is reported when the detection of obstacles sensor and detects obstacle During thing, train brake hard immediately, and brake hard information is sent to ground ATP equipment, to set up zone of protection;
Train sends shown brake hard information to the control centre, and the interval CCTV pictures of the equipment cluster are also pushed away Give the control centre.
10. a kind of train fully automatic operation system, it is characterised in that including:
Control centre, equipment cluster, parking ground control system and train;
The control centre includes passenger's dispatch server, vehicle scheduling server;
Passenger's dispatch server causes the staff of control centre to be carried out by radio communication and broadcasting for train with passenger Link up;
The vehicle scheduling server causes the staff of control centre to set the multiple of train to train by radio communication Parameter;
The control centre is used to work out the operation plan of each train, monitors the implementation status of each train, according to each row The implementation status of car and the operation plan of real time modifying establishment, handle each train and the fault message at each station;
The equipment cluster includes interlock device, zone controller, the regional blockade switch SPKS switch subsystems of signal system System and digital circuit board PCB platforms are closed the door subsystem;
The parking ground control system includes garage door subsystem, car washer subsystem and dormancy awakening transponder, when train is needed When wanting dormancy or wake-up, whether the parking ground control system detects train in dormancy position using the dormancy awakening transponder Or position is waken up, and testing result is sent to the control centre, so that the control centre judges whether train can enter Enter dormancy or wake-up;
The train includes assistant equipments on board AOM, train automatic protection ATP equipment, train automatic Pilot ATO equipment, obstacle Quality testing measurement equipment, train receives the wake-up instruction of the control centre using the AOM, and the AOM is to the ATP equipment, institute State ATO equipment and send work order so that the train carries out static test and dynamic is tested, so as to wake up the train;Institute State train and receive the mobile authorization information from the parking ground control system, travelled according to the mobile authorization information, entered Main track is run;In train travelling process, the AOM monitors the work of the ATP equipment and the ATO equipment, by the ATP The state of equipment and the ATO equipment is sent to the control centre, and according to the instruction of the control centre in failure Restart the ATP equipment and the ATO equipment;When terminating operation, the train returns to parking lot, in the control of the AOM The lower closing ATP equipment and the ATO equipment, make the train enter park mode.
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