CN107223486A - A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system - Google Patents

A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107223486A
CN107223486A CN201710419549.8A CN201710419549A CN107223486A CN 107223486 A CN107223486 A CN 107223486A CN 201710419549 A CN201710419549 A CN 201710419549A CN 107223486 A CN107223486 A CN 107223486A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
canopy
ecological agriculture
insulation
environment regulating
sensor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710419549.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范子辉
Original Assignee
合肥助航生态农业科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 合肥助航生态农业科技有限公司 filed Critical 合肥助航生态农业科技有限公司
Priority to CN201710419549.8A priority Critical patent/CN107223486A/en
Publication of CN107223486A publication Critical patent/CN107223486A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system, including canopy body, the arch portion that the canopy body includes the side wall body of both sides and is arranged on side wall body;Set on arch portion in the canopy body sets the soil in air humidity sensor, air temperature sensor, canopy body to bury soil moisture sensor on the side wall body in LED and camera, canopy body;Set in the canopy body and water bag is set between multiple insulation portions, two neighboring insulation portion;The air humidity sensor, air temperature sensor, soil moisture sensor, LED, camera are connected with industrial computer, and the industrial computer is powered by mains-supplied or solar panel.The present invention realizes the effective regulation and control to humiture environment in greenhouse, without by staff to execute-in-place, saving labor cost, while improving production efficiency.

Description

A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural monitoring field, more particularly to a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system.
Background technology
The ecological agriculture is a new stage of agricultural development, the current ecological agriculture showed scale, maximization, Specialized trend.Requirement of the ecological agriculture to environment is higher, fast and accurately monitoring soil moisture content and the soil moisture etc. Factor, be it is timely carry out Drought analysis, instruct Crop Water-saving Technology to irrigate, the most important element task such as Ensuring Food Safety it One.Modern greenhouse greenhouse by time and space due to not limited, using more and more extensive.
With the fast development of greenhouse cultivation, the long-term culture underglass of earth's surface changes the original ecological environment of soil, its temperature Degree, humidity, illumination, miniclimate etc. all have a very large change, and soil evaporates often in high temperature, high humidity, height, drenched without rainwater In molten environment, the physicochemical character and biological characteristics of soil generate very big change, hamper the production of booth vegetable.Greatly Temperature, humidity environment in canopy directly affect the healthy growth of crop, and such as humidity is excessive or temperature is too high, and the easy lesion of crop is even It is withered.Therefore, if realizing that the environment regulation to ecological agriculture greenhouse is the task of top priority.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system, to realize to warm and humid in greenhouse Spend the effective regulation and control of environment.
The present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system, wherein, including canopy body, the canopy body include both sides side wall body and It is arranged on the arch portion on side wall body;Set on arch portion in the canopy body on the side wall body in LED and camera, canopy body The soil in air humidity sensor, air temperature sensor, canopy body is set to bury soil moisture sensor;Set in the canopy body Multiple insulation portions are put, the insulation portion is support and the heat-insulation layer being arranged on support;The insulation portion is along canopy body length direction It is arranged on the furrow of field, water bag is set between two neighboring insulation portion;The air humidity sensor, air temperature sensor, soil Earth moisture transducer, LED, camera are connected with industrial computer, and the industrial computer is supplied by mains-supplied or solar panel Electricity.
It is preferred that, set on the canopy body and heat-insulation layer is set outside plastic film layer, the plastic film layer.
It is preferred that, shading net is set on the canopy body.
It is preferred that, the height sensor of measurement plant strain growth height is set on the side wall body.
It is preferred that, the canopy sets temperature sensor in vitro, and the temperature sensor is connected with industrial computer.
It is preferred that, multiple blower fans are set on the side wall body;On the side wall body plastic film layer of correspondence blower fan position and The forms matched with blower fan size are set on heat-insulation layer.
It is preferred that, set on the side wall body and send hot channel.
It is preferred that, overlay film on the field furrow in the canopy body sets drip irrigation hose under the furrow of field.
It is preferred that, the LED is plant growth lamp.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
The present invention utilizes the air temperature sensor and soil moisture sensor point inside and outside air humidity sensor, greenhouse Temperature that Cai Ji be inside and outside greenhouse and air in greenhouse, soil moisture, by industrial computer to the various data of collection Information is analyzed, and realizes temperature and humid control in greenhouse, and suitable environment is provided for the healthy growth of crop in greenhouse. Meanwhile, the feedback information of the data message collected, analysis result and implementing result can also be passed through radio communication by industrial computer Module is remotely sent to monitoring center and user mobile phone.The present invention realizes the automatic data collection and tune of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment Section, without by staff to execute-in-place, saving labor cost, while improving production efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the accompanying drawing used required in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without having to pay creative labor, may be used also To obtain other accompanying drawings according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of side wall body in a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system of the invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention provides a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system, including canopy body, canopy body bag The side wall body 1 for including both sides and the arch portion 2 being arranged on side wall body 1.LED 3 and camera are set on the arch portion 2 in canopy body 4, set the soil in air humidity sensor 12, air temperature sensor 11, canopy body to bury soil on the side wall body 1 in canopy body Moisture transducer 10.Multiple insulation portions 8 are set in canopy body, and insulation portion 8 is support and the heat-insulation layer being arranged on support;Insulation portion It is arranged on along canopy body length direction on the furrow of field, water bag 9 is set between two neighboring insulation portion 8;Air humidity sensor 12, air Temperature sensor 11, soil moisture sensor 10, LED 3, camera 4 are connected with industrial computer, industrial computer by mains-supplied or Solar panel 7 is powered.Set on canopy body and heat-insulation layer is set outside plastic film layer, plastic film layer.Heat pipe is sent in 1 setting on side wall body Road 14.
In the embodiment, in autumn and winter, temperature is relatively low, and day and night temperature is also larger, required for maintenance plant growth Temperature is, it is necessary to which by sending hot channel 14 to send heat, the waste heat that sending hot channel 14 can be answered using methane pool reverse carries out heat supply.Daytime weather Temperature is higher, send hot channel 14 only to carry out heat supply in the colder period, and canopy temperature can meet or exceed crop life Long temperature, at this moment water bag 9 absorbs heat, while the light-absorbing coating of the outer settable black of water bag 9;When the reduction of night canopy temperature When, the heat release of water bag 9 adjusts the temperature in greenhouse.
Insulation portion 8 is additionally provided with the field furrow along canopy body length direction, when same day temperature spends low, to save the energy, Insulation portion 8 is set on the furrow of field, and insulation portion 8 may be provided on single field furrow, may also be arranged on adjacent two or more field furrow On.Insulation portion 8 includes support and heat-insulation layer, and support is fixedly installed on the ground in greenhouse, and heat-insulation layer is arranged on into support On, heat-insulation layer can select insulating quilt for greenhouse.It is also provided with the guarantor outside heat-insulation layer, greenhouse plastic film simultaneously outside the plastic film layer of greenhouse Warm layer also can select insulating quilt for greenhouse.Such two layers of Insulation, can be further crop insulation in canopy, it is to avoid because weather is cold Crop in frostbite canopy.The height sensor of measurement plant strain growth height is set on side wall body.
Temperature sensor 5 is set in vitro in canopy, temperature sensor 5 is connected with industrial computer.The external temperature sensor 5 of canopy is adopted Temperature data in temperature data outside Ji Peng, the collection canopy of temperature sensor 11, temperature sensor 5 and temperature sensor 11 with Industrial computer is connected, and the temperature data collected sends industrial computer to, carried out by industrial computer according to the temperature data inside and outside greenhouse, with And the humidity data in canopy, with reference to judge whether needs send heat and ventilation.
To change wind and promoting air circulation, multiple blower fans 13 are set on side wall body 1;Correspondence blower fan 13 on side wall body 1 The forms matched with the size of blower fan 13 are set on the plastic film layer and heat-insulation layer put.When changing wind, plastic film layer and guarantor are opened Forms on warm layer, expose blower fan 13, and temperature and the humidity value that blower fan 13 change in wind, reduction canopy are opened in industrial computer control. Drip irrigation hose is set under overlay film on field furrow in canopy body, field furrow;Using grou1ndwater irrigation;Overlay film can reduce soil moisture steaming Hair, and avoid due to the soil salinization caused by soil water evaporation;The overlay film in canopy body, and set drip irrigation hose to be filled Irrigate, using water wisely, soil can be fully absorbed, and water consumption easy to control.
For the upgrowth situation of crop in comprehensive descision greenhouse, camera 4 and height sensor 6 are set in canopy.Camera 4 The general image data in greenhouse are gathered, height sensor 6 is used for the growing height for measuring plant, is industrial computer and monitoring center Comprehensive descision crop growth conditions provide data reference.
Embodiment 2:
The present invention provides a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system, including canopy body, and canopy body includes the side wall body 1 of both sides With the arch portion 2 being arranged on side wall body 1.Side wall in LED 3 and camera 4, canopy body is set on the arch portion 2 in canopy body The soil in air humidity sensor 12, air temperature sensor 11 and height sensor 6, canopy body is set to bury soil on body 1 Moisture transducer 10.Multiple insulation portions 8 are set in canopy body, and insulation portion 8 is support and the heat-insulation layer being arranged on support;Insulation portion It is arranged on along canopy body length direction on the furrow of field, water bag 9 is set between two neighboring insulation portion 8;Air humidity sensor 12, air Temperature sensor 11, soil moisture sensor 10, LED 3, camera 4 are connected with industrial computer, industrial computer by mains-supplied or Solar panel 7 is powered.Shading net is set on canopy body.Drip irrigation hose is set under overlay film on field furrow in canopy body, field furrow.LED Lamp is plant growth lamp.
It is in the embodiment, hot in summer weather, shading net is set on canopy body, it is to avoid the direct exposure crop of daylight, And shading net does not influence ventilation, beneficial to plant growth.Multiple insulation portions 8 are set in canopy body, after daytime absorbs heat, evening temperature compared with Temperature in heat release when low, regulation canopy.Drip irrigation hose is set under overlay film on field furrow in canopy body, field furrow;Filled using underground water Irrigate;Overlay film can reduce soil water evaporation, and avoid due to the soil salinization caused by soil water evaporation;In canopy body Overlay film, and set drip irrigation hose to be irrigated, using water wisely, soil can be fully absorbed, and water consumption easy to control.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system, it is characterised in that:Including canopy body, the canopy body includes the side wall of both sides Body and the arch portion being arranged on side wall body;Side wall in LED and camera, canopy body is set on the arch portion in the canopy body The soil in air humidity sensor, air temperature sensor, canopy body is set to bury soil moisture sensor on body;The canopy body Interior to set multiple insulation portions, the insulation portion is support and the heat-insulation layer being arranged on support;The insulation portion is along canopy body length Direction is arranged on the furrow of field, and water bag is set between two neighboring insulation portion;The air humidity sensor, air themperature sensing Device, soil moisture sensor, LED, camera are connected with industrial computer, and the industrial computer is by mains-supplied or solar cell Plate is powered.
2. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Modeling is set on the canopy body Expect to set heat-insulation layer outside film layer, the plastic film layer.
3. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Set and hide on the canopy body Light net.
4. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Set on the side wall body Measure the height sensor of plant strain growth height.
5. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The canopy sets temperature in vitro Sensor is spent, the temperature sensor is connected with industrial computer.
6. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Set on the side wall body Multiple blower fans;The window matched with blower fan size is set on the plastic film layer and heat-insulation layer of correspondence blower fan position on the side wall body Body.
7. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Set on the side wall body Send hot channel.
8. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Field furrow in the canopy body Drip irrigation hose is set under upper overlay film, field furrow.
9. ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The LED is plant Growth lamp.
CN201710419549.8A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system CN107223486A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710419549.8A CN107223486A (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710419549.8A CN107223486A (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of ecological agriculture greenhouse-environment regulating system

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101766105A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-07-07 山东省果树研究所 Three-level shed for sweet cherry dwarfing stock young sprout cutting root induction
CN102405802A (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-04-11 山东省果树研究所 Environmental temperature and humidity semi-automatic regulation and control system for blueberry tender shoot cuttage seedling culture
CN102487754A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-13 王干 Intelligent ecological greenhouse system based on solar light supplement and geothermal insulation
CN202425377U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-09-12 王干 Intelligent ecological greenhouse system based on solar light supplementing and geothermal heat preservation
CN203563452U (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-04-30 建德市新安江铁皮石斛专业合作社 Frost damage prevention device for cultivation of dendrobium candidum
CN204598820U (en) * 2015-01-25 2015-09-02 云南春天农产品有限公司 A kind of growing vegetables temperature control system
CN106489517A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-03-15 山东省农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 A kind of Small plastic shed Folium Allii tuberosi cultivation and insulation harvesting method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101766105A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-07-07 山东省果树研究所 Three-level shed for sweet cherry dwarfing stock young sprout cutting root induction
CN102405802A (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-04-11 山东省果树研究所 Environmental temperature and humidity semi-automatic regulation and control system for blueberry tender shoot cuttage seedling culture
CN102487754A (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-06-13 王干 Intelligent ecological greenhouse system based on solar light supplement and geothermal insulation
CN202425377U (en) * 2011-11-21 2012-09-12 王干 Intelligent ecological greenhouse system based on solar light supplementing and geothermal heat preservation
CN203563452U (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-04-30 建德市新安江铁皮石斛专业合作社 Frost damage prevention device for cultivation of dendrobium candidum
CN204598820U (en) * 2015-01-25 2015-09-02 云南春天农产品有限公司 A kind of growing vegetables temperature control system
CN106489517A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-03-15 山东省农业科学院蔬菜花卉研究所 A kind of Small plastic shed Folium Allii tuberosi cultivation and insulation harvesting method

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Application publication date: 20171003